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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Таблица времен изъявительного наклонения.

Таблица времен изъявительного наклонения.

  • Иностранные языки

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TABLE OF TENSES ( INDICATIVE MOOD)

P
R

E
S
E
N
T

SIMPLE (to write, to be written)


Continuous (moment)

(to be +V-ing, to being written)

Perfect( by the moment!)

(to have+written, to have been written)

I write a letter … every day

Do I write a letter? usually

She writes …. Sometimes

Does she write…..? regularly

We don’t write letters… often/seldom

never

-to express a future event that is seen as unalterable

because it is based on a timetable or calendar.

My flight leaves at 10.00. Term starts on 12 April.

I am writing a letter… at this moment

Are you writing a letter…? now

He isn’t writing ….


- to define a changing/developing situation.

The climate is getting warmer.

-To define intention or a future action to expect

They’re coming next Tuesday.

I have written a letter… ever/never

Has he written a letter (yet)? Just,already

We haven’t written…. not…, yet,

today,this week, recently, lately, since, for

-To define finished actions that have result now, or they are news.

I can’t walk-I’ve hurt my leg.

Have you heard? He’s arrived!

P
A
S
T

He played tennis yesterday

Did he play tennis? last year

I wrote a letter… in 1995

Did they write … ? ago

She didn’t write … suddenly

once – to define actions which follow each other in the story(увидел,рассказал)

-to express past stay or habit

-to answer the question “ When”?

I was writing…. at 5 o’clock

Were you writing… at that moment

They weren’t writing… from –to/till

for 2 hours, still/ while/as

-express an activity that was in progress at every moment during a period of time

I was working all day yesterday.

What were you do ing at 1.00 last night?

I had written a letter… by 5 o’clock

Had I written…. ? before…,after…

She hadn’t written…. Past perfect,past simple

Sequence of tenses

-to describe something that happened before another action in the Past.

He arrived late; he hadn’t realized the roads would be so icy.

F
U
T
U
R
E

We shall write… tomorrow

Will he write…? Next week

I won’t write….. in 2030

in 5 weeks

soon

We shall be writing…. at that moment

Shall we be writing….? from…to(till)…

I shan’t be writing… while,for an hour

Don’t phone at 8.00. We’ll be having supper.

I shall have written… Fut.Per. Pres. S.

Shall I have written..?

I shan’t have written… by 4 o’clock

-to define that something will have been completed by a certain time in the future.

The builder says he’ll have finished the roof by Saturday.

Perfect Continuous ( to have been writing,to have been being written)

Present Perfect Continuous: to answer the question “How long?” for 3 hours, since..



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Дата добавления 04.07.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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