ДОНЕЦКАЯ НАРОДНАЯ РЕСПУБЛИКА
ОТДЕЛ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ АДМИНИСТРАЦИИ КУЙБЫШЕВСКОГО РАЙОНА ГОРОДА ДОНЕЦКА
МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ ДОНЕЦКОЙ НАРОДНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ
Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение «Школа №21 города Донецка»
Ролевая игра как способ организации дискуссии с опорой на прослушанный текст
учителя английского языка
учителя - методисты
Тема Ролевая игра как способ организации дискуссии
с опорой на прослушанный текст
Задачи Развитие навыков монологической и
Совершенствование навыков и умений
актуализировать и обобщать знания для решения
Развитие навыков воображения и критического
. мышления с опорой на прослушанный текст.
Вовлечение учителей в дискуссию для выражения
Оборудование. Текст для аудирования, тестовые задания, картинки,
I. Introduction. The importance of role- play at the English lesson.
Ролевая игра — игра обучающего или развлекательного назначения, вид драматического действия, участники которого действуют в рамках выбранных ими ролей, руководствуясь характером своей роли и внутренней логикой среды действия; вместе создают или следуют уже созданному сюжету. Действия участников игры считаются успешными или нет в соответствии с принятыми правилами. Игроки могут свободно импровизировать в рамках выбранных правил, определяя направление и исход игры
Действие ролевой игры происходит в мире игры. Мир игры может выглядеть как угодно, но именно он определяет ход игры. Сюжет, предлагаемый мастером игры, и описываемый им мир составляет основу ролевой игры. Мир может быть полностью придуманным, основываться на каком-нибудь художественном произведении (книге, фильме или пьесе).
Изучение английского языка может показаться совершенно скучным и неинтересным занятием, если этот процесс протекает монотонно, включает один вид деятельности и никак не мотивирует обучаемого все-таки с интересом заниматься английским. Задача учителя – таким образом преподнести обучающий процесс, чтобы ученик захотел учить английский, стремился понимать его и был готов говорить на нем.
Одним из основных стимулов к обучению является игра. Ведь в комплексе с дискуссиями и дебатами игры, в частности, ролевые игры на уроках английского языка являются наиболее информативными и результативными методами обучения с точки зрения восприятия. В процессе игры ученик преодолевает свою скованность и тревожность. Использование различных игр на уроке английского помогает овладеть им в занимательной форме, развить память, внимание, смекалку, поддерживать интерес к английскому языку как таковому.
Включаясь в ролевые игры на уроках английского языка, ученики представляют себя в роли кого-то другого в конкретной ситуации, ведут себя надлежащим образом согласно правилам этой игры. Социальные (врач, продавец), межличностные (друзья, одноклассники), психологические (нейтральные, позитивные, негативные персонажи) роли, которые исполняют ученики, способствуют тому, что они учатся общаться и обсуждать вопросы, понимать и оценивать чувства других людей, решать проблемы.
Конечной целью любой ролевой игры на уроках английского языка является получение новых знаний и отработка их до навыков.
Чтобы играть в ролевые игры на уроках английского языка надлежащим образом, необходимо сформировать у ученика нужные социальные умения общения и ознакомить их с диалогической речью на английском языке. В этом помогают упражнения на тренировку выражений этикетного плана, развитие навыков разговора по телефону, микродиалоги на заданную тему из нескольких реплик, создание диалогов на английском языке по образцу, чтение и воспроизведение этих диалогов наизусть, проигрывание диалога в парах.
II. Pre- listening аctivity.
Answer the questions
1. What is the text about? Your ideas.
2. What do you expect to hear?
3. Who are the main characters?
4. Where is the scene laid?
5. What will the subject of our discussion be like?
Now you are going to listen to the story. Be ready to take part in the discussion. We do hope that you will enjoy this story and it will melt your hearts..
III. Listening to the text.
Dinner and a Movie
After 21 years of marriage, my wife wanted me to take another woman out to dinner and a movie. She said, "I love you, but I know this other woman loves you and would love to spend some time with you."
The other woman that my wife wanted me to visit was my mother, who had been a widow for 19 years, but the demands of my work and my 3 children had made it possible to visit her only occasionally.
That night I called to invite her to go out for dinner and a movie.
"What's wrong, are you well?" she asked. My mother is the type of woman who suspects that a late night call or surprise invitation is a sign of bad news.
"I thought that it would be pleasant to spend some time with you," I responded. "Just the two of us."
She thought about it for a moment, and then said, "I would like that very much."
That Friday after work, as I drove over to pick her up I was a bit nervous. When I arrived at her house, I noticed that she, too, seemed to be nervous about our date. She waited in the door with her coat on. She had curled her hair and was wearing the dress that she had worn to celebrate her last wedding anniversary. She smiled from a face that was as radiant as an Angel's. "I told my friends that I was going to go out with my son, and they were impressed," she said, as she got into the car. "They can't wait to hear about our meeting."
We went to a restaurant that, although not elegant, was very nice and cozy. My mother took my arm as if she were the First Lady. After we sat down, I had to read the menu. Her eyes could only read large print. Half way through the entries, I lifted my eyes and saw Mom sitting there staring at me. A nostalgic smile was on her lips. "It was I who used to have to read the menu when you were small," she said. "Then it's time that you relax and let me return the favor," I responded.
During the dinner, we had an agreeable conversation — nothing extraordinary but catching up on recent events of each other's life. We talked so much that we missed the movie. As we arrived at her house later, she said, "I'll go out with you again, but only if you let me invite you." I agreed.
"How was your dinner date?" Asked my wife when I got home.
"Very nice. Much more so than I could have imagined," I answered.
A few days later, my mother died of a massive heart attack. It happened so suddenly that I didn't have a chance to do anything for her. Some time later, I received an envelope with a copy of a restaurant receipt from the same place where mother and I had dined. An attached note said: "I paid this bill in advance. I wasn't sure that I could be there; but nevertheless I paid for two plates — one for you and the other for your wife. You will never know what that night meant for me."
"I love you, son."
At that moment, I understood the importance of saying in time: "I love you," and to give our loved ones the time that they deserve. Nothing in life is more important than your family. Give them the time they deserve, because these things cannot be put off till "some other time."
IV. Post-listening activity.
A. We want to show how to perform it in a particular way.
There are two main characters in this text: Mum and her Son. And now each of them will express their feelings and emotions the way they see it.
S. My wife Peggy and me have been living together for 21 years. One day she told me to take another woman out to dinner and a movie. I was very surprised because I couldn’t even think about the other one. It turned out the other woman was my mother. Unfortunately she was a widow for 19 years. It’s a pity, but the demands of my work and my three children had made it possible to visit her only occasionally. Naturally, I was glad to see my Mum. And that very evening I called my mother and invited her to go out for dinner and movie.
M. I was about going to bed but suddenly the phone rang. It scared me a little bit. I took a receiver and heard the voice of my Son.
S. Hello, Mum. How are you, my dear?
M. Fine. What’s up? Are you unwell?
S. Oh, no. I’m OK. Don’t worry.
S. (She is a bit nervous. Her voice trembles, and no wonder. The thing is that my Mum is the type of a woman who suspects that a late night call or surprise invitation is the sign of bad news. She does not like them.)
,,, Yes. Everything is fine. I think that it would be pleasant to spend some time together, you and me. Just two of us. What about going to the restaurant and then to a movie?
M. The restaurant? It’s a great idea!.( He invited me to a restaurant. I was surprised but very happy. Nothing can replace minutes and hours spent with my son. When the conversation was over I put the receiver. Of course, I couldn’t but accept the invitation.)
S. Settled. 6 p.m. Tomorrow evening
M. Bye, Son. Take care.
S. You too, Mum.
M. (I called my friends and told them I was going to dine with my Son in the restaurant They were impressed and happy about it. Then for some time I was sitting still and thinking about the
forthcoming dinner. I curled my hair and ironed my favourite dress I was going to put on.
A. The time was settled. And now they are both at the restaurant.
In the restaurant.
S. Here is the menu. Will you choose and order the dishes?
M. I’d like but. … Will you do this for me? (Of course, I could, but it is so pleasant when the Son does it instead of me. It was I who used to read the menu when he was small.)
S. OK.I’ll do it with pleasure I hope I’ll choose the dishes you like. You can relax and let me return the favour.
M. How is Peggy?
S. She is OK.
M. What about your kids?
S. Oh, children are children. They grow up, become smarter, make much noise, sometimes get bad marks, they don’t obey, put up fights, but they are so inventive, witty. They make me a great number of problems, but I am happy about them. I hope they will be good people. As Mark Twain said, “My mother had a great deal of trouble with me, but I think she enjoyed it” You had a lot of problems with me, but you enjoyed everything I did, didn’t you?
M. I have so much living to do. I need to watch my grandchildren grow up. I don’t want to miss it. You see, son, they are the part of me too.
S. Sure, you won’t miss it.
M. You know, Son, I am so happy to be here with you. Just you and me.
(We talked about everything: children, health, weather, work, just what occurred to us. Our conversation was “milk and water.” We were just beating about the bush. But I’ve got so much enjoyment, pleasure, satisfaction I never had.)
A. Now they are at home. And they are full of emotions. Listen to them.
M. The restaurant was OK. Small and cosy, wonderful music, white cloth, not so many people there - the one I like. I remember the time when we three- my husband, my son and me- used to go there, enjoyed meal and the opportunity to be together. Unfortunately, my husband died but we went going there, my son and me.
S. I told her about my trials at work and brag about the kids and Peggy. We also talked about the future. Because of health problems, my Mum worried about the days ahead, about grandchildren. We had an agreeable conversation, nothing extraordinary, but catching up on recent events of each other’s life.
A. I guess those were the most touching and unforgettable moments of their lives. Both were happy, really happy. They talked about everything and so much that they missed the movie. But the movie wasn’t an issue. When the date came to a close she told her son she would like to invite him to dine with her some day. But that day hasn’t come. They have never met again, but it has left an unforgettable impression.
A. They parted.
S. It was so wonderful.
M. It was great.
S. Nothing can replace time spent with Mum.
M. I understood what my son with all his trifles meant for me.
S. I understood what my Mum meant for me.
M. Dinner was more than I could imagine.
S.I enjoyed every minute being with my Mum.
M. Only God knows what this dinner meant for me.
S. Only God knows what this dinner meant for me.
M. Thank you, Son, for being and communicating with.
S. Sadly, to my great regret, my Mum died of a heavy heart attack.
It happened so unexpectedly. I could do nothing about it, but I received an envelope with the copy of a restaurant check from the very restaurant where I had dined with her. It said:
M. I had heart problems. My illness was incurable. So. I decided to do something special for you, my Son.
I paid this bill in advance in the same restaurant. I wasn’t sure I could be there, but nevertheless I paid for two plates-one for you and the other for your wife. You will never know what that night meant for me. I love you, son
S. At that moment I understood the importance of saying in time: “I love you” and to give our loved ones the time they deserve. Nothing in life is more important than your family. Give them the time they deserve because these things cannot be put off till “some other time». Nothing is more important than a family.
A. We do hope this story has melted our hearts and taught us to be caring, helpful and attentive to our mums. Crowing it all we want to say
The god can’t be with us all the time and he invented Mum
S. Spending time with Mum has taught me the importance of slowing down.
A. Cherish the time spent with your Mum.
M. .Cherish the time spent with your parents and don’t forget to say “I love you”
M. This touching story teaches us to treat our mums to something special before
It’s too late.
A. This story has taught us that “some day” doesn’t always come.
M. “Some day” doesn’t always come. “Act now, lest for you and your tomorrow
S. We shouldn’t waste a moment because you never know what tomorrow brings.
M. “Let us be grateful to people who make us happy; they are the charming
gardeners who make our souls blossom”
S. We forget to do such small things which have such a beautiful impact.
A. Don’t delay, do it just in time.
A. Now role - play goes on.
Occasionally you were in the same restaurant and have seen those two people. Now you feel free to express your personal opinions. What are your impressions?
Life has its funny ways...sometimes it tells us things and we put them at that end part of our schedule where they are easily forgotten...time waits for nobody...
Very moving heart-warming story
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