1Раздел 1. АУДИРОВАНИЕ
1. The upper part of him was quite decent.
2. Soapy was thrown out of the restaurant by a waiter.
3. Having lost his house Soapy had to look for another one.
4. Soapy wanted to be imprisoned for disorderly conduct.
5. Soapy needed some shelter for three months.
6. His second desperate attempt of getting into prison also failed.
7. The most pleasant way of getting a shelter was to dine well at some expensive place.
A Jean has been to Chicago for the last month.
B Looking for a job was not very successful for Jean.
C Jean is sure to find a suitable occupation soon.
D Jean hasn’t missed any important news.
E Leslie is a sincere girl.
F Marta is Peter’s cousin.
G The thief of Caroline’s camera has been found.
3Вы услышите аудиозапись. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3. Together with …, Еmmeline is remembered as one of the major figures in the fight for women’s suffrage.
1) her friends;
2) her daughters;
3) her brothers.
4. The suffrage movement had been active for at least…
1) thirteen years.
2) twenty years.
3) thirty years.
5. The small group began with…
1) aggressive protests.
2) peaceful protests.
3) noisy protests.
6. In …, women over the age of thirty were given the vote.
1) February 1919;
2) February 1920;
3) February 1918.
7. The acceptance of women’s suffrage may also have been due to … towards the role and capabilities of women.
1) changing attitudes;
2) changing behavior;
8. The number of women who were important in the fight for British women’s suffrage
9. Sylvia and Christabel were Emmeline Pankhurst’s …
Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ
10Установите соответствие между заголовками A–G и текстами 1–6. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один лишний заголовок.
A. Exams for foreigners
B. Forbidden city
C. Cruel queen
D. Meeting Royalty
E. Citizens or subjects
F. Holy kings
G. Wrong sequence
1. Some kings were considered too holy to be seen by ordinary people. They lived hidden behind palace walls. At different times, 24 emperors lived in the world’s largest palace complex,
the Forbidden City, in Beijing, China. Started in the 15th century during the reign of Emperor Yongle, the city took a million men and 16 years to complete. It covers 72 hectares and has 8,000 rooms! The last Chinese emperor to live in the Forbidden City was Pu Yi, who left the palace in 1924.
2. Everyone knows about Henry VIII’s cruel nature. But they forget about his wives’ nasty little habits. For example, Catherine of Aragon was left in charge of England while Henry went over to France. While her husband was away, Catherine’s army fought the Scottish king, James IV, and beat him. Just to show what a clever girl she was, Catherine sent Henry the blood-stained coat of the dead Scottish king.
3. Kings and queens expect to be treated differently from other people. So you’d better know some simple rules in case you bump into a member of the royal family.
Women are expected to curtsy. Men are expected to bow. Shake hands if a hand is offered. It’s bad manners to meet royalty with gloves on because, in the past, gloves were associated with warfare.
Until recently it was thought impolite to turn one’s back on the Queen of England. People would walk backwards out of their presence. In certain ceremonies lords and other officials still do.
4. Other countries have ‘citizens’. But in Britain people are legally described as ‘subjects’ – subjects of Her Majesty the Queen. And criminals are sent to one of ‘Her Majesty’s’ prisons.
5. More and more immigrants arrive in Britain each year. There’s one street in London – and it’s less than 300 meters long – where all businesses are run by Arabs, Greeks, Indians, Italians, Jamaicans, Nigerians, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish. But now those who want to live in Britain will have to take a test on ‘Britishness’ to show their knowledge of British culture, history and lаws.
6. The present queen of the UK is universally known as ‘Elizabeth the Second’, although
Scotland and Northern Ireland have never had an ‘Elizabeth the First’!
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–6 частями предложений A–G. Одна
из частей в списке A–G – лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.
Some things about Britain make sense only to the British. Of these, probably the strangest is social class.
There are three main class divisions in Britain with some ‛in between’ variations (such as ‛upper middle’): upper, middle and lower or working class. And people in Britain are 1 _________ .
The different classes in Britain tend to eat different food at different time of the day (and call the meals by different names), they like to talk about different topics, they enjoy
2 __________ and have different ideas about the correct way to behave.
The easiest way to guess the class to which the person belongs to is 3 ________.
A person’s accent in Britain is an identity card. Other people will be able to say what social background you come from, where you were born or educated, and what kind of job you do.
Changing an accent is difficult, even for actors. To achieve the desired accent, a British person must 4 ________ . This is one of the reasons why people still send their children to expensive
private schools. It is not that the education there is better, but because, as adults, they will have the right accent and manners.
A person’s vocabulary is also very important. Here is a good class test you can try: when talking to an English person, say something too quietly for them 5 ________ . A lower-middle or middle-middle person will say “Pardon?”; an upper-middle will say “Sorry?” (or perhaps “Sorry – what?”); but an upper-class and a working-class person will both say “What?” The working person, however, will drop the“t” – “Wha?”.
“Toilet” is another word that makes the higher classes 6 _______ . The correct upper word is “lavatory” or “loo”. The working classes all say “toilet”, as do most lower-middles and middle-middles, the only difference being the working-class dropping of the final “t”.
An interesting thing about the class system in Britain is that very often it has nothing to do with money. A person with an upper-class accent, using upper-class words, will be recognized as upper class even if he or she is unemployed or homeless. And a person with working-class
pronunciation, who calls “a sofa” “a settee”, and his midday meal “dinner”, will be identified as working class even if he is a multi-millionaire living in a grand country house.
A. different pastimes and sports; E. exchange knowing looks;
B. very conscious of class differences; F. achieve the desired accent;
C. to hear you properly; G. to listen to the way he or she speaks.
D. speak it from childhood;
A visit to the Houses of Parliament
After Frank Candliti
David’s father and Philip Turner, the Member of Parliament for Bishopton, are old friends, and one day Mr Turner asked David if he would like to look round the Houses of Parliament.
Of course, David was very pleased, and the visit was arranged for the following Monday. The MP explained that the visit must be on Monday because he had got a ticket for the Stranger’s Gallery on that day, so that David could listen to a debate in the House of Commons. David arrived at Westminster at half past eleven. The policeman at the door would not let him in, but when he said he was meeting Mr Philip Turner, the MP for Bishopton, he was asked to wait in a little room near the door. When Mr Turner arrived, he took David to the Stranger’s Gallery from which he could look down on what was happening in the House of Commons below. Facing him was the Speaker. In front of the Speaker, clerks sat at green-covered tables, and on the seats on either side sat the Members, the Government on the Speaker’s right, the opposition on his left. No king or queen of England is allowed to enter the House of Commons. David was amused to see Members on the front seats sitting with their feet on the table in front of them. Some members seemed asleep; others were talking to those sitting next to them. Members were coming in and out all the time. If the Members liked what a Speaker was saying they shouted “Hear, hear!”, if they did not like it, they shouted “No!” Once the members on the other side became angry and shouted “Shame!” and “Sit down!” until the Speaker told them to stop. When there was a question to be decided all the Members voted. То do this they went out through two doors at the side. Those who thought “yes” went through one door; those who thought “no” through the other. As they went through the doors, they were counted. Then they all came back and the Speaker was told how many there were on each side; and so the matter was decided. David listened to the debate until late in the afternoon. It was all very interesting, but not quite what he had expected. As he went home by train to Bishopton he thought that he had learnt a lot about the English way of life.
12. Mr Turner offered David to look round the Houses of Parliament because…
1) they were former schoolmates.
2) they were friends.
3) David’s father and Philip Turner were friends.
4) they were fellow students.
13. David was eager…
1) to meet Mr Turner on Monday.
2) to listen to a debate.
3) to go sightseeing.
4) to go for a walk.
14. David knew that … is allowed to enter the House of Commons.
2) the Members;
3) the queen;
4) neither the king nor the queen of England.
15. He was struck…
1) that there were so many people.
2) to see Members on the front seats sitting with their feet on the table.
3) that some members were asleep.
4) that some members were talking to each other.
16. If the Members were satisfied with what a Speaker was saying they shouted…
3) “Hands up!”
4) “Hear, hear!”
17. To listen to the debates was…
1) very exciting.
2) rather unique.
3) very interesting but not quite what he had expected.
4) very boring.
18. After his visit he thought…
1) that he knew how to behave in the Houses of Parliament.
2) that he would tell everything his friends.
3) that he would say many warm words to Mr Turner.
4) that he had learnt a lot about the English way of life.
Раздел 3. ГРАММАТИКА И ЛЕКСИКА
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров 19–25, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19–25.
Voting – a Duty and a Privilege
One of the most important rights for U.S. _____________ is the right to vote.
Voting is a duty in a ____________ democracy.
All citizens should vote to choose decent people to be the federal, state, and local _____________.
Before citizens vote, they must register to vote in their state. You do not have to pay for _____________ .
Everyone should also learn about the candidates and issues in the election. We can get _________ by reading newspapers or listening to the news on TV and the radio.
People must be active. They must work with organizations to make their communities and states ____________.
Different voting systems may give very different results, particularly in cases where there is no clear ______________preference.
26The modern Mother's Day is celebrated on various days in many parts
of the world, most _____in March, April, or May as a day to honor mothers COMMON
and motherhood. In the UK and Ireland, it follows the old traditions of
Mothering Sunday, celebrated in March/April.
27_______________, the celebration has it origin in ancient customs and HISTORY
The ancient Greeks kept a festival to Cybele, a great mother of Greek gods.
28The ancient Romans also had another holiday, Matronalia, that was dedicated
to Juno (an ancient Roman goddess), though mothers were ________given USUALL
gifts on this day.
29In Europe there were several long standing traditions where a specific Sunday
was set aside to honor _________and mothers such as Mothering Sunday which MOTHER
is a Christian festival celebrated throughout Europe that falls on the 4th Sunday
One of the early calls to celebrate Mother's Day in the United States was PROCLAMATE
the "Mother's Day _____" by Julia Ward Howe.
31Written in 1870, the Proclamation was tied to Howe's feminist belief that
women had a _____________to shape their societies at the political level. RESPONSIBLE
Today the holiday has become very popular around the world. People take
the day as an opportunity to pay tribute to their mothers and thank them for
all their love and support. There is also a tradition of gifting flowers, cards and
other gift to mothers on the occasion.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами 32-38. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 32-38, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в поле ответа цифру 1,2,3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами ответа.
Burglary in the UK
Burglary is a serious, but very common crime. In 2001, around one 32 ______ every six crimes recorded in the UK was burglary. Victim Support is a charity that offers support and gets in touch with over a million people 33 ______ by crime each year.
Most victims of 34 _______ want to talk to someone about what has happened and how they are feeling. Talking to friends and family can be 35 ______ , but Victim Support provides a service which
involves talking to a specially trained volunteer. This charity can help, 36 ______ whether or not you have told the police or anyone else.
People who are victims of burglary can be affected in a wide range of different ways even if
37 ______ of their property has been stolen. Those whose houses have been burgled may be upset just at the thought that someone has been in their home against their wishes, and this can often make them feel 38 ______.
32. 1) on; 2) at; 3) in; 4) for.
33. 1) affected; 2) changed; 3) impressed; 4) suffered.
34. 1) accident; 2) crime; 3) incident; 4) violation.
35. 1) optimistic; 2) profitable; 3) advantageous; 4) helpful.
36. 1) no matter; 2) regardless of; 3) in spite of; 4) despite.
37. 1) none; 2) nothing; 3) neither; 4) no.
38. 1) secure; 2) secured; 3) insecure; 4) unsecure.
Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО
39You have received a letter from your American pen friend Jane who writes:
… There are four main national symbols in America. They are the American Flag, the Statue of Liberty, the Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell. They all symbolize freedom and democracy. Americans are very proud of them. What are the most important Russian symbols? What do they stand for?
Write a letter to Jane
- answer her questions.
- ask 3 questions about the excursion to Liberty Island
Write 100–140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
A good politician should be ready to take ruthless decisions.
What is your opinion? What can you say for and against this statement?
Write 200–250 words.
Use the following plan:
-make an introduction (state the problem)
-express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
-express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
-explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
-make a conclusion restating your position
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
2Task 2.Study the advertisement.
You are considering visiting the city and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1) dates for departures
2) hotel facilities
3) if breakfast is included
4) number of city tours
You have 20 seconds to ask each question
Task 3. Imagine that while travelling during your holidays you took some photos. Choose one photo to present to your friend.
1. 2. 3.
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
- when you took the photo
- what/who is in the photo
- what is happening
- why you took the photo
- why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with:
"I’ve chosen photo number … "
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the ways of dressing presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12–15 sentences). You have to talk continuously.
A. about the weather;
B. Twenty years;
C. their banks;
E. 15,000 of them;
F. breaking down;
G. not so happy
3. – 2
4. – 3
5. – 2
6. – 3
7. – 1
8. – 2
9. – 2
1. – В
1. – B
12. – 3)
2. – C
3. – D
4. – E
5. – A
6. – G
2. – A
3. – G
4. – D
5. – C
6. – E
13. – 2)
14. – 4)
15. – 2)
16. – 4)
17. – 3)
18. – 4)
Грамматика и лексика
1. – 3) (in);
2. – 1) (affected);
3. – 2) (crime);
4. – 4) (helpful);
5. – 2) (regardless of);
6. – 1) (none);
7. – 3) (insecure)
THE COP AND THE ANTHEM (After O. Henry)
On his bench in Madison Square, Soapy moved uneasily. Winter was coming and it was the time for him to look for shelter. Soapy's desires were not great. Three months in prison was what he wanted. There he was sure of a little food and a bed, safe from the winter wind and the cold.
For years prison had been his shelter during the winter. Now the time had come again. And that is why he moved uneasily on his bench.
Having decided to go to prison, Soapy at once set about fulfilling his desire.
There were many easy ways of doing this. The most pleasant was to dine well at some expensive restaurant, and then, after saying that he could not pay, be quietly arrested by a policeman and sent to prison by the judge.
Soapy got up and walked out of the square and across the level sea of asphalt, where Broadway and Fifth Avenue flow together. He stopped at the window of a brightly lit cafe.
Soapy was shaven, and his coat and tie were decent. But his boots and trousers were shabby. If he could reach a table in the restaurant and nobody saw him, he thought, success would be his. The upper part of him that would show above the table would raise no doubt in the waiter's mind. A roasted duck, two bottles of wine, a cup of coffee, and a cigar would make him happy for the journey to his winter quarters. But just as Soapy entered the restaurant door, the head waiter's eyes fell upon his shabby trousers and boots. Strong hands turned him round and pushed him to the sidewalk.
He had to think of another way of getting to prison. At a corner of Sixth Avenue he saw a brightly lit shop window. Soapy took a stone and threw it at the glass and broke it. People came running around the corner, a policeman at their head. Soapy stood still, with his hands in his pockets, and smiled when he saw the policeman's blue coat.
Men who break windows do not usually remain to speak to policemen. They run away. Just then the policeman saw a man who was hurrying to catch a car. Club in hand, he rushed after that man. Soapy had failed again.
On the opposite side of the street was a small and cheap restaurant. Soapy came in, sat down at a table, and ate a beefsteak and an enormous apple-pie. "Now call a policeman. I cannot pay. I have no money," said Soapy. "And don't keep a gentleman waiting."
"No cop for you," said the waiter, and seizing Soapy by the collar threw him out of the restaurant. Soapy got up and beat the dust from his clothes. He was in despair.
His last hope was to be caught for "disorderly conduct". Soapy began to yell at the top of his voice. He danced and cried like a madman. A policeman who was standing nearby turned his back to Soapy, and remarked to a passer-by: "It's one of those University lads. They are celebrating their traditional holiday. They are noisy; but they mean no harm". Soapy stopped in despair. He buttoned his thin coat against the cold wind and the rain, and walked on.
At last he reached a street where there was little traffic and few pedestrians. At a quiet corner he suddenly stopped. There was an old church in front of him.
Peter: Hi, Jean! I haven't seen you for ages! How have you been?
Jean: Hi, Peter! I'm glad to see you! I've been to Chicago for the last two weeks.
P.: Ah, I see. So that's the reason we haven't met for a long time.
J.: Yes, it is so. And everything is fine with me. I've been just looking for a proper job. Anyway that wasn't a good idea. And how are things with you? Has anything new happened while I was away?
P.: I see. It's always worth trying, Jean. I'm sure you'll find a suitable occupation for yourself very soon. In fact, one of my old friends is running a clothing company in Chicago and they often need good managers there. I can give you his phone number if you want.
J.: Yes, sure. That would be great!
P.: As for me, I'm doing well. Nothing new really happened here. Except, Marta and Richard decided to get married next month.
J.: Oh, wow! That's something! I'm really happy for them.
P.: Yes, that was unexpected. We all thought that this couple won't last. And now, just imagine they are getting married.
J.: Any other news that I've missed?
P.: Not that important but Leslie has refused to be Hugo's girlfriend. We were all greatly surprised, as we thought that she actually liked him.
J.: Oh, dear! That's weird. She was so happy to see him, always accepted his presents, wanted his attention, and now she doesn't want to be his girlfriend. I wonder why is that?
P.: I think, something is rotten in the state of Denmark. Leslie is not that type of a girl. She is usually quite frank. I think he somehow hurt her.
J.: I agree. I don't think that's only her fault. We should find out what happened when we meet her.
P.: Yeah, we should. In fact, there is something else that you have missed while you were in Chicago.
J.: What's that?
P.:We found who stole Caroline's camera.
J.: Really? And who was it?
P.: It was her new flatmate, the young fellow who has just moved in.
J.: No way! He looks so innocent. I thought he can't say a boo to a goose.
P.: You see, appearance is deceptive.
J.: So, how it all happened?
P.: At first, he saw us taking pictures and making a film outside. And I guess he already knew that it's quite an expensive camera. Then, he turned the emergency alarm on to scare us. When we panicked and ran, he stole it.
J.: He seems to be very smart. We should be careful with him. So did he give the camera back to the owner?
P.: No, he continues pretending but Caroline knows that it was him. She saw him taking pictures with it in the central park a few days ago. When she came closer, he hid it and quickly went away.
J.: So, what is she going to do then? I know it cost her a fortune to buy this new technology.
P.: Don't worry, we've invented an effective plan to make him confess and give back the camera.
J.: Oh, that's a relief! I'm with you if you need me. Just tell me what to do.
P.: Ok, we will. We should be going now. Caroline is waiting for us.
Together with her daughters, Sylvia and Christabel, Emmeline Pankhurst is remembered as one of the major figures in the fight for women’s suffrage.
Although the suffrage movement had been active for at least thirty years, it was her founding of the Women’s Social and Political Union in 1903 that really made “Votes for Women” the subject of the day.
The small group began with peaceful protests. However, convinced that such methods wouldn’t bring the desired result, they decided that a more militant approach was needed to force the government to notice their demands.
In February 1918, women over the age of thirty were given the vote provided that they were
either householders, married to householders, or graduates of a British university.
Emmeline was determined that Christabel should be the first woman MP, and having
campaigned enthusiastically for her, was bitterly disappointed when her daughter failed to win a seat in Parliament.
All three Pankhurst women were important in the fight for British women’s suffrage, and women across the world owe much to their efforts.
Nonetheless, the acceptance of women’s suffrage may also have been due to changing attitudes towards the role and capabilities of women.