REPUBLIC OF KHAKASIA .
Everyone is moved by the boundless steppes,
bealing lakes , clear rivers, the stern taiga.
It is impossible to forget this beauty once you see it
No need to roam the world in search of such places.
You can find all of it in oneland of plenty-
Khakasia is situated in the centre of the Asian continent. It is unique place in the south of the Krasnoyarsk territory. The climate, nature, plenty of sunshine- there are more than 300 sunny days in our Republic during a year, that is why Khakasia is called ‘ the sunny Khakasia’. Also named Siberian Switzerland. And it is called the archaeological Mecca of Siberia. The total area 62 th.squ.km.Population 546,1 th. people. Modern
Khakasia is a united family of many nationalities, including Khakasians, Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Germans, ets. Khakasia is rich in mineral resources; marble, granite, gold, molybdenum, iron, coal, copper and tungsten- which makes it a treasure of Mendeleev’s periodic system. Capital - Abakan. Republic of Khakasia was founded in 1991. The symbol- is snow leopard. The flower symbol- is one of the beautiful flower-Zharki. The Khakasian steppes and mountains all bear these historical symbols of our present - day life. There are some 30,000 archaeological monuments. The Great Salbyk burial- mound is well-known, also the famous historical museum-Kazanovka The Great Saibyk excavated by Prof. S.V.Kiselyov in 1954-1956. Now this is an open-air museum since the walls of the fence made up of rough blocks of stone have preserved their original form. The Leningrad Hermitage holds the Znamensky gold treasure-1st century B.C.-to include exquisite gold adornments made by ancient jewelers and other gold articlesThe capital of our republic Abakan got its name from the name of the river. It is the political, administrative, cultural and transport centre of the republic. It was founded in April 1931. New amenities are provided there every year.The inhabitants of Abakan love their town . May Day Square and the Victory Park are the centre of the town. The monument’Soldier’s Glory’ was erected in the Victory Park in 1975. An obelisk to the Communards was set up in 1927 to commemorate those who gave their lives for the cause of workers and peasants. The Abakan Museum of Regional -was founded in 1929-Studies is famous for its fine archaeological collections. Visiting the halls of the museum we can see all kinds of pictures, photos, things, weapons, documents telling us about different periods of the Khakas history. The exhibitions of the museum help us to study the past and the present day life of our Republic. Rich collections of our museum tell us about the history of Khakasia. Many streets of our town are named after the herous of the Great Patriotic War, for example K.Perekreshchenko, M. Tsukanova ets. The Khakas National Theatre was founded in 1931. Now the Abakan Drama Theatre is named after M. Lermontov. The theatre is located in a fine modern building in Pervomaiskaya Square. There two companies in the theatre- a Russian companies and a Khakas company. Also our republic is famous its the puppet theatre’ Skazka’, studia for children’ Tchas Khanat’, One Man Show’Chitigen/, the symphony orchestra formed in the year 2000, the folk group ;Ulger; revived old national musical instruments. Throat singing ‘ Khai’ is a visiting card of this group. At the map of Khakasia you can see 5 towns; ABAZA- it was founded in 1966, SAYANOGORSK -- it was founded in 1975, ABAKAN- it was founded in 1931, CHERNOGORSK—it was founded in 1936, SORSK—it was founded
RIVERS< LAKES. ANIMALS
In Khakasia there are about 500 lakes- 390 lakes with fresh water, 110 lakes with salt water. One of the best known lakes are ; Lake Shira, other famous lake is Lake Belye. There are about 324 rivers. The largest rivers are the Yenissei, the Abakan, the Chulym, and the Tom. The total lehgth of rivers is about eight thousand km. The main riveris the Abakan, which is 514 km. long. It begins in the Kuznetskii Alatau mountains. Water reservoirs are rich in fish. There are 324 rivers . More than 40 of the region is covered with forests, with their complexes of flora and fauna. The fauna is various; there are about 1526 species of flora - 17 kinds of them have been entered into the Red Book. In flora of Khakasia- 23 kinds, rare and disappearing-58 kinds, in flora of khakasia- 187 kinds. 295 kinds of birds- 35 species of them are entered into the Red Book. 68 kinds of mammals, 5 kinds of reptiles, 4 kinds of amphibious. The highest mountain in our region is Mount Karagosh- is about 3000 metres high—about two third of the territory is occupied by mountains.
In our Republic there are 276 secondary schools. The first school was built in 1864 and located in the village of Ust-Abakanskoye. H
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Главной целью учителя- это сохранить интерес учащихся к иностранному языку на всем протяжении обучения. Большую роль в поддержании мотивов к изучению иностранного языка играет введение на уроках элементов страноведения. Тексты страноведческого характера занимают большое место в процессе обучения иностранным языкам. Благодаря таким текстам учащиеся знакомятся с реалиями страны изучаемого языка, получают дополнительные знания в области географии, образования, культуры и т.д. Содержание страноведческих тестов должно быть значимым для учеников, иметь определенную новизну, будь то общие сведения о государственном устройстве или об особенностях речевого поведения и этикета. Уроки страноведения должны вызывать у учащихся потребность в дальнейшем самостоятельном ознакомлении со страноведческими материалами. Страноведение должно служить опорой для поддержания мотивации, поскольку идет обучению языку, дает сведения о стране.