TABLE OF TENSES ( INDICATIVE MOOD)P
SIMPLE (to write, to be written)
(to be +V-ing, to being written)
Perfect( by the moment!)
(to have+written, to have been written)
I write a letter … every day
Do I write a letter? usually
She writes …. Sometimes
Does she write…..? regularly
We don’t write letters… often/seldom
-to express a future event that is seen as unalterable
because it is based on a timetable or calendar.
My flight leaves at 10.00. Term starts on 12 April.
I am writing a letter… at this moment
Are you writing a letter…? now
He isn’t writing ….
- to define a changing/developing situation.
The climate is getting warmer.
-To define intention or a future action to expect
They’re coming next Tuesday.
I have written a letter… ever/never
Has he written a letter (yet)? Just,already
We haven’t written…. not…, yet,
today,this week, recently, lately, since, for
-To define finished actions that have result now, or they are news.
I can’t walk-I’ve hurt my leg.
Have you heard? He’s arrived!
He played tennis yesterday
Did he play tennis? last year
I wrote a letter… in 1995
Did they write … ? ago
She didn’t write … suddenly
once – to define actions which follow each other in the story(увидел,рассказал)
-to express past stay or habit
-to answer the question “ When”?
I was writing…. at 5 o’clock
Were you writing… at that moment
They weren’t writing… from –to/till
for 2 hours, still/ while/as
-express an activity that was in progress at every moment during a period of time
I was working all day yesterday.
What were you do ing at 1.00 last night?
I had written a letter… by 5 o’clock
Had I written…. ? before…,after…
She hadn’t written…. Past perfect,past simple
Sequence of tenses
-to describe something that happened before another action in the Past.
He arrived late; he hadn’t realized the roads would be so icy.
We shall write… tomorrow
Will he write…? Next week
I won’t write….. in 2030
in 5 weeks
We shall be writing…. at that moment
Shall we be writing….? from…to(till)…
I shan’t be writing… while,for an hour
Don’t phone at 8.00. We’ll be having supper.
I shall have written… Fut.Per. Pres. S.
Shall I have written..?
I shan’t have written… by 4 o’clock
-to define that something will have been completed by a certain time in the future.
The builder says he’ll have finished the roof by Saturday.
Perfect Continuous ( to have been writing,to have been being written)
Present Perfect Continuous: to answer the question “How long?” for 3 hours, since..