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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Тест по английскому языку по теме "Direct and Indirect Speech"

Тест по английскому языку по теме "Direct and Indirect Speech"

  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

Direct and Indirect Speech


1. Переведите в косвенную речь.

The teacher asks: “What is the date today?”

A) The teacher wonders what date is today.

B) The teacher wonders what is the date today.

C) The teacher wonders if the date is today.

D) The teacher wonders what today is the date.

E) The teacher wonders what date.

2. Переведите в прямую речь.

She said she had worked at the bank.

A) She said: “I work at the bank”.

B) She said: “She works at the bank”.

C) She said: “Do I work at the bank?”

D) She said: “Have I worked at the bank?”

E) She said: “I worked at the bank”.

3. Переведите в косвенную речь.

“Go and do your homework now”, mother said to him.

A) Mother asks him to go and do his homework now.

B) Mother asked him to go and do his homework now.

C) Mother asks him go and do his homework then.

D) Mother ask him to go do his homework then.

E) Mother asked him to go and do his homework then.

4. Выберите правильный вариант.

She asked her friend … that evening.

A) why hadn’t he came

B) why didn’t he came

C) why he didn’t come

D) why he hadn’t came

E) why he hadn’t come

5. Переведите в косвенную речь.

The teacher asked: “Did you do your homework yesterday, Alex?”

A) The teacher asked Alex if he did his homework yesterday.

B) The teacher asked Alex if he had done his homework the day before.

C) The teacher asked Alex did he do his homework the day before.

D) The teacher asked Jane if he had done his homework yesterday.

E) The teacher asked Alex if he did do his homework yesterday.

6. Переведите в косвенную речь.

“Don’t close the window”, said Max to Alice.

A) Max asked Alice not to close the window.

B) Max asked Alice don’t close the window.

C) Max asked Alice to close not the window.

D) Max asks Alice not to close the window.

E) Max ask Alice not to close the window.


7. Переведите в косвенную речь.

Teacher says to me: “Don’t sleep on the lessons”.

A) Teacher told me don’t sleep on the lessons.

B) Teacher says to me if I don’t sleep on the lessons.

C) Teacher tells me not to sleep on the lessons.

D) Teacher tells me on the lessons not to play.

E) Teacher says to me don’t sleep on the lessons.

8. Выберите правильный русский эквивалент для предложения.

He said he would phone back.

A) Он сказал, что позвонит назад.

B) Он сказал, что он звонит ещё раз.

C) Он сказал, что перезвонит.

D) Он сказал, что перезвонил домой.

E) Он сказал, что он перезвонил опять.

9. Переведите в косвенную речь.

“How long does it take you to read 300 page book?” Moldir asks Janna.

A) Moldir asks Janna how long does it take her to read 300 page book.

B) Moldir asks Janna how long it does take her to read 300 page book.

C) Moldir asks Janna how long it take her to read 300 page book.

D) Moldir asks Janna how long it takes her to read 300 page book.

E) Moldir asks Janna how long it takes you to read 300 page book.

10. Переведите в косвенную речь.

The teacher says, “Learn these words by heart”.

A) The teacher ask learn these words by heart.

B) The teacher says to learn these words by heart.

C) The teacher says to learn to these words by heart.

D) The teacher asks to learn these words by heart.

E) The teacher says learn to these words by heart.

11. Выберите правильный вариант.

We were told that the bus … fifteen minutes later.

A) had been arriving

B) would arrive

C) would be arriving

D) has arrived

E) will arrive

12. Выберите правильный вариант.

She wondered if he … the composition by noon.

A) would be written

B) written

C) would have written

D) would write

E) would be writing


Reported Speech.

При изменении прямой речи в косвенную соблюдаются правила согласования времён (Sequence of Tenses).

Если сказуемое главного предложения, вводящего косвенную речь, имеет форму настоящего или будущего времени (Present Simple, Present Perfect, Future Simple), в косвенной речи время глагола-сказуемого придаточного предложения не меняется.

Direct Speech

Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

John often says to me: “I want to go to Brazil”.

John often says to me that he wants to go to Brazil.


Если сказуемое главного предложения имеет форму прошедшего времени, то сказуемое придаточного предложения обычно также имеет одну из форм прошедшего времени.

Direct Speech

Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

Several years ago John said to me: “I want to go to Brazil”.

Several years ago John said to me that he wanted to go to Brazil.


Союз “that” часто опускается после глаголов “to say”, “to think”, “to know”и др.

He thought (that) we had gone to the country.


Если глагол, вводящий косвенную речь, употребляется в простом прошедшем (Past Simple) времени, то в косвенной речи обычно происходят следующие изменения:


Present Simple → Past Simple

Past Simple, Present Perfect → Past Perfect

Future Simple → Future-in-the Past

(shall / willshould / would)

Следует запомнить правило изменения обстоятельств времени и места, указательных местоимений при переводе прямой речи в косвенную.

Direct Speech (Прямая речь)

Reported Speech (Indirect Speech) (Косвенная речь)

now - сейчас

today - сегодня

tomorrow - завтра


yesterday - вчера


next week - на следующей неделе


last week - на прошлой неделе

last year - в прошлом году

here - здесь

this - эта, этот, это

these - эти

ago - тому назад

then - тогда

that day - в тот день

the next day, the following day - на следующий день

the day before - накануне

the previous day - накануне

the next week, the following week - на следующей неделе

the previous week - за неделю до

the year before - за год до

there - там

that - та, тот, то

those - те

before - раньше, прежде


Если в косвенной речи сообщается о событии, которое является общеизвестным фактом, то в этом случае правило согласования часто не применяется.

Direct Speech

Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)

He said: “London is the capital of Great Britain”.

He said London is the capital of Great Britain.



Indirect speech

Reported Questions. Косвенные вопросы


General Questions



Sue asked

Are you ill?”

Do you watch TV every day?”

Have you written the letter?”

Sue asked

if

whether

I was ill.

Sue wanted to know

I watched TV.

Sue wondered

I had written the letter.

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Special Questions


hello_html_m47dad703.gifWhat is your hobby?” he asked.

He asked me what my hobby was.

hello_html_m47dad703.gifWhere are you going?” she wondered.

She wondered where I was going.

hello_html_m47dad703.gifWho has written this note?” she asked.

She wanted to know who had written that note.




Indirect Speech


Reported Statements Without Tense Changes

Утвердительные предложения без изменений глагола


1

the reported words are “always true”

She said, “The world is round”.

She said (that) the world is round.

2

the reporting verb is

Present Simple

She says, “I don’t go to school on Sunday”.

She says (that) she doesn’t go to school on Sunday.



Present Perfect

She has said, “I don’t go to school on Sunday”.

She has said (that) she doesn’t go to school on Sunday.


Future Simple

She will say, “I don’t go to school on Sunday”.

She will say (that) she doesn’t go to school on Sunday.


Reported Statements With Tense Changes

the reporting verb is in the past tense


Present

Simple

hello_html_d70a885.gifPast

Simple

He said, “I go for a walk every evening”.

He said (that) he went for a walk every evening.

Present

Continuous

Phello_html_d70a885.gifast

Continuous

He said, “I am watching TV”.

He said (that) he was watching TV.

Present

Perfect

Phello_html_d70a885.gifast

Perfect

He said, “I have finished my work”.

He said (that) he had finished his work.

Past

Simple

Phello_html_d70a885.gifast

Perfect

He said, “I read this book”.

He said (that) he had read that book.

Future

Simple

Fhello_html_d70a885.gifuture-

in-the-Past

He said, “I’ll call you from London”.

He said (that) he would call me from London.

Past

Continuous

Phello_html_d70a885.gifast Perfect

Continuous

He said, “I was writing a letter at 7 p.m”.

He said (that) he had been writing a letter at 7 p.m.

Past

Perfect

Phello_html_d70a885.gifast

Perfect

He said, “I had finished my work by 5 o’clock”.

He said (that) he had finished his work by 5 o’clock.


Some Other Changes. Некоторые другие изменения



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