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The Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan is located in the south east central region of the former Soviet Union. Kazakhstan is bordered to the south from left to right by the Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan (all formally part of the Soviet Union) and China. All information is provided by Compton's 3D World Atlas (1998), unless noted otherwise.
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Area: 1,031,000 sq.miles (2,670,000 sq.km) Population: 17,110,000 Exchange Rate: ruble 41.19 = US$ 1 Capital: Alma-Ata Languages: Kazakh, Russian Religion: 47% Sunni Muslim 44% Russian Orthodox 2% Protestant 7% Other Life Expectancy: 69.6 years Population Density: 6 people/sq.km Birth Rate: 19.8/1000 people Infant Mortality: 30/1000 live births Number of Pigs: 2,445,000 Number of Goats: 684,000 Kazakhstan Statistics
The Kazakhstan flag is sky blue with gold embroidering down the left side. There is also a gold sun and eagle in the center. The Kazakhstan Flag
Kazak is the Turkish word for "peace." The Kazakh people are descended from a mix of Mongol and Turkic tribes, and now comprise less than 40 percent of the population. The Kazakhs declared independence from Russia in 1991. President Nursulta Nazarbayev is extremely popular, but increasingly authoritarian: he dissolved Parliament, then won a popular mandate to rule until the end of the year 2000. Tensions between the Kazakh south and the Russian north have been cited as one reason for the president's decision to relocate the capital from southern Alma-Ata (Almaty) to northern, more ethnically mixed Akmola (formerly Tselinograd) in 1997. Historical Introduction SPECIAL FACT In 1933 the Kazakhs slaughtered 24 million sheep and goats, 5 million cattle, and 3 million horses rather than have them put into collective farms as dictated by the Soviet leader Stalin.