ТЕМА: «THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHEN IRELAND»
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ОБОРУДОВАНИЕ: карта Великобритании, таблицы, картинки, ИКТ,
презентации, фотографии членов королевской семьи.
Учащиеся занимают свои места согласно распределённым ролям:
Good afternoon, children. I am very glad to see you here. The topic of our lesson is «The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland». Today we shall revise everything we know about this country, participate in the game and find out the best expert in this question. So, I want you to demonstrate all your knowledge. Good luck!
The first task will be to answer the questions of the quiz «Do you know much about Great Britain?»
What place is this?
What is the highest mountain in Great Britain? – Ben Nevis in Scotland.
What river is the longest in Great Britain? – The Severn.
What is Liverpool famous for in English pop music? – Beatles land.
What city is called the city of thousand trades? – Birmingham, an industrial center.
What is the birthplace of the playwright William Shakespeare? –Stratford- upon-Avon.
What is the place of annual summer musical festival? –Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, twin city of Kiev.
In what part of Great Britain is the wool industry developed? –Scotland.
Who is the Prime Minister of GB? –.
What is the translation of the Scottish word “loch”? –Lake.
What is the official address of the Prime Minister in London? –10 Downing street
What is considered to be the English national game? – Cricket in summer, football in winter.
What cities are University cities in GB? –Oxford, Cambridge.
National Scottish costume and musical instrument.
H.: The United Kingdom is very small compared with many other countries in the world. Some people call that country “Britain”, others call it “England”, and there is another name “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. So, which is correct? Speaking about it you can use the map.
P.1: The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an island state. It occupies the territory of the British Isles and is composed of more then 5,500 islands, small and large. The two main islands are GB and Ireland. The UK consists of four parts:
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north-west and the North Sea in the east. The English Channel and the Strait of Dover in the south separate the UK from Europe. Two islands (GB and Ireland) are separated by the Irish Sea.
H.: The next aspect is the landscape of the country. What can you say about its surface?
P.2: The surface of England and Northern Ireland is flat, but the surface of Scotland and Wales is mountainous. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland and Snowdon in Wales. The longest river is the Severn in the southwest of England. The capital of GB – London stands on the river Thames. The country has many beautiful lakes especially in the Lake District and Scotland.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER.
H.: You know that sometimes the British Isles are called “The Foggy Albion”. You should know that “Alb” means “white” from Latin. Who can tell about climate and weather of the British Isles.
P.: The weather in the country is so changeable that the English people say they have no climate but only the weather. The Irish Sea enters deeply into the land. This influences greatly the climate, which is damp and mild: the winter is not very cold and the summer is not very hot. As a rule, there is no ice on the lakes and rivers in winter, and snow never lies on the ground for long. All parts of the British Isles get a lot of rain in all seasons.
TRADITIONS AND NATIONAL EMBLEMS.
T.: Our next aspect is the national traditions of the UK. The population of each part of the UK has its own traditions and national emblems. What can you tell about these facts?
P.: The flag of the UK is called Union Jack. It is made up of three crosses. The crosses stand for the patron saints of England, Scotland and Ireland.
H.: What do you know about national peculiarities of each part of the UK.
P.: The capital of England is London. People from England are the English. They speak English. England’s national day is St. George’s Day. It is on the 23d of April. St. George is the patron saint of England. The national flower is rose.
P.: The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. People from Scotland are Scots. They speak Scottish or English. Scotland’s national day is St. Andrew’s day. It is observed on the 30th of November. St. Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland. The Scottish national flower is the thistle.
P.: The capital of Wales is Cardiff. People from Wales are the Welsh. Their national language is Welsh. St.David`s Day is the national day of Wales. It is observed on the 1st of March. The national flower of Wales is daffodil. However, the leek is also considered to be the national emblem of Wales.
P.: The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The Irish people speak Irish or English. St. Patrick’s Day is an official Holliday in Northern Ireland. It is observed on the 17th of March. The work of St. Patrick was a vital factor in spread of Christianity in Ireland. The day is marked by wearing shamrocks. Shamrock is a three-leaved plant. It was used by St. Patrick to illustrate the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
VI. THE POLITICAL SYSTEM.
H.: What do you know about the political system of this country?
P.: In Britain the Queen is the head of State, but in fact she reigns but does not rule the country, as she has no power. The Queen is the symbol of the country history and its traditions. Nowadays the British royal family is headed by Queen Elizabeth but she has only formal functions. She is the Commander-in-Chief of all Armed Forces. She is the Temporal Governor of the Church of England.
P.: But real power in the country belongs to the British Parliament and to the British Government. The British Parliament consists of two houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords includes Lords Spiritual and Lords Temporal. They are presided by Lord Chancellor. The members of this House are not elected. They are permanent. The House of Lords can offer and change laws, it can delay laws too.
P.: The House of Commons is presided by the speaker. The members of the House of Commons are elected. The British people elect them every five years. The House of Commons consists of 650 members. The House of Commons adopts laws about the policy of the country, taxes and many other things. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the major party in the House of Commons.
VII. SUMMARIZING THE LESSON.
Пока жюри совещается, идёт музыкальная пауза, и звучат популярные английские песни, которые надо угадать.
К концу урока учащиеся смогут:
- обобщить изученный материал по теме "Соединённое Королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии",
- актуализировать навыки чтения, говорения, аудирования и письма по теме,
- воспитывать чувства уважения к другой стране, к её народу и традициям Соединённого Королевства
- расширят знания о географическом положении страны, о её социально-политическом и административном устройстве.
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