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Тренировочные задания по грамматике ЕГЭ


ЕГЭ Грамматика и лексика (Задания В4-В10)

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.

Задание 1.1 A Practical Joke

Mr and Mrs Parker were having a quiet day at home. Their 18-year-old daughter was away in Wales

B4 STAY with a friend. Suddenly the phone B5 RING . A hoarse voice told Mr Parker that his daughter

B6 KIDNAP and that he had to pay a ransom of $ 2,000. He was also warned that if he B7 NOT PAY , he would never see his daughter again. The voice then gave him instructions about where and when to hand over the money. Mr Parker took the B8 ONE train to Wales. He went to the hotel and gave the briefcase with the money to a woman in a scarf and a raincoat. At 11 p.m. the same evening, to his great relief, his daughter came back home. She looked B9 HAPPY than ever and could hardly stop herself from laughing when she handed him his briefcase with $ 2,000. It turned out that she and her friend B10 DECIDE to play a practical joke.

Задание 1.2 Tricks on April Fool’s Day

In 1698, a number of Londoners received invitations to see the lions washed in the Thames. It happened on April Fool’s Day. However, the same trick B4 REPEAT in 1860, and again a lot of curious Londoners came to enjoy the lions washed. In 1957 BBC Television played an even B5 HILARIOUS joke on its viewers. It showed a film about a spaghetti crop B6 GROW in Southern Switzerland. While agricultural workers B7 PICK

long strands of spaghetti from bushes, the presenter of the film commented on the uniform length of the spaghetti and on the successful cultivation of “these vegetables”. After the programme had finished, there B8 BE a lot of calls from curious TV viewers. Obviously, those people B9 NOT UNDERSTAND the joke. They wanted to know where they B10 CAN buy spaghetti bushes.

Задание 1.3 Street Styles

Many people, especially young people, wear things which express their ideas and feelings about life. If a boy B4 HAVE very short, almost shaven hair, people expect him to have right wing politics. But boys with very long hair B5 THINK to have left wing politics. A boy who wears a leather jacket B6 COVER in bits of metal will probably ride a motorbike. The rules of fashion are not as rigid as they once were and today’s teenagers B7 NOT FOLLOW any particular trend at all. But teens are very influenced by B8 CELEBRITY and they have a desire to buy more luxurious items. Street styles B9 NOT CREATE by the big fashion designers. In fact, the fashion designers often use ideas from street fashion. But some leaders of British fashion have enough ideas of their own. One of them is Jean Muir, whose designs let her be one of the B10 GOOD designers.

Задание 1.4 The National Health Service in GB

The NHS (the national health service) in GB B4 ORGANIZE centrally and medical insurance is compulsory. There are a number of private medical insurance schemes in the country. These days such schemes B5 BECOME increasingly popular as being more convenient. The modern B6 DIFFICULTY of the NHS are the same as those faced by equivalent systems in other countries. The number of old people needing medical care B7 GROW dramatically since 1998. But the country spends B8 LITTLE money per person on health care than any other country in the western world. One possible reason for this is the way that GPs B9 PAY . The money which they get from the government B10 NOT DEPEND on the number of consultations they perform, it depends on the number of registered patients.

Задание 1.5 What Can Computers Do?

Computers and microchips B4 BECOME part of our everyday lives. We read magazines which B5 PRODUCE on computer, we buy things with the help of computers, we pay bills prepared by computers. Just B6 DIAL a phone number involves the use of a sophisticated computer system. In the past, life without computers was much B7 DIFFICULT than it is today. The first computers were able to multiply long numbers, but they B8 NOT CAN do anything else. Nobody B9 BELIEVE stories about robots and space travel, but now computers are able to do almost all difficult jobs. What makes your computer such a miraculous device? It is a personal communicator that B10 ENABLE you to interact with other computers and with people around the world. And you can even use your PC to relax with computer games.

Задание 1.6 A Strange Visitor

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