Добавить материал и получить бесплатное свидетельство о публикации в СМИ
Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Справочник по грамматике английского языка
ВНИМАНИЮ ВСЕХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ: согласно Федеральному закону № 313-ФЗ все педагоги должны пройти обучение навыкам оказания первой помощи.

Дистанционный курс "Оказание первой помощи детям и взрослым" от проекта "Инфоурок" даёт Вам возможность привести свои знания в соответствие с требованиями закона и получить удостоверение о повышении квалификации установленного образца (180 часов). Начало обучения новой группы: 24 мая.

Подать заявку на курс
  • Иностранные языки

Справочник по грамматике английского языка

библиотека
материалов

Федеральное агентство по образованию

Государственное образовательное учреждение

Среднего профессионального образования

«Железногорский горно-металлургический колледж»




УТВЕРЖДЕНО


Протоколом заседания

научно-методического совета

от _____________№_________






Справочник по грамматике английского языка

(для студентов 1 курса)



Методическая разработка

По дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

























2003




РАССМОТРЕНО


Протокол заседания

Предметной комиссии

Иностранных языков

от ____________№__________


Председатель комиссии

_________________Л. М. Семибратняя

_________________2003г.








Автор ______________Л.Н. Стряпухина

Преподаватель иностранного

языка


Рецензент ______________О.Е. Колупаева

Преподаватель иностранного языка






















Пояснительная записка


Данное пособие предназначено для студентов 1 курса , однако может использоваться преподавателями и студентами других курсов при повторении грамматического материала. В пособии представлен материал по следующим грамматическим категориям: «Имя существительное», «Числительное», «Имя прилагательное» и т. д. Пособие может использоваться как на очном так и на заочном отделении для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы. В пособие включен грамматический материал, который студентам необходимо изучить для выполнения контрольных работ по английскому языку. Студентам предлагается выполнить большое количество лексико-грамматических упражнений по таким грамматическим темам как времена глаголов, число и падеж имени существительного, степени сравнения прилагательных, причастия, модальные глаголы, местоимения. В пособие также входит текстовой материал, который может быть использован для развития умений и навыков чтения и понимания текстов на английском языке.

Пособие предназначено как для аудиторной, так и для внеаудиторной работы.






















SECTION I

Grammar

Имя существительное

Единственное число

Множественное число

word

words

trip

trips

box

boxes

class

classes

branch

branches

city

cities

day

days

leaf

leaves

roof

roofs

hero

heroes

schoolboy

schoolboys

passer-by

passers-by

Исключения:

manmen

mouse – mice

woman – women

louse – lice

tooth – teeth

goose – geese

foot – feet

ox – oxen

child – children

sheepsheep


Существительные, которые имеют только форму множественного числа


scissors

spectacles

tongs

fetters

breeches

trousers


Существительные, которые могут рассматриваться как существительные в единственном числе

billiards

barracks

works

(a chemical works,

a barracks)

Существительные, которые являются существительными в единственном числе

phonetics

physics

politics

optics

Существительное news — существительное единственного числа

This news is very important for our company.

Существительные, у которых множественное число не отличается от единственного

deer

sheep

swine

fish

trout

Некоторые слова, заимствованные из латинского и греческого языков сохраняют свое написание множественного числа

phenomenon - phenomena

datum - data

crisis - crises

stimulus - stimuli

formula - formulae

index - indices

Примечание: некоторые из этих существительных образуют множественные числа по общему правилу:

formulas, indexes, memorandums.

Упр. 1. Поставьте следующие существительные во множественном числе:

А

family, woman, duck, lake, photo, quiz, tomato, play, sheep, uncle, pony, leaf, belief, face, postman, toy, tooth, kerchief, mouse, child, umbrella, curriculum, magazine, knife, life, path, class, roof, glass, cup, city, phenomenon.

В

mother-in-law, butterfly, reading room, standard lamp, inkpot, tape recorder, son-in-law, exercise book, suitcase, blackbird, passer-by, ex-president.

Упр.2. Поставьте следующие слова в единственном числе:

rooms, moments, pipes, plays, years, storms, kitchens, stockings, pockets, clocks, answers, replies, feelings, rains, nights, husbands, stars, children, actions, men, geese, sheep, ships, drops, beliefs, days, trains, roads, oceans, seas, continents, islands, voices, teeth, phenomena, curricula.

Упр.З. Выберите слова во множественном числе:

means

horse

watch

hair

table

advice

weather

contents

fish

bread

clock

sports

fruit

pyjamas

work

progress

furniture

money

spectacles

goods

teeth

police

child

glasses

clothes

workers

information

ship

sheep

phonetics

scissors

trousers

news

television

data

mice

economics

papers

men

paper

food

trouble

sum

phenomena

feet

traffic

oxen


Притяжательный падеж

Mr Black’s ticket a visitor’s passport students’ books

Упр.4. Перевести на русский язык:

1. My sister’s house. 2. My brother’s paper. 3. My friend’s room. 4. My friend’s ticket. 5. Our students' books. 6. Mike's joke.

Упр. 5. Перевести на английский язык:

1 Комната моего друга солнечная 2. Книги моего отца находятся в книжном шкафу. 3. Ей понравилась шутка моего друга 4. Квартира моих родителей очень большая. 5. Вчерашнее собрание было интересным. 6. Она показала мне квартиру своего друга

Упр.6. Замените данные словосочетания существительными в притяжательном падеже:

1. the title of the book 2. the economy of the country 3. the decision of the government 4. the work of the boy 5. the holiday of three weeks 6. the wedding of Tom and Jane 7. the toys of the children 8. the bedroom of my sisters 9. the house of my brother-in-law 10. the hobby of my wife 11. the car of the Millers 12. the photo of her boyfriend 13. the newspaper of last Saturday 14. the umbrella of Professor Jones.

Упр.7. Закончите предложения, поставив существительные в притяжательный падеж (mother, father, aunt, wife, daughter, son):

1. My aunt is my ... sister. 2. My cousin Jane is my ... daughter. 3. My mother has a sister, her son is my ... nephew. 4. My ... father is my father-in-law. 5. My father has a brother, his daughter is my ... niece. 6. My ... parents are my grandparents. 7. My ... children are my grandchildren.

Упр. 8. Переведите предложения, используя существительные в притяжательном падеже:

1. Где сегодняшняя газета? 2. В Минске есть несколько детских театров. 3. Это дом Картеров? 4 Мы пошли в соседский сад за яблоками. 5. Давайте сделаем пятиминутный перерыв 6. Спальня мальчиков наверху. 7. Он друг моего брата. 8. Это детская игра. 9. Семья миссис Росс живет на юге Англии.

Артикли

He is a student.

They are students.

The students are in the classroom.

They are English businessmen.


Артикли не употребляются

1. если перед существительным есть притяжательное местоимение

It is my room.

2. перед большинством названий стран

She lives in Poland.

(Исключение the USSR, the USA).

3. перед названиями городов

Не lives in Minsk.

4. перед именами людей

My name is Ben. My name is Peter Green.

5. перед существительным, после которых идет номер или индекс

Lesson Four, Unit One

6. в некоторых сочетаниях

to go on business, to be on business

Неопределенный артикль - определенный артикль

Неопределенный артикль употребляется с существительными в единственном числе:

It is an office.

It is a large office.

Определенный артикль употребляется с существительными в единственном и множественном числе:

Не is at the office now.

They are at the offices now.



Две формы неопределенного артикля

а

an

a visitor

a teacher

an office

an Englishman

Упр.1. Употребите артикль там, где необходимо:

1. ... London is ... capital of... Great Britain, ... fall name of which is ... United Kingdom of... Great Britain and ... Northern Ireland. 2. ... Volga is ... great river. 3. They used to spend their summer holidays on ... Black Sea coast in ... Crimea. 4. Many European adventurers crossed ... Atlantic Ocean in ... search of... riches on ... American continent prior to ... Columbus. 5. ... London was founded in ... 1st century ВС by ... Julius Caesar. 6. ... Johnsons are our next-door neighbours. 7. ... Canada is situated in ... northern part of... North America. 8. We left for ... East on the following morning. 9. We came to ... Ohio River after that. 10. They passed many coal mines on ... way. 11. We crossed ... historic Delaware River at ... Trenton. 12. He arrived in ... New York on ... very rainy day. 13. The Mannings went through ... Blue Ridge Mountains on their trip. 14. She spent several hours at ... Bronx Zoo on ... Monday. 15. They took ... wonderful boat ride around ... Manhattan on ... last day of their visit. 16.... Dr.Rebecca Richards is our dentist. 17. ... Lions donated ... money for ... new park. 18. You could buy ... Picasso for 300 in those days. 19. I’m reading ... Agatha Christie at ... moment. 20. ... Sir Michael has made it very clear. 21.... Ryan gave ... Sunday Tribune to his father.

Упр.2. Употребите артикль там, где необходимо:

А

1. ... room 25 is on ... 3d floor. 2. ... lecture begins at... 9 o’clock in ... morning. 3.... 5 o’clock tea is ... tradition in England. 4. Open ... textbook on ... page 20 and look at... picture at... top of... page. 5.... February is ... shortest month of... year. 6. He read ... story from ... beginning to ... end. 7. ... new year begins on ... 1st of ... January. 8. She is in ... 10th year at ... school and her brother is ... 3d year student at... university. 9. ... number 10, Downing Street is ... residence of... British Prime Minister.

В

1. ... fish is more useful than ... meat. 2. Don’t drink ... milk, it is very cold. 3.... water in ... river is quite warm this summer. 4. Can you bake ... bread? 5.... bread isn’t enough for ... three of us. 6. I take ... coffee with ... sugar. 7. ... English like to drink ... tea with ... milk. 8. ... man can’t live without ... air. 9. There was ... smell of... spring in ... air. 10. You married her not for... love but for ... money.

Упр.З. Употребите определенный и неопределенный артикль:

А

1. ... primitive man was ... slave to ... nature. 2. I want you to tell ... truth. 3. Can I see ... picture, ... one he gave you ... minute ago. 4. It cost her ... hundred and ... fifty pounds. 5.... lecture lasts ... hour and ... half. 6. We called them once, then ... second and ... third time and thought we had dialed ... wrong number. 7. There are ... few points I’d like to clear up. 8. ... number of... 1st year students has significantly increased this year. 9. He decided to spend ... few pounds he had on ... books. 10. There’s ... little juice in the bottle, you can drink it. 11. “Well, is ... wrong side ... left side or is ... wrong side ... right side? Because I got out on ... right side, so how can it be wrong?” asked Michael. 12.... hour passed, ... second hour passed.

В

1. What ... fine day! 2. What is ... date today? 3. What ... day is it today? 4. What ... beautiful weather we are having today! 5. What ... warm welcome they showed. 6. Look, what... lovely present I’ve received. 7. What’s ... news?

Упр.4. Употребите соответствующие артикли:

1.... article is at... bottom of... front page. 2. There must be ... way out of... difficulty. 3. ... mother didn’t expect her daughter to leave ... country. 4. ... party was ... great success. There were quite ... few celebrities who made ... hit with ... guests. 5.... few were ... days on which he did not go out in ... search of... adventure. 6. ... car started with ... jerk and disappeared around ... corner before we managed to see ... number, 7. ... parents worked from ... morning till ... night, but ... family could hardly make both ... ends meet. 8. ... flight was delayed because ... number of passengers had not come on ... board when ... boarding was announced. 9. Has ... number of... telephone changed? I can’t put... call through. 10. ... water in ... Baltic Sea is cold most of... time. 11. There is ... tourist camp on ... other bank of... river. 12. She learned to play ... piano at... age of four. 13. ... longer they argued ... less chance there was to come to ... agreement. 14. It was ... most pleasant and peaceful scene.

Упр. 5. Употребите определенные и неопределенные артикли там, где это необходимо:

... room was on ... 4th floor. It was ... room 405.... porter gave Sue ... key and said ... lift didn’t work because it was after... midnight. ... heavy suitcase was killing her when she was climbing ... last flight of stairs. Sue stepped into ... dark corridor, ... room was at... end of... corridor and when she opened ... door and found herself in ... small hall she felt... happiest woman in ... world. She put on ... light. It was ... very small room with ... tiny table by ... window, ... chair, ... mirror on ... wall. There was ... bed against... wall and ... picture over it. Sue sat on ... bed and started thinking about... plans for ... next day. Suddenly she heard... knock at... door.

Упр.6. Употребите соответствующие артикли:

Do you know that

1.... London stands on ... Thames;

2.... population of... Britain is ... 57 million;

3.... Romans came to ... Britain in ... first century ВС;

4. ... Labour Party is in ... power in ... UK now;

5.... Queen Elizabeth ... Second became ... British monarch on ... 6 February, 1952;

6.... Queen Mother is one of... most popular members of... Royal family;

7.... English is not... only language spoken in ... Great Britain;

8. ... national flag of... UK is ... Union Jack;

9. ... Caledonia, ... Cambria and ... Hibernia were ... Roman names for ... Scotland, Wales and Ireland respectively;

10.... English eat ...dinner at... 6 or 7 o’clock in ... evening.

Упр. 7. Употребите необходимые артикли:

А

Nobody in ... village would go near ... crossroads after ... midnight. Everybody said ... place was haunted. ... people said there was ... white figure of ... horrible one-eyed woman with ... big black cat. One night Tom and Nick were in ... village pub having ... drink. They were talking about... ghost at... crossroads. Tom said he didn’t believe in ... ghosts and could go to ... crossroads after ... midnight by himself.

So ... two men agreed to meet at... midnight at... crossroads. Tom wanted to play ... trick on Nick. He came to ... place earlier. He covered his face with ... flour, sat down on ... big stone and waited.

It was ... very dark night. As ... village clock struck twelve, Tom saw Nick coming down ... road . When Nick came near ... stone and saw ... white figure of Tom, he ran off down ... road screaming, “I’ve seen ... ghost!”

... next day Tom went down to ... Nick’s house. Nick was in ... kitchen. He had locked all... doors and ... windows. He had ... shotgun on ... table. He had not slept ... whole night.

When Tom asked him what... matter was. Nick said he had seen ... ghost. Tom laughed and said that ... figure on ... stone was he. Now Nick decided to play ... trick on Tom. He said that he had recognized Tom but there was ... one-eyed woman with... big black cat right behind ... stone. Tom went white. was … extremely clever mining engineer He was … small man, neither fat nor thin, with … black hair, scanty on the crown, turning grey, and … small, untidy moustache; his face partly from … sun and partly from … liquor, was very red. He was but … figurehead, for … hotel, though so grandly named but … frame building of two storeys, was managed by his wife, … tall, gaunt Australian of five-and-forty, with … imposing presence and … determined air, … little man, excitable and often tipsy, was terrified of her and … stranger soon heard of … domestic quarrels in which she used her fist and her foot in order to keep him in … subjection.

Числительные

thirteen-13

twenty-20

fourteen-14

twenty-one-21

fifteen- 15

sixteen –16

twenty-nine – 29

seventeen –17

thirty-30

eighteen –18

forty-40

nineteen - 19

fifty-50


100 - one hundred

1000 - one thousand

200 - two hundred

2000 - two thousand

125 - one hundred and twenty-five

1225 - one thousand two hundred and twenty-five

1000000 – one million

2000000 - two million

Упр.1. Образуйте порядковые числительные:

one

eighteen

one hundred

two

twenty-four

nine hundred and nine

three

fifty-five

two thousand

six

seventy-one

twenty-three

Упр. 2. Прочтите следующее:

a) numbers: 6; 73; 38; 17; 13; 12; 0; 101; 152; 1,045; 6,671; 9,854; 87,432; 80,400; 329,645; 110,536; 13,614,200;

b) dates: June 1, 1905; May 9, 1945; July 2, 1800; February 4, 1995; October 3, 1101; September 30, 1445; March 30, 2000; 300 AD; 45 ВС;

c) time: 3:10; 4:15; 5:45; 12:00; 1:30; 7:40; 2:05; 8:15; 4:00;

d) titles: Henry VII, Elizabeth П, James I, Charles V, Louis ХII, Edward VII, Peter I, Catherine II;

e) telephone numbers: 213-66-01, 421-57-83, 221-00-74, 971-24-50, 426-11-44, 157-18-20, 322-35-04;

f) phrases: exercise 5, page 312, bus 102, room 203, text 6, tram 17, lecture room 9, chapter 12, line 13, box 481.

Упр.З. Переведите на английский язык:

а) 1. В этой школе 700 учеников. 2. В спортивных соревнованиях приняли участие сотни учащихся. 3. Тысячи людей пришли на митинг. 4. На этом предприятии работает 2000 рабочих. 5. Эту программу смотрели миллионы телезрителей. 6. Население этого города - более десяти миллионов человек. 7. Георг V был двоюродным братом Николая II. 8. Ты можешь позвонить мне по телефону 246-00-17 с десяти до пяти. 9. Платье стоит 245 рублей. 10. Дом был построен в XIX веке.

б) 1. Новый закон вступил в силу с 1 января 1998 года. 2. Вы можете мне писать по адресу Мичиган, 49911, Северная улица, 115. 3. Берта родилась 26 сентября 1975 года в Ноттингеме. 4. Группа выезжает в Египет 24 июня 1998 года, а вернется 15 июля 1998 года. 5. Позвони мне до без четверти три. 6. Когда будильник позвонил в 5 30, я с трудом открыла глаза. 7. Вручите эти цветы леди Уильямс 7 мая ровно в час дня. 8. Премьер-министр Британии живет по адресу: Даунинг-Стрит, дом 10. 9. Лекция по истории состоится в 11-й аудитории. 10. Этот пример можешь найти на 17-й странице. 11. Многие до сих пор пишут Шерлоку Холмсу по адресу: Лондон, Бейкер-Стрит, 221B. 12. 1-й и 12-й троллейбусы ходят в центр. 13. Дом стоил 10 миллионов рублей. 14. Она получает каждый день сотни писем. 15. Разменяйте мне, пожалуйста, сто долларов десятками.

Местоимения

Неопределенные местоимения

much, many, few, little, a few, a little”

many - много

a lot of - много

few - мало

a few – несколько

употребляются с исчисляемыми существительными

much - много

a lot of – много

little - мало

a little - немного

употребляются с неисчисляемыми существительными


Исчисляемые существительные

Неисчисляемые существительные

table

bill

restaurant

letter

money

food

coffee

luggage

Упр.1. Употребите «much», «many», «few», «little» со следующими словами:

...pens

... flowers

... sugar

... tables

... sand

... toys

... attention

... time

... trains

... water

... news

... mice

... students

... money

... places

... snow

... children

... girls

... men

... work

... bread

mistakes

... bread

... food

... furniture

...people

...clothes

Упр.2. Употребите “much”, “many”, “few”, “little”, “a few”, “a little”, “a lot of:

1. I have ... questions to ask. 2. Is there ...furniture in your cottage? 3. Is there ... fruit in the vase? 4. Is there ... coffee in the pot? 5. Has he ... or ... free time? 6. There were so ... people in the room that we couldn’t move. 7. She is a quiet person. She doesn’t say .... 8. I put ... salt in my soup, perhaps, too .... 9. I don’t think Pat would be a good teacher. She’s got ... patience with children. 10. There were ... new books in the library. 11. James has got... work today. 12. Don’t put... milk into his, coffee. 13. Is there ... space in your room? - No, not very ... . 14. This town isn’t very well-known and there isn’t ... to see, so ... tourists come here. 15. It cost me ... money to furnish the room. 16. Is there ... or ... to learn by heart? 17. She has ... beautiful dresses. 18. I know ... English traditions. 19. Do you know ... or ... about the Celts? 20. She is so lonely. She has ... friends. 21. She drinks ... coffee and ... tea. 22. We learn ... new English words every day. 23. They learnt... information about this country. 24. There were ... pictures on the wall.

Упр.З. Употребите “how much” или “how many”:

1. ... milk is there in the bottle? 2. ... plates are there in the cupboard? 3. ... tea is there in the pot? 4. ... sugar is there in the sugarbasin? 5. ... forks are there on the table? 6. ... mistakes are there in your dictation? 7. ... friends have you got? 8. ... time is left? 9. ... effort do you need to do it? 10. ... places of interest have you visited? 11. ... money do you need? 12. ... fishes did he catch? 13. ... times did I tell you this? 14. ... have you read? 15. ... papers do you read every day? 16. ... ices are you going to eat? 17. ... feet is your room? 18. ... sheep has this farmer got?

Упр.4. Переведите на английский язык, используя “much”, “many”, “little”, “a little”, “few”, “a few”, “a lot of:

1. Мы потратили много денег. 2. Многие люди любят ездить за город. 3. Она знает всего несколько слов по-английски. 4. В ее квартире слишком много мебели. 5. В театре было мало народу. 6. Не многие знают китайский. 7. Подожди немного. 8. У нас не много времени. 9 Мы встречались несколько лет назад. 10. Зачем берешь столько одежды на несколько дней? 11. Этой осенью в нашем саду много фруктов. 12. Я звонила ей много раз, но безуспешно. 13. Как мало он знал о своей подруге. 14. У нее масса всяких идей. 15. Она мало говорит, но много делает. 16. - Хотите кофе, - Да, немного. 17. Сколько у них детей? 18. - Сколько это стоит? - Не очень много.

НЕОПРЕДЕЛЕННЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ

Число

Неопределенные местоимения

Примеры на употребление неопределенных местоимений

ед. мн.

some несколько

I have some bread.

I have some apples.

ед. мн.

any несколько

Have you any bread?

Have you any apples?

ед. мн.

no никакой

not any никакие

I have no bread.

I have no apples.

I have not any bread.

ед. мн.

none никакой

никакие

I have not any apples.

Упр. 5. Выберите правильное местоимение:

1. Do you have (some, any) work to do? 2. Give me the newspaper, please. I’ve got (some, any) time to read it now. 3. My son has (some, any) French books at home. 4. I haven’t got (some, any) questions. 5. Please, bring me (some, any) chalk. 6. (Some, any) children don’t like to play football 7. Have you got (some, any) friends here? 8. Have you (some, any) money about you? 9. I don’t think we’ve got (some, any) time to discuss it. 10. Please, take (some, any) magazine you like. 11. Do you learn (some, any) foreign languages? 12.1 didn’t get (some, any) letters yesterday. 13. There isn’t (some, any) paper on the desk. 14. She was ready to get (some, any) job.

Упр.6. Употребите «some», «any», «every», «no» или их производные:

1. It is so dark here. I can’t see … . 2. ... must do their own work. 3. You can ask him ... question, he will answer it. 4. Do we have ... milk? - No, we don’t have ... , go and buy ... , please. 5. I see him in the library ... day. 6. We have lunch at ... time between 1 and 2. 7. Has ... happened? 8. I am going to tell you ... interesting. 9. We had ... to eat the whole day and got hungry. 10. The party was dull, there were ... interesting people. 11. ... must be on time for classes. 12. I’m afraid ... can understand what he’s speaking about. 13. Can you give me ... money? 14. If... happens let me know. 15. There is ... light, there is hardly ... in the house. 16. They want to spend their summer holidays ... in the South. 17. She felt unhappy, she had ... to speak to, ... to do. 18. I need... to help me with the translation. 19. Are you going ... for the weekend? 20. You will have to do it ... . 21. She refused to say .... 22. If... rings me up, please, tell me.

Упр.7. Переведите на английский язык, используя «some», «any», «every», «no» или их производные:

1. Я куда-то положил свой учебник и нигде не могу его найти. 2. Купи, пожалуйста, яблоки, если увидишь. 3. Он весь вечер ни с кем не разговаривал. 4. Поезда ходят каждые полчаса. 5. На этот вопрос может ответить любой ребенок. 6. Если вам что-нибудь нужно, скажите. 7. Все дома, не так ли? 8. Есть новости? 9. Я хочу тебе кое-что рассказать. 10. Ни один студент не знал этот факт. 11. Иногда я еду на работу на такси. 12. Она знает все обо всех и может дать вам любую информацию. 13. Никто ничего не сказал ему об этом. 14. Любой автобус довезет вас в центр. 15. Могу я сделать что-либо для вас? 16. - Хотите мороженого? - Нет, спасибо. 17. Кто-нибудь из вас умеет говорить по-французски? 18. Я потратила часть денег на книги.

Личные местоимения

Единственное число

Множественное число

I - я

we – мы

you - ты

you – вы

he - он

they - они

she - она


it - он, она, оно


Притяжательные местоимения

Личные местоимения

Соответствующие притяжательные местоимения

I

my

you

your

he

his

she

her

it

its

we

our

they

their

Объектный падеж личных местоимений

Личные местоимения

Притяжательные местоимения

Объектный падеж личных местоимений

I

my

mine

me

you

your

yours

you

he

his

his

him

she

her

hers

her

it

its

its

it

we

our

ours

us

they

their

theirs

them

Упр. 8. Выберите правильную форму местоимений:

А

1. We spent our holiday together with (them, they). 2. My sister and (I, me) are good friends. 3. (She, her) writes to (he, him) cyery day. 4. (We, us) enjoy playing tennis. 5. Will you give (her, she) and (I, me) some help?

В

1. (My, me) aunt Susan is (my, me) mother’s sister. 2. (Our, us) relatives are coming to see (our, us) today. 3. Tell (diem, their) about it. 4. Is this (you, your) dog? There is something wrong with (it, its) ear. 5. Ask (him, his) if it’s (him, his) car. 6. George and Carol are having (them, their) lunch. 7. He gave (me, my) (him, his) photograph in which I couldn’t recognize (him, his). 8. We were surprised to see (them, their) on the platform, they also came to meet (our, us).

Упр.9. Употребите следующие местоимения: «те», «you», «him», «her», «it», «us», «them»:

1. She gave ... the book and asked to return ... to ... next week. 2. Are you going to invite ... to your party? She is such a bore! 3. My parents are coming to see ... on Saturday. I like to spend my weekend with .... 4. I didn’t like the film. I don’t want to speak about.... 5. We’ll be very happy if you go on a trip with .... 6. Don’t ask ... this question. I don’t know how to answer .... 7. If she doesn’t arrive tomorrow send ... a telegram. 8. I’m sorry to trouble ... , but I want ... to do ... a favour. 9. Let’s not wait for ... , they are always late. 10. Do you want... to do it for ...? I dont mind.…

Упр. 10. Употребите личное или притяжательное местоимение в правильной форме:

1. The girls are here,... came early. 2. When Roger saw Ann ... spoke to .... 3. The boss left an hour ago. I didn’t see ... . 4. Sam met Ann at the entrance, ... showed ... the pictures. 5. The Browns have moved into a new into a new flat. ... gave ... ... new address, so I can visit... . 6. Jane is ... sister. ... is older than ... am. 7. Thank ... for the book ... gave ..., ... is very interesting. 8. ... flat is on the third floor, ... windows face the sea. 9. I invite ... to a party at ... place ... hope ... will bring ... husband with .... 10. ... like to visit ... friends who live not far from ... house. 11. Mary and ... cousin are spending ... holidays in Brighton ... have both visited before. 12. Bill takes ... guitar lesson on Monday. ... is the only day ... is free after college. 13. I am happy that... cat found ... kitten.

Упр. 11. Измените предложения по модели:

Model: This is her book. - This book is hers.

1. This is my house. 2. These are my dogs. 3. This is his car. 4. These are his sons. 5. This is your room. 6. These are your rooms 7. This is our office. 8. These are our cups. 9. This is their garden. 10. These are their flowerbeds.

Указательные местоимения

mis – these

that - those

This book - these books

эта книга - эти книги

That book - those books

та книга - те книги.

Упр. 12. Напишите во множественном числе:

This office, this man, this company, this job, that country, that woman, that text, that building.

Глагол

Повелительное наклонение

Утвердительная форма

Отрицательная форма

Speak English, please.

Don’t speak Russian, please.

Упр.1. Выразите просьбу, используя следующую модель

А

Model: Ask (tell) John to shut the door. - John, shut the door, please.

1. Ask Bob to give you a call after five. 2. Ask Mary to buy a birthday present. 3. Tell Nelly to take the book to the library. 4. Tell Olga to lay the table for three. 5. Tell the secretary to type these papers today. 6. Ask Peter to buy some bread on his way home.

В

Model: Ask (tell) John not to shut the door. - John, don’t shut the door, please.

1. Ask Nick not to speak so loudly. 2. Ask your mother not to get up early tomorrow. 3. Tell Ann not to read at lunch. 4. Tell Kate not to send him a telegram. 5. Tell Pete not to come home so late. 6. Ask Janet not to waste money on sweets.

Упр.2. Сделайте следующие предложения повелительными:

1. Give this letter to your boss. 2. Invite your boyfriend to the party. 3. Read the text aloud. 4. Smile when you are talking to me. 5. Take her to your parents’ place. 6. Wait for him for an hour. 7. See this film. 8. Take a taxi. 9. Get up! 10. Forget about it.

Упр.3. Прочитайте и переведите следующие предложения:

How to Be Fit

Don’t stay in bed in the morning too long.

Don’t forget to do morning exercises.

Don’t eat your breakfast.

Don’t be late for classes.

Don’t take lunch to school.

Don’t eat sandwiches in class.

Don’t sit in one place during the breaks.

Don’t drink too much water and other drinks.

Don’t say you are hungry when you are.

Don’t eat chocolates or cakes.

Don’t take a bus when you can walk.

Don’t go to parties where they serve good food.

Don’t smoke or drink alcohol.

Don’t use drugs.

Don’t visit doctors unnecessarily.

Don’t lie on the sofa when you watch TV or listen to music.

Don’t go to bed during the day.

Упр.4. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Перестаньте разговаривать. 2. Снимай пальто и проходи в комнату. 3. Положи сахар и молоко в кофе. 4. Не ешь столько мороженого. 5. Не ходи на улицу без шапки. 6. Останься посмотреть телепрограмму с нами. 7. Попроси Ника принести словарь. 8. Пригласи их в гости. 9. Переходите улицу только на перекрестке. 10. Проводи меня домой. 11. Не ссорься с родителями. 12. Не перебивай меня. 13. Вели ей подать кофе. 14. Попроси ее перевести письмо. 15. Спроси полицейского, где почта. 16. Подумайте, прежде чем отвечать. 17. Не ешьте много на ночь. 18. Не откладывай на завтра то, что можно сделать сегодня.

Времена группы Indefinite

Глагол to be в Present Indefinite

I am a student

Am I a student?

I am not a student

You are a student

- Yes, I am.

You are not a student

He is a student

- No, I am not.

He is not a student

Are you a student?

- Yes, you are.

- No, you are not.

Is he a student?

- Yes, he is.

- No, he is not.

We are students

Are we students?

We are not students

- Yes, we are.

- No, we are not.

You are students

Are you students?

You are not students

- Yes, you are.

- No, you are not.

They are students

Are they students?

They are not students

- Yes, they are.

- No, they are not.

Упр. 5. Составьте предложения:

1. I

are

a teacher

Не

is

a student

She

am

tutor

We

aren’t

professors

You

am not

in the USA

They

is not

Great Britain

2. Are

he

a student?

Am

she

an American colleague?

Is

You

a teacher?


We

in Minsk?


I

in Belarus?

Упр. 6. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1. Он - преподаватель. Его зовут Дэвид 2. Она в Минске. 3. Он сейчас в Америке. Он студент. 4. Вы бизнесмен? - Нет, я преподаватель. 5. Они сейчас не в Америке, они в Беларуси. 6. Английский - трудный. 7. Русский -трудный. Он - не легкий.

The Present Indefinite Tense

I study in Minsk.

Do you study in Minsk?

- Yes, I do.

- No, I do not.

I do not study in Minsk.

You study in Moscow.

Do you study in Minsk?

- Yes, you do.

- No, you do not.

You do not work in Minsk.

He (she) studies in Minsk.

Does he (she) study in Minsk?

- Yes, he (she) does.

- No, he (she) does not.

He (she) does not study in Minsk.

We work in Minsk.

Do we study in Minsk?

- Yes, we do.

- No, we do not.

We do not study in Minsk.

You study in Minsk.

Do you study in Minsk?

- Yes, you do.

- No, you do not.

You do not study in Minsk.

They study in Minsk.

Do you study in Minsk?

- Yes, they do.

- No, they do not.

They do not study in Minsk.

Упр. 7. Составьте предложения:

l. You

live

English

I

studies

mathematics

He

speaks

in Gomel

She

speak

Russian

We

do not study

in Minsk

They

doesn’t study

don’t study

doesn’t work

2. Do

she

work

in the USA?

Does

we

live

in Minsk?

he

speak

English?

they

study

Russian?

you

Упр. 8. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1. Он говорит по-английски? - Нет. 2. Они не говорят по-русски. 3. Вы живете в США? – Да. 4. Он работает в Минске? - Да. 5. Г-н Блэк живет и работает в Минске. Он изучает русский язык.

Глагол to have в Present Indefinite

I have

Do I have

I do not have

You have

Do you have

You do not have

He has

Does he have

He does not have

We have

Do we have

We do not have

You have

Do you have

You do not have

They have

Do they have

They do not have

Упр. 9. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1. У меня нет друзей в Великобритании. 2. У вас есть друзья в Минске? 3. У неё есть экзамен по истории в этом семестре? - Да. 4. У меня нет учёной степени. 5. Он завтра летит в США, у него есть билет. 6. Он едет в Великобританию. У него есть доллары.

The Past Indefinite Tense

I studied in Minsk.

Did you study in Minsk?

- Yes, I did.

- No, I did not.

I did not study in Minsk.

You studied in Moscow.

Did you study in Minsk?

- Yes, you did.

- No, you did not.

You did not work in Minsk.

He (she) studied in Minsk.

Did he (she) study in Minsk?

- Yes, he (she) did.

- No, he (she) did not.

He (she) did not study in Minsk.

We worked in Minsk.

Did we study in Minsk?

- Yes, we did.

- No, we did not.

We did not study in Minsk.

You studied in Minsk.

Did you study in Minsk?

- Yes, you did.

- No, you did not.

You did not study in Minsk.

They studied in Minsk.

Did you study in Minsk?

- Yes, they did.

- No, they did not.

They did not study in Minsk.

Глагол to be в Past Indefinite

I was a student

Was I a student?

I was not a student

You were a student

- Yes, I was.

You were not a student.

He was a student

- No, I was not.

He was not a student.

Were you a student?

- Yes, you were.

- No, you were not.

Was he a student?

- Yes, he was.

- No, he was not.

We were students

Were we students?

We were not students

- Yes, we were.

- No, we were not.

You were students

Were you students?

You were not students

- Yes, you were.

- No, you were not.

They were students

Were they students?

They were not students

- Yes, they were.

- No, they were not.

Глагол to have в Past Indefinite

I had

Did I have

I did not have

You had

Did you have

You did not have

He had

Did he have

He did not have

We had

Did we have

We did not have

You had

Did you have

You did not have

They had

Did they have

They did not have

Упр. 10. Прочитайте следующие глаголы в Past Indefinite Tense:

А

looked, worked, helped, talked, liked, hoped, missed, developed, stopped, noticed, discussed, danced, passed, pronounced, practised, addressed, introduced, checked, watched, wished.

В

lived, trained, used, studied, listened, turned, showed, entered, answered, enjoyed, played, opened, loved, believed, borrowed, occupied, described, continued, involved, ironed, copied, married, changed, engaged, organized, specialized, realized.

С

decided, included, attended, depended, sounded, founded, mended, offended, attracted, wanted, consisted, instructed, directed, translated, devoted, expected, conducted, graduated, waited, insisted.

Упр. 11. Дайте три формы следующих глаголов:

read, write, take, give, drive, have, be, go, come, get, put, understand, make, fall, feel, awake, bring, ring, run, sit, set, think, drink, find, throw, hit, hurt, buy, cost, send, say, tell, speak, seek, hear, see, win, hide, catch, hide, let, burst, broadcast.

Упр. 12. Сделайте следующие предложения вопросительными и отрицательными

1. That afternoon Lily came home early from school. 2. In three days Mr.Ruggles received an answer. 3. Mr.Watkins drove a lorry and took goods to Salthaven. 4. She found the key in its usual place. 5. Kate walked slowly home, wondering how to break the bad news. 6. Sunday passed peacefully. 7. Jim began to run. 8. Last August we found a blackbird’s nest. 9 They accused him of spying. 10. On her knee Mrs.Lawrence held a bright red handbag. 11. There was a long silence. 12. The sea was only two miles away.

Упр.13. Употребите глаголы в Past Indefinite Tense:

A

1. He (to lose) his balance and (to fall). 2. Ann’s grandfather (to found) his firm in 1901. 3. Clearing out the room I (to find) these old letters. 4. The lion (to jump) and (to spring) at her. 5. I suddenly (to see) a face m the window. 6. The tram (to start off) with a jerk. 7. The police (to open) fire and (to wound) two criminals. 8. He (to he) there for an hour till someone finally (to hear) his cries for help. 9. We (to meet) last summer. 10. I (to decide) to stay with my uncle until I (to find) a flat. 11. As it (to grow) darker, we (to find) it hard to walk. 12. The critic (to write) a very bad review of my play. 13. We (to go) for a walk every day before lunch. 14. It (to happen) a long tune ago.

В

John Ruggles (to like) anything which (to move) quickly on wheels. He (to know) the make of almost every car on the roads and most of his free time he (to spend) hanging around garages and filling stations. We also (to go) to the large Car Park where drivers sometimes (to give) interesting information on the different cars in the park.

The Car Park (to be) a very interesting place and when the day of adventure (to come), John (to have) no difficulty to decide where to begin. It (to be) early when he (to arrive). There (to be) no tourists about, no cars at all except one in which (to sit) a large dog which (to show) such fine teeth as John (to come) near that he (to retreat) quickly to a seat under the Castle walls. From time to time he (to look) at the sky. He (to hope) it wasn’t going to rain. The clock of the church (to strike) ten and a few cars (to begin) to arrive. Soon a large car (to come in). John (to put) both his hands into his pockets and (to stand) looking at the car at a distance. A tall young man followed by a lady (to get out). John (to hear) the young man calling him. He (to run) up to the man and the man (to give) him a coin and (to ask) him to look after the car.

С

The castle (to stand) high on the rocky hill above the village. It (to cast) a cold shadow over the houses and fields. None of the villagers ever (to go) near the castle. At night they (to stay) close to their fires and (to keep) their doors locked.

The castle (to be) nearly in ruin. It (to e) a rotting jumble of stone and timber. But someone (to live) there. One man. He (to live) there alone.

Who (to be) this man? Nobody really (to know). Some people (to say) he was half man, half wolf. Most people (to think) he (to be) a vampire. Everyone (to fear) him.

Late one night a stranger (to come) to the village inn. He (to say) the vampire in the castle (to be) dead. The villagers (not to believe) him. They (to think) vampires (to live) forever.

That night there (to be) a violent storm. Lightning (to flash) across the howling sky, thunder (to shake) the roofs of the houses. The storm (to stop) quite suddenly. At that moment the lid of the big coffin of the vampire (to begin) to open As the coffin (to open), the storm (to die) to a whisper. The body in the coffin (to take) the violent energy of the night. The vampire (to be) back.

The next day (to be) bright and sunny. Birds (to sing) in the trees. The castle (to look) beautiful m the dawn light. People (to get up) early and (to clear) away the debris from the storm. There (to be) many cracked slates and broken windows. The villagers (to put) back me chimney pots and (to mend) their fences. Life (to go on).

But the next night another terrible thing (to happen), an awful cry (to ring) round the village. Murder!…”

Упр. 14. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Вчера вечером я звонила своим друзьям в Лондон. 2. Он закончил университет три года тому назад. 3. Вчера она заходила к нам на минутку. 4. В понедельник она не приходила в институт. 5. Где ты купил этот словарь? 6. На прошлой неделе я получил от нее три письма. 7. Куда вы ездили в отпуск детом? 8. Мы ведь договаривались с вами о встрече в 10 часов? 9. Кто оставил эту записку? 10. Его рассказ не на всех произвел впечатление. 11. Они впервые встретились во время летнего семестра. 12. Она не объяснила, почему изменила решение переехать в другой штат. 13. Доктор Джоунз получил Нобелевскую премию за заслуги в медицине. 14. Кто обучал вас английскому языку? 15. Когда вы были за рубежом в последний раз? 16. Мы надеялись достать билеты на семичасовой сеанс. 17. Она выглядела моложе своих лет и одевалась со вкусом. 18. Вчера произошло ограбление банка. Преступников было трое. Им удалось скрыться. 19. Землетрясение в Японии в 1995 году принесло массу разрушений. 20. Джон Кеннеди стал президентом США, когда ему было сорок три года.

The Future Indefinite Tense

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

I will learn French

You will learn French

He (she) will learn …

We will learn …

You will learn …

They will learn …

Will I learn … ?

Will you learn … ?

Will he learn …?

Will we learn … ?

Will you learn …?

Will they learn …?

I will not learn …

You will not learn …

He will not learn …

We will not learn …

You will not learn …

They will not learn …

Упр. 15. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Она будет учить французский язык. 2. Они будут обедать в ресторане. 3. Когда он узнает название гостиницы? 4. Он не будет читать эту книгу.

Упр.16. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. Will you take your exams m June? 2. Will you come to our party? 3. Will you join us for lunch? 4. Will you help them with their English? 5. Will they be happy to see us? 6. When will he know the time of our arrival? 7. What will you tell them? 8. Where will she wait for you? 9. Shall we start the discussion? 10. Shall I help you? 11. Shall we open the window? 12. Shall I translate the text? 13. What shall we do tomorrow morning? 14 What shall we have for dinner? 15. Where shall we go this evening? 16. What shall I do? 17. What time shall I wake you up? 18. Where shall we meet?

Упр. 17. Употребите Present или Future Indefinite

1. I (to hope) he (to be) at the office tomorrow. 2. When you (to give) me back my textbook? 3. I (to be) sure you (to like) the music. 4. At tins time tomorrow we (to be) far from here. 5. Don’t wait for me, I probably (to be) late. 6. I (to be) afraid they (to miss) you very much. 7. Where we (to meet)? 8. You (to find) a lot of interesting things m this journal. 9. How long it (to take) us to get to the airport? 10. There (to be) a lot of traffic and cars (to move) very slowly, I (to suppose) we (to take) a taxi.

Упр. 18. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1. I shall recognize you. 2. You will arrive in Moscow at 6 p.m. 3. They will book tickets for us in advance. 4. They wont serve lunch on the plane. 5. You’ll know better next time. 6. There will be some of his pictures at the exhibition. 7. We shan’t see you before Monday. 8. He won’t pass his examination. 9. The plane will land on time. 10. There won’t be any people whom I don’t know.

The Present Continuous Tense

(Настоящее продолженное время)

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

I am reading

Am I reading”?

I am not reading

- Yes, I am.

- No, I am not.

You are reading

Are you reading?

You are not reading

- Yes, you are.

- No, you are not.

He (she) is reading

Is he reading?

He is not reading

- Yes, he is.

- No, he is not.

We (you, they) are reading

Are we reading?

We are not reading

- Yes, we are.

- No, we are not.

The Past Continuous Tense

(Прошедшее продолженное время)

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

I was reading

Was I reading?

I was not reading

- Yes, I was.

- No, I was not.


You were reading

Were you reading?

You were not reading

- Yes, you were.

-No, you were not.

He (she) was reading

Was he reading?

He was not reading

- Yes, he was.

- No, he was not.

We (you, they) were reading

Were we reading?

We were not reading

- Yes, we were.

- No, we were not.

The Future Continuous Tense

(Будущее продолженное время)

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

I shall be reading

Shall I reading?

- Yes, I shall.

- No, I shall not.

I shall not reading

You will be reading

Will you reading?

- Yes, you will.

- No, you will not.

You will not reading

He (she) will be reading

Will he reading?

- Yes, he will.

- No, he will not.

He was not reading

We shall be reading

Shall we be reading?

- Yes, we shall.

- No, we shall not.

We shall not be reading

You will be reading

Will you be reading?

- Yes, you will.

- No, you will not.

You will not be reading

They will be reading

Will they be reading?

They will not be reading

Упр. 19. Употребите правильную форму глагола «to be»:

1. I. … taking five courses this semester. 2. Bill ... trying to improve his English. 3. Sue … writing another book this year. 4. John and Mary … talking on the phone. 5. I need an umbrella because it ... raining. 6. We … walking down the street when it began to rain. 7. It was beautiful yesterday when we went out for a walk, it … not raining, the sun … shining. 8. I couldn’t get you on the phone last night, who … you talking to so long? 9. What … you doing at 6 tomorrow? 10. We … playing chess in half an hour. 11. She … listening to her favourite music at 8 o’clock tomorrow. 12. What … you … doing when I come?

Упр .20. Дайте краткие ответы:

1. Is the secretary typing our papers? 2. Are you helping your mother to cook the dinner? 3. Am I reading your thoughts? 4. Is he waiting for his girlfriend? 5. Were you wearing this dress at yesterday’s party? 6 Was father reading newspapers at dinner again? 7. Was I talking in sleep? 8. Were they quarrelling when you came in? 9. Was the bus going the wrong way? 10. Shall I be carrying my heavy bags myself? 11. Will they be discussing this question at the meeting? 12. Will you be seeing her tomorrow?

Упр. 21. Поставьте вопросы к подчеркнутым словам:

А

1. Father is watching TV. 2. My brother is sitting at the table. 3. He is reading a newspaper. 4. I am talking to my friend on the phone. 5. I am telling my friend about our new car. 6. Nick and Kate are playing in the children’s room. 7. It was raining hard last night. A strong wind was blowing. 8. At 7 o’clock the doctor was driving to his patient. 9. They were leaving the house when we arrived. 10. Nelly will be doing her homework tomorrow morning. 11. I’ll be waiting for you at 10 in the morning. 12. We are going to the Crimea in summer. 13. They are having their daughter’s birthday party on Saturday. 14. We are going to sing cheerfully. 15. The weather is going to change for the worse.

В

1. I am looking at the clock. 2. He is looking for her gloves. 3. She is looking after her grandmother. 4. We are talking about the new play. 5. We are talking to our neighbours. 6. I was waiting for the results. 7 He was asking for some money. 8. She was dreaming of becoming an actress. 9. They were listening to a funny story.

Упр. 22. Ответьте на вопросы используя данные слова:

1. What is Helen doing m the kitchen? (to cook) 2. What are you doing in the shop? (to buy) 3. What is she doing with the dress? (to try on) 4. What is Ann doing at the railway station? (to meet) 5. Why were the children making such a terrible noise? (to fight) 6. Why isn’t she sleeping? (to wait for) 7. Why are you speaking in a whisper? (to sleep) 8. Why is Peter playing the piano so late? (to rehearse) 9. What was Bill doing here? (to look for) 10. What were you speaking about when I came? (to discuss).

Упр. 23. Поставьте разделительные вопросы:

1. We are having a break now. 2. She is thinking about tomorrow’s conference. 3. The doctor and the nurse are taking care of the sick man. 4. Sally is taking a shower now. 5. The clock was striking 10 when I came 6. We were writing a test from 2 till 4. 7. Ann was looking for her cat in the garden. 8. I was not walking with my dog at that time. 9. We were not driving too fast. 10. They are leaving for the airport m five minutes. 11. She wasn’t feeling very well last night. 12. Everybody was waiting for their arrival. 13. She is always complaining of her husband. 14. I am trying to explain it to you. 15. I’ll be seeing you tomorrow morning. 16. He won’t be staying here long.

Упр.24. Дайте полные ответы на следующие вопросы:

1. Where were you hurrying when I met you? 2. Who was Ann talking to on the phone? 3. Where are we flying now? 4. What were the children doing when the lights went out? 5. What are you looking for m father’s room? 6. What were the boys doing when the fire began? 7. What shall we be doing when it gets dark? 8. What were they laughing at when Brenda came in? 9. Why are you making so much noise? 10 Why are they quarrelling all the time? 11. What were you writing when I entered the classroom? 12. What was Mary doing when Bill rang her up? 13. What were you reading while I was writing a letter? 14. What was father doing while mother was washing up? 15. What were you reading while we were having breakfast? 16. What are you doing now? 17. What were they questioning you about? 18. Why will you be working tonight? 19. What was the orchestra playing when the concert began? 20. What are you going to do when the guests come?

Упр. 25. Употребите Present Continuous или Present Indefinite:

1. We (to go) to the seaside every summer. 2. Listen! Somebody (to knock) on the door. 3. How often you (to wash) your dog? 4. She can’t come to the phone. She (to wash) her hair. 5. Where (to be) Kate? She usually (to sit) in the front row. I (not to know) why she (to sit) here now. 6. Please be quiet! The baby (to sleep). 7. What you (to laugh) at? 8. I hardly ever (to work) on Mondays now. 9. The countryside (to be) wonderful especially when it (to snow). 10. Why you (to smoke) here? - And where people usually (to smoke) in this building?

Упр.26. Закончите предложения используя Past Continuous:

1. When John came home … . 2. When the telephone rang … . 3. When I entered … . 4. When we arrived in St.Petersburg … . 5. When the police came … . 6. When we saw her … . 7. When they got married … . 8. While she was cooking … . 9. While I was finishing my homework … . 10. While the robber was putting the money into the bag … .

Упр. 27. Употребите Past Indefinite или Past Continuous:

1. When the taxi (to arrive) I still (to pack) my things. 2. What you (to do) in the evening yesterday? - I (to watch) TV and my wife (to wash up). 3. I (to do) all the exercises while you (to smoke). 4. Mr.Brown, where you (to be) when they (to drive) your car at midnight? 5. When the clock (to strike) nine she (to run) up the stairs to her office because the lift (not to work). 6. He (to stand) and (to watch) while the boys (to fight). 7. She (to wear) a marvellous new dress at the party and (to look) fantastic! 8. He (to wait) for her for an hour but she never (to come). 9. When the telephone (to ring) I (to bake) a cake and (to ask) Mary who (to do) nothing at the moment to answer the call. 10. Why you (not to attend) the lecture on Saturday? Professor В. (to speak) about UFO and other mysterious objects.

Упр. 28. Поставьте глаголы в Future Continuous:

1. At this time tomorrow we (to have) an English class. 2. Don’t worry! I (to write) letters to you regularly. 3 When you come they (to train) in the gym. 4. Don’t wait for me. I (to work) for some time. 5. As far as I know you (to join) us in Kiev. 6. While you are away we (to look after) your children. 7. Don’t leave. We (to have) tea in a few minutes. 8. Let’s hurry! The film (to start) in a few minutes.

Упр. 29. Поставьте глаголы в соответствующем времени:

1. How time (to fly)! At this time yesterday we (to swim) in the Black Sea. 2. While I (to work) in the garden I (to hurt) my back. 3. Last time I (to see) Jim he (to sit) in the park alone. 4. Nancy (to have) a bath when the phone (to ring). 5. What you usually (to do) after dinner? 6. We (to stay) at home the whole evening. 7. Where you (to hurry)? - I (to be) afraid I (to be) late. The show (to begin) in five minutes. 8. Where you (to buy) this hat? 9. Tom (to see) an accident when he (to wait) for the bus. 10. You (to understand) what I (to say)? 11. What you (to do) here? - I (to look) for a Job. 12. What we (to do) if nobody (to meet) us at the station? 13. “What you (to do) the whole summer?” asked the aunt. 14. Tom (to be) ill. He (to run) a high temperature and (to have) an awful headache. When he (to come) home last night he (to shiver) with cold and (to cough). We (to call) for the doctor. He (to stay) in bed for a day or two I (to think). 15. Susan (to be) in love with Peter. They (to get married) in May. When they (to be) married they (to have) a honeymoon trip to Hawaii. She (to say) she (to be) the happiest woman in the world. 16. The weather (not to seem) very good today. We (to hope) it (to change) for the better soon Anyway if it (to stop) raining we (to be able) to go on a trip. 17. Yesterday I (to take) my children to the Zoo. They (to have) a good time. While they (to run) about and (to watch) different animals which they (to see) for the first tune in their lives I (to take) pictures of them. I can imagine what fun they (to have) when they (to see) these pictures later. 18. Hello! (To be) Jane in? - Jane (to speak). Who (to call)? - I (to be) Josef. We (to have) a date last night. Why you (not to come)? – I (to copy) some papers for my boss. He (to ask) me and I couldn’t refuse - I (to see). 19. I know they (to leave) for Italy on Monday. - I (not to know) when they (to come back), but they (to send) us a telegram as soon as they (to get) the tickets.

Конструкция there is, there are

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

There is a chair in the room

Is there a chair in the room?

- Yes, there is.

- No, there isn’t.

There is no chair in the room.

There isn’t any chair in the room.

There are two chairs in the room.

Are there any chairs in the room?

- Yes, there are.

- No, there are not.

There are no chairs in the room.

There aren’t any chairs in the room.

Упр. 30. Переведите данные предложения на русский язык:

1. There are four tables in the office. 2. There are no book on the shelf. 3. Are there any matches m the box? 4. Is the any coffee in the coffee-pot? 5. Is there any signature in the cheque? 6. Are there any files in the brief case?

Общие и специальные вопросы

Общие вопросы

Ответы

Do

you

like Minsk?

- Yes, I do.

- No, I do not.

Are

you

going tо England?

- Yes, we are.

- No, we are not.

Are

you

a student?

- Yes, I am.

- No, I am not.

Does

he

he

live in Gomel?

- Yes, he does.

- No, he doesn’t

Where

does

you

live?

- He lives in Gomel.

What

do

you

like in Minsk?

- I like the park.

When

are

you?

going to Minsk?

- I am going to Minsk tomorrow.

What

are



- I am a teacher.

Упр. 31. Составьте предложения:

When

does

you

work?

Where

do

the plane

leave?

What

are

the forks

going to Minsk?

is

flying to London?

live?

Упр. 32. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1. Где они обедают? - В кафе. 2. Где мои книги? - В портфеле. 3. Когда вылетает самолет?

Вопрос к подлежащему

Who is preparing dinner?

My mother is.

Who is going to the bar?

My friends are.

Who wants a lemonade?

Kate does.

Упр. 33. Составьте вопросы и дайте ответы:

Who

is having dinner?

is going to the restaurants?

Who

wants a lemonade?

is ordering the drinks?

has drinks in the bar?

Альтернативные вопросы

Вопросы

Ответы

Is he British or American?

Is he a businessman or a teacher?

Are you learning English or French?

Would you like coffee or tea?

Have you got a son or a daughter?

He is English.

He is a teacher.

I am learning English.

I’d like some coffee.

I’ve got a daughter.

Упр. 34. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1. Он уезжает в Лондон или Вашингтон? - В Лондон. 2. Он русский или белорус? - Белорус. 3. Самолет вылетает в 5 или в 6? - В 5. 4. Вы хотите один счет или два? - Один.

Разделительные вопросы

1. Не is a businessman, isn’t he? He isn’t a businessman, is he?

2. They are businessmen, aren’t they? They aren’t businessmen, are they?

3. You speak English, don’t you? You don’t speak English, do you?

4. He speaks English, doesn’t he? He doesn’t speak English, does he?

5. They spoke about it, didn’t they? They didn’t speak about it, did they?

6. I have done this work, haven’t I? I haven’t done this work, have I?

Упр.35. Образуйте разделительные вопросы:

1. You know the address of the firm, ... .

2. You have 2 sisters, ... .

3. You are not interested in this book, … .

4. You have to get up early every day, ... .

Причастие

Причастие I

1. The man standing at the comer is my brother. (определение)

2. Going home I met an old friend of mine. (обстоятельство)

3. Playing boy.

1. Человек, стоящий на углу, мой брат.

2. Идя домой, я встретил старого друга.

3. Играющий мальчик.

Причастие II

1. The book translated into English is very long.

2. A broken cup was lying on the table.

1. Книга, переведенная на английский язык, очень длинная.

2. Разбитая чашка лежала на столе.

Упр. 36. Переведите предложения содержащие Причастие I:

a) 1. The man writing something at the table in the corner of the room is an old friend of mine. 2. He writes a story describing Ins life in Minsk. 3. A person bringing good news is always welcome. 4. The leaves lying on the ground reminded us of autumn. 5. She is looking at the woman sitting at the window. 6. I gave the letter to the woman standing at the window. 7. I picked up the letter lying on the floor. 8. The worker building this house work well. 9. The man inviting us to dinner is the chairman.

b) 1. He came, carrying a rifle. 2. Knowing the English language well, he can translate newspaper articles without a dictionary. 3. Preparing for the examinations, I studied several books. 4. Opening the door, I saw several students who were reading newspapers. 5. He sat at the table thinking. 6. Standing on the bank of the river, he watched the boats. 7. Signing the letter he sent it. 8. Packing her things quickly, she went to the airport.

Упр. 37. Переведите предложения содержащие Причастие II:

1. The text translated by us yesterday is very difficult. 2. He studies the plan prepared by these engineers. 3. He described the fact established by Professor N. 4. I remember all the words copied from the text. 5. I studied several book written by her. 6. She showed the travellers into the room reserved for them. 7. She mended the torn sleeve of her dress. 8. The answer received from the sellers greatly surprised him. 9. All book taken from the library must be returned next week. 10. The questions discussed at the meeting last month have not been solved. 11. They sent us a list of goods imported by that firm. 12. Houses built by our workers are good. 13. All the persons invited to the meeting came in time.

Определительные придаточные предложения

The man who is sitting at the window is our manager.

Человек, который сидит у окна, наш директор.

I looked through the magazine that I took from the library.

Я просмотрел журнал, который взял из библиотеки

Дополнительные придаточные предложения

Не told us that he felt ill.

Он сказал нам, что чувствует себя больным.

I know (that) she has returned.

Я знаю, что она вернулась

Упр. 38. Переведите предложения с придаточными определительными:

1. The letter which I sent you was very long. 2. The letter I sent you was very long. 3. The work mat I am doing now is very difficult. 4. The man you saw yesterday is my friend’s son. 5. The girl I knew as a child is our best student. 6. Let me see the magazine the teacher gave you.

Упр. 39. Переведите предложения с придаточными дополнительными:

1. I see that you are busy. 2. I know you are right. 3. He says they will go to the top of the hill next week. 4. I do not think your work was so difficult. 5. The children know that the sun rises in the east. 6. I do not think they are busy today.

Придаточные предложения времени

The director will ring you up when he comes.

Директор позвонит вам, когда он приедет.

Придаточные предложения условия

If I see her tomorrow. I shall ask her about it.

Если я увижу ее завтра, я спрошу ее об этом.

Упр.40. Переведите предложения с придаточными условия:

  1. I’ll show you my translation as soon as it is ready. 2. Don’t make the experiment until we get more information. 3. If they spend all the money, what are you going to do? 4. We shall begin writing before the clock strikes seven. 5. We shall work till the clock strikes six. 6. They will not say anything unless we ask them.




























СПИСОК РЕКОМЕНДУЕМОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ


G. F. Stanlake and S. J. Grant. Introductory Economics. 6th edition. Longman. England, 1995. —547 p.

Бизнес: Оксфордский толковый словарь: Англо-русский. Свыше 4000 понятий / Под ред. И. М. Осадчей..— М.: Издательство «Про­гресс-Академия»; Издательство РГГУ, 1995. — 752 с.

Е. S. С. Weinek. Andrew Delahunty. The Oxford Guide to English Us­age. The essential guide to correct English. BCA London, New York, SYDNEY. — 306 p.

Русско-английский финансово-экономический словарь / Сост. Б. Б. Мокшанцев; Под ред. А. В. Дударова. — М.: Банки и биржи: ЮНИТИ, 1994.—270с.

Русско-английский толковый словарь международных, финансо­вых, валютных, биржевых терминов и понятий / Сост. В. А. Грейниман, А. П. Кузнецов. —М.: Общество «Партнер». — 136 с.

The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago, London, Sydney, 1994.

Содержание


Пояснительная записка 3

Имя существительное 4

Артикли 8

Имя прилагательное 15

Числительные 18

Местоимения 22

Видо-временные формы глагола 27

Пассивный залог……………………………………………………………………..34

Согласование времён……………………………………………………………………..39

Косвенная речь………………………………………………………………………44

Неличные формы глагола……………………………………………………………………..49


Список рекомендуемой литературы…………………………………..50





Краткое описание документа:

Данное пособие предназначено для студентов 1 курса , однако может использоваться преподавателями и студентами других курсов при повторении грамматического материала. В пособии представлен материал по следующим грамматическим категориям: «Имя существительное», «Числительное», «Имя прилагательное» и т. д. Пособие может использоваться как на очном так и на  заочном отделении для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы. В пособие включен грамматический материал, который студентам необходимо изучить для выполнения контрольных работ по английскому языку. Студентам предлагается выполнить большое количество лексико-грамматических упражнений по таким грамматическим темам как времена глаголов, число и падеж имени существительного, степени сравнения прилагательных, причастия, модальные глаголы, местоимения. В пособие также входит текстовой материал, который может быть использован для развития умений и навыков чтения и понимания текстов на английском языке.

 

Пособие предназначено как для аудиторной, так и для внеаудиторной работы.

Автор
Дата добавления 29.11.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
Просмотров801
Номер материала 161524
Получить свидетельство о публикации

Выберите специальность, которую Вы хотите получить:

Обучение проходит дистанционно на сайте проекта "Инфоурок".
По итогам обучения слушателям выдаются печатные дипломы установленного образца.

ПЕРЕЙТИ В КАТАЛОГ КУРСОВ

Похожие материалы

Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.
Специальное предложение
Вверх