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Жалпы мақсаты: Оқушылардың ағылшын тілінде сөйлейтін елдердің бірі Америка Құрама Штаттары туралы білімдерін бекіту ; оның саяси жұйесі туралы жалпы мәлімет беру. Танымдық қабілеттерін, оқу, тыңдау, сөйлеу қабілеттерін дамыту, сөздік қорларын молайту. Оқу нәтижелері: Тақырыпты толық меңгереді.Жаңа ақпаратты қабылдайды. Ойлау, сөйлеу мәдениеті дамиды. Пәнге қызығушылығы, белсенділігі артады.Тақырыпқа байланысты жаңа сөздерді үйренеді Түйінді идеялар: Тақырыпты өз бетімен меңгерту. Жаңаша әдіс-тәсілдерді қолдану арқылы ойлау, сөйлеу қабілеттерін дамыту. Сабақтың түрі: Жаңа сабақ. Әдіс-тәсілдері: Топтық жұмыс, СТО стратегиялары, АҚТ-ны пайдалану, Пәнаралық байланыс: География, қазақ тілі Ресурстар: Интерактивті тақта,интернет беттерінен алынған материалдар, слайдтар.
The procedure of the lesson: I. Organization moment. Greeting. – Good afternoon, dear comrades! I’m very glad to meet you again II. Brainstorming: -Well, students, what was our last lesson about. What was the theme of our lesson? Right you are- the United States of America. And I want you to name English-speaking countries. Student1: -the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain -Thank you. And the next task is to fullfil this cluster. Please write down all what you have known about America.
III. Checking up the home task. Students, last lesson you’ve got some information about America. Now, please answer these questions: Questions: 1. Where is the US situated? 2. What are the major political parties? 3. Who is the US president now? 4. How many States are there in the country? 5. What is the US population? 6. How many states are there in the country? 7. What is the capital of the USA? 8. What is the name of american flag? 9. What are the largest cities of the USA? 10. What are the most important rivers in the country? 11. What are the famous symbols of the USA do you know? 12. What do stars an stripes on the state flag mean?
IV.Inserting new lexics T: -Now, students, we shall read the topic “The political system of the USA”. But first look at the blackboard and repeat after me new words from the text: Governor, government, legislative, executive, judicial, citizens, freedom
V. Presentation. T: - What are we going to talk about today? How do you think? Today we learn important facts about the political system of the USA. Are you ready? First of all let’s watch some slides about “The political system of the USA”
The United States is a constitution-based federal republic. Each state has its own state government and state law. This country is made up of 50 states and the independent District of Columbia.
Branches of the Government
The political system of the USA * Congress: Power of the purse Can override presidential veto (2/3 majority) Power of impeachment Senate approves treaties and the president’s appointments Supreme Court: Power to declare laws and presidential actions unconstitutional The President: Power to veto Issues executive orders Commander-in-chief Appoints Federal Judges Grants Pardons for offenses against the US The political system of the USA
The political system of the USA * Executive leading the affairs of the state Cabinet - President - Vice President - 15 ministers Legislative enacting and discussing laws Congress - House of Representatives (435) - Senate (100) Judiciary Pushing through the laws Supreme Court (=highest judicial body)
The political system of the USA * The Constitution of the United States is the framework for the organization of the United States government and for the relationship of the federal government with the states, citizens, and all people within the United States. The United States Constitution is the oldest written constitution (when defined as a single document) still in use by any nation in the world. The political system of the USA
The House of Representatives 435 members Every state is represented The members are elected every two years The Senate 100 members The period of Senator’s serving is 6 years A Senator has to be at least 30 years The legislative branch of the Government is represented by the Congress.The main function of it is law making.
The executive branch of the Government The President Vice-president The Cabinet of the President This branch is responsible for initiating and administrating laws.The President is the Head of the Cabinet and he can veto a law that the Congress has passed.The President is elected every 4 years and cannot serve more than two terms. The Vice-president of the USA is the head of the Senate.
was elected the 44th President of the United States on Tuesday, November 4, 2008 Democratic Party is the first Black Man ever elected to the highest office in the United States The political system of the USA *
The judicial branch of the Government The main function of it is applying law.The highest court of the country is the Supreme Court. When the Congress passes a law and when this law is against the Constitution,the Supreme Court may veto this law.
Supreme Court: Power to declare laws and presidential actions unconstitutional
The political system of the USA * Republican Party They believe in low taxation And little interference from the Federal Government. The encourage individuals to work hard and do not like welfare. A party for the rich and Middle Class.
The political system of the USA * Dwight Eisenhower 1953-61 Richard Nixon 1969-74 Gerard Ford 1974-77
The political system of the USA * Democratic Party Believe it is the governments duty to distribute wealth Evenly. They introduce higher taxation and welfare benefits. Their support comes from urban areas and minorities.
The political system of the USA * John F Kennedy 1961-63 Lyndon B Johnson 1963-68 Jimmy Carter 1977-81 Harry Truman1945-53
VI. Reading the text. Political System of the USA The USA is considered to be a federative republic, which presently consists of 50 states. Every state has its own governor and government. They also have their own legislative and executive entities. The head of the country is the President. And, surprisingly, he is also the commander-in-chief of the country’s Navy and Armed Forces. All people of 18 years old and above have the right to choose the President every four years. One President can be chosen only for two terms. Along with the President people can choose the Vice President. There are three consecutive branches of power in the federal government of the USA: executive, legislative and juridical. The executive branch is run by the President, not without the help of Vice President. There is also the Cabinet made up of Department Secretaries. Next is the legislative power, which is presented by Congress, and is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. All in all, there are 435 members in the House of Representatives, and 100 members in the Senate. Every state can choose two Senators. The judicial branch consists of eleven Federal Courts and the Supreme Court. The President appoints the federal judges for life term. The constitution of the country has been altered 26 times. According to the Bill of Rights, the citizens of the country have all types of individual freedom, such as freedom of speech, religion, political views and else.
VII. Answer the questions: How many branches of government are there in the country ? What are they? What is Congress made up of? How many members are there in the House of Representatives? How many members are there in the Senate? What is the highest Law in the country? Name the political parties of the USA.
VIII. Comprehension check. Say “True” or “false” T F The USA is considered to be a federative republic, which presently consists of 30 states. - - 2. The head of the country is the President. - - 3. The Constitution that the Americans have today was proclaimed in 1850. - - 4. There are three consecutive branches of power in the federal government of the USA: executive, legislative and juridical. - - 5. There are three political parties in the USA. - -
IX. Home task: to retell the topic “The political system of the USA” X. Marking students
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"The political system of the USA" тақырыбы 8-сыныптың оқу бағдарламасына енгізілген, бірақ оқулығында осы тақырып жоқ. Өзім өткізген сабақ-презентациясын қолдану үшін жариялап отырмын. Сабақтың мақсаты: оқушылардың ағылшын тілінде сөйлейтін елдердің бірі Америка Құрама Штаттары туралы білімдерін бекіту , оның саяси жұйесі туралы жалпы мәлімет беру, танымдық қабілеттерін, оқу, тыңдау, сөйлеу қабілеттерін дамыту, сөздік қорларын молайту.
Оқу нәтижелері: Тақырыпты толық меңгереді.Жаңа ақпаратты қабылдайды. Ойлау, сөйлеу мәдениеті дамиды. Пәнге қызығушылығы, белсенділігі артады.Тақырыпқа байланысты жаңа сөздерді үйренеді .
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