1 slide: Traditional food in Great Britain and in the United States of America.
2 slide. Цель проекта: изучение традиций и обычаев стран изучаемого языка, активизация, систематизация, закрепление лексического материала, расширение кругозора, рассмотреть сходство и различие британской и американской культур.
Для понимания представителя другой страны необходимо знать не только иностранный язык, но и культуру страны изучаемого языка.
3 slide –plan
4 slide: the main mails
5 slide: (breakfast). This typically comprises of the following things: toasted bread, spread with butter, jam, marmalade or honey; followed by a 'fry-up' or cooked breakfast of fried bread, sausages, bacon, mushrooms, eggs and tomatoes. Served with hot tea, with milk added. However, with today’s fast lifestyle and an increasing awareness of healthy eating this traditional breakfast is now largely eaten only at the weekend, and has been replaced by another in most households. A typical modern breakfast comprises: fruit juice, toast and jam, packet cereal (cornflakes or similar), and tea. In the morning Americans have cereal or scrambled eggs, milk or orange juice.
6 slide: (elevenses). In some households and workplaces this is called by something called 'elevenses'. This consists of a cup of tea or coffee and some biscuits. Actually 'elevenses' can be taken at anytime of the day, and with most people this is usually fairly often! During the first decades of the 19th century, elevenses consisted of drinking whiskey.
7 slide: (lunch) For many Englishmen lunch is a fast meal. In big cities there are a lot of sandwich bars where office clerks can choose all sorts of sandwiches with meat, fish, chicken, ham, prawns, eggs, cheese, vegetables and lettuce. English pubs also serve good food for lunch, hot and cold. Quite a lot of workers go to famous “fish and chips shops” and buy their favorite deep fried cod or haddock with French fries. Americans usually have chicken or fish, fried potatoes, vegetable salads, and desert: this is the most common menu for lunch. Many people eat lunch while at work or school. Employers and schools usually provide a lunch break in the middle of the day, lasting as much as an hour. Some factories and schools have canteens where you can eat.
But the packed lunch is the most common thing to eat. A packed lunch normally consists of some sandwiches, a packet of crisps, an apple and a can of something to drink, for example, coca-cola. The contents are kept in a plastic container and you take it with you when you go to school or work.
8 slide: (afternoon tea). A lot of Englishmen drink their 5 o clock tea. Tea is very popular among the English; it may almost be called their national drink. The English like it strong and fresh made. The English put one teaspoon of tea for each person. Tea means two things. It is a drink and a meal.
Traditionally, loose tea would be served in a teapot with milk and sugar. This would be accompanied by various sandwiches, scones and usually cakes and pastries. The food would be often served in a tiered stand. Americans drink a lot of juices and soda, iced tea.
9 slide: Did you know?
If someone asks you if you 'would like a cuppa', they are asking if you would like a cup of tea.
If someone says 'let me be mother' or 'shall I be mother', they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
10 slide: (dinner). British people eat their evening meal at about 7 o’clock, when all members of the family are at home together. Dinner – the evening meal – is the biggest and the main meal of the day. It begins with soup. The most typical thing to eat for dinner is "meat and two vegs". This consists of a piece of meat accompanied by two different boiled vegetables. One of the vegetables is almost always potatoes. For dessert, English wives cook various puddings and serve them with ice-cream or jam.
For dinner Americans usually have meat, fried or baked potatoes with ketchup or sour cream, corn, peas, sometimes macaroni and cheese or spaghetti; ice-cream, fruit or cake may be for dessert. Dinner is probably the most important meal of the day, some people have family dinner, when all members of family have to be there.
Traditional food eaten on different holidays and celebrations is really interesting, various and tasty.
It is celebrated on 25, December. It is one of the main holidays of the year. It’s a happy day when families get together to share their happiness and exchange gifts. Christmas cards are sent to friends and relatives. The traditional Christmas meal is roast turkey, Christmas pudding and Christmas pies. Christmas pudding is a special rich pudding, made with lots of dried fruit (raisins, currants) eggs, suit and very little flour. While making this pudding every member of the family stir the mixture – for luck! They add a few silver coins – for luck and extra splash of brandy – for extra luck!.
Easter is the most important holiday in the Christian calendar. At Easter people eat colored and chocolate eggs, especially children like them, so parents hide eggs in the house or in the garden. Children take baskets and look for them. The game is called “Easter Egg Hunt”. What’s more, mothers prepare traditional Hot Cross Buns. And famous English apple pies! They are prepared with apples, sugar and eaten with custard.
You know, the most popular holiday among youngsters is Halloween. It is celebrated on 31,October. In old times it was a pagan holiday, the last night when witches and ghosts went out. Nowadays celebrations include wearing masks and costumes, going from door to door in the neighborhood, gathering money and sweets, “trick or treat”. This day children make lanterns out of pumpkins, which are called jack-o’-lanterns. And what do you think they traditionally eat? Boxty! It’s a kind of bread made of grated raw potatoes and flour.
Thanksgiving Day is a traditional family holiday, which the celebrated in the United States on the last Thursday in November. So, on that day families always come together, especially for the wonderful meal. A large roasted turkey with stuffing is the most common main dish of a Thanksgiving dinner, that’s why Thanksgiving is sometimes called “Turkey Day”. At Thanksgiving 2012, were purchased more than 46 million turkeys by Americans. Turkey usually served with sweet potatoes or mashed potatoes, vegetables, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin or apple pie. Apple cider is a traditional drink.
St Valentine's Day
St Valentine's Day comes on February 14. It is widely celebrated among people of all ages by exchange of "valentines". A "valentine" may mean a special greeting-card or a little present. It may be for the person who receives the gift. St Valentine is the patron of sweethearts.
1. What food is the most popular in Great Britain and in the United States?
2. How many times a day do British people eat?
3. What are the mealtimes called?
4. What do British people and Americans eat for breakfast?
5. What is the most common lunch in Britain ?
6. What is the most popular drink?
7. Is tea the symbol of Great Britain?
8. What is the traditional Christmas food?
9. What is the difference between the English and American food?
17 slide: Литература Безкоровайная Г.Т., Соколова Н.И., Койранская Е.А., Лаврик Г.В. Planet of English: учебник английского языка для учреждений СПО. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2015 .- 254 с.
: Интернет ресурсы: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food