For questions 1-12 read the text below and decide which answer (A,B, or C) best fits each space.
The Aztec Calendar is a system (1)_____ measuring time used (2)_____ the Aztecs, a people who ruled what is now central and southern Mexico in (3)____15th and early 16th centuries. The Aztec calendar was central to a complex system of religious beliefs and ceremonies, which (4) _________ ritualized warfare and human sacrifice. An agricultural people, the Aztecs believed that such practices guaranteed the continuity of natural cycles that (5) ________ the fertility of their fields, such as the daily reappearance of the sun and the annual return of summer rains. The Aztecs used two different calendar systems, one with a cycle lasting 260 days and the other with a 365-day cycle. The 260-day calendar cycle was a sacred calendar used mainly by priests to (6) ________ the future. It was divided (7)____ 20 periods of 13 days. Each of these periods (8)______ an individual name. In Aztec hieroglyphs, each period was (9)______ by a symbol, such as water, a rabbit, or a flint knife. The Aztecs also employed a 365-day calendar, (10)_____ to the solar year, the time it (11) _____ for the earth to revolve once around the sun. This 365-day calendar dictated the timing of important religious rites and agricultural tasks, such as planting and harvesting. Each year was divided into 18 periods of 20 days and a final 5-day period that was regarded as a hazardous and unlucky time. Each of these periods had its own distinctive festival, (12)______tied to the annual agricultural cycle.
For questions 13-18 read the text below and use the words to the right of the text to form one word that fits in the same numbered space in the text.
It is believed that Halloween was brought to America by the immigrants from Ireland and Scotland. In the 19th century they celebrated Halloween (13)____to their old traditions. The (14)____ part of the festival was a lantern made of a pumpkin with holes in the form of eyes, a nose and a mouth, and people believed that during the (15)_____ all pumpkins left their vegetable gardens to dance in the streets. In recent years, grown-up people have begun to (16)____ in Halloween. In New York, for example, the young and the old take part in parades together. On the 31st of October, long before the time when the carnival (17)_____ begins to move, a great number of people get together in one of the streets. They are dressed as (18)___, demons, and other evil spirits. There are hundreds of large orange pumpkins in their hands. This is how the Americans celebrate Halloween.
TASK 3 READING
Look at the statements 1-10 about advice for new students at a university. Read the text below to decide if each statement is correct or incorrect. If it is correct, mark A. If it is incorrect, mark B.
1. Some centres are open all winter.
2. The activities available depend on the weather.
3. Action Sports Camps courses are unsuitable for people who are excellent at sport.
4. You need to have your own sports equipment.
5. Children and adults spend some time together each day.
6. Some of the staff are unqualified.
7. Action Sports Camps only recommend accommodation of a high quality.
8. You have to pay the total fee one month after you book.
9. Action Sports Camps charge you more if you pay with your credit card.
10. If you cancel three weeks before your camp, you will get half your money back.
ACTION SPORTS CAMPS
Action Sports Camps provide activity holidays for children aged over five and adults. We offer training in over twenty sports at ten different centres throughout the UK. All the centres are open from April until October and some open during the winter for weekend courses. The sports offered differ from one centre to another so if you want to do something in particular you should check our colour brochure.
The camps are not just limited to outdoor sports - we cover a wide range of indoor
activities as well. So if the rain comes, the camps continue although you may have to take off your football boots and pick up a squash racket instead. With the experience we've gained over the years, we put together the right mix of sport and activities providing sport for all, not just for those who are brilliant at athletics. It is unnecessary to bring any equipment because it is all provided.
We work in small groups, children working with others of their own age, but we do all come together for social activities and meals. So, different members of a family can make their own individual choices but they get a chance to exchange their experiences later on.
Our centres offer first-class accommodation, food and facilities - and the staff are first-class too. Qualified teachers or professionals receive training from us and many work with us year after year. We always employ qualified staff for activities such as swimming, trampolining and gymnastics but some of the assistants organising the children's games are students, many of whom came to the camp themselves when they were younger.
At most of our centres, accommodation is in a hostel or tents. It \s not possible for us to arrange other accommodation but we can send you a list of what is available in the area. Most of the places are recommended to us, but not all, so we are not responsible for the quality of the accommodation on this list. Luxury accommodation is not available near our camps.
To book a place at a sports camp, complete the form and send it with a cheque for the deposit to the address below. The rest of the fee can be paid at any time but we must receive it at least one month before your camp. Please note, to keep costs down, you are charged 2.5% extra by us if you pay with your credit card. You will receive a letter of confirmation within ten days of sending your form.
Cancellations made up to a month before the camp are refunded in full apart from a 5% administration fee. Fifty per cent of the fee is refunded if cancellation is made up to two weeks before the date of the camp. After that no refunds can be given.
TASK 4 WRITING
You are going to write a composition on the topic below.
Teenagers should get a part-time job to learn how to become responsible adults.
Ключи к заданиям:
Task 1 Task 2 Task 3
1 B 13 accordingly 1 B
2 A 14 integral 2 A
3 C 15 celebration 3 B
4 B 16 participate 4 B
5 A 17 procession 5 A
6 C 18 witches 6 A
7 B 7 B
8 C 8 B
9 A 9 A
10 B 10 A