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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Словообразование в английском языке: Методические указания/ Сост. О.А. Черных; ФГБОУ ВО «Белгородский государственный аграрный университет имени В.Я. Горина», 2016 г., 22 с.

Словообразование в английском языке: Методические указания/ Сост. О.А. Черных; ФГБОУ ВО «Белгородский государственный аграрный университет имени В.Я. Горина», 2016 г., 22 с.


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МИНИСТЕРСТВО СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ «БЕЛГОРОДСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ АГРАРНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ИМЕНИ В.Я. ГОРИНА»












Словообразование в английском языке


Методические указания

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Белгород – 2016

Словообразование в английском языке: Методические указания/ Сост. О.А. Черных; ФБОУ ВО «Белгородский государственный аграрный университет имени В.Я. Горина», 2016 г., 22 с.


Рецензент: заместитель директора по учебно-методической работе, преподаватель иностранного языка высшей категории ОГАПОУ «Алексеевский колледж» Злобина Ирина Александровна.


Предлагаемое учебно-методическое пособие — авторская методика развития лексических умений студентов на основе осознания механизмов словообразования в английском языке. В ее основе лежит система упражнений, применение которых расширяет лексический запас студентов на основе осознания процессов словообразования в английском языке, обогащает лексическую сторону речи, а также предупреждает возможные ошибки, связанные с некорректным употреблением аффиксов.

При разработке содержания особое внимание было уделено элементам словообразования, представленным в Кодификаторе, владение которыми становится объектом контроля в ходе ЕГЭ по английскому языку.

Приводятся таблицы словообразовательных суффиксов и префиксов, а также упражнения по заданной теме.

Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов, обучающихся по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (английский)», по всем специальностям факультета СПО очной формы обучения.





Рассмотрен на заседании кафедры общеобразовательных дисциплин ______, протокол № __


И.О. Зав. Кафедрой ____________ Т.Н. Минина


Одобрен методической комиссией факультета среднего профессионального образования _________, протокол № __


Председатель методической комиссии _________О.С. Акупиян










ТАБЛИЦЫ СЛОВООБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНЫХ СУФФИКСОВ И ПРЕФИКСОВ

Суффиксы существительных


Суффиксы прилагательных

African; agrarian

Членность

-nomial

polynomial

Количество граней

-hedral

polyhedral

Способность выражать размеренность

-dimensional

Three-dimensional

Признак кратности

-fold

manifold

Количество сторон

- sided

Two-sided

Количество мест, пунктов и т.д.

-place

Seven-place logarithms

Качество, признак

-some

troublesome


Суффиксы наречий

Суффиксы глаголов


Префиксы

Un

Не-, бес-

Unprofessional; uncover

In- (il-; im-; ir-)

Не-, а-

Illogical: inattentive: irregularity; improver

Dis-

Раз-, не-

Dissatisfaction: disconnect: disagreeable

Mis-

Не-

Misfortune; mistrust

Non-

Не-, без-

Non-transportable;

non-admission

De-

Де-

Decode; detrain

Anti-

Анти-

Antimoral: antifreeze

Counter-

Противо-

Counteract; counterblow


Префиксы, выражающие отношения места, времени, степени, а также превышение, превосходство, избыток чего-либо, расположенный вне чего-либо, недостаточность, неполнота, взаимодействие, предшествование, последовательность

Out-

Пере-

Outsider; outlive

Extra-

Экстра-, вне-

extraterritorial

Ultra-

Сверх-, крайне-

Ultrasonic; ultra-abstract

Trans-

Транс-

Transcontinental; transform

Over-

Пере-

Overdrink; overhead

Super-

Сверх-, пере-, над-

Superprofit; supersonic

Under-

Недо-

Under-clerk; underdose

Sub-

Под-

Submarine; substructure




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WORD-BUILDING

(exercises)




ПАМЯТКА ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТА


При выполнении любых заданий на словообразование предлагается следующий путь решения:

  1. Прочитайте и переведите предложение.

  2. Подумайте, какое слово пропущено, какая часть речи. Это можно определить по месту в предложении, словам и предлогам, стоящим рядом.

  3. Если это существительное, то нужно вспомнить суффиксы существительных, единственное или множественное число.

  4. Если это прилагательное — соответствующие суффиксы, приставки, возможно, отрицательные.

  5. Если это наречие — суффиксы и приставки.

  6. Если это глагол — суффиксы глаголов, временные формы, окончания.

  7. Поставить образованное слово в пропуск и снова прочитать предложение.











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Задания на образование разных частей речи с помощью приставки или суффикса


 EX.1. К какой части речи принадлежат следующие слова, и по каким признакам это можно определить?

Sleepy, photographer, forgetful, argument, thankful, carelessness, classify, modernize, coolness, lifeless, tasteful, formality, speculate, payable, slowness, thoughtfully, federative, entrance, appearance.


EX.2. К какой части речи принадлежат следующие слова, и по каким признакам это можно определить?

Correctness, specialize, formality, speculate, monotonous, boyish, brilliance, mysterious, fasten, ceremonious, attendance, instructive, speechless, really, business, incorrect, unfruitful, illness, ninth, television, re-enter, unusual.


EX.3. Проанализируйте слова, данные «семьями», и подберите необходимое слово в пропуски.

include, including, included, inclusion, inclusive
1. We were seven … Dan and Patsy.
2. Everyone must follow these rules, you … .
3. Megan’s … in the project helped a lot.
4. Did you … the flight expenses?
5. Our seats are 2-7 … .


EX.4. Выберите нужную форму и заполните пропуски.

Travel — travelled, have travelled, will travel, traveler, travelling

We like … to the southern countries.

We … to the USA.

Columbus is a famous … .

Next summer we … to Bulgaria.

Perform, performing, performer, performance

It was a wonderful … !

I never saw Ann … in this play.

The actors … a wonderful play.

Mark is a brilliant … .

Adventure(s), adventurous

We had many … in our trip to Moscow.

He is a very … person.

Exciting, excitement, excited

The film was very … .

We are very … by our future trip.

I got great … from this film.


EX.5. Образуйте с помощью суффиксов и приставок нужные слова и вставьте в пропуски

Strong —    1. I … recommend you to come.  2. He showed me his …3. I become … every day.

Fortune — 1. I was … this day. 2. …, we missed the train.

Attract — 1. She was a very … girl. 2. The place was dirty and …3. I like this popular … .

Child —      1. I was unhappy in my … . 2. Many … play in the ground. 3. She was very … .

Act  — 1. Reading is an …   3. Many … were taken to improve the situation. 4. She is a great … . 5. Children were … at the lesson. 6. She was lazy and … .

Participate — 1. We are … of the competitions. 2. … in this concert made me famous.

Athlete — 1. I like … .  2. He is very … strong.



Задания на образование разных частей речи (развитие навыков словообразования)


EX.1. Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало предложению.

1. Herald Tribune has got a lot of (read).
2. Jim was (help), no one could help him.
3. Ron had a very (pleasant) talk with Mr. Willson, he looked very sad.
4. BBC and CNN work (professional).
5. Comics is a (fun) reading.
6. The flower smells (wonder).
7. I do grammar exercises (regular).
8. Columbus was a great (travel).


EX.2. Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало предложению.

1.(Fortunate) he lost all his money.
2. I stay away from (cruelty) people.
3. I feel (depress) when I am very busy.
4. John is a drug (addiction). He has had this (addict) for several years.
5. Sandra has never felt such (humiliate).
6. What a (fail)! Evidently our team is losing the game.
7. What room (serve) can you offer?
8. It’s often said in newspapers that all people are (equality).
9. I’m talking (serious), stop laughing now!
10. What a wonderful (image) Jane has got! Her story is really beautiful and touching.
11. I’m sorry for (interrupt), but I must deliver this important information.
12. This program is really (entertain).
13. Did he (threat) you? — Oh, no. He just warned me.
14. It was an (forget) concert. The music was live, we enjoyed it a lot.


EX.3. Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало предложению.

1. The kids played (cheer) in the yard.
2. It’s the first time I have been to London, I am a (strange) here.
3. He tried to (concentration), but in vain, the headache was splitting.
4. The Hermitage is a real (treasure) of Russian art.
5. The (quiet) of the house was very unusual, so they decided to enter. At the (enter) they were stopped by an old man.
6. It’s a strange (feel) as if I have been there before.
7. It’s a little (peace) village situated far from the city.
8. Matilda had never had the feeling of (lonely), how could she be lonely if she had lots of books around her.
9. I like Christmas (cheerful).
10. The baby was sleeping (peace) in his crib.
11. Amanda has never spoken a word of (wise), I have never seen such a stupid girl.


EX.4. Измените слово в скобках так, чтобы оно грамматически соответствовало предложению.

1. People have made a lot of (discover).
2. Ron is (skill), he can’t do anything.
3. Edwards is a famous (production).
4. Space (explorer) is very important for any country.
5. Americans were the first to (flight) to the Moon.
6. Mary has a very good (memorable), she can learn any poem in 5 minutes.
7. (whole), I understand the topic rather well.
8. (Create) of a spaceship is a very difficult process.
9. We had a very long (argue) about the terms of the experiment.
10. Alice has a deep (know) of Chemistry.
11. The tool was (use) for us, you needn’t have brought it.
12. How did you (achievement) such results?
13. Japan is a (lead) country in developing new technologies.









Задания на словообразование из разных вариантов ЕГЭ


EX.1. Прочитайте связный текст и измените слово в соответствии с контекстом.

Greener cars  for a greener future

Can you imagine the day when you won’t need to stop for fuel at petrol stations? Or how about 1 … in your own car?  Let’s see what Dr Stephen Green, director of Cars of the Future International says. “Well, our job is to design and test cars that don’t cause the environment 2 … . Scientists from all over the world work for the company. These cars don’t run on petrol. They use alternative sources of  3… such as solar power,  4 … or 5 …  gas. Of course, they can be very expensive, but we are not the 6… . Last year we presented the results of 7… of our solar car at the conference in Tokyo. We are going soon to start work on a flying car. No more traffic jams, can you imagine it?

1 FLY

2 POLLUTE

3 ENERGETIC

4 ELECTRICIAN

5 NATURE

6  BEGIN

7  TEST

EX.2. Прочитайте связный текст и измените слово в соответствии с контекстом.

Leo da Vinci

1____ you have already read The Da Vinci Code or seen the film. But who 2____ was Leonardo da Vinci? Well, he was born in 1452 in Italy. He is 3____ for his painting, the Mona Lisa. Da Vinci was also an 4 ____ who designed a helicopter and a submarine before they were invented. Leonardo thought that by 5_______ how each part of a machine worked, he could change them and then put them together in 6 _____ ways. In this way he could improve existing machines or create new ones. He drew his ideas so well that 500 years later his sketches were used for 7_____ perfect working models.

1 RPOBABLE

2 EXACT

3 FAME

4 INVENT

5 UNDERSTAND

6 DIFFER

7 MAKE

EX.3. Прочитайте связный текст и измените слово в соответствии с контекстом.

Packaging

Products in supermarkets are 1 ___ presented in plastic bags, boxes or trays. People use 2____packaging. But ask yourself what is more important-content or the wrapping?  Yes, we do need packaging. It preserves goods, protects them from damages and makes them look presentable for 3____. Most packaging is not 4____. It is dumped in landfills or burnt.  This results in more 5____. But supermarkets are now working to cut back — packages become smaller, so 6_____ use less energy to transport them.  All this got to do with you, consumer. Choose products that use minimum packaging, it can be 7 ____    You can use glass jars for storing things. 8_____   a lot of people in Europe started sorting rubbish, which reduces the number of landfills as the rubbish is taken to the 9____ factory  and a lot of new goods are produced of the recycled materials.

1 BEAUTIFUL

2 EXCESS

3 CONSUME

4 RECYCLE

5 POLLUTE

6 MANUFACTURE

7 REUSE

8 HOPEFUL

9 RECYCLE




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Ex. 1. Переведите следующие слова, выделите в них суффиксы и префиксы:

Untrue, prehistoric, ultramodern, postwar, ex-champion, anti-body, de compose, decode, deform, depart, discover, disappearance, reread, reconstruct, coauthor, unequal, misunderstand, undress, disarm, anti-fascist, cooperation, co-existence, interaction, superhuman, ultra-violet.


Ex. 2. Определите, к какой части речи относятся следующие слова. Переведите их:

Achievement - achieve, resistance - resistant, assistance - assist - assistant, celebration - celebrate, difference - different, city - citizen, nation - national - nationality, measure - measurement, develop - development, act - active - activity, contain - container, discover - discovery - discoverer, literature - literary, graduate - graduation - undergraduate - post-graduate, educate - education, progress - progressive, act - action - activity - active, govern - governor - government.


Ex. З. Образуйте от данных глаголов существительные с помощью суффикса -ег или -or. Переведите на русский язык:

To lead, to write, to read, to visit, to speak, to sleep, to act, to direct, to conduct, to drive, to fight, to mine, to report, to sing, to skate, to swim, to teach, to travel, to sail, to invent, to found, to compose.


Ex. 4. Образуйте от данных слов существительные с помощью суффикса -ist, -ism, -ian. Переведите на русский язык:

Special, social, art, capital, economy, international, piano, technic, mathematics, statistics, politics, music, electric, Russia, Hungary, Canada, India.

are, aim, use, shape, fruit, power, thought, harm, colour.


Ex. 5. Образуйте от данных глаголов существительные с помощью суффикса -ment. Переведите на русский язык:

Develop, achieve, move, arrange, treat, state, improve, agree, equip, govern, require, measure, announce, pave, amuse, argue, advertise, invest.


Ex. 6. Образуйте прилагательные с помощью суффиксов -ful и -less, переведите их на русский язык:

Beauty, thank, hope, doubt,


Ex. 7. Образуйте прилагательные с помощью суффиксов -able, -ible, переведите их на русский язык:

Change, convert, prevent, break, compare, desire, profit, read, comfort, respect, expect, fashion, flex.


Ex. 8. Найдите и выделите суффиксы в данных словах и определите, к ка кой части речи эти слова относятся:

British, foolish, understandable, heartless, pitiless, successful, experiment, function, musician, socialist, artist, capitalism, professional, fundamental, industrial, doubtful, useful, different, treatment, creative, attractive, peaceful, dangerous, elementary, childish, active, economic, director, worker, passage, marriage, silence, freedom, kingdom.


Ex. 9. Образуйте глаголы с помощью суффикса -en:

Red, tight, soft, deep, short, dark, bright, weak, black, white, sweet, sharp,

Strong, long.


Ex. 10. Образуйте наречия с помощью суффикса -Lу и переведите их:

Bad, first, part, quick, strong, short, silent, rapid, wide, extreme, cruel, kind, happy.


Ex. 11. Образуйте глаголы от данных существительных. Переведите их:

Turn, smile, smoke, snow, start, stay, step, stop, study, talk, visit, rest, air, paper, cover, handle, cause, watch, act, address, answer, brush, clean, cross, crowd, wave, wish, work, dance, doubt, dress, end, fight, help, hope, joke, laugh, lift, light, love, mind, paper, pencil, place, plan, play, post, reply, report, return, sail, show.


Ex. 12. Переведите на русский язык. Выделите словообразу ющие элементы. Определите, к какой части речи относятся данные слова:

React, reaction, reactor, reactivity; science, scientific, scientist; industry, industrial, industrious; cold, coldly, coldness; dark, darkness, darken; happy, happily, happiness, unhappy; equal, equally, unequal, equality; free, freedom, freely; attention, attentive, attentively; sun, sunny, sunless; care, careful, careless, carefully, carelessness; to differ, different, difference, indifferent; England, English, Englishman; poison,poisonous,extreme,extremely,extremity,extremist,friend,friendship,friendly,unfriendly.


Ex. 13. Переведите следующие сложные слова:

Aircraft, airspace, Air Force , summer-resort, rest-house, custom-house, dining-room, dining car, living-room , fireplace, nightlife, newsagent, sunglasses, popstar, snowboarding, bungee jumping, earthquake, greenhouse, laptop, software, science-fiction, solar system, so-called, haircut , hairbrush, icebox, newspaper, notebook, rain forest ,lifetime , raincoat, sportsman, sunshine, sunrise, sunset, sunflower, body-piercing.


Ex. 14. Прочтите следующие пары слов, соблюдая ударения. Переведите их:

An accent - to accent, a contract - to contract, a content - to content, a contest - to contest, an increase-to increase, a convict - to convict, a perfect - to perfect, a record - to record, a effuse - to refuse, a refugee-to refuge.


Ex. 15. Определите, к каким частям речи относятся выделенные слова:

1. Не works as a teacher. 2. I saw one of his works at the exhibition. 3. I was waiting for your report. 4. They report the results of their experiment every Monday. 5. His report contains some of his thoughts about the experiment. 6. You’ll make progress if you work hard. 7. He thought about his new work. 8. I have a present for you. 9. I am busy at pre sent. 10. He presented me with a book.


Ex. 16. Проанализируйте состав следующих слов. Определите части речи. Дайте начальную форму. Переведите слова:

Powerful, inventor, high-quality, network, demoralize, profitable, dislike, disagree, movement, shorten, incorrect, electricity, fruitful, fruitless, happiness, dangerous, noisy, sunny, rainy, badly, strongly, reading, teaching, rebuild, retell, leader, teacher, unhappy, unusual, translation, cooperation, schoolboy, icebreaker.


Ex. 17. Напишите сложные существительные, исходя из объяснений.


Например: A machine for drying hair – hair drier.


1. A thing for opening tins - ... . 2. A machine for playing records - ... . 3. A machine for mixing food - ... . 4. A thing that times eggs (when they are boiling) - ... . 5. Things for warming people’s legs - ... . 6. Stuff that kills flies - ... . 7. A liquid that removes paint - ... . 8. A tool that opens bottles - ... . 9. A thing for peeling potatoes - ... . 10. A liquid for removing eye makeup - ... . 11. Stuff for freshening the air - ... .



Ex. 18. Распределите прилагательные по трем группам: 1) люди, 2) места, 3) вещи:

Obstinate, unspoilt, hand-made, waterproof, easy-going, breathtaking, aggressive, deserted, overgrown, overcrowded, cunning, picturesque, arrogant, long-lasting, spoilt, automatic, accurate, artificial.


Ex. 19Выберите слово с нужным по смыслу префиксом или суффиксом.

1. I know Jim Kerry is very popular but I find him totally childish / childlike. 2. I couldn’t work out whom the letter was from. The signature was childish / childlike. 3. Sarah is so childish / childlike. She always plays trick on her friends. 4. It was wonderful to watch the tiny lambs playing. I got such childish / childlike pleasure from the experience. 5. Sophie is extremely sensitive / sensible at the moment. Anything you say seems to upset her. 6. Karen is not a very sensitive / sensible person. She wore high-heeled shoes for our four-mile walk. 7. I’ve never known her to tell a lie. She’s a very true / truthful person. 8. I can never watch sad films that are based on true / truthful a story. They always make me cry. 9. Susan is so intolerable / intolerant of other people. She never accepts anyone else’s opinion, and she always thinks she knows best. 10. I find Mark’s behavior intolerable / intolerant. It’s unfair to be so selfish. 11. We’re having an economic / economical crisis at the moment. James has lost his job and I don’t know how we are going to pay the rent. 12. It’s more economic/ economical to drive slowly. You can do a lot more miles to the gallop.


Ex.20 Подберите к каждой тройке слов такое, чтобы с его помощью образовать составные существительные, используйте слова: board, green, paper, book, birthday, blood, rain, site, road, sports, ice, water, day, night, hand, case, sun, bag.


Например: camp..., building..., bomb... – campsite, building site, bomb-site.


1. ...test, ...pressure, ...donor. 2. ...fall, ...melon, ...skiing. 3. ...house, ...grocer, ...salad. 4. ...club, ...mare, ...shift. 5. brief..., suit..., book... . 6. paper..., plastic..., shoulder... . 7. ...bow, ...coat, ...drop. 8. ...shine, ...rise, ...set. 9. ...works, ...sign, ...rage. 10. black..., floor..., notice... . 11. ...light, ...break, ...dream. 12. ...shake, ...writing, ...book. 13. ...cube, ...berg, ...rink. 14. ...cake, ...present, ...card. 15. ...scape, ...lady, ...slide. 16. ...car, ...center, ...ground. 17. address..., visitor’s..., note... .


Ex. 21Дополните предложения сложными существительными в скобках (это могут быть и составные существительные, и существительные в притяжательном падеже в простой или аналитической форме).

1. Your coat is on the ... (back, chair). 2. You’ve just spilt the ... (milk, cat). 3. Can you buy some ... (paper, toilet). 4. I never listened to my ... (advise, parents). 5. Can you buy a ... (wine, bottle) to have with supper? 6. What did that ... (road, sigh) say? Did you see it? 7. It’s such a mess in here. There are empty ... (wine, bottles) everywhere. 8. The ... (Prime Minister, duties) include entertaining heads of the state. 9. The ... (my shoe, heel) has come off. 10. Can I borrow your ... (brush, hair)? 11. What happened at the ... (film, end)? 12. Here is ... (today, news). 13. Where is the nearest ... (Metro, station)? 14. It’s my ... (anniversary, parents, wedding) next week. 15. The ... (company, success) is due to its efficiency. 16. I’ve got a ... (fortnight, holiday) next month. 17. The ... (government, economic policy) is confusing. 18. My children go to the local ... (school, state). 19. The annual ... (rate, inflation) is about 4 percent. 20. Are there any ... (coffee, cups) in your bedroom? There are none in the kitchen. 21. Do you want a ... (coffee, cup)?


Ex.22. Заполните пропуски глаголом или существительным: advice – to advise, use – to use, abuse – to abuse, belief – to believe, relief – to relieve, grief – grieve, excuse – to excuse, breath – to breathe, half – to halve, house – to house, safe – to save, bath – to bathe.


1. It is my personal ... that this man is innocent. 2. Let me listen to your chest. Take a deep ... and say “Ah”. 3. You should put your valuables in the ... . 4. Drug ... is a terrible problem all over the world. 5. I know it isn’t good for my skin, but I love sun ... . 6. I’ve been so worried about you! It’s such a ... to see you at last! 7. “What are we going to do with this cake?” “Cut it in two. You take ... and I’ll take ... .” 8. Can you show me how to ... this new coffee machine? 9. The refugees are ... in temporary accommodation. 10. She apologizes for her behavior, and said it was because she’d had a busy day, but that’s no ... for breaking all the plates. 11. People need time to ... after the death of someone they love. 12. Take my ... . Never marry for money. Marry for love.


Ex. 23. Напишите слово противоположное по значению, используя префикс

Kind, honest, credible, appear, fair, equal, pleased, continue, fasten, normal, employed, friendly, trust, professional, known, cover, safe, use, probable, important, emotional.





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WORD-BUILDING (Test)


1. Определите, к какой части речи относятся данные слова. Переведите их:

Beautiful, function, artist, musician, heartless, economic, worker, badly, act, action, active, basic, fruitless, population, movement, historic, democratic, work, daily, literature, picture, organization, friendship, highly, leader, fight, fighter, national, impressive, hopeful, hopeless, beautiful, special, specialist, define, definition, humanism, humanist, humanistic, use, useful, useless.


2. Переведите слова на русский язык. Определите префикс и его значение:

Coauthor, undress, disarm, postwar, illegal, unkind, reconstruct, deformation, prewar, antihero , ex-champion, superhuman, disagreement,

3. Образуйте прилагательные от существительных при помощи следующих суффиксов: -al, -ful, -ous, -у, -able, -ible, -ic, -less, -ish. Переведите пары слов.

Reason, beauty, hope, doubt, care, aim, use, desire, boy, success, heart, experiment, form, office, danger, fame, electron, base, nature, cloud, sun, child, Scott, history, home.


4. Переведите предложения. Определите, к каким частям речи относятся выделенные слова. Назовите сложные слова:

1. Many pupils study English. 2. My grandfather has a large study. 3. Who ruled this country? 4. All sportsmen must obey the rules of the game. 5. The Soviet Union is tied by friendship with India in their work for peace. 6. All peace-loving people work for peace for the whole of mankind.


5. Назовите глаголы, от которых образованы следующие существительные:

Protection, show, writer, worker, movement, investigation, achieve ment, statement, reader, department, equipment, construction, organization, reporter, arrival, improvement, conductor, establishment, development, education, definition, regulation, assistance, agreement.


6. Переведите без словаря. Определите, к какой части речи относятся слова:

a) Specialist, institute, university, culture, cultural, centre, central, nation, national, international, organization, minister, nature, natural, traditional, progressive, moral, social, socialist, public, programmer, popular, modern, revolution, revolutionary, final, talent, continent, festival, political, experiment, experimentation, electricity, technical, transformation, system, systematically, practice, practical, seminar, lecture, lecturer, period, historic, history, professor, complex, form, acceleration, instrument, philosopher, idea, basic, fundamental, conceptions, mass, class, element, motor, method, problem, energy, radio, text, material, temperature, progress, television.


b) 1. France and England are European countries. 2. In the evening we like to listen to classical music. 3. We saw a comedy at the Drama Theatre last night. 4. Your train leaves from platform two. 5. This jazz orchestra gave several concerts in our town. 6. In 1610 Galileo constructed the first tele scope in the world. 7. This was a dangerous experiment.


7. Проанализируйте следующие слова, какие они? Определите их составляющие. Переведите на русский язык:

Ice-hockey, world-wide, bedroom, newspaper, long-term, birthplace, sportsman, apple-juice, peace-loving, schoolchildren, football, highland, television, underground, north-west, sometimes, lowland, landscape, well-known, multinational, network, vice-president.


8. Поставьте слово, указанное в скобках, в нужную форму.

1. My father is very ... (act) even though he’s seventy. 2. I’ve always wanted to work in the theatre, but ... (act) it isn’t a very secure profession. 3. I ... (hope), we’ll soon find a solution to the problem. 4. Look ... (care) to the left and to the right before crossing the road. 5. It was very ... (care) of you to lose my watch. 6. I take two ... (day) newspapers and three Sunday papers. 7. You’ve broken my camera! Look at it! It’s ... (use)! 8. Thanks for the advice. It was really ... (use). 9. I have some very ... (noise) neighbours. 10. She became ... (fame) as a result of her invention.






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Тренировочные тесты


Test 1.

  1. This is the most . . . . . . concert I‘ve ever been to. (Expense)

  2. Her husband’s not a very…...person. (Patience)

  3. Susan is very…...and wants to do well. (Ambition)

  4. Show some……. Don’t you like the idea? (Enthuse)

  5. Her problem is that she has not enough……in herself. (Confide)

  6. Dan is really very……, even rude sometimes. (Polite)

  7. I haven’t been to the cinema…… . (Recent)

  8. Mary…… and they never s aw her again. (Appear)


Test 2.

  1. Most people have no real…… in ghosts.(Believe)

  2. Mark Twain wrote many…… stories. (Humour)

  3. The children’s…… at the concert was excellent. (Behave)

  4. Rita asked for a …… and cashier gave her one. (Receive)

  5. Do you think you have the…… to pass the exam? (Able)

  6. You need a lot of …… to write a good story. (Imagine)

  7. I read an interesting …… in the newspaper. (Advertise)

  8. Their friendship began in their …… . (Child)


Test 3.

  1. I’m telling you the ……! I swear! (True)

  2. Your composition isn’t good enough. You’ll have to …… it. (Write)

  3. Did you know Ann used to work as a …… when she was younger? (Wait)

  4. They need your …… before they can do it. (Sign)

  5. It all happened quite…… . I didn’t have time to think. (Sudden)

  6. I’m sure his new film is going to be a huge…… .(Succeed)

  7. Did Paul give an …… for his actions? (Explain)

  8. The …… of the village are all very kind. (Inhabit)


Test 4.

  1. The leaflet gives a brief…… of each place. (Describe)

  2. Can you give us a quick …… of how it works? (Explain)

  3. Olga broke the vase during an …… with her husband. (Argue)

  4. Gold is a very …… metal. (Value)

  5. Peter began to feel depressed and …… . (Help)

  6. His book is the result of years of …… research. (Care)

  7. This snake is not …… at all. (Danger)

  8. The bright flowers make the room look….. . (Cheer)



Test 5.

1. Teenagers nowadays are more interested in ……. problems. (Globe)

2. Have you seen the new Levi …… on TV? (Advertise)

3. I looked everywhere but I couldn’t find him. He’s …… (Appear)

4. It’s very…… to drink and drive. (Danger)

5. Can you give me some more …… about this adventure holiday? (Inform)

6. We need to put up some …… for tonight’s party. (Decorate)

7. The weather today will be cold and…… . (Wind)

8. Margarita was very …… with the service. (Satisfy)


Test 6.

  1. They put a lot of …… on him to agree to their demands. (Press)

  2. I’ve had three…… nights and l feel exhausted. (Sleep)

  3. If you have problems with your ……, see a doctor. (Circulate)

  4. I’m feeling very …… today. I think I’ll go for a run. (Energy)

  5. Remember that …… are also human. (Examine)

  6. His nose was quite …… for days after he’d it pierced. ( Pain)

  7. There are a lot of …… restaurants in this area. (Fashion)

  8. Although she isn’t beautiful, most men find her quite…… (Attract).


Test 7.

1.The food was completely …… ; he was a useless cook .(Taste)

2. There were over 500 ……to the temple every day .(Visit )

3. You can’t hope to win the race without any …… .(Train)

4. In spite of her ……,Jane continued her journey .(Hungry )

5.Hard as he tried , he was unable to find …… .(Solve )

6.I …… speaking , I don’t think Latin is a useful subject .(Person)

7.You need to organize your time more …… (Efficient )


Test 8.

    1. Stories are more ……. than lists of words .(Memory )

    2. His exam results were very …… . (Please )

    3. Passing exams will help you to get a ……job .(Good )

    4. You should revise on a regular …… (Base )

    5. There are books that are specially …….for foreign learners.(Simple )

    6. A degree is a very useful…….to have .(Qualify )

    7. I hope you will take into …… what I have just said to you .(Consider )

    8. This new book had many beautiful ……in it .(ILLUSTRATE)

Test 9.

1.My aunt became …….when she went to America.

(Fame)

2.Paul sings …….; I’m surprised he isn’t a professional singer. (Beauty)

3.I was …….to see all my old friends again. (Delight )

4.They bought some …… for their new house. (Furnish )

5. She lives in a really ……mansion in the suburbs. (Luxury )

6. Are you sitting ……. in that chair ? (Comfort )

7.Everyone was nervous about the ……’s visit. (Inspector)

8.Our teacher has a really strong ……. . (Person)

9.His father has the best …… of ancient coins. (Collect)


Test 10.

1.The teacher wanted to know what my greatest …….(Ambitious)

2.I……ever go to the theatre. I don’t like it .(Hard )

3.Marina has a very …… manner , which I appreciate .(Relax)

4.Her son took part in the world ……last year .(Champion)

5.I was …….when victor said I was beautiful.(Flatter)

6. Julia got a ……for best leading actress .(Nominate )

7.She’s a very ……thinker .(Origin)

8.Her friend is very …….! You can trust him .(Rely)



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