Инфоурок Английский язык ТестыСборник вариантов в формате ОГЭ (для работы в 8 классе)

Сборник вариантов в формате ОГЭ (для работы в 8 классе)

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Т.А.Медведева

Сборник вариантов в формате ОГЭ

(для работы в 8 классе)

Содержание

Введение ……………………………………………………………. 3

Module 1 ……………………………………………………………. 7

Module 2 …………………………………………………………... 38

Module 3 …………………………………………………………... 57

Module 4 ………………………………………………………….. 86

Module 5 …………………………………………………………. 117

Module 6 …………………………………………………………. 145

Module 7 …………………………………………………………. 165

Module 8 …………………………………………………………. 191

Задания части “Письмо” ……………………………………….. 211

Answers ………………………………………………………….. 215

Список использованной литературы …………………………. 254



















Введение

На сегодняшний день подготовка будущих выпускников к успешной сдаче выбранных ими экзаменов – одна из приоритетных целей для учителей-предметников независимо от предмета.

В некоторых учебных заведениях такая подготовка начинается уже в восьмом классе. При этом очень важно понимать и то, что готовить учащихся нужно на основе пройденного материала, а не на основе пособий по подготовке к ОГЭ, рассчитанных на выпускников 9-х классов.

Именно с этой целью и было создано данное пособие. Оно стало результатом обработки материала, предложенного авторами учебника Spotlight 8 Ю.У.Ваулиной и О.Е.Подоляко. В своем дополнительном пособии “Тренировочные упражнения в формате ОГЭ (ГИА)”, которое входит в комплект УМК к данному учебнику, авторы предложили ряд самых разных упражнений экзаменационного формата для закрепления пройденного после каждого модуля материала.

Пособие, составленное на основе сборника Ю.У.Ваулиной и О.Е.Подоляко “Тренировочные упражнения в формате ОГЭ (ГИА)”, предлагает поработать с будущими выпускниками (восьмиклассниками) уже сейчас в формате ОГЭ.

Оно включает в себя 21 рабочий вариант. Структура каждого варианта напоминает структуру экзаменационного КИМа, но имеет некоторые особенности, о которых следует рассказать немного подробнее.

В предложенных вариантах структура та же: аудирование, чтение, лексико-грамматическая часть и письмо. Но, в отличие от экзаменационного варианта, предложенный в данном пособии вариант не соблюдает точное количество баллов по всем разделам письменной части экзамена. В экзаменационном варианте схема разбалловки на каждый раздел следующая:

В общем итоге получается, что максимальный балл за письменную часть у учащихся, сдающих ОГЭ по английскому языку, составляет 55. В предлагаемом пособии эта цифра существенно отличается. Баллов может оказаться гораздо больше за счет больших по объему упражнений в лексико-грамматической части варианта. Но не это является важным для автора данного пособия при подготовке учащихся восьмых классов к сдаче будущего экзамена. Самое главное – познакомить учащихся с самим форматом заданий и в дальнейшем научить их работать с ними на том уровне, на котором они находятся в данный момент. Но если для кого-то из учителей английского языка принципиально важно посмотреть, какое количество баллов могут набрать их дети уже на данном этапе, то можно делать следующим образом: отсчитать в каждом из разделов варианта по 15 первых пунктов и на их основе составить общую картину успеха или неудачи ребенка, не беря в расчет остальные пункты.

Упражнения, взятые из “Тренировочных упражнений в формате ОГЭ (ГИА)” хороши тем, что позволяют готовить учащихся на основе пройденного материала учебника по всем разделам экзамена.

Более того, задания к разделам “Аудирование” и “Письмо” были взяты автором данного пособия с официального образовательного сайта www.fipi.ru. На это были определенные причины. Во-первых, авторы пособия “Тренировочные упражнения в формате ОГЭ (ГИА)” не включили в него раздел “Аудирование”. Без него результат выполненного варианта ОГЭ уже не является целостным показателем того, насколько успешно справляются учащиеся с подготовкой к сдаче данного предмета. Что касается заданий раздела “Письмо”, то они не были использованы из названного выше авторского пособия, потому что их намного меньше по количеству. К тому же не все задания раздела “Письмо” соответствуют формату личного письма. Но они вынесены в отдельный раздел в конце данного пособия и могут быть проработаны в индивидуальном порядке по желанию учителя.

В этом сборнике вариантов в конце включены ответы ко всем вариантам для экономии времени учителя при проверке выполненных заданий.

В отдельной папке собраны звуковые файлы для выполнения части “Аудирование”.

Сборником легко пользоваться и при самостоятельной работе. Задания по чтению и лексико-грамматическому аспекту построены в соответствии с модулями учебника Английский в фокусе для 8 класса, т.е. основаны на изучаемом в модулях лексическом и грамматическом материале. Даже если вы учитесь в школе по другим УМК, то также можете использовать это пособие. Задания сборника включают темы, единые для всех российских школ в соответствии с программами и новыми стандартами образования.

Успехов вам с Английским в фокусе!

























MODULE 1

Вариант 1

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

1. 

In a park


2. 

In a shop


3. 

In a vet clinic


4. 

In a hotel


5. 

At a party







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 


  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обознаенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.

    1. 

    The speaker talks about his/her favourite subject.

    2. 

    The speaker talks about his/her after-class activities.

    3. 

    The speaker describes his/her school classroom.

    4. 

    The speaker explains how to use the school library.

    5. 

    The speaker describes a school book exhibition.

    6. 

    The speaker explains what his/her friend is angry about.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Конец формы





Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы

 

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Начало формы

Конец формы

 


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Конец формы


3.Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3-8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Where does Kevin’s family live?


1) 

In Canada.

  

 2) 

In France.

  

 3) 

In Britain.

Конец формы

 

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Who is Kevin travelling with? 1) 

His parents.

  

 2) 

His class.

  

 3) 

On his own.

Конец формы

 

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What is Kevin’s hobby? 1) 

Tourism.

  

 2) 

Sports.

  

 3) 

Music.

Конец формы

 

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What kind of job does Kevin want to do in the future? 1) 

He wants to be in show business.

  

 2) 

He wants to be an IT engineer.

  

 3) 

He wants to be a scientist.

Конец формы

 

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What is Kevin planning to do next year? 1) 

To start university.

  

 2) 

To continue school.

  

 3) 

To travel abroad.

Конец формы

 

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What souvenirs has Kevin bought? 1) 

Pictures of the city.

  

 2) 

Printed T-shirts.

  

 3) 

Souvenir mugs.


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Конец формы

 

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Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the texts. Match the titles to the book reviews. One title is extra.



1. WHY MOSQUITOES BUZZ IN PEOPLE’S EARS

2. THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL

3. SADAKO AND A THOUSAND PAPER CRANES

4. THE BUTTER BATTLE BOOK

5. THE GREAT PEACE MARCH

6. THE BIG BOOK FOR PEACE



A. The Yooks and the Zooks live in neighboring communities divided by a wall and by a custom. The Yooks eat their bread with the butter side up and the Zooks eat their bread with the butter side down! This difference causes dislike, distrust, and finally hatred. With classic simplicity and wonderfully creative language, characters, and illustrations, Dr Seuss explains how small differences can grow into larger disagreements that, in turn, can escalate into potential destruction. This book makes its point clearly for all ages, and all ages will respond to its message and its cleverness.

B. The book addresses the many kinds of peace needed in today’s world, as described on its jacket: “Peace among people living in different lands but also among next-door neighbours. Harmony among people of different races - and among sisters and brothers. Understanding among those separated by their beliefs - and those separated by generations.” The book stresses the give and take of friendship, the avoidance of misunderstandings between individuals and groups, and peaceful avenues to bring about social change.

C. A “little lie” becomes a rumor that leads to panic, which results in accidental death and has shattering consequences for the whole earth. The animals in this jungle parable (притча) are called to a meeting, where each has a turn to explain his or her actions. By the end, it becomes clear that no one meant harm because the animals have the opportunity to hear different perspectives. But the mosquito who began the whole chain of events, hides from the meeting and never presents his case. His guilty conscience leads to his own punishment.

D. The 12-year-old Japanese girl became a heroine to children in Japan and throughout the world for her spirited fight against leukemia caused by atomic radiation after the bombing of Hiroshima. This story emphasizes her spirit and courage as she tried to fold a thousand paper cranes (журавли) in the belief that this would bring her health. When the girl died before she could finish the task, the children in her class finished it for her. Making cranes has become an annual ritual throughout Japan and internationally, in order to remember the human cost of war and to stress the need for peace.

E. This remarkable work by a young teenage Jewish girl, written while hiding in Amsterdam from the occupying Nazi army, has had a dramatic effect since its first printing. The fact that we know that she died in a concentration camp makes this beautifully written, optimistic, and humanist work even more emotionally stirring. The Holocaust of World War II, as well as the millions of deaths caused by wars since then, provides the reason for students to solve the problem of violence. A Picture Book by Anne Frank helps the students understand why Anne was hiding, and what happened to her and millions, like her, once her family was captured.





  1. Read the text and mark the statements true (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Social Etiquette in the UK

There are no strict etiquette rules that you have to stick to when in the UK. It is advisable, however, to demonstrate decent manners and respect to the local culture and traditions. The first, and most important step is to be aware of the clearly distinct nations which form the UK. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The citizens of any of these countries may be referred to as “British”. When certain of heritage, you are free to call the different residents as follows: English, Scot, Welsh or Irish.

When first meeting a Brit, he or she may seem reserved and cold, but that is just an impression. In reality, they are very friendly and helpful to foreigners.

A handshake is the most common form of greeting, but try to avoid prolonged eye contact, as it may make people feel ill at ease. British people are not very keen on displaying affection in public. Hugging, kissing and touching are usually reserved for family members and very close friends. You should also avoid talking loudly in public or going to extremes with hand gestures during the course of communication. Do not stand too close to another person or put your arm around someone’s shoulder.

The British often use expressions such as “drop in anytime” and “come see me soon”. However, do not take these literally. To be on the safe side, always telephone before visiting someone at home. If you receive a written invitation to an event that says “RSVP”, you should respond to the sender as soon as possible, whether you are going to attend or not.

British people are very strict when it comes to punctuality. In Britain people make a great effort to arrive on time, so it is considered impolite to be late, even by few minutes. If you are delayed, be sure to inform the person you are meeting.

  1. Before going to the UK you should learn the customs

and traditions of the four countries it consists of. _____

2. Any citizen of the UK can be called a ‘Brit’. _____

3. Great Britain includes England, Wales, Scotland

and Northern Ireland. _____

4. Hugging is a typical way to greet foreigners in the UK. _____

5. It is a false impression that the British are unfriendly

to newcomers. _____

6. For successful communication in the UK you should

learn a special body language. _____

7. The British like some personal space during

the course of communication. _____

8. When introduced to foreigners the British usually

look at the new person for a long time. _____

9. After you are introduced to a British person you can

call on him/her any time. _____

10. The British are very punctual people and expect

others to be the same. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

Dining and Entertaining

The British enjoy (1) ___ at home. Guests should be ENTERTAIN

punctual, though it (2)____ considered rude to be five BE

or ten minutes late. Guests also should sit down when

they (3)____ to. Table manners are Continental, i.e. INVITE

the fork (4)____ in the left hand and the knife in the HOLD

right while (5)____ . When through with a meal, the EAT

British lay their fork and knife parallel across their plate.

People (6) ____ out with a group of British friends DINE

should (7)____ to toast before the meal if it’s formal; PREPARE

at a pub, though, they (8)____ to pay for a round of EXPECT

drinks for everyone. If (9)____ to a meal at a restau- INVITE

rant, the person extending the invitation usually pays.

(10)____ about the check! NOT ARGUE





  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Etiquette

(1)____ etiquette dictates that when invited to CULTURE

someone’s home, you should bring a small gift for

the (2)____ . Feel free to express your gratitude with HOST

a note or a telephone call. It is important to respect

the (3)______desire for (4)___ . RITAIN/PRIVATE

Don’t ask (5) ____ questions about family back- PERSON

ground and origin, profession, marital status, political

(6 ) ___ or money issues. It is considered extremely PREFER

(7) ___ to violate a queue, so never push ahead in a POLITE

line. When it comes to clothes, there are no (8) ____ RESTRICT

on how to dress. Men and women wear wools and

tweeds for casual occasions. Do not wear a blazer to

work - it is country or (9)___ wear. On (10)___ ENDWEEK/FORM

occasions, always select an outfit that fits the dress

code. When attending a holiday dinner or (11) _____ CULTURE event, such as a concert or theatre (12) ____ , it is PERFORM

best to dress (13) ____ . FORMAL



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I am going to a new school. I have a new class and new teachers. I find everything all right.

What school do you go to? … Do you like your school? … Do you have friends at school?

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Вариант 2

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

1. 

On an excursion


2. 

At the airport


3. 

In a classroom


4. 

In a restaurant


5. 

On board a ship







Начало формы


Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обознаенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


1. 

The speaker describes the school sports facilities.

2. 

The speaker describes his/her school library.

3. 

The speaker describes his/her schoolmates.

4. 

The speaker explains why he/she had to change school.

5. 

The speaker explains why he/she was late for school.

6. 

The speaker talks about his/her favourite school subject.

Начало формы



Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

Начало формы

Конец формы


Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Nora

1) 

is having a birthday party tonight.

  

 2) 

had a birthday party some time ago.

  

 3) 

is going to have a birthday party later.

Конец формы

 

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Nora 1) 

has passed her Maths exam.

  

 2) 

has failed her Maths exam.

  

 3) 

is going to take her Maths exam later.

Конец формы

 

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Nora 1) 

has chosen her future career already.

  

 2) 

is choosing between two careers at the moment.

  

 3) 

has no idea what to do in the future.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Next year Nora is going to 1) 

start working.

  

 2) 

enter university.

  

 3) 

continue her school education.

Конец формы

 

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In the summer Nora wants to 1) 

go to Italy.

  

 2) 

go to France.

  

 3) 

stay at home.

Конец формы

 

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Nora can speak 1) 

Italian and French.

  

 2) 

Spanish and French.

  

 3) 

Spanish and Italian.

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Конец формы

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text and match the titles to each step. One title is extra.

a. Take responsibility

b. Brainstorm solutions

c. Cool off

d. Affirm, forgive, or thank

e. Remember what your partner says

f. Tell what’s bothering you using “I messages.”



Five Steps for Resolving Conflicts

Conflicts can actually lead to increased understanding and creative thinking. It’s how we deal with conflict that determines the outcome. Beyond that, conflict resolution skills can improve relationships and deepen understanding.

Step 1:

Conflicts can’t be solved in the face of hot emotions. Take a step back, breathe deep, and gain some emotional distance before trying to talk things out.

Take a moment to think of ten things that make you feel better when you’re hot under the collar. Consider some of the following: breathing deeply while making a calm statement, looking at the sky, clearing your desk, splashing cold water on the face or taking a quick walk.

Step 2:

By starting our sentences with “I” we take responsibility for the way we perceive the problem, “I-messages” are a tool for expressing how we feel without attacking or blaming.

This is in sharp contrast to “you-messages” which put others on the defensive and close doors to communication. A statement like ‘You’ve left the kitchen a mess again! Can’t you ever clean up after yourself?” will escalate the conflict. Now take a look at how differently an “I-message” comes across: “I’m annoyed because I thought we agreed you’d clean up the kitchen after using it. What happened?”

Step 3:

In the majority of conflicts, both parties have some degree of responsibility. However, most of us try to blame rather than look at our own role in the problem. When we take responsibility we shift the conflict into an entirely different gear, one where resolution is possible.

Step 4:

Resolving conflicts is a creative act. There are many solutions to a single problem. The key is a willingness to look for compromises. Kindergarten teacher Connie Long describes how her students started having fewer conflicts when they learned how to brainstorm solutions: “My kids were constantly getting into arguments over crayons, erasers, toys. After introducing peacemaking my students started finding ways to solve the problem instead of just getting stuck in their own positions.”

Step 5:

A handshake, hug, or a kind word gives closure to the conflicts. Forgiveness is the highest form of closure. Just saying thank you at the end of a conflict, or praising the person for working things out sends a message of conciliation (примирение) and gratitude. We preserve our relationships this way, strengthening our connections and working through.

2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Etiquette is protocol, rules of behaviour that you memorise. Manners demonstrate socially acceptable behaviour, of course, but also much more than that. They are an expression of how you treat others when you care about them, their self-esteem (самоуважение), and their feelings.

Early North American etiquette books claimed that the manners and customs of the “Best Society” could be imitated by all. But some authors stated that the lower classes, meaning those “whose experience in life has been a hardening process,” in fact, treated the rules of etiquette with “contempt and ... a sneer.” Modern etiquette books do not use the concept of “best society”, but rather define etiquette as a set of guidelines that “help steer our behaviour as we move through our daily routines” and that can help deal with “the pressures of modern life which make it all the more difficult to stay civil.” This change is reflected in the content of etiquette books; etiquette books published in the early 20th century had detailed advice on the treatment of servants, the formal dinner parties, and the behavior of a debutante; more modern books are likely to emphasise the importance of respecting people of all classes, races, and ethnic backgrounds. Etiquette writers are sure that etiquette rules serve to make life more pleasant.

1. The knowledge of etiquette rules helps to get to the upper society. _____

2. Etiquette dictates certain rules of behavior in a number of situations. _____

3. Etiquette exists only for the upper society. _____

4. Old American etiquette books were only for the rich. _____

5. The working people don’t need to study etiquette rules. _____

6. Modern etiquette books give advice to everybody how to act correctly and politely in certain situations. _____

7. A special section of any etiquette book gives advice how to behave towards servants. _____

8. Etiquette books are important to study. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

When (1) ____ a Russian, male or female, for the MEET

(2) ___ time, shake hands (3) _____ while retain- ONE/FIRM

ing eye contact. (4) ____ away can be considered LOOK

rude and indifferent. (5) ____ should wait for a MAN

woman to offer her hand first. Do not shake hands

over a threshold; enter the room first, then shake

hands. Russians (6) ____ introduce each other COMMON

through a (7) ____ person, rather than (8) _____ THREE/DIRECT

introducing themselves. Russians familiar with each

other (9) ____ one another with hugs and, among GREET

(10) ____ , three kisses on the cheeks, as a non­ WOMAN

native, (11) ____ familiarity; wait for your NOT ASSUME

Russian acquaintances (12) ____ the lead. TAKE



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

For hundreds of years human beings have been

(1) ____ on other people for their (2) _____ . DEPEND/SURVIVE

When we lived in tribes of (3) ____ and (4) ____ , HUNT/GATHER

if your social group didn’t accept you - you died. Nowadays

if your peers don’t accept you, it doesn’t mean a

slow (5) ____ death but it hurts. You are anxious to STARVE

be part of the social group. However, if you can over­

come your (6) ____ , your life will be made much ANXIOUS

richer by its human (7) ____ , and you will find your- INHABIT

self wondering why you were so shy to begin with.

Science may tell us we are born either (8) ____ and OUT GO

extroverted or more (9) ____ and shy, but there are RESERVE

ways for introverts to become more sociable and join

in the party with all the extroverts.



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

We’ve moved house and now I have to go to a new school. It’s a pity because I liked my old school and I had a lot of friends there. Now I feel a bit lonely but I hope to find some friends here too….

What do you like most about your school? Have you got a lot of friends at school? What do you usually do with your school friends in your free time?

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



Вариант 3

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

1. 

On board a plane


2. 

At home


3. 

In the theatre


4. 

At a railway station


5. 

In a restaurant







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


1. 

The speaker talks about his/her recent trip.

2. 

The speaker describes the hotel room.

3. 

The speaker talks about his/her travelling plans.

4. 

The speaker explains why he/she likes travelling.

5. 

The speaker talks about his/her favourite transport.

6. 

The speaker talks about his/her job responsibilities.



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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Конец формы

 

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Начало формы

Конец формы

 

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Конец формы



  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

 

Frank is going to miss the party because he feels unwell.

  

 2) 

it’s his grandmother’s birthday.

  

 3) 

his grandmother is visiting him.

Конец формы

 

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Kate is against going to the pizzeria because she’s afraid of putting on weight.

  

 2) 

she dislikes pizza.

  

 3) 

the pizzeria is too far away.

Конец формы

 

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Kate ignores sports.

  

 2) 

does sport regularly.

  

 3) 

watches sports on TV.

Конец формы

 

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Frank’s dog is a nice little puppy.

  

 2) 

a large and powerful dog.

  

 3) 

an old and clever dog.

Конец формы

 

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Frank walks his dog once a day.

  

 2) 

twice a day.

  

 3) 

three times a day.

Конец формы

 

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Kate and Frank agree to meet near the park.

  

 2) 

near Kate’s house.

  

 3) 

at the bus stop.

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Конец формы

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Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the texts and match them to the problems they help to solve. One problem is extra.

1. THE WIFE MAKES HER HUSBAND FURIOUS BY BEING LATE

2. THE PHONE RULES THE LIFE OF THE TEEN

3. A THREE-YEAR-OLD BOY ALWAYS DISOBEYS HIS OTHER

4. KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN FIGHT OVER TOYS

5. THE TEEN SPENDS ALL HIS TIME ONLINE FORGETTING ABOUT HIS HOMEWORK

6. THE TEN-YEAR-OLD BOY CAN’T COPE WITH HIS SMALL BROTHER

Subliminal Perception (Подсознательное восприятие)

A. Ronnie and Jamie both grabbed the yellow truck; the teacher took them aside and asked if they could come up with five ways to solve the problem. They thought about it and then suggested taking turns, sharing, getting another truck from the toy chest, doing a different activity, and building a truck together out of Legos. This is the kind of thinking the teacher is seeing more and more. Brainstorming has opened her children’s mind to new possibilities.

B. At the sound of his angry voice, I usually responded defensively, and then we were on our way to an ugly confrontation. But this time I walked away for a few minutes, took some deep breaths, and when I walked back into the room I was able to hear him out. Bill told me that he was so frustrated at having to wait for me whenever we went out. He also spoke about punctuality as something he highly valued. I suddenly realised he was right. It was then that I apologised. My husband ended up giving me a hug and thanking me.

C. The boy started cutting off the ribbons on the helium balloons. His brother was furious! Instead of going after the little one, the boy went upstairs, cooled off, and came back when he felt calmer. He gave him an “I-message”: “I’m really upset about what you did to my balloons. You wouldn’t like it if I did that to something of yours!” He said it in such a respectful way that his brother was shocked. He said, “I’m really sorry. Would you help me fix them?”

D. In the past, the fiery look in my son’s eyes would put me right over the edge. It would lead to a screaming quarrel, marking the beginning of a very bad day. Now I breathe deeply, make a calming statement, and remind myself not to yell. I use “I-messages” too. “You-messages” tend to make him angry. For example, if he refuses to dress I might say, “I’ll put your clothes right here. As soon as you’re dressed you can have breakfast with us.” It’s working.

E. The mother: ‘You’re so selfish! If you don’t turn it off now, I’ll rip it out of your hands.” Jenny: ‘You don’t want me to have friends. I hate you!” When parents fight with kids, behavior can go from bad to worse. Each fight damages good feelings and makes the next fight more likely. Parents shouldn’t use negative labels, e.g. selfish, lazy, irresponsible. Decide ahead what the rules are, e.g. ‘No cell phone at dinner’. Speak in a quiet, low-pitched voice. Stop the behaviour before things get worse. After the first warning, Mom should take the cell phone away. Leave the room when tempers rise.



2. Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 1017 соответствуют содержанию текста (1  True), какие не соответствуют (2  False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3  Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.


Christmas Tree Memories

My name is Ted. I grew up in the 50s, but my childhood memories are still alive. The most pleasant of them is the family Christmas tree. Besides my mum and dad, there were five children in the family. We all took part in decorating the Christmas tree, one way or another. It was a special time for me as dad took us for a trip to the winter forest.

The experience was special as only boys were allowed to go to the countryside to pick out the tree. At the age of five I felt proud to be in a man’s adventure. I remember walking through the forest with dad looking for the perfect, large tree. We had a tall ceiling in the living room, so a small tree did not look right there.

At the age of five, even a small tree seemed great to me. To measure a tree I raised my hands above my head and looked up. If I could reach the top of the tree I thought it was big enough. Dad, however, always chose the perfect tree very carefully.

Once he had made his choice, he took out an axe to cut down the tree. I wanted to help my dad and brothers, but they always told me to stand back. When the cutting began, I tried to hold the tree up. I was afraid the tree would fall on them and I felt strong enough to hold it.

After the tree was down we took it to the car and went back home. I don’t remember how we got that large tree through the door, but it was always right. Then dad got the tree to stand up and we could start the decorating. The tree, the boxes with decorations and a tall ladder took up the whole room.

All the family took part as mum gave everyone a task. I had to pass the decorations. What I liked best about the Christmas tree were the lights. When everybody else had left I stayed in the room and watched the lights travelling up and down the Christmas tree.

Dad had one more special job that day. Mum took her favourite ornament, a lighted angel, which she had got as a present from her family. Dad climbed up the ladder and fixed the angel at the top of the Christmas tree. When I looked at the angel, I thought Santa was close to my house.

Everyone, and the decorated shining tree, was ready to celebrate Christmas. It was so big that it nearly touched the ceiling. I felt I was a small part of a big adventure. The last few years we lived in that house the trips to the forest with dad ceased. We bought an artificial tree instead.

 

Ted’s family had a tradition of decorating the Christmas tree together.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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When Ted’s father went to choose their Christmas tree, Ted stayed at home.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Ted’s family lived in a small town.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Ted’s father always chose a tall tree for Christmas.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Ted’s mother preferred the Christmas decorations created by her children.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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A lighted angel was Ted’s favourite Christmas decoration.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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There was a star on the top of the Christmas tree in Ted’s house.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Finally the family stopped having a live Christmas tree.

 1) 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Avoiding Conflict Altogether

Rather than discussing problems in a calm, (1) ____ RESPECT

manner, some people just don’t say anything to their

partner until they’re ready to explode, and then blurt

it out in an angry, (2) ____ way. This seems to be the HURT

less (3) ____ way - avoiding an (4) ____ , but STRESS/ARGUE

(5) ____ it causes more stress to both parties as USUAL

(6) ____ rise, resentments fester, and a much bigger TENSE

argument eventually results. It’s much healthier to

address and resolve conflict. Assertive (7)___ can COMMUNICATE

(8) ____ your relationships, reducing stress from STRENGTH

conflict. Situation: ‘Your friend has shown up twenty

minutes late for a lunch date.” Inappropriate: ‘You’re

so rude! You’re always late.” Assertive (9) ____ : COMMUNICATE

We were supposed to meet at 11:30, but now it’s 11:50.”



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Believe in yourself

This is the most important part of (1) ____ your OVERCOME

(2) ____ ; you have to believe that who you are is SHY

worth (3) ____ and (4) _____ with the world. If you KNOW/SHARE

are convinced you are a (5) ____ and (6) _____ BORE/INTEREST

person, you will be. If, on the other hand, you are cer­

tain that you have something to give the world and

have big plans on the horizon, I have but one thing

to say to you: “Hey, how’s it going?” (7) ____ of the TIRE

same old (8) ____ lines? We’ve all heard them, and OPEN

they can sometimes be a real turn-off. But since

you never get a second chance to make a first

(9) ___ , what’s said in those first few moments is IMPRESS

as important as it often is tongue-tied. A great way

to start a conversation in almost any situation is to

ask questions. You can use the weather, your situ­

ation, or a request you may have, such as asking

for (10) ____ . Break the ice by making a comment DIRECT

or (11) ____, often followed by a question. This STATE

technique works especially well when you’re with a

group of people sharing a similar experience. You

can also make comments about your (12) ____ . SURROUND



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I am so fond of Japanese cartoons that I’ve decided to learn Japanese. Mum says it’s hard, but I think it’s worth it. Besides, their writing is cool! …

What languages do you learn at school? What other language would you like to learn, why? What do you think about my choice of Japanese? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



MODULE 2

Вариант 4

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

1. 

At the Doctor’s


2. 

In a shop


3. 

In a classroom


4. 

In a museum


5. 

In a swimming pool







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



1. 

The speaker describes his/her room.


2. 

The speaker describes the area where he/she lives.


3. 

The speaker talks about unusual houses.


4. 

The speaker talks about a local tourist attraction.


5. 

The speaker explains how to get to the city centre.


6. 

The speaker explains why he/she likes the city life.


Говорящий

A

B

C

D

E


утверждение








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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Конец формы

 Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

 

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Конец формы



  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

 

Jim was late to school because he got up too late.

  

 2) 

had a talk with someone.

  

 3) 

missed his bus.

Конец формы

 

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Last night Jim was watching a film.

  

 2) 

was playing on his computer.

  

 3) 

was writing a school project.

Конец формы

 

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After classes Jim and Kelly are going to a library.

  

 2) 

a café.

  

 3) 

Jim’s house.

Конец формы

 

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Jim is the only child in the family.

  

 2) 

has at least one brother.

  

 3) 

has at least one sister.

Конец формы

 

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Jim and Kelly are going to search for the information for their project on the Internet.

  

 2) 

in books.

  

 3) 

in journals.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Jim asks Kelly  to advise him on his further education .

  

 2) 

to help him choose the topic for the essay.

  

 3) 

to correct his mistakes in the essay.

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Конец формы

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Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the texts. Match the titles to the descriptions of national

food. One title is extra.

1. FOOD AS A WEAPON

2. SPICES AND HERBS MAKE THE DISH

3. FOR MEAT LOVERS

4. MANDI AS AWAY OF COOKING MEAT

5. A PINCH OF PEPPER

6. MULTINATIONAL DISH

A. Beef bulgogi (fire meat) is a dish of thinly sliced meat marinated in a mixture of soy sauce, sesame oil, garlic, onions, ginger, sugar, and wine and then grilled. It is often eaten wrapped in lettuce or spinach leaves and accompanied by kimchi (fermented vegetable pickle). Many Korean restaurants have miniature barbecues embedded in tables where diners grill the meat themselves.

B. In this episode of cooking video series, Chef David Kamen demonstrates a recipe for Doro Wett (chicken stew). This classic dish, popular in both Ethiopian homes and restaurants, is full of the spices that give Ethiopian cooking its characteristic rich flavour. In fact, spices are so important to Ethiopian cuisine and culture that a common insult in Ethiopia is ‘Ya wen alecha, ’ which means a person ‘has no pepper’.

C. Lumpia is Filipino spring rolls that are popular both in their native country and in Filipino communities around the world. Lumpia can be served as an appetiser, a snack, or a light meal with rice alongside. There’s even a movie called Lumpia, made by a Filipino-American director. The film captures the culture of California Filipino-American teens: an avenging hero armed with fried lumpia as his weapons fights off bullies.

D. Nasi Goreng is a mixture of rice, chicken, shrimp, and seasonings. This dish demonstrates the complex heritage of the Indonesian islands, which have been colonized by many different countries. Rice, the main ingredient, was introduced by sailors from India. The technique of stirfrying came from the Chinese, who explored the islands in the fourth century. Chiles were brought by the Portuguese and the accompaniment of hard-boiled eggs is a legacy of Dutch traders from the colonial era.

E. Nasi lemak is a Malay word that literally means ‘fatty rice’. The name comes from the cooking process whereby rice is soaked in coconut cream and then the mixture is steamed. Spices such as ginger and herbs like lemon grass may be added for additional fragrance. Traditionally, this comes wrapped in banana leaf, with cucumber slices, small dried anchovies, roasted peanuts, hard boiled egg and hot spicy sauce.

2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

History of the Rouble

The rouble (or ruble) has been the currency in Russia for 500 years. The name ‘rouble’ is thought to come from the Russian for ‘chop’, literally referring to the way a section was cut off a silver ingot (слиток), each section had a different value according to its weight.

Since December 2013 the official symbol for the Ruble is now P, the Cyrillic letter P with a single added horizontal stroke, though the abbreviation ‘руб’ is in wide use.

In 1710 the rouble was first divided into kopeks, 100 of which made up a rouble. Ten roubles are sometimes referred to as chervonets. Historically, it was the name for the first Russian three-rouble gold coin issued for general circulation in 1701. The current meaning comes from the Soviet golden chervonets issued in 1923. All these names are no longer in use, however.

In the 18th century half a kopek or a single kopek were made from copper, while five kopeks up to 50 kopeks and one rouble coins were made fromsilver. Five rouble coins were originally made from gold.

After the Russian civil war, silver was used for lower value coins with gold chervonets minted in 1923. In 1961 new materials such as aluminium and bronze were introduced, along with nickel and zinc.

Between 1769 and 1917 there were only Imperial issued bank notes, or assignats. After 1917 the provisional government issued bank notes, called kerenki. Soon after, in 1918 state credit notes were issued, followed by currency notes the following year.

1. Russian rouble has a long history. _____

2. Several centuries ago one of the tsars introduced rouble

as Russian currency. _____

3. In old times only merchants used roubles. _____

4. The symbol of the rouble is double “P”. _____

5. In the 18th century rouble was divided into kopeks. _____

6. The names are still used when shopping. _____

7. Gold, silver and bronze are used to make coins nowadays. _____

8. Banknotes appeared in the Soviet period for the first time. _____

Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Shopping Online

Finding a product online is much (1) ____ than EASY

(2) ____ for it in the local store. You can search any LOOK

product (3) ____ by using the search engine feature EASY

of an online shopping website. But in store you have

(4) ___ for it until you (5)___ it. This is how you LOOK/FIND

can save some valuable time. Many people hate

(6) ____ a product in the corners of a shop and SEARCH

stand in the line for (7) ____ the price. Shopping PAY

from the local store becomes (8) ____ time con­ MUCH

suming and expensive if you (9)___ your own car. HAVE NOT

You can solve all the above problems just by shop­

ping online. If you (10) ____ a product then you can FIND NOT

switch to a new shopping website without (11) ____ WASTE

your time. On the other hand if you do not find any

product in the store you sometimes (12) ____ to buy FORCE

a (13) ____ thing from the local store. If you BAD

(14) ____ the price of a product from an online shop, LIKE NOT

you will (15) ____ to another online store to look for SWITCH

(16) ____ prices. CHEAP



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from capitalized words.

Most regular (1) ____ of Listverse know that I am a READ

food (2) ____ . It started as a child watching my fa- FAN

mily members baking on the weekends, and led me to

try to teach myself (3) ____ cuisine. (4)_____, FRANCE/RECENT

I have been on a (5) ____ food kick. I have tried to KOREA

select a dish that is (6)_____ the main food of each country TRUE

but some may (7) ____. Please use the (8)____ AGREE/COMMENT

to mention your other (9) ____ dishes from each nation FAVOUR

here. Borshch is a soup of (10) ____ origin, that is UKRAINE

popular in many (11)___ and Central (12) ____. EAST/EUROPE

countries. It is made with beetroot as the main ingre­

dient, giving it a deep reddish-purple colour. The

soup began its (13) ____ from vegetables, con- EXIST

sumed throughout the winter months. One of the pri­

mary vegetables of the Slavic diet during the winter

months was beet. Hence, the recipe turned into what

is (14) ____ known of as a beet soup. TRADITION





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I am a bit sad because I have just quarreled with my mum. I didn’t want to wash the dishes and make my bed because there was an interesting film on TV…

Do you think children should help their parents with the housework, why/why not? What do you do about the house? What do you usually do in your free time? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



Вариант 5

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At home

2. 

In a museum

3. 

In an art lesson

4. 

In a shop

5. 

At the airport







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker describes his/her family tradition.

2. 

The speaker describes his/her family business.

3. 

The speaker talks about his/her family legend.

4. 

The speaker says that he/she misses his/her family very much.

5. 

The speaker explains why he/she would like to have a large family.

6. 

The speaker talks about family problems and conflicts.



Начало формы

Конец формы

 


Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы

 

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Конец формы



  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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Mia and her friends are arranging a party because they want to celebrate the beginning of a new school year.

  

 2) 

they want to help the new students feel comfortable in class.

  

 3) 

they usually have parties every Saturday.

Конец формы

 

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Mia believes that it will be great if everyone puts on a mask.

  

 2) 

brings some pizza.

  

 3) 

makes a new dress.

Конец формы

 

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In Paris Mia spent most of her time visiting her relatives.

  

 2) 

learning languages.

  

 3) 

sightseeing.

Конец формы

 

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Mia spent the rest of the summer in her home town.

  

 2) 

in the country.

  

 3) 

at the seaside.

Конец формы

 

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According to the conversation, last summer was colder than usual.

  

 2) 

hotter than usual.

  

 3) 

near normal.

Конец формы

 

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Mia’s new hobby is photography.

  

 2) 

collecting posters.

  

 3) 

cooking.

Конец формы



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Конец формы

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.

1. PIONEER IN SUBLIMINAL RESEARCH

2. MAKING SHOPPERS BUY MORE

3. BRAINWASHED BY MUSIC

4. SUBCONSCIOUS INFLUENCE ON THE BRAIN

5. SUBLIMINAL TECHNIQUES MANIPULATING THE BEHAVIOUR

Subliminal Perception (подсознательное восприятие)

A. Subliminal perception is a process created by communication technicians. It means that you receive and respond to information and instructions without knowing it. Messages in the form of printed words, pictures or voices are presented very fast so they bypass your consciousness (сознание). Anything that you take in consciously (сознательно) can be evaluated, criticised, discussed, argued, and possibly rejected. Subliminal messages meet no resistance. The subliminal information is stored in your brain and can influence your views, behaviour and attitudes.

B. Subliminal techniques in print media have been used in the United States since the World War I. On June 22, 1956, the British Broadcasting Corporation experimented with subliminal images on television. Pictures were shown on the screen too quickly to be seen consciously, but they made an impression on the subconscious. In 1958, radio station Seattle’s KOL broadcast hardly audible messages “below” the music played by its disc jockeys. “How about a cup of coffee?” was one, and “Someone’s at the door” was the other.

C. Subliminal messages are prepared by teams of psychologists who change the thinking patterns and behaviour of the listener or viewer. Numerous scientific researches proved that subliminal messaging works. When advertising industry and government agencies understood the potential of subliminal messaging they started investing millions in developing and perfecting subliminal techniques, which can be used not only for marketing, but also for propaganda and mind control. For example, supermarkets across the country are reducing theft from 50 to 30 per cent by broadcasting subliminal messages such as “I will not steal” and “We are watching you”.

D. Traditional advertising and subliminal messaging have more in common than most people think. Effective advertising requires repetition, so that the consumer remembers a brand name when he goes to the shop. Subliminal messages are as effective as advertising. The most known experiment with subliminal messaging was conducted by a marketing researcher and psychologist James Vicary in 1957 during the presentation of the movie Picnic. Every 5 seconds the words “Hungry? Eat popcorn. Drink Coca Cola" were projected for 0.003 seconds. That is extremely fast. So companies can use tactics that affect the psyche to improve sales.





2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated

(NS).

GUM

Not every store has such a long and rich history as The Upper Trading Stalls, the present GUM in Moscow. The glass roof designed by the famous engineer V. Shukhov makes its architecture unique. Stretching a quarter of a kilometer along the Kremlin wall, GUM encloses Red Square from the East and its architecture suits the Kremlin and the History museum. At the end of the 19th century, the Upper Trading Stalls played a great role; this huge trading passage was responsible for the country’s economic life. Passage in architecture is a type of trading or business building, where shops or offices are located at the sides of the broad aisle with glassy surfaces. That place, where GUM is situated now, was city’s trading center for a long time.

In 1815, a new building of the Upper Trading Stalls following the project of the architect О. I. Bovet was built. The construction was divided between the private owners. No one could persuade them to carry out repairs. The building came to ruin. Only in 1893 the new Upper Trading Stalls were built by A. Pomerantsev. The stalls became the prototype of the modern European trading centers, where people not only traded, but also organised exhibitions and concerts. In May 1891, G. Brokar, being an owner of a rich collection of paintings, rare books and antiques, started exhibiting them in specially rented halls of the Upper Trading Stalls. Since 1985 musical evenings were held in the stalls.

People came to the Upper Trading Stalls not only for shopping. They walked there, spent time watching goods, and had fun. They could sit in a restaurant or cafe, write and send a letter or telegram at the local post office, talk on the phone, resolve financial matters in the bank department, buy tickets to any Moscow theatre, have a rest in the lounge. The stalls organised concerts for visitors, where famous people were invited.

GUM goes on developing. GUM today is not just a leisure center or a store, it is an art space.


1. GUM is a famous store situated close to Red Square. _____

2. The front entrance faces the Kremlin. _____

3. In old times it was a famous market. _____

4. The first building was designed

at the end of the 19th century. _____

5. The government refused to finance

the reconstruction when it came to ruin. _____

6. The new building by Pomerantsev

was turned into an art gallery. _____

7. Since the end of the 19th century GUM

has been a great trading and leisure centre. _____

8. Many designers at home and abroad

took architecture of GUM as a model. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


Interesting Facts about the United States One Dollar Bill

(1)____ you ever_____ a long, hard look at the TAKE

United States one dollar bill? With the (2) ____ RISE

costs of food and gas and everything else, it’s

about the only bill I ever (3)____ in my wallet. The LEAVE

one dollar bill (4)____ more than a just a piece of BE

(5)____ paper that buy you a strawberry sundae at PRINT

McDonald’s, or a scented candle at the local dollar

store. The one dollar bill ($1.00) is the (6) ____ de- SMALL

nomination of paper money in the United States.

It’s also the (7) ____ . George Washington, the COMMON

(8)____ United States president, (9) ____ on the ONE/SPOTLIGHT

front of the bill since 1869 when it (10)____ still a BE

United States Note. An interesting fact about the

United States one dollar bill is, the likeness of

Washington (11) ____ from a 1795 painting COME

(12)____ by Gilbert Stuart. On the reverse side of DO

the one dollar bill is the Great Seal of the United

States. You (13) ____ that a one dollar bill (14) ___ NOTICE/FEEL

strong but (15)____ than paper. This is due to the SOFT

fact that it (16)____ of the same material as paper. NOT MAKE

The predominate materials (17) ____ in the making USE

of a dollar bill are cotton, linen and wood fibers.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.


The World’s Most Popular Snack

Kids’ (1) ____ way to eat popcorn is by shooting it FAVOUR

into the mouth. Of course, it’s rather (2) ____ and MESS

can be (3)____ . The engineers from Indiana came FRUSTRATE

up with an (4)___ (5)____. The machine is called ORIGIN/SOLVE

the Popinator and it looks like any (6)____ popcorn NORM

(7) ___. The (8) ___ of this gadget will change the MAKE/INVENT

way people consume the most popular snack. All the

(9) ____ has to do is fill up the Popinator with pop- USE

corn, sit back and say ‘pop’. On hearing that magic

word the microphone system will detect the

(10 ) ____ the sound came from and shoot a piece DIRECT

of popcorn right into the person’s mouth.

Each popcorn kernel is a (11) ____ size and DIFFER

(12)____ , the piece may not land right inside the WEIGH

mouth which makes the whole exercise more fun!

The snack company says the Popinator is for now just

a project and that its (13) ____ are having fun with. EMPLOY





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

My cat is getting old. But he’s still able to jump on the fridge and he likes to watch Mum making dinner for him. And he is so cool: big, white and furry! He is such fun! I can’t understand people who prefer to live without pets…

Why don’t some people want to have any pets? Do you approve of keeping exotic pets like spiders or snakes, why? What pets are popular in your country? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



MODULE 3

Вариант 6

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At the beach

2. 

In a café

3. 

In a street

4. 

At the Doctor’s

5. 

At the airport







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker describes how the career centre for teenagers works.

2. 

The speaker says that languages are important for his/her future career.

3. 

The speaker talks about his/her family business.

4. 

The speaker explains what helped him/her make a career choice.

5. 

The speaker believes his/her career choice was wrong.

6. 

The speaker approves of working students.


Начало формы

Конец формы

 

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


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Конец формы

 

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Конец формы



  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

Tom’s family is moving house because
Tom’s father has to work at another place.

  

 2) 

Tom wants to change his school.

  

 3) 

Tom’s mother wants to move.

Конец формы

 

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In comparison with Tom’s current school, the new school provides worse entertainment opportunities.

  

 2) 

education opportunities.

  

 3) 

sports opportunities.

Конец формы

 

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Tom has already chosen his future career.

  

 2) 

will follow his parents’ advice on career choice.

  

 3) 

wants to put off a career choice decision.

Конец формы

 

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Robby is the name of Tom’s brother.

  

 2) 

Tom’s dog.

  

 3) 

Tom’s cat.

Конец формы

 

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At the moment Tom is going to the shop to buy some fresh fruit.

  

 2) 

souvenirs.

  

 3) 

pet food.

Конец формы

 

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Tomorrow Tom is going to pack things.

  

 2) 

have a party.

  

 3) 

play baseball.

Конец формы


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Конец формы

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the texts. Match the sciences to the inventions. One science is extra.

1. PHYSICS

2. BIOLOGY

3. SPACE TECHNOLOGY

4. CHEMISTRY

5. MATHS

6. MEDICINE


A. Pasteur once said, “Chance favours the prepared mind.” That’s the genius behind all the accidental inventions - the scientists were prepared. In 1856 William Perkin, an English scientist (1838-1907), was trying to come up with artificial quinine (хинин). Instead of a malaria treatment, his experiments produced a thick dark mess. But the more he looked at it, the more Perkin saw a beautiful colour in his mess. He had made the first synthetic dye. His dye was far better than any dyes that came from nature; the color was brighter and didn’t fade or wash out. His discovery also made his science attractive for a whole generation of curious-minded people. But the story is not over yet. One of the people inspired by Perkin’s work was the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich, who used Perkin’s dyes in immunology and chemotherapy.

B. Jonas Salk (1914-1995) was an American research physician who formulated a vaccine against the devastating disease polio. Poliomyelitis, also called infantile paralysis, had crippled thousands of children during an epidemic that hit the world during the 1940’s and 1950’s, it is estimated that one of every 5,000 people (mostly children) fell victim to polio. Some victims were totally paralysed and needed to live in “iron lungs” (a large apparatus that helped the patient breathe). Salk developed his vaccine in 1947, while working at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School. The vaccine was made from killed polio virus. In 1955, after many trials of the new vaccine, the vaccine was made public, and put an end to the polio epidemic. When Salk died, he had been working on a vaccine for the AIDS virus.

C. Among the latest inventions, it is important to mention that scientists at the University of Chicago have found a way to allow magnetic sensors operate at the high temperatures, a really useful invention for ceramic engines in automobiles and aircraft of the future. To construct the sensors, the scientists required the material, named indium antimonide, highly appreciated for its purity. The operation of the majority of magnetic sensors is based on detecting how a magnetic field changes an electron’s path. Commonly used sensors are not able to operate at high temperatures, reaching hundreds of degrees. The indium antimonide magnetosensors are developed to function at such temperatures without any degradation.

D. Luther Burbank, a famous American (1849 - 1926), developed more than 800 varieties of plants over his 55-year career. Burbank’s varied creations included fruits, flowers, grains, grasses, and vegetables. He developed a spineless cactus useful for cattle-feed. Burbank’s most successful varieties include the Shasta daisy, the Fire poppy, the July Elberta peach, the Santa Rosa plum, the Flaming Gold nectarine, the Wickson plum, the Freestone peach, and the white blackberry. A natural genetic variant of the Burbank potato with russet-colored skin later became known as the Russet Burbank potato. This large, brown-skinned, white-fleshed potato has become the world’s predominant potato in food processing. His over 800 varieties have been used around the world to increase the food supply.

E. Many products have been developed as a result of space exploration and space travel, for example thermal gloves and boots. These gloves and boots have heating elements that run on rechargeable batteries worn on the inside wrist of the gloves or embedded in the sole of the ski boot. This technology was adapted from a spacesuit design for the Apollo astronauts. Lunar gloves and boots were designed for the rigors (суровости) of exploring, and the gloves for adjusting sensitive instruments. They were constructed for thermal and abrasion protection. Silicone rubber was used to give a degree of sensitivity and “feel”.




2. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

The Guinness Book of Records


A. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records is a reference book published annually, containing a collection of world records, both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The Guinness Book of Records was first published on 27 August 1955 and in fifty years it sold more than a hundred million copies.

B. On an unknown date in November 1951, Sir Hugh Beaver (1890-1967) was out shooting. That evening it was realised that it was not possible to confirm in reference books whether or not the golden plover (ржанка) was Europe’s fastest game bird. It occurred to Sir Hugh, managing director of the Guinness Breweries, that there must be numerous other questions debated in Britain and in Ireland, but there was no reference book with which to settle arguments about records. He realised then that a book supplying the answers to this sort of question might prove popular.

C. On 12 September 1954, Sir Hugh invited the twins Norris and Ross McWhirter to see if their agency in London could help. After founding the Guinness Book of Records at 107 Fleet Street, London, the first 197-page edition came out on 27 August 1955 and went to the top of the British bestseller lists by Christmas. The McWhirters continued to publish it for many years. Both brothers had an encyclopedic memory – on the TV series Record Breakers, based upon the book, they were asked questions by children in the audience on various world records and could usually give the correct answer.

D. Recent editions have focused on record feats (подвиги) by human competitors. Competitions range from obvious ones such as weightlifting to the longest egg tossing distance. Besides records about competitions, the book contains such facts as the most poisonous plant, the shortest river, the longest-running drama in the USA, etc. Many records also relate to the youngest person who achieved something.

E. In 2005, Guinness designated 9 November as International Guinness World Records Day to encourage breaking world records. For many records, Guinness World Records is the effective authority on the exact requirements for them. Guinness World Records sells about 3.5 million copies a year in twenty-three languages in a hundred countries.


1. The Guinness Book of Records was named

after the famous brewery. _____

2. The Guinness Book of Records is more

than sixty years old. _____

3. Sir Beaver wanted to publish

a reference book of all world birds. _____

4. Sir Beaver hired a special agency

to publish the book of records. _____

5. The Guinness Book of Records contains

only unusual natural phenomena. _____

6. Not long ago the International Guinness

World Records museum was founded. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


A Coffee Powered Vehicle?


We all know that coffee can get humans active,

but powering a car? However, it successfully

(1) ____, on February, 19th, 2013. The DEMONSTRATIVE

(2) ___ pickup was able to exceed 65 mph, MODIFY

the (3)____ land speed (4)_____ by a car running FAST/ACHIEVE

on gas using organic waste. Not (5) ____ , SURPRISE

it immediately (6)_____ into the Guinness World INCLUDE

Records. Impressed? You (7 ) ____ even more BE

so, when you (8)____ out that this is not the FIND

(9 ) ____ time the engineer Martin Bacon ONE

(10) ___ a coffee powered vehicle worthy of a BUILD

world record. In 2010, he and his team

(11) ____ modified a 1988 Volkswagen Scirocco POWER

and (12)___ it for about 209 miles all the way DRIVE

from London to Manchester - the (13) _____ LONG

drive ever (14)____ , by an espresso powered UNDERTAKE

vehicle! Of course, Martin is not the first person

(15) ____ of a food-powered car. In 2009, researchers THINK

from Warwick University (16)____ a DESIGN

Formula 3 (17) ____ car that ran on chocolate RACE

extract. The entire car (18 ) ____ from BUILD

(19) ____ materials. RECYCLE




2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.


Benjamin Franklin

While best-known as the (1) ____ father of the FOUND

Untied States of America, Benjamin Franklin was

also a (2)__ , an (3)__and a (4) __who WRITE/ INVENT/SCIENCE

was responsible for the (5)____ of many essen- ESTABLISH

tial (6)____ that we take for granted today. In SERVE

1726 he founded the Pennsylvania Gazette, which

soon became a (7)____ newspaper. It was his LEAD

(8)____ of a series of Almanacs under the name CREATE

Poor Richard that made him (9) ____ and FAME

(10)____ enough to leave the business at the WEALTH

age of 42 and pursue his other interests! Always

fascinated with electricity, Franklin invented the

lightning rod (громоотвод). His passion for music

led him to the (11)____ of an instrument called INVENT

the glass harmonica. Franklin is also responsible

for the (12) ____ of the first fire brigade and es- ORGANISE

tablishing the (13) ____ public library and general NATION

hospital.



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Sometimes I hate our school radio because they talk about things everyone knows. And news should be fresh! One day I will be a reporter and will show them how to produce really good news…

How do you get to know what’s happening in the world? What are you going to be? Do you think English will be necessary for your future career, why? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



















Вариант 7

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In the cinema

2. 

At the airport

3. 

In a travel agency

4. 

In a restaurant

5. 

In a hotel







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 


  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker describes their local music festival.

2. 

The speaker says that he/she has taken up a new hobby.

3. 

The speaker describes his/her musical instrument.

4. 

The speaker explains what kind of music he/she likes.

5. 

The speaker explains his/her career choice.

6. 

The speaker talks about his/her plans for the weekend.

Начало формы

Конец формы

 


Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Начало формы

Конец формы

Начало формыКонец формы


  1. Вы услышите разговор студента и администратора языковой школы. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

a bad student.

  

 2) 

a bright student.

  

 3) 

an average student.

Конец формы

 

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Dan is staying in a students hostel.

  

 2) 

with a host family.

  

 3) 

with his friend’s family.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Dan usually eats out in the city restaurants.

  

 2) 

has meals in the school cafeteria.

  

 3) 

cooks his meals himself.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

When going to the cinema, Dan prefers cartoons.

  

 2) 

action films.

  

 3) 

comedies.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

During the course Dan swims quite regularly.

  

 2) 

gives up all the sport.

  

 3) 

exercises in the gym.

Конец формы

 

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Tomorrow afternoon Dan is going on an excursion.

  

 2) 

to the airport.

  

 3) 

to the school party.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.


1. THE MAKINGS OF A BUSINESSMAN

2. SCHOOLING

3. MARRIED LIFE

4. A GREAT RESEARCHER

5. AMERICAN GENIUS

6. HEALTH PROBLEMS


Thomas Alva Edison

A. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. He was one of the first inventors who applied the principles of mass production and teamwork to the process of invention. He created the first industrial research laboratory. He had a great number of patents in the USA, the UK, France, and Germany.

B. Thomas Edison was born in Ohio, and grew up in Michigan. He was the seventh child. In school, the young Edison’s mind often wandered, and his teacher called him “addled” (испорченный). This ended Edison’s three months of official schooling. Edison recalled later: “My mother made me. She was so true, so sure of me; and I felt I had something to live for, someone I must not disappoint.” His mother taught him at home. Much of his education came from reading R.G. Parker’s School of Natural Philosophy.

C. Edison developed hearing problems at an early age. The cause of his deafness was scarlet fever during childhood but his story was different: a train conductor struck his ears when his chemical laboratory in a boxcar (товарный вагон) caught fire. Later he used to say the injury had occurred when the conductor, in helping him onto a moving train, lifted him by the ears. However, the injury didn’t keep him from research.

D. His family wasn’t rich. Edison sold candy and newspapers on trains running from Port Huron to Detroit, and sold vegetables. He also studied qualitative analysis, and conducted chemical experiments on the train until an accident made further work of the kind impossible. Edison got the exclusive right to sell newspapers on the road, and, with the aid of four assistants, he set and printed the Grand Trunk Herald, which he sold with his other papers. Thus he discovered his talents as a businessman. These talents eventually led him to found 14 companies, including General Electric, which is still one of the largest companies in the world.

E. The invention that first gained him notice was the phonograph in 1877. This accomplishment was so unexpected it seemed almost magical. After his demonstration of the telegraph, Edison sold it to Western Union that gave him a chance to set up the company Menlo Park with the specific purpose of producing constant technological innovation and improvement. Edison was legally attributed with most of the inventions produced there, though many employees carried out research and development under his direction. His patents included inventions or processes that are electrical, mechanical, or chemical in nature.



2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

A True Magician

While most magicians who do money tricks make coins or bills vanish, Stuart Edge does the opposite. He 'magically' transforms $1 USD bills into $100 USD. The icing on the cake? The lucky participants keep the money, which does not change back to its original value!

It all begins with Edge showing both a $1 USD bill and a $100 USD bill to the person he is playing the trick on. He then places the folded bills inside the person’s hand and asks him or her to make a fist. Edge then ‘magically’ proceeds to pull out the $100 USD bill from the fist, while leaving the dollar bill intact.

Then begins the cool part. Edge explains to the person that the $1 USD and $ 100 USD bills can be switched if he/she really wishes it to. To seal the deal, the magician and the other party bump fists. Then, they both uncurl their fingers and voila! Edge is holding the dollar bill, while his counterpart has the $100 USD!

Like all magic tricks this one too is an illusion - the $100 USD bills are real - part of the $1,000 USD that Edge withdrew from his personal savings account to help people in need. Edge has remained tight-lipped about how the trick works, simply saying “it’s magic.”

In order to make sure that the people who participated really needed the money, Edge spent six hours in his neighbourhood streets to look for people that needed it the most. Among them was a single mother struggling to pay rent, a talented guitar player facing some hard times and, an elderly couple that had lost their home.

Edge asked the person who had just participated in the trick to give back in the future when he or she was able to. Besides being a skillful magician, Edge is also a YouTube star. The video depicting his money trick has gathered almost two million views since it was uploaded a few weeks ago.

Edge hopes that other people will also follow his example and be generous to people in need.


1. Money tricks are very popular with people. ____

2. Stuart Edge plays tricks to cheat people. ____

3. Stuart Edge is a caring person who likes helping people. ____

4. Nobody can repeat Stuart Edge’s trick. ____

5. Stuart Edge chooses only young people for his tricks. ____

6. The participants of the trick keep their

one-dollar banknotes. ____

7. Stuart Edge hands out his own money to poor people. ____

8. Stuart Edge performs the trick to become

famous via You Tube. ____




Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

The Cell Phone

In this day and age, when we depend on our cell

phones for everything - from (1) ____ to COMMUNICATE

(2)____ photos to even (3)_____ games - it is TAKE/PLAY

hard (4) ____ life without one. Yet, it was only 40 IMAGINE

years ago on April 3rd, 1973, that the Motorola

Vice President Martin Cooper, (5) ____ onto a STEP

New York City sidewalk and (6) ____ the first MAKE

(7 ) ___ cell phone call in history. What’s even KNOW

(8) ___ is that it (9) ___ another ten years for AMAZE/TAKE

the company (10)____ the first commercial cell INTRODUCE

phone to the market. As you may (11) ____ the GUESS

DynaTAC 8000X was nothing like the cool

phones that are available today. Nicknamed

The Brick’ , it was about a foot tall, (12) ____ WEIGH

2.5 pounds and (13) ____ 3,995 USD. Also, it COST

could (14) ___ for only about 35 minutes after USE

which, it had (15) ____ for 10 hours! And that CHARGE

was a good thing too because each voice call

(16) ___ 40 cents a minute at peak hours and COST

24 cents a minute at off-peak hours!



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Martin Luther King

During his short but (1) ____ life as preacher EFFECT

and civil rights (2) ____ , Martin Luther King Jr. LEAD

gave many (3) ____ . The greatest was the one SPEAK

he delivered in 1963 while standing on the steps

of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.

Over 250,000 people, rich and poor, black and

white, had gathered there. They staged a (4)____ PEACE

protest against the (5)____ , DESCRIMINATE

(6) ____ and the economic (7) ____ suffered by EMPLOY/EQUAL

African Americans a century after the Emancipation

Proclamation that ended (8) ____ . The SLAVE

(9) ____ listened attentively as the (10) ____ PROTEST/SPEAK

talked about the various issues. Martin Luther

King Jr. was the last to speak. As usual, he delivered

a (11) ____ speech for about 15 minutes. PASSION

Then, just as the crowd thought he was winding

down, he uttered the (12) ____ words that ring INSPIRE

true in everyone’s ears till today: ‘I have a dream

that my four little children will one day live in a nation

where they will not be judged by the colour of

their skin but by the content o f their character. I

have a dream... ’ He finished his address with the

(13)____ sentence: “Free at last! Free at last! FAME

Thank God Almighty. We are free at last!”



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I can’t imagine my life without my computer and the Internet! Now I can write all my stories and immediately send them to my friends to read...

What do you use your computer for? How much time do you spend working on your computer? What else do you do in your free time? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.







Вариант 8

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a swimming pool

2. 

In a street

3. 

In a travel agency

4. 

In a hotel

5. 

On a bus excursion







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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



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  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker talks about an animal care organization.

2. 

The speaker believes environmental education is very important.

3. 

The speaker is against keeping exotic animals as pets.

4. 

The speaker explains how to protect exotic animals.

5. 

The speaker says that common animals are disappearing.

6. 

The speaker talks about health reasons for keeping pets.


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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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  1. Вы услышите разговор студента языковой школы и хозяйки дома, в котором он живет. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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too early.

  

 2) 

too late.

  

 3) 

exactly on time.

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Max's school is located in the park.

  

 2) 

near the library.

  

 3) 

in the city centre.

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In class Max’s classmates speak only English.

  

 2) 

their native languages.

  

 3) 

Max’s native language.

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Max's school has computers in every classroom.

  

 2) 

has a special computer room.

  

 3) 

is a computer-free zone.

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Max is disappointed with school cafeteria food.

  

 2) 

library facilities.

  

 3) 

sports facilities.

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In the evening Max is going to go to a party.

  

 2) 

do his homework.

  

 3) 

walk around the city.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.


1. MODERN VERSIONS

2. THE DAYTO MARK RECORDS

3. THE ORIGIN OF THE NAME

4. A COLLECTION OF RECORDS

5. THE TALENTED BROTHERS

6. THE BEGINNINGS


The Guinness Book of Records

A. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records is a reference book published annually, containing a collection of world records, both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The Guinness Book of Records was first published on 27 August 1955 and in fifty years it sold more than a hundred million copies.

B. On an unknown date in November 1951, Sir Hugh Beaver (1890-1967) was out shooting. That evening it was realised that it was not possible to confirm in reference books whether or not the golden plover (ржанка) was Europe’s fastest game bird. It occurred to Sir Hugh, managing director of the Guinness Breweries, that there must be numerous other questions debated in Britain and in Ireland, but there was no reference book with which to settle arguments about records. He realised then that a book supplying the answers to this sort of question might prove popular.

C. On 12 September 1954, Sir Hugh invited the twins Norris and Ross McWhirter to see if their agency in London could help. After founding the Guinness Book of Records at 107 Fleet Street, London, the first 197-page edition came out on 27 August 1955 and went to the top of the British bestseller lists by Christmas. The McWhirters continued to publish it for many years. Both brothers had an encyclopedic memory – on the TV series Record Breakers, based upon the book, they were asked questions by children in the audience on various world records and could usually give the correct answer.

D. Recent editions have focused on record feats (подвиги) by human competitors. Competitions range from obvious ones such as weightlifting to the longest egg tossing distance. Besides records about competitions, the book contains such facts as the most poisonous plant, the shortest river, the longest-running drama in the USA, etc. Many records also relate to the youngest person who achieved something.

E. In 2005, Guinness designated 9 November as International Guinness World Records Day to encourage breaking world records. For many records, Guinness World Records is the effective authority on the exact requirements for them. Guinness World Records sells about 3.5 million copies a year in twenty-three languages in a hundred countries.



  1. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


The Invention of the Airplane

A. The inventors of the first airplane were Orville and Wilbur Wright. On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers made the first successful experiment in which a machine carrying a man rose by its own power and flew naturally and at even speed, then landed without damage. Before the first airplane was invented by the Wright Brothers, inventors made numerous attempts to make things like birds and fly. These early inventions included kites, hot air balloons, airships, gliders, and other devices.

B. The Chinese invented the kite that could fly in the air. That made people think about flying. Kites were used by the Chinese in religious ceremonies. Some kites were used to test weather conditions. For many centuries, humans had tried to fly just like birds and had studied the flight of birds. Wings made of feathers or light wood were attached to arms to test their ability to fly. The results were often disastrous as the muscles of the human arms are not like birds’ and cannot move with the strength of a bird.

C. Leonardo da Vinci made the first real studies of flight in the 1480’s. He had over 100 drawings that illustrated his theories on bird and mechanical flight. The drawings illustrated the wings and tails of birds, ideas for man carrying machines, and devices for testing wings. It was only a design that Leonardo da Vinci created to show how man could fly. The modern helicopter is based on this concept.

D. The brothers, Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier, were inventors of the first hot air balloon. They used the smoke from a fire to blow hot air into a silk bag. The silk bag was attached to a basket. The hot air then rose and allowed the balloon to be lighter-than-air. In 1783, the first passengers in the colorful balloon were a sheep, rooster and duck. It climbed to a height of about 6,000 feet and travelled more than one mile. After this first success, the brothers began to send men up in hot air balloons.

E. Orville and Wilbur Wright were very persistent (настойчивый) in their desire for flight. First, they spent many years learning about all the early developments of flight. The early engine that they used generated almost 12 horsepower.

The “Flyer” lifted from level ground to the north of Big Kill Devil Hill, at 10:35 a.m., on December 17, 1903. Orville piloted the plane which weighed six hundred and five pounds (275 kilograms). Humankind was now able to fly!


1. The inventors of the airplane made

the first flight themselves. _____

2. Before their invention people could fly on a kite. _____

3. The Chinese invented kites first of all for fun. _____

4. When people began to use feathers

for wings they could really fly. _____

5. Leonardo da Vinci was the first to invent the plane. _____

6. Leonardo da Vinci’s experiment to fly was successful. _____

7. The invention of the hot air balloon realised

people’s dream to fly. _____

8. The talented Wright brothers didn’t need

any special literature to make their first plane. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 19.

I come from England but now I live permanently in

Québec, Canada. When my parents (1) _______ BRING

me to Canada, I was fifteen. It was the winter

and I (2) ______ by the amount of snow there. I asked IMPRESS

my new friends what they usually (3) ________ for DO

entertainment in such a cold climate. Their answer was

simple, “In winter (4) _______ and adults go skiing and CHILD

skating.” Before arriving in Canada I had never tried

skating and my Canadian ice experience was really painful.

To start with, it took (5) _____ half an hour to put on the I

skates. I (6) _______ how to move so my new friends NOT/KNOW

showed me some basic techniques. However, when I

was left alone on the ice, I (7) _______ over immediately. FALL

When I opened my eyes, my new friends were standing

around. They weren’t laughing, they looked

worried. 
“Are you OK?” they asked. 

Fine,” I said, “I wish I (8) _____ skate as easily CAN

as you do.” 
“You definitely will,” they smiled. And they were right.

By the end of my (9) _____ winter in Canada, I felt ONE

confident on the ice. More than that, I found out that

skating was a really exciting activity! 



  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.


(1)____ is Intelligence Having Fun CREATE


Einstein’s radical (2) ____ resulted in numerous THINK

important (3) ____ . One of them is the theory DISCOVER

of (4) ___ , which states that everything except RELATIVE

light travels at (5)____ speeds depending DIFFER

on (6)___ (7) ___ . Another one is the DIFFER/SITUATE


photoelectrical effect, which not only won him

the Nobel Prize in 1922, but also, led to the

( 8 ) ____ of the television. However, his most INVENT

important theory was thinking up the (9)____ SCIENCE

formula: E (energy) = M (mass) C2 (speed of

light). It led to the (10) ____ of the atomic DEVELOP

bomb, for when an atom is split, mass changes

to energy. Like many geniuses, Einstein was a

little eccentric - for how else can you explain

his (11) ____ to donate his brain to science? DECIDE





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

and then she gave me a present: two tickets to the theatre. It was a great performance and the actors were wonderful. I am not a theatre goer but even I was impressed. …

Do you think it’s exciting to be a famous actor, why? When did you last see a theatrical performance? What do you like to do in your free time? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.







MODULE 4

Вариант 9

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a street

2. 

At home

3. 

On a beach

4. 

At a stadium

5. 

At the zoo







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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



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  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about


shopping for a present.

2. 

how to arrange a birthday party.

3. 

making a birthday cake.

4. 

his/her favourite café.

5. 

his/her childhood dream.

6. 

a family birthday celebration.



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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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Nora lives close to the zoo.

  

 2) 

the park.

  

 3) 

the stadium.

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Nora is interested in sports.

  

 2) 

theatre.

  

 3) 

science.

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To enter the zoo Simon and Nora paid the full ticket price.

  

 2) 

paid a discount ticket price.

  

 3) 

had free tickets.

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Nora and Simon are going to have lunch before visiting the zoo.

  

 2) 

while visiting the zoo.

  

 3) 

after visiting the zoo.

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In the cafe Nora and Simon are going to have a meat salad.

  

 2) 

a fish soup.

  

 3) 

a vegetarian pizza.

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Out of the wild animals, Nora is most fond of monkeys.

  

 2) 

tigers.

  

 3) 

dolphins.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text. Match the titles to the tips. One title is extra.

Nine Tips to Building Self-Esteem


1. DO SOMETHING THAT SCARES YOU AND SOMETHING YOU ARE GOOD AT

2. SOCIALISE

3. START SMALL

4. SET GOALS

5. IMAGINE THE PERSON YOU’D LIKE TO BE

6. SMILE MORE

In order to build your self-esteem, you must establish yourself as the master of your own life. Every single minute of your life is a moment you can change for the better. Start with the smallest or the most important task. The following are tips to help build higher self-esteem.

A. Start with something you can do immediately and easily. When we start with small successes, we build momentum (импульс, толчок) to get more confidence in our abilities. What are some small actions you can take immediately to demonstrate that you can achieve goals you’ve set for yourself? For example, clean your desk, organise your papers, or wash the dishes as you promised your Mum. Become your own personal cheerleader. Don’t be afraid to celebrate even your smallest successes.

В. Use the power of your imagination. Create an image of yourself as the confident and self-assured person you want to become. When you are this person, how will you feel? How will others perceive you? What will your body language look like? How will you talk? See these clearly in your mind’s eye, with your eyes closed. Practise doing this for 10 minutes every morning. After that write a description of this person and all the attributes you’ve observed.

С. Get out of the house or set up a hangover with a friend. Socialising with others will give us opportunities to connect with other people, and practise our communication and interpersonal skills. Try to find opportunities to demonstrate your skills and abilities. Try to spend more time with those you hold near and dear. At the same time, try to enlarge your social circle by making an effort to meet people.

D. Ask yourself what you fear, and search within yourself for ways you can cope with these worries and fears. As with all skills, we get better with practice and repetition. The more often we actively do things that scare us, the less scary these situations will seem, and eventually we will get rid of that fear. What are you especially good at or enjoy doing? Regularly doing things that you are good at strengthens your belief in your abilities. Make a list of things you enjoy doing. Do at least one thing that you enjoy every day, and remind yourself that you deserve it. Give yourself permission to feel proud of your talents.

E. Beginning the inner dialogue about who you are and what you have to offer the world is an important process in building self-esteem. According to some research, 80% of people say they don’t have goals. And the people who regularly write down their goals earn nine times more over their lifetime as people who don’t. By setting clear goals, you have a clear target of where you want to be. When you take action towards that goal, you’ll build more confidence and self-esteem in your abilities to follow through.

(to be continued)

2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Being Left-Handed

One out of every ten people walking down the street is left-handed. Everywhere they go left-handed people come across tools that were designed for right-handed people. From scissors to hockey sticks to baseball gloves, lefties learn early that they need to develop skills to live in a world designed for right-handed people.

If you are a right-handed person, try this experiment sometime: grab scissors with your left hand and try cutting a piece of paper. Don’t be surprised if the experience feels extremely awkward.

Thankfully, there are companies today that make left-handed scissors and other left-handed tools. But often left-handed people find themselves in a situation where they have no choice but to use something designed for right-handed people.

In past ages, society was not sympathetic to left-handed people. Young students who preferred using their left hand to write were punished for doing so. Some of these students eventually learned to write with their right hand, but only after enormous effort.

These days parents and teachers are far more accepting and understanding. In almost every school in the world students who are left-handed are allowed to continue using their left hand to write.

For a long time medical researchers have tried to find out why people are left-handed or right-handed. The researchers have concluded that left-handed people are left-handed for the same reason as brown-eyed people have brown eyes. It’s just one of those things that show up in one out of every ten people.

A really interesting question is whether there is any connection between left-handed people and creative genius. Most creative minds have been left-handed.

In the category of art, both Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were left-handed. In the category of music, Ludwig van Beethoven was left-handed.

In the field of science and invention, you find Benjamin Franklin, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein. In the field of motion pictures, there was Charlie Chaplin. Musical geniuses Bob Dylan, Paul McCartney, and Wynton Marsalis are left-handed too.

Each of these people had or has a very exceptional mind, they were great in their field. So even though it may be more difficult for a left-handed person to live in a right-handed world, lefties can know that they are in good company. Beethoven and Einstein had it tough, too.


1. About 10 per cent of people in the world are left-handed. _____

2. There have always been industries

to produce special tools for left-handed. _____

3. There are special shops for lefties

in every big city of the world. _____

4. In the last century schools didn’t support

left-handed students. _____

5. It has always been a big stress for left-handed

students to be made to write with their right hand. _____

6. The problems of the left-handed

have been studied for a long time. _____

7. There were a lot of left-handed people among the world

great artists and musicians, but none among scientists. _____

8. Left-handed teenagers often ask for help

and advice about their problems. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form

of the capitalized words.

Levi’s Blue Jeans

Do you enjoy (1) ____ Levi’s blue jeans? Blue WEAR

jeans (2) _____ popular all over the world, but do BECOME

you know how they got started? Levi Strauss

(3 ) ____ in Germany in the mid 1800’s and BE BORN

(4 ) ___ to the United States as a young man. EMIGRATE

He lived in New York City and (5) ____ the dry goods LEARN

(галантерея) business for several years.

In 1853 he moved to San Francisco (California,

USA) and soon (6) ____ as a very successful RECOGNISE

businessman. Many of (7) ____ customers LEVI STRAUSS

were cowboys and miners. They needed strong

and durable (прочный) clothing. Strauss

(8)____ a special fabric from France that was FIND

comfortable and (9) ____ a long time. It LAST

(10)____ serge de Nimes, which (11)_____ to CALL/SHORTEN

the word denim. Another man (12) _____Jacob NAME

Davis (13) ____ large amounts of the denim BUY

fabric from Levi Strauss. He was a tailor who

made pants for hard-working men. One of his

customers was continually tearing the pockets

off his pants. So Jacob Davis decided to put rivets

(заклёпки) on certain parts of the pants

(14)____ them (15)_____. The customer loved MAKE/STRONG

the new pants so much that he told all his

friends, and soon Jacob Davis was busy making

lots of pants with rivets. Jacob Davis soon realised

that (16)____ rivets was a great business USE

idea, and he didn’t want anybody (17)____ that STEAL

idea. But he didn't have enough money to pay

for the patent. So he went to the businessman

Levi Strauss and told him his idea. He said, “ If

you (18)____ to pay for the patent, we AGREE

(19)____ the profits from the riveted pants.” SHARE

Levi Strauss agreed, and the new riveted pants

business (20)____ Levi Strauss and Company. CALL

Today Levi’s jeans (21)____ more popular than BE

ever, and Levi’s name continues to live on.”



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.


Different Opinions about Dress Codes and Uniforms

I must (1) ____ with the (2 ) ____ that school AGREE/STATE

uniforms do not help students. I am a (3) ____ CANADA

going to a public school and I wear a uniform.

All schools with uniforms show (4 ) ____ grades IMPROVE

in every level. Why do you think 80% of private

schools use some type of uniforms? (5) ____ STUDY

have shown that students that wear uniforms

get better grades. I (6)____ believe that uni- FIRM

forms make a (7)____ in grades, discipline, DIFFERENT

and the way we look. Also, it is (8) ____ better FINANCE

for our parents. (Shalini Singh, Canada)

Lots of people say that school uniform takes

away our (9) ____ . INDIVIDUAL

I (10 ) ____ agree, but there is more to it. The COMPLETE

school board is the one who decides on the uniforms.

I think, this is (11) ____ . We spend most FAIR

of our day at school. We are the ones who

(12)____ grow up there, and we are the ones PRACTICE

who will have to wear uniforms, and yet we can’t

decide if we want them. (13) ____ say that TEACH

clothes make a (14)____ in school, so uni- DISTRACT

forms will be better to decrease this. But it’s not

true! Comfort is a big issue, and uniforms just

make it harder to find brands that are

( 15)____ . (Torrey Benson, US) COMFORT



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Oh, my friend is so charming! Everybody in the class is ready to help her. But, you know, I sometimes think she’s just using people to get what she wants…

What kind of person is your best friend? When and where did you meet? How do you spend time together?…

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Вариант 10

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At a post office

2. 

On an excursion

3. 

At home

4. 

In a library

5. 

In a classroom







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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


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  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about

his/her favourite shop.

2. 

expensive trends for teenagers.

3. 

his/her favourite colours for clothes.

4. 

clothes popular with teenagers.

5. 

his/her friend’s shopping habits.

6. 

his/her fashion hobby.

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Конец формы

 


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Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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winter.

  

 2) 

spring.

  

 3) 

summer.

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Monica gave Tom a box of sweets.

  

 2) 

a pair of sunglasses.

  

 3) 

a baseball cap.

Конец формы

 

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Tom’s sister is younger than Tom.

  

 2) 

older than Tom.

  

 3) 

exactly the same age.

Конец формы

 

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Next year Tom is going to start university.

  

 2) 

start working.

  

 3) 

continue school.

Конец формы

 

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Tom’s mother works as an artist.

  

 2) 

a driver.

  

 3) 

an economist.

Конец формы

 

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The birthday cake for Tom has been made by his mother.

  

 2) 

his grandmother.

  

 3) 

a professional cook.



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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text. Match the titles to the tips. One title is extra.


Nine Tips to Building Self-Esteem (continued)

1. Create a Plan and Get Motivated

2. Get Compliments

3. No More Comparisons

4. Share your Plan

5. Help Others Feel Good About Themselves


A. Help somebody or teach them something. When you help other people feel better about themselves and like themselves more, it makes you feel good about yourself. See what you can do to make others feel good - maybe giving them a compliment, helping them with something or telling them what you admire about them. Say a few kind words to your neighbour. Smile at someone who looks sad. When you know you’re kind to the people around you, and are making a positive difference in other people’s lives, you’ll know that you are a positive force in the world - it will add to your self-esteem.

В. It’s not enough just to have a goal. Decide on your action steps. One of the biggest reasons people get lazy is because they don’t have a plan to achieve their goals. When you’re baking a cake, it’s a lot easier to follow a set of clear instructions, than randomly (наугад) throw ingredients together. To get motivated to follow your plan read something inspirational, talk to someone who can uplift your spirits, who can motivate you to become a better person, to live more consciously, and to take active steps towards creating a better life for ourselves and our families.

С. Go and find a friend or a family member and ask them “What do you like about me?” “What are my strengths?” We often value other people’s opinions more than our own. Hearing from another person our strengths and positive qualities helps to build a more positive image of ourselves. Accept compliments gracefully. Take it to heart and respond positively. “Thank you” and a smile works well. Talking to friends and family can be very useful in further defining who you are and what you have to offer the world. But remember that the most important conversation you have about self-esteem is with yourself.

D. Stop comparing yourself to other people. Avoid paying too much attention to the happiness and well-being of others and too little to your own. Low self-esteem comes from the feeling of being inferior (низший, стоящий ниже). For example, if you were the only person in the world, do you think you could have low self-esteem? Self-esteem only comes into the picture when there are other people around us and we think that we are inferior. Don’t worry about what your neighbour is doing. Begin immediately with the smallest step forward.



2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

The Debate

Their parents had promised the twins a pet for their twelfth birthday. The only limitation was that it had to be a pet. Singular. That meant the twins had to agree on what kind of pet to get.

Making a Decision

For weeks, Louisa and Duncan researched pets on their own. They spent hours looking at pet photos online and talking to their friends about the types of pets they owned. Duncan’s best friend suggested a dog, but his cousin suggested an iguana. Louisa’s friends told her to get a parrot. The same cousin told her to get an iguana too.

Finally, each had made a decision. Duncan wanted an iguana, and Louisa decided on a cat. They both went to their parents with the decision. But their father reminded them of the agreement. They did not have to convince their parents but each other.

Convincing the Other

The night before they were to go to the pet store the debate began. Duncan opened by stating how iguanas were easy to care for. Remembering Louisa’s obsession with dinosaurs the summer before, Duncan suggested that iguanas were basically just smaller dinosaurs. Louisa said that iguanas were not fun pets because they did not do anything. A cat, she argued, could be held and would play with them.

Of course you would want a cat. All girls want a cat,” Duncan replied.

That is unfair. None of my girl friends even has cats. They all told me to get a parrot or a dog. ”

Well, all the girls I know at school love cats.”

The Compromise

The debate went on for hours with little progress. Each sibling realized the other would not be convinced. So Louisa offered a compromise.

What was your second choice pet?” she asked.

I guess a dog,” Duncan said.

Mine too.”

And so they decided to get their second choices. The next day, their birthday, their father bought a collie puppy for them.


1. Mum and Dad were going to give a pet to each of

their twin-children as birthday presents. _____

2. It had always been Louisa and Duncan’s

dream to have a dog. _____

3. Louisa’s best friend had a parrot. _____

4. The twins’ cousin’s idea of the best pet was an iguana. _____

5. Louisa was interested in dinosaurs some time earlier. _____

6. Cats were most popular pets with

the girls at the twins’ school. _____

7. The debate was long and hard. _____

8. It took the children three hours to come to the agreement. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

Parents and Teenagers

Some of the problems young people have at

home (1) ____ by lack of dialogue - (2) _____ CAUSE/CHILD

(3) ____ , parents (4) _____ and conflicts explode NOT TALK (2)

when you (5) ____ expect them. Clothes LITTLE

seem (6) ____ one of the (7) _____ causes of BE/TYPICAL

(8) ____ quarrels. Either you want to buy too THIS

expensive ones, or you look like a tramp (бродяга)

- parents want you (9) ____ smartly and DRESS

very rarely appreciate your style.

Some other times it’s more your behaviour that

(10) ___ your parents. In Britain today, UPSET

(11) ___ and (12) ___ young people want to MANY (2)

be independent and leave home between the

(13) ____ of 16 and 20. Some are students; AGE

others run away to escape from their homes

which (14)____ and unhappy. OVERCROWD

They go in search of work or of a more exciting

life.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Nowadays, more and more people don’t wear

their (1) ____ clothes, and the clothes look al- NATION

most the same all over the world. Do you think it

is a positive or negative (2) ____ ? Here is one of DEVELOP

the opinions. Today the (3) ____ tradition of DAY

wearing (4) ____ costumes is going down. NATION

I (5) ___ believe that this is a positive signal. A FIRM

number of (6)___ support my opinion. Firstly, ARGUE

the current social context where people’s lives are

much closer than ever before, makes it (7) ____ NATURAL

(8) ___ that people’s clothes tend to be more UNDERSTAND

similar. Specially (9) ____ WEST

(10)____ for being more (11) ___ POPULAR/COMFORT

clothes have gained and easier to

wear than (12) ____ costumes. Moreover, people TRADITION

who used to wear (13) ____ clothes now NATION

wear (14) ___ clothes feel less (15) ___ WEST/ISOLATE

much closer to their counterparts (коллеги),

therefore, not out of place.

Furthermore, the (16) ___ of current outfits is PECULIAR

that they are cheaper and faster to put them on.

On the other hand, losing this tradition, people

become less committed to their nations, and

this just could be the (17)____ of successive BEGIN

(следующий один за другим) losses.







Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

What an awful task  to read boring books all summer! And the list is so long! I like reading but the books I like are usually not my school’s choice…

How long is your school’s list of books? What kind of books do you like to read? Do you think an electronic book is a good choice when you’re travelling in the summer, why? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.











Вариант 11

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a street

2. 

In an internet café

3. 

At home

4. 

In the cinema

5. 

In a classroom







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Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker talks about his/her first skiing experience.

2. 

The speaker describes professional skiing equipment.

3. 

The speaker explains why he/she prefers skiing to other sports.

4. 

The speaker explains what stops him/her from skiing.

5. 

The speaker describes a ski resort facilities.

6. 

The speaker talks about a ski racing competition.


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Конец формы

 



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Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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a football player.

  

 2) 

a football fan.

  

 3) 

a football referee.

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Lisa is fond of football.

  

 2) 

hockey.

  

 3) 

figure skating.

Конец формы

 

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Lisa lives close to a skating rink.

  

 2) 

a swimming pool.

  

 3) 

a stadium.

Конец формы

 

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Lisa’s father works for an airline company.

  

 2) 

a building company.

  

 3) 

a telephone company.

Конец формы

 

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Lisa’s mother is missing the game because she is abroad.

  

 2) 

ill.

  

 3) 

busy.

Конец формы

 

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This football match is played in spring.

  

 2) 

summer.

  

 3) 

autumn.

Конец формы



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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text and match the questions given with the answers. One question is extra.

Q&A with Child Line expert


1. What advice would you give to Newsround viewers who have problems?

2. Have you got any other advice for children with problems?

3. How many children phone Child Line every day?

4. What are the biggest problems for eight to twelve year olds?

5. What needs to be done to help all these children with problems?

6. How do children know if they're depressed and not just feeling a bit sad?


Families, bullying and feeling very sad are some of the main things children are calling Child Line about. BBC spoke to Angie Brown from Child Line to find out more and to ask what kids can do if they’re upset.

A. One of the main things is family problems. A lot of children feel caught in the middle when their parents are separating. They feel they might be asked to make a choice about which parent they want to live with even if that’s not the reality.

Another family problem is that they don’t get on with their brothers and sisters. Just because you are born into the same family does not mean you automatically get on!

В. The main thing we tell young children to do is to talk about their feelings.

Not to keep it all to themselves. Children often feel that they can’t talk to their parents in case they upset them. If they feel they can’t talk to their parents, they can perhaps talk to Child Line or a teacher or the mother of their best friend, for example.

С. Children don’t use the word depressed. Children call Child Line and say things like ‘I’m feeling really down’ or ‘I’m fed up all the time and I don’t know why’. Or ‘I can’t stop crying’ or ‘I just don’t feel right’. Any child who thinks they have these problems should always talk about it to someone.

D. Children tell us all the time that there’s not enough counseling (консультирование). And that is the key in dealing with children’s mental health problems. A counsellor can understand whether they might need specialist help or if they just need help to sort out one problem. So we think the government should give more money to provide more counselling for children.

E. If you feel desperate, one thing I like to say to children is that: ‘You never know what tomorrow is going to bring’. Yes, it could be something worse but it could be something which is so much better. My biggest message for children is to make sure they talk about their problems and not store them up. They should talk to someone they trust.

If you’re worried about anything, you can phone Child Line on 0800 1111.



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2. Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 18 соответствуют содержанию текста (1  True), какие не соответствуют (2  False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3  Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.


Shakira

Shakira Ripoll was born on February 2, 1977, in Colombia. She was the only daughter of a well-respected jeweller and his wife. In naming the newborn daughter, her mother chose from several names, containing the letter "K". She thought about Karime and Katiuska but finally chose Shakira. It’s an Arabic name which comes from the word "Shukram" meaning "Grace". So Shakira’s full name is translated as "a woman of Grace".

When Shakira was a child, her mother discovered that the girl had a gift for learning. Shakira knew the alphabet by the age of eighteen months and at three she knew how to read. By the time she was four, she was ready for school. School was not just a place where little Shakira learnt her arithmetic and geography. There she began to understand such great things as kindness, love, trust, and other human ideals. She realized what real friendship was and how much her family meant to her. Later it helped her to decide what to do with the big money she earned.

Shakira loved attention and wished to find a way to get it. She sang a lot for her schoolmates and teachers. However, the music teacher told her that she sounded "like a goat". Shakira wasn’t too upset about it and soon found a more original way to become the centre of attention. It was dancing. It helped her to express herself and become famous in school. What is interesting is that no one had ever taught her to dance.

In school Shakira was disciplined, but absent-minded. She was usually writing lyrics for her songs on the back of her notebooks. However, Shakira was a good student because she was a quick learner and could understand her teachers’ explanations faster than others.

As soon as the bell rang after class, Shakira was the first one to run and get in line for the cafeteria. She usually bought a pepsi, a hamburger and something sweet, like a muffin or a piece of cake. She seldom took a packed lunch from home. Though Shakira was a lover of fast food, she had no weight problems, as she loved dancing.

When she was eight, Shakira's father lost all his money because his business went bankrupt. For a while Shakira had to stay with her relatives in Los Angeles. When the girl returned, she was shocked to see almost everything that her family had, had been sold. She later said: "In my childish head, this was the end of the world."

To show her that things could be worse, her father took her to a local park to see the homeless children. What she saw shocked her deeply and she said to herself: "One day I’m going to help these poor kids when I become a famous singer or dancer".

Between the ages of ten and thirteen Shakira was invited to various dance events and became very popular in the area. It was at this time that Shakira met a local theatre producer, who was impressed with her performance and as a result tried to help her career. This woman organized a meeting with the managers of the Sony company. After Shakira sang, they decided to sign a contract for three albums with the talented girl.

 

True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Shakira went to one of the most well-known schools in Columbia. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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At school Shakira was more successful in dancing than in singing. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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Shakira published her first lyrics in a youth magazine. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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At school Shakira was careful to eat only healthy food. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

Конец формы

 

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Shakira was upset when she learnt about the family’s financial problems. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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When Shakira became a famous singer, she set up a charity fund to help homeless children. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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The meeting with Sony managers went successfully. True

  

 2) 

False

  

 3) 

Not stated

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Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

It’s Saturday night, and Laura (1) ____ to a GO

party with some friends. (2) ____ mother and LAURA

father (3)____ TV when she says goodbye to WATCH

them. “ I’m going to Sam’s party. I (4) ____ late,” NOT BE

she says. “You can’t go out (5) ___ like that! DRESS

yells Laura’s dad. “You (6) ___ ridiculous.” LOOK

Laura looks down at her carefully (7) ____ outfit. CHOOSE

She’s wearing a tight red top, a silver

miniskirt and black boots with 15-centimetre

heels. She (8) ___ her hair bright red and she COLOUR

(9)____ tinted glasses. Laura (10) _____ she WEAR/THINK

looks great!

Fashion (11) ____ always ____ a matter of dis- BE

pute (предмет споров). Young people express

(12)____ through fashion, and extreme fashion SELF

is a way to rebel.

In the 1960s young people started (13) ____ WEAR

miniskirts, bell-bottomed pants and flower patterns.

Many young people (14) ____ hippies, and parents BECOME

panicked when their teenage sons

(15 ) ____ their hair long. Then came the decade GROW

of glamorous fashion.

Gold and silver pants and tiny tight tops

(16 ) ___ very popular in the 70s. Disco-goers BECOME

(17) _____ high-heeled shoes and boots that WEAR

were almost impossible to walk in. Punk-rock

also raised (18) ____ ugly head during the 70s. IT

Punks had crazy Mohawk haircuts and wore

dirty (19) ____ with holes in them. During the CLOTH

90s, styles from the 60s and 70s came back.

Midriffs (животы) were bare and body piercing

came into fashion. Now that we (20) ____ the ENTER

(21)____ century (or the ‘naughties’), you can TWENTY-ONE

wear whatever you like!

Overall, I think new fashions (22) ____ traditional REPLACE

ones, but I also think we should also try

(23)____ typical traditional clothing. It’s part of PRESERVE

our culture and heritage.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

The Loose Button

George wore a pair of blue shorts around the

house. They were old, (1) ____ , and ugly, but they FADE

were (2) ___ . And when you are at home, you COMFORT

want to be (3) ____ .But when he put on his blue COMFORT

shorts one morning, the button was just hanging

on by a thread. That single button was the only

thing that held his shorts up. George could do two

things. He could wait until the button fell off. Or, he

could sew the button on (4) ___ before it fell off. SECURE

He found his (5) ____ kit. He threaded the needle. SEW

Then he started the needle through the cloth. He

directed it through one of the holes in the button.

Then he reversed (6) ___ . He put the needle DIRECT

back through a (7)____ hole, and then through DIFFER

the cloth again.

He repeated this (8)____ through all four button MOVE

holes until the button was tight. He put on the

shorts and buttoned the button. It was strong.

Good for another ten years, he smiled to himself.

Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Yesterday was a special day  we had the Earth Hour. My town (and lots of towns around) went dark for one hour. It’s one of the ideas of an ecological group called the Green Movement. We switched off the lights to draw people’s attention to the poor ecological situation on the planet …

Do people have the Earth Hour in your country? What can people do to save energy in their everyday life? Do you approve of the Green Movement, why? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



















MODULE V

Вариант 12

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a classroom

2. 

In a shopping centre

3. 

In a hospital

4. 

At a party

5. 

In a gym hall







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker talks about


the dangers of careless driving.

2. 

traffic problems.

3. 

his/her new job.

4. 

sports car races.

5. 

his/her recent journey.

6. 

different means of transport.


Начало формы

Конец формы

 



Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

Why is Andrew going to Greece? To see the sights.

  

 2) 

To take a language course.

  

 3) 

To visit a relative.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Why is Andrew’s flight delayed? The weather is bad.

  

 2) 

The plane is unsafe.

  

 3) 

The reason is unknown.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What means of transport does Andrew prefer? Train.

  

 2) 

Plane.

  

 3) 

Coach.

Конец формы

 

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What does Andrew’s mother do for a living? She is a teacher.

  

 2) 

She is a travel agent.

  

 3) 

She is a guide.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What country is Andrew going to see next? Italy.

  

 2) 

France.

  

 3) 

Greece.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What foreign language does Andrew speak? Italian.

  

 2) 

French.

  

 3) 

Spanish.

Конец формы



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Конец формы

 Начало формы

Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the texts. Match the names of disasters to the texts. One name is extra.


1. Flood

2. Avalanche

3. Tsunami

4. Tornado

5. Earthquake

6. Drought


A. The Reuters journalist arrived in the city of Van to see police holding back a crowd of distraught people from the scene of destruction. A father whose daughter was trapped under the ruins screamed hysterically, waving his hands in the air as rescue workers desperately tried to reach her. Rescuers working under floodlights tried to reach those trapped and ambulance crews waited near two collapsed buildings. Other buildings next to them were untouched. Trucks and cranes were used to shift the wreckage.

B. The storm intensified very rapidly in around 10 minutes. The wind speed was 95 miles per hour and travelled approximately 3.5 miles. It cut a path of destruction 17 miles long and 1.3 miles wide. “ I parked and it was raining hard, I started opening my door and shut it back because I looked down and saw all that water swirling and that’s the last I remember,” said Mrs Smith, one of the victims. Heavy rains, lightning and egg-size hail slowed rescuers at times. The twister destroyed at least two schools. Officials said water, electricity and cell phone service was down in some areas. They urged people to stay away from the area.

C. Sofia, a six-year-old girl, is brave beyond her years. She and her little sister are just two of the millions of children in urgent need due to the food crisis in East Africa. Much of their livestock died. Without the goats they have nothing to eat or drink. Even if they had income, the price of food and water has skyrocketed. Her little sister suffers from malnutrition and must go to the center to receive treatment. In addition to a visit with the health worker, the girls receive emergency food rations, high-energy biscuits and vitamins. We have not had rains for two years. There is no place for us to move. All places are dry like this.

D. On April 20th my friends and I met in the parking lot of Loveland ski area to enjoy some backcountry skiing. We divided into two groups to explore the south and the north slopes. We returned from our tour and hung out waiting for the other group to return. The weather forecast promised a snowstorm and we began to worry. When the snow started to fall, it swept up all the skiers. They were all buried in the snow. However they managed to dig themselves out of the snow. All of them were in distress but we realised how lucky they were to survive it.

E. Heavy rain in the Philippine capital, intensified by tropical storm Trami, forced the closure of government offices, schools, banks and most private companies on Monday. The residents in most parts of the city and nearby provinces had to leave their homes because of rising water. At least three people were killed and two were missing in accidents caused by the rain and flooding disaster - the government officials said. This rainy season was the worst in the Philippines which is regularly damaged by heavy weather including at least 20 typhoons a year.





2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Dolphin Deaths Puzzle US Officials

In 2011 the US officials were alarmed and puzzled by a rise in dolphin deaths along the US Gulf coast in Florida waters. It happened because of cold water temperatures off the southern US state, where normally weather attracts the protected sea creatures during winter months.

Some kinds of dolphins live near the coastline and when weather turns cold they often shelter near springs or in warmer discharge canals (сливные каналы) at power plants to avoid “cold stress” which can weaken and eventually kill the mammals.

Now the authorities at the American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are investigating the huge increase in baby dolphins found dead along the US Gulf Coast, in the first birthing season since the BP oil spill disaster.

Eighty-three bottle-nosed dolphins, more than half of them newborns, were found dead in January and February along the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida, where millions of barrels of oil from a leaking undersea well (колодец) poured into the Gulf of Mexico over three months.

It could be direct or indirect effects of it,” NOAA spokeswoman Kim Amendola said. “We have not found the reason of these deaths, but several factors could have contributed to the deaths. They are biotoxins or infectious diseases,” she said. “We are following the situation closely,” she added.


1. Recent events along the US Gulf

coast shocked the officials. _____

2. Many mammals died because of the storms. _____

3. The news was on many TV channels. _____

4. The similar tragedy happened a year before. _____

5. Low sea water temperature was the cause of the deaths. _____

6. Dolphins usually avoid warm water in winter time. _____

7. Bottle-nosed dolphins live only in the Atlantic Ocean. _____

8. Investigations have found out at last

the reason of baby dolphins’ deaths. _____

9. Greenpeace activists took part in the investigations. _____

10. The BP disaster did no harm to the ocean fauna. _____






Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

Some French scientists (1) ____ recently able BE

(2)___ and (3)____ hear the sounds trees REPRODUCE/ACTUAL

make, when they are in a drought situation and

(4) ____ to extract as much water as they can, TRY

from the ground.

This fascinating discovery (5) ___ by the MAKE

Grenoble University physicist Philippe Marmottant.

They (6) ____ their experiment by (7) ____ sliv- BEGIN/TAKE

ers (щепки) of a dead pine tree and bathing it in hy-

drogel-essentially (8) ____ the conditions of a CREATE

living tree. They then (9) ____ the branch to an EXPOSE

artificially dry environment and (10) _____ the RECORD

sounds. What they (11) _____ were popping HEAR

(хлопающий) or gasping sounds (12) _____ by MADE

the tree. In fact, the sounds move 10 times

(13)___ than what the human ear can hear. FAST

They (14) _____ now ____ sensors that DEVELOP

(15) _____ able to detect these sounds which BE

may help in (16 )_____ many trees from dying. SAVE

So be sure that your garden (17) _____ with FILL

friendly plants and if you (18) _____one of BE

those who constantly forget to water the houseplant,

you (19)_____ to change your habits. HAVE





2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Plants

The fact that plants do not live a passive life

has been known for sometime now. Two separate

and (1) ____ research studies reveal that RELY

these silent (2) ____may be ‘talking’ to each COMMUNICATE

other and us! If you have ever noticed that certain

plants seem to thrive (цвести) next to

each other, it may not be a (3 ) ____ or COINCIDE

( 4 ) ___ of your superior gardening skills, but PROVE

it shows the good (5 ) ____ (6) ___ between NEIGHBOUR/FEEL

the two. At least that’s what an

(7) ____ team of (8 ) ____ believes. The AUSTRALIA/RESEARCH

evolutionary (9) _____ states that plants use ECOLOGY

some kind of acoustic signaling to communicate

with each other and it may allow the

weaker plant to thrive or die. What’s even more

(10)___ is that the (11)____ believes the INTEREST/SCIENCE

(12) ____ happens at a very early stage. COMMUNICATE

Monica, who published her (13) ____ in the FIND

7th online edition of BMC Ecology, reached this

(14) ___ following an (15) ____ study she CONCLUDE/INTEREST

conducted with some chili pepper, basil and

fennel plants. So (16) ____ may be able to FARM

use sound to (17)_____ or (18)______ the COURAGE(2)

(19)___ of certain plants, helping to reduce GROW

their (20) ____ on fertilizers and pesticides. DEPEND






Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

. My older brother has decided to collect mugs, imagine that. He has already got eight mugs from different places he has visited. It’s a nice collection but it takes up so much room …

 …Why do people collect things? What do you collect or what would you like to collect? What other hobbies are popular with teenagers in your country? …

White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

























Вариант 13

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a supermarket

2. 

In a restaurant

3. 

At home

4. 

On board a plane

5. 

On a picnic







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker explains why he/she failed the exam.

2. 

The speaker says that exams are necessary.

3. 

The speaker explains why he/she is afraid of exams.

4. 

The speaker talks about a successful exam experience.

5. 

The speaker talks about exam preparation.

6. 

The speaker says that he/she enjoys taking exams.


Начало формы

Конец формы

 



Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

Linda and Sam are talking on their way to school.

  

 2) 

the theatre.

  

 3) 

the cinema.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Linda and Sam are neighbours.

  

 2) 

classmates.

  

 3) 

relatives.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Both Linda and Sam are fond of sport.

  

 2) 

science.

  

 3) 

languages.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

At present, Sam’s family has a dog.

  

 2) 

a cat.

  

 3) 

a parrot.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Next weekend Linda is going to visit Sam’s place.

  

 2) 

go to her relatives in New York.

  

 3) 

spend time with her family.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Sam’s mother is  a cook.

  

 2) 

a scientist.

  

 3) 

a housewife.

Конец формы


Начало формы

Конец формы

Начало формыКонец ф





Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is

extra.


1. The Best Friend

2. Mixing with Animals

3. Returning Home

4. The Accident

5. Ten Years in the Jungle

6. Professional Interest in Africa


Modern Mowgli

A. When Rudyard Kipling created the character of Mowgli, an orphaned boy who was adopted and raised by wolves in the forests of India, he would have never guessed that one day there would be a child that would actually live a similar life. Meet Tippi Benjamine Okanti Degre, a French girl who spent the first ten years of her life in the jungle. In her case, fortunately, it involved only the fun adventures and none of the hardship that Kipling’s young character faced.

B. Born in Windhoek, Namibia, in 1990 to Sylvie Robert and Alain Degre, both wildlife photographers, Tippi was exposed to the wild residents of the African jungles since the day she was born. Her parents travelled extensively through the country in search of exotic animals and the trio often ended up sleeping in a tent in the middle of the jungle. It was therefore no wonder, that the little girl had very little fear of animals.

C. However, unlike Mowgli, Tippi always had her parents around to protect her and the only wild animals that she interacted with were the orphaned animals that had been raised by humans in national parks. These animals were still wild and little Tippi did have a few close encounters. Once an ape tried to steal her milk bottle, another time a small animal thought her nose looked good enough to eat and took a couple of nips. The most serious one that her mum can recall is when Cindy a baboon became a little jealous of Tippi’s thick hair and decided to pull out a handful.

D. The young girl who many locals believed had a special connection with animals, led a rather magical life. She spent her days riding on ostriches, hanging out with (tamed) leopards and making friends with the mighty elephants. In fact, her best pal happened to be Abu, an enormous African elephant. Not only that, she also got to meet and spend time with many of the local bushmen who adored the free-spirited girl.

E. While her magical life ended when she turned ten and her parents decided to move back to Paris, her memories remain with her and a few months ago were chronicled in a book called “Tippi, My Book of Africa”. The book not surprisingly has become a huge hit amongst animal fans. We wonder if the now 23-year-old girl who is studying cinema in Paris, will some day decide to follow her parents’ example and take her kids back to experience, that she did.





2. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Hurricanes

It was supposed to hit the coast of Florida. But hurricane Isaac changed the course midway. It directed its fury towards the three Gulf states of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.

A. Hurricanes also known as cyclones in some parts of the world are super powerful storms. They gain strength from winds that help them blow at speeds ranging from 75 to 225 miles per hour, resulting in massive destruction when they hit land. When a hurricane first begins, the rising winds blow in towards the centre of the storm. While the hurricane is attempting to go straight, the Earth’s movement causes it to turn to the right, forcing it to go counter-clockwise.

B. For hurricanes to occur, the ocean temperatures must be at least 80 Fahrenheit and the atmosphere around it, full of moisture. Also, the winds must be blowing in the same direction and the same speed to force the air upward from the surface of the ocean. The warm water creates low-pressure air, causing it to rise. As the air rises, it collects moisture-forming thunderclouds. The warm air produces more heat and rises faster, causing colder air to rush in. This increases the intensity of the storm. This water is the most deadly part of the hurricane, because it dumps into any landmass it hits, causing floods and devastation (опустошение).

C. Hurricanes are given names, so that scientists can track the storms from start to finish. In the fifties, hurricanes were named after the phonic alphabet, like Able, Baker etc. From 1953 to 1979, the US Weather Bureau decided to shift to only women’s names. Since then, they have chosen between male and female names and now have six different name lists that they change each year. If a hurricane causes real major devastation, like Katrina did to New Orleans in 2005 the name is never used again.

D. In the past, scientists tried various inventions to weaken these storms. But they gave up in the 1960’s after realising that the weather patterns were too large to affect. Instead, they changed their focus to understanding how hurricanes form and move, so that they could predict the time and intensity with greater accuracy. But like other acts of nature, this too remains an inexact science that is neither completely predictable nor controllable.

E. The hurricane categories range from 1 to 5. It is a way to measure their intensity, with 5 being the worst. A typical season sees about six hurricanes, the peak of the season is not until the end of September. The good news is that Isaac is the fourth hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic season - the first three did not land on the US soil. So maybe the USA will escape the rest too, which would make this the best hurricane season Americans have had in many years.


1. Hurricanes are very dangerous as they

can destroy anything on their way. _____

2. Hurricanes hit the surface of the ocean

causing huge waves. _____

3. In fact, hurricanes occur due to the difference

in the atmosphere temperatures. _____

  1. Most of the hurricanes have male names. _____

5. Hurricanes are named to help scientists study them. _____

6. Scientists have invented traps

for hurricanes to stop them. _____

7. Nowadays scientists successfully predict

the direction and time of any hurricane. _____

8. The lower the category of the hurricane

the easier it is to predict it. _____

Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

Earth Day 2015

On April 22nd 2015, people all over the world

(1) ___ the 45th anniversary of Earth Day. CELEBRATE

Besides (2) ___ (3) ___ friendly projects CONDUCT/ENVIRONMENT

within their communities, over one billion people

also (4)____ to participate in meetings EXPECT

(5)_____ their concern about the effects of VOICE

global warming on our planet. While that is definitely

a much (6) _____ step in the right direction, NEED

the reality is, that on April 23rd, (7) _____ of these MANY

activists’ (8) _____ to their normal lives and RETURN

habits.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the

capitalized words.

On February 8th 2013, (1) ____ from (2) ____ SCIENCE/EUROPE

Space Agency (ESA) announced that their

weather satellite with an instrument designed to

sense ozone (3) ____ made it clear that the CONCENTRATE

(4) ____ ozone ‘hole’ above the Antarctica had SEASON

shrunk to record levels! The (5) _____ are quite SCIENCE

(6) ___ about the (7)____ because ozone ENTHUSIASM/INFORM

forms a (8)_____ layer about 12-19 miles up in PROTECT

the stratosphere, and is a (9)_____ sunscreen NATURE

which prevents the sun’s (10)_____ ultraviolet HARM

rays from reaching the Earth’s surface. Without

it, humans would be even more exposed to sunburn

and skin cancer. Though it will take years

to restore the world’s ozone (11) ____ to the CONCENTRATE

level it was in the 1960 s, (12)____ believe that SCIENCE

the hole over the Antarctica will be (13) _____ COMPLETE

repaired within the next few decades if we

change our (14) _____ habits and refuse to use DESTRUCT

chlorofluorocarbons in aerosols and refrigeration.





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I’m having a very busy time now as I have to get ready for my exams. As far as I know, all students in Russia have to take school exams too…

When are you going to have your exams? What exams have you chosen and why? What are your plans for the summer holidays? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.







Вариант 14

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a hotel

2. 

In a gym

3. 

On a school playground

4. 

In a park

5. 

On a bus excursion







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.




Конец формы

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.




The speaker talks about


the local sports centre.

2. 

doing sports at home.

3. 

his/her typical day off.

4. 

a disagreement with a friend.

5. 

healthy eating habits.

6. 

the most popular sports.


Начало формы

Конец формы

 



Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух одноклассников. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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be at a friend’s birthday party.

  

 2) 

take her literature exam.

  

 3) 

spend time with her relatives.

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Tim wants to give Anna a computer disk.

  

 2) 

some flowers.

  

 3) 

a box of chocolates.

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Tim enjoys shopping.

  

 2) 

sports.

  

 3) 

camping.

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Last summer Tim stayed at home.

  

 2) 

went scouting.

  

 3) 

learnt to fish.

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Tim has to leave because he needs to see a doctor.

  

 2) 

walk the dog.

  

 3) 

go to the stadium.

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Tim’s brother is younger.

  

 2) 

older.

  

 3) 

exactly the same age.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.


1. WHY DOES EACH HURRICANE HAVE A NAME?

2. WHAT DO THE HURRICANE CATEGORIES MEAN?

3. WHAT ARE HURRICANES?

4. WHAT HAPPENS LATER?

5. CAN WE DO ANYTHING TO STOP THEM?

6. HOW DO THEY OCCUR?

Hurricanes

It was supposed to hit the coast of Florida. But hurricane Isaac changed the course midway. It directed its fury towards the three Gulf states of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.

A. Hurricanes also known as cyclones in some parts of the world, are super powerful storms. They gain strength from winds that help them blow at speeds ranging from 75 to 225 miles per hour, resulting in massive destruction when they hit land. When a hurricane first begins, the rising winds blow in towards the centre of the storm. While the hurricane is attempting to go straight, the Earth’s movement causes it to turn to the right, forcing it to go counter-clockwise.

B. For hurricanes to occur, the ocean temperatures must be at least 80"Fahrenheit and the atmosphere around it, full of moisture. Also, the winds must be blowing in the same direction and the same speed to force the air upward from the surface of the ocean. The warm water creates low-pressure air, causing it to rise. As the air rises, it collects moisture-forming thunderclouds. The warm air produces more heat and rises faster, causing colder air to rush in. This increases the intensity of the storm. This water is the most deadly part of the hurricane, because it dumps into any landmass it hits, causing floods and devastation (опустошение).

C. Hurricanes are given names, so that scientists can track the storms from start to finish. In the fifties, hurricanes were named after the phonic alphabet, like Able, Baker etc. From 1953 to 1979, the US Weather Bureau decided to shift to only women’s names. Since then, they have chosen between male and female names and now have six different name lists that they change each year. If a hurricane causes real major devastation, like Katrina did to New Orleans in 2005 the name is never used again.

D. In the past, scientists tried various inventions to weaken these storms. But they gave up in the 1960’s after realising that the weather patterns were too large to affect. Instead, they changed their focus to understanding how hurricanes form and move, so that they could predict the time and intensity with greater accuracy. But like other acts of nature, this too remains an inexact science that is neither completely predictable nor controllable.

E. The hurricane categories range from 1 to 5. It is a way to measure their intensity, with 5 being the worst. A typical season sees about six hurricanes, the peak of the season is not until the end of September. The good news is that Isaac is the fourth hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic season - the first three did not land on the US soil. So maybe the USA will escape the rest too, which would make this the best hurricane season Americans have had in many years.





  1. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


Amazon Rainforest Deforestation Shows Positive Trends

While destruction of rainforests is causing concern (беспокойство) in many parts of the world, nowhere is it worse than in the Amazon. Often called the lungs of the planet the 1.2 billion acre rainforest produces about 20% of the Earth’s oxygen and is therefore, not just crucial for its own ecosystem, but also, for the survival of all living creatures, including humans! Fortunately, the deforestation is slowly starting to reverse (поворачиваться в противоположном направлении).

As in many parts of the world, population growth had resulted in clearing out large parts of the Amazonia to make space for cattle ranches, mining, agriculture. By 2003, about 20% of the Amazon rainforest had been destroyed and disappeared forever, taking along with it, numerous species of plants, animals and insects. Experts feared that if the pace (темп) continued, the Amazon rainforest would be destroyed forever. Something had to be done and very soon!

Fortunately, the authorities in Brazil along with environmentalists took immediate action and things began to change. In July 2011, the Brazilian government announced that deforestation had been reduced sharply from the peak levels. The data received from satellite images showed that from August 2011 to July 2012, there was a further reduction of 23%. Both the authorities and environmentalists hope that they will be able to achieve their goal of zero deforestation by 2016!

The Amazon rainforest gets its name from the 4,080-mile long Amazon River, the largest freshwater source on Earth. Not surprisingly, it is home to a large variety of exotic plants and animals.


1. The Amazon rainforests are important

for the world ecosystem. _____

  1. The rainforests hold back the development of

agriculture. _____

3. South American countries joined their efforts

to stop deforestation. _____

  1. People in the Amazon area didn’t understand how

important the rainforests are for the world survival. _____

  1. People destroyed all species of animals and plants

in the area which led to the forest destruction. _____

  1. Experts are sure that in ten years’ time

all the rainforests would disappear. _____

  1. The Brazilian government established

the Amazon Fund to save the rainforests. _____

  1. Ecologists are quite optimistic

about the future of the area. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


A Famous Photographer

Even animals, the (1) _____ masters of disguise GOOD

(маскировка), cannot escape the sharp eyes of

the American photographer Art Wolfe, who

(2) ____ in search of animals to capture on camera, BE

since the early 1990’s. He says that (3) _____ FIND

and (4) _____ the clever species often (5) ______ FILM/TAKE

many hours. His search (6) _____ him to almost TAKE

every continent in the world: from the deserts of

Africa to the rainforests of South America. Over

the years he (7) _____ so many amazing photos TAKE

that he (8) _____ able to show them in two books: BE

а (9) _____ book entitled Hiding Out and Vanish- CHILD

ing Act. Both (10) _____ into several languages TRANSLATE

and (11) _____ extremely popular all over the BE

world. The 61-year-old photographer who also

(12) _____ (13) ______a television producer con- HAPPEN/BE

tinues to discover nature’s beauties stealthily

awaiting their prey in the white snow!

2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

The US multimillionaire Dennis Tito, a very

  1. ____ man, announced in February 2013 that AMBITION

his non-profit organisation was planning to sponsor

a (2) ____ to Mars in 2018. This (3) ______ FLY/ANNOUNCE

may arouse some (4) _____ , but his Inspiration SCEPTIC

Mars (5) _____has begun to receive hundreds of FOUND

(6) ___ from people (7) ____ in the journey. APPLY/INTEREST

It is just a flyby so after suffering from a lot of

(8 ) ____ the astronauts will not even get to walk COMFORT

on the Red Planet. Moreover, it could be

(9 ) ____ as no space vehicle has re-entered DANGER

the atmosphere at such a rapid pace. So why is

Tito doing it? He wants to prove that humans can

explore deep space. To make the mission

(10 ) ____ the spacecraft will have to be ready SUCCESS

by January 2018.



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Today is Sunday, but I feel bored and unhappy. It’s already been raining hard for two days and there’s nothing to do at home…

What is your favourite season and why? What do you do when the weather is rainy? How do you usually spend your weekends? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.







MODULE VI

Вариант 15

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At a birthday party

2. 

In a shop

3. 

At the airport

4. 

In a street

5. 

In the cinema







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  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker explains why people go on excursions.

2. 

The speaker explains why he/she avoids museums.

3. 

The speaker presents his/her idea for an online museum.

4. 

The speaker talks about the most famous museums in the world.

5. 

The speaker talks about his/her recent excursion.

6. 

The speaker presents his/her school museum.

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  1. Вы услышите разговор двух знакомых. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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every day.

  

 2) 

on weekdays.

  

 3) 

at weekends.

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Jane believes that the aerobics class helps her feel energetic.

  

 2) 

make new friends.

  

 3) 

lose weight.

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Jane enjoys healthy foods.

  

 2) 

creamy cakes.

  

 3) 

fast food.

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In the future Jane wants to be an IT specialist.

  

 2) 

a news reporter.

  

 3) 

an aerobics coach.

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Jane’s favourite TV programmes are documentaries.

  

 2) 

detective series.

  

 3) 

animated films.

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Next year Jane is going to start university.

  

 2) 

start working.

  

 3) 

continue school.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

  1. Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.


Five Ways to Find a Unique Travel Destination


1. ASK A PROFESSIONAL

2. HELP THE WORLD

3. USE WORLD TOURIST GUIDES

4. RELY ON YOUR FRIENDS’ EXPERIENCE

5. SEARCH THE INTERNET

6. HEADS OR TAILS?


Any country and area hides unknown tourist attractions. The more difficult it will be to get there, the more interesting and different your experience will be. So here are five ways you can try to find an unusual journey.

A. One thing you can always try is to find a world map or globe and choose a random point without looking at it. This is extremely fun and can give some of the best results, since you can end up with totally unique results. So what if you point to Alaska or Tibet? These make perfect destinations. If you already visited that place, just start over. The idea is to go the first place you choose that is totally new, not look for the most convenient destination.

В. Another trick is to buy the “ 1.000 Places you must see before you die” book or something similar and open at a random page. These books have the most beautiful and attractive places on earth, so your satisfaction will be guaranteed. You can get a copy from almost every library or just borrow one. It seems to be one of the most beautiful books in the world, so you can start adding up new places every holiday.

С. Something else you can try is to search online for the most unusual events or festivals around the world. Find one that happens when you can travel and choose to go there. Meeting new traditions and cultures can be the most rewarding activity. From enjoying the most unusual African rhythms, to watching the Indians bathe in the Ganges, unique experiences are always available, you just have to search.

D. A totally unique way to travel and see new places is to go in a voluntary camp. People all over the world need your help for many things. This is a way to combine two things: helping others and helping yourself to see and experiment new feelings. From helping endangered species of animals in the jungle to supporting some kind of events, you can both travel and cut from your expenses.

E. Something you can try if you really do not want to make any efforts is to go to a travel agent and ask him to pick a destination that is most unusual and arrange for your trip. This is usually not as original and unique as the other methods, but it can give you some nice destinations you have never seen before. The advantage is that you do not put so much work and it works well if you do not have so much time available.

So these were just some easy and crazy ideas about how you could get a special travel destination that will give you some unique experiences and exciting journeys. The road is endless!





  1. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


Five Unusual Travel Destinations for the Adventurous Traveler


If asked to name the “must-see” attractions in the world, people usually name several landmarks such as the Great Wall of China, the Eiffel Tower or the Egyptian pyramids. These popular travel destinations offer beautiful scenery and new cultural experiences.

For the more adventurous traveler, there are a lot of other unexpected and unusual travel destinations that offer the true excitement and a unique travel experience.

Sun City, South Africa

If one’s idea of adventure involves flying through the air without a parachute or plane, then Sun City, South Africa, provides a fantastic opportunity for those aerial explorers. Sun City boasts the world’s longest zipline (переправа по канату) adventure. At 6,500 feet (1981 meters) long, this zipline allows you to fly Superman-style at 93 miles per hour over gorgeous grasslands. This is a must-see for anyone who likes speed, heights, and the inevitable adrenaline rush!

Ha Long Bay, Vietnam

The second unforgettable and unique travel destination is Ha Long Bay, located in the Quang Ninh province of northern Vietnam. Visitors to Ha Long Bay can spend one or more nights aboard a small cruise ship known as a Junk. While in Ha Long Bay, travelers can admire the beauty of nature’s architecture featuring thousands of isles rising out of the ocean, covered in jungle vegetation. In addition, travellers can explore several beaches, caves, and inhabited islands.

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Geographically, Ethiopia lies within the Horn of Africa, with a tropical climate, warm and sunny for significant periods even through the rainy season. Addis Ababa is an incredible city, one of Africa’s largest urban centres. Adama is another place people love to visit while they’re in the country; you may know it more as Nazareth. The volcanic water pool in Sodere (near Nazareth) is a must-do experience when you’re here.

Bali Indonesia

Indonesia is a vast archipelago with tens of thousands of islands in it. The country is situated across the equator on the Pacific and Indian Oceans, so the climate is hot, rainy at some times in the year. Jakarta is the biggest urban centre here, a bustling and fun one. The town of Bandung on West Java is a much-loved spot for visitors, a university town with lush (пышный) intense greenery and magnificent mountains. Bali is another well worthwhile destination while you’re here, you’ll see why it’s known as the Island of the Gods.

Blue Lake Cave, Brazil

For a quieter experience, the Mato Grosso do Sul region of Brazil boasts the peaceful Blue Lake Cave. The impressive geological formations, including a number of stalactites and stalagmites are enough to provide some stunning imagery for those who travel to photograph. However, the real gem in this attraction is the large deep cobalt blue coloured lake.


1. There is the world recognised list

of top places of interest for tourists. _____

2. A zipline is a kind of parachute sports. _____

3. One should be risky to try the Sun City zipline adventure. _____

4. Ha Long Bay in Vietnam is famous

for its unusual architecture. _____

5. The rainy season in Ethiopia lasts three months. _____

6. Nazareth is another name for Addis Ababa. _____

7. Indonesia consists of ten thousand islands. _____

8. The town of Bandung on West Java is very beautiful. _____

9. If your hobby is taking pictures,

you will be happy to visit Blue Lake Cave in Brazil. _____

10. The most striking thing for visitors

of Blue Lake Cave is the water colour in the lake. _____





Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


Dear David,

I (1) _____ a great time here with my brother in HAVE

the west of England. I (2) __ it is the (3) __ THINK/INTERESTING

place I ever (4 )_____ . As you know, my brother VISIT

is at university here and so I (5) ____ with him. STAY

He (6) ____ here for three years and he says the BE

town is not the same since he first (7) ____ here ARRIVE

and things (8) ____ . He says that when he first CHANGE

(9) ____ here, it was difficult to get around but COME

over the years they (10) ____ new bus routes. START

As for my news, so far, I (11) ____ to the local BE museum and (12) ____ a lot of things about nat- LEARN

ural history and wild animals. The paintings were

wonderful too. And it (13) ____ anything either. NOT COST

After (14) ____ around all the galleries, I had a WALK

soft drink and a snack. That was good too.

I (15)____ any souvenirs yet, but perhaps I NOT BUY

(16)____ some tomorrow. Anyway, that’s about GET

all for now.

All the best,

Pearl



  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.


Some o f the Top Places to Visit in Great Britain


Today, let’s talk about some top places to visit in

Great Britain. London probably tops the list. The

capital city offers (1) _____ Buckingham Palace, VISIT

Oxford Street, the London Eye and the Houses of

Parliament. West End (2) _____ include Trafalgar ATTRACT

Square and Leicester Square. Many (3) _____ can TOUR

experience going on a red London bus or riding in

a black London taxi. London is huge! It offers visitors

some (4) _____ theatres and sports venues. WONDER

Probably the second most (5) _____ city is Edin- VISIT

burgh in Scotland. It is (6) _____ popular around SPECIAL

New Year’s Eve and during the summer when it

hosts the Edinburgh Festival. Further north you will

get to John O’Groats and see some (7) _____ ADMIRE

(8) _____ views. Bath in the West of England is COAST

(9) _____ popular with foreign (10) ______ .It is HIGH/VISIT

(11) ___ for its Georgian (12) ____ and its FAME/ARCHITECT

Roman baths. (13) _____ tourists can walk The ADVENTURE

Pennines or climb Snowdonia. In the countryside

tourists can visit quaint (причудливый) rural towns

and villages with (14) _____ pubs and picturesque INVITE

village greens. Of course, the list of places to visit

in Britain is (15) _____ . END





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

My friend has decided to become a model and has just gone on a diet. I told her that it could be dangerous but she wouldn’t listen. Besides, she is a vegetarian, so there are not many products she can let herself eat now…

Why do people become vegetarians? What do you do to keep fit? What food do you try to avoid? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.







Вариант 16

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a library

2. 

In a classroom

3. 

At a concert

4. 

In a street

5. 

On a skating rink







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  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about his/her new hobby.

2. 

The speaker talks about his/her recent day-off.

3. 

The speaker explains how to grow a garden.

4. 

The speaker talks about his/her childhood dream.

5. 

The speaker explains about healthy eating habits.

6. 

The speaker explains how to cook a special dish.


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  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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He felt unwell in the classroom.

  

 2) 

He failed his mathematics test.

  

 3) 

His timetable changed.

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Where does Thomas usually have lunch? He buys his lunch in the school canteen.

  

 2) 

He takes a lunch box to school.

  

 3) 

He comes home for lunch.

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Where does Thomas’ mother work? In a canteen.

  

 2) 

In a shop.

  

 3) 

In a school.

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How is Thomas’ mother going to spend the next evening? Preparing for Christmas at home.

  

 2) 

Shopping for Christmas presents.

  

 3) 

Driving her car for several hours.

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What present does Thomas want to get? A snowboard.

  

 2) 

A bicycle.

  

 3) 

A pair of skis.

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What kind of weather are Thomas and his mum expecting this winter? Snowy.

  

 2) 

Rainy.

  

 3) 

Stormy.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.

Five World Heritage Sites in Danger


1. Save History in the Port City Skyline

2. The Ancient African City in Danger

3. Vandals Threaten the Ancient Site

4. Water Ruins the Sacred Christ Place

5. Medieval Monuments Suffer from Flood

6. The Fortress in Need of Defense


A. Tomb of Askia, Mali. It was built in 1485 for the burial (захоронение) of Toure, the ancient king of the Songhai Empire. It’s one of the two sites in Mali that were added to UNESCO’s List of World Heritage in Danger this year. The reason is vandalism of the armed groups that have occupied the region. UNESCO’s representative Amelan said that of the five World Heritage sites included into the Danger list this year, those in this part of Africa are in the most dangerous situation. “Events happening [in Mali] are contrary to the whole spirit of the work that is done by UNESCO and by the World Heritage Committee,” he said.

B. The colonial citadel of Santiago in Portobelo, Panama. An observation post in ruins and a rusted (ржавый) cannon in a recent picture of the site show clear signs of neglect. The World Heritage committee voted to include the forts here - which are considered excellent examples of 17th- and 18th-century military architecture - to the List of World Heritage in Danger this year. The committee also called on the government to take care of the site and to strengthen its walls, batteries, and platforms. Portobelo was founded in 1597 by the Spanish explorer Francisco Velarde у Mercado. From the 16th to the 18th centuries it was an important silver-exporting port in New Granada on the Spanish Main and one of the ports on the route of the Spanish treasure fleets.

C. Liverpool Maritime Mercantile (торговый) City, England. The World Heritage Committee has placed Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City on the List of World Heritage in Danger due to the proposed construction of Liverpool Waters, a massive redevelopment of the historic docklands north of the city centre. There are concerns that the development will extend the city centre significantly and alter the profile of the site included onto the World Heritage List in 2004. Liverpool was one of the world’s major trading centres in the 18th and 19th centuries and played an important role in the growth of the British Empire as a major port. Liverpool was a pioneer in the development of modern dock technology, transport systems and port management and the site has a great number of significant commercial, civic and public buildings.

D. The Church of the Nativity (церковь Рождества Христова), West Bank, Palestine. Sunlight rays illuminate the church located over the cave where Christian scholars believe Jesus Christ was born. During the centuries the site of the Church of the Nativity has had numerous reconstructions and additions, including its prominent bell towers. Due to its cultural and geographical history, the site holds a prominent significance to those of both the Christian and Muslim religions.

This site was simultaneously (одновременно) inscripted into UNESCO’s List of World Heritage and the List of World Heritage in Danger this year. It was added to the danger list because of concerns of damages caused by water leaks.

E. The city of Timbuktu, Mali. Not long ago this African city was added to the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger. Founded at the end of the 5th century AD as a small market village, it became an important intellectual and spiritual center toward the end of the 15th century. In the 13th—15th centuries Timbuktu flourished from the trade in salt, gold, ivory and slaves. In modern times the town is best-known in Western culture as an expression for a distant or outlandish place. The World Heritage Committee’s decision to add the city to the Danger list reflects growing international concerns about the destruction of its historical sites after the city was taken over earlier this year by the armed groups MLNA and Ansar Dine.




2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


Homemade Ship to Sail Around the World

Hans Andersen, a life-long fisherman, had a dream. He wanted to sail around the world. And he did it. He got several sponsors who paid for his trip. Не bought a beautiful 40-foot yacht, with all the latest technical and safety gear, and had a pleasant voyage. Well, except for almost sinking while going around the tips of South America and Africa.

The voyage went so smoothly that, looking back on it, he felt it was too easy. He needed a new challenge. He decided to build his own boat. But that was nothing new. Several people had built their own boats and sailed them around the world. No, he needed a unique boat. Watching TV commercials one day, he got it - ice cream sticks! He would be the first man to sail around the world in a boat built exclusively of ice cream sticks.

He put out the word. Within three years, school children from all over Holland had sent Hans 15 million ice cream sticks. He used these sticks to build a 45-foot replica of a Viking ship. After all the sticks were glued together, Hans took his new boat out to sea on a one-week voyage. “It’s magnificent, and totally sea-worthy,” he proclaimed.

He plans to set out to sail in about three years’ time with a crew of two. He will sail across the Atlantic to Canada, and then down to Florida and through the Panama Canal. Then he’ll travel to Los Angeles, Honolulu, Tokyo, around the tip of Africa, and back to Holland. “If this trip succeeds,” he joked, “my next goal will be to build a plane out of ice cream sticks and fly it around the world!”


1. Hans Andersen is a professional fisherman. _____

2. His first trip around the world was funded

by the local businessmen. _____

3. There were no accidents during

his first round-the-world voyage. _____

4. He started to plan a new trip because

he wanted to become world famous. _____

5. He used the Internet to announce

about his original plan and ask for help. _____

6. He had been collecting ice cream sticks

for three years before he built a model of a Viking ship. _____

7. The model worked well in the

real conditions of the open sea. _____

8. His plan is to be alone sailing around the world. _____

9. He is going to share the future trip with his son. _____





Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


New York’s New Generation of Yellow Taxis

(1) ___ famous yellow taxis (2) ___ these NEW YORK/CHANGE

days. New York City (3) _____ the Nissan minivan PICK

to be (4)_____ next cab. The Japanese car com- IT

pany Nissan Motors (5) ____ the contract to WIN

provide the next generation of New York taxis. The

deal (6) ____ not long ago by New York Mayor ANNOUNCE

Michael Bloomberg. The new vehicle has an

overhead window (7) ____ views of city skyscrapers, OFFER

and charging stations for mobile phones and laptops.

The car will also have satellite navigation, so

passengers (8) ____ debate with drivers who NOT HAVE TO

(9) ____ their way around. NOT KNOW

Mayor of New York Michael Bloomberg said that

for the first time New York taxis (10) ____ rear INCLUDE

passenger airbags. He also noted that the van

(11) _____ its crash tests. By 2017, Nissan PASS

(12) _____ to manufacture the cars to run solely BE ABLE

on electricity. (13) _____ 13,000 yellow cabs NEW YORK

carry about 600,000 passengers a day, and are

the only vehicles allowed to pick up passengers

off the street. The NV200, which (14) ____ in BUILD

Nissan plants in Mexico, is the first to be designed

specifically for use as a New York City taxi. The

new taxis (15) _____with both tourists and locals DESIGN

in mind. All taxis (16) _____ by 2018. REPLACE



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

(1 ) _____ Antarctica from Tourism PROTECT

(2) ___ on Antarctica has been increasing TOUR

(3) ____ in the past twenty years, from a few DRAMA

thousand people in 1985 to more than 30,000 in

2011. The (4) _____ numbers are having a nega- GROW

tive effect on the (5) _____ environment of the TOUCH

South Pole. Many (6) _____ agree that the frozen RESEARCH

(7) _____ must be protected from modern WILD

(8) _____. Antarctica is the last (9) ____ place TOUR/SPOIL

on Earth. It has a very delicate ecosystem that

could be (10) _____ upset by crowds of EASY

(11) _____ landing in airplanes and using snow- TOUR

mobiles.

However, it is difficult to protect Antarctica

because it is not a country and therefore has no

government to control the number of (12) _____ . VISIT

What do you think we should do to protect Antarctica?





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

...I’ve just joined our school Drama club. We give performances in English and in French. Our parents and classmates think that our performances are very good. After all, school is not only about learning...

What do you like most about your school? What school clubs do you have? Have you joined any of your school clubs, why? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



















MODULE VII

Вариант 17

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At a box office

2. 

At a concert

3. 

In a street

4. 

In a restaurant

5. 

At home







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about

                                              


his/her cooking habits.

2. 

the ingredients of fast food.

3. 

the advantages of homemade food.

4. 

the dangers of fast food.

5. 

the quality of school food.

6. 

his/her eating plan.


Начало формы

Конец формы

 



Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

 Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

Why did Kate miss the class? She got ill.

  

 2) 

She overslept.

  

 3) 

She lost her key.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What school subject does Kate like most? Mathematics.

  

 2) 

English Literature.

  

 3) 

Physical Education.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What kind of sport did Kate do? Running.

  

 2) 

Gymnastics.

  

 3) 

Skating.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What does Kate’s father do as his job?

Kate’s father is

a coach.

  

 2) 

a manager.

  

 3) 

a doctor.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

What is Kate’s hobby? Computer games.

  

 2) 

Gardening.

  

 3) 

Collecting things.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

When is Kate’s birthday? In winter.

  

 2) 

In spring.

  

 3) 

In summer.

Конец формы


Начало формы

Конец формы

 Начало формы

Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the texts. Match the titles to the texts. One title is extra.


1. SAILING SCHOOLS

2. SCHOOLS ON THE MOVE

3. STUDENTS-RULED SCHOOL

4. FOREST KINDERGARTENS

5. CAVE SCHOOLS

6. THE UNDERGROUND SCHOOL

A. Who says you need walls to learn? Who needs a building at all? The new type of kindergartens, a concept popularised in Europe, are schools for 3 -6 year olds that take place almost completely outdoors. Kids in regular kindergartens play on the monkey bars; kids in these kindergartens climb trees. Rain or shine, snow or rain, heat or cold, these kids are out exploring and interacting with their environment.

B. Terraset Elementary school was built in the mid-1970s, when the US was struck by the energy crisis. The country introduced energy saving mode, which was used for heating schools. The designers had a difficult task: the building below the surface of the ground was to be not only warm but also cool. This required new energy costs. The problem was solved with solar collectors. Today Terraset is not only the most energy-efficient school in the country, but also one of the major tourist attractions in the area.

C. School ALPHA, which opened its doors in 1972, is famous for disobedience. There are no evaluations, no strict schedule, and no homework. No one will punish you for writing with chalk on a blackboard. Pupils decide how to spend the school day and what activities to attend. Classes are formed not by age but by the students’ interests: along with Maths and spelling lessons students are provided by modeling, cooking and even basic philosophy. Another tradition is to hold meetings during which children as adults have the right to speak about the need for changes in the schedule of subjects and the system of school management.

D. In the past, the children of nomadic herders (скотоводы - кочевники) did not receive formal education or were forced to stay in boarding schools, and for months did not see their family. Today this problem is solved with the help of the nomadic schools. In Yakutia there are more than a dozen of such schools. One of these nomadic schools is “Keneleken” . In addition to the usual parking facilities there are school tents. Children are engaged in a special schedule. All schools for the children of reindeer herders in the national project have access to satellite Internet. After their homework or tests are checked the schoolchildren get the review.

E. Many children in rural areas of Bangladesh, particularly girls, do not have access to education. Due to tradition, boys are the first ones to be sent to school and girls can go to school only if the facility is not too far from home. Often, the nearest school is miles away. During the monsoon season many schools find themselves under water. Due to the climate change, the yearly floods have become worse and prolonged and children can now go for months without having classes. The solution was unusual, but simple and effective: if children can’t go to school, the school in the form of boats should go to them.



2. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


Robots Help to Study

A. Though we may all moan and groan about having to go to school each morning, the truth is that it is not all bad - where else can you hang out with friends, complain about teachers and exchange carrots for cookies? Therefore, you can only imagine how Devon Carrow felt when he realised that he could not and may never be able to attend ‘normal’ school.

B. Devon was born with life-threatening allergies to peanuts, milk, eggs and numerous other foods, as well as, things like perfumes and fabric softeners. Devon’s parents knew that there was no way the young boy would be able to survive in a normal classroom environment, especially since even breathing in an allergen could result in an anaphylactic shock. So, at the age of 5 when most kids are looking forward to going to kindergarten, Devon had to put up with home schooling in complete isolation until his family heard about the incredible Avatar.

C. The 4-feet tall chrome and steel VGO (Video Graphics Output) robot that is fitted with a television screen and acts as a two way audio/video mobile communications system has opened a whole new world for Devon, one where he gets to experience school life on a day-to-day basis and interact with his teachers and friends. The best part is that since the robot is mobile and has a battery life of eight hours, Devon can ‘walk’ to the library and even, join them on the playground.

D. Though life has improved immensely for the young boy since his Avatar entered his life last January, things are still not easy. He has to carry his own popcorn and bring sheets to cover the seats when he goes out for movies. He cannot go out to play and if his friends want to come over, they have to shower and change their clothes before they are allowed to play with him.

E. While Devon is not the first kid to use this amazing robot, he is the youngest. The technology had originally been developed for use in manufacturing plants to monitor production or for doctors to watch the health of elderly patients who are living independently. Fortunately, a salesman from VGO communications called the school district. Hopefully, as more schools and students discover the VGO, Avatars strolling around hallways laughing and joking with friends, will become a common sight.


1. School is a good place to socialise. _____

2. Devon preferred home education to regular schooling. _____

3. Home education via the Internet is very popular nowadays. _____

4. Allergy is a very serious illness

that influences your whole life. _____

5. Devon’s parents wanted him to get used

to allergens and sent him to the normal school. _____

6. Staying at home Devon could do whatever he liked. _____

7. The new robot (VGO) helped Devon

to feel part of the class. _____

8. Thanks to the robot Devon can now visit

playgrounds, cinemas and theatres. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


A Talented Girl

Meet Brittney Exline. She (1) _____ read by the CAN

time she (2)____two years old, finished the sixth BE

grade at eight and (3) ____ from high school by GRADUATE

thirteen! That’s what we call amazing! At fifteen,

Brittney (4) ___ to legally drive or vote, but she NOT ALLOW

can (5) _____ one of the top universities in the ATTEND

county as she is (6) ____ than many school SMART

leavers.

Brittney is a freshman at the (7) ____ University PRESTIGIOUS

of Pennsylvania, on a full scholarship. She

(8) ___ what she (9) ___ to be when she NOT KNOW/WANT

(10) _____ up, but she loves Maths, Science and GROW

Politics. Hence, she (11) ____ to get a joint DECIDE

degree in Engineering and Liberal Arts.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the

capitalized words.

New Types of School

Arnold knew that programmes trying to get street

kids into schools hadn’t worked. So he decided to

try something (1) ____ - getting a school onto DIFFER

the streets. He designed a cart that contains

everything a street (2) ____ needs to set up EDUCATE

school on a sidewalk. The cart slides out like a telescope.

Each cart has 250 (3) ____ . The ACTIVE

(4) ____ also pass on a lot of important EDUCATE

(5) _____ to kids about health care and community INFORM

(6) _____ . Most of the (7) _____ are set up SERVE/ACTIVE

as games so that (8) ____ is fun and relaxed. The LEARN

kids also have chances to express themselves

through puppetry and other (9) _____ occupations. CREATE

It helps them deal with sad and (10) _____ SCARE

things that have happened in their lives.



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Yesterday I did a test to see which job is the most appropriate for me. According to the results I should become a doctor. But it would be absolutely impossible because I am afraid of blood…

What future career would you like to have, why? Do your parents agree with your choice? In what way will English be useful for your career? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

Вариант 18

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a café

2. 

At the railway station

3. 

In a shopping centre

4. 

At the airport

5. 

At a tourist agency







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about


what his/her school looks like.

2. 

his/ her academic achievements.

3. 

his/her international learning environment.

4. 

the classroom equipment.

5. 

his/her school’s sports facilities.

6. 

good relations among students.

Начало формы

Конец формы

 


Начало формы

Начало формы

Конец формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Начало формы

Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


Начало формы

Maggie did not have breakfast at home because she

 1) 

overslept.

  

 2) 

felt unwell.

  

 3) 

was on a diet.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

As for sports, Maggie does

 1) 

cycling.

  

 2) 

athletics.

  

 3) 

swimming.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

For her meal Maggie is having

 1) 

sandwiches.

  

 2) 

vegetarian pizza.

  

 3) 

fish and chips.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Maggie enjoys making

 1) 

food.

  

 2) 

souvenirs.

  

 3) 

clothes.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

In the future Maggie wants to be

 1) 

a designer.

  

 2) 

a coach.

  

 3) 

a doctor.

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

The class Maggie is having in a few minutes is

 1) 

Mathematics.

  

 2) 

Science.

  

 3) 

Literature.

Конец формы


Начало формы

Конец формы

 

Начало формы

Конец формы



Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.

1. HELP TO SUPPORTERS OF HOME EDUCATION

2. THE ORIGIN OF EO

3. THE NATIONAL CURRICULUM

4. DIFFICULTYTO SUIT SCHOOL SYSTEM

5. ANY7YPE OF SCHOOLING UNDER LAW

6. PARENTS’ PARTICIPATION IN THE CHILD’S LIFE


Education Otherwise

A. Though education is compulsory in the UK for children between the ages of five and sixteen, school is not. Many families prefer to educate their children otherwise than at school, and it is their right under UK law to do so. Home educating families do not have to follow the National Curriculum and there is no single ‘right’ way to educate a child at home.

B. Education Otherwise (EO) was formed by a small group of parents in 1977 and has evolved into a large self-help organisation which offers support and information to its members. They take their name from the Education Act, which states that parents are responsible for their children’s education, “either by regular attendance at school or otherwise”.

C. Some families make a carefully considered decision to home educate long before their child reaches “school age.” There may be philosophical, religious or various other reasons for their choice, and ultimately they feel that in some way they can offer a more suitable education for their children at home. It is also a natural choice for parents who have enjoyed participating in their child’s early learning and see no reason to give up this responsibility when the child reaches the age of five.

D. Other parents send their child into the school system, but later find that school does not work for their child. School does not suit everyone. Sometimes children may find it hard to fit in; some children have special needs; some children face bullying and may become very anxious and distressed. Children may find that school does not suit their particular way of learning, so parents who become unhappy with the education which is provided in schools may also decide to home educate.

Е. ЕО has an extensive network of members that includes those families, groups and individuals who are practising home education as an alternative to school, those who are considering the possibility of home education. This work has been carried out by a nation-wide team of dedicated, experienced members who volunteer their services free to support other members and promote home education. Membership of Education Otherwise gives one the opportunity to meet other homeeducating members, as well as offering a range of information and ideas.





2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

IT Master

7-year-old Nia Zui, a first-grade student in Southern China has already earned the nickname of IT Master!

And it’s a title that is well deserved - for while this little one still does not know how to read a book, he is already in the middle of college level training in computer programming and also has an impressive resume to boot. Nia, who started playing computer games when he was two, went on to install Windows 98/Windows XP at the tender age of three. By the time he turned four, he could install an operating system in MS-DOS mode. By five and six he was installing computer hardware and repairing computers.

Currently he is into computer programming. The highlight of his young life was last November, when around his seventh birthday, he helped a college to upgrade (модернизировать) their computer operating system. He managed to upgrade 7 of the 45 computers independently - his birthday gift to himself! We have a feeling we are going to hear about this young computer whiz a lot in the next few years.


1. The seven-year-old Chinese boy is a computer genius. _____

2. Nia is also at the top of his class in many subjects. _____

3. Nia is a serious boy so he never plays computer games. _____

4. Due to his talent he already goes to college. _____

5. College professors help Nia to become a perfect

computer programmer. _____

6. The boy is good at making computers

more powerful and effective. _____



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

The New Element

If you (1) _____ in middle school, you probably BE

(2) ____to memorise the 118 elements that ASK

make up the periodic table. Now you may have

(3) _____ room for one more -Element 115! Nick- MAKE

named Ununpentium until it (4) _____ official ap- GET

proval and a permanent name from the

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry,

it is one of the (5) _____ man-made ele- HEAVY

ments (6) _____ so far. When the Russian chemist CREATE

Dmitri Mendeleev first invented the periodic table

of elements in 1869, he (7) _____ it with the fifty- POPULATE

nine natural elements that (8) _____ to scientists KNOW

then and (9) _____room for thirty-three in antici- LEAVE

pation of new finds. By 1939, all the boxes

(10) _____ up. 115 or Ununpentium first FILL

(11) ____ in the laboratory by Russian physicists MAKE

in 2003. However, the International body

(12) _____that another laboratory should recre- REQUIRE

ate it. It (13) _____ a decade, and on August 26th, TAKE

scientists from Sweden’s Lund University

(14) _____ announced that they successfully FINAL

(15) _____to replicate element 115. MANAGE



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Schoolchildren Choose Their Career

Ten-year-old Courtney Oliver knows (1) _____ EXACT

what she wants to be when she grows up - a veterinarian.

She is qualified to be a registered Veterinarian

(2) _____ who supports a Veterinarian ASSIST

Doctor in their (3) ___ tasks. They could include DAY

(4) _____ and (5) ______animals. Students can FEED/EXERCISE

receive (6) ___ on how to follow (7) ___ , look TRAIN/DIRECT

after animals, talk to animal (8) _____ and juggle OWN

a lot of things at the same time. Courtney is

(9) _____ to have a (10) _____ like Dr Shoemaker LUCK/TEACH

who says that Courtney is an (11) _____ smart AMAZE

girl.



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

...What a journey! We went by car to Brighton and spent a couple of days at the seaside. I wish we could go there again! ...

Why is travelling so popular? Where would you like to go? How do you prefer to travel and why? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



Вариант 19

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At the airport

2. 

At the police station

3. 

In a hotel

4. 

At home

5. 

In a travel agency







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker talks about

 


1. 

the disadvantages of school uniform.

2. 

practical clothes for different activities.

3. 

uniforms worn by people of different professions.

4. 

uniforms for professional sportsmen.

5. 

the advantages of school uniform.

6. 

his/her shopping experience.

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Конец формы

 


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Конец формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух друзей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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 1) 

in the school gym.

  

 2) 

in the classroom.

  

 3) 

at home.

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Becky has lost her

 1) 

key.

  

 2) 

mobile phone.

  

 3) 

laptop.

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Neil wants to join

 1) 

a swimming team.

  

 2) 

a basketball team.

  

 3) 

a football team.

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Becky learnt to swim

 1) 

in a swimming pool.

  

 2) 

in the sea.

  

 3) 

in a lake.

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Becky’s father is

 1) 

a driver.

  

 2) 

a teacher.

  

 3) 

a farmer.

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Becky suggests going to

 1) 

the cinema.

  

 2) 

the pizzeria.

  

 3) 

a party.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.


1. Proper Schooling due to Modern Technology

2. The Medicine to Cure

3. Avatars Enter our Life

4. The Place to Meet Friends

5. Illness Changes the Lifestyle

6. Undesirable Home Education


Robots Help to Study

A. Though we may all moan and groan about having to go to school each morning, the truth is that it is not all bad - where else can you hang out with friends, complain about teachers and exchange carrots for cookies? Therefore, you can only imagine how Devon Carrow felt when he realised that he could not and may never be able to attend ‘normal’ school.

B. Devon was born with life-threatening allergies to peanuts, milk, eggs and numerous other foods, as well as, things like perfumes and fabric softeners. Devon’s parents knew that there was no way the young boy would be able to survive in a normal classroom environment, especially since even breathing in an allergen could result in an anaphylactic shock. So, at the age of 5 when most kids are looking forward to going to kindergarten, Devon had to put up with home schooling in complete isolation until his family heard about the incredible Avatar.

C. The 4-feet tall chrome and steel VGO (Video Graphics Output) robot that is fitted with a television screen and acts as a two way audio/video mobile communications system has opened a whole new world for Devon, one where he gets to experience school life on a day-to-day basis and interact with his teachers and friends. The best part is that since the robot is mobile and has a battery life of eight hours, Devon can ‘walk’ to the library and even, join them on the playground.

D. Though life has improved immensely for the young boy since his Avatar entered his life last January, things are still not easy. He has to carry his own popcorn and bring sheets to cover the seats when he goes out for movies. He cannot go out to play and if his friends want to come over, they have to shower and change their clothes before they are allowed to play with him.

E. While Devon is not the first kid to use this amazing robot, he is the youngest. The technology had originally been developed for use in manufacturing plants to monitor production or for doctors to watch the health of elderly patients who are living independently. Fortunately, a salesman from VGO communications called the school district. Hopefully, as more schools and students discover the VGO, Avatars strolling around hallways laughing and joking with friends, will become a common sight.



2. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Education Otherwise

A. Though education is compulsory in the UK for children between the ages of five and sixteen, school is not. Many families prefer to educate their children otherwise than at school, and it is their right under UK law to do so. Home educating families do not have to follow the National Curriculum and there is no single ‘right’ way to educate a child at home.

B. Education Otherwise (EO) was formed by a small group of parents in 1977 and has evolved into a large self-help organisation which offers support and information to its members. They take their name from the Education Act, which states that parents are responsible for their children’s education, “either by regular attendance at school or otherwise”.

C. Some families make a carefully considered decision to home educate long before their child reaches “school age.” There may be philosophical, religious or various other reasons for their choice, and ultimately they feel that in some way they can offer a more suitable education for their children at home. It is also a natural choice for parents who have enjoyed participating in their child’s early learning and see no reason to give up this responsibility when the child reaches the age of five.

D. Other parents send their child into the school system, but later find that school does not work for their child. School does not suit everyone. Sometimes children may find it hard to fit in; some children have special needs; some children face bullying and may become very anxious and distressed. Children may find that school does not suit their particular way of learning, so parents who become unhappy with the education which is provided in schools may also decide to home educate.

Е. ЕО has an extensive network of members that includes those families, groups and individuals who are practising home education as an alternative to school, those who are considering the possibility of home education. This work has been carried out by a nation-wide team of dedicated, experienced members who volunteer their services free to support other members and promote home education. Membership of Education Otherwise gives one the opportunity to meet other homeeducating members, as well as offering a range of information and ideas.


1. There is no compulsory age

for school education in the UK. _____

2. British parents can choose any type of schooling. _____

3. Education Otherwise provides families

with teachers to educate children at home. _____

4. EO acts against the UK law. _____

5. EO promotes home education and helps

parents with varied advice. _____

6. Some parents don’t send their children to school

because they can’t part with them even for an hour. _____

7. Some families prefer home education to protect

their children from stress. _____

8. EO supports the alternative to school system

because school discipline is too strict. _____


Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

(1) _____ 11 -year-olds are just happy (2) ____ MANY/SURVIVE

their first year of middle school. However, Moshe

Kai Cavalin is not like most kids. He (3) _____ SKIP

elementary, middle and high school and (4) _____ GO

straight to college at the age of eight. While

Moshe’s parents (5) _____ he was smart, they KNOW

(6) __ to put him in college this young. However, NOT EXPECT

when they (7) _____ to enroll him in a private TRY

school at the age of 6, he (8) _____ down, because TURN

he was so smart and the school was afraid

he (9) ___ . The parents (10) ___ that he BE BORED/REALISE

(11) _____ ready for some real high-level courses. BE

East Los Angeles College agreed (12) _____ him TAKE

in. He could take only two courses: Maths and

Physical Education. Moshe (13) ___ . He NOT DISSAPOINT

(14) _____ А-pluses in both and (15) _____ back GET/LOOK

since. Soon he (16) ______ with an Associates Degree GRADUATE

in Liberal Arts. In fact, the young lad was so

smart that he (17) _____ to tutor his fellow maths HELP

students, some of whom were a decade

(18) _____ than him. Moshe now (19) ______to OLD/PLAN

take a little ‘break’ to pursue his other passion -

Martial Arts (боевые искусства), where he

(20) _____ quite a few medals. WIN




2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

A Chess Prodigy

Twelve-year-old Daniel Naroditsky is the (1) _____ WIN

of the World Youth Chess (2) _____ held in Antalya, CHAMPION

Turkey. When Daniel entered the (3) _____ , he was COMPETE

ranked the13th in the (4) _____ boys’ division. NATIONAL

Daniel played a match every day, he won nine

games. This (5) _____ (6) ______ensured him aAMAZE/PERFORM

place in the finals. Daniel started playing chess at

six. Soon he started playing in (7) _____ , beating COMPETE

out first (8) _____easily, and a chess prodigy was GRADE

born.





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

My mum always says “There’s no bad weather, there’re bad clothes!” That’s why she keeps telling me to put on warm clothes even in spring. …

Do you agree with the English proverb about bad weather and bad clothes, why? What clothes do you prefer to wear out of school? What are your favourite colours for clothes? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



MODULE VIII

Вариант 20

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

At school

2. 

In a shopping centre

3. 

At home

4. 

On board a plane

5. 

In a café  







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.


Конец формы

 

  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.


The speaker talks about


1. 

different hobbies he/she has.

2. 

the most popular hobby.

3. 

the reasons to take up a hobby.

4. 

how his/her hobbies changed.

5. 

how a hobby can do harm.

6. 

how his/her hobby turned into a career.

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Конец формы

 

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Конец формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор двух соседей. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


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Tom was on a journey

 1) 

with his friends.

  

 2) 

with his parents.

  

 3) 

on his own.

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As for sports, Tom does

 1) 

swimming.

  

 2) 

cycling.

  

 3) 

athletics.

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During his journey, Tom was disappointed with

 1) 

the weather.

  

 2) 

the food.

  

 3) 

the people.

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Tom’s pet is

 1) 

a cat.

  

 2) 

a dog.

  

 3) 

a parrot.

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Next year Tom is planning to go to

 1) 

France.

  

 2) 

Spain.

  

 3) 

Australia.

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The most difficult school subject for Tom is

 1) 

Geography.

  

 2) 

Languages.

  

 3) 

Science.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text. Match the sentences to the paragraphs. One sentence is extra.

Five of the Craziest Extreme Sports

1. This winter team water sport for divers has been played for over 50 years.

2. There were a lot of tragic accidents in this crazy sport that is out of law in most countries.

3. One can play this unusual sport only in summer.

4. Fans of this extreme sport move down as fast as some cars.

5. A person who is brave enough to try this sport has to experience both flying and swimming.

6. This water sport has an over two-century history.


A. Volcano Boarding

Racing down an active 2,380 ft (725, 4 m) volcano at the speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) with only a board for protection is considered by many thrill-seeking sports fanatics as the coolest sport.

Thousands of travelers go to the foothills of Nicaragua’s Cerro Negro Mountain every year to take part in the new sporting craze. Surfers, dressed in protective jump suits, knee-pads and helmets, can reach speeds of up to 80 km/h (50mph) on their specially-constructed plywood (фанера) boards. Since its creation, in 2005, the volcano boarding has attracted more than 10,000 participants.

B. Train Surfing

Usually an illegal sport, train surfing involves riders climbing or “surfing” on the outside of a moving train or subway. The practice is a serious problem in South Africa, where many young people have been killed or injured. The ‘sport’ was made popular in the 1980s in Germany, where it was called “S-Bahn Surfing”. The phenomenon was then forgotten, but in 2005 it was rediscovered by a gang from Frankfurt, Germany. The leader of the crew who called himself “The Trainrider” surfed the InterCityExpress, the fastest train in Germany.

C. Cliff Diving

Cliff diving is defined as the acrobatic perfection of diving into water from a high cliff. This dangerous sport originated from the Hawaiian Islands in 1770. The local king demanded that his men jump off high cliffs and dive into the water feet first without a splash, to prove their courage and loyalty. Today, after centuries, the activity has expanded into a sport that is marked by immense courage, focus, thrill and risk. Cliff diving is one of the riskiest kinds of diving. Certain standards have been set to minimise the risk factor. Some of these include determining the height of the jump (23 - 28 metres for men, 18 -2 3 metres for women), an ideal entering speed of 75 - 100 km/h, and a free fall time of 3 seconds.

D. Underwater Hockey

A little known sport, underwater hockey is what some divers like to do during the winter months when the outside water is too cold for diving. The sport was invented in Great Britain during the 1950’s when some British divers were looking for ways to stay fit during the winter. The game is played using nothing more than snorkeling equipment - and of course the stick, protective gear and gloves. The game is played at the bottom of the pool using a puck (шайба) weighing over one kilogram. The sport is tough and tiring. It is becoming increasingly popular around the world and some countries have formed national teams which take part in world championships.

E. AirKicking

In this strange extreme sport, a human catapult launches individuals over 26 feet in the air into a swimming pool. AirKick works propelling participants through the air in a pre-calculated parabolic trajectory using a special combination of air pressure and water recoil (отдача, отскок) technology. The participant sits in a specially constructed seat at the back end of the catapult arm and 3, 2, 1 ...lift-off! The participant himself sets the device in motion by pushing a button. Approximately 60 litres of water are then forced through a rocket nozzle (сопло) under the seat. This pressurized water propels the participant 8 meters (26 ft) through the air for a cool and refreshing splash down in a swimming pool.



2. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).

Three skydivers made history over Mount Everest on October 5th by being the first people to parachute above the world’s highest mountain. The parachutists from New Zealand, Britain and Canada trained for many years to make their jumps. Their plane flew about 150 metres above Everest’s peak when they leapt out. They had to wear oxygen masks and parachutes that were larger than usual to help them in the thin air. The three were in free fall for 30 seconds before their parachutes opened and they glided down to land. A member of the jumpers’ support team explained to the Reuters news agency: “They looked like tiny birds flying in the blue sky as they jumped from the plane.”

The skydivers were over the moon with their jump over Everest. New Zealander Wendy Smith said: “It was stunning (сногсшибательный, ошеломляющий). I had never seen so many mountains before. To be on top of the world was simply stunning.” Britain’s Holly Budge agreed, saying her jump was “just spectacular”. Their jumps broke several skydiving records. They entered the record books for making the highest skydiving free fall at nearly 8,900 metres. They also landed on the world’s highest drop zone at 3,761 metres. Twenty-nine more brave sportsmen are waiting for favourable weather conditions to make the same jump. The thrill seekers are part of the Everest Skydive event organised by the British extreme sports company High and Wild.


1. Three skydivers jumped off the top of Mount Everest. _____

2. The decision to make the jumps was a sudden

one taken recently. _____

3. They had been training for three years before the jump. _____

4. The skydivers were specially equipped for the high

mountain conditions. _____

5. The weather was sunny on the day of the record jump. _____

6. The skydivers were happy about their jump. _____

7. The parachutists were the first to break

several skydiving records within ten years. _____

8. There are nearly 30 jumpers waiting to make

the jump above Everest. _____





Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.

A World of Dolls

Yukiko Hattori from Japan (1) _____ always LOVE

_____ dolls. She tells how she (2) ______to love COME

them and (3) ______ a special experience of SHARE

friendship.

My mother was able (4) _____ dolls out of any- MAKE

thing. She used (5) _____ them for my two MAKE

(6) _____ sisters and me. They were cornhusk OLD

(обёртка початка кукурузы) dolls, rag (тряпичные)

dolls, eggshell dolls and even tiny matchstick dolls.

I enjoyed (7) _____ with them, but still, secretly, I PLAY

dreamed of a store-bought doll like the one our rich

cousin (8) _____ . Her doll had beautiful blonde HAVE

curls, and it (9) ______ open and close its blue glass CAN

eyes and even say “Mamma.” I never (10) _____ STOP

(11) _____ it, but I (12) _____ such dolls were too ADMIRE/KNOW

expensive for my parents to buy for all three of us.

One day my father came back from his business

trip with three store-bought dolls! They were

much (13) _____ than our (14) _____doll and SMALL/COUSIN

their eyes were just (15) _____ ones, but I PAINT

(16) _____ about such differences. We each NOT CARE

(17) _____ one and I named mine Misako. Soon CHOOSE

my sisters and I became devoted mothers. Our

children ” (18) ______ us busy all day. We KEEP

(19) ____ them a bath, dressed them, GIVE

(20) _____ them out for a walk. Several months TAKE

(21) ____they became more like real children - LATE

their faces and (22) _____ became (23) ______. BODY/DIRTY

I (24) _____ that Misako was (25) ______ to me FEEL/CLOSE

than before because of (26) ______ familiar THIS

changes. “I (27) _____ care of my doll for half a TAKE

year,” I wrote in a letter to my best friend, “and I

(28)_____ really happy. I (29)_______ glad if I FEEL/BE

(30)___ have more little friends like my Misako.” CAN

(to be continued)



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

A World of Dolls ( continued)

But, by then, my sisters’ interests moved to

  1. _____ toys. Their dolls were in a (2) ____ DIFFER/MISERY

condition. One had lost one of her arms, and the

other was (3) ___ . Thus, I (4) ____ became ONE LEG/EXPECT

the (5) _____ mother of three children instead of LUCK

just one. I enjoyed this (6) _____ of being the only FEEL

one in the world who could give them (7) _____ PROTECT

with a lot of love. Indeed, they made the rest of my

(8) _____ very happy. Ten years ago I sent a letter CHILD

to a (9) _____ column of a magazine. I wrote READ

about my dream doll which I had always wanted to

find and buy someday.

The doll does not need to be a (10) _____ one, LUXURY

but she must look as if she listens when I talk to

her, like the doll Emily in the book “A Little

(11) ___” . Several weeks later a letter and a PRINCE

parcel came from an (12) _____ (13) ______lady KNOW/JAPAN

living in Colorado, US. (to be continued)



Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

Yesterday our teacher asked us to stay after classes. A basketball star came to us to talk about sport in everyday life. The way he spoke about being a teenager was funny. He said he didn’t like getting up early!…

When do you get up in the morning? What do you do to keep fit? Would you like to go in for sports professionally, why? …



White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.





















Вариант 21

Задания по аудированию

  1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, B, C, D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и местами, где они происходят: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее место действия, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое место действия из списка 1–5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее место действия.

In a museum

2. 

At school  

3. 

In a shopping centre

4. 

In a street

5. 

At home







Начало формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.



Конец формы

 



  1. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами A, B, C, D, E. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.



The speaker talks about


1. 

the disadvantages of a career in movies.

2. 

how films are used in class.

3. 

why happy endings are important.

4. 

his/her film-making task.

5. 

his/her taking part in a film.

6. 

a film that changed his/her life.


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Конец формы

 

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Конец формы

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

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Конец формы




  1. Вы услышите разговор студента языковой школы и хозяйки дома, в котором он живёт. В заданиях 38 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.


  1. Начало формы

     1) 

    Ten.

      

     2) 

    Nine.

      

     3) 

    Five.

Конец формы

Начало формы

What class did Max enjoy most today?

 1) 

Conversational English.

  

 2) 

Writing Skills.

  

 3) 

General Grammar.

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Начало формы

What sports facilities does the school offer to the students?

 1) 

A gym.

  

 2) 

A swimming pool.

  

 3) 

A tennis court.

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Начало формы

What meals does Max have with his host family?

 1) 

Breakfast.

  

 2) 

Breakfast and lunch.

  

 3) 

Breakfast and dinner.

Конец формы

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How does Max get to his school?

 1) 

On foot.

  

 2) 

By bus.

  

 3) 

By tram.

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What place of interest does Max want to see this weekend?

 1) 

The Amusement Park.

  

 2) 

The historical city centre.

  

 3) 

The City Zoo.

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Раздел 2. (задания по чтению)

1. Read the text. Match the sentences to the paragraphs A-E. One sentence is extra.

Things We Enjoy Doing

1. This sport makes me feel self-confident in life.

2. One day I’d like to play with an orchestra.

3. I love risky sports.

4. My favourite station broadcasts 24 hours a day.

5. I think this is just the hobby for a communicable person like me.

6. As for my favourite author, I’m not sure at the moment.


A group of international students write about the things they enjoy doing in their free time.

A. Listening to the radio is a lot of fun for me. Whenever I can, I turn on my radio to listen to news or music. I like to listen to a lot of information, especially the weather reports because it is very useful for me to know the weather to choose my clothes and shoes every day.

I also enjoy listening to music because it relaxes me and makes me feel good. I like popular music the most. I like to listen to the talk of the DJs. They are funny. I sometimes laugh at the way they talk. By listening to the radio, I learn which songs are popular, and then I sometimes go to the music shops to buy CDs with those songs.

B. Playing the piano is the most important thing in my life. Whenever I have free time, I enjoy playing. I love the sound of this instrument. It relaxes and encourages me. I have been playing for twelve years. At the beginning, I hated it because I couldn’t play well, but now it’s my biggest pleasure. I usually practice for three hours. I like Chopin and especially “Fantasy Improvisation”, but this music is difficult to play well, so I will have to continue practicing. I want to be able to perform skillfully in front of the people one day. I often go to concerts. It is always exciting to see musicians get standing ovations when their performances are finished.

C. Reading books is one of my favorite activities. I don’t know how I came to like reading actually, but I had a habit of reading picture books in my childhood and I came to enjoy reading naturally. Usually I read a book in Japanese not only because Japanese is my mother tongue but also because I like the feeling and sounds of the Japanese language. Reading books is fun and gives me a lot of satisfaction. There are many kinds of stories and I’ll never lose interest in reading. We can also learn so many things from books. I love reading because it takes you to a fascinating world.

D. Playing tennis is a very good hobby. First of all, it’s good exercise. Until I started playing tennis two years ago, I didn’t exercise at all, but now I do a lot. Sometimes when I have free time I play tennis over twelve hours a day. I go to the university at seven in the morning and play until dark. I get very tired, but it is good for my health. Playing tennis has also improved my social life. I joined a tennis club where I met lots of people, and I was able to form good relationships with them. Some of these people were over 60 years old, so I think it’s also a good way to create bonds between different generations.

E. Using email and the Internet is something 1 like doing every day because I can keep in touch with my family and many friends whenever I am away from them and can’t see them. Sometimes they send me emails with funny pictures. I enjoy getting emails because then I know what is happening when I’m not there. Usually, I spend three to four hours writing messages and surfing the Internet. I am also interested in getting news and knowing what is happening in the world. I can get news about politics and other things. That’s why I really like using e-mail and the Internet.



  1. Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).


Five of the Craziest Extreme Sports


A. Volcano Boarding

Racing down an active 2,380 ft (725, 4 m) volcano at the speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) with only a board for protection is considered by many thrill-seeking sports fanatics as the coolest sport.

Thousands of travelers go to the foothills of Nicaragua’s Cerro Negro Mountain every year to take part in the new sporting craze. Surfers, dressed in protective jump suits, knee-pads and helmets, can reach speeds of up to 80 km/h (50mph) on their specially-constructed plywood (фанера) boards. Since its creation, in 2005, the volcano boarding has attracted more than 10,000 participants.

B. Train Surfing

Usually an illegal sport, train surfing involves riders climbing or “surfing” on the outside of a moving train or subway. The practice is a serious problem in South Africa, where many young people have been killed or injured. The ‘sport’ was made popular in the 1980s in Germany, where it was called “S-Bahn Surfing”. The phenomenon was then forgotten, but in 2005 it was rediscovered by a gang from Frankfurt, Germany. The leader of the crew who called himself “The Trainrider” surfed the InterCityExpress, the fastest train in Germany.

C. Cliff Diving

Cliff diving is defined as the acrobatic perfection of diving into water from a high cliff. This dangerous sport originated from the Hawaiian Islands in 1770. The local king demanded that his men jump off high cliffs and dive into the water feet first without a splash, to prove their courage and loyalty. Today, after centuries, the activity has expanded into a sport that is marked by immense courage, focus, thrill and risk. Cliff diving is one of the riskiest kinds of diving. Certain standards have been set to minimise the risk factor. Some of these include determining the height of the jump (23 - 28 metres for men, 18 -2 3 metres for women), an ideal entering speed of 75 - 100 km/h, and a free fall time of 3 seconds.

D. Underwater Hockey

A little known sport, underwater hockey is what some divers like to do during the winter months when the outside water is too cold for diving. The sport was invented in Great Britain during the 1950’s when some British divers were looking for ways to stay fit during the winter. The game is played using nothing more than snorkeling equipment - and of course the stick, protective gear and gloves. The game is played at the bottom of the pool using a puck (шайба) weighing over one kilogram. The sport is tough and tiring. It is becoming increasingly popular around the world and some countries have formed national teams which take part in world championships.

E. AirKicking

In this strange extreme sport, a human catapult launches individuals over 26 feet in the air into a swimming pool. AirKick works propelling participants through the air in a pre-calculated parabolic trajectory using a special combination of air pressure and water recoil (отдача, отскок) technology. The participant sits in a specially constructed seat at the back end of the catapult arm and 3, 2, 1 ...lift-off! The participant himself sets the device in motion by pushing a button. Approximately 60 litres of water are then forced through a rocket nozzle (сопло) under the seat. This pressurized water propels the participant 8 meters (26 ft) through the air for a cool and refreshing splash down in a swimming pool.


1. Sportsmen use traditional boards in volcano boarding. ______

2. Volcano boarding is practiced on most

of world famous volcanoes. ______

3. Most dangerous sport of train surfing

involves public transportation. ______

4. First cliff divers used to jump into the water head first. ______

5. The origin of cliff diving belongs to a royal tyran. ______

6. The official conditions in cliff diving are the same

for male and female participants. ______

7. Only good divers can play underwater hockey. ______

8. The Russian national team takes part

in underwater hockey world championships every year. ______

9. In AirKicking the person starts

the human catapult himself. ______



Раздел 3. (задания по грамматике и лексике)

  1. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.


Are You Ready For Some Bubble Football?

We (1) ___of artists becoming famous after HEAR

(2) ____ themselves on YouTube, but a whole LAUNCH

new sport being born off a video? That (3) _____ HAVE

to be a first. However that is how ‘Bubble Football’,

a combination of soccer and zorbing (a

sport that involves rolling downhill strapped inside

a ball), (4) _____ popular not just in its birth coun- BECOME

try of Norway, but also all across Europe.

The best part is that the sport (5) _____ as a joke INVENT

by Henrick Elvestad and Johan Gold - hosts of

Norwegian comedy sport show ‘Golden Goal’.

They (6) _____ it (7) ______fun to try to play soccer THINK/BE

while (8) _____ a giant plastic bubble. So they WEAR

(9) _____ a spoof (пародия) video of it on POST

YouTube in 2011. To their surprise, thousands of

people liked it and a new sport (10) _____ born! BE

It (11) _____ so popular that some online stores BECOME

(12) _____ selling and even renting bubble football START

gear for people that want to play or try the game.



2. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.

Rock (1) ____ whitewater (2) _____ and CLIMB/RAFT

(3) ____ used to be considered (4) ____ sports, SKYDIVE/DANGER

(5) _____ for only a few brave people who are SUIT

(6) _____ fit. It’s (7) _____ today, when it is com- USUAL/DIFFER

mon for families to take up such (8) _____ . Why ACTIVE

do people want to take part in (9) _____ DANGER

(10) ____ ? Some experts say it’s a natural ACTIVE

human desire (желание) to test the limits of their

courage and physical (11) _____ . The sports ABLE

(12) _____ Frank Farley of Temple University in PSYCHOLOGY

Philadelphia calls people who do (13) _____ DANGER

sports “Type T” people. They are thrill seekers and

risk takers. Farley has been studying such people

for 35 years. “They’re the mountain (14) _____ , CLIMB

the (15) _____ , the people who sail around the HANG-GLYDE

world in a ten-foot sailboat,” he says. What are the

reasons of the (16) ____ of high-risk sports? POPULAR

Some say it’s due to more wealth, the (17) _____ DEVELOP

of high tech (18) _____ , and even the (19) _____ EQUIP/ABSENT

of (20) _____ risks such as war. Others argue that TRADITION

ease of modern life is part of the reason. In

(21 ) _____ thrill seekers want to display a ADD

(22 ) _____ , rebellious (бунтарский) attitude, YOUTH

whether they’re 16 or 46. Farley says extreme

sports always involve individual (23) ______- even EXPRESS

(24) _____ . CREATIVE





Раздел 4. (задания по письму)

You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Joe.

I’ve just been to the zoo. What lovely animals are there! Bears, tigers and even sharks! When I look at them in the zoo I can hardly imagine that they could be dangerous or eat other animals…

What do you think is better for animals  to live in the zoo or in the wild, why? What animals are common in your region? Have you ever seen any animal in the wild? …


White a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



Задания части “Письмо”

(из пособия авторов учебника Spotlight 8)



Module 1

1. You’ve just come from England where you stayed at your pen friend’s house. Write him/her a thank-you letter. Write 60 -70 words.


  1. You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his four questions. Write 100-120 words.


Are etiquette rules important in your country? How do Russians greet

people they are introduced to? How do they greet friends and relatives?

What should a foreigner do when he/she visits a Russian family?




Module 2

1. Your English pen friend is interested in national dishes. Write her/him an e-mail describing your favourite dish and give a recipe. Write 60-70 words.


2. You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his four questions. Write 100-120 words.

Do you like shopping? What are best known stores in your town? What kind of souvenirs can I buy there? What do you recommend?




Module 3

  1. Your English pen friend is interested in your plans for the future. Write her/him an e-mail about the job you’d like to have; what your parents do for a living and why you are going/not going to do the same. Write 60-70 words.


2. You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his three questions. Write 100-120 words.

Are there many great scientists in your country? Whose invention is the greatest in your opinion? What scientist’s life impressed you most?




Module 4

1. You’ve got a letter from your friend about the debate on uniform at his school in Ireland. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his five questions about your opinions on school dress code. Write 80 -100 words.

Is there a uniform at your school? Do you like it? Does the school uniform improve the study results? Do you think school uniforms save parents’ time and money? In your opinion do school uniforms cut down on a student’s individuality?


2. Your foreign friend sent you a letter about his problem. This year he doesn’t have enough time for his homework and all his hobbies. Write him a letter of advice. Write 100 -120 words.




Module 5

1. Your English pen friend is interested in national proverbs concerning weather predictions. Write her/him an e-mail about Russian proverbs and superstitions. Write 60 -70 words.

2. You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his three questions. Write 100-120 words.

Is your neighborhood polluted? What do you think should be done to reduce pollution ? Do you and your classmates do anything to make your neighborhood cleaner?




Module 6

1. You’ve got a letter from your American friend about his family’s favourite places to travel in the USA. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his four questions about travelling in Russia. Write 80 - 100 words.

What was your most unusual place to visit? How did you feel? Where

would you like to travel? What activities would you like to do there?


2. You spent two weeks in England staying with the Browns host family. Write a letter to them to say thank you and to invite them to visit your place. Write 100-120 words.




Module 7

  1. Your English pen friend is interested in Russian education. Write her/him an e-mail about your favourite lessons and how you are preparing for your future exam in English (State Final Assessment). Write 80 - 90 words.


2. You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his four questions. Write 100 - 120 words.

What do you think of home education, its advantages and disadvantages? Do you like working with the computer? Can it substitute teachers? In what way can we socialise while studying at home?




Module 8

1. You’ve got a letter from your English-speaking friend about his/her interests and free time activities he/she enjoys. Write him/her a letter and answer him/her four questions about what you enjoy doing in your free time. Write 80 -100 words.

What were your interests when you were 10 years old? How have they

changed by now? How does your hobby help you to develop your personality? Who do you share your interests with?


2. Your friend from Europe sent you a letter inviting you to join the online photography club he is a member of. Write him back to ask more about the club and to tell him about your recent pictures of scenery. Write 100-120 words.
















Answers


MODULE I

Вариант 1

Аудирование

Задание №1: 2415

Задание №2: 31624

Задание №3: 323311



Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – E; 3. – D; 4. – A; 5. – ; 6. – B

  2. 1. – NS; 2. – T; 3. – F; 4. – F; 5. – T; 6. – NS; 7. – T; 8. – F; 9. – F; 10. – T



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. entertaining,

  2. won’t be/isn’t,

  3. are invited

  4. is held

  5. eating

  6. dining

  7. be prepared

  8. are expected

  9. invited

  10. do not argue



Задание №2

  1. cultural

  2. hostess

  3. British

  4. Privacy

  5. Personal

  6. Preferences

  7. Impolite

  8. Restrictions

  9. Weekend

  10. Formal

  11. Cultural

  12. Performance

  13. Formally





Вариант 2

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4253

Задание №2: 26341

Задание №3: 311312



Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – F; 3. – A; 4. – B; 5. – D ; 6. – 0

  2. 1. – NS; 2. – T; 3. – F; 4. – F; 5. – NS/F; 6. – T; 7. – F; 8. – NS



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. meeting

  2. first

  3. firmly

  4. looking

  5. men

  6. commonly

  7. third

  8. directly

  9. greet

  10. women

  11. do not assume

  12. to take

Задание №2

  1. dependent

2.survival

  1. hunters

  2. gatherers

  3. starving

  4. anxieties

  5. inhabitants

  6. outgoing

  7. reserved



Bариант 3

Аудирование

Задание №1: 2314

Задание №2: 21546

Задание №3: 312121



Чтение

  1. A – 4, B – 1, C – 6, D – 3, E – 2, 5 - 0

2. – T; 2. – F; 3. – F; 4. – NS; 5. – NS; 6. – F; 7. – F; 8. – T



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. respectful

  2. hurtful

  3. stressful

  4. argument

  5. usually

  6. tensions

  7. communication

  8. strengthen

  9. communication





Задание №2

  1. overcoming

  2. shyness

  3. sharing

  4. boring

  5. interesting

  6. tired

  7. opening

  8. impression

  9. directions

  10. statement

  11. surroundings







MODULE II

Bариант 4

Аудирование

Задание №1: 3214

Задание №2: 62134

Задание №3: 113213



Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – E; 3. – A; 4. – 0; 5. – B; 6. – D

2. – T; 2. – NS; 3. – NS; 4. – F; 5. – T; 6. – F; 7. – F; 8. – F



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. easier

  2. looking

  3. easily

  4. to look

  5. find

  6. to search

  7. paying

  8. more

  9. do not have

  10. don’t find

  11. wasting

  12. are forced

  13. worse

  14. don’t like

  15. switch

  16. cheaper



Задание №2

  1. readers

  2. fanatic

  3. French

  4. recently

  5. Korean

  6. truly

  7. disagree

  8. comments

  9. favourite

  10. Ukrainian

  11. Eastern

  12. European

  13. Existence

  14. Traditionally





Вариант 5

Аудирование

Задание №1: 2514

Задание №2: 53142

Задание №3: 213213



Чтение

  1. 1. – B; 2. – D; 3. – 0; 4. – A; 5. – C

  1. T; 2. – NS; – 3. F; 4. – F; 5. – NS; 6. – F; 7. – T; 8. – NS





Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. have taken

  2. rising

  3. have left

  4. is

  5. printed

  6. smallest

  7. most common

  8. first

  9. has been spotlighted

  10. was

  11. comes

  12. done

  13. have noticed

  14. feels

  15. softer

  16. is not made

  17. used



Задание №2

  1. favourite

  2. messy

  3. frustrating

  4. original solution

  5. normal

  6. maker

  7. invention

  8. user

  9. direction

  10. different

  11. weight

  12. employees













MODULE III

Вариант 6

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4531

Задание №2: 36245

Задание №3: 133212

Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – D; 3. – E; 4. – A; 5. – 0; 6. – B.

  2. 1. – NS; 2. – T; 3. – F; 4. – T; 5. – F; 6. – NS



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. was demonstrated

  2. modified

  3. fastest/achieved

  4. surprisingly

  5. was included

  6. will be

  7. find out

  8. the first

  9. has built

  10. powered

  11. drove

  12. longest

  13. undertaken

  14. to think

  15. designed

  16. racing

  17. was built

  18. recycled



Задание №2

  1. founding

  2. writer

  3. an inventor

  4. a scientist

  5. establishment

  6. services

  7. leading

  8. creation

  9. famous

  10. wealthy

  11. invention

  12. organization

  13. national







Bариант 7

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4531

Задание №2: 25361

Задание №3: 213212



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – B; 3. – 0; 4. – E; 5. – A; 6. – C

  2. 1. – NS; 2. – F; 3. – T; 4. – T; 5. – F; 6. – F; 7. – T; 8. – NS

Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. communicating

  2. playing

  3. to imagine

  4. stepped

  5. made

  6. known

  7. more amazing

  8. took

  9. to introduce

  10. have guessed

  11. weighed

  12. cost

  13. be used

  14. to be charged

  15. cost



Задание №2

  1. effective

  2. leader

  3. speeches

  4. peaceful

  5. discrimination

  6. unemployment

  7. inequality

  8. slavery

  9. protestors

  10. speakers

  11. passionate

  12. inspiring

  13. famous





Bариант 8

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4251

Задание №2: 35162

Задание №3: 131231



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – E; 3. – 0; 4. – A; 5. – C; 6. – B

  2. 1. – T; 2. – F; 3. – NS; 4. – F; 5. – NS; 6. – F; 7. – T; 8. – F.



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. brought

  2. was impressed

  3. did

  4. children

  5. me

  6. didn’t know

  7. fell

  8. could

  9. first



Задание №2

  1. creativity

  2. thinking

  3. discoveries

  4. relativity

  5. different

  6. different

  7. situations

  8. invention

  9. scientific

  10. development

  11. decision





MODULE IV

Bариант 9

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4253

Задание №2: 12634

Задание №3: 322231



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – C; 3 – A; 4. – F; 5. – B; 6. – 0

  2. 1. – T; 2. – F; 3. – NS; 4. – T; 5. – NS; 6. – T; 7. – F; 8. – NS



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. wearing

  2. have become

  3. was born

  4. emigrated

  5. learned

  6. was recognized

  7. Levi Strauss’

  8. found

  9. lasted

  10. was called

  11. was later shortened

  12. named

  13. bought

  14. to make

  15. stronger

  16. using

  17. to steal

  18. agree

  19. will share

  20. was called

  21. are



Задание №2

  1. disagree

  2. statement

  3. Canadian

  4. improved

  5. studies

  6. firmly

  7. difference

  8. financially

  9. individuality

  10. completely

  11. unfair

  12. practically

  13. teachers

  14. distraction

  15. distraction

  16. comfortable



Bариант 10

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4312

Задание №2: 56341

Задание №3: 122332



Чтение

  1. 1. – B; 2. – C; 3. – D; 4. – C 5. – A

  2. 1. F; 2. F; 3. NS; 4. T; 5. T; 6. T; 7. T; 8. NS



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. are caused

  2. don’t talk

  3. don’t talk

  4. least

  5. to be

  6. most typical

  7. these

  8. to dress

  9. upset

  10. more

  11. more

  12. ages

  13. are overcrowded

Задание №2

  1. national

  2. development

  3. daily

  4. national

  5. firmly

  6. arguments

  7. naturally

  8. understandable

  9. western

  10. popularity

  11. comfortable

  12. traditional

  13. national

  14. western

  15. isolated

  16. peculiarity

  17. beginning



Bариант 11

Аудирование

Задание №1: 5314

Задание №2: 43125

Задание №3: 133221



Чтение

  1. 1. – B; 2. – E; 3. – 0; 4. – A; 5. – D; 6. – C

  2. 1. – F; 2. – NS; 3. – T; 4. – NS; 5. – F; 6. – T; 7. – NS; 8. – T





Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. is going

  2. Laura’s

  3. are watching

  4. won’t be

  5. dressed

  6. look

  7. chosen

  8. has coloured

  9. s wearing

  10. thinks

  11. has been

  12. themselves

  13. wearing/to wear

  14. became

  15. grew

  16. became

  17. wore

  18. its

  19. clothes

  20. we’ve

  21. entered

  22. 21st

  23. are replacing

  24. to preserve



Задание №2

  1. faded

  2. comfortable

  3. comfortable

  4. securely

  5. sewing

  6. direction

  7. different

  8. motion





MODULE V

Bариант 12

Аудирование

Задание №1: 5432

Задание №2: 13625

Задание №3: 312112



Чтение

  1. 1. – E; 2. – D; 3. – 0; 4. – B; 5. – A; 6. - C

  2. 1. T; 2. F; 3. NS; 4. T; 5. T; 6. F; 7. NS; 8. F; 9. NS; 10. F



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. have been

  2. to reproduce

  3. actually

  4. trying

  5. was made

  6. began

  7. taking

  8. creating

  9. exposed

  10. recorded

  11. heard

  12. made

  13. faster

  14. are developing

  15. will be

  16. saving

  17. is filled

  18. are

  19. will have



Задание №2

  1. reliable

  2. communicators

  3. coincidence

  4. proof

  5. neighbourly

  6. feelings

  7. Australian

  8. researchers

  9. ecologist

  10. interesting

  11. scientist

  12. communication

  13. findings

  14. conclusion

  15. interesting

  16. farmers

  17. encourage

  18. discourage

  19. growth

  20. dependence





Bариант 13

Аудирование

Задание №1: 2354

Задание №2: 24516

Задание №3: 213132



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – C; 3. – E; 4. – 0; 5. – A; 6. – B

  1. 1. T; 2. F; 3. T; 4. NS; 5. T; 6. F; 7. F; 8. NS





Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. will celebrate

  2. conducting

  3. environmentally

  4. are expected

  5. to voice

  6. needed

  7. most

  8. will return



Задание №2

  1. scientists

  2. European

  3. concentrations

  4. seasonal

  5. scientists

  6. enthusiastic

  7. information

  8. protective

  9. natural

  10. harmful

  11. concentration

  12. scientists

  13. completely

  14. destructive

Bариант 14

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4125

Задание №2: 23145

Задание №3: 313123



Чтение

  1. 1. C; 2. E; 3. – A; 4. – 0; 5. – D; 6. B

  2. 1. T; 2. F; 3. NS; 4. T; 5. F; 6. F; 7. NS; 8. T



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. best

  2. has been

  3. finding

  4. filming

  5. takes

  6. has taken

  7. has taken

  8. has been

  9. a children’s

  10. have been translated

  11. have been

  12. happens

  13. to be



Задание №2

  1. ambitious

  2. flight

  3. announcement

  4. skepticism

  5. Foundation

  6. applications

  7. interested

  8. discomfort

  9. dangerous

  10. successful







MODULE VI

Bариант 15

Аудирование

Задание №1: 3215

Задание №2: 15263

Задание №3: 312212



Чтение

  1. 1. – E; 2. – D; 3. – B; 4. – 0; 5. – C; 6. – A

  2. 1. NS; 2. F; 3. T; 4. F; 5. NS; 6. F; 7. F; 8. T; 9. T; 10. T.



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. am having

  2. think

  3. the most interesting

  4. have ever visited

  5. am staying

  6. has been here

  7. arrived

  8. have changed

  9. came

  10. have started

  11. have been

  12. have learned

  13. didn’t cost

  14. walking

  15. haven’t bought

  16. will get



Задание №2

  1. visitors

  2. attractions

  3. tourists

  4. wonderful

  5. visited

  6. especially

  7. admirable

  8. coastal

  9. highly

  10. visitors

  11. famous

  12. architecture

  13. adventurous

  14. inviting

  15. endless



Bариант 16

Аудирование

Задание №1: 1253

Задание №2: 62154

Задание №3: 322311



Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – E; 3. – A; 4. – D; 5. – 0; 6. - B

  2. 1. T; 2. NS; 3. F; 4. T; 5. NS; 6. T; 7. T; 8. F; 9. NS.

Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. New York’s

  2. are changing

  3. has picked

  4. its

  5. has won

  6. was announced

  7. to offer

  8. will not have to

  9. do not know

  10. would include

  11. had passed

  12. will be able

  13. New York’s

  14. will be built

  15. have been designed

  16. will be replaced



Задание №2

  1. tourism

  2. dramatically

  3. growing

  4. untouched

  5. researchers

  6. wilderness

  7. unspoiled

  8. easily

  9. visitors





MODULE VII

Bариант 17

Аудирование

Задание №1: 4135

Задание №2: 65341

Задание №3: 213233



Чтение

  1. 1. – E; 2. – D; 3. – C; 4. – A; 5. – 0; 6. - B

  2. 1. T; 2. F; 3. NS; 4. T; 5. F; 6. NS; 7. T; 8. F



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. was

  2. graduated

  3. is not allowed

  4. attend

  5. smarter

  6. most prestigious

  7. doesn’t know

  8. wants

  9. grows

  10. has decided





Задание №2

  1. different

  2. educator

  3. activities

  4. educators

  5. information

  6. services

  7. activities

  8. learning

  9. creative

  10. scary





Bариант 18

Аудирование

Задание №1: 3514

Задание №2: 63251

Задание №3: 323213



Чтение

  1. 1. – E; 2. – B; 3. – 0; 4. – D; 5. – A; 6. - C

  2. 1. T; 2. NS; 3. NS; 4. F; 5. F; 6. T



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. are

  2. have been asked

  3. to make

  4. gets

  5. the heaviest

  6. created

  7. populated

  8. were known

  9. left

  10. had been filled

  11. was first made

  12. requires

  13. took

  14. finally

  15. had managed



Задание №2

  1. exactly

  2. assistant

  3. daily

  4. feeding

  5. exercising

  6. training

  7. directions

  8. owners

  9. lucky

  10. teacher

  11. amazingly





Bариант 19

Аудирование

Задание №1: 1324

Задание №2: 12536

Задание №3: 122323



Чтение

  1. 1. – C; 2. – 0; 3. – E; 4. – A; 5 – D; 6. – B

  2. 1. F; 2. T; 3. NS; 4. F; 5. T; 6. NS; 7. T; 8. NS



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. most

  2. to survive

  3. skipped

  4. went

  5. knew

  6. had never expected

  7. tried

  8. was turned

  9. would be bored

  10. realized

  11. was

  12. to take

  13. did not disappoint

  14. got

  15. hasn’t looked

  16. will graduate

  17. helped

  18. older

  19. is planning/plans

  20. has won



Задание №2

  1. winner

  2. Championships

  3. competition

  4. International

  5. amazing

  6. performance

  7. competitions

  8. graders





MODULE VIII

Bариант 20

Аудирование

Задание №1: 2315

Задание №2: 41635

Задание №3: 122232



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – B; 3. – 0; 4. – A; 5. – E; 6. - C

  2. 1. F; 2. F; 3. NS; 4. T; 5. T/NS; 6. T; 7. NS; 8. T



Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. has always loved

  2. came

  3. shares

  4. to make

  5. to make

  6. elder

  7. playing

  8. had

  9. could

  10. stopped

  11. admiring

  12. knew

  13. were

  14. smaller

  15. cousin’s

  16. painted

  17. did not care

  18. chose

  19. kept

  20. gave

  21. took

  22. later

  23. bodies

  24. dirtier

  25. felt

  26. closer

  27. these

  28. have been taking care

  29. feel

  30. would be glad

  31. could





Задание №2

  1. different

  2. miserable

  3. one-legged

  4. unexpectedly

  5. lucky

  6. feeling

  7. protection

  8. childhood

  9. reader’s

  10. luxurious

  11. Princess

  12. unknown

  13. Japanese





Bариант 21

Аудирование

Задание №1: 5413

Задание №2: 14532

Задание №3: 131311



Чтение

  1. 1. – D; 2. – B; 3.– 0; 4. – A; 5. – E; 6. – C.

  2. 1. F; 2. NS; 3. T; 4. F; 5. T; 6. F; 7. T; 8. NS; 9. T





Грамматика

Задание №1

  1. have heard

  2. launching

  3. has to

  4. has become

  5. was invented

  6. thought

  7. would be

  8. wearing

  9. posted

  10. was born

  11. has become

  12. have started



Задание №2

  1. climbing

  2. rafting

  3. skydiving

  4. dangerous

  5. suitable

  6. unusually

  7. different

  8. activities

  9. dangerous

  10. activities

  11. abilities

  12. psychologist

  13. dangerous

  14. climbers

  15. hang-gliders

  16. popularity

  17. development

  18. equipment

  19. absence

  20. traditional

  21. addition

  22. youthful

  23. expression

  24. creativity







Список использованной литературы



  1. Английский язык. Тренировочные упражнения в формате ОГЭ (ГИА). 8 класс: учеб. пособие для общеобразоват. организаций / Ю.Е.Ваулина, О.Е.Подоляко. – 3-е изд. – М.: Просвещение, 2016. – 109 с. – ISBN978-5-09-037695-2.

  2. www.fipi.ru



























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