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Class 11. Spotlight. Test 1.
Choose the correct word.
My cousin really gets/puts on my nerves! He thinks he knows everything!
Sue is very popular/famous with her friends.
His parents do not agree/approve of the way he dresses.
Tom is always telling/showing off and saying how good he is at everything.
Her mother is extremely pleased/enjoyed with her progress.
Fill in: single, black sheep, blood, stroll, walk, immediate, extended, household name, nuclear.
Take care of your little sister. She is your own flesh and __________.
My _________ family has got twenty people.
It’s difficult to be a _______ parent.
After dinner, we often dress up and go out for an evening _______.
The new actress has become a _____________ .She’s on TV every day.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct present form.
I ______________(see) my aunt tonight.
Every day we ____________(go) sightseeing in London.
Our flight ________________(reach) Moscow at 7.30 pm.
New York is so busy and everyone __________(rush) around all the time.
As you know I _________ (write) a funny story about our trip.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct past form.
-She _________________(walk) home when a man _______(steal) her bag.
2. ____________(you/see) your cousin this morning?
No, he ____________ (already/leave) the house by the time I _________(wake) up.
I ________(go) to see Mark about buying his house yesterday afternoon.
William _____________________(already/hear) the news when I ___________(call) to tell him.
Helen _____________(be) exhausted because she ______________(jog) for two hours.
5. Read the text. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?
More people than ever are quitting the UK in search of a better life
abroad. Experts say the lure of a sunnier climate, combined with a
discontent with home life and the high cost of owning a property in
Britain, is causing people to leave in their thousands.
Many of these ‘expatriates’ head for countries such as France or
Spain, where the laid-back Mediterranean lifestyle is a sharp
contrast to the hectic pace in crowded Britain. But some are
choosing far-flung destinations such as America, Australia, and New
Traditionally, the majority of those who have chosen to live
abroad have been people of retirement age. These people are often
more able to afford a foreign home and are likely to have become
fed up with life in Britain, so look to find a place in the sun where
they can spend their golden years. But some of the new generation
of expatriates are younger people, or families, in search of a better
quality of life.
However, recent research has found that around 41% of Britons
who moved abroad to start a new life were back in the UK within 12
months. Just under a third of people who relocated said they were
happy and planned to stay where they were for the foreseeable
future, while the rest said they were either still trying to settle in or
that they divided their time between the UK and their new home.
The research found that many people who move abroad looking
for a better quality of life often find their new situation more
difficult than life at home. The main reason people gave for
returning was that they missed family and friends. For some it was
financial worries or problems getting a job that drove them home.
Others came back to Britain after being unable to overcome
language and cultural difficulties.
1 Many people leave Britain because the houses are very expensive. ___
Life in Britain is slower than life in Spain. ___
The most popular destinations are America, Australia and New Zealand. ___
Most British people who choose to live abroad are young people with families. ___
Older people have more money to spend on a foreign home. ___
Most Britons who move abroad come back to Britain within a year. ___
Many people find their new life abroad causes more stress than their life in Britain. ___
Most people came back because they couldn’t find a job. ___
1. 1. gets 2. popular 3. agree 4. showing 5. pleased.
2. 1. blood 2. extended 3. single 4. stroll 5. household name.
3. 1. am seeing 2. go 3. rushes 4. am writing.
4. 1. happened; was walking, stole 2. have you seen; had already left, woke up 3. went 4. had already heard; called 5. was; had been jogging.
5. 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. F 5. T 6. F 7. T 8. F.
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Read the text. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?
Every day Peru’s Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas, is rediscovered by at least 1,000 tourists who are slowly destroying one of the wonders of the world. More people now come to this sacred citadel in a week than ever lived there in its
15th-century prime. The attempt to improve facilities for international visitors – better hotels, a helicopter service, and a planned cable car to replace the bus trip up the mountain – has only made the wear and tear worse.
For nearly 500 years Machu Picchu was covered by impenetrable rainforests until in 1911, an American scholarexplorer, Hiram Bingham, stumbled upon it whilst he was looking for Vilacamba, the last refuge of the Incas from the Spanish conquerors.
It’s easy to see why so many want to flock here. The sight of the emerald green grass slopes and stone-coloured remains of Machu Picchu, flanked by its awesome, snow-capped peaks, is utterly breathtaking.
It seems now, however, that Machu Picchu is falling victim to its own success. The primary concern is that the high volume of visitors is harming the site’s infrastructure. A survey by Japanese geologists at Kyoto University has suggested the earth beneath the city is moving at a rate of up to one centimetre per month.
There are also fears for the welfare of the porters who carry travellers’ backpacks in all weathers along the high altitude Inca Trail.
As a result, the United Nations cultural agency wants visitor numbers more than halved, which means that visitors must now wait four to five days before getting a place on a trek. Despite this, Machu Picchu remains the number one must-see in South America. And, as such, the hunt is now on for new Inca ruins as a viable, ecologically sound alternative.
1 Machu Picchu used to have a population of over 7,000. ___
2 The improvement of facilities for tourists is causing environmental damage. ___
3 Hiram Bingham set out to discover Machu Picchu in 1911. ___
4 Machu Picchu is surrounded by mountains. ___
5 Machu Picchu has been too successful as a tourist destination. ___
6 Tourists must carry their own bags whilst they are walking along the Inca Trail. ___
7 The United Nations cultural agency would like to reduce the number of tourists who visit Machu Picchu. ___
8 Machu Picchu is no longer the most popular tourist attraction in South America because many tourists have now found some more ecological ruins to visit. ___
1. 1. fit in 2. shrugged 3. rummaged 4. confidential 5. put off 6. sighed 7. strain 8. essential 9. cope 10. volunteered 11. bewildered 12. obedient
2. 1. whose brother is a professional
2. the church in which
3. who is the owner
4. which/that Jenny lent me
5. which he paid
6. where Pat met
1 F 2 T 3 F 4 T 5 T 6 F 7 T 8 F
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3. Complete the text with the correct form of the words in brackets.
A funny thing (1 happen) ___________________ to me while I was at a local music festival with my boyfriend, who (2 win) _______________ two festival tickets earlier that week. It was Saturday afternoon at about 3 o’clock when
we (3 arrive) _______________ at the festival and hundreds of people (4 already get) _______________ there. I (5 spend) _______________ the first couple of hours just looking at all the different styles of clothes that people (6 wear) _______________ and the amazing hairstyles they (7 have) _______________ .
At about 7 o’clock, we joined a huge crowd of people at the main stage after one of the most popular bands (8 start) _______________ to play. After about half an hour, I (9 realize) _______________ I wanted to go to the toilet, so I left my boyfriend enjoying the music. It took about ten minutes to walk to the toilets and there was a big queue when I got there. After about three quarters of an hour I
(10 make) _______________ my way back to the concert.
There was an even bigger crowd of people by then, so I just looked for a tall guy with dark hair, jeans, and a black leather jacket, which is what my boyfriend
(11 wear) ______________ .
I spotted a guy who looked like this, pushed my way into the crowd and stood in front of him. After the band (12 finish) _______________ , I turned round to kiss him, and it was only then that I realized he wasn’t my boyfriend! I (13 stand) _______________ with a complete stranger for over an hour. I (14 go) _____________ very red,
mumbled an apology and then saw my boyfriend who (15 look) _______________ for me for ages. ‘Where (16 you disappear) _______________ to?’ he asked. He never believed my story!
A. 1. C 2. B 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. B 9. A
C. 19. telling 20. share 21. to take 22. pay 23. to drive 24. denying 25. to take on 26. be 27. vandalising 28. spending
1. happened 9. realized
2. had won 10. made
3. arrived 11. was wearing
4. had already got 12. finished
5. spent 13. had been standing
6. were wearing 14. went
7. had 15. had been looking
8. started/had started 16. did you disappear
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4. Read the texts, then answer the questions. Write A, B, or C.
A Billy Elliot
Stephen Daldry’s first feature film is set in the north-east of England during the miner’s strike of 1984. A motherless boy, Billy Elliot, from a mining village, takes up dancing against the wishes of his father and older brother. Regrettably, the
depiction of the working classes in Lee Hall’s semiautobiographical script is somewhat stereotypical.
The heart of the film, however, is in the relationship that Billy strikes up with his dance teacher. Mrs Wilkinson is a dispirited soul who finds as much genuine pleasure in nurturing the talent and hope of this 11-year-old as he does in the
discipline and support that she provides for him. The dancing is superb, but Daldry could be accused of overusing dance as a metaphor for escape and frustration, and
the grand opera numbers sit a little uneasily, given that this film is essentially pitched as a realist comedy.
B Bend it like Beckham
Football’s uncommon ability to bring a nation together is celebrated in this sweet, positive youth movie. Set in modern day London, the film tells the story of Jess, whose two greatest loves in life are David Beckham and kicking a ball about.
Unfortunately her family cling to traditional Asian values, and while they’re willing to tolerate her fanaticism the very idea of their daughter joining a local girls’ team makes them see red.
But, encouraged by her new best pal, Jules, and dishy Irish coach, Joe, she defiantly signs on with the team. Actresses Parminder Nagra and Keira Knightly both have winning personalities, but credit should also go to the writer and director for getting the balance right between humour and pathos, sporting and romantic action, not to mention negotiating the tricky business of filming football with
originality and finesse.
C Cinema Paradiso
A successful movie director in his 40s, Salvatore returns home to Sicily after hearing of the death of Alfredo, the exprojectionist at the village cinema. Most of the film is a flashback to Salvatore’s World War 2 childhood and adolescence when, obsessed by movies, he is befriended by the wise and benevolent, though sometimes rather gruff, Alfredo.
Their bond is one that contains many highlights and tragedies and ultimately shapes the way for Salvatore to move out of his run-down village to pursue a dream.
Which film or films ...
1 is partly based on the life of the screen-writer? ___
2 is not set in the UK? ___
3 was difficult to film? ___
4 is set in the 21st century? ___
5 are about young people who have ambitions that their
parents don’t support? ___ ___
6 is the first film by the director? ___
7 takes place over two different periods of time? ___
1. 1. stiff 2. painful 3. extinguish 4. fractured 5. hoarse 6. itchy 7. agonising
8. breathe 9. went on
2. 10. narrow 11. contagious 12. colour 13. supposedly 14. internal 15. irresistible 16. restored 17. miraculously 18. glimpsed 19. commemorate.
3. 1. The patient was told to take antibitics by Doctor Smith.
2. A doctor's appointment should be made by Chris.
3. Annabel's temperature is being taking by a nurse.
4. Her allergy is caused by the neighbour's cat.
5. The victims have been carried to safety by the rescuers.
6. A medical clinic for cancer patients will be built.
4. 1 A 2 C 3 B 4 B 5 A B 6 A 7 C
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D. Read the text and answer the questions.
Is it easy to spot a liar?
According to psychologists, the average human being lies to others once or twice a day. This is because deception – or ‘untruthfulness’ – is a natural tendency amongst all living things.
Many animals deceive others around them in order to get ahead in life. Birds, for example, pretend to be injured in order to distract predators from baby birds in their nest. Chimpanzees, when they are foraging for food and come across something tasty, will occasionally pretend not to have noticed the food so
as not to alert the chimps nearby and lose their prize. So it is no surprise that human beings often deceive for exactly the same reasons: to save their own skins or to get something they can’t get by other methods. Despite how often they engage in it, most people aren’t experts at lying. People often make inconsistent facial expressions and body movements in a desperate attempt to seem believable and to suppress what they are really thinking. Because the muscle structure of the face is directly connected to the areas of the brain that process emotion, very few people– most notably, actors and politicians – are able to consciously control all of their facial expressions. Other signs of lying are an increased heartbeat, a faster rate of breathing, and a higher voice pitch. It would be logical to think that with these sorts of symptoms, we would be able to spot a liar easily. However, just
as we are poor liars, it seems that we are equally hopeless at detecting lies. In a survey carried out at the University of Portsmouth in the UK, participants were able to detect a lie 44 percent of the time, and able to detect the truth 67 percent of
So are we better at detecting the truth than detecting lies? High-tech lie detectors or ‘polygraphs’ are not much more accurate. They cannot detect lies as such; they merely detect the physical effects of emotions. These machines measure breathing, heart rate, and skin conductivity, which tend to increase when people are nervous, as they usually are when lying. On the other hand, the idea of being hooked up to a machine like this could easily produces symptoms of fear, anxiety and anger which are very similar to those responses used to detect a lie, which is one reason lie detector tests are inadmissible in court.
1 Birds protect their young by …
a injuring themselves.
b injuring the predators.
c behaving as if they are injured.
2 Human beings often tell lies to …
a protect their skin.
b to avoid difficult situations.
c to get away from other people.
3 The author says that actors …
a tell more lies than most people.
b are good at lying.
c are good at recognizing liars.
4 According to the text …
a people are better at telling lies than detecting lies.
b people are better at detecting lies than telling lies.
c people are bad at telling and detecting lies.
5 Lie detectors are able to recognize …
a all lies.
b when a person is nervous.
c some types of lies.
6 Lie detectors cannot be used in court because they …
a are not totally accurate.
b break down very frequently.
c can be bad for the health.
A.1. a) manor b) cottage 2. a)industrial b) residential 3. a)stable b) shed 4. a) hawker b) beggar 5. a) sink b) drain 6. a) filthy b) run-down
B. 7. descendants 8. ornamental 9. exterior 10. stray 11. commuters 12. conflict 13. abandoned 14. posh 15. vast 16. do without
C. 17. can't 18. shouldn't 19. Can 20. ought to 21. can't 22. might 23. should 24. didn't need to give 25. could
D. 1. c 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. b 6. a
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D. Read the text. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?
The House of the Future
In the new village of Hamborne, in Kent, Robert Pickford goes to the bathroom and prepares for a new day. It is 2020. There is a slight hum as the family water purifier switches on, and as he walks down the hallway he taps the electricity
meter and sees it shows that the family is in credit: his own windmill generator and solar panels are putting more energy into the electricity grid than the household is using, adding to the family income.
Downstairs his wife, Ela, is complaining. The so-called ‘smart fridge’ has malfunctioned and the order for milk and bread which should have reached the local delivery service has not been sent. The grocer, who employs a refugee from Vasalu, a Pacific island country that disappeared three years previously as sea levels rose, will have to be telephoned instead. Richard normally works from home, but today is going in a shared hydrogen-powered car to the office on an industrial estate in the next town.
When working at home, a telephone gadget in his ear, which operates on electricity generated by his brain, allows his manager to speak to him at any time during working hours.
Today as he drives to work he carefully picks his route to avoid traffic congestion charges on the motorway, or in any of the towns on the way. His company long ago moved out of its central London headquarters to cut costs. The clampdown on preservatives in food and high oil prices mean that sending fresh food long distances is prohibitively expensive. The family keep chickens to have a supply of fresh eggs and grow vegetables because so much imported food is now an expensive luxury. The warmer climate means melons can be grown outdoors, although it also has led to a malaria outbreak in nearby Tunbridge Wells.
But life in Britain in 2020 is not all bad. The air is cleaner, public transport is much better, and because of congestion charges and home working, traffic jams are becoming a distant memory.
1 Every morning Robert Pickford switches the water purifier on. ___
2 The house uses energy from the wind and the sun. ___
3 If the family uses less energy than they produce they can make a profit. ___
4 Ela will call the man from Vasalu to ask him to come and fix the fridge. ___
5 Richard has his own car. ___
6 It is necessary to pay money to travel by car on all roads and through all towns. ___
7 The use of food preservatives is not permitted. ___
8 The family keeps chickens because they prefer fresh eggs. ___
9 A rise in temperature has led to the existence of new diseases in England. ___
10 There are far fewer traffic jams than there used to be because more people work from home. ____
A. 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. C. A
B. 10. News bulletin 11. live coverage 12. latest developments 13. extraterrestrial life 14. faint sounds 15. into orbit
C. 16. Andrew said that he was watching a documentary on the SETI programme.
17. Helen said that she might get a job with the local TV station.
18. He told her that Peter wouldn't like the news at all.
19. She said to Betty that John thought his neighbour was an alien.
20. Sammy said that Peter had lent him a book about UFOs.
21. She told me that the scandal would be all over the press the following day.
D. 1 F 2 T 3 T 4 F 5 F 6 F 7 T 8 F 9 T 10 T
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D. Read the text. Are the statements true (T) or false (F)?
Living with ‘boomerang kids’
Leaving school or college used to mean leaving home for good – but no longer. High property prices, student debt, and broken relationships mean that your child is highly likely to return home several times before finally making a go of it on their own.
A survey last year for the Social Market Foundation revealed that one in four people aged between 20 and 30 said they had gone back twice or more since leaving home. One in eight had returned home more than three times! Perhaps unsurprisingly, the survey of 1,044 people showed that men were more likely to do this than women – 28 per cent of men, as opposed to 18 per cent of women.
Suzie Hayman, counsellor, broadcaster, and author says that, while high property prices and student debt are both compelling factors pushing twenty-somethings back into the arms of their parents, it’s not the whole story. She believes that many parents have brought this situation on themselves by not bringing their children up to be independent. She feels that mothers are often guilty of this with sons, doing all their washing, cooking, and clearing up into adulthood, leaving them ill-equipped for a life on their own. Today’s children are driven everywhere and generally expect everything to come easily. Little wonder, then, that they race back to the security of home when things don’t go well in the outside world.
Despite this, most parents don’t dread having their children return home – far from it. Many may secretly be delighted, because the child’s departure may have revealed glaring holes in their relationship with each other. Other parents are keen for children to return because it makes them feel more valued. Often parents find it quite tough to go from being the whole world to their child to suddenly becoming unnecessary when they leave home.
On the other hand, it can be enormously frustrating for parents, who may have only just adjusted to having an adult relationship again, to find themselves sharing their home with another adult – who insists on behaving as if they were still a child.
1 Children often return to live with their parents because they can’t afford to rent or buy a place to live.___
2 The majority of people who come back to live with their parents are female. ___
3 According to research, the majority of men in their twenties return home to live with their parents. ___
4 Suzie Hayman believes that for many parents it is their own fault that their children return home to live. ___
5 Many parents are very happy when their children return home to live. ___
A. 1. beating 2. triumph 3. overcome 4. dashed 5. outspoken 6. applying for 7. graduating 8. pinned 9. dropping out 10. longed.
B. 11. taught 12. hard 13. defeat 14. lessons 15. take 16. enrolled 17. carry out 18. qualifications 19. meagre
C. 20. Had prepared 21. would do 22. would have said 23. try 24. had chosen 25. knew 26. wouldn't have one 27. doesn't find 28. had got 29. wouldn't have accepted
D. 1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T 5. T
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3. Read the text and answer the questions.
What are friends for?
Recent research has shown that at any one time in our lives we have around 30 friends, six of whom we think of as close. Over a lifetime we will make almost 400 friends, but we will keep in touch with fewer than 10% of them. Almost 60% of us claim that our friendships are more important to us than career, money or family. Other studies show that men have, on average, one fewer close friends than women do, and that both men and women find their friendships with women more emotionally satisfying than those with men. We interviewed some people to find out more.
Jamie, a TV producer in his 30s
For me, anyone who I like, trust, and find interesting, male or female, is a potential friend. Really close friends I could probably count on one hand. Those are the people who stand by me even when things go pear-shaped or I behave badly,which does obviously happen from time to time!
Susannah, a jewellery-maker in her 30s
I make new friends easily. I love getting to know people but I must admit that I also tend to drop friends quite easily. For me, it’s very important to have balance in a friendship. I don’t like it when friends expect too much from me. That’s when I think enough is enough – time to move on.
Ewan, an accountant in his 40s
My friends are the people who know the real me, they know what makes me tick, and what makes me laugh. I think it’s also got a lot to do with shared history. You feel a special bond with people who have watched you go through important life
changes – relationships, jobs, children. I also think shared tastes play a vital role. I don’t think it’s terribly easy to hit it off with someone who can’t stand your taste in music, books, films, and vice versa.
Helena, an English teacher in her 30s
My friends make my life possible. We care for one another’s children, look after pets, do one another’s shopping, counsel each other on our marriages. From all the mothers at the school gate, you pick the ones you really like, and then they become
your support network.
Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?
According to the research …
1 we lose touch with the vast majority of our friends.____
2 women have more close friends than men. ____
3 men find friendships with other men, rather than women, emotionally more rewarding. ____
Write the name of the person who ...
4 chooses friends that can be of practical help. _________
5 says they have very few close friends. _________
6 likes to have friends that really understand them. _________
7 doesn’t like friends to be very demanding. _________
8 thinks that it is important for your friends to like similar things._________
9 thinks that a true friend supports you through hard times._________
1. 1. bridge 2. utmost 3. remote 4. forecast 5. consult 6. gust 7. jet 8. rain 9. depiction 10. bolt 11. become 12. assume
2. 1. A 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. C 6. C 7. C 8. A 9. A 10. C
1. T 4 Helena 7 Susannah
2. T 5 Jamie 8 Ewan
3. F 6 Ewan 9 Jamie