THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The President is the head of the state and determines the basic objectives of the internal and external policy of the state. He is elected for six years on the basis of universal, equal and direct right to vote by secret ballot for all eligible citizens. One and the same person cannot serve as President for more than two terms in succession.
The President stops performing his duties ahead of time if he resigns, because of impeachment, or if he cannot continue to carry out his duties due to poor health. Elections of a new President are to take place within three months and in the meantime his duties are acted upon by the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.
The President appoints, with the consent of the State Duma the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, chairs the meetings of the government, adopts the decisions on the resignation of the government The President nominates to the State Duma a candidate for appointment to the post of the Chairman of the Central Bank, presents to the Federation Council candidates for the posts of the Constitutional and Supreme Court justices, Supreme Arbitrage Court justices, and a candidate for the post of Prosecutor General. The President forms and heads the Security Council. He is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and appoints and dismisses the Supreme Commanders of the Armed Forces.
He appoints diplomatic representatives for approval by the Parliament He confers supreme military and supreme special titles and honorary titles of the state. He has the right to show mercy and to decide on issues of citizenship. He has the right to introduce the state of emergency throughout the country or in a particular territory within the Russian Federation. The President has the right to dissolve the State Duma, to announce elections ahead of time and to pass the decision to conduct a referendum on federal issues.
objectives – направления
internal – внутренний
external – внешний
eligible – зд.: имеющий право
by secret ballot – тайным голосованием
in succession – зд.: подряд
to determine – определять
to elect – избирать
to vote – голосовать
were founded – были основаны
to resign – уходить в отставку
to take place – зд.: проводиться
ahead of time – досрочно
to appoint – назначать
elections – выборы
to chair – председательствовать
duties – обязанности
consent – согласие
to nominate – зд.: представлять,
to confer – присваивать (звание)
resignation – отставка
to show mercy – помиловать
appointment – назначение
to introduce –вводить(положение)
Supreme Court justices –судьи
to dissolve – распускать
Prosecutor General – Генеральный
to announce – объявлять
to conduct – проводить
Supreme Commander-in-Chief –
Armed Forces – вооруженные силы
representative – представитель
state of emergency – чрезвычайное
particular territory – отдельная
1. Word study. Find verbs in the text that correspond to the nouns:
appointment, confirmation, contradiction, decision, dissolution, election, enforcement, introduction, management, nomination, resignation, resolution, suspension, violation
2. Choose from the given groups of words the appropriate one which fits each gap:
The President uses consensual procedures…
to veto the act
to perform duties
to resolve the problem).
The dispute is transferred to the appropriate court...
for its resolution
State power in Russia is carried out by dividing powers...
into three independent branches
for performing duties
The President stops performing his duties ahead of time if he resigns because of ...
a state of emergency
He also selects and releases diplomatic representatives for approval by...
(a) the State Duma
(b) the Parliament
(c) The Chairman of the Government
3. Read the text in detail to answer the following questions:
What type of state is Russia?
Who has the right to pass laws independently from the federal government?
When does the President use consensual procedures to resolve the problem?
Where is the dispute transferred to in case a consensus is not reached?
In which case does the President have the right to suspend acts passed by local executive authorities?
What are the three independent branches of state power in Russia?
Who determines the basic objectives of internal and external policy?
What are the basic principles of voting when electing the President?
Who heads the Security Council?
3. Match English words and word combinations with their Russian equivalents.
to pass law
to be valid
to reach consensus
вводить чрезвычайное положение
to suspend the activity of an act
соответствующий административный округ
приостановить действие закона
to perform one's duties
освободить от должности
выполнять свои обязанности
to introduce a state of emergency
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