Theme: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Type of the lesson: new theme
1. EDUCATIONAL: taking full information about the UK. Its geographical position, capital and sightseeing.
2. Development: to develop pupils’ geographical outlook, their abilities of speaking, reading and writing, thinking; to increase their word-stock and teach them to know more about the UK.
3. BRINGING UP: to teach pupils to love their Motherland and respect the culture and traditions of other countries.
Methods of teaching: demonstration, explanation, interaction, question.
Connection of the subjects: Geography, Kazakh language, History.
Visual aids: interactive board, the map of the UK, book, slide – show, cassette – recorder, picture of flag, card
The procedure of the lesson:
I. Organization moment:
- Good morning, pupils!
- How are you?
- Who is on duty today?
- What date is it today?
- What day of the week today?
- Who is absent?
- Thank you. Sit down, please!
II. Phonetic drill:
- Now, pupils let’s begin our lesson with a phonetic drill. Listen to a poem attentively, then you must repeat reading and translate it:
“The beauty of the world”
I used to see stars at night.
I used to see hear the birds.
I used to see feel the warmth of the sun.
I used to see smell the springtime flowers.
And sing so happily.
I used to see sing a song about
The beauty of the world.
III. The introduction of the new theme.
- So, boys and girls! Open your copy book write down today’s day and date. The theme of our lesson: ”The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”.
- Now, pupils look at the blackboard. This is the flag the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ”.
- First of all, we are going to watch the video about the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. After watching the video, then look at the interactive board:
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of 2 large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about 5000 small islands.
- Let’s start read the text and translate it:
The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.The mountains in Great Britain are not very high; the highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The main rivers are the Thames and the Severn. Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. There are many big industrial cities in Britain: Sheffield, Liverpool, Cardiff, Manchester, Birmingham.
The capital of the UK is London. It is one of the biggest ports of the world. It is also an important political, cultural and educational centre. The educational centers in Great Britain are: Oxford and Cambridge with the famous oldest Universities. The total population of Great Britain is about 60 million people. The official language is – English, but there are many other languages spoken in Britain.
The flag of the UK is known as “The Union Jack”. It is made of three crosses the cross of St. George, the cross of St. Andrew, the cross of St. Patrick. Each country of the UK has its symbols: the symbol of England is the thistle, the symbol of England is the red rose, the symbol of Ireland is the shamrock, the symbol of Wales is the daffodil.
British people have different traditions. The don’t work on Saturdays and Sundays. On the New Year the First Foot must be a man. The Queen has two birthdays. The British like to queue, never shake hands, they are great tea drinkers and like cereal for breakfast.
The Queen is the symbol of Great Britain, officially the Prime Minister rules the country.
The main holidays are : Halloween, Easter, Christmas, St. Patrick Day.
IV. Work with copybook:
- Now, boys and girls! Open your copybook write down, please! The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In low, the head of state is the Queen in practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head.
The UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Area: 244110 sq km
Population: 57 million
THE BRITISH FLAG:
…known as the Union Jack, is a combination of three flags: the Saint Andrew`s cross, the Saint Patrick`s cross and the Saint George´s cross.
THE NATHIONAL ANTHEM:
…is the oldest in the world, established in 1745 and based on a song of the 17 th century.
Area: 131000 sq km
Population: 48 million people
THE ENGLISH FLAG:
The Saint George´s cross is the English flag.
Saint George`s Day is celebrated on 23 April.
THE EMBLEM OF ENGLAND:
The red rose became the emblem of England after the War of the Roses (1455-1485) which was the war of the dynasties for the English throne.
Area: 20761 sq km
Population: 29 million people
Language: English, Welsh
THE WELSH FLAG:
…shows a dragon.
Saint David is the patron saint of Wales.
Saint David`s Day is celebrated on 1 March.
THE EMBLEM OF WALES:
The daffodil is Welshmen`s national emblem.
Area: 78800 sq km
Population: 5 million people
THE SCOTTISH FLAG:
The Saint Andrew`s cross is the Scottish flag.
Saint Andrew`s Day is celebrated on 30 November.
THE EMBLEM OF SCOTLAND:
The thistle, the national emblem of Scotland was chosen as such because it saved the country from the enemy.
Area: 14160 sq km
Population: 1,6 million people
Language: Irish, English
THE FLAG OF NORTHERN IRELAND:
Ulster is the name used today for six counties of Northern Ireland.
The flag represents these six counties.
THE EMBLEM OF IRELAND:
The shamrock, the emblem of the Irish is proudly worn on St.Patrick`s Day, March 17.
V. Consolidation of the lesson:
- Now, pupils look at the map of the UK. Who wants to find 4 parts of Great Britain?
V. Work with cards:
- Choose the right answer.
1. What is the official name of Great Britain?
1.England 2.Britain 3.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
What countries does the UK consist of?
1. Ireland , England, Scotland, Wales 2. Northern Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales
3. Britain , England, Wales, Scotland
3. What is the Severn?
1. City 2. Mountain 3. River
4. What separates the UK from Europe?
1. The Pacific Ocean 2. The English Channel 3. The Atlantic Ocean
5. What is the capital of Wales?
1. Cardiff 2. Edinburgh 3. Belfast
6. Whose flag is it?
1. Scotland 2. Wales 3. England
7. Whose symbol is it?
1. Wales 2. Scotland 3. England
8. Where is the flag of the UK?
9. THE UK IS…
1. Constitutional monarchy 2. Parliamentary democracy 3. Absolutely monarchy
Quiz: Match the country and the Saint Patron.
VI. Giving the home task:
- Now, pupils! Your home task read the text and retelling the text. And write the composition. The theme is about: “The United Kingdom”.
VII. Evaluation, saying goodbye:
- Today you worked very well. I’ll give you excellent marks are for … , and good marks are for … ,
- The lesson is over. You may have a rest. Goodbye, boys and girls!