Добавить материал и получить бесплатное свидетельство о публикации в СМИ
Эл. №ФС77-60625 от 20.01.2015
Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Учебное пособие для аудиторных занятий со студентами 3-4 курсов

Учебное пособие для аудиторных занятий со студентами 3-4 курсов

Международный конкурс по математике «Поверь в себя»

для учеников 1-11 классов и дошкольников с ЛЮБЫМ уровнем знаний

Задания конкурса по математике «Поверь в себя» разработаны таким образом, чтобы каждый ученик вне зависимости от уровня подготовки смог проявить себя.

К ОПЛАТЕ ЗА ОДНОГО УЧЕНИКА: ВСЕГО 28 РУБ.

Конкурс проходит полностью дистанционно. Это значит, что ребенок сам решает задания, сидя за своим домашним компьютером (по желанию учителя дети могут решать задания и организованно в компьютерном классе).

Подробнее о конкурсе - https://urokimatematiki.ru/


Идёт приём заявок на самые массовые международные олимпиады проекта "Инфоурок"

Для учителей мы подготовили самые привлекательные условия в русскоязычном интернете:

1. Бесплатные наградные документы с указанием данных образовательной Лицензии и Свидeтельства СМИ;
2. Призовой фонд 1.500.000 рублей для самых активных учителей;
3. До 100 рублей за одного ученика остаётся у учителя (при орг.взносе 150 рублей);
4. Бесплатные путёвки в Турцию (на двоих, всё включено) - розыгрыш среди активных учителей;
5. Бесплатная подписка на месяц на видеоуроки от "Инфоурок" - активным учителям;
6. Благодарность учителю будет выслана на адрес руководителя школы.

Подайте заявку на олимпиаду сейчас - https://infourok.ru/konkurs

  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

hello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifhello_html_m2a7690f7.gifМинистерство образования Нижегородской области


ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

СРЕДНЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«НИЖЕГОРОДСКИЙ АВТОТРАНСПОРТНЫЙ ТЕХНИКУМ»

(ГБОУ СПО НАТТ)
















УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Для аудиторных занятий со студентами

Специальностей :

ТО ремонт автомобильного транспорта

Организация перевозок и управление на транспорте





















Нижний Новгород 2014





Составитель: Дубкова О.В., преподаватель

Рассмотрено на заседании предметной

(цикловой комиссии) комиссии языков и литературы

Протокол от________________№______________

Председатель____________________________ Н.С. Бобкова
































ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ


Основной целью пособия является развитие навыков устной речи, а также чтения и перевода специальной литературы в рамках профессиональной деятельности.

Материал пособия охватывают целый спектр тем: внешний вид автомобиля, внутренне устройство, техническое обслуживание автомобиля.

Разделы представляет собой комплекс коммуникативно-ориентированных упражнений, текстов с вопросами для последующего обсуждения, диалогов, а также фотографий и иллюстраций, которые помогут овладеть профессиональной лексикой. В пособие также включены ролевые ситуации, способствующие развитию коммуникативной компетенции и предназначенные для реализации полученных знаний в будущей профессиональной деятельности.

Приложение включает в себя словарь технических терминов.

Пособие можно использовать как для аудиторной, так и для самостоятельной работы.

Материал пособия позволяет студентам и преподавателям использовать его дифференцированно в зависимости от уровня подготовки.



UNIT 1


THE EXTERIOR OF THE CAR


THE FUNCTION OF MAIN CAR PARTS.


The exterior of the car provides it the outer view and style according to the choice of the driver.

The design of the exterior is very important, form and function must be in perfect harmony from emblem to rear bumper.


  • It (front or rear) protects the car in case an accident.

  • When you drive in the dark, it is necessary to use the headlights. The headlights are at the front, the rear lights are at the back. When you overtake the nearest car or turn to the right or to the left, you should switch on indicator lights (signal lights).

  • It covers the vehicle engine and other car parts.

  • It provides the driver with the view of the road (front and side).

  • They are in work rainy, snowy, foggy weather, when the front window is covered with water or show. The wipers clean the window. In modern cars they are electrically operated.

  • It provides (gives) the driver good clear vision of the road behind. Looking at this mirror, the driver starts movement. The exterior mirrors are often in oval design, heated and electrically adjustable.

  • The place, where the driver and passengers carry their luggage (suitcases, parcels, boxes), is called the boot. The boot is measured in liters; the capacity is shown in the vehicle SPECIFICATION. In the vehicle the number of the doors depends on the type of the body: 2-door, 3-door, 4-door, 5-door, 6-door, are in use at present. Door capacity is included in the SPECIFICATION.

  • You can open and close the windows by pressing the buttons (different switches). They are electrically regulated (power windows).

  • The doors are opened and closed with the help of the handle.

  • It is placed at the front and at the rear of each car. The plate, given the car in the police, is compulsory for every motor. It must be in order, clean all the time.

  • Emblem (badge) is a symbol of the firm. Each firm has its own emblem.

  • It protects people from rain and sunshine.

  • It is used to receive radio signals.

  • Wheels make possible for the car to run.

  • Tyres prevent shaking and jolting and make driving smooth.

  • It prevents mud from getting onto the outer parts of car.


Will you learn the dialogue?


http://im0-tub-ru.yandex.net/i?id=923d47ea81dd034ff96a1ae593d9fcf0-65-144&n=21





AT PETROL STATION.

  1. What can I do for you?

  2. Will you wash the windshield, please?

It is dirty after heavy rain.

  1. Okay. Should I check the tires?

  2. Please, do. I have run out of petrol.

Fill it up, pleas.

  1. Anything else?

  2. Thank you. How much do I owe you?

  1. 15 dollars even


Label the parts of the car.



hello_html_m46bca7f4.gif





bonnet • front bumper • headlight • indicator • petrol cap / flap • roof •

sill • sunroof • tyre • wheel arch • wheel trim • logo • windscreen • windscreen wiper • wing

hello_html_m180a02.gif

aerial • badge • boot • door • door handle • exhaust pipe • number plate •

rear bumper • rear window • wing mirror • side window • rear light

Complete the sentences with words from exercise 1.

  1. You open the bonnet to look at the engine.

  2. The ________ absorbs small impacts in an accident.

  3. Don't forget to retract the _______before using the car wash.

  4. Can you put my suitcases in the _________, please?

  5. When it starts raining, you need to switch on the _________.

  6. What model is that?” “1 don't know, I can't see the _________

from here.”

  1. It is important to inflate the _________ to the correct pressure

for better fuel consumption.

  1. The Mercedes star is a well-known _________ .

  2. Open the __________ and let some sun and fresh air into the car.

  3. I wish all drivers would use their _________ when they want to

turn right or left!


Read the descriptions of different car parts and say what they are called.

  1. This shows the registration of your car.

  2. These show motorists behind you whether you are slowing down

or stopping.

  1. You need to open this first so you can fill the tank.

  2. You need to adjust this so you can see the traffic.

  3. The exhaust gases from the engine come out of this.


Do you know the names for the parts of a car? See if you can

match up these names and descriptions

1. windscreen

A a band of rubber over the wheel

2. accelerator

B an instrument to measure speed

3. brake

С a mechanism for reducing speed and stopping

4. speedometer

D a wheel used to guide a car

5. exhaust pipe

E a device used to increase speed

6. steering wheel

F a protective metal bar at front and back of the car

7. boot

G a place for luggage at the back of the car

8. bonnet

H an outlet to allow carbon monoxide gas to escape

9. bumper

I a cover for engine


Fill in the gaps with the words given below:

Windscreen • bonnet • brakes • bumper • handbrake • boot •

rear-view mirror

  1. He couldn’t see anything through the ____________ due to heavy fog.

  2. The __________ sometimes slow the car, but not always.

  3. She stopped the car and pulled on the ___________.

  4. The spare tire is in the __________.

  5. Suddenly, a figure appeared in my ________________.

  6. Our driver rolled up his window and backed away (сдать назад),

slightly tapping the front ____________ of the car behind.

  1. I'll need to check under the ___________.

8 Match the British words with their American equivalents.


British: 1. accumulator 2. bonnet 3. boot 4. estate 5. gearbox 6. lorry 7. petrol 8. saloon 9. tyre 10. indicators 11 wing 12. windscreen

American: a. battery b. fender c. hood d. windshield e. trunk f. truck g.

station wagon h. tire i. transmission j. 2 or 4 door sedan k. gasoline l.turn signals


Find the right variant.

1. You see the road through it.

a. head lights b. sun roof c. windscreen. d. rear mirror

e. wheel trim

2. If the road is bumpy, these help to dampen the bumps.

a. fenders b. bonnet c. steering wheel d. indicators

e. bumpers

3. If you want to turn left or right, you put these on.

a. headlights b. turn indicators c. hood d. steering wheel e. sill

4. This is where you put the shopping.

a. exhaust pipe b. wheel arch c. the bonnet d. trunk e. roof

5. You use this to go round a corner.

a. the hand brake b. the steering wheel c. the spare wheel d. the tyre




UNIT 2

THE INTERIOR OF THE CAR


Label the parts of the car.

accelerator ● air vent ● airbag ● ashtray ● brake pedal ● car seat

(headrest) ● cigarette lighter ● clutch pedal ● cup holder ● dashboard ●

door handle ● door tray ● gear stick ● glove compartment ● handbrake

rear- view mirror ● seat belt ● steering wheel ● sun visor


hello_html_m368683bf.png


Complete the sentences with words from 1

1. It’s so practical to have a _____ near the steering wheel. I can take a

drink whenever I want.

2. In a car with manual transmission, you need to press the _____

when you want to change gear.

3. There’s usually a cosmetic mirror on the passenger’s _____.

4. I have a leather _____. It’s not so cold for my hands in the winter and

it gives you a good grip.

5. It’s against the law to phone while driving so I’ve ordered a car with a

_____.

6. Could you have a look in this road atlas? It’s in the _____.

7. I don’t need a _____ as I don’t smoke and I don’t want anyone to

smoke in my car.

8. Could you close the _____? I’m getting a draught.


Find the right variant.

1. When you want to go faster, you press this.

a. brake pedal b. clutch c. gearbox d. accelerator e. carburetor

2. You turn these on when it is dark so you can see the road.

a. rear-view mirror b. headlights c. rear light d. sun visor

e. cigarette light

3. Whenever you want to shift up or down, you press this down.

a. gearbox b. gas c. accelerator d. clutch pedal e. brake pedal

4. This cools down your engine.

a. pump b. battery c. ignition d. fuel gauge e. radiator

5. You need this to stop.

a. the accelerator b. the brake c. the clutch d. gear shift

6. Here you keep your maps, cassettes and old parking tickets.

a. the gear box b. the glove compartment c. the boot d. door handle

7. The engine is under is here.

a. the bonnet b. the driver's seat c. the glove tray d. boot

8. This is the pedal you press to change gear.

a. the accelerator b. the brake c. the clutch d. hood


Complete the puzzle. The answers are all words from this unit.

Across

1.You put your cigarette here when it’s finished.

3.The instruments are on this.

5.This is the middle pedal in a car.

8.This stops the sun from shining into your eyes. (2 words)

9. You use this to change gear

hello_html_39bb68ac.png

Down

2.This protects your head and neck in an accident.

4.You operate this when you park your car to stop it from moving.

6.You can put your maps and documents in the ... compartment.

8.You look in the rear-view ... to check the traffic behind you.



GLOSSARY


English

Russian

ACCESSORIES

ВСПОМОГАТЕЛЬНЫЕ АГРЕГАТЫ

BODY

КУЗОВ

CARBURETTOR

КАРБЮРАТОР

CHARGING RATE

ВЕЛИЧИНА ЗАРЯДА

CLUTCH

СЦЕПЛЕНИЕ

CLUTCH (FOOT) PEDAL

НОЖНАЯ ПЕДАЛЬ СЦЕПЛЕНИЯ

COMBUSTION CHAMBER

КАМЕРА СГОРАНИЯ

CRANKING MOYOR (SYN; STARTER)

СТАРТЕР

CYLINDER

ЦИЛИНДР

DASH

ПЕРЕДНИЙ ЩИТОК (АВТОМОБИЛЯ)

DISTRIBUTOR

РАСПРЕДЕЛИТЕЛЬ

ENGINE

ДВИГАТЕЛЬ, МОТОР

FACE

ПОВЕРХНОСТЬ

FINAL DRIVE

ГЛАВНАЯ ПЕРЕДАЧА

FLYWHEEL

МАХОВИК

FRAMEWORK (SYN,CHASSIS)

ШАССИ, РАМА (АВТОМОБИЛЯ)

FRICTION DISK

ФРИКЦИОННЫЙ ДИСК

FUEL LINE

ТОПЛИВОПРОВОД, БЕНЗОПРОВОД

FUEL PUMP

ТОПЛИВНЫЙ НАСОС, БЕНЗОНАСОС

FUEL SYSTEM

СИСТЕМА ПИТАНИЯ

FUEL TANK

ТОПЛИВНЫЙ БАК, БЕНЗОБАК

GASOLINE (SYN, BRIT. PETROL)

БЕНЗИН

GAUG (INDICATING)

ИНДИКАТОР, ИЗМЕРИТЕЛЬНЫЙ ПРИБОР

GEAR RATIO

ПЕРЕДАТОЧНОЕ ЧИСЛО

GENERATOR

ГЕНЕРАТОР

HEATER

ОТОПИТЕЛЬ

HIGH GEAR

ТРЕТЬЯ ПЕРЕДАЧА

(ВЫСШАЯ ПЕРЕДАЧА)

IGNITION

ЗАЖИГАНИЕ

IGNITION COIL

КАТУШКА ЗАЖИГАНИЯ

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE (I.C. ENGINE)

ДВИГАТЕЛЬ ВНУТРЕННЕГО СГОРАНИЯ

ADMISSION (INLET)

ВПУСК

BORE

ДИАМЕТР

CAMSHAFT

РАСПРЕДЕЛИТЕЛЬНЫЙ ВАЛ

COMBUSTION

СГОРАНИЕ

COMPRESSION

СЖАТИЕ

CONNECTING ROD

ШАТУН

CRANKSHAFT

КОЛЕНЧАТЫЙ ВАЛ

CYLINDER

ЦИЛИНДР

DISPLACEMENT

ОБЪЕМ

EXHAUST

ВЫПУСК

EXHAUST PIPE

ВЫПУСКНОЙ КОЛЛЕКТОР

EXHAUST VALVE

ВЫПУСКНОЙ КЛАПАН

EXPULSION

ВЫБРОС

FUEL

ТОПЛИВО

HEAD OF THE CYLINDER

ГОЛОВКА ЦИЛИНДРА

IGNITION

ЗАЖИГАНИЯ

INLET PIPE

ВПУСКНОЙ КОЛЛЕКТОР

INLET VALVE

ВПУСКНОЙ КЛАПАН

LIQUID

ЖИДКИЙ

PISTON

ПОРШЕНЬ

PLACEMENT

РАСПОЛОЖЕНИЕ

POWER

МОЩНОСТЬ

POWER STROKE

РАБОЧИЙ ХОД

REVOLUTION

ОБОРОТ

SPARKING PLUG

СВЕЧА ЗАЖИГАНИЯ

STROKE OF THE PISTON

ХОД ПОРШНЯ

TO INVENT

ИЗОБРЕТАТЬ

TO PERFOM

ВЫПОЛНЯТЬ

TO PROPEL

ВРАЩАТЬ

TORQUE

КРУТЯЩИЙ МОМЕНТ

WATER JACKET

РУБАШКА ОХЛАЖДЕНИЯ


VEHICLE DESIGN


1. Vehicle


ENGINE

BODY


VENICLE


POWER

TRAIN

FRAMEWORK



Basically, the automobile consists of four components:

  1. The engine

  2. The framework or support for the engine and wheels.

  3. The power train or mechanism that transmits the power from the engine to the wheels.

  4. The body

To these may be added a fifth component the car-body accessories: the heater, radio and other devices that contribute to the convenience and comfort of the driver.


THE ENGINE

The engine is the sources of power that makes the wheels go around and the car move. It is usually referred to as an internal combustion engine because gasoline is burned within its cylinders, or combustion chambers. Most automobile engines have six or eight cylinders, although some four-, twelve-, and sixteen-cylinders engines are in use.


FUEL SYSTEM

hello_html_3e2f9b9f.gif


The fuel system. The fuel system is designed:

  1. To store liquid gasoline.

  2. To deliver it to the engine cylinders in the form of vapor mixed with air


It consists of:

  1. A fuel tank in which the gasoline is stored.

  2. .A fuel line, through which the gasoline can be brought from the tank to the engine.

  3. A fuel pump, which pulls the gasoline through the fuel line.

  4. A carburetor, which mixes the gasoline with air.



ELECTRIC SYSTEM

hello_html_343546e1.gif

ELECTRIC SYSTEM


The electric current performs several jobs on the car.

  1. It cranks the engine.

  2. It furnishes electric sparks at the spark plugs that ignite the compressed mixture in the cylinders.

  3. It operates the radio and heater motor.

  4. It supplies light for night driving.

  5. It operates gauges on the dash of the car that indicate charging rate, oil pressure, engine temperature and amount of fuel in the tank.

Lights, radio, heater, indicating gauges and other electrically operated devices are usually considered as accessory devices, since they are not absolutely necessary to the operation of the car.


3. Practice

  1. translate: fuel system

electric system

the engine

vehicle

b)Write missing word:

hello_html_m8705412.gifhello_html_2ccd1c17.gif

hello_html_57020a45.gif


DASH (KEYBOARD)


A full set of instrument is provided in a carefully considered layout:


TACHO METER

SPEEDOMEETER DASH BATTERY

DISCHARGE LAMP

FUEL GAUGE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE WATER

TEМPERATURE

GAUGE


  1. The function of speedometer is to show the speed of the moving car.

  2. The function of fuel gauge is to show the amount of liquid fuel in the gasoline tank.

  3. Water temperature device is designed to indicate the temperature of water- jacket around the cylinder and its head.

  4. Battery discharge lamp is designed to show the charging rate of the accumulator.

  5. The function of oil pressure device is to indicate the pressure of oil inside of oil system of the engine.

  6. Tachometer is constructed to show the number of revolutions of crank shaft in the engine.


Usually the dash has a stylish black plastic look. It is convenient and neat, ensures safe driving.



Vehicle design


  1. Power train. The power that the engine develops must be transmitted to the car wheels, so that the wheels will rotate and cause the car to move. The power train performs this job providing in the process several different gear ratios between the engine crankshaft and wheels, so that the crankshaft may rotate approximately four, eight, or twelve times to cause the wheels to rotate once. The power train consists of a series of gears and shafts, which mechanically connect the engine shafts with the car wheels, and contains a clutch transmission or change gears, a propeller shaft and the final drive.Homepage News - European-coatings.com


  1. Clutch. The clutch permits the driver to connect the crankshaft to, or disconnect it from, the power train. Its main part is a friction disk pressed tightly by springs to the smooth face of the engine flywheel. The flywheel is attached to the end of the engine crankshaft and when the clutch is engaged the friction disk is held against the flywheel so that it revolves with the flywheel. When the clutch foot pedal is depressed the friction disk moves away from the flywheel face and stops revolving; when the foot pressure on the clutch pedal is removed, the springs again force the friction disk against the flywheel face, so that it once more rotates with the flywheel. The rotary motion is transmitted through the clutch and clutch shaft to the transmission gears and from there through the propeller shaft and the final drive on to the rear wheels.Неисправности механизма сцепления - Трансмиссия - ВОЛГАУНИВЕРСАЛ


  1. Transmission. The transmission or change gears provide a means of varying the gear ratios of the engine crankshaft and the wheels. There are three main gear positions in the automobile transmission: low gear, second gear, and high gear. Thus the engine crankshaft may turn four, eight or twelve times for each wheel revolution (approximately).In addition; a reverse gear is provided that permits backing the car.






















Литература

Evans Virginia, Dooley Jenny. Upstream. Intermediate. WB.Teacher’s Book. Express Publishing, 2002.

ABBYY Lingvo 12. Электронный словарь. English Edition. ABBYY Software, 2006.

Redman Stuart. English Vocabulary in Use (Pre-intermediate & intermediate). Cambridge University Press, 2009.

McCrthy Michael, O’Dell Felicity. English Vocabulary in Use (Upper Intermediate). Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Kavanagh Marie. English for Automobile Industry. Express Series. Oxford University Press, 2007.

Bonamy David. Technical English. Course Book 2. Pearson Education Limited, 2008.


Самые низкие цены на курсы профессиональной переподготовки и повышения квалификации!

Предлагаем учителям воспользоваться 50% скидкой при обучении по программам профессиональной переподготовки.

После окончания обучения выдаётся диплом о профессиональной переподготовке установленного образца (признаётся при прохождении аттестации по всей России).

Обучение проходит заочно прямо на сайте проекта "Инфоурок".

Начало обучения ближайших групп: 18 января и 25 января. Оплата возможна в беспроцентную рассрочку (20% в начале обучения и 80% в конце обучения)!

Подайте заявку на интересующий Вас курс сейчас: https://infourok.ru/kursy



Автор
Дата добавления 23.09.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров319
Номер материала ДВ-004318
Получить свидетельство о публикации

УЖЕ ЧЕРЕЗ 10 МИНУТ ВЫ МОЖЕТЕ ПОЛУЧИТЬ ДИПЛОМ

от проекта "Инфоурок" с указанием данных образовательной лицензии, что важно при прохождении аттестации.

Если Вы учитель или воспитатель, то можете прямо сейчас получить документ, подтверждающий Ваши профессиональные компетенции. Выдаваемые дипломы и сертификаты помогут Вам наполнить собственное портфолио и успешно пройти аттестацию.

Список всех тестов можно посмотреть тут - https://infourok.ru/tests


Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.
Специальное предложение
Вверх