ENGLISH IN MY POCKET
How are you?
I’m OK. And you?
I’m fine, thanks.
What’s your name?
My name’s Anya.
How do you spell it?
A-N-Y-A. What’s your name?
My name’s Liz.
And how old are you?
I’m twelve. And you?
Where are you from?
I’ m from Russia. And you?
I’m from Britain.
This is my new friend Olga.
Nice to meet you, Olga.
Nice to meet you, too.
Goodbye, Anya and Olga. See you later/tomorrow/.
Bye, Liz/See you/.
At school ( Fact file)
I’m Maria Ivanova.
I’m twelve years old.
I’m at Nizhny Novgorod secondary school № 102
I’m in Class 5 A (B,C,D…)
I do Russian, literature, maths, English, geography, science, history, art, PE, IT, music, PSHE.
My favourite subject is maths (Russian, English…)
Where are you from?
I’m from Russia.
What’s the capital of Russia?
What nationality are you?
Where is he from?
He’s from Great Britain.
What’s the capital of Great Britain?
What nationality is he?
Hello! I’m Natasha. I’m from Russia. I can speak Russian and a bit of English, but I can’t speak French (German, Japanese, Italian, Greek…).
Hi, my name’s Dima. I’m twelve years old and I’m from Nizhny Novgorod. I’ve got a great stamp (book, coin, toy car…) collection. There are eighty stamps in it. They are from Japan, France, Canada, etc. I like stamps because they have nice pictures. I’m proud of my collection. Stamp collecting is easy and fun. It makes me happy.
Shopping for souvenirs
Shop assistant :
Good afternoon (morning, evening). How can I help you?
Good afternoon. I want to buy a souvenir.
How about this doll?
That’s a good idea. How much is it?
Can I have two, please?
Sure. That’s $10.00.
Here you are.
Where do you live?
I live in a block of flats (house, townhouse, semi-detached house).
What’s your flat (house) like?
There’s a living room, a kitchen, a bedroom and a bathroom.
What furniture is there in the living room?
There’s a sofa, an armchair, a television (TV-set) but there isn’t a coffee table in it.
How about the kitchen? Is there a cooker?
Yes, there is. There’s also a sink, a fridge and a table.
What furniture has the bathroom got?
It has got a washbasin, a bath (bath cabin) and a toilet.
And what about your bedroom?
My bedroom is great! It’s very big and there’s a lot of furniture in it. I’ve got a small bed, a desk, a chair, a wardrobe and a bookcase. The bed is in front of the wardrobe. My desk is under the window. There’s a computer and a lamp on my desk and I’ve got books in the bookcase next to my desk. I like my bedroom very much.
About my family
My family is big (small) and friendly (close). I’ve got a mother, a father, a sister, a brother, a grandmother and a grandfather.
My mum’s name is…She’s 35 and a music teacher. She can play the guitar. She’s very pretty and clever.
My dad’s…He’s…and he’s a businessman. He can… He’s very cool.
About my friend
Max is 12 years old. He’s tall and thin. He’s got fair (dark, red) hair, blue (brown, green, big) eyes, a big (small) mouth and a small (big) nose. He’s very clever (funny, cool, kind, friendly, caring, noisy).
- What does he look like?
- He’s tall with short fair hair.
- What’s he like?
- He’s clever and kind. But he’s as slow as a snail.
What is your favourite wild animal?
I like tigers. They are dangerous but beautiful. They are big and red with black stripes. They have got sharp teeth and claws. They can run very fast.
And my favourite animal is an elephant. It’s a giant with big ears, short legs and a long trunk. It’s big but kind.
What pets have you got?
I’ve got a cat. My cat’s name is Pushok and he is 8 years old. He has got big ears and bright green eyes.
What does your cat do?
He plays all day and at night he sleeps on my bed. And what about your pet?
I’ve got a budgie. His name is Gosha and he is one. He has got blue, grey and white feathers and a little yellow beak. He sings all day long.
Round the clock
-What time is it, please? (Have you got the time, please? Excuse me, what’s the time, please?)
-It’s 9 o’clock (sharp, a.m / p.m).
It’s 5 past 9 (09:05).
It’s 10 past 10 (09:10).
It’s quarter past 9 (09:15).
It’s half past 9 (09:30).
It’s quarter to 10 (09:45).
It’s 5 to 10 (09:55).
It’s 10 o’clock.
My working day in short
I usually wake up at 7 o’clock in the morning. I get dressed and eat my breakfast at quarter past 7. Then I go to school. My lessons start at 8 a.m.
I have lunch/dinner at about 12 o’clock in the afternoon. I return back home at 2 p.m. I relax, watch TV and go for a walk at 4 p.m. At 6 p.m. I do my homework. I eat dinner/supper at 7 p.m. Then I play computer games, watch TV or read books. I go to bed at 10 o’clock in the evening.
Writing about what my family is doing at the moment
Thanks for your email. How are you? I’m doing my homework.
All the family is busy too. Mum’s cleaning the flat at the moment. Dad’s fixing the TV-set – it’s broken. My little brother, Tim, is playing with his toy car. My sister Alice is making some phone calls.
What are you doing? Write back soon.
Making suggestions (for going out)
Hi, Mary. Are you free this afternoon?
Let’s go shopping.
No, thanks. I’m very tired. How about going for a smoothie at about 5 p.m.?
Sounds great! Why don’t we go shopping tomorrow?
Sure, that’s a great idea.
OK, see you soon.
About the weather
What’s the weather like today?
(+) It’s a lovely/beautiful day (It’s warm/very hot/fabulous/sunny…). It’s 20 degrees above zero.
(-) It’s awful (terrible/freezing/cold…). It’s 5 degrees below zero.
How do I look in this jacket (How does this look on me? / What do you think of my jacket? / Do I look all right in this?)?
(+) It looks great on you (You look lovely/ It suits you perfectly)
(-) I’m not sure it suits you (That looks terrible on you).
Hello, Ann! Glad to hear from you.
Hi, Alex! Greetings from Russia! It’s winter and it’s really cold here!
And it is summer in Africa. It’s hot almost all the time!
Fantastic! What are you wearing now?
A T-shirt, shorts, trainers and a cap.
Lucky you! And I’m wearing a warm coat, a jumper, jeans, boots, a hat and gloves.
Shopping for clothes
Good morning. How can I help you?
I’m looking for a T-shirt.
They are over there. Any particular colour?
A blue one, please.
What size are you?
I’m a size 11-12.
What about this one?
That’s fine. Thank you.
How much is it?
That’s $10, please.
Here you are.
Thank you. Have a nice day.
Making suggestions (for food)
How about pizza and sushi for a birthday party tomorrow?
That sounds great! Shall we have milkshakers?
That would be nice. Have we got any milk?
We’ve got some. But we haven’t got any strawberries.
What about making a birthday cake?
I’d love to. Chocolate cakes are my favourite.
But we have no chocolate. Shall we have fruit salads?
Good idea. There are some bananas, oranges, grapes in the fridge, but there aren’t any apples.
OK, let’s make a shopping list then.
Ordering food (at takeaway restaurants)
Can I take your order?
I’d like a large cheeseburger, please.
Would you like anything to drink with that?
An orange juice, please.
Is that eat in or takeaway?
Take away, please.
That’s $ 5.89, please.
Here you are.
Thank you. Enjoy your meal.
Shopping yesterday (speaking about the past)
- Hi, Ann! How are you?
- Hi, Olga! I’m well, thanks. What about you?
- I’m well too! Do you like my new dress? I was at the mall yesterday. My mum and I were in Brown’s clothes shop. There was a sale on.
- Oh! I like it! Was the dress expensive?
- No, it wasn’t. It was really cheap. Only $15.00.
- Were there any other clothes in the sale?
- Yes, there were T-shirts, jeans, blouses.
- Let’s go to the Brown’s tomorrow.
- We can have a snack at the café too.
- Good idea!
Writing about the past
I hope you are well. Guess where I was last weekend! I decided to go to the Indigo Life with my friends. There were a lot of people there. First we went to the cinema. The film was about pirates. We enjoyed it very much. We tried sweet popcorn but I didn’t like it. We also went to the Evrika where we play
ed different computer games. I even won a prize – it’s a new watch! We stayed until late in the evening.
What about you? Did you visit your grandparents? Write back soon.
Asking for and giving directions
Excuse me, is there a fast food near here?
Yes, there’s one on Berry Street.
On the corner of Eldon Road and Berry Street.
Thanks a lot. And can you tell me where the cinema is?
Yes, sure. Go down Berry Street and turn right. Walk down Bath Street. The cinema is on your left.
On my left?
Yes. It’s opposite the toy shop. You can’t miss it.
Inviting/suggesting-accepting/refusing (speaking about the future)
Good morning, Lucy.
Good morning, Bill.
What are your plans for today?
Well, I don’t have any plans.
Why don’t you come and have breakfast with me?
Yes, sure. And why don’t we go sunbathing after that?
That sounds great! I’ll probably go swimming too. Would you like to go fishing with me?
I’m sorry, but I’m not good at it!
But you’ll try!
Renting a bike/a car
Hello. Can I help you?
Yes, please. We’d like to rent two bikes, please.
Right. We’ve got ordinary bikes or mountain bikes. Which would you prefer?
Erm…mountain bikes, I think.
OK. Well, we’ve got these two red ones here.
They look great.
How many days would you like them for?
Well, how much does it cost per day?
It’s $ 6 a day for each bike.
That’s OK. We’ll have them for two days then, please.
Certainly. Can you sign here, please?
/Настоящее Простое Время/
/Прошедшее Простое Время/
/Будущее Простое Время/
-регулярно совершаемое действие (вообще)
-действие произошло в прошлом (вообще)
-действие произойдёт в будущем (вообще)
V-ed (regular/правильные глаголы)/V-2f (irregular/неправильные глаголы)
+ I play football every day./ He plays football every day.
Peter played football yesterday.
/ Mary slept much yesterday.
Peter’ll play football tomorrow.
- I don’t play football every day./He doesn’t play football every day.
Peter didn’t play football yesterday.
/ Mary didn’t sleep much yesterday.
Peter will not (=won’t) play football tomorrow.
? Do you play football every day? Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.
Does he play football every day? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.
Did Peter play football yesterday? Yes, he did./No, he didn’t.
/ Did Mary sleep much yesterday? Yes, she did./ No, she didn’t.
Will Peter play football tomorrow? Yes, he will./No, he won’t.
Wh When do you play football?
I play football every day.
Who plays football every day?
What did Peter play yesterday?
He played football yesterday.
Who played football yesterday? Peter did.
/ When did Mary sleep much?
She slept much yesterday.
Who slept much yesterday? Mary did.
What will Peter do tomorrow? He will play football.
Who will play football tomorrow? Peter will.
Always, sometimes, from time to time, seldom, usually, today, every day (week, month, year, summer, Sunday).
Yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (month, year), 2 days (a week, a month) ago, in 2014.
Tomorrow, next week (month, year, summer, Monday), in a week (month, year) – через неделю (и т.д.).
/Настоящее Длящееся Время/
/Прошедшее Длящееся Время/
/Будущее Длящееся Время/
- действие происходит в момент речи, прямо сейчас
Is + Ving
They are playing
+ You are playing basketball now.
-You aren’t playing football now.
? Are you playing basketball now? /Yes, I am./ No, I’m not.
Wh What are you playing now?/I’m playing basketball now.
Who is playing basketball now?/I am.
now, at the moment, at present
List of Irregular Verbs
/Таблица неправильных глаголов/
was [wɔz], were [wз:]
Ловить, хватать, успеть
Подходить по размеру
get [ get ]
Попадать в цель
Стоять на коленях
sank [sæŋk], sunk [sʌŋk]
Произносить по буквам