Tests in the format of Independent Testing on the Topic “Everyday life and its problems.”
Read the text below.Match chices(A-H) to (1-5).There are three choices you don’t need to use.
By the age of 20, Benjamin Franklin had already established a plan by which he intended to live the rest of his life. If that strikes you as an unrealistic expectation, well, Franklin did exactly that, and he became one of the most accomplished and dynamic figures in American history along the way. It evidently worked out pretty well for him and is as good as any reason why you need a plan.
There are actually lots of reasons why planning is a good idea, and it can really have some benefits.
Making a plan will help you to:
Work out what you want to do (your goals)
Work out if you can achieve what you want
Think about how you are going to achieve what you want
Work out any extra supports you might need
Work out if there are things in your life you would like to have more control over (new responsibilities)
Think about what you might do if some things don't work out
Think about the changes you want to make in your life, and
Plan to make these changes successfully
The changes in your life can be both exciting and scary because often they mean:
Things may not happen the way they used to
There will be new things that you are responsible for
You will have more freedom
Whether there are big changes you want to make (like moving out of home), or if you just want to have more control over your life, planning will help you think things through, make good decisions and take control.
Like a map, a plan can help you to see where you want to go and feel more confident about how you are going to get there. If something is not working, you can look at your plan and see what needs to change. Best of all, you can look back at your plan to see where you have 'come from' and celebrate the progress you have made!
So, you know that planning is a good idea and a chance to stop and think about your life and what you want. Here are some more general tips about how to get the most out of your planning:
Don't be afraid to 'dream big' when you are planning – if you don't think and talk about it, it probably won't happen
Use planning to think of different options. – if you want to do something and can't do it, then what else can you do that you are still happy with?
Don't feel rushed – take your time with planning because it is important
Get advice and opinions from people you know well and trust - but if it goes in your plan, make sure you agree with it!
Think about how you want your life to be now as well as what you want to happen in the future
Ask questions if you are not sure about something
Use planning to break things down and think things through – if you know what you want, how will it happen? What do you need? How does it fit into your plan?
If you feel ready, use your plan to take responsibility for new things – it's a good feeling to be the one directing things in your life
Use planning to think about the supports you have and the supports you need
Remember that a good plan should:
Be about what you want
Include all the support you need
Have in it only things you agree with
Help you to do what you want to do with your life
Include the 'big picture' (ideas and goals) but also how you and other people involved in supporting you are going to make things in your plan happen (the details)
List responsibilities (who is responsible for what in your plan)
Include timeframes - when are the things in your plan going happen? From next week, or next year?
Be able to be looked at again and changed if something in your life changes
Be easy for you and everyone else to understand
Be something that you keep a copy of! - your plan and what is in it is about you, so you have a right to have a copy of it
A. Why plan anyway?
B. Making the most of planning
C. What a good plan should be like?
D. Who is one of the most convincing examples of successful planning?
E.A great American President.
F. The disadvantages of planning.
G When are support and planning really important?
H. It’s difficult and responsible to make to make a good plan.
Read the text below. For questions(6-11)choose the correct answer(A,B,C or D).
No one's ability to remember names is perfect. Yet this important skill gives you the advantage in business and personal relations. In my research, I have found that memory lapses often boil down to a question of concentration. Each day our brains are bombarded with information that is evaluated in a complex sorting system. Generally, we store important information in a long-term memory and hold less meaningful data in short-term memory. What is the art of remembering names
Firstly keep focused. When you find yourself wrestling with a forgotten name ten seconds after an introduction, it's because you were inattentive. This happens primarily because we often are preoccupied with ourselves .Once I was to address a group of memory scholars. On the way to the conference center, I noticed my socks didn't match. I was a little annoyed but I didn't do anything about it. When faced with the group of scholars, all I could think about was my socks. My speech got off to an awkward start, and I had to struggle to remember what I wanted to say. Remember, when you're meeting someone new, clear your thoughts of outside concerns. If you mind wanders during an introduction, ask that the name be repeated.
To reinforce your memory, dramatize faces. If you try to memorize names by rote, you'll probably forget the information quickly. But if you associate names and faces with memorable images, you'll most likely recall them with ease. Here's how: After you've been told a person's name, focus on his face. Is there something particularly interesting or attractive about it ? Is the hair bright red? Are the eyebrows heavy? Are the eyes striking ?Select just one feature and commit it to memory by exaggerating or animating it.
The final key is to remember a person's name in review. During your conversation, say the name as often as seems appropriate. For example, "That's an interesting point, Mike !" At the end of your conversation, repeat the name out loud. For example, "I'm glad we had a chance to meet, Mike." Then, you may want to write down a person's name and the imagery you have connected with it.
Training yourself to remember names may take a lot of practice. But once you've mastered the art, you can be sure people will remember you.
What is the main cause of memory lapses ?
A .the lack of associations
D. lack of communication
C. the lack of concentration
D .the lack of vitamins
Why was the writer annoyed before the meeting with scholars?
A. Because he didn’t want to meet with the scholars.
D. Because he had started his speech awkwardly.
C. Because he had put on the socks the color of which couldn’t be combined with his suit.
D. Because the socks were from different pairs
Why shouldn't one memorize names by heart ?
A. Because a person can get offended.
B. Because you’ll soon forget them if there are no associations.
C, Because you’ll start to make faces.
D. Because it’s a very difficult task
Explain how one dramatizes faces or names to reinforce their memory.
A. create memorable images and exaggerate or animate them.
B .draw pictures
C. write the names down into your notebook
D. repeat the names several times as loudly as you can.
Give an example how one can remember names better during a conversation.
A .Star making associations just during your conversation.
B. While talking to a person, say his/her name from time to time.
C. Write down the name just after the person has introduced her/himself.
D. Ask a person to repeat his/her name during your conversation.
Read the text below. Choose from( A-J) the one on which best fits each space(11-17)There are two choices you do not need to use.
" I want some more beer ..." Sam turned around and saw _______(11) mumbling in coherently as he wobbled aimlessly along the road._______(12), Sam continued his way back home.
Sam did not bother to switch on the lights at home. Everyone must be asleep at this late hour, he thought. He tiptoed into Marie's bedroom and found her ________(13), snugly tucked under her pink comforter. Sam bent over and kissed his beloved five-year-old daughter's forehead. "Thanks, dear. ________(14), I would never have turned over a new leaf," Sam whispered in gratitude, recalling the drunken man he saw a while ago.
A year ago,___________________(15), Sam felt dejected and worried about how _______(16). The situation worsened when he failed to secure a job after months of intensive searching. Soon, Sam began to indulge in alcoholic drinks to drown his sorrows. His savings ___________(17) during his retrenchment was tremendously depleted by his drinking habits. Soon his wife, Catherine, became the family's sole bread winner.
A. which was used to sustain the family expenses during his retrenchment
B. sleeping soundly
C .If I were you
D. a dirty, unshaven drunkard
E. after being retrenched from his computer company
F. under the bed
G. a pretty young woman
H. If it was not for you
I. he was going to provide for his family
J. Shaking his head
Read the text below.For each of the empty spaces(18-31)choose the correct answer(A,B,C,D)
Conflicts between parents and their children_______(18) are common.. For adults, sleep is welcome rest. For children, it's lost time, time when they_____(19) something fun like ______(20) computer games or finishing a drawing of their cartoon hero. So the youngsters often resist it.
And in families ________(21) both parents work, the nightly ritual of putting the children to bed can be even more of a tussle. Most parents don't get home until at least seven in the evening, and there's little slack between bath, dinner, homework and bedtime.
Whatever the situation, a growing child still requires a decent______(22) of sleep, and for young schoolchildren and toddlers, that's between 10 and 12_____(23) a night.
But what happens when children fight it every step of the way, from_____(24) a bath s to getting______(25) bed? When they_______(26) to sleep alone in bed or wake up repeatedly, or need______(27) for an hour before nodding off?
"There is no way_____(28) this problem without______(29) to some crying, but you can keep it to a minimum," says Dr.Ferber.
Parents who are fighting the sleep battle with their children often complain of being tired, but forget that their children, who ______(30) to complain, are also tired.
"It is in your child's best interests to have uninterrupted sleep," Ferber says.
For children as well as adults, Ferber says, "sleep serves some restorative function for our bodies and perhaps for our minds, and it is certainly necessary for normal functioning ______(31) the day."
In the morning
could be doing
must be doing
To be rocking
to be rocked
haven't yet learned
Write a letter to your new friend from England about your normal day and about your everyday problems. Use the plan below:
1. Tell about your day at school and at home.
2. What problems do you face every day.
3. Ask your friend to write about his/her daily routine.
1)E 2)A 3)H 4)B 5)D
6)C 7)D 8)B 9)A 10)B
11)D 12)J 13)B 14)H 15)E 16)I 17)A
18)D 19)A 20)C 21)A 22)B 23)B 24)D 25)A 26)D 27)B 28)A 29)C 30)B 31)A
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