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Сборник заданий для самостоятельной работы "Практическая грамматика английского языка" 3 часть

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Департамент образования, культуры и молодежной политики Белгородской области

Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение среднего профессионального образования

«СТАРООСКОЛЬСКИЙ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ»




Сборник заданий

для самостоятельной работы по дисциплине «Практическая грамматика английского языка»

для студентов V курса специальности 050303.52 «Иностранный язык»



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Составитель:

Труфанова Г.А.,

преподаватель английского языка


Рецензент:

Акинина Н.В., к.п.н., доцент кафедры филологических дисциплин СОФ БелГУ





Старый Оскол – 2013

Рецензент: доцент кафедры филологических дисциплин СОФ БелГУ, к.п.н. Акинина Н.В.






Сборник заданий для самостоятельной работы по дисциплине «Практическая грамматика английского языка» для студентов V курса специальности 050303.52 «Иностранный язык» / Сост.

Г.А. Труфанова. – Ст. Оскол, 2013. – 81с.





Сборник заданий предназначен для студентов V курса специальности 050303.52 «Иностранный язык» для самостоятельной работы по дисциплине «Практический курс иностранного языка». Он содержит задания, в которых раскрыты проблемы тем, предусмотренных для изучения на V курсе и указанных в программе по этой дисциплине, которая отвечает государственным требованиям. В сборнике представлены задания по таким разделам, как согласование времен, сослагательное наклонение, условные предложения, герундий, инфинитив, сложное дополнение, сложное подлежащее, причастие. При составлении данного сборника были использованы материалы различных пособий таких международно-известных изданий как «Longman», «Cambridge», «Oxford».

Материалы сборника полезен студентам V курса, а также всем изучающим иностранный язык.














ПОЯСНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ЗАПИСКА



Сборник заданий предназначен студентам V курса для самостоятельной работы по дисциплине «Практическая грамматика английского языка». Он представляет собой грамматические задания по изучаемым на V курсе темам: согласование времен, сослагательное наклонение, условные предложения, герундий, инфинитив, сложное дополнение, сложное подлежащее, причастие.

При составлении данного сборника были использованы материалы всемирно известных изданий по практической грамматике такие как «Longman», «Cambridge», «Oxford».

Включенные в сборник задания призваны быть дополнительными упражнениями для самостоятельной работы студентов, помочь им лучше разобраться в изучаемых темах. Задания, вошедшие в сборник, можно использовать при подготовке к занятиям и экзамену по предмету.


Г.А. Труфанова















CONTENTS



The Sequence of Tenses…………………………………………..5

Subjunctives and Conditionals…………………………………...17

The Gerund………………………….………...………………….33

The Infinitive……………………………………………………..49

The Complex Object………………………………...…………...56

The Complex Subject………………………..……………….…..61

The Participle…………………….………..……………………..67

Literature…………………………………...…………………….82















The Sequence of Tenses



Exercise 1.

Change the following into indirect speech,

1. "I have something to tell you," I said to her. 2. "I met her for the first time on a warm sunny morning last spring," he said. 3. "I am going to call again tomorrow, mother," she said. 4. "I've been to Turkey twice, but so far I haven't had time to visit Istanbul," said Robert. 5. "It will be very difficult to persuade her to take care of herself, doctor," I replied. 6. "The president is to come to Madrid the day after tomorrow," said the BBC announcer. 7. "We have a lift but very often it doesn't work," they said. 8. "We have bought a new flat. But we don't like it so much as our last one," said my cousin. 9, "I have left a message for him, but he hasn't phoned yet," she said. 10, "I've no idea who has done it but I'll find out," said Peggy. 11. He said, "My mother has just been operated on," 12. 'I'll come with you as soon as Fin ready," she replied to me. 13. I have a French lesson this evening and I haven't done my homework yet," said the small boy. 14. "She has been sitting” in the garden since the police came," I said to the officer. 15. "You haven’t closed the window and has forgotten to turn off the light," he pointed out,



Exercise 2.

Change the following general questions into indirect speech. Begin your sentences with the words I/he wondered, we/they asked, she/he wanted to know, etc.

Example: Did she go shopping? — 4c asked if/ whether she had gone shopping,

1. Are your children still skiing? 2. Have they had breakfast yet? 3. Is Mike still taking an exam? 4. Did she take part in the performance? 5. Had they already left by the time you went to the station? 6. Do they regularly go to the swimming pool? 7. Will she buy a new Hoover? 8. Will she be training at 10 tomorrow? 9. Does he usually go to the Caribbean’s for his holiday? 10. Did she learn to play the guitar? 11. Has the decision been already taken? 12. Do you know when the results will be out? 13. Does he know your new address? 14, Have you known each other for a long time? 15. Did he begin smoking a pipe?



Exercise 3.

Change the following special questions into indirect speech. Begin your sentences with the words I/he wondered, we/they asked, she/he wanted to knew, etc.

Example: When did she go shopping? — He asked when she had gone shopping.

1. Why did he decide to go to Ethiopia? 2. When was she sent on business? 3. Who will fulfill this task? 4. How long has she been staying here? 5. Who was he speaking to when I came tip to him? 6. Who will play the role of Hamlet? 7. What is shown in this diagram? 8. What is he going to do on Sunday? 9. How long have they been developing this project? 10. Who was this book written by?



Exercise 4.

Imagine that you have come to study to a foreign country and students are asking you questions. Report these questions later to your friend.

Example: "What country do you come from?" asked Bill. — Bill asked what country I came from.

"Do you often go to the swimming-pool?" asked Pete. — Pete asked if I often went to the swimming-pool.

1. "How long have you been here?" said Ann. 2. "Are you working as well as studying?" asked Peter. 3. "Have you got a work permit?" Bill wanted to know. 4. "What are you going to study?" asked Ann. 5. "Have you enrolled for more than one class?" said Peter. 6. "Do you want to buy any second-hand books?" said Bill. 7. "Have you seen the library?" asked Ann. 8. "Do you play rugby?" said Peter. 9. "Will you have time to play regularly?" he went on. 10. "Did you play for your school team?" asked Bill. 11. "Are you interested in acting?" asked Ann. 12. "Would you like to join our drama group?" she asked. 13. "What do you think of our canteen?" asked Pete.



Exercise 5.

Change commands, requests, recommenda­tions into indirect speech.

Example: "Close the door," she asked me. — She asked me to close the door.

1. "Open the safe!" the raiders ordered the bank clerk. 2. "Please do as I say," he begged me. 3. "Help your mother, Peter," Mr. Pitt said. 4. "Don't make too much noise, children," he said. 5. "Do whatever you like," she said to us. 6. "Don't miss your train," she warned them. 7. "Read the document before you sign it," the lawyer said to his client. 8. "Fill in the blank again," he said. 9. "Buy a new car," I advised him. 10. "Don't drive too fast," she begged him. 11. "Don't put your bicycle near my window," said the shopkeeper to me. 12. "Come to the cinema with me," he asked her. 13. "Cook it in butter," I advised her. 14. "Send for the fire brigade," the manager said to the porter. 15. "Please pay at the desk," said the shop assistant to her. 16. "Don't argue with me," said the teacher to the boy. 17. "Pull as hard as you can," he said to her. 18. "Don't lend anything to her," he advised us. 19. "Stand clear off the door," a voice warned the people. 20. "Put down that gun. It's loaded," she warned him.



Exercise 6.

Change sentences with modal verbs and their equivalents into indirect speech.

1. "If what you have said is true I must go to the police," he said. 2. "You don't need to come in tomorrow," said my employer. "You may take a day off." 3. "I'll be busy next week and won't be able to help you," she said to us. ''Besides this text must be typed and as for me, I cannot type, so I'll have to ask somebody to do it," she added. 4. The official said, "This passport photo isn't like you at all. You must have another one taken." 5. "I needn't get up till nine tomorrow," I said. 6. "I must go to the dentist tomorrow," she said to me. "I have an appointment." 7. "I will go to bed. I had to get up very early today," he said. 8. "I couldn't meet her, I was working," he said. 9. "Ann's English is very poor. She must study very hard," the teacher said. 10. "Something was wrong with the receiver, I could not hear you well yesterday," she said.



Exercise 7.

Translate into English paying attention to the sequence of tenses.

1, Я знал, что она еще не прочитала письмо. 2. Она считала, что ананасы растут на деревьях. 3. Он сказал нам, что расплатился с долгами (pay one's debts) боль­ше месяца назад. 4. Она сказала, что пишет это сочине­ние (composition) уже три часа. 5. Она не знала, успеш­но ли закончилась (be a success) операция. 6. Том по­звонил в полицию и сказал, что все его вещи украдены. 7. Капитан приказал всем подняться на борт (get aboard). 8. Они не знали, будут ли опубликованы ре­зультаты их исследований. 9. Я думал, что он работает, и не вошел в комнату. 10. Он попросил, чтобы она не беспокоилась. 11. Я не знаю, когда он приедет в Моск­ву. 12. Они поинтересовались, бывал ли я когда-ни­будь заграницей (abroad). 13. Он сказал им, что они не должны говорить об этом сейчас. 14. Наш гид (guide) рассказал нам, что замок (castle) был возведен в 14-ом веке. 15. Я надеюсь, что новый мост будет построен в следующем году.

Exercise 8.

Change the following into indirect speech paying attention to conditional sentences.

1. "I'll put a book into your briefcase in case you want to read," Mother said. 2. He said, "If she follows my advice, all will turn out well." 3. "Annette will have come to Paris in an hour if there are no delays," Pete thought. 4. "These letters must be sent immediately as soon as they are translated," the manager said. 5. "I'll take you out for a walk after I have seen the film," he said to his dog. 6. "I am sure she will sing to us provided we ask her," he whispered. 7. "If she trains hard she will win the Cup," the trainer said. 8. "If she stays in bed for a couple of days, she will be all right in a week," the doctor said to the mother. 9. "If the train comes on time we'll be able to see the football match," he said to me. 10. She said, "I won't come if I am not invited."



Exercise 9.

Translate into English paying attention to the sequence of tenses in the clauses of time and condition.

1. Я знал, что когда они вернутся, они обязательно позвонят нам. 2. Он сказал мне, что они не поедут туда, пока не узнают адреса. 3. Она сказала, что встретила приятеля, с которым училась в школе. 4. Она сказала мне, что вряд ли узнает район, так как он сильно изме­нился. 5. Он спросил, что я буду делать, когда выйду на пенсию (retire). 6. Он сказал, что как только докумен­ты будут получены, их пришлют нам. 7. Медсестра (nurse) сказала, что мы сможем поговорить с врачом только после того, как он осмотрит больного (examine a patient). 8. Он спросил меня, есть ли какая-нибудь на­дежда, что я изменюсь. 9. Корреспондентам сообщили, что проблема цен еще обсуждается и что, как только она будет решена, контракт будет подписан. 10. Он сказал, что прошло пять лет тех пор, как они женаты. 11. Он напомнил (remind) мне, что когда мы были сту­дентами, мы всегда помогали друг другу. 12. Профес­сор сказал, чтобы я не приходил, пока не выучу весь материал.



Test 1.

Choose the right variant.

1. He ___for some time before a servant ___and ___what he___.

a) knocked, opened, asked, wanted

b) was knocking, opened, asked, was wanting

c) had been knocking, opened, asked, wanted

d) had knocked, had opened, had asked, had wanted

2. The doctor ___there ___nothing to worry about if the fever ___above 38,5°.

a) said, was, would not go

b) tells, is, will go

c) says, had been, went

d) said, was, did not go

3. I ___a wash and a brush-up before starting to go to the luncheon Tom ___me to, when they ___me from the desk to say that he ___below.

a) had, was invited, were ringing, had been

b) was having, invited, had rung, was

c) was having, had invited, rang, was

d) had been having, had invited, had rung, had been

4. While we ___at ___lunch, a letter ___to me from my sister.

a) were,___, was delivered

b) had been, a, was being delivered •

c) were, the, had been delivered

d) have been,___, has been delivered

5. Some day I ___to Paris to revisit all the places where I ___in the time of my youth. I ___them for a quarter of a century or so.

a) will have gone, have lived, haven't seen

b) am going, had lived, did not see

c) will go, lived, haven't seen

d) will be going, had lived, hadn't seen

6. Hardly ___asleep ___an alarm clock___.

a) have I gone, than, will ring

b) had I gone, when, rang

c) I had gone, then, had rung

d) was I going, as, was ringing.

7. We ___continue our research unless he ___us.

a) can't, won't help

b) will not be able to, does not help

c) can, will help

d) won't be able to, helps

8. We ___him in many moods, but none of us ___him to do a cruel thing.

a) see, ever know

b) see, don't ever know

c) have seen, have ever known

d) have seen, haven't ever known

9. He needed to feel that he___, that he ___here, and that his word___.

a) was being listened to, was commanding, was always obeyed

b) is being listened to, is commanding, is always obeyed

c) was listened to, was being commanding, was always being obeyed

d) is listened to, is being commanding, was always being obeyed

10. Look! What ___beautiful view! The sun ___yet, but the grey sky ___near the horizon.

a) ___, was not appeared, is parted

b) ___, did not appear, parted

c) the, has not been appeared, has parted

d) a, has not appeared, is parted

11. When he saw that someone ___at him, he did not immediately realize who this someone___.

a) looked, is

b) was looking, was

c) has been looking, is

d) had looked, was being

12. While our coffee___, I __him our sad story which impressed him___.

a) was making, told, greatly

b) was being made, said, great

c) had been made, told, great

d) was being made, told, greatly

13. It ___in the night, but now there ___sunshine.

a) has rained, was

b) had rained, had been

c) is raining, is being

d) has been raining, is

14. As he ___the room that morning, Ann ___up the letter which she___.

a) was entered, was holding, had just received

b) was entering, has held, has just received

c) entered, was holding, had just received

d) had entered, held, has just received

15. I ___a note with the address of the hotel and the boy's name into his pocket ___he ___his way.

a) have put, provided, will lose

b) will put, providing, will have lost

c) have put, in case, loses

d) will have put, when, have lost

16. They___, but as they ___me there ___a hush.

a) were talking, saw, was

b) are talking, have seen, had been

c) had been talking, will see, would be

d) have been talking, had seen, will be

17. Come on, if the sun ___before we ___home, we ___our way.

a) has set, reach, will lose

b) will have set, will reach, lose

c) will have set, reach, will lose

d) has been set, will reach, lose

18. ___when he ___her for the first time.

a) Tell me, has met c) Say to me, met

b) Say me, had met d) Tell me, met

19. He was tired and by the time I___, he ___asleep.

a) have come, has fallen

b) came, fell

c) came, had fallen

d) had come, had fallen

20. The great majority of students ___present at the conference. ___great number of them ___to listen to your lecture and each of them ___ready to answer your questions.

a) are, A, want, is c) is, A, wants, are

b) are, The, want, is d) is, The, wants, has been









Subjunctives and Conditionals



Exercise 10.

Use the subjunctive mood in the following sentences.

Example: I will be glad to meet you again. — I would be glad to meet you again.

1. I will apologize to him for being late. 2. Everybody will be glad to go there. 3. I'll eat something sweet. 4. It does not make much difference. 5. I won't go to Egypt in summer. 6. She will do her best to improve the situation. 7. He will give you a different answer. 8. Nobody blames them. 9. Do you find it inconvenient? 10. He will warn you of the danger. 11. A true friend will never fail you. 12. They will accept the invitation for Sunday. 13. I will never agree to it. 14. A wise man will find a way out of the situation. 15. It will be interesting to find out who is right.



Exercise 11.

Open the brackets and use the subjunctive mood.

Example: Why didn't you tell me? I (close) the window long ago. — / would have closed the window long ago.

1. In your place I (arrange) everything yesterday. 2. At that time he (take) the necessary steps. 3. Why did you wash up? I (do) it myself. 4. She (buy) the dress, but she had no money. 5. He (advise) them what to do, but he couldn't get in touch with them. 6. We (go) to the country rain or shine, but he was busy last weekend. 7. I (come) to see him last week, but I got ill and had to stay in bed. 8. It (be) important then but not now. 9. They (take) a taxi, but there was none. 10. Why didn't you ask them to discuss your problem then? They (not postpone) it.



Exercise 12.

Choose the right variant.

1. I would (have brought/bring) the book, but you did not tell me you needed it. 2. It would (be/have been) wise of you to consult a dentist twice a year. 3. I think nobody would (object/have objected) to having a party tomorrow. 4. I did not know that it was so important for you. I would (do/have done) it long ago. 5. In your place I wouldn't (argue/have argued) with her yesterday. She is your boss. 6. Last year he wouldn't (say/have said) so of John. 1. I wouldn't (worry/have worried) about it now. Everything will clear up soon. 8. We would (stay/have stayed) for an hour, but it is rather late. 9. We did not know that we would come to the lake. We would (take/ have taken) our rods. 10. I would (go/have gone) to sea, but my father wanted me to be a lawyer.



Exercise 13.

Open the brackets in the conditional sentences making necessary changes.

A Example: If he (come) tomorrow, he will help us. — If he comes tomorrow, he will help us.

1. If you (put) salt on ice, it will melt. 2. If he (leave) now, he will miss the rush hour. 3. Provided that she (service) the car, we'll be able to drive to the country. 4. Unless he (do) his homework, he'll stay at home. 5. Providing that we (get up) early, we'll reach the place of destination in time. 6. They will let us know if they (see) him.

В Example: If he (come) tomorrow, he would help us. — If he came tomorrow, he would help us.

1. If you met the president, what you (do)? 2. If he (live) nearer, we would see each other more often. 3. I might go for a walk if the weather (be) nice. 4. I would call him up if he (come) tomorrow. 5. If I were as young as you are, I (sail) in a boat round the world. 6.1 would go skiing if there (be) more snow. 7. She would play tennis if it (be) not so hot. 8. If I (be) in his shoes, I wouldn't invite the Browns. 9. If we (not have) to study, we would go out tonight. 10. Where you (go) if you were on leave?

C Example: If he (come) yesterday, he would have helped us. — If he had come yesterday, he would have helped us.

1. She (notice) this mistake if she had been more attentive. 2. I might have gone on an excursion with you if I (know) about it beforehand. 3. If we (know) that you were there, we would have called on you. 4. If I had known of his arrival, I (meet) him. 5. Nobody told me about your trouble. I would have helped you if I (know) about it. 6. If you had tried your best, you (get) the job. 7. If he (not work) late, he would have caught his bus. 8. If Mary had agreed to sit in for us, we (go) to the movie yesterday. 9. He (pass) his exams well if he had studied hard. 10. I would have prepared everything yesterday if I (receive) your message on Monday.

Exercise 14.

Open the brackets using the proper form of the subjunctive mood.

1. He failed to appreciate our difficulty. He (behave) differently if he (realize) the situation. 2. He often asks me about you. If you (come) to see him tonight, he (be) delighted. 3. Why did you leave so hurriedly? If you (stay) there for another week, he (finish) your portrait. 4. Why do you always talk in such a scornful manner? If I (be) in your shoes, I (not be) so rude. 5. If you (smoke) less, you (feel) much better. 6. I think that if you (tell) them that our invitation still stands, they (give) it another thought. 7. She (do) her best to save the situation if she (be) there but she was on business then. 8. Where you (go) if you (be) ел leave now? 9. How about, going to Spain? The weather (be) perfect if we (go) now, and we (be) able to go water-skiing. 10. If Jack (come) home earlier last night, he (call) you back. 11. If you (not complain) so much then, everyone (be) satisfied and she (not) be fired. 12. What you (reply) if somebody (apologize) to you?



Exercise 15.

Change the following sentences according to the example.

Example: If he came to see us, we would have a good time. Should he come to see us, we would have a good time. If he had come to see us yesterday, we would have had a good time. Had he come to see us yesterday, we would have had a good time,

1. If I had known who was invited, I would have never come. 2. You would hardly recognize her if you met her. 3. If a passer-by hadn't helped us, we would not have found the way. 4. Mother would have had a short rest if the sick boy had gone to sleep. 5. We wouldn't have made friends with them if we hadn't stayed at the same hotel. 6. It wouldn't have been so cold in the morning if the wind had stopped blowing. 7. Peter would accept your invitation if he were in London. 8. They wouldn't have quarreled if they both bad not been so nervous. 9. If they didn't like each other, they wouldn't spend so much time together. 10. If it snowed, the weather would get warmer.



Exercise 16.

Open the brackets and put the verbs into the correct form. Pay attention to the adverbial modifiers of time.

1. If he (book) tickets yesterday, he (lie) on the beach now. 2. She (not forgive) him if she (not be) his mother. 3. If you (drink) less last night, you (not feel) so bad today. 4. If he (be) cleverer, he (not behaved) so foolishly yesterday. 5. If I (know) English well, I (translate) the article long ago. 6. I (take) part in the last competition if I (be) younger. 7. If he (do) work yesterday, he (be) free today. 8. If you (take) into account his behavior then, you (not have) so much trouble now. 9. You (may be) a star now if you (be offered) the part in the film then. 10. If she (not decide) to change a job last year, she (go) to China next month. 11. He (not go) to sleep over that book if it (not be) so dull. 12. If he (be) a good musician, he (take part) in yesterday's concert.



Exercise 17.

Translate into English.

1. Ты бы расстроился (be upset), если бы я не при­шел? 2. Будь он осторожнее, он бы не упал. 3. Если бы он не приехал на машине встретить нас, нам бы са­мим пришлось нести свои вещи. 4. Ты бы пошла куда-нибудь вечером, если бы он тебя пригласил? 5. Мы бы поехали сегодня в бассейн, если бы вы позвонили вчера вечером, 6. Если бы он мог дать положительный (positive) ответ, он бы давно это сделал. 7. Я бы на тво­ем месте не стал бы поднимать такой шум (raise a clamor), 8- Если бы ты принял его предложение, ты бы давно работал в хорошей фирме. 9. Будь я на вашем месте, я бы пошел пораньше, чтобы застать его. 10. Если бы он вел машину осторожнее, никакой бы аварии не произошло, 11 Не сломай он ногу, он бы выиграл тур­нир (tournament) . 12. Никто бы не обвинил (blame), тебя, если бы ты вел себя по-другому.



Exercise 18.

Open the brackets and use the correct form of the subjunctive mood,

1. She was breathing heavily as if she (run) a long distance. 2. It seemed as though he (know) it long ago, 3. She looked at him as if she (see) a ghost. 4, He looked as if he (want) to say something but (be) afraid to begin his speech. 5, She behaved as though nothing (happen), 6, It seemed as if he never (hear) of it before. 7. They met as though they (see) each other for the first time. 8. They talked as if they never (meet) before, 9, They talked as if they (know) each other for ever so many years and it (not be) the first time they met. 10. He nodded slowly as if he (agree) to her suggestion but she knew he would never do it. 11. Her eyes were swollen and had shadows as if she (not sleep). 12, They stared at each other in silence, and it was as if they (listen) for distant footsteps. 13. He speaks French as if he (be) a Frenchman. 14. Nothing had changed in the room but it seemed as though somebody (be) there, 15. She looked very tired as if she (work) from early morning till late at night.



Exercise 19.

Translate into English,

1. Она счастлива, посмотри на нее. Она выглядит так, как будто помолодела на несколько лет. 2. У него было такое чувство, как будто его обманули (deceive). 3. Взрыв (explosion) был очень сильным. Стало светло как днем. 4. Он выглядит так, как будто он победи­тель. 5. Она не остановилась, как будто не слышала, что ее зовут. 6. Вы выглядите усталым, как будто дав­но не отдыхали. 7. Он часто смотрел на часы, как будто спешил куда-то. 8. Она смотрит на мир, как будто он принадлежит ей. 9. Он уставился на меня, как будто я сказал что-то не то.





Exercise 20.

Choose the right variant and translate the sentences into Russian.

1. She wished at that moment she (had not sent/did not send) for him. 2. "I wish I (had been/were) there with you," he said with deep regret. 3. She says she wishes I (had been/were) a thousand miles away. 4. I wish she (had not looked/did not look) so sad. 5. The professor wishes I (had studied/studied) harder. 6. We wished he (had not come/did not come) so late yesterday. 7. I wish you (had seen/saw) the play. It was a great success. 8. I wish they (had introduced/introduced) their friends to me at the party. 9. She wishes her father (hadn't known/ didn't know) it. 10. He wished they (hadn't noticed/didn't notice) his embarrassment.



Exercise 21.

Paraphrase the following sentences using the subjunctive mood after the verb wish.

Example: It's a pity you are so busy these days. — I wish you were not so busy these days.

1. It's a pity we won't be able to reach the village before sunset. 2. My friend regrets not having told you all at once. 3. It's a pity that you did not send your son for one of us last night. 4. What a pity you are leaving so soon. 5. Unfortunately, he did not receive the answer before Christmas. 6. I am sorry I made you upset by bringing such depressing news. 7. The patient was sorry that he had not fulfilled all the doctor's instructions. 8. She was sorry she had no money to buy a toy for her son. 9. They were disappointed that they had not persuaded her. 10. It's a pity we are not so young as you are.



Exercise 22.

Translate into English.

1. Как жаль, что он пришел так поздно. Мы не ус­пели поговорить о наших проблемах, 2. Как жаль, что он не разработал этот проект. 3. Как жаль, что нам придется так скоро уехать. 4. Обидно, что вы не дожда­лись его прихода. 5. Я теперь жалею, что не послушал­ся его совета. 6. Обидно, что вас не поняли. 7. Жаль, что вы упустили такой шанс. 8. Обидно, что ей придет­ся отказаться от такого предложения. 9. Как жаль, что он работает допоздна. 10. Он пожалел, что пришел и привел с собой друга. 11. Я бы очень хотела быть сей­час в Лондоне. 12. Как бы мне хотелось говорить по-английски так же хорошо, как он.



Exercise 23.

Choose the correct variant.

1. It was desirable that we (started/start) at dawn. 2. I insist that she regularly (should inform/would inform) us of her whereabouts. 3. It was suggested that they (cover/would cover) the distance in very short time. 4. The lawyer demanded that the prisoner (would be freed/ be freed). 5. The coach insisted that the athlete (should start/starting) training in a month. 6. The chairman proposed that the question (being put/be put) to vote. 7. Why do you insist that he (do/would do) the task on his own? 8. It is necessary that the sick man (to stay/ stay) in bed for a fortnight. 9. It is not advisable that the children (were left/be left) alone. 10. It is important that Mr. Leeds (would give/should give) a speech.





Exercise 24.

Paraphrase the following using the Subjunctive mood.

1. It is advisable for you to see a doctor before going to the South. 2. He had to suggest her taking part in the competition. 3. The doctor recommended her to keep to a diet. 4. The captain ordered everybody to leave the deck. 5. The majority of the committee insisted on the matter being postponed. 6. It was suggested the celebration being put off. 7. It is necessary for the child to spend more time out of doors. 8. The demonstrators demand the increase in prices. 9. It is quite uncommon for them to be against such a reasonable suggestion. 10. They advised her to find another job. 11. It is necessary for you to hand in an application not later than a week. 12. He insisted on being given a chance to prove his point of view. 13. It is very important for them to see the purpose of their work. 14. They requested for the goods to be delivered in time. 15. It is desirable for the applicant to have his address and telephone number in case the management may want him.





Exercise 25.

Translate into English using the sub­junctive mood.

1. «Желательно, чтобы вы повторили (revise) все слова перед контрольной работой», — сказал препода­ватель. 2. Он настаивал на том, чтобы ему передали всю дополнительную информацию. 3. Я требую, чтобы он ушел. 4. Комиссия предложила включить его в спи­сок. 5. Мы предлагаем им сделать перерыв. 6. Детям необходимо спать на открытом воздухе. 7. Вы должны, наконец, настоять, чтобы он возвращался домой вовре­мя. 8. Комитету рекомендовано разработать новую программу. 9. Председатель (chairman) предложил отложить вопрос. 10. Профессор требует от нас сдавать работы в напечатанном виде. 11. Предлагаю сделать это упражнение сейчас. 12. Погода хорошая, и я реко­мендую всем прогуляться до станции пешком.



Exercise 26.

Find and correct the mistakes if any.

1. I cannot give him such a job. I wish he were light-minded. 2. It was desirable that all participants came on time. 3. If he would go there, I did not come. 4. He insisted that everybody would sign the paper. 5. He looks upon the cottage as if it is his property. 6. If he had come a bit earlier, he would have time to say goodbye to you. 7. She wished she had never mentioned his name. 8. Was it so important that he be present? 9. Should he could do it, he would do it. 10. I demand that he is taken to hospital immediately.



Test 2.

Choose the right variant.

1. ___beforehand, we ___the catastrophe.

a) did we know, would prevent

b) would we know, had prevented

c) had we known, would have prevented

d) should we know, had prevented

2.1 don't know how ___him. I wish I ___his name.

a) address, did not know

b) to address, knew

c) addressing, would know

d) to address, should know

3.1 look forward to ___a rest. I ___as if my head _ splitting.

a) having, feel, were

b) having, feel myself, were

c) have, had felt, were

d) have, am feeling, is

4. He couldn't remember his mother___, But would everything _______if mother hadn't died?

a) dying, be, differently

b) to die, have been, as different

c) dying, have been, different

d) die, has been, so different

5. "Oh, Mary," she said. "I wish you ___with us, for we had ___fun."

a) had been, such a

b) were, so___

c) would be, so a

d) had been, such___

6.1 remember his colour ___away in a moment and he seemed ___as if he___.

a) go, breathing, had been running

b) to go, to breathe, ran

c) going, to breathe, had been running

d) have gone, to be breathing, was running

7. The vase is beautiful. You _______to match___ you___.

a) wouldn't find, another, unless, had tried

b) wouldn't have found, the other, if, would have tried

c) shouldn't find, the other, unless, tried

d) wouldn't find, another, if, tried

8. If you ___the medicine the doctor prescribed you, you _______now.

a) had taken, would feel, much better

b) took, would feel, much more well

c) would take, would feel yourself, much more better

d) had taken, would have felt, much more good

9. I remember it so ___as if it ___only yesterday.

a) clear, happened

b) clearly, had happened

c) clear, would have happened

d) clearly, would happen

10. If you ___the article I recommended you, you ___how ___such questions.

a) had read, had known, to answer

b) read, would know, the answer

c) would have read» would know, answer

d) had read, would know, to answer

11.1 must be off now. If it ___not so___, I ___a little longer.

a) were, lately, would stay

b) were, late, would stay

c) had been, late, would have stayed

d) wouldn't be, lately, stayed

12. ___ I ___the story from his own lips I___ that he was capable of ___action.

a) if, had heard, would never believe, such

b) unless, had heard, would have never believed, such an

c) in case, have heard, would never believe, so an

d) provided, had heard, would have never believed, such

13. In order to make our demands effective and to get the authorities ___them we suggested that there ___no return to work today.

a) to fulfill, be

b) fulfill, should be

c) fulfilled, would be

d) fulfilling, were

14. I am going to have my kitchen___. It is necessary that every crack ___covered; also between ___floor and ___door.

a) to repair, will be, the.___

b) to be repaired, is,___. the

c) repaired, should be, the , the

d) being repaired, be,___,___

15. John demanded that Andrew ___to the house with him to.___ tea.

a) would return,___

b) returned, the

c) return,___

d) should return, the

16. She wished he ___what he ___to say, and let

a) would say, has, her to go

b) said, had, she go

c) had said, would have, she going

d) said, had, her go

17. He thought how hard the wind ___and how the cold sharp rain ___in his face at that moment, if he___ ___at home.

a) was blowing, would be beating, were not sitting, comfortably

b) is blowing, will be beating, is not sitting, comfortable

c) blew, beat, was not sitting, comfortably

d) had blown, had beaten, were not sitting, comfortable

18.1___to your place with pleasure ___nothing ___me,

a) will come, unless, prevented

b) will come, if, prevents

c) would come, unless, prevented

d) would have come, providing, would prevent

19. When they_______lunch he suggested that they ___a stroll to___Luxembourg museum.

a) have finished, the, should have, the

b) finished,___, had,___

c) would have finished, a, would have,___

d) had finished,___, have, the

20. You never did anything___to___. If you _ you___more support now.

a) well, someone, did, would have

b) good, anyone, did, would have had

c) well, anyone, had done, would have had

d) good, anyone, had done, would have



The Gerund

Exercise 27.

You can use either gerunds or infinitives after the following verbs. Find the odd word in the chain of the verbs.

Example: fancy avoid agree postpone

1) deny

practise

afford

suggest

2) offer

mention

risk

mind

3) put off

prove

learn

aim

4) admit

fancy

fail

consider

5) expect

happen

give up

tend

6) enjoy

endure

imagine

appear

7) can't help

adore

refuse

carry on

8) delay

have difficulty

intend

spend time

9) can't stand

keep

resist

seem

10) be busy

neglect

threaten

plan



Exercise 28.

Complete the following sentences using gerunds.

1. (Be) free and alone is a good thing if you are tired of big cities. 2. (Find) you here was a quite a surprise. 3. If this is what you intend (ask) me, stop (waste) your time. 4. They kept on (talk) though the band began (play). 5. Everyone enjoyed (swim) in the river. 6. My watch needs (repair). 7. He never mentioned (live) in Prague. 8. He does not seem to mind (air) the room. 9. Just imagine (go) there together! 10. Don't put of (do) it now. If you postpone (receive) a visa again, you will miss an excellent opportunity of (go) there.

Exercise 29.

Match the parts of the sentences.

1) Making money

2) Being born in my provincial town

3) There is a general feeling all around

4) He promised them that no harm

5) Would you mind

a) would come to them for signing the papers.

b) looking up his tele­phone number?

c) is my dream also.

d) wasn't much different from being born in Brooklyn.

e) that her running away was a good thing.



Exercise 30.

Complete the following sentences with gerunds formed from the verbs in the box.

Buy, comment, answer, sign, pay, help, recognize, make go, see, escape.

1. ___big prices for famous pictures is now a wealthy man's way of___taxation. 2. English grammar is very difficult and few writers have avoided___mistakes. 3. Maurice was saved from___ by Kate's entry with the tray. 4 The elderly ladies enjoyed___who came in and out, ___old friends, and___unfavourably how these had aged. 5. Of course the contract is mutually beneficial and he is all for___it. 6. The important part of his life is___people. 7. Parks at night is a dangerous place to walk. Avoid ___there after darkness. 8. Father suggested ___a new machine.



Exercise 31.

Make up sentences using gerunds.

1. Forgive (I, take up) so much of your time. 2. Do you mind (he, join) us? 3. Does he feel like (stay) here for another week? 4.1 appreciate (you, encourage) him when he failed in his experiment. 5. Do you know the reason for (he, feel) disappointed? 6. "It's no good (you, hate) it," he said becoming didactic. 7. Only the other day they had been talking about (something, happen), 8, She was listening hard all the time for any sound of (Jan, descend) the stairs. 9. He wishes he'd never told you the truth but it's no use (he, deny) it. 10. Cursing himself for (not learn) to drive a car he woke up Toni. 11. Of course, I should insist on (you, accept) the proper professional fee. 12. Bob was feeling rather unwell, and was not really looking forward to (we, visit) him. 13. My father thinks I am not capable of (earn) my own living. 14. He warned us that there was no point in (we, arrive) half an hour earlier. 15. They were talking about (she, give up) the job and (go) to live in the country.

Exercise 32.

Open the brackets and use the proper gerund either in the active or passive voice.

1. The speaker was annoyed at (interrupt) every other moment. 2. He showed no sign of (hurt). 3. They showed no sign of (recognize) us. 4. He insists on (pay) for his work done. 5. We did not want to speak to the correspondent and tried to avoid (interview) by him. 6. Excuse me for (give) so much trouble to you. 7. After (examining) by the doctor I was given a sick leave. 8. They deny (rob) the bank, but admit (make) plans about it. 9. The problem is not worth (speak of). 10. Why does he avoid (meet) journalists? 11. She insisted on (show) the files to her. 12. She does not stand (remind) people of their duties and (remind) of hers. 13. He is not used to (speak to) like that. 14. He had never thought of security because he had no idea of (kidnap). 15. Did you succeed in (persuade) your colleagues? 16, The TV set needs (repair). 17. He is looking forward to (give) the main part in the play. 18. After (look through) the papers were registered. 19. He can't do anything without (disturb) anybody or (disturb). 20. Have you ever dreamed of (earn) a million dollars?



Exercise 33.

Complete the sentences on the right using the gerunds formed from the verbs in the box.

Persuade, go, remember, gamble, do, see, try, visit, talk, watch, buy, get, speak, cry.

4. Do you ever watch TV? Never. I think it's a waste of time___. 2.1 advise you to see the film which is on at our local cinema. It is worth___. 3. He is speaking too much. I think it's no use ___into every detail. 4. Why are you speaking so much of it? To my mind, the matter is not worth ___of. 5. Why are you crying? You are seven years old already. Is it good ___over the broken doll? 6. Stay in bed then. It is no good. ___anything if you feel bad. 7. Have you talked to Alice? Yes, but we had difficulty ___ to her. I did not expect her to be so stubborn. I think it's a waste of time ___her to follow cur advice. 8. She has bought a new fur coat. Well, to my mind, there is no point in ___a new one if she has already got four coats! 9. What are you going to do tonight? Let's go to the casino. I think it is a waste of money___. 10. Where have you been this summer? In Moscow, I had difficulty___, a visa. 11. She has left for Paris. It's no use ___to get in touch with her, 12. England and Brazil are going to play tomorrow. I've already bought tickets. Matches between England and Brazil are worth ___. 13. Ronald Reagan often used Russian proverbs in his speech. I think he supposed they were worth___.



Exercise 34.

Fill in the blanks with prepositions after, before, by, on, without.

1. What did she mean ___boasting like this? 2. His knowledge has improved ___taking a training course. 3. He could tell the funniest story ___smiling. 4.___ entering the house she rushed to the telephone ___greeting anybody. 5. You can keep healthy and fit ___jogging in the morning. 6. Where did he go ___finishing his work? 7.___writing an article about the events he must go to the place where they are taking place. 8.___hearing a woman's cry he jumped up from his seat. 9.___ going through the customs office he went aboard the plane. 10. She was upset ___not getting an answer from him.



Exercise 35.

Fill in the blanks with proper gerunds (use the verbs in the box).

Send call go take speak find accomplish come part laugh gamble explain steal cheat support live take buy



1, He has succeeded in___a difficult task and we are proud of him. 2. You should ask him for help. It seems to me that he is very good at___everything. 3, Mr. Grimsby hasn't got enough experience. I am against___in our work and I object___to the conference. 4. The audience burst out___at the sight of the monkey going through different tricks. 5. Do you know he has given up___? 6. I don't insist on ___there by plane. 7. Though nobody suspected him of___, his companions accused him of_______ them when he was responsible for___goods for their company. 8. They are engaged in___new people for their firm. 9. Why do you persist in___him? 10. He is fed up with___alone. He is looking forward to his family___ in two days. 11. They prevented us from___rash steps. 12. She feels like___too much when she drinks a glass of champagne. 13. He decided against___her again.



Exercise 36.

Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs where necessary.

1. The policeman accused him ___exceeding the speed limit. 2. She has been dreaming___flying to the Bahamas. 3. The rain prevented him___going to the country. 4. They have decided___buying a new car. 5. He succeeded___being promoted. 6. I feel___staying at home. It is rather cold. Let's watch a new film on TV instead___going to the picnic. 7. She is fed_______ staying in the village. 8. He went to the disco despite ___having a headache. 9. She is looking_______playing the leading part in the performance. 10.1 think it's no use ___ trying to get him home. 11. Everybody congratulated her___passing the exam so well. 12. He is not very good___taking decisions quickly. 13. They don't approve___her getting married to James. 14. The police suspect him___drug smuggling. 15. We have difficulty___installing the new equipment.



Exercise 37.

Paraphrase the sentences using the gerunds. Use prepositions or adverbs where necessary (gerundial phrases are in bold type).

Example: We have no objections. They may leave at once. We have no objections to their leaving at once.

1. He is unable to resist her charm. It's funny. 2. They told the truth. You shouldn't deny it. 3. You shouldn't take advantage of people's weakness. It's no good. 4. I confided in this man. I admit it. 5. She accepted the proposal. Her mother was displeased with it. 6. We rang the bell» and we were admitted to the hall. 7. I'd like to speak to you frankly. I hope you don't mind it. 8. He is admitted to our closed circle. I object to it. 9. He was afraid that I would change the decision. 10. I regret that I gave you so much trouble. 11. After he had studied the weather forecast in great detail, he said he would go back to London. 12. Why do you insist that he should be present there? 13.I am really ashamed that I haven't written to you for so long. 14. You submitted the report to the secretary. I remember it. 15. I was prepared to dislike Mr. Kalama even before I met him. 16. He suggested that we should start at once. 17. We are looking forward to the fact that at you will spend the summer with us. 18. He is responsible that the letter is delivered only today. 19. This woman's face attracted his attention as familiar for he remembered that she had passed by him several times.



Exercise 38.

Open the brackets with either gerunds or infinitives. Use prepositions or adverbs where necessary.

1. There is no point (worry) about these things. 2. Do you want me (order) a long-distance call? 3. Before (give) evidence you must swear (speak) the truth. 4. I've seen him (leave) the office early this afternoon. He seemed (be) unhappy about something. 5. She didn't succeed (be) economical. 6. Would you mind (look up) his telephone number? 7. I'm looking forward (make) an appointment with this businessman. 8. It was a lovely day, so I suggested (go) to the country. 9. Would you mind (close) the window? I hate (sit) in. a draught. 10. It's worth (arrange) the things properly. 11. I'd like you (arrange) everything by the time I come back. 12. It's very difficult (deal) with him because he got used (do) everything in his own way. 13. The teacher was very strict. Nobody dared (speak) to each other. 14. They don't have much money. They can't afford (go) out very often. 15. It is no use (have) a car if you don't know how (drive).



Exercise 39.

Choose the right variant with the following verbs.

A remember

1. Remember (to look/looking) ahead when driving. 2. When you go on that mission please remember (to point out/pointing out) to people there that our stand on this issue remains the same. I won't fail to do that. 3. Do you remember (to meet/meeting) them last summer? 4. Remember (to phone/phoning) as soon as arrive. 5. The policeman asked me if I clearly remembered (to lock/ locking) the door before I went to bed. 6.1 remember (to pay/paying) him. I gave him two pounds. 7. Did you remember (to give/giving) him the key to the safe? No, I didn't. I'll go and do it now. 8.1 don't remember ever (to see/seeing) you. 9. She does not remember (to ask/asking) this question. 10. We remember (to stay/ staying) a weekend with her. She is a nice woman. 11. When you are on holiday remember (to send/sending) postcards to a few close friends.

В regret

1. I regret (to tell/telling) you all the tickets for this performance have been sold. 2. He's always regretted (not to learn/not learning) to play a musical instrument. 3. They regret (to fail/failing) to understand the importance of your proposal. 4. I regret (to inform/ informing) you that your application has been rejected. 5. I don't regret (to quarrel/quarrelling) with him. 6. The manager regrets (to say/saying) that your proposal has been turned down. 7. We regret (to miss/missing) this film. It is worth seeing. 8. I regret (to say/saying) I won't be able to come. 9. She regrets (not to be able/not being able) say goodbye to him. 10. If you regret (to do/doing) something, you are sorry about an action in the past.

С be (get) used to/used to

1. He used to (be/being) good at mathematics. 2. I got used to (get up/getting up) very early. 3. In the Dark Ages people used to (think/thinking) that the sun goes round the earth. 4. He wasn't used to (work/working) late at night. 5. He used to (study/studying) late at night when a youth. 6. She was used to (wander/wandering) about the fields by herself. 7. In my childhood my aunt used to (bring/bringing) little presents for me. 8. He quickly got used to (have/having) a good meal and nice suits. 9. He used to (say/saying) that there was nothing like warm crisp brown bread spread with honey. 10. The mother was used to (do/doing) all the work about the house alone. 11. The mother used to (do/doing) all the work about the house,

D try

1. Why don't you try (to lose/losing) some weight? 2. He tried (to go/going) to evening classes but his English was still hopeless, 3. She tried (to explain/explaining) the situation but he refused to listen and went on grumbling. 4. Do stop talking, I am trying (to write/ writing) a letter. 5. He tried (to persuade/persuading) them to sign a contract. 6. Try (to forget/forgetting) it, it is not worth worrying about. 7. I tried (to catch/ catching) his eye, but he sat motionless. 8. He tried (to cook/cooking) but failed. 9. They had tried (to introduce/ introducing) many other methods in return to the initial one.

E stop

1. If you stop (to do/doing) something, you finish an action. 2. If you stop (to do/doing) something, you interrupt one action in order to do something else. 3. We stopped (to buy/buying) food in the store because the owner raised the prices. 4. We stopped (to buy/buying) food in the store because we were hungry. 5. Do stop (to make/making) this awful noise! 6. We've only stopped (to buy/buying) some petrol. 7. They stopped (to produce/ producing) refrigerators because of their workers' strike. 8. He suddenly stopped (to speak/speaking), got up and left without saying anything.

F be afraid to/be afraid of

1. I'm afraid (to take/taking) an exam because I'm afraid (to fail/failing) it. 2. He was afraid (to leave/ leaving) the house because he was afraid (to meet/meeting) someone who might recognize him. 3. He was afraid (to say/saying) a word because he did not know anybody. 4. I am afraid (to go/going) by plane. 5. He was afraid (to tell/telling) her the sad news. 6. My sister is such a coward! She can't see horror films because she is afraid (to meet/ meeting) a ghost at night. 7. He was afraid (to make/ making) the next step because he was afraid (to fall/falling) because he was standing on the brink of the precipice.

G can't help

1. It is silly of me, but I can't help (to feel/feeling) anxious. 2. I can't help (to laugh/laughing)) at his jokes. 3. They can't help him (to do/doing) the exercise. 4. She could not help (to be attracted/being attracted) by the fact that she was being looked at. 5. He couldn't help his son (to solve/solving) the problem. 6. She couldn't help (to phone/phoning) her mother when she heard the news.



Exercise 40.

Open the brackets with either gerunds or infinitives.

1. I don't remember (switch off) the TV set. I'd better (go) and (check) it. 2. The weather is very nice. Let's (go) for a swim. — I am not particularly good at (swim). What about (go) for a drive instead of (bathing)? 3. We stopped once (buy) some food, and then we stopped again (ask) the way. 4. Do you feel like (dine) out or would you rather (have) dinner at home? — I'd like (go) out. I always enjoy (have) dinner at a restaurant. 5. I don't mind (travel) by bus but I hate (stand) if there are a lot of people. I think it's better (go) by tube. 6. Would you like (come) to the conference devoted to the theatre? — No, thanks. I like (see) performances but I don't enjoy (listen) to people talking about it. 7. I'm delighted (hear) that you can come for the weekend. We are all looking forward to (see) you. 8. The autumn is wonderful! You got used to (swim) in September, so remember (bring) your bathing suit. 9. I remember (lend) that book to you. You wanted (write) a report. — Oh, I'm so sorry! I'll bring it back tonight. 10. When would you like (start off)? — In a few moments. — Let's (wait) till it stops (snow) otherwise we may get lost. 11. Do you remember (meet) her at my birthday party? — Yes, certainly. Thank you for the chance (meet) such a beautiful and witty girl. 12. The results are very disappointing, I regret (say). I allow you (to rewrite) the test. But I allow (rewrite) on condition everyone is present. 13. You know I meant (buy) something for supper but the shop was closed. — OK. It means (have) sandwiches and tea for supper.



Exercise 41.

Find and correct the mistakes if any.

1. I think you made a mistake to come here. 2. When he told me about his plans, I couldn't help to be surprised. It absolutely wasn't in his line. 3. I can't help you preparing this historical sketch. 4. It's no use persuading such a stubborn person. 5. People often have difficulty to learn a foreign language. 6. I congratulated Ann to enter University. 7. We called after him, but he did not even stop turning his head. 8. I don't remember him to tell anything of the kind. 9. They couldn't forgive me for wasting so much time. 10. It is not worth to take up the matter now; it can wait.



Exercise 42.

Choose the correct variant.

1. He was clever enough _______in this delicate situation.

a) avoiding, speaking

b) to avoid, to speak

c) avoiding, to speak

d) to avoid, speaking

2.1 wonder if there is any use _______him.

a) trying, improving

b) trying, to improve

c) to try, to improve

d) to try, improving

3. Please let it ___ clearly. I am not used ___something twice.

a) understand, to saying

b) to understand, to say

c) be understood, to saying

d) be understood, to say

4. Suddenly she burst out ___with the words, "I'm sick and tired ___soups and porridges for him. I can't go on ___my best years."

a) crying, of making, wasting

b) to cry, to make, to waste

c) to cry, of making, wasting

d) crying, to make, wasting

5. He had some difficulty, __his temper. This scene was worth___. After that he avoided ___by his friends.

a) to control, to watch, to see

b) controlling, watching, seeing

c) controlling, watching, being seen

d) being controlled, being watched, to be seen



Exercise 43.

Translate into English using gerunds where possible.

1. Я настаиваю, чтобы ты показал нам свой новый автомобиль, 2. Маленький мальчик гордился тем, что у него такой благородный (noble) друг. 3. Этот фильм стоит посмотреть. Вам не сможет не понравиться прекрасная игра (performance) актеров. 4. Было невоз­можно достать билет, и ему пришлось отказаться от мысли послушать знаменитого пианиста. 5, Я помню, он громко смеялся, когда рассказывал эту историю. 6. Она была уверена, что мальчики уже давно переста­ли работать и убежали на речку. 7. Она сидела в гости­ной (drawing room), не говоря ни слова и не обращая внимания на болтовню (chat) своей сестры. 8. Не отве­чая на приветствия, он быстро прошел в зал. 9. Мне надоело быть старым и мудрым, и я не выношу, когда ко мне относятся (treat) как к инвалиду. 10. Он наме­ревался начать свое расследование (investigation) с осмотра сада. 11. Помыв посуду и прибрав все на кух­не, она легла на диван. 12. Если ты не скажешь мне, в чем дело, какая польза оттого, что я здесь? 13. Я даже не мог прогуляться без того, чтобы он ко мне не подо­шел. 14. Он терпеть не может, когда его хвалят. 15. Ему не нравилось, что дочь часами болтает по телефону. 16. Он пытался найти предлог (pretext), чтобы уйти пораньше. 17. Надеюсь, вы не возражаете, если ему все расскажут? 18. Вы не забыли отправить письмо, кото­рое он вам дал? 19. Видя наши затруднения, они пред­ложили свою помощь. 20. Они не могли не рассмеять­ся при виде (at the sight of) клоуна.



The Infinitive



Exercise 44.

Open the brackets and choose the Infinitive in the Active or Passive Voice.

1. They are glad (invite/be invited) to the party. 2. I don't like (interrupt/be interrupted). 3. He will be happy (see/be seen) you. 4. I was glad (meet/be met) at the station. 5. Children like (tell/be told) tales and always (listen/be listened) to them with interest. 6. I did not think (interrupt/be interrupted) you. 7. He is glad (send/be sent) abroad. 8. He likes (ask/be asked) his professor questions, 9. He does not like (ask/be asked) questions because he does not know how to answer them. 10. Be careful with him. He is a very resentful person. He can't bear (joke/be joked at). 11. He does not like (laugh/be laughed) at other people. 12. Look, a ship can (see/be seen) in the distance. Can you (see/ be seen) it?



Exercise 45.

Change the sentences according to the examples.

A

Example: It is simple to solve this problem. This problem is simple to solve.

It is difficult to speak to such people. Such people are difficult to speak to.

1. It is expensive to buy a mink coat. 2. It is impossible to get a good dinner in our canteen. 3. It was difficult to start an engine in such cold weather. 4. It is dangerous to stand on this ladder. 5. It is rather difficult to deal with stubborn people. 6. It is dangerous to drive a car in big cities. 7. It is interesting to meet new people. 8. It is simple to communicate with people due to Internet. 9. It was unpleasant to watch their quarrel. 10. It is always funny to listen to him.

В

Example: He came to the party the last. He was the last to come to the party.

1. He is the only one among us who gave up smoking. 2. I was the next who spoke on the topic. 3, He was the first who raised this question. 4. She was the second who got an excellent mark. 5. Paul was the last who greeted me. 6. She 13 the first who was fired. 7. He was the only one who jumped with a parachute. 8. I am the next who will be interviewed. 9. He was the only one who could speak Japanese. 10. I was the first who noticed the mistake. 11. His horse came in the race the last. 12. She was the first among us who recognized them.

C

Example: It was the best time when she could find them at home. It was the best time for her to find them at home.

1. Here is a simple English book that you can read. 2. The first thing they must do when they arrive is to phone home. 3. This is a problem you should solve by yourself. 4. There is nothing that we can add. 5. These are children you can play with. 6. It is not a question you may laugh at. 7. There is nothing that we can do now. 8. These are nice flowers you can buy. 9. It was a little town where they could live a quiet life. 10. It is quite natural that they will get married.



Exercise 46.

Make up new sentences beginning with It was. Use one of the adjectives from the box. The first is done for you.

nice mean unfair kind sensible silly careless

Example: Mary invited us to the party. It was nice of Mary to invite us to the party.

1. He bought a car but he can't drive. 2. She betrayed all her friends. Nobody wants to speak to her. 3. They helped with the work. 4. The manager cut down his salary, though he is the best worker in the team. 5. He sold his house when it cost $45,000. Now such a house costs $40,000. 6. You made a serious mistake when you trusted her.



Exercise 47.

Complete the sentences with what /how/ where/whether and the verbs from the box.

get act go accept phone switch on use

go take buy do

1. I need advice. I have been offered a new job but I really don't know ___it or not. 2. Do you know ___if the robbers burst into the bank? 3. Can you tell me ___if there is a fire? 4. I don't know ___the computer. Will this button do? 5. The countries are very interesting and I haven't chosen yet___. 6. The TV set is good but I haven't decided yet ___it or not. 7. Why have you stopped? Have you forgotten___? 8. Have you understood ___this device? 9. The problem is serious. I don't know ___in this situation. 10. I wonder ___a suitcase. The trip will take only two days.





Exercise 48.

Fill in the blanks with the particle to where necessary.

1. I'd rather (listen) to the radio than (see) this soap opera on TV. — As for me, I prefer (watch) TV. You'd better (take) a radio and (go) for a walk. 2. You are cold. You'd better (sit) near the fireplace. 3. She'd prefer (fly) rather than (go) by train. The plane saves time. 4. I'd rather (not go) to the country tomorrow. The weather leaves much to be desired. 5. You'd better (take) an aspirin. You look bad. 6. He preferred (put on) a brown suit. 7. She prefers (not wear) shoes with high heels. 8.1 want to get thinner so I'd rather (walk) than (go) by car. 9. You'd better (buy) a mobile telephone, it's more convenient. 10. I'd prefer (go) there in July.



Exercise 49.

Make up sentences.

Example: I/prefer/go alone/go with him. — I prefer to go alone rather than go with him.

1. I'd rather/stay at home/go out 2. He/prefer/solve a problem immediately/postpone it 3. I'd/prefer/buy it tonight/go shopping early in the morning 4. They'd/prefer/go to the restaurant/cook dinner at home 5. I'd rather/die/betray my friends 6. She/prefer/go to the country/stay in town 7. I'd rather/go to the movies/ watch the VCR 8. We'd/prefer/read a book/see a screened version 9. She/prefer/drink a cup of juice/have a substantial breakfast 10. I'd rather/go to the museum/ stay at home



Exercise 50.

Open the brackets and put the verb into / the corresponding form.

Example: I'd rather you (do) the job yourself. — I'd rather you did the job yourself.

1. I'd rather he (go) on holiday in March. 2. Would you rather I (cook) the supper? 3. I'd rather they (go) with us. 4. Would you rather he (play) the leading part? 5. I'd rather she (buy) a new TV instead of a freezer. 6. Would you rather I (not know) anything? 7. I'd rather you (ask) me a straight question. 8. Would you rather he (make) a new attempt? 9. I'd rather she (enter) the university. 10. Would you rather she (not interfere)?



Exercise 51.

Make up sentences according to the example.

Example: time/he/come back. It's time for him to come back.

1) high time/we/say goodbye to everybody; 2) time/ the child/go to bed; 3) time/she/put up with his behavior; 4) high time/they/develop a new model; 5) about time/ we/leave the house; 6) high time/he/speak English fluently; 7) time/she/choose a profession; 8) high time/ we/buy a new TV set; 9) high time/he/ring me up; 10) time/he/temper justice with mercy.



Exercise 52.

Change your sentences according to the example.

Example: It is high time for them to come back. It is high time they came back.

1. It is time for her to make a decision. 2. It is high time for her cousin to find a job. 3. It is high time for us to put up with it. 4. It is time for you to get married. 5. It is high time for me to hand in the composition. 6. It is about time for the chairman to make a break. 7. It is high time for Granny to have a nap. 8. It is high time for Pete to take his mother from the hospital. 9. It is high time for the government to change their policy. 10. It's high time for the local authorities to pull down this house.





Exercise 53.

Find and correct the mistakes if any.

1. I'd prefer to speak to you in private than phone you. 2. There is a reporter for interview you. 3. The meat is too hot to eat. 4. You would better help her carry these suitcases. 5. It was very generous from them to give us such a present. 6. Sorry to have failed to keep the appointment. 7. I had rather go without him. 8. She the first to finish the hometask. 9. I don't like to be listened to him. 10. I am not sure where going now. 11. Such books are interesting reading, 12. I am the next to fire.



Exercise 54.

Translate into English.

1. Она была слишком мала, чтобы запомнить про­исшествие (incident). 2. Он тот самый человек, с кото­рым можно поговорить по этому вопросу. 3. Для него важно получить информацию сегодня. 4. Вот деньги, которые мы можем потратить на мебель, 5. Они очень довольны (pleased), что их пригласили на конферен­цию (conference). 6. Вы будете выступать (speak) пер­вым. 7. На эту ошибку надо обратить особое (particular) внимание. 8. Ты бы лучше остался дома. 9. С его сто­роны благородно (great) сделать все (do one's best) для того, чтобы спасти их. 10. Он не знал, что делать дальше и к кому обращаться с просьбой (make a request). 11. Он позже всех разгадал ее намерения (intentions). 12. Я бы предпочел поехать туда на ма­шине, а не на самолете. 13. Уже совсем темно, давно пора включить свет. 14. Ему пора обратиться к вра­чу. 15. Я предпочитаю отдыхать где-нибудь на море, а не сидеть на даче.



The Complex Object

Exercise 55.

Open the brackets and use the Complex Object.

Example: He expected (they, arrive) at 5. — He expected them to arrive at 5.

1. Do you want (they, stay) at the hotel or with us? 2. I'd like (the professor, look through) my report. 3. Do you want (I, show) you the sights of the city? 4. We expect (he, arrange) everything by the time we come. 5. I want (she, tell) me the news in brief. 6. He expected (the meeting, hold) in the Red Room. 7. I would like (they, fix) an appointment for me for Tuesday. 8. We want (she, introduce) us to the president. 9.1 don't want (they, be late) for dinner. 10. He expected (she, invite) to the party by the Smiths. 11. I'd like (the dress, boxy) by Saturday. 12. I don't want (she, treat) like Alice. 13. We considered (he, be) an honest person. 14. I don't like (she, prevent) me from doing it. 15. I suspect (he, help) by her.









Exercise 56.

Combine the sentences using the Complex Object.

Example: I did not see him. He entered the house, — I did not see him enter the house. I saw him. He was entering the house. — / saw him entering the house.

1. They did not notice us. We passed by. 2. He heard her. She was playing the piano. 3. He saw her. She burst into tears. 4. I felt her hand. It was shaking. 5. He hasn't heard us. We called his name. 8. They haven't seen the accident. It occurred at the corner. 7. I heard them. They were arguing. 8. She heard the footsteps. They were dying away. 9. She felt something. It was crawling around her neck. 10. We many times heard him. He told this story. 11. She noticed the expression of his face. It changed suddenly. 12. I heard somebody. He mentioned my name. 13. I felt something hard. It hurt my leg.



Exercise 57.

Change complex sentences into sentences with the Complex Object.

1. I did not expect that she would forget about my birthday. 2. She saw how the children were playing in the park. 3. Do you know that he went abroad two days ago? 4. I like to watch how she dances. 5. She could hardly believe that he had been rescued. 6. He expects that everybody will be ready to do this work. 7. I don't like when the children are late for dinner. 8. Don't consider that he is a hero. He is an ordinary man. 9. I've heard how he was arguing with his father. 10. I suspect that he has taken my money. 11. She likes to watch how the sun sets. 12. I hate when people shout at each other. 13. They suppose that he will cope with this work. 14. I've heard how she was crying. 15. We expect that he will solve this problem soon.



Exercise 58.

Open the brackets and use the proper form of the Complex Object.

1. Where is Nick? — I saw (he, talk) to Kate a few minutes ago. 2, Parents always want (their children, be) the best. 3. I wouldn't like (such valuable presents, give) to me. 4. I noticed (he, write) something and (pass) it to Alice. 5. We suppose (they, apologize) to us. 6. She watched (the stars, sparkle) in the dark sky. 7. I did not expect (he, behave) in such a way. 8. We don't want (our planet, pollute). 9. I heard (he, work) in his study at night. 10. They expected (he, buy) a more expensive car.



Exercise 59.

Open the brackets and write the correct form of the infinitive.

1. The doctor wanted the patient___

a) to examine

b) to be examined

c) being examined

2. There are a lot of people who expect your country ___the same as their own.

a) not to be

b) not being

c) not be

3. Did you hear the chairman___an announcement?

a) to make

b) making

c) be made

4. When I was waiting in the hall, I saw a girl___with a file in her hand.

a) came out

b) to come out

c) come out

5. Nobody expected the president of the company___ to the party.

a) coming

b) to come

c) come

6. I saw him___round the corner and___.

a) turn, disappear

b) to turn, to disappear

c) turning, disappearing

7. She noticed the children___behind the tree but pretended to see nothing.

a) hiding

b) to hide

c) to be hidden

8.1 want his article___in November.

a) to publish

b) to be published

c) publishing

9. He did not expect her___about it.

a) to be asked

b) ask

c) asking

10. We did not want his speech___.

a) to interrupt

b) to be interrupted

c) interrupt



Exercise 60.

Translate into English using the Complex Object.

1. Я не ожидал, что этот полицейский будет таким невежливым (impolite) человеком. 2. Мы бы хотели, что­бы вы доставили (deliver) товары к концу июня. 3. Я ожидал, что ее пригласят туда. 4. Они не ожидали, что его спросят об этом. 5. Я слышал, как его имя несколько раз упоминалось на собрании. 6. Он не заметил, как мы подошли к нему. 7. Вы видели, как они над чем-то смея­лись? 8. Мы не ожидали, что об этом объявят (announce) по радио. 9. Мне бы хотелось, чтобы она сказала нам, что она будет делать сегодня вечером. 10. Я думаю, что сегод­ня вы услышите, как она поет. 11. Когда он услышал, что его сын плачет, он встал и пошел в детскую комнату (nursery). 12. Я бы хотел, чтобы никто не брал мои вещи.



The Complex Subject

Exercise 61.

Open the brackets and use the Complex Subject.

Example: He is thought (study) now. He is thought to be studying now.

1. He is considered (be) a good musician. 2. They are thought (go away) some days ago. 3. James is expected (make) a report next Wednesday. 4. Steve is known (help) them to solve a problem when they were in trouble. 5. Mozart is known (compose) a lot of wonderful pieces of music. 6. The film is considered (be) the worst of the year. 7. She is supposed (work) in the laboratory from 2 to 6 p.m. tomorrow. 8. They are known (make) a new discovery a month ago. 9. He is expected (manage) the business himself. 10. He is said (be) at the customs office now. 11. The delegation is reported (leave) Prague tonight at 11 a.m. 12. They are known (live) in Egypt for a long time. 13. He is believed (work) at an urgent problem now.



Exercise 62.

Change these sentences using be likely, be unlikely, be .sure.

Example: He may come on Sunday. — He is likely to come on Sunday. She may not allow us to go there. — She is unlikely to allow us to go there. They will certainly help us. — They are sure to help us.

1. They may have a good time in the bar tonight. 2. He will certainly win this match. 3. The plane may not reach the place of destination on time. 4. You may miss the train unless you hurry. 5. She may not go by plane. 6. He may not be invited to the conference. 7. They will certainly get married soon. 8. They may not follow my recommendations. 9. They may go on a world tour. 10. This picture will certainly be the best at the exhibition.



Exercise 63.

Open the brackets and use the Complex Subject.

A Make sentences in bold type less definite and express one's uncertainty of the following.

Example: Do you remember his name? — Unfortun­ately, I don't remember his name. — / don't seem/appear to remember his name.

1. They got married a month ago. Is she happy? — No, she is not happy. 2. Does she have a key to her suitcase? — No, she has lost it. 3. We are so late. I am sure he has gone. — No, he is waiting for us. 4. She looks nice. — Yes, but she has put on weight. 5. I want to be introduced to Mrs. Smith. — Peter will help you. He knows her well. 6. I have much trouble with my new washing machine. — No problem. I know this type very well. 7. Does he work at the same office? — No, he changed his job. 8. Is she still abroad? — No, she returned two months ago and now is working at her new book. 9. Look, this man is overhearing us. Speak more quietly. 10. The president has left his country residence and is returning to the capital.

В Change your sentences using the verb happen with the verbs in bold type.

Example: Do you know Mr. Brown? — Do you happen to know Mr. Brown?

1. I'll visit Trafalgar Square if I am in London. 2. If anybody knows him, call the police. 3. If you see Kate, ask her to phone me. 4. Do you know how to get to the Tower? 5. He'll arrange everything if he goes on a tour. 6. Does he know with whom Mary has gone to the Canaries? 7. Have you seen them leave? 8. Can you change a pound? 9. Has she seen where they parked their ear? 10. If I meet them, I'll phone the police.

С Change your sentences using verbs turn out or prove.

Example: He knows Mr. Brown. — He turned out/ proved to know Mr. Brown.

1. The interview with the young artist was rather interesting. 2. The prices at the hotel were reasonable. 3. The conversation with them was rather unpleasant. 4. The young man was a smuggler. 5. He was a qualified economist. 6. The student's knowledge of mathematics was above the average. 7. Yesterday's party was entertaining. 8. The weather in this part of the country was rainy. 9. The workshop was rather useful for economists, but for managers it was rather dull. 10.1 bought a book which was a best-seller. 11. This unpleasant man who found faults with me during the interview was my manager.



Exercise 64. Choose the right variant.

1. The rain seems___. Call the children in. I don't want them___.

a) to be, to be got wet through

b) to be starting, to get wet through

c) to have started, to have got wet through

d) to have been started, to be getting wet through

2. The English colony, Plymouth, in Massachusetts, is known ___by the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower in 1620.

a) to be established

b) to have established

c) to have been establishing

d) to have been established

3. Look, they are likely ___to the news. They seem

a) to be listening, to be excited

b) to listen, to be excited

c) to have been listening, to have excited

d) to have listened, to be being excited

4. He is sure ___a liar. Everybody heard him___ that in so many words.

a) to be, to say

b) be, say

c) to be, say

d) be, to say

5. When I came in, the discussion seemed ___to an end. They appeared ___patience because they turned out ___for it.

a) to have been coming, to have been losing, be ready

b) to be coming, to be losing, not to be ready

c) to come, to lose, to be ready

d) to have come, to have lost, not to be being ready

6. Jack, you seem ___too fast. The speed is already 100 miles. I am afraid. I want you ___the speed till 40 miles.

a) to have driven, slow down

b) to drive, to slow down

c) to be driving, to be slowing down

d) to be driving, to slow down



Exercise 65.

Translate into English using the Complex Subject.

1. Стивен обязательно выиграет эту игру. 2. Изве­стно, что Питер уехал в Осло. 3. Предполагают, что президент выступит на конференции. 4. Эту пьесу счи­тают самой интересной в театре. 5. Кажется, она гото­вит яблочный пирог (apple pie). Пахнет очень вкусно. 6. Боб, наверное, нам поможет. — Он наверняка нам поможет. 7. Полагают, что они уехали вчера. 8. По-видимому, переговоры (talks) закончатся завтра. 9. По­лагают, что эта работа была выполнена успешно. 10. Вряд ли этот факт имеет большое значение (be of great importance). 11. Это, вероятно, случится, если ве­тер не переменится. 12. Говорят, что делегаты на кон­ференцию уже приехали. 13. Известно, что этот коми­тет был создан несколько лет тому назад. 14. Он, по-видимому, пишет новую книгу. 15. Предполагают, что они смогут решить этот вопрос тотчас же. 16. Известно, что Джек Лондон написал много прекрасных книг.





The Participle

Exercise 66.

Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle I.

1. That night, (go) up to his room he thought of his unpleasant duty. 2. She smiled (remember) the joke. 3. A new road will soon be built (connect) the plant with the railway station. 4. He speaks like a man (take) his opinion of everything. 5. (Not know) that she could trust them she did not know what to do. 6. And (say) this he threw himself back in the armchair. 7. I spent about ten minutes (turn) over the sixteen pages of The Guardian before I found the main news and articles. 8. (Be) so far away he still feels himself part of the community. 9. The boy came out of the water (shake) from top to toe. 10. (Support) her by the arm he helped her out of the taxi.



Exercise 67.

Paraphrase the following using Participle I where it is possible.

Example: The man who is speaking to Mary is a well-known surgeon. — The man speaking to Mary is a well-known surgeon.

1. The woman who is working in the garden is my sister. 2. The man who made a report yesterday came back from the USA. 3. I couldn't ring them up because I did not know their telephone number. 4. We went to see our friends who had just returned from a voyage. 5. The sidewalks were crowded with people who were watching the carnival. 6. He had a massive gold watch, which had belonged to his father. 7. He stood at the counter and hesitated, he did not know what to choose. 8. The conferences, which are held at the University every year, are devoted to ecological problems. 9. Unable to attend the conference that took place a month ago, we asked to send the typewritten reports. 10. I looked at the people who were lying on the beach. 11. The people who are waiting for the doctor have been sitting here for a long time. 12. The man who phoned you yesterday is waiting for you downstairs.



Exercise 68.

Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle II.

1. She looked at the table. There was a loaf of brown bread (divide) into two halves. 2. There was another pause (break) by a fit of laughing of one of the old men sitting in the first row. 3. The child (leave) alone in the large room began screaming. 4. The centre of the cotton industry is Manchester (connect) with Liverpool by a canal. 5. The story (tell) by the old captain made the young girl cry. 6. He did not doubt that the information (receive) by morning mail was of great interest for his competitors. 7. The equipment (install) in the shop is rather sophisticated. 8. We've got a great variety of products, which are in great demand. Here are some samples (send) to our distributors last month. 9. The methods that were applied in the building of the new metro stations proved to be efficient. 10. She warmed over the dinner that she cooked yesterday.



Exercise 69.

Paraphrase the following using Participle II.

Example: These are only a few of the attempts, which were made to improve the situation. These are only a few of the attempts made to improve the situation.

1. The new job, which has been offered to me lately, seems to be very interesting. 2. He could not recognize the square, which was rebuilt, while he was away. 3. The news, which you've brought to us, is exciting. 4. The things that are left behind by passengers are usually taken to the Lost Property Office. 5. The animals, which were caught in the morning, struggled furiously. 6. The answer, which had been so long expected, came at last. 7. There was a dead silence in the room, which was broken only by his cough. 8. The sunrays lighted the magnificent house, which was built on the hill. 9. The castle, which was built many years ago, was in good order. 10. The typewriter that was bought a few days ago has gone wrong.



Exercise 70.

Open the brackets and use participial con­structions with the conjunctions when, white, as if, as though, if, till, unless.

Example: When you cross the street, be careful at the crossroads. When crossing the street, be careful at the crossroads.

1. When he was lying he spoke more quickly than when he was telling the truth. 2. She stood in front of the mirror as if she were speaking to herself. 3. She screamed as though she had been badly hurt. 4. He is a quiet man. He never hurries unless he is pressed for time. 4. While I was waiting for you, I was looking through newspapers and magazines. 5. When he was asked about it, he could say nothing. 6. When the article is translated, it with be typed. 7. While I was crossing the street yesterday, I saw an accident. 8. A promise accounts so little till it is kept. 9. When he was a student he used to study at the library. 10. He was hesitating whether for take the step, which if it was mistaken, could put him to trouble.



Exercise 71.

Open the brackets and use the correct form of Participle I Perfect.

1. (see) so little of the country, I am afraid I cannot answer all your questions. 2. (arrive) two days before the conference he had a lot of time to see Edinburgh. 3.1 felt very tired (work) the whole day in the sun. 4. (buy) a pair of gloves we moved to the shoe department. 5. She left (tell) us all she had found out. 6. (get) what he wanted he took his hat and left. 7. By this time (get used) to the atmosphere of the big city, he no longer felt a stranger. 8.1 felt refreshed and rested (sleep) for eight hours. 9. (complete) all our preparations we hired a taxi and hurried off. 10. Never (experience) such difficulties she was at a loss.



Exercise 72.

Open the brackets and fill in with the proper participle.

1. He fell asleep (exhaust) by the journey. 2. She" entered the dining room (accompany) by her husband and her father. 3. A snake (sleep) in the grass will bite if anyone treads upon it. 4. (Fill) his pockets with apples the boy was about to run away when he saw the owner of the garden with a stick in his hand. 5. It was a bright Sunday morning of early summer (promise) heat. 6. When I came home, I found the table (lay). 7. (Judge) by the colour of the sun it should be windy tomorrow. 8. (Arrive) at a big seaport, I started to look for a job. 9, He had received an urgent message (ask) him to telephone Sir Matthew. 10. He looked at groups of young girls (walk) arm in arm. 11. In the wood they sat down on a (fall) tree. 12. (See) from the hill the city looks magnificent. 13. (Not know) where to go he turned to a passer by. 14. (Lock) in her room she threw a fit. 15. (Address) the parcel, I went out at once to post it. 16. She often took care of my little sister (give) me a possibility to play with other boys. 17. (Wash) her face in cold water, she came up to the window and shut it. 18. Paul sat down again, evidently (change) his mind about going.



Exercise 73.

Choose the right variant.

1. She stayed ___in her room, ___to come downstairs.

a) having locked, refused

b) locked, refusing

c) locking, having refused

2. She had a good practical knowledge of French ___as an interpreter for many years in France.

a) working

b) having worked

c) worked

3. When we ___from our day's outing came into the kitchen, we found dinner___.

a) returned, serving

b) having returned, served

c) returning, having served

4.___by his elbow, Mary listened to their talk.

a) supported

b) supporting

c) having supported

5.___their meal they went for a stroll in the park.

a) finishing

b) finished

c) having finished

6. Fruits ___in hothouses are not so rich in colour, taste and vitamins as fruits ___in natural conditions.

a) having grown, grown

b) grown, growing

c) growing, having grown

7.___in the reception room he thought over what he would say when he was asked into the office.

a) waiting

b) waited

c) having waited

8. She used to say sharp and ___words to him.

a) having wounded

b) wounded

c) wounding

9.1 admired the grounds and trees ___the house.

a) surrounding

b) having surrounded

e) surrounded

10 She looked at the scene ___to the innermost of her heart.

a) shaking

b) shaken

c) having shaken



Exercise 74.

Find and correct the mistakes if any.

1, Felt tired and having nothing more to do till he came, she sat into the armchair at the window having looked at the mountains lighting by the sun. 2. On the walls there were some common coloured pictures, framing and glazed. 3. His house was close at hand, a very pleasant little cottage, painted white, with green blinds. 4, It was the hour of sunset, having unnoticed in the cities, so beautiful in the country. 5. Finished breakfast, he stayed for some minutes in the dining room. 6. Mother smiled looking at the children played in the garden. 7. While reading a book, I came across several interesting expressions. 8. Some questions having touched upon in the report are worth considering. 9. Leaving our suit eases we went sightseeing. 10. Hearing her come into the house he went downstairs.



Exercise 75.

Translate into English using participles where possible.

1. Будьте внимательны, когда ведете машину. 2. На листе бумаги было несколько строк, написанных ка­рандашом. 3. Получив телеграмму, моя сестра немед­ленно выехала в Глазго. 4. Я не знаю человека, говоря­щего по телефону. 5. Уехав вечером, мы прибыли в город в 6 утра. 6. Полученное известие взволновало всех. 7. Я оставила ей записку, не застав ее дома. 8. Чув­ствуя усталость, они решили передохнуть. 9. Я не за­помнил имя человека, звонившего вам вчера. 10. Мы сидели на террасе, наслаждаясь чудесным видом гор, окружающих наш отель.





Exercise 76.

(Revision.) Open the brackets and fill in with the proper verbals (infinitives, gerunds or participles). Use prepositions if necessary.

The Bees

I remember when I was a child (send) (visit) one of our numerous elderly eccentric aunts. She was mad about bees; the garden was full of bees, (hum) like telegraph poles. One afternoon she put on an enormous veil and a pair of gloves, locked us all in the cottage for safety, and went out (try) (get) some honey out of one of the hives. Apparently she did nor stupefy them properly, or whatever it is to do, and when she took the lid off, the bees poured out and settled on her. We were watching all this through the window. We didn't know much about bees, so we thought this was all right, until we saw her (fly) round the garden (make) desperate attempts (avoid) the bees, (get) her veil tangled in the rosebushes. Eventually she reached the cottage and flung herself at the door. We couldn't open it because she had the key. We kept (try) (tell) her this, but her screams of agony and the humming of the bees drowned our voices. It was I believe Leslie who had the brilliant idea (throw) a bucket of water over her from the bedroom window. Unfortunately in his enthusiasm he threw the bucket as well. (Drench) with cold water and then (hit) on the head with a large iron bucket is irritating enough, but (fight off) a mass of bees at the same time makes the whole thing extremely trying. When we eventually got her inside she was so swollen as to be almost unrecognizable.





Test 3.

Choose the right variant.

1. He seemed___all about influenza and said___was nothing___about.

a) to know, it, to worry

b) to be knowing, there, worrying

c) to know, there, to worry

d) to have known, it, to have been worried

2. She put down her book___me___; and___me ___took her workbasket and sat into one of the old-fashioned armchair.

a) to see, coming in, have welcomed, as usually

b) having seen, to come in, welcoming, usually

c) on seeing, come in, having welcomed, as usual

d) after seeing, having come in, to welcome, in a usual way

3. I don't object___there, but I don't want ___ alone.

a) to your living, you living

b) you to live, your living

c) your living, you to live

d) to your living, you to live

4. I remember___that hill in twilight. An age seemed ___since the day that brought me first to London.

a) descending, to have elapsed

b). to have descended, to have elapsed

c) to descend, to elapse

d) being descended, to be elapsed

5. He stood invisible at the top of the stairs ___Irene ___the letters ___by the ___post.

a) to watch, to sort, bringing, latest

b) watching, sorting, brought, last

c) having watched, sorting, having brought, latest

d) being watched, having sorted, to have been brought, last

6. On his way home Andrew could not help ___what ___charming fellow Ivory had turned out___.

a) to reflect, a, to be

b) being reflected, the, have been

c) reflecting, the, be

d) reflecting, a, to be

7.1 wouldn't like ___because I'm afraid___.

a) drive fast, crashing

b) to drive fast, of crashing

c) driving fastly, to crash

d) to be driven faster, to be crashed

8. ___paper is said ___by ___Chinese.

a) ___, to have been invented, the

b) the, to have been invented,___

c) ___, to have invented, ___

d) the, to be invented, the

9. There is no point ___to him. He is ___last man in the world ___by any such circumstances.

a) to speak, the, to trouble

b) to speak,___, being troubled

c) speaking, a, be troubled

d) in speaking, the, to be troubled

10. It's high time you ___like that. He is fond ___fun of everybody.

a) get used to him to behave, to make

b) used to his behaving, about making

c) got used to his behaving, of making

d) used to behave, to make

11 „ He felt ___something from him and demanded _______truth. He wasn't worth______'_ lie.

a) them to hide, to tell, the, telling, the

b) them hiding, they will tell, a, to tell, a

c) they were hiding, being told, the, telling, a

d) they hide, telling, a, telling, the

12._______words about the author himself, the lecturer went on ___of his works.

a) after saying, a few, to speak

b) saying, few, to speak

c) having said, few, speaking

d) to have said, a few, speaking

13. She was looking forward to ___the leading part ___that she was greatly ___at not even ___it.

a) giving, playing, disappointing, being offered

b) to be given, to play, disappointed, to be offered

c) being given, to play, disappointed, being offered

d) give, playing, disappointed, offering

14. Did you remember ___the parcel I gave you? —Yes, I remember ___it a week ago.

a) to post, posting

b) to post, to post

c) posting, to post

d) posting, posting

15. You ___go and check everything by yourself unless you ___it.

a) would better, want him to do it

b) had rather, don't want his doing

c) had better, want him to do it

d) would rather, don't want him to do

16. The accused men___near the bank during the robbery. It's no, use___the case without direct___.

a) deny being somewhere, investigating, evidence

b) denies to be anywhere, to investigate, evidences

c) deny being anywhere, investigating, evidence

d) denies to be somewhere to investigate, evidences

17. You___your children___their own way in the end.

a) are to let, to go

b) have letting, going

c) have to let, go

d) are to let, gone

18. I suggest___as soon as possible. I ___before sunset.

a) us to start, would rather to come

b) our starting, had rather come

c) us starting, would prefer to come

d) our starting, would rather come

19. I am afraid___to him. What if he really has the power to stop___there, and means___them against me?

a) to speak, me go, to turn

b) of speaking, my going, turning

c) to speak, my going, to turn

d) speaking, me going, to turn

20. He's always regretted___school so young. He has not got enough qualifications and education. Unfortunately he often receives letters___with "Dear sir, we regret___you that your application was turned down."

a) leaving, beginning, to inform

b) to leave, to begin, to inform

c) leaving, beginning, informing

d) to leave, to begin, informing

Literature

1. Богуславская Г. П. и др. Практическая грамматика английского языка. II

курс. Мн.: Высш. шк., 2007.

2. Каушанская В. Л. и др. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского

языка. Л.: Просвящение, 2009.

3. Collins Cobuild. English Grammar Exercises. – Harper Collins Publishers Ltd.,

2011.

4. Collins Cobuild. Student’s Grammar.- Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., 1991.

5. Firman S., Bosewitz ‘Penguin Students’ Grammar of English Exercises» Penguin English, 2008.

6. Hewings M. ‘Advanced grammar in Use’. – Cambridge University Press, 1999.

7. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use. A self-study reference and practice book

for intermediate students. – Cambridge University Press, 2008.

8. Schrampfer Azar B. ‘Understanding and Using English Grammar’. – Prentice

Hall regents, 2006.

9. Simkhovich V. A. English Grammar in Communication. – М.: НКФ «Экаперспектива», 2005.

10. Swan M., Walter C. How English Works. A grammar Practice Book. – Oxford

University Press, 2007.

11. Thomson A. S., Martinet A. V. A Practical English Grammar. – Oxford

University Press, 2005.








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