Министерство образования Нижегородской области
ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ
СРЕДНЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
«НИЖЕГОРОДСКИЙ АВТОТРАНСПОРТНЫЙ ТЕХНИКУМ»
(ГБОУ СПО НАТТ)
ТО ремонт автомобильного транспорта
Организация перевозок и управление на транспорте
Нижний Новгород 2014
Составитель: Дубкова О.В., преподаватель
Рассмотрено на заседании предметной
(цикловой комиссии) комиссии языков и литературы
Председатель____________________________ Н.С. Бобкова
Основной целью пособия является развитие навыков устной речи, а также чтения и перевода специальной литературы в рамках профессиональной деятельности.
Материал пособия охватывают целый спектр тем: внешний вид автомобиля, внутренне устройство, техническое обслуживание автомобиля.
Разделы представляет собой комплекс коммуникативно-ориентированных упражнений, текстов с вопросами для последующего обсуждения, диалогов, а также фотографий и иллюстраций, которые помогут овладеть профессиональной лексикой. В пособие также включены ролевые ситуации, способствующие развитию коммуникативной компетенции и предназначенные для реализации полученных знаний в будущей профессиональной деятельности.
Приложение включает в себя словарь технических терминов.
Пособие можно использовать как для аудиторной, так и для самостоятельной работы.
Материал пособия позволяет студентам и преподавателям использовать его дифференцированно в зависимости от уровня подготовки.
THE EXTERIOR OF THE CAR
THE FUNCTION OF MAIN CAR PARTS.
The exterior of the car provides it the outer view and style according to the choice of the driver.
The design of the exterior is very important, form and function must be in perfect harmony from emblem to rear bumper.
It (front or rear) protects the car in case an accident.
When you drive in the dark, it is necessary to use the headlights. The headlights are at the front, the rear lights are at the back. When you overtake the nearest car or turn to the right or to the left, you should switch on indicator lights (signal lights).
It covers the vehicle engine and other car parts.
It provides the driver with the view of the road (front and side).
They are in work rainy, snowy, foggy weather, when the front window is covered with water or show. The wipers clean the window. In modern cars they are electrically operated.
It provides (gives) the driver good clear vision of the road behind. Looking at this mirror, the driver starts movement. The exterior mirrors are often in oval design, heated and electrically adjustable.
The place, where the driver and passengers carry their luggage (suitcases, parcels, boxes), is called the boot. The boot is measured in liters; the capacity is shown in the vehicle SPECIFICATION. In the vehicle the number of the doors depends on the type of the body: 2-door, 3-door, 4-door, 5-door, 6-door, are in use at present. Door capacity is included in the SPECIFICATION.
You can open and close the windows by pressing the buttons (different switches). They are electrically regulated (power windows).
The doors are opened and closed with the help of the handle.
It is placed at the front and at the rear of each car. The plate, given the car in the police, is compulsory for every motor. It must be in order, clean all the time.
Emblem (badge) is a symbol of the firm. Each firm has its own emblem.
It protects people from rain and sunshine.
It is used to receive radio signals.
Wheels make possible for the car to run.
Tyres prevent shaking and jolting and make driving smooth.
It prevents mud from getting onto the outer parts of car.
Will you learn the dialogue?
AT PETROL STATION.
What can I do for you?
Will you wash the windshield, please?
It is dirty after heavy rain.
Okay. Should I check the tires?
Please, do. I have run out of petrol.
Fill it up, pleas.
Thank you. How much do I owe you?
15 dollars even
Label the parts of the car.
bonnet • front bumper • headlight • indicator • petrol cap / flap • roof •
sill • sunroof • tyre • wheel arch • wheel trim • logo • windscreen • windscreen wiper • wing
aerial • badge • boot • door • door handle • exhaust pipe • number plate •
rear bumper • rear window • wing mirror • side window • rear light
Complete the sentences with words from exercise 1.
You open the bonnet to look at the engine.
The ________ absorbs small impacts in an accident.
Don't forget to retract the _______before using the car wash.
Can you put my suitcases in the _________, please?
When it starts raining, you need to switch on the _________.
“What model is that?” “1 don't know, I can't see the _________
It is important to inflate the _________ to the correct pressure
for better fuel consumption.
The Mercedes star is a well-known _________ .
Open the __________ and let some sun and fresh air into the car.
I wish all drivers would use their _________ when they want to
turn right or left!
Read the descriptions of different car parts and say what they are called.
This shows the registration of your car.
These show motorists behind you whether you are slowing down
You need to open this first so you can fill the tank.
You need to adjust this so you can see the traffic.
The exhaust gases from the engine come out of this.
Do you know the names for the parts of a car? See if you can
match up these names and descriptions
A a band of rubber over the wheel
B an instrument to measure speed
С a mechanism for reducing speed and stopping
D a wheel used to guide a car
5. exhaust pipe
E a device used to increase speed
6. steering wheel
F a protective metal bar at front and back of the car
G a place for luggage at the back of the car
H an outlet to allow carbon monoxide gas to escape
I a cover for engine
Fill in the gaps with the words given below:
He couldn’t see anything through the ____________ due to heavy fog.
The __________ sometimes slow the car, but not always.
She stopped the car and pulled on the ___________.
The spare tire is in the __________.
Suddenly, a figure appeared in my ________________.
Our driver rolled up his window and backed away (сдать назад),
slightly tapping the front ____________ of the car behind.
I'll need to check under the ___________.
8 Match the British words with their American equivalents.
British: 1. accumulator 2. bonnet 3. boot 4. estate 5. gearbox 6. lorry 7. petrol 8. saloon 9. tyre 10. indicators 11 wing 12. windscreen
American: a. battery b. fender c. hood d. windshield e. trunk f. truck g.
station wagon h. tire i. transmission j. 2 or 4 door sedan k. gasoline l.turn signals
Find the right variant.
1. You see the road through it.
a. head lights b. sun roof c. windscreen. d. rear mirror
e. wheel trim
2. If the road is bumpy, these help to dampen the bumps.
a. fenders b. bonnet c. steering wheel d. indicators
3. If you want to turn left or right, you put these on.
a. headlights b. turn indicators c. hood d. steering wheel e. sill
4. This is where you put the shopping.
a. exhaust pipe b. wheel arch c. the bonnet d. trunk e. roof
5. You use this to go round a corner.
a. the hand brake b. the steering wheel c. the spare wheel d. the tyre
THE INTERIOR OF THE CAR
Label the parts of the car.
accelerator ● air vent ● airbag ● ashtray ● brake pedal ● car seat
(headrest) ● cigarette lighter ● clutch pedal ● cup holder ● dashboard ●
door handle ● door tray ● gear stick ● glove compartment ● handbrake
● rear- view mirror ● seat belt ● steering wheel ● sun visor
Complete the sentences with words from 1
1. It’s so practical to have a _____ near the steering wheel. I can take a
drink whenever I want.
2. In a car with manual transmission, you need to press the _____
when you want to change gear.
3. There’s usually a cosmetic mirror on the passenger’s _____.
4. I have a leather _____. It’s not so cold for my hands in the winter and
it gives you a good grip.
5. It’s against the law to phone while driving so I’ve ordered a car with a
6. Could you have a look in this road atlas? It’s in the _____.
7. I don’t need a _____ as I don’t smoke and I don’t want anyone to
smoke in my car.
8. Could you close the _____? I’m getting a draught.
Find the right variant.
1. When you want to go faster, you press this.
a. brake pedal b. clutch c. gearbox d. accelerator e. carburetor
2. You turn these on when it is dark so you can see the road.
a. rear-view mirror b. headlights c. rear light d. sun visor
e. cigarette light
3. Whenever you want to shift up or down, you press this down.
a. gearbox b. gas c. accelerator d. clutch pedal e. brake pedal
4. This cools down your engine.
a. pump b. battery c. ignition d. fuel gauge e. radiator
5. You need this to stop.
a. the accelerator b. the brake c. the clutch d. gear shift
6. Here you keep your maps, cassettes and old parking tickets.
a. the gear box b. the glove compartment c. the boot d. door handle
7. The engine is under is here.
a. the bonnet b. the driver's seat c. the glove tray d. boot
8. This is the pedal you press to change gear.
a. the accelerator b. the brake c. the clutch d. hood
Complete the puzzle. The answers are all words from this unit.
1.You put your cigarette here when it’s finished.
3.The instruments are on this.
5.This is the middle pedal in a car.
8.This stops the sun from shining into your eyes. (2 words)
9. You use this to change gear
2.This protects your head and neck in an accident.
4.You operate this when you park your car to stop it from moving.
6.You can put your maps and documents in the ... compartment.
8.You look in the rear-view ... to check the traffic behind you.
CLUTCH (FOOT) PEDAL
НОЖНАЯ ПЕДАЛЬ СЦЕПЛЕНИЯ
CRANKING MOYOR (SYN; STARTER)
ПЕРЕДНИЙ ЩИТОК (АВТОМОБИЛЯ)
ШАССИ, РАМА (АВТОМОБИЛЯ)
ТОПЛИВНЫЙ НАСОС, БЕНЗОНАСОС
ТОПЛИВНЫЙ БАК, БЕНЗОБАК
GASOLINE (SYN, BRIT. PETROL)
ИНДИКАТОР, ИЗМЕРИТЕЛЬНЫЙ ПРИБОР
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE (I.C. ENGINE)
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ ВНУТРЕННЕГО СГОРАНИЯ
HEAD OF THE CYLINDER
STROKE OF THE PISTON
Basically, the automobile consists of four components:
The framework or support for the engine and wheels.
The power train or mechanism that transmits the power from the engine to the wheels.
To these may be added a fifth component the car-body accessories: the heater, radio and other devices that contribute to the convenience and comfort of the driver.
The engine is the sources of power that makes the wheels go around and the car move. It is usually referred to as an internal combustion engine because gasoline is burned within its cylinders, or combustion chambers. Most automobile engines have six or eight cylinders, although some four-, twelve-, and sixteen-cylinders engines are in use.
The fuel system. The fuel system is designed:
To store liquid gasoline.
To deliver it to the engine cylinders in the form of vapor mixed with air
It consists of:
A fuel tank in which the gasoline is stored.
.A fuel line, through which the gasoline can be brought from the tank to the engine.
A fuel pump, which pulls the gasoline through the fuel line.
A carburetor, which mixes the gasoline with air.
The electric current performs several jobs on the car.
It cranks the engine.
It furnishes electric sparks at the spark plugs that ignite the compressed mixture in the cylinders.
It operates the radio and heater motor.
It supplies light for night driving.
It operates gauges on the dash of the car that indicate charging rate, oil pressure, engine temperature and amount of fuel in the tank.
Lights, radio, heater, indicating gauges and other electrically operated devices are usually considered as accessory devices, since they are not absolutely necessary to the operation of the car.
translate: fuel system
b)Write missing word:
A full set of instrument is provided in a carefully considered layout:
SPEEDOMEETER DASH BATTERY
FUEL GAUGE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE WATER
The function of speedometer is to show the speed of the moving car.
The function of fuel gauge is to show the amount of liquid fuel in the gasoline tank.
Water temperature device is designed to indicate the temperature of water- jacket around the cylinder and its head.
Battery discharge lamp is designed to show the charging rate of the accumulator.
The function of oil pressure device is to indicate the pressure of oil inside of oil system of the engine.
Tachometer is constructed to show the number of revolutions of crank shaft in the engine.
Usually the dash has a stylish black plastic look. It is convenient and neat, ensures safe driving.
Power train. The power that the engine develops must be transmitted to the car wheels, so that the wheels will rotate and cause the car to move. The power train performs this job providing in the process several different gear ratios between the engine crankshaft and wheels, so that the crankshaft may rotate approximately four, eight, or twelve times to cause the wheels to rotate once. The power train consists of a series of gears and shafts, which mechanically connect the engine shafts with the car wheels, and contains a clutch transmission or change gears, a propeller shaft and the final drive.
Clutch. The clutch permits the driver to connect the crankshaft to, or disconnect it from, the power train. Its main part is a friction disk pressed tightly by springs to the smooth face of the engine flywheel. The flywheel is attached to the end of the engine crankshaft and when the clutch is engaged the friction disk is held against the flywheel so that it revolves with the flywheel. When the clutch foot pedal is depressed the friction disk moves away from the flywheel face and stops revolving; when the foot pressure on the clutch pedal is removed, the springs again force the friction disk against the flywheel face, so that it once more rotates with the flywheel. The rotary motion is transmitted through the clutch and clutch shaft to the transmission gears and from there through the propeller shaft and the final drive on to the rear wheels.
Transmission. The transmission or change gears provide a means of varying the gear ratios of the engine crankshaft and the wheels. There are three main gear positions in the automobile transmission: low gear, second gear, and high gear. Thus the engine crankshaft may turn four, eight or twelve times for each wheel revolution (approximately).In addition; a reverse gear is provided that permits backing the car.
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