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The Government Of USA

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Күні: 15.01 Сынып:11

Тақырыбы:. Step Five. The Government of the United States. АҚШ-билік жүйесі.

Мақсаты: Оқушылардың АҚШ туралы білімдерін толықтыру

Сөйлеу дағдыларын дамыту

Жаңа сөздерді үйрету

Сабақ барысы

Ұйымдастыру кезеңі:

1 Амандасу

2 Үй жұмысын тексеру

3 Жаңа тақырыппен таныстыру

Warm-UP:

Ex 1 a) Talk to your partner /class/ in groups of 4.

a) Who is the head of the Government in the USA?

b) Do you know anything about the American system of Government?

c) Do you understand the phrase “the President proposes, but Congress disposes”?

d) Which meanings of the words “propose”, “dispose” are used in question “c”?

1 b) Read the text again and mind the meanings of the following words.

dispose ► plan/intend

propose ► present for consideration

Presentation:

READING AND UNDERSTANDING

Ex 2. Read the text and mark the information which is new to you.

THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT

The government system in the United States - federal, state, country, and local.

There are, however, several basic principles, which are found at all levels of American government. One of these is the “one person, one vote” principle which says that legislators are elected from geographical districts directly by the voters. Under this principle, all election districts must have about the same number of residents.

The House of Representatives controls spending and finance, so the Presi¬dent must have its agreement for his proposals and programmes. He cannot declare war, either, without the approval of Congress. In foreign affairs, he is also strongly limited. Any treaty must first be approved by the Senate. If there is no approval, there’s no treaty. The rule is “the President proposes, but Congress disposes. “What President wants to do, therefore, is often a different thing from what President is able to do”.

The President

Term of office — Elected by the people to a four-year term; limited to two elected terms. Salary — $200,000 plus $ 50,000 allowance for expenses, and up to S 100,000 tax-free for travel and official entertainment.

Inauguration — January 20, following the November general election.

Qualifications — Native-born American citizen at least 35 years old and at least 14 years a resident of the United States.

Chief power and duty — to protect the Constitution and enforce the laws made by Congress.

VOCABULARY AND PRONUNCIATION

Ex 3. Read the words and practice the pronunciation. Then read the text again and find them in the text (exercise 2).


заң шығарушы — legislator ['ledjisleita] n

теңдестіру — balance ['baetans] v

компромиске бару — compromise ['kompramaiz] v

хабарлау, соғыс ашу — declare (war) [di'klea] v

Президенттің кызметке кірісуі — Inauguration Day [inogju'reijbn] n

жаңа президенттің қызметке кірісу күні, үлықтау күні

үсыну — propose [ргә'рәиг] v

еркі болу, билігі болу — dispose [dis'pauz] v

Practice:

ex 4. Look in the context for clues to the meaning of the unknown words and find them in the text:

Examples:

The government system in the United States — federal, state, country and local.

Local probably means serving a limited area or local government probably means — жергілікті үкімет

Federal government probably means — федералдық үкімет

county government probably means — округтік үкімет

Ex 5 a) Read the text again and find the English equivalents for the following words and phrases in the text.

соғыс ашу жалақыға косымша

келісім қатаң шектеулі болу

сыртқы саясат түрғын (резидент)

конгрестің қабылдауы шығын

b) Compare your list of English words with your partners.

Production:

Ex 6. Read the text again (exercise 2). Are the sentences true or false?

Comprehension check: True False

a) The governmental system in the United

States is federal, county and local.

b) Legislators are elected from geographical

districts directly by the voters.

c) One of those several basic principles of the American government is

One person, one vote”.

d) The House of Representatives doesn’t

control spending and finance.

e) The President can declare war without

the approval of the Congress.

f) The President is strongly limited

in foreign affairs.

g) Any treaty must first be approved

by the Senate.

h) The rule is “the President proposes, but

Congress disposes”.



Қорытынды:

Бағалау:

Үйге тапсырма:

Goodbye! I wish you luck!


Тексерілді






Күні: 19.01 Сынып:11

Тақырыбы: The Government of the United States. АҚШ-билік жүйесі.

Мақсаты: Оқушылардың сайлау туралы білімдерін толықтыру

Сөйлеу дағдыларын дамыту

Жаңа сөздерді үйрету

Сабақ барысы

Ұйымдастыру кезеңі:

1 Амандасу

2 Үй жұмысын тексеру

3 Жаңа тақырыппен таныстыру

Warm-UP:Ex 7. Read the text and and the verbs in the text that belongs to the same word family as the nouns.

a) election e) approval

b) government f) entertainment

c) agreement g) allowance

d) proposal

Presentation

READING FOR INFORMATION

Ex 8. Read the texts and mark the new information.

The United States Government

The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American Government and the Supreme Law of the land. For 200 years, it has guided the evolution of govern-mental institutions and has provided a basis for political stability, individual freedom, economic growth and social progress. The American Constitution is the world’s oldest written constitution in force, one that has served as the model for a number of other constitutions around the world. The Constitution owes its staying power to its simplicity and flexibility.

The Legislative Branch

The legislative branch is the only branch that can make federal laws, impose federal taxes, declare war or put foreign treaties into effect. It consists of a Congress that is divided into two groups called “Houses”.

The House of Representatives is made up of lawmakers who serve two- year terms.

The Senate is made up of lawmakers who serve six-year terms.

A law begins as a proposal called a “Bill”. It is read, studied in

committees, commented on and amended in the Senate or House Cham¬ber in which it was introduced. It is then voted upon. If it passes, it is sent to the other House where a similar procedure occurs. When both Houses of Congress pass a bill on which they agree, it is sent to the President for his signature. When it is signed, the Bill becomes a law.

The executive branch: The President The Executive Office of the President The Vice President

The chief executive of the United States is the President, who, together with the Vice President, is elected to a four-year term. A President can be elected to only two terms. The powers of the President are enormous, but not without limitations. The President can propose laws to Congress or veto any bill passed by Congress. This veto can be rejected by a two-thirds in both the Senate and House of Representatives.The President can appoint federal justices but these have to be approved by the Senate. Within the executive branch, the President has broad powers to issue regulations and directives. The President is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

The President appoints the heads and senior officials of the executive branch agencies.

The President is responsible for foreign relations with other nations.

The judicial branch The Supreme Court

The judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court. It consists of a Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. The Court’s most important function is to say if legislative or executive branches act according to the Constitution.

The main political parties

Today, the United States has two major political parties. One is the Demo-cratic Party, which its origin from Thomas Jefferson’s party, formed before 1800. The other is the Republican Party, which was formed in the 1850s, mostly by people in the states of the North and West who were against the expansion of slavery.

Practice: SPEAKING

Ex 9. Talk to your partner /class/ your group.

Discuss the questions of exercise 1 as a class.

Ex 10. Talk to your partner /class.

What do you think?

Have you understood how the three branches of the United States Government control each other?

Production:

REVISION OF CONDITIONALS

Ex 11. Complete the sentences with the correct verbs. Some of them are contrary to facts and some of them are not. (See the Grammar Reference, Unit 4)

a) Sea water is salty. If the oceans (have)__fresh water, there (be)___plenty of water to origate rice and wheat fields.

b) We know that oil floods on water. If you (pour) __oil on wate rit (float) ___

c) If we (pollute)__the Caspian Sea, fish (die)__

d) My friend’s hobby is collecting badges from all over the world. If he (visit)__ a new country, he (find)__new badges.

e) If there (be)__ no oxygen on earth, life (exist, not)_____

ex 12. Complete the sentences with the correct verbs. All of the sentences are contrary to facts.

a) A lot of farmers use the water of the Syrdarya for irrigation.

If the farmers (use)___ the water of the Syrdarya for ir-rigation the Aral Sea (dry)__

b) I made a lot of spelling mistakes in my last progress test. If I (revise)____spelling, I (get)____ a better grade mark.

c) I have read a lot about the British Government system. Now I know alot about it. If I (read not)____about the British GovernmentI _____ (know) a lot about it.

d) I have learnt a lot of words from Unit 4. I used a dictionary to check the meanings of those.

If I (know)____ the meanings of those new words. I (used)____a dictionary to check their meanings.

e) I promised my friend to find an article about the Government of Kazakhstan but I failed to find one. If I (promise, not)___my friend, I(be upset)____

f) United Nation’s Development Programme UNDP( decided to help theAral Sea region. If the Aral Sea area (be healthy)___, they (decide not)___ to help them.

g) Hundreds of people became ill from drinking polluted water in the Aral Sea region. If they (drink)____ the polluted drinking water thesepeople (suffer, not)___ from it.

Қорытынды:

Бағалау:

Үйге тапсырма: 13. Project work.

Collect information about the system of Government of Kazakhstan.

Goodbye! I wish you luck!


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