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Тестові завдання для 10 класу

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Куп’янська загальноосвітня школа І-ІІІ ступенів №4

ім..Героя Радянського Союзу М.Ф.Хімушина




ТЕСТОВІ ЗАВДАННЯ ДЛЯ 10 КЛАСУ


ЗМІСТ



1. Eating out……………………………………………………………………3

2. Family Life…………………………………………………………………...4

3. New Technologies……………………………………………………………6

4. Nature………………………………………………………………………...8

5. Education……………………………………………………………………10

6. Leisure Time. Sports..………………………………………………………13

7. Choosing a Career…………………………………………………………..15

8. Література…………………………………………………………………...20





EATING OUT

English Meals


I .Read the text and correct the sentences after the text:


The English proverb says: every cook praises his own broth. One can not say English cookery is bad, but there is not a lot of variety in it in comparison with European cuisine. The English are very particular about their meals. The usual meals in England are breakfast, lunch, tea and dinner.

Breakfast time is between seven and nine a.m. A traditional English breakfast is a very big meal. It consists of juice, porridge, a rasher or two of bacon and eggs, toast, butter, jam or marmalade, tea or coffee. Marmalade is made from oranges and jam is made from other fruit. Many people like to begin with porridge with milk or cream and sugar, but no good Scotsman ever puts sugar on it, because Scotland is the home of porridge. For a change you can have sausages, tomatoes, mushrooms, cold ham or perhaps fish.

But nowadays in spite of the fact that the English strictly keep to their meals many people just have cereal with milk and sugar or toast with jam or honey.
The two substantial meals of the day are lunch and dinner. Lunch is usually taken at one o'clock. For many people lunch is a quick meal. Office workers usually go to a cafe at this time. They take fish, poultry or cold meat (beef, mutton, veal and ham), boiled or fried potatoes and all sorts of salad. They may have a mutton chop or steak and chips, followed by biscuits and a cup of coffee. Some people like a glass of light beer with lunch. Pubs also serve good, cheap food. School children can have a hot meal at school. Some of them just bring a snack from home.

Tea is very popular among the English; it may almost be called their national drink. Tea is welcome in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening. The English like it strong and fresh made. The English put one tea-spoonful of tea for each person. Tea means two things. It is a drink and a meal. Some people have afternoon tea, so called «high tea» with sandwiches, tomatoes and salad, a tin of apricots, pears or pineapples and cakes, and, of course a cup of tea. That is what they call good tea. It is a substantial meal.

Cream teas are also popular. Many visitors, who come to Britain, find English instant coffee disgusting. Dinner time is generally between six and eight p.m. The evening meal is the biggest and the main meal of the day. Very often the whole family eats together. They begin with soup, followed by fish, roast chicken, potatoes and vegetables, fruit and coffee.

On Sundays many families have a traditional lunch consisting of roast chicken, lamb or beef with salads, vegetables and gravy.

The British enjoy tasting delicious food from other countries, for example, French, Italian, Indian and Chinese food. Modern people are so busy that they do not have a lot of time for cooking themselves. So, the British buy the food at the restaurant and bring it home already prepared to eat. So we can conclude that take-away meals are rather popular among the population. Eating has become rather international in Britain lately.


  1. The Japanese proverb says: every cook praises his own broth.

2. The usual meals in England are breakfast, lunch, dinner and supper.

3. Breakfast time is between nine and eleven a.m.

4. A traditional English breakfast is not a very big meal.

5. Office workers usually go home to have lunch.

6. The English put two tea-spoonful of tea for each person.

7. Dinner time is generally between two and four p.m.

8. The morning meal is the biggest and the main meal of the day.

9. Modern people have a lot of time for cooking themselves.


 II. Match the words with their translations:

1. proverb a)ананаси

2. comparison b)приносити

3. cuisine c)серед

4. particular d)кухня

5. between e)особливий

6. perhaps f)між

7. pears g)можливо

8. pineapples h)прислів’я

9. bring i)порівняння

10. among j)груші


III. Answer the questions:

  1. What are the usual meals in England?

  2. What do they have for breakfast?

  3. What country is the home of porridge?

  4. When is lunch usually taken?

  5. What is the national drink of English people?

  6. What do many families have on Sunday?


IV. Write a composition: “My Everyday Meal”

FAMILY LIFE

FAMILY LIFE IN GREAT BRITAIN

I .Read the text and choose the right answer:

The English are a nation of stay-at-home. "There is no place like home," they say. And when the man is not working he is at home in the company of his wife and children and busies himself with the affairs of the home. "The Englishman's home is his castle," is a saying known all over the world. And it is true.

A "typical" British family used to consist of mother, father and two children, but in recent years there have been many changes in family life. Some of these have been caused by new laws and others are the result of changes in society. For example, since the law made it easier to get a divorce, the number of divorces has increased. In fact one marriage in every three now ends in divorce. This means that there are a lot of one-parent families. Society is now more tolerant than it used to be of unmarried people, unmarried couples and single parents.

Another change has been caused by the fact that people are living longer nowadays, and many old people live alone following the death of their partners. As a result of these changes in the pattern of people's lives, there are many households which consist of only one person or one person and children.

You might think that marriage and the family are not so popular as they once were. However, the majority of divorced people marry again, and they sometimes take responsibility for a second family.

Members of a family - grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins - keep in touch, but they see less of each other than they used to. This is because people often move away from their home town to work, and so the family becomes scattered. Christmas is the traditional season for reunions. Although the family group is smaller nowadays than it used to be, relatives often travel many miles in order to spend the holiday together.

In general, each generation is keen to become independent of parents in establishing its own family unit, and this fact can lead to social as well as geographical differences within the larger family group.

Relationships within the family are different now. Parents treat their children more as equals than they used to, and children have more freedom to make their own decisions. The father is more involved with bringing up children, often because the mother goes out to work. Increased leisure facilities and more money mean that there are greater opportunities outside the home. Although the family holiday is still an important part of family life (usually taken in August, and often abroad) many children have holidays away from their parents, often with a school party or other organized grow.

Who looks after the older generation? There are about 10 million old-age pensioners in Britain, of whom about 750,000 cannot live entirely independently. The government gives financial help in the form of a pension but in the future it will be more and more difficult for the nation economy to support the increasing number of elderly. At the present time, more than half of all old people are looked after at home. Many others live in Old Peoples' Homes, which may be private or state owned.


1."The Englishman's home is his …."

- castle

- palace

- museum

2. A "typical" British family used to consist of…

- 4 members

- 3 members

- 5 members

3. The majority of divorced people …

- never marry again

- marry again

- don’t take responsibility for a second family

4 …. is the traditional season for reunions.

- Christmas

- Easter

- New Year

5. Increased leisure facilitiesand more money mean that there are greater opportunities … the home.

- inside

- at

- outside

6. The family holiday is still an important part of family life (usually taken in … , and often …)

- August and in Scotland

- August and abroad

- July and abroad

7. There are about 10 million … in Britain.

- students

- pupils

- old-age pensioners

8. At the present time, more than half of all old people are looked after.

- Old Peoples' Homes

- at home

- in hospitals


II. Match the words with their translations:

1 support a) закони

2 state b) домосіди

3 generation c) зазвичай були

4 government d) виховувати

5 opportunities e) покоління

6 decisions f) держава

7 laws g) підтримувати

8 stay-at-home h) можливості

9 used to be i) рішення

10 bring up j) уряд


III. Answer the questions:

  1. What do English usually say about their home?

  2. How many members are there in a "typical" British family?

  3. Do the divorced people marry again?

  4. When is the traditional season for reunions?

  5. How do English spend their holidays?

IV. Write a composition: “A "typical" Ukrainian Family



NEW TECHNOLOGIES

 

Internet and Modern Life


I .Read the text and correct the sentences after the text:

The Internet has already entered our ordinary life. Everybody knows that the Internet is a global computer network, which embraces hundred of millions of users all over the world and helps us to communicate with each other.

The history of Internet began in the United States in 1969. It was a military experiment, designed to help to survive during a nuclear war, when everything around might be polluted by radiation and it would be dangerous to get out for any living being to get some information to anywhere. Information sent over the Internet takes the shortest and safest path available from one computer to another. Because of this, any two computers on the net will be able to stay in touch with each other as long as there is a single route between them. This technology was called packet switching.

Invention of modems, special devices allowing your computer to send the information through the telephone line, has opened doors to the Internet for millions of people.

Most of the Internet host computers are in the United States of America. It is clear that the accurate number of users can be counted fairly approximately, nobody knows exactly how many people use the Internet today, because there are hundred of millions of users and their number is growing.

Nowadays the most popular Internet service is e-mail. Most of the people use the network only for sending and receiving e-mail messages. They can do it either they are at home or in the internet clubs or at work. Other popular services are available on the Internet too. It is reading news, available on some dedicated news servers, telnet, FTP servers, etc.

In many countries, the Internet could provide businessmen with a reliable, alternative to the expensive and unreliable telecommunications systems its own system of communications. Commercial users can communicate cheaply over the Internet with the rest of the world. When they send e-mail messages, they only have to pay for phone calls to their local service providers, not for international calls around the world, when you pay a good deal of money.

But saving money is only the first step and not the last one. There is a commercial use of this network and it is drastically increasing. Now you can work through the internet, gambling and playing through the net.

However, there are some problems. The most important problem is security. When you send an e-mail, your message can travel through many different networks and computers. The data is constantly being directed towards its destination by special computers called routers. Because of this, it is possible to get into any of the computers along the route, intercept and even change the data being sent over the Internet. But there are many encoding programs available. Not with-standing, these programs are not perfect and can easily be cracked.

Another big and serious problem of the net is control. Yes, there is no effective control in the Internet, because a huge amount of information circulating through the net. It is like a tremendous library and market together. In the future, the situation might change, but now we have what we have. It could be expressed in two words— an anarchist's dream.


1. Everybody knows that the Internet is a global computer network, which embraces hundred of millions of users all over the world and helps us to find a lot of new pen friends.

2. The history of Internet began in the United States in 1996.

3. Invention of CDs, special devices allowing your computer to send the information through the telephone line, has opened doors to the Internet for millions of people.

4. Most of the Internet host computers are in Canada.

5. Nowadays the most popular Internet service is skip.

6. Commercial users can communicate rather expensive over the Internet with the rest of the world.

7. There are no any problems at all in using the Internet/



II. Match the words with their translations:

1 huge a) місце призначення

2 dream b) користувачі

3 message c) небезпечний

4 pay d) користуватися

5 users e) прилади

6 a nuclear war f) ядерна війна

7 devices g) величезний

8 communicate h) мрія

9 dangerous i) послання

10 destination j) платити

III. Answer the questions:

  1. What is the Internet?

  2. When is the history of Internet begin?

  3. What has opened doors to the Internet for millions of people?

  4. Nowadays the most popular Internet service is e-mail, isn’t it?

  5. What is the most important problem?


IV. Write a composition: “Сomputers in my life



Virtual Reality


Read the text below and choose the correct answer:


Not long ago computers 1 ---------------------- an amazing invention. Today they form part of our everyday life. The latest thing 2 ----------------- is Virtual Reality. A Virtual Reality system can transport the user to exotic locations such as a beach in Hawaii or the inside of the human body.

The Virtual Reality system is still in the early stages of its development. At the moment it is necessary 3---------------- a large helmet on your head to see the simulated world and you have to wear a special glove on your hand in order to manipulate the objects you see there. Lenses and two miniature display screens inside the helmet create the illusion that the screen surrounds you on every side.

You can «look behind» computer— generated objects, pick them up and 4------------- them, walk around and see things from a different angle.

Already today Virtual Reality is used in 5-----------------. In hospitals, surgeons could plan operations by first «travelling» through the brain, heart or lungs without damaging 6---------------. It is also used in police training schools. In schools pupils could explore the Great Pyramid or study molecules from the inside. Developers of Virtual Reality say its potential is powerful.

The word which 7-------------- closest to describing Virtual Reality is «simulator». Virtual Reality technology resembles the flight simulators that are used 8-------------------pilots. But of course 9---------------dangers as well as benefits. In the wrong hands Virtual Reality can be used for power fantasies and pornography.


1

was considered

were considered

is considered

Have been considered

2

yesterday

tomorrow

today

the day after tomorrow

3

to put

to take

to give

to get

4

examined

will examine

Is examined

examine

5

medicine

schools

science

chemistry

6

the hand

the body

the leg

the arm

7

comes

came

had come

didn’t come

8

to practice

to learn

to teach

to train

9

there is

there are

there was

there were



NATURE


Ecological Problems

I .Read the text and correct the sentences after the text:


Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment and it seemed to them that natural riches were unlimited. But with the development of civilization man's interference in nature began to increase.

Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over the world today. The by-products of their activity pollute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we grow grain and vegetables on.

Every year world industry pollutes the atmosphere with about 1000 million tons of dust and other harmful substances. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast forests are cut and burn in fire. Their disappearance upsets the oxygen balance. As a result some rare species of animals, birds, fish and plants disappear forever, a number of rivers and lakes dry up.

The pollution of air and the world's ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man's careless interaction with nature, a sign of the ecological crises.

The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people after the Chernobyl tragedy in April 1986. About 18 percent of the territory of Byelarus were also polluted with radioactive substances. A great damage has been done to the agriculture, forests and people's health. The consequences of this explosion at the atomic power-station are tragic for the Ukrainian, Byelorussian and other nations.

Environmental protection is of a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a system of ecological security should be taken.

Some progress has been already made in this direction. As many as 159 countries — members of the UNO — have set up environmental protection agencies.

The international organisation Greenpeace is also doing much to preserve the environment.

But these are only the initial steps and they must be carried onward to protect nature, to save life on the planet not only for the sake of the present but also for the future generations.

  1. Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his wealth.

  2. Large cities with thousands of green parks appear all over the world today.

  3. Many cities suffer from heavy rains.

  4. The most horrible ecological disaster befell Ukraine and its people after the Chernobyl tragedy in April 1980.

  5. About 18 percent of the territory of Ukraine were also polluted with radioactive substances.

6. As many as 159 countries — members of the UNO — have set up environmental protection firms.

7. The international organisation Young Socialist League is also doing much to preserve the environment.


II. Match the words with their translations:

1 pollution a) природа

2 environment b) безпека

3 suffer c) руйнування

4 ancient d) промисловий

5 generations e) забруднення

6 protect f)навколишнє середовище

7 nature g) страждати

8 security h) стародавній

9 destruction i) покоління

10 industrial j) захищати


III. Answer the questions:

  1. When did man's interference in nature begin to increase?

  2. What do many cities suffer from?

  3. What was the most horrible ecological disaster?

  4. What nearby countries were also polluted with radioactive substances?

  5. Environmental protection is of a universal concern, isn’t it?

  6. How many countries have set up environmental protection agencies?

  7. What international organisation is also doing much to preserve the environment?

  8. What should we do for the future generations?



IV. Write a composition: “What We Must Do to Save Our Planet




Environmental Pollution


Read the text below and choose the correct answer:



People have 1---------------- polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution 2-------------- such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowned rural areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants 3----------- small areas, the problem has become more important.

Automobiles and other new inventions make pollution steadily worse. Since the late 1960's people 4--------------have become alarmed with the danger of pollution.

Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air 5--------------cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food can not 6--------------. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet.

Pollution is as complicated as serious problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide transportation for the people. Factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for 7----------- and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they can ruin 8----------.

Thus, people would have to stop using many useful things if they wanted to end pollution immediately. Most people do not want that of course. But pollution can be reduced gradually.

Scientists and engineers can 9-----------find the ways to reduce pollution from automobiles and factories. Government can pass the laws that would make enterprises 10--------- measures for reducing of pollution. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

1

always

never

sometimes

seldom

2

were not

was not

is not

are not

3

above

under

into

on

4

became

has become

become

have become

5

can

could

must

may

6

is grown

be grown

was grown

were grown

7

students

pupils

people

children

8

land

ground

soil

earth

9

found

have found

was found

find

10

take

took

have taken

to take





Education

Education in the USA


Read the text below and choose the correct answer:


Americans place a high value on education. Universal access to quality education 1------------- one of the nation’s historic goals. America’s first college, Harward 2--------------in 1636. In 1865 3--------------- was becoming available to all. The peculiar feature of American education is the absence of national administration. Each of the 4-------------- controls and directs its own school. Most states require that children attend school from the time they reach six or 7 years old until they are 16 or 17. There is no school uniform organization or curriculum throughout the nation. But certain common features exist. Preschool education is part of the elementary school. Elementary and secondary schools 5----------- 12 years of classes, which meet for about ten month a year, five days a week and five hours a day.

Almost every elementary school curriculum 6-------------- English, mathematics, science, social studies, music, art and physical education. Many schools include classes teaching basic computer skills. After 7------------------- secondary schools a growing number of Americans go on to higher education. 8----------- institutions of higher education include: technical training schools, community colleges; and universities which contain one or more colleges and graduate schools offering master’s or doctoral degree programmes.

1

have been

has been

had been

is

2

are founded

is founded

was founded

were founded

3

sport

dancing

leisure

education

4

50 states

40 states

30 states

60 states

5

consist off

consist of

consist on

consist in

6

included

is included

includes

was included

7

graduating in

graduating on

graduating for

graduating from

8

American

Americans

America

American’s




Education and Role of Foreign Languages

I .Read the text and choose the right answer:

Education is very important in our life. An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. He always tries to learn, find out, and discover more about the world around him. He gets knowledge at school, from books, magazines, from TV educational programs. The pupils can get deeper knowledge in different optional courses in different subjects and school offers these opportunities. They can deepen and improve their knowledge by attending different optional courses in different subjects. The result of the educative process is the capacity for Further education. Nowadays the students of secondary schools have opportunities to continue their education by entering, gymnasiums, lyceums, colleges.

But the road to learning is not easy. There is no royal road to learning. To be successful in studies one must work hard. It's for you to decide to learn and make progress or not to learn lose your time. The role of foreign languages is also increasing today. Thanks to the knowledge of foreign languages one can read books, magazines in the original, talk to foreigners, translate various technical articles. Moreover, joint ventures which have recently appeared in our country need specialists with profound knowledge of foreign languages like English, German or French. To know foreign languages is absolute necessary for every educated person, for good specialists. Our country is transferring to a market economy. Research and innovations should improve living, working conditions of our people. That is why it is so important to be persistent in students. A language that came from nowhere to conquer the world… The movement of English around the world began with the pioneering voyages to the Americas and Asia, continued with the 19th century colonial developments in Africa and the South Pacific, and took a significant further step when it was adopted in the 20th century as a official or semiofficial language by many newly-independent states.

English is now the dominant or official language by many newly-independent states. English is now the dominant or official language in over 60 countries, and is represented in every continent and in the three major oceans - Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. It did this spread of representation which makes the application of the term "world language" a reality. The present-day world status of English is the result of two factors: the expansion of British colonial power, which peaked towards the end of the 19th century, and the emergence of the United States as the leading economic power of the 20th century. There are many different reasons why people study foreign languages, English in particular. Here are some of them: to travel abroad; to get good job to have something to do in your spare time; to be better educated; to be familiar with social and cultural life in other countries; to be able to participate in conversations with people from English-speaking countries. English is the language of international air traffic control, and is currently developing its role in international maritime, policing, and emergency services English is the chief language of international business and academic conferences, and the leading language of international tourism. English is the main language of popular music, advertising, satellite broadcasting, home computers, and video games. A foreign language is not just a subject learnt in the classrooms. It's something which is used in real life situations.

There are many reasons why we begin to study foreign languages. First of all it's an effective medium of international communication. I'm convinced if we are working in any brunch of science we must read books and magazines in other languages. Learning foreign languages opens up opportunities and careers that didn't even exits some years ago. Knowing foreign languages can help us to find a job in such fields as science and technology, foreign trade and banking, international transportation communication, teaching librarian science and others. A more general aim is to make our intellectual and cultures. Learning a foreign language including learning also culture, traditions and mode of thought of different people. Of course speaking and writing in a foreign language is a difficult art and it has to be learned. It has replaced French in the world of diplomacy and German in the field of science.

As for me, I'm completely convinced that to know a foreign language is absolutely necessary for all educated person and modern specialists. Everything depends on our own efforts.

  1. An educated person is one who knows a lot about …..

a) many things; b) his own country; c) nature;

2. The road to learning is not …

a) difficult; b) interesting; c) easy

3. The role of … is also increasing today.

a) Mathematics; b) Chemistry; c) foreign languages;

4. … is now the dominant or official language by many newly-independent states.

a) German; b) English; c)Spanish;

5. A foreign language is not just a subject learnt in the classrooms. …

a) It's something which is used in real life situations.

b) It's something which is used at home.

c) It's something which is used when you travel abroad .

6. There are … why we begin to study foreign languages.

a) three main reasons; b) no reasons; c) many reasons;



II. Match the words with their translations:

1. foreign a) залежати від

2. job b) освіта

3. advertising g) умови

4. satellite d) супутниковий

5. different e) різний

6. reasons f) причини

7. participate g) брати участь

8. depends on h) іноземний

9. education i)робота

10. conditions j)реклама, оголошення


III. Ask different questions to the text

IV. Write a composition: “English in My life




LEISURE TIME. SPORTS

Sports and a healthy way of life

I .Read the text and correct the sentences after the text:

Sport is very important in our life. It is popular among young and old people. Many people do morning exercises, jog in the morning, train themselves in clubs, in different sections and take part in sport competitions. Other people like sports too, but they only watch sports games, listen to sports news. They prefer reading interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don't go in for sports. Physical training is an important subject at school. Pupils have got physical training lessons twice a week. Boys and girls play volley-ball and basket-ball at the lessons. There is a sports ground near our school and school-children go in for sports in the open air. A lot of different competitions are held at schools, a great number of pupils take part in them. All participants try to get good results and become winners. Sport helps people to keep in good health. If you go in for sports, you have good health and don't catch cold. Children and grown-ups must take care of their health and do morning exercises regularly. There are some popular kinds of sports in our country: football, volley-ball, hockey, gymnastics, skiing, skating. Athletics is one of the most popular kinds of sports. It includes such kinds of sports as running, jumping and others. Everybody may choose the sport he (or she) is interested in. There are summer and winter sports. My favourite sport is swimming. I go to the swimming-pool twice a week. But I prefer to rest by the lake or the river and swim there. My friend Kostya goes in for boxing. He is a good boxer and he is a brave and courageous boy. His hobby helps him in his everyday life.

  1. Sport is popular among teenagers.

  2. Everybody likes to go in for sport.

  3. Physical training isn’t an important subject at school.

  4. A lot of different competitions are held at schools, and only champions take part in them.

  5. If you go in for sports, you have good English knowledge.

  6. Kostya goes in for swimming.

  7. His hobby helps him to get good friends.

II. Match the words with their translations:

1 include a) двічі

2 open air b) серед

3 important c) учасники

4 brave d) здоровя

5 take care e) басейн

6 twice f) включати

7 among g) свіже повітря

8 participants h) важливий

9 health. i) сміливий

10 swimming-pool j) піклуватися


III. Answer the questions:

  1. Is sport very important in our life?

  2. Do all people go in for sport?

  3. How many PT lessons at school do the children have?

  4. What do they do at PT lessons?

  5. Why do people go in for sports?

  6. What kinds of sports are the most popular?


IV. Write a composition: “Sport in My Life


Sport in Our Life


Read the text below and choose the correct answer:


People all over the world 1 ---------- sports and games.

Sport 2 -----------people healthy, keeps them fit, more organized and better disciplined.

It unites people of different classes and nationalities. Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They go in for skiing, skating, table tennis, swimming, volley-ball, football, body-building, etc.

All necessary facilities are provided for 3 ---------: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, skiing stations, football fields.

Sport is paid 4 ----------- attention to in our educational establishments. Gymnastics is a part of 5 -------- daily activities in the kindergartens. Physical culture is ч compulsory subject at schools and colleges.

Professional sport is also paid much attention to in our country. In city, where I live, there are different sporting societies, clubs and complexes.

Practically all kinds of sports are popular in our country, but football, gymnastics and tennis 6 ---------the greatest popularity.7 ----------, I go in for table tennis (ping-pong). It needs mobility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in a good form. I 8 ---------tennis for five years, but the more I play, the more I like it. I get a real joy taking part in competitions or simply playing with my friends. Sometimes, I go to tennis courts.

Certainly, there's a great distance 9 --------- my manner of playing and such favourites as Jim Courier, Stephan Edberg, Pete Sampras, Boris Becker, Per Korda, but I do my training with great pleasure and hope to play as well as our best players do.


1

are fond of

are fond in

are fond on

are fond for

2

have made

makes

made

make

3

they

we

them

you

4

more

many

the most

much

5

children's

childrens

childrens'

children

6

enjoyed

enjoy

enjoys

enjoying

7

As to me

As in me

As for me

As on me

8

have been playing

has been playing

had been playing

am playing

9

to

among

between

in





Choosing a career

I .Read the text and choose the right answer:


Many students when they finish high school do not have a clear idea of what they want to do in future. Part of the problem is the size of the job market. With so many kinds of work (2000) how can you tell what will interest you? Some of the occupations are already overcrowded. In old industries there may be a little need of new workers, while new and growing industries will offer good jobs now and in the future. Finally how can you make the best use of you personal talents? Those who know themselves often find the best jobs.

Choosing a career is not easy for most people, yet it is one of the most important decisions you make in your life. It is of most importance to explore your choice of occupation from every angle, collect as much information as you can. Above all - evaluate yourself. Be sure you know your own interests and talents.

Unfortunately not everyone takes this trouble. Those who don't can make costly mistakes. For example many young people simply follow in the footsteps of their parents or relatives. But it is not always an appropriate step.

Postponing a decision is another error people make. A lot of young men think that way: "I'll get started tomorrow or next week or next year". These people refuse to face the problem, hoping it will go away. But if you don't make the first step now, how can you plan for the future?

Everyone has skills and talents but yours may not be so obvious. Make a list of your interests, your talents and abilities. Most people have a lot of these but they are undeveloped and may not seem outstanding. By concentrating on a few or on one you may surprise yourself and everyone with how good you can get.

When choosing a future career it is important to keep in the consideration the following things:

  • do you like meeting and dealing with people;

  • do you like to work inside;

  • do you enjoy thinking about problems;

  • do you enjoy working with your hands;

  • do you like working on you own;

  • do you enjoy being creative.

Analyzing all this will help not to make wrong choice.

The majority of jobs may be divided into several groups: clerical, scientific, practical, outdoor, creative and social. I can't say the exact group, in which my future occupation will be. Anyway I don't think that my future occupation is described in these groups. It can also be a mixture of different types of jobs. For example clerical and scientific.

I like meeting and dealing with people, and I'm quite sure, that it will help me in my future profession, whatever it is. I don't mind working inside, besides the weather in our region is very often not suitable for outdoor works. To tell the truth I do not enjoy working with my hands, I would prefer to think and solve different problems. I can't say that I enjoy working on my own, but often it can be pleasant and productive to work alone. I enjoy being creative, instead of feeling someone's authority on me.

I am quite confident in pointing the character features needed to my future occupation and to most of the occupations. These are: ability to learn quick, politeness, creativeness, accurateness, adaptability, friendliness, capability and others. You must also be a good team member. I think that in this or that degree I posses all these qualities, but some of them need to be developed.

There are a lot of professions all over the world. Each man has his own choice. As for me I am interested in Law and Economics. School helps us to make a serious choice of occupation, but not only school, the appearance of many Institutes, Universities, Academies, colleges, polytechnic schools help us in solving this difficult question.

When school pupils leave school they can try to continue their education. For that they have to take entrance examinations to the Institute or University they have chosen.

Also the participating in out-of-class activities helps us to choose our future career; because while this participating we can understand what is interesting for you and what is not.

At present the system of education in our country faces many problems with qualified teachers, with textbooks, school programmes, financial support of the state, etc., and it will take a long time to solve these problems, but I am sure, that soon this situation will be stabilized.

In all ages we must be very careful what we choose as a career, as a case of the whole life, and as a hobby. Interest to it can vanish suddenly. Our occupation must not be boring for us, it must be interesting, it does not matter what salary we’ll have, it is important, of course, but money is not the main human value, there are some other: to help the society, to be compatriots to the whole country. So we must exactly know what we want, know our interests, abilities, all pros and cons of chosen one.

If you don’t think about the future you don’t have one. It is true, because people who live for tomorrow, who do not only think and speak about future, but take care of it, with many acquaintance.

First I began to think seriously about my future profession in the eight form. Of course, parents helped me to make decision concerning my future plans. After school I want to become a student of the Academy of Economics and Right.

For those people who have the high qualification but couldn’t find the work there are a lot of labour exchanges.

Of course, choosing an occupation is a very difficult question but everybody has to solve it.

  1. Many students when they finish high school …. of what they want to do in future.

a) know exactly; b) have a clear idea; c) do not have a clear idea;

2. Be sure you know your own ….

a) hobbies and interests; b) interests and talents; c) knowledge and hobbies;

3. Many young people simply follow in the footsteps of their … or relatives.

a)friends; b)teachers; c) parents;

4. When choosing a future career it is important to keep in the consideration the following things:

a)

  • do you like meeting and dealing with people;

  • do you like to work inside;

  • do you enjoy thinking about problems;

  • do you enjoy working with your hands;

  • do you like working on you own;

  • do you enjoy being creative.

b)

  • do you like meeting and dealing with people;

  • do you want to get high salary;

  • do you enjoy thinking about problems;

  • do you enjoy working with your hands;

  • do you like working on you own;

  • do you enjoy being a manager.

c)

  • do you like meeting and dealing with people;

  • do you like to work inside;

  • do you enjoy traveling abroad;

  • do you enjoy working with your hands;

  • do you want to study long;

  • do you enjoy being creative.

5. The majority of jobs may be divided into … groups



a) six; b) seven; c) eight;

6. When school pupils leave school they can try to ....

a) to work; b)travel abroad; c) continue their education;

7. Our occupation … for us.

a) must not be boring; b) must be boring; c) must not be interesting;



II. Match the words with their translations:

1. unfortunately a) освіта

2. creative b) почуття

3. boring c) точно

4. salary d) знати

5. instead of e) кваліфікований

6. education f) на жаль

7. feeling g) творчий

8. exactly h) нудний

9. know i) заробітна плата

10. qualified j) замість чогось


III. Answer the questions:

  1. Is choosing a career easy for most people?

  2. Are all talents and abilities always well developed?

  3. What is it important to keep in the consideration when choosing a future career?

  4. What groups the majority of jobs may be divided?

  5. School helps us to make a serious choice of occupation, doesn’t it?

  6. What problems does the system of education in our country face?


IV. Write a composition: “My Plans For the Future
















































ЛІТЕРАТУРА


  1. Каверіна В. «100 тем англійської мови», вид. БАО, Донецьк, 2009р.

  2. Яйцева Г.В. «Найкращі 1000 тем», вид. Ранок, «Веста» 2005р.

  3. http://www. homeenglish.ru

  4. http://www. study.ru

  5. http://subject.com.ua





Краткое описание документа:

Тестові завдання допоможуть учням підготуватись і успішно скласти ЗНО з англійської мови.

Виконуючи завдання учні розвиватимуть навички читання.

Тести розроблені згідно тематики спілкування за програмою з англійської мови для загальноосвітніх шкіл України.

  Даними матеріалами можуть користуватися вчителі на уроках англійської мови для активізації матеріалу за вивченими темами, а також учні для самостійної підготовки до ЗНО. Лексичний матеріал в завданнях є доступним і знайомим. Різні види завдань від простіших до складніших дозволять учням вдосконалювати свої знання, а також розвивати отримані вміння і навички. 

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Дата добавления 09.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
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