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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Тренировочные задания для подготовки к ГИА
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  • Иностранные языки

Тренировочные задания для подготовки к ГИА

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Экзаменационный материал. 2013.

Вариант 1.

Раздел 2. Чтение.

B 3. Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами А–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

  1. Track of your own steps

  2. Dangerous sports

  3. Space sports

  4. How to live longer

  5. Right time for sports

  6. No fast food

  7. Drink more

  8. Quick skater legs


A. The effect of exercise on sleep according to a study published in the February 1997 issue of “Sleep,” exercise enhanced the sleep quality of the older adult participants. Specifically, aerobic exercise can aid sleep by helping you doze off faster and sleep better. But another study, published in the June 2009 “Journal of Sleep and Sleep Disorders Research,” found that sleep didn’t improve with increased exercise. Workouts stimulate you and your metabolism, so avoid exercise right before bed. Consider body temperature as well. A cool body temperature helps to encourage sleep, so allow for a cool-down period well before bedtime. Late afternoon exercise is optimal.

B. Speed skating requires strength, precision, power and quickness. While some sports such as long-distance running require slow, steady muscle contraction, speed skating involves high-speed contractions that are considered explosive or power moves. To get speed skater legs, the Pittsburgh Speed Skating Club recommends a training program including power moves such as bounce jumps, broad jumps and jump thrust squats.


C. The U.S. Surgeon General recommends that healthy adults get 30 minutes of moderate exercise each day. By taking 10,000 steps every day, you can reach this level of activity. A pedometer is an excellent way to track your steps. It also helps establish a baseline for your normal activity level so you know how much more activity you need.

D. Once dieters decide to change their eating habits for weight loss purposes, many focus on solid foods alone. However, the amount of calories you ingest from drinks like soda, fruit juice and alcohol may be the true culprit for excess fat storage. Making simple changes to your beverage consumption habits may be the ticket to losing unwanted body fat. Good old-fashioned water is one of the best drinks to help you lose body fat. Not only is it usually free and helps cleanse toxins out of your body, but it may also help to boost your metabolism. You should drink at least six to eight glasses a day. Try adding a splash of lemon or lime to give it a zesty flavor.

E. Astronauts must maintain their physical fitness levels while they work aboard the International Space Station. Exterior equipment maintenance and repair may require \ъ

energy-sapping spacewalks; astronauts must also be prepared to execute physically taxing emergency landing operations aboard their transport vehicles. At the same time, astronauts lose bone and muscle mass while they live in a gravity-free environment. A well-structured exercise program provides the astronauts with the best chance to maintain physical readiness.

F. A 2007 study in the “Journal of the American Medical Association” found that people who exercise regularly live longer due to a number of factors. According to Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko head of the department of kinesiology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, individuals who are middle-aged have an average muscle mass loss of approximately 1 percent per year. Strength training offsets this muscle loss later in life, translating to fewer falls, which is among the leading causes of death in the elderly. A 2009 study in the “American Journal of Neuroradiology” found that older individuals who exercise at least 180 minutes per week for 10 consecutive years also have brain blood vessel activity similar to that of younger individuals, providing neurologic longevity.

G. On your journey to health and well-being, there may come a point when you cannot exercise. For example, you may need a workout break or suffer an illness or injury. Fortunately, while you are recovering, you can stay fit by avoiding the consumption of bad foods, like donuts and cheeseburgers. While this may sound easy, fast food restaurants are located on every corner and avoiding unhealthy foods is a challenge. However, not eating bad foods may help keep you in shape until you can hit that treadmill again.

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А7–А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1–True), какие не соответствуют (2–False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основания текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3–Not stated).

Vegetarian Pen Friend

Many people have found it very rewarding to correspond with fellow vegetarians and vegans in different parts of the world. You can exchange recipes, discuss issues, get some moral support or just learn about different lifestyles and cultures. To help you do this, the Vegetarian Society runs two pen friend lists for vegetarians: one for those who want to correspond by paper, and one for those who prefer e-mail.

There’s no charge for an entry on either list but you do need to be eighteen or over and a vegetarian, a vegan, or in the process of changing your diet to a vegetarian or vegan one.

To sign up to either list, fill in the relevant form, giving your name, address, age, stating how long you’ve been vegetarian for, and your interests and hobbies and whether you want to be included on the snail mail or email lists or both. You can also write in with these details if you prefer not to fill out the online form.

Please remember that these are pen friend lists, not a dating service. We reserve the right to refuse any entries meant to be inappropriate.

A 7 Vegetarians all over the world find it attractive to communicate with each other.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 8 As a pen friend you may find new information about dishes from other cultures.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 9 The Vegetarian Society corresponds with its pen friends by paper.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 10 You have to be more than twenty-two to become a member of the Vegetarian Society.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 11 The subscription form to the Vegetarian Society includes not only personal information.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 12 The subscription form is on line only.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 13 The Vegetarian Society is organized by vegetarians.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 14 The membership in the Vegetarian Society is strictly limited.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Раздел 3. Грамматика.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце предложений, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B12.

Where did basketball come from?

Basketball is now a major sport in the USA. Basketball B4 – (INVENT) by Dr. James Naismith at Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1891. Basketball is a game played between two teams of five players, in which each team tries to win points by throwing a ball through a net.

Basketball is a very spectator-oriented sport. It is the B5 – (THREE) most popular game in the USA. People enjoy both B 6 – (WATCH) and playing it.

Nowadays there B 7 – (BE) many basketball centers in B 8 – (CITY) and towns of every state. They do not often produce sportsmen or sportswomen who are successful in world basketball championships but they help young people to keep fit and look athletic.

Basketball B 9 – (PLAY) by men and women at all levels, from the professional level to high schools and clubs.

One of the B10 – (OLD) and the most famous basketball team is the Harlem Globetrotters, formed in 1926. It has a lot of fans in Canada, Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. But, of course, B 11 – (America) fans are the most enthusiastic ones.

This team B 12 – (ATTRACT) crowds of fans especially for final or championship matches. One can see photos of its members in newspapers and magazines all over the USA.

Лексика.

Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными
буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B10–B14 так, чтобы
они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию
B13–B18.

Emma opened the envelope and got the card from inside. What could it be? It was an B13 – (INVITE) to a New Year party in the local Jazz Club. It wasn't a B14 – (TRADITION) party for children with Santa Clause, Christmas Carols and reciting poems. There have been lots of parties of that kind in Emma's life. She B15 – (EXTREME) enjoyed them in her B16 - (CHILD), but they didn't attract her any more - now she found them very B17 – (BORE) .

A party in the Jazz Club sounded like a good plan. There was only one thing Emma worried about - what to wear for the event? Who could she ask for advice? Her elder sister worked as a shop B18 – (ASSIST) in the central department store. She probably could give her some idea of an outfit.

Раздел 4. Письмо другу.

С 1.You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Roy.

When travelling I really enjoy hostels. All necessary things are included: bathroom, shower, wardrobe; and you pay just 29 Euros for the room for four persons…

Which way of traveling do you prefer? … Do you like staying in hotels? … Do you have friends in other countries?

Write a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing















































Экзаменационный материал. 2013.

ВАРИАНТ 2.

Раздел 2. Чтение.

B 3.Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами А–G. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок

  1. Combine entertainment and shopping

  2. Money is not a problem

  3. Shopping and services

  4. Fashion for kids

  5. Britain’s special offer

  6. Best ways of shopping

  7. Art in shopping

  8. Eco Shopping

  1. One of London’s most high-profile eco shops, Eco Age was set up by siblings Nicola and Livia Giuggioli (Colin Firth’s wife). The shop in Chiswick stocks 1700 eco-friendly, fairly traded, recyclable and durable products including gifts, gadgets, fashion and furniture…

  2. Department stores are a London speciality. From Harrods to Harvey Nichols, Selfridges to Liberty, they are located across the city, stocking everything from footwear to furnishing and clothes to caviar. Most London department stores also have cafés, restaurants or bars – perfect when you need to recharge your batteries after an extended shopping session. Some even offer you the chance to unwind with a luxurious spa or beauty treatment. You’ll also find extensive cosmetics departments as well as bridal wear in the majority of larger stores.

  3. Theatre De La Mode is a dynamic fusion of paper sculpture and fashion. Theatre de la Mode has collaborated with paper sculptor Andrew MacGregor to create an exhibition of sculpture, dedicated to the jacket. Later in the week, Melanie Porter’s pop-up store will showcase the designer’s stunning new collection of unique, contemporary designed chairs. Sourcing chairs from across the UK at auctions and markets, Porter transforms these pieces of forgotten furniture into beautiful works of art. Porter undertakes everything from the restoration stage to the individual upholstery, producing a one-of-a-kind piece to treasure.

  4. There are many London food markets selling specialist and organic foodstuffs.
    So whether you’re searching for unusual ingredients, or just fancy treating yourself to some home-made delicacies, take a look at some at London’s best food markets. For example, the award-winning
    Borough Market is one of the largest food markets in the city, spreading under the railway arches at London Bridge. It’s a gourmet’s paradise, offering top quality produce and artisan foods from all over Britain and the continent.

  5. If you want your toddler to look as stylish as Suri Cruise and the Beckham boys, head to Selfridges where you can pick up your favourite designer clothes in miniature. Juicy Couture, Diesel, Ralph Lauren and Calvin Klein are just some of the top name brands available for little people in the famous Oxford Street store.

  6. Whether you’re looking to shop, dine, stroll, be entertained or experience some unique heritage, there’s plenty of things to do in London’s Covent Garden. At the heart of Covent Garden is the market with its quirky craft stalls, boutiques and restaurants. The central piazza has a thriving café culture and is buzzing with outlandish street entertainers and fun events all day, every day.

  7. London is a great place to shop for the latest fashions, even if you’re on a budget. London’s high streets are packed with fantastic shops where you can bag a cheap bargain. And if you’re after cut-price designer labels, London’s regular sales are well worth a visit. This low-budget brand is massively popular with dedicated followers of fashion. In terms of quality, you get what you pay for but it’s perfect for bargain fashion that you’re only planning to wear a couple of times. You’ll often find designer-inspired pieces appearing on the rails just weeks after their catwalk debut. Stock changes constantly, so if you see something you like, snap it up!



Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А7–А14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1–True), какие не соответствуют (2–False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основания текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3–Not stated).

Second Career

Jeff Statham: This is my car that I’ve had for years now, made in Canada. I worked in the automotive industry for about the last 12 or 13 years, a plant in Whitby. We produced the seats for the cars built here in Oshawa. Continuous layoffs - and eventually I got hit by them - and now I’m here. I’m currently in the Second Careers program here at Durham College. I’m in the law and security administration program and my ultimate goal is to become a police officer. It’s been great. I love the program.

Ted Dionne (Instructor, Durham College): It gives someone like Jeff an opportunity to do something that he may have wanted to do. He probably had it in the back of his mind that he wanted to do something different visualizing what you want to do in the future

Jeff Statham: I’ve wanted to go back to school for years but with shifts it’s hard to do. Money is not always there to do it, so, this Second Career does not only cover my schooling, it gives a perfect opportunity to make a career in the sphere I like most.

Jeanette Barrett (Second Career rep): The Second Career provides financial support to go back to school to do up to a 2-year program. Our Second Career advisor keeps in touch with them.

Jeff Statham: I’ve never really had report cards at work worthy of putting on the fridge, but at the end of my first semester I ended up on the dean’s list, so now my mother finally has a report card on her fridge.

John Milloy (Minister of Training, Colleges & Universities): For workers like Jeff, Second Career is ideal. We have a network of service providers throughout the province called Employment Ontario and they serve as an entry point for anyone who is looking for a job in the province. We work with them to find the best course of action.

Jeff Statham: We have two kids at home that we have to make sure get their homework done, so I’ll make sure I’ll get my homework done as well. Just being in school now I feel a hundred times better, so I’m really looking forward to whatever the future holds.

A 7 Jeff Statham has lost his job in the car industry.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 8 Jeff Statham has been studying to get a new profession.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 9 Jeff Statham finds the Second Career program difficult to cope with.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 10 The Second Career program gives a chance to take up a profession of a dream.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 11 Jeff Statham wanted to work at school.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 12 Jeff Statham can only cover the schooling program in the Second Career.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 13 One should have a financial support from his company to do in the Second Career.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A 14 Jeff Statham has turned out to be an A student.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Раздел 3. Грамматика.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце предложений, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B12.

I woke up but couldn't open my eyes. The curtains B4 - (CLOSE) and still the light seemed too bright. All my body hurt and I had a sore throat. I knew that it was warm in the room, but my B5 - (FOOT) felt as cold as ice. I looked at the clock - it was about nine o'clock. I B6 - (CAN) hear that mum was cooking Sunday breakfast. But I B7 – (NOT BE) hungry at all. I felt very thirsty and I wanted to stay in bed for the rest of the day.


"Why are you still in bed?" Mum entered the room and opened the curtains.

"We B8 - (WAIT) for you in the kitchen. I just B9 - (SERVE) breakfast".
"Sorry, mum, but I'd better stay in bed. And could you bring me some tea?"
Mum came up to me and
B10 - (TAKE) my temperature.

"OK, in a minute I’ll bring you hot lemon tea. You can have it here. It'll make you feel B11 – (good)’’

She left the room. I was thinking about how silly of B 12 – (I) it was to fall ill on Sunday, the only day in a week when I didn’t have to go to school.

Лексика.

Прочитайте текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными
буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B10–B14 так, чтобы
они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию
B13–B18.

Looking after the environment

Protecting the environment is now a major concern in Britain. But despite many efforts B 13 – (DIFFER) threats to the environment remain.

Unfortunately, there have been many cases of environmental B 14 – (POLLUTE) in Britain.

These include the dumping of B 15 – (POISON) chemicals and other waste on the land, the emission into the air of smoke and other toxic substances from factories, and the discharge of industrial effluents into rivers.

The British have earned the unsavoury reputation of being Europe’s ‘litter louts’. Although there are a lot of litter bins in most towns and public places, many people B 16 – (SIMPLE) drop unwanted cans, wrappers etc on the ground.

Many people regard environmental issues to be of social importance and make B 17 – (POLITICS) pay greater attention to their “green” policies.

The Department of the Environment works with the support of a number of voluntary B 18 – (ORGANIZE) which encourage young people to fight for a better environment. The success of the environmental movement often depends on people between 18 and 30, statistics say.

Раздел 4. Письмо другу.

С 1.You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Dan.

We are a big family of six. We spend most weekends together traveling in the country, walking in the park, going to the local dance club. But there are so few places where you can have a good time together with a family…

Which way of spending time do you prefer? … Do you like going to the cinema? … Do you spend time with your family?

Write a letter to him and answer his 3 questions.

Write 100–120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.



Автор
Дата добавления 01.12.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров56
Номер материала ДБ-407499
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