Read the text and do the tasks.
Mount St Helens, the volcano in Clark Country, Washington State, erupted on Monday morning. The disaster has caused at least ten deaths as well as massive destruction in that region of the state.
The mountain was hit by two earthquakes just before half past eight. Then, at eight thirty-two, the top of the mountain was blown off by an explosion that was heard two hundred miles away. Huge blocks of ice and rock fell onto the surrounding area and the mountain was left 1300 feet shorter. Then the tremendous heat inside was released. Hot ash and gas came out of the mountain, causing a lighting storm as it rose into the air. White ash, along with steam and thick mud, continue to pour from the giant crater left by the explosion.
At each stage of this dramatic eruption people have been killed. The explosion caused the first casualities; several people were injured or died due to the force and heat of it. Then the hot ash started fires which have burned vast areas of forest, causing more deaths. Fortunately, fire-fighters have managed to put most of them out. The volcanic cloud was so large and dark that it was said to have turned day into night, forcing airports to close temporarily. One more life was lost as a pilot flew his aeroplane into the cloud and hit electricity cables. Mud from the volcano is running down the mountainside and filling rivers, causing flooding. People living nearby have been forced to leave their homes as the water continues to rise.
Rescue workers have picked up casualities and survivors by helicopter, and are moving them away from the dangerous areas. More victims are expected to be found during the next few days. One witness said that it had been like the end of the world. “I really thought we were all going to die,” Jerry Irvine said. “I’ve never been so terrified in my life”.
Scientists say that the top of the mountain had been growing by five feet per day for several weeks before the explosion. They say that ash and mud could continue to pour out of St. Helens for up to fifteen years. Meanwhile, the people of Clark Country are learning to cope with nature’s fury.
Read the sentences and put them in the correct chronological order.
The tremendous heat inside was released.
Mud from the volcano is filling rivers, causing flooding.
The top of the mountain was blown off.
Huge blocks of ice and rock fell onto the surrounding area.
The mountain was hit by two earthquakes.
The hot ash started fires.
Hot ash and gas came out of the mountain causing a lighting storm.
Choose the best answer A, B, C or D for questions 1-5.
When the volcano erupted, the top of the mountain
landed two hundred miles away.
turned into mud.
was broken into pieces.
The first people to die were killed by
the forest fires.
the thick mud.
the lighting storm.
The volcanic cloud
made everything very dark.
damaged many aeroplanes.
wasn’t very big.
damaged the forest.
People had to leave their homes as
their houses were burnt.
the mountain fell on their homes.
they had no electricity.
there was flooding in the area.
Before the eruption
scientists had been making the mountain bigger.
the people of Clark Country had learnt how to cope with a volcano.
the mountain had been getting taller.
ash and mud had been pouring out of St. Helens for fifteen years.
Answer the questions:
When did the disaster happen?
What caused the volcano eruption?
What happened just before the explosion?
What caused the lighting storm?
What caused the forest fires?
How did the pilot die?
What did the rescue workers do to help the victims?
Задание 2. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
Максимальное количество баллов – 19.
В том числе за 1 задание – 7 баллов, 2 задание – 5 баллов, 3 задание – 7 баллов.
19-17 баллов – «отлично»
16-11 баллов – «хорошо»
10-6 баллов – «удовлетворительно»
Менее 5 баллов – «неудовлетворительно»
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