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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Учебно-практическое пособие по английскому языку. Сборник текстов для чтения.

Учебно-практическое пособие по английскому языку. Сборник текстов для чтения.


  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

Министерство образования Пензенской области

ГАПОУ ПО ПМПК

отделение архитектуры















Бычкова М.В.

Английский язык

Сборник текстов для чтения

Учебно-практическое пособие

1, 2 курс



















Автор-составитель: М.В. Бычкова, преподаватель английского языка


Рецензенты:

Ашаева Е.Ф., методист, преподаватель иностранных языков


Учебно-практическое пособие по английскому языку. /Сборник текстов /Авт.-сост. М.В.Бычкова; Пенз. многопрофильный колледж. – Пенза:, 2012, - 33 с.


Учебное пособие представляет собой собрание адаптированных художественных текстов на английском языке. Сборник предназначен для студентов первого и второго курсов, изучающих английский язык и призвано проконтролировать, углубить и систематизировать основные ЗУН по технике чтения и перевода. Учебное пособие подготовлено на основе учебников, рекомендованных Министерством образования Российской Федерации, рабочей программы по английскому языку.

Учебное пособие одобрено и рекомендовано ЦМК «Общих гуманитарных и социально-экономических дисциплин» колледжа для использования в учебном процессе.

















2012





СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

ВВЕДЕНИЕ 4

1. LevelBeginner”. Easy texts

1.1 Text 1. Russian Famous Scientist 5

1.2 Text 2. Famous City 6

1.3 Text 3. Family Holiday 7

1.4 Text 4. Vadim’s Working Day. 8

1.5 Text 5. Mother’s Surprise 9

2. Level “Medium”. Complicated texts

1.1 Text 1. Shopping: A New Science 10

1.2 Text 2. He's Got a Ticket to Ride — For Free 12

1.3 Text 3. Why Pandas Are Black And White? 14

1.4 Text 4. Child Prodigies 16

1.5 Text 5. Walking On The Wild Side 18

1.6 Text 6. Napoleon And Josephine 20

1.7 Text 7. Halloween 22

1.8 Text 8. A Link to Childhood 24

3. Level “Advanced”. Complex texts

1.1 Text 1. Longest married couple celebrates 77 years of marriage. 26

1.2 Text 2. Where would you prefer to live. 28

1.3 Text 3. Eugene Cernan. 30

1.4 Text 4. Cunning Bicycle. 32

СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННЫХ ИСТОЧНИКОВ 34













ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Учебно-практическое пособие по развитию навыков монологической и диалогической речи предназначено для контроля техники чтения, перевода и пересказа студентов 1 и 2 курсов. Принимая во внимание разноуровневую подготовку студентов, тексты дифференцированы по сложности, они позволяют углубить и систематизировать основные умения и навыки устной речи студентов. Данное пособие также может быть использовано на старших курсах в качестве материала для повторения и расширения общей эрудиции.

В пособии представлены разнообразные по жанру и стилистике рассказы, эссе, газетные очерки и статьи. Весь материал адаптирован для студентов среднего образования с учетом требований учебных программ.

Система послетекстовых упражнений позволяет усвоить и активизировать использование лексического материала, овладеть навыками пересказа и анализа стилистических особенностей текстов. Данные упражнения способствуют формированию и развитию языковой, речевой и социокультурной компетенции.





1. Level “Beginner”. Easy texts


Text 1

Russian Famous Scientist

This man is the father of the Russian sciences and famous poet. He is also the founder of Russian literature.

He was born in 1711 in Arhangelsk province. He liked to spend his time fishing with his father. He began to read himself then he was a little boy. He wanted to study and then he was 19 he went on foot to Moscow. He wanted to enter the Slavic-Greek-Latin academy. He entered it and six years later in 1736 he was sent abroad to continue his studies in chemistry and mining.

He worked hard and he became a great scientist. He was a physicist, a painter and an astronomer, a geographer, a historian and a statesman. He made a telescope; he observed a lot of stars and planets with his telescope. He wrote the first grammar of Russian language. He wrote many poems.

He built a factory near St. Petersburg. It was a factory where glass was produced. He made a portrait of Peter the First of pieces of glass. He was a founder of the first Russian University. This University is named after him and it is situated in Moscow.

He died in 1765 but people know and remember him.



Answer the questions:

  1. Who is this text about?

  2. Do you know this man?

  3. What is he famous for?

  4. What was his hobby when he was young?

  5. How old was he when he died?

  6. Who wrote the first Russia grammar?

  7. True or False:

  1. This man was born in the 18th century.

  2. He went to Moscow by train when he was seventeen.

  3. He made the first Russian telephone.

  4. The University is named after him and it is situated in Arhangelsk.

  5. He wanted to study at medical academy.

  1. Text 2

  2. Famous City

  3. This city is one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than 11 million people. It is an industrial and cultural centre of the USA.

  4. Most business is centered in Manhattan Island. The Island is very small, that's why the sky-scrapers were invented in this town and, especially, in Wall Street. Wall Street is a narrow street with big houses, but it is well known as the busiest street in the USA. People do business there.

  5. There are two more world-famous streets — Broadway and Fifth Avenue. Fifth Avenue is the great shopping, hotel, and club avenue.

  6. It is the city that never goes to sleep. Buses and sub-way run all night. There are cinemas with films that start at midnight. This city is the largest port in America.

  7. There are many places of interest here. They are: the Statue of Liberty, the United Nations Building, Empire State Building, Columbia University, City Hall and others.

  8. When you come to this city you see lots of cars, big and small, black and yellow, old and modem; you do not see any trees or flowers in the streets, but only cars.

  1. Answer the questions:

  1. What city is described here?

  2. Is it a big or small city?

  3. Where is it situated?

  4. This city is full of parks and gardens, isn’t it?

  5. Where is business center in this city?

  6. What are places of interest in this city?

  7. True or False:

  1. Manhattan Island is very bid.

  2. In this city buses and sub-way run till midnight.

  3. This city is the largest port in USA.

  4. The Statue of Liberty is on Manhattan Island.

  1. 5. Wall Street is well known as the busiest street in the USA

  1. Text 3

  2. Family Holiday

  3. My name is Ivan. I am eleven years old. My family is not very big. It consists of four persons. We live in a small village near the capital of our country.

  4. We are easy to get along with. We love each other and enjoy spending time together. Of course we always celebrate holidays together.

  5. Next Sunday will be an unusual day for our family. It will be our mother's birthday. My brother Artem (he is 2 years younger than I) and I decided to go to town and buy a present for her. We will go to town on Saturday after school to do shopping. We can go to city either by train or by bus. Artem likes to go by bus, but I don't like buses. I think we will not go by bus, we will go by train. It will take us half an hour to get to the city.

  6. What will we buy? As we will have a party, we need good sweets, coffee, cheese, sausage, biscuits and cakes. I know Mother likes cakes very much. So we will buy cakes. We buy a new dress and a raincoat or an umbrella for her.

  7. It is a great pleasure to make people happy and we want to make our mother happy.

  8. Answer the questions:

  9. 1. Why will boys go to the city?

  10. 2. Near what city do the brothers live?

  11. 3. How old is Artem?

  12. 4. How will they get to the city?

  13. 5. Who of the boys likes buses / trains?

  14. 6. Why will they buy cakes?

  15. True or False:

  16. 1. Next Tuesday will be an unusual day for our family.

  17. 2. It will take us half an hour to get to the city.

  18. 3. We live in the capital of our country.

  19. 4. We will go to town on Saturday before school to do shopping.

  20. 5. Mother likes cakes not very much.

  21. Text 4

  22. Vadim’s Working Day.

  23. Though it was winter Vadim , the agronomist of the farm, had a busy day last Tuesday. He began his morning with the radio, he listened to the news. At half past seven he got up, washed, did his morning exercises, dressed and had breakfast.

  24. Vadim liked mornings, because he could see his family, and he could have a talk with his wife and child. At a quarter to nine Vadim left home.

  25. It was a cold winter day. There was a lot of snow on the ground. The sky wasn't blue, and the sun didn't shine at all. There weren't any people in the street. It was not far from his house, so he walked there. The road was white with snow and he couldn't walk fast.

  26. When he came to the farm, some people wanted to see and talk to him. His working day began. At 1 p.m. o'clock he went home to have dinner. He had dinner with his wife and little daughter who did not go to school. He ate his dinner, rested a little, and went back to the farm. Vadim had to talk to some people, to write some letters. At 5 o'clock he had an important meeting. Only at 8 o'clock p.m. he came home.

  27. Answer the questions:

  1. What was Vadim? And where did he work?

  2. Did he have a family? Whom did his family consist of?

  3. What season and weather is described in the text?

  4. How long did his working day last?

  1. True or False:

  1. Vadim could see his family in the morning.

  2. It was a shinny day.

  3. The agronomist ate his dinner at the farm.

  4. In the evening he had an important meeting.

  5. His family consisted of his wife and his son.

  1. Text 5

  2. Mother’s Surprise

  3. Sally was nineteen years old. She always lived with her parents, but now she would go to university in another town to study to be a doctor. Her mother was sad about this. She loved her daughter very much, and she thought, "My little girl will be alone for the first time in her life and she will be very sad."

  4. Sally said goodbye to her father and to her cat, and promised to telephone every week.

  5. Then every week Sally kept her promise and telephoned. They talked not long, and Sally was always very happy and never said that she missed her parents. Her mother was not glad about this. She thought, "Perhaps she's finding the university nicer than her home."

  6. But then holidays were getting near. And when Sally telephoned her parents, she said, "The students are very happy that they're going to return home soon"

  7. Sally's mother was glad that the students had said this. "She must really miss us," she thought. Then she said, "And did you say that too?"

  8. "Oh, yes!" Sally answered. "We all said that it's easy to speak to our parents on the telephone every week when we're away, but we really miss our pets!"

  1. Answer the questions:

  1. Who is described here?

  2. How old was the girl?

  3. What profession did she choose?

  4. Whom do you think Sally missed more?

  1. True or False:

  1. The girl’s name was Sarah.

  2. She was going to become a doctor.

  3. She studied at medical college.

  4. Sally telephoned her parents every day.

  5. Her mother missed daughter much

  1. 2. Level “Medium”. Complicated texts

  2. Text 1

  3. SHOPPING: A NEW SCIENCE

  4. Why do so many people love to go shopping? To go shopping is a social ritual. You meet up with your friends, check out shops, try on clothes and have a hamburger for lunch. So, you feel at home.

  5. Research has shown that teenagers are changeable in decisions about how and where to spend their money. Shop owners need to use a number of techniques to attract shoppers inside their shops. Coming inside a shop, teenagers are three times more likely to buy something in comparison with adults.

  6. Shopping science can exploit and manipulate our shopping habits. There are some techniques that are used to attract shopper into the shop.

  7. Outside the shop, the window display is like a big advert. The psychologists apply a "25 metre rule" to shop windows.

  8. If shoppers are further away than 25 metres, they will not notice the window display. Any closer and shoppers may look at another shop window.

  9. If shops play music and have lights like a club, shops will tempt us inside. The club feel also convinces shoppers that the clothes they buy will look good in a club atmosphere. And if you don't want shoppers hang around too long and crowd your shop, then you can play the music loud, and the purchase will be made more quickly.

  10. It's not just the clothes that many young people are buying, but the image, the lifestyle. The young shopper is looking for a brand which tells you about their status and lifestyle.

  11. So be careful! Think twice before you buy that new dress or a pair of the latest shoes. You might think you know what you want, but it seems that the shops and psychologists know better!

  12. VOCABULARY

  1. ritual ритуал

  2. to check out разг. проверить

  3. research исследования

  4. changeable непостоянный,

  5. изменчивый

  6. decision решение

  7. technique метод, прием

  8. to attract привлекать

  9. to be likely быть вероятным

  10. in comparison по сравнению

  11. adults взрослые

  12. to exploit эксплуатировать

  13. to manipulate манипулировать

  14. window display витрина

  15. advert рекламое объявление

  16. psychologist психолог

  17. to tempt склонять, подбивать,

  18. соблазнять

  19. feel чувство

  20. to convince убеждать

  21. to hang around бродить, гулять

  22. purchase покупка

  1. TASKS

  2. 1. Answer the questions.

  3. 1. Why do so many of us love to go shopping?

  4. 2. What has research shown about the way teenagers spend their money?

  5. 3. Are teenagers more likely to buy something in comparison with adults?

  6. 2. Find these words and word combinations in the text.

  7. примерить одежду; исследования показали; как и где тратить свои деньги; привлекать покупателей в магазин; убеждает покупателей; покупка будет сделана быстрее; подумайте дважды; психологи знают лучше

  8. 3. What about you?

  9. 1. Are you fond of shopping? Why/Why not?

  10. 2. Why do people like shopping?

  11. 3. What do you usually buy: clothes, shoes, jewelry, food, books or magazines?

  12. 4. Why do people buy summer clothes in winter and vice verse?

  13. 5. Do you believe in sales?

  14. Text 2

  15. HE'S GOT A TICKET TO RIDE — FOR FREE

  16. In the last nine years, Anton Krotov travelled a lot all over Russia and the world for nothing. He is a free traveler who has written fourteen books on “how to travel on nothing or very little”. The philosophy is simple — you rely on people's kindness and hospitality.

  17. Krotov's books tell us how to find generous people who will help you with food and accommodation. He also gives information how to hitch-hike, advices how to get a free bed, food. "People are good. You don't need to be afraid," said Krotov.

  18. The traveller lives in an Old-Curiosity-Shop-flat on Leningradskoye Shosse. On the walls there are maps that mark his thousands of miles of travel and vivid pictures of beautiful sights. There are no expensive things, no furniture, and little food. But he enjoys his way of life.

  19. His door is also usually unlocked. Krotov is welcoming to strangers, too. He is not afraid of different people. "Some people have stolen things, but so what?" Krotov said.

  20. It's a budget travel, but a lot of Krotov's advice is about how to talk to people. Don't lie. Just say you have little money and need somewhere to stay. According to him, people will always help. Krotov said that, outside Moscow, four out of five bus drivers will let you go free of charge, as will many train conductors and even an airplane pilot who flies from Chukotka to Alaska.

  21. In addition to good pieces of advice, the books consider moral aspects. They contain a list of rules on how to behave in different situations so as not to offend anyone and enjoy your holiday.

  22. VOCABULARY

  1. for nothing, free of charge бесплатно

  2. to rely on полагаться, надеяться

  3. hospitality гостеприимство

  4. generous щедрый

  5. accommodation размещение, место

  6. жительства

  7. to hitch-hike путешествовать

  8. автостопом

  9. advice совет

  10. Old Curiosity Shop лавка

  11. древностей

  12. vivid яркий

  13. stranger незнакомец

  14. budget travel зд. дешевое

  15. путешествие

  16. to lie лгать, обманывать

  17. to consider рассматривать

  18. to offend оскорблять, обижать

  1. TASKS

  2. 1. Answer the questions.

  3. 1. How can you describe his flat?

  4. 2. What is Krotov's advice about how to talk to people?

  5. 3. Do you think Krotov is a kind man?

  6. 2. Find these words and word combinations in the text.

  7. много путешествовать; людская доброта; тысячи мили путешествий; стиль жизни; дверь не заперта; рад незнакомцам; разговаривать с людьми; мало денег; за пределами Москвы; четыре из пяти

  8. 3. What about you?

  9. 1. Do you like the way Anton travels? Why?/Why not?

  10. 2. Is it interesting to hitch-hike?

  11. 3. Where would you like to travel?

  12. 4. Why do people like to travel?

  13. 5. Do you believe this philosophy?

  14. Text 3

  15. WHY PANDAS ARE BLACK AND WHITE?

  16. A long, long time ago in China there lived a little girl called Chien Min. She lived all her life with her father and mother in a little house on the edge of a bamboo forest. Chien Min loved animals and was avery kind to them.

  17. One day Chien Min was walking alone in the forest. Suddenly, she heard a sound. It was a cry coming from the forest. She was very much afraid but the crying continued and she decided to see what it was. She went into the forest. There she found a little white ball of fur; it was a baby panda. The panda was crying and licking its front paw. There was a big thorn in it. "Oh, you poor little animal!" Chien Min ran to it and sat beside her. "Give me your paw".

  18. At first the little white panda was afraid. But soon he understood and gave her its paw. Chien Min took the torn out of its paw. The baby panda was so happy. From that day, they became the best of friends. Chien Min called the panda Niao-Niao, and they played together in the bamboo forest every day. Soon Chien Min became friends with all the pandas in the forest.

  19. One afternoon the girl was sitting on the ground watching the baby pandas playing happily. Suddenly she saw a big leopard moving in the trees. Chien Min stood up and shouted a warning. But the leopard jumped onto Niao-Niao. Chien Min forgot that she was afraid and threw a heavy stone at the leopard. "Go away, leave the panda alone!" The leopard jumped on the girl and knocked her to the ground. At that moment the adult pandas arrived. They were making a lot of noise. The leopard became afraid and ran away back into the forest. The pandas all ran to Chien Min but could do nothing. She was dead. She had given her life to save Niao-Niao.

  20. All the white pandas met to talk about the little brave. They cried and cried and their tears fell like rain onto the ground. They beat their paws on the ground and then wiped the tears from their eyes. Their dirty paws made black marks on their faces. Then they beat their bodies and left black marks from their dirty paws on their bodies too. Soon all the white pandas were covered with black marks.

  21. That is why, even today, pandas are black and white.

  22. VOCABULARY

  1. edge край, лезвие

  2. cry крик, плач

  3. to be afraid of бояться

  4. to lick лизать

  5. paw лапа

  6. thorn шип, заноза

  7. to stroke гладить, поглаживать

  8. warning предупреждение

  9. a heavy stone тяжелый камень

  10. to knock стучать

  11. adult взрослый

  12. tear слеза

  13. to beat бить, ударять

  14. to wipe вытирать

  1. TASKS

  2. 1. Answer the questions.

  3. 1. Where did Chien Min live?

  4. 2. What colour were pandas at that time?

  5. 3. How did the pandas change their colour?

  6. 2. Find these words in the text.

  7. давным-давно, гулять на опушке леса, последовать за звуком, шерстяной клубок, маленькая панда, очень осторожно, лучшие друзья,

  8. 3. What about you?

  9. 1. Do you think it is a true story or a myth?

  10. 2. Do you love animals?

  11. 3. Do you have a pet at home? What pet?

  12. 4. What animal is the cleverest?

  13. 5. How can animals help people?

  14. Text 4

  15. CHILD PRODIGIES

  16. Angela Knyazeva is a big fan of the philosopher Descartes and his more modern followers Spinoza, Kant and Hegel. Her younger sister prefers Heidegger, while they are both keen on French philosophy.

  17. Angela, who is 14 and a 12-year-old Diana are not average teenagers. They finished high school, entered Finance Academy and became the youngest students in Russia.

  18. The fact, that the girls are child prodigies, becomes clear as soon as one of them starts speaking. "Our future profession is international economics," Angela said in perfect English.

  19. The parents of the girls noticed from a very early age how their two daughters picked up things and how they soon began to study with children much older than themselves. There are, however, problems connected with studying in a class where all your classmates are 18 years old. "It's not difficult for us," Angela said. "But it's difficult for them when such a little girl answers questions and receives good marks."

  20. They however do not socialize with their fellow students out of class. The girls like to spend their free time playing lots of sports, listening to music and watching television. Of course, they don't watch children's programs — their favourites are current affairs programs. Usually before going to sleep or before going to the academy the girls listen to Tchaikovsky, Mozart or some ballet music.

  21. And what about the opposite sex? Won't boys be afraid of the girls' superior intellect and extraordinary abilities? "I think we will be able to make our future husbands believe that we are not as clever as they," Angela said and then added "I will let him feel that way, but not too long."

  22. VOCABULARY

    prodigy
    1. 1. чудо 2. необыкновенно одаренный ребенок

    1. follower

    1. последователь

    1. to be keen on

    1. очень любить что-то, увлекаться

    1. average

    1. средний

    1. to pick up

    1. зд. разг. учиться чему-либо быстро

    1. to socialize

    1. общаться

    1. current affairs

    1. текущие события

    1. ability

    1. способность

    1. superior

    1. лучший, превосходящий

  23. TASKS

  24. 1. Answer the questions.

  25. 1. Who is the favourite philosopher of Angela Knyazeva?

  26. 2. What philosopher does her younger sister prefer?

  27. 3. What is their future profession?

  28. 4. When did the parents of the girls notice of abilities of their daughters?

  29. 5. Is it difficult for them to study with classmates who are much older than they are?

  30. 6. How do the girls like to spend their free time?

  31. 7. What music do they listen to?

  32. 8. Do you think the girls will be happy in family life?

  33. 2. What about you?

  34. 1. Have you ever met children with unusual abilities?

  35. 2. Is it good or bad when children begin to read very early?

  36. Text 5

  37. WALKING ON THE WILD SIDE

  38. "When I die, I'll come back as a penguin,” says Alfred Davis, owner of the largest penguin collection in the world, housed in the Manhattan Center near Brussel’s Place Rogier.

  39. The ground floor is occupied by Espace-Terre-Paix, an unusual organization that promotes such activities as study of UFOs. The collection itself is a gathering of anything and everything to do with the birds – from penguin-shaped thermos flasks, oven gloves, umbrellas and tin of antifreeze down to crystal, china and glass birds of all sizes.

  40. Television crews from around the worlds have been attracted by the Belgium eccentric, who has appeared on over 60 programmes in France, The Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Portugal, Britain and the United States, not to mention nine feature films. His obsession has made him famous and won him friends worldwide. He met celebrities, and was invited to Hollywood by Warner Brothers to meet the stars of Batman Returns.

  41. David has had more than his own tragedy. After 12 years of marriage he lost his wife, and their five children all died. As if that wasn’t enough, he ended up losing his job – and nearly a leg – after an accident he had while working as an army motorcycle courier. “The crash transformed my life,” he says. After recovery he became a taxi driver. “One day, I got out of my car and a man who saw me limping shouted “Penguin!”. Surprisingly, the two became friends, and the man later gave David the very first object of his collection.

  42. Ever since, he has regarded the birds as symbols of warmth, kindness and simplicity. They look after each other.

  43. In the Antarctic, they stand in a circle with their backs to the wind to keep one another warm. They take it in turns to stand on the outside, working their way towards the center. They are also very faithful. Every year the same couple gets together, each calling the other with a unique cry that only the partner recognizes.

  44. David's second wife threw him out of their Liege home, crying: "It's me or the penguins!" He chose the penguins and has never regretted his decision.

  45. VOCABULARY

  46. to house вмещать, размешать

  47. to occupy занимать

  48. to promote продвигать, рекламировать

  49. UFO НЛО

  50. thermos flask термос

  51. oven glove рукавица для плиты

  52. crystal хрусталь, хрустальный

  53. china фарфор, фарфоровый

  54. crew команда, экипаж

  55. feature film художественный фильм

  56. obsession одержимость

  57. celebrity знаменитость

  58. to recover выздороветь

  59. to limp хромать

  60. kindness доброта

  61. simplicity простота

  62. faithful верный

  63. regret сожалеть

  64. TASKS

  65. 1. Answer the questions.

  66. 1. What is the story of his life?

  67. 2. How did he start his collection?

  68. 3. How does he describe penguins?

  69. 2. Find these words in the text.

  70. цокольный этаж; изучение НЛО; все, что связано с птицами; завоевать друзей по всему свету; потерять работу; катастрофа изменила его жизнь; символ теплоты.

  71. 3. What about you?

  72. 1. Do you collect anything? Why/Why not?

  73. 2. What is your hobby?

  74. 3. Do you believe people are less faithful than animals?

  75. 4. Can an animal be a man’s friend?

  76. Text 6

  77. NAPOLEON AND JOSEPHINE

  78. Josephine came from a noble family. She was six years older than Napoleon. When they met, she was thirty-three and Napoleon was twenty-seven. She was not charming, attractive or good-looking. She had ugly teeth, no money and two children to take care of. She was deeply in debt. When the French revolutionists had cut off the head of her first husband, Josephine was left without means.

  79. She had heard about Napoleon and wanted to see him. She figured a small plan to do it. She sent her son to ask Napoleon if the boy might have the sword of the dead father. Naturally Napoleon answered "yes". The next day Josephine went to the palace to thank Napoleon for his kindness. Napoleon was impressed by her personality and her manners. Two days later she invited him to her house for tea. He was delighted and flattered as in those days he was not yet the hero he was destined to become. When he came to tea she told him that he was the greatest general in the history.

  80. Two months later their engagement was announced. Napoleon's motto was "Time is everything" and once he said: "I may lose battles but no one will see me losing seconds". Two days after the wedding he waged war against Italy. It was a brilliant campaign. Even on the battlefields Napoleon found time to write his wife most passionate letters absolutely every day. In 1933 eight of his letters to Josephine were sold at public auction for $ 30.000.

  81. Here is an extract from one of them: "My dearest Josephine. You have inspired me with a love which taken away my reason. I can't eat. I can't sleep. I am constantly thinking about you. I do not care about glory. I value victory only because it pleases You. I am looking at your portrait every minute and covering it with kisses". Josephine did not answer his letters.

  82. In the long run he divorced her and married Marie Louise of Austria for political reasons. Like all Austrians she despised Napoleon. She taught her son to hate his father. When he began to lose battles she deserted him. When Josephine died, Napoleon visited her grave and wept. The very last word he spoke was her name.

  83. VOCABULARY

  1. noble благородный

  2. ugly уродливый

  3. in debt в долгах

  4. means зд.средства

  5. существования

  6. to figure зд. планировать,

  7. sword меч

  8. kindness доброта

  9. to be impressed быть под впечатлением

  10. personality личность

  11. manners манеры

  12. to flatter льстить

  13. to destine предопределять

  14. he was destined ему было суждено

  15. engagement помолвка

  16. motto девиз

  17. to lose battles

  18. проигрывать битвы

  19. to wage war вести войну

  20. passionate пылкий

  21. auction аукцион

  22. glory слава

  23. to divorce разводиться

  24. to despise презирать

  25. to hate ненавидеть

  26. to desert покидать

  27. grave могила

  28. to weep плакать

  1. TASKS

  2. 1. Answer the questions.

  3. 1. How old were they when they met?

  4. 2. How did Josephine attracted Napoleon ?

  5. 3. Did Napoleon love Josephine?

  6. 2. Find these words in the text.

  7. глубоко в долгах; отрезать голову первому мужу; благодарить; пригласить на чай; величайший генерал в истории; поле боя; отрывок; политические причины.

  8. 3. What about you?

  9. 1. Do you like this love story? Why/Why not?

  10. 2. What is your motto?

  11. 3. Do you believe in happy ends?

  12. 4. Why do people love each other?

  13. Text 7

  14. HALLOWEEN

  15. Halloween is a festival that takes place on October 31. People once believed that ghosts roamed the earth on Halloween. They also thought that all witches met on October 31. Today, most people do not believe in ghosts or witches, but these supernatural beings are now symbols of Halloween. Halloween parties have such activities as fortune-telling and story-telling about ghosts and witches. On this day children dress in costumes and masks and go from door to door saying "trick or treat". People don’t want tricks to be played on them and give the children such treats as candy, fruit, and pennies.

  16. Some children trick or treat for UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund. They collect money for the agency in official orange and black boxes. UNICEF uses the money to provide medical care and other services for poor children throughout the world.

  17. Many people make jack-o'-lanterns out of pumpkins. Most lanterns have a candle or some other light inside. People in England and Ireland once carved out beets, potatoes and turnips to use as lanterns on Halloween. After this custom reached America, pumpkins began to be used. Today jack-o'-lanterns are used as decorations.

  18. According to an Irish legend, jack-o'-lanterns were named after a man called Jack, who could not enter heaven because he was a miser. He could not enter hell either, because he had played jokes on the devil. As a result, Jack had to roam over the earth with his lantern until Judgment Day.

  19. Fortune-telling began in Europe hundreds of years ago and became an important part of Halloween. For example, such objects as a coin, a ring and a thimble were baked into a cake or other food. It was believed that the person who found the coin in the cake would become wealthy. The one who found the ring would marry soon, but the person who got the thimble would never get married. Today, some people use such fortune-telling technique as cardreading in addition to the traditional Halloween methods.

  20. VOCABULARY

  21. to take place происходить

  22. Halloween день всех Святых

  23. ghost призрак, привидение

  24. to roam бродить

  25. witch ведьма

  26. to believe верить

  27. supernatural сверхъестественный

  28. fortune-telling предсказание судьбы

  29. trick or treat ienrf bkb eujotybt

  30. lantern фонарь

  31. jack-o'-lantern фонарь из тыквы с прорезанными отверстиями в виде глаз, носа и рта

  32. pumpkin тыква

  33. to carve вырезать

  34. turnip репа

  35. heaven небеса

  36. miser несчастный человек, бедняга

  37. hell ад

  38. devil дьявол

  39. Judgement Day день страшного суда

  40. coin монета

  41. thimble наперсток

  42. TASKS

  43. 1. Answer the questions.

  44. 1. When is Halloween?

  45. 2. What are the symbols of Halloween?

  46. 3. How children celebrate holidays?

  47. 2. Find these words in the text.

  48. одеваться в костюмы, ходить от двери к двери, собирать деньги для агентства, обеспечить мед. помощью, украшение, разыскивать, в результате.

  49. 3. What about you?

  50. 1. What is your favourite holiday?

  51. 2. How do you like to celebrate it?

  52. 3. What foreign holidays do you know?

  53. 4. Whom do you celebrate holidays with?

  54. 5. What presents do you like to get on holidays?

  55. Text 8

  56. A LINK TO CHILDHOOD

  57. "There was a tradition in my family to keep old toys", says Sergei Romanov. From his granny he got some dolls with porcelain heads and some Chinese tree decorations. From his father he inherited several mechanical toys. Looking at all these things Sergei thought it was his duty to follow the tradition and keep the toys of his childhood for his children and grandchildren. He started collecting old toys, making dolls himself and repairing broken ones. The hobby took him so strongly that he could not stop. More and more toys arrived in his house from Moscow and other places as if attracted by a magnet.

  58. Sergei says that he never sells his toys. If a toy enters his collection, it stays there. He does not change his toys either as nobody offered him anything interesting.

  59. Each of the toys has its history. The teddy bear was in the Arctic waters on board the icebreaker Chelyuskin. It was presented to the collector by the daughter of Prof. Sushkina, who was the only woman in this expedition.

  60. Some toys were witnesses of the blockade of Leningrad during Great Patriotic War and were saved via the famous Road of Life.

  61. The toy monkey belonged to the daughter of Russia's famous singer Fyodor Shalyapin. In 1922, leaving the country, the girls gave many of their toys to friends. The winter portrait of the Shalyapin family painted by famous Russian artist Kustodiev shows the monkey which is held by one of the girls.

  62. Standard flats are not designed to keep such a collection. Now it is kept in a state-run organization. Part of the collection is in constant use as Sergei often participates in various exhibitions. This is not just a collection of toys. He would rather call it a link to his childhood.

  63. VOCABULARY

  1. to keep хранить

  2. link звено, связь

  3. porcelain фарфор, фарфоровый

  4. to inherit наследовать

  5. duty обязанность

  6. to arrive прибывать

  7. to offer предлагать

  8. icebreaker ледокол

  9. expedition экспедиция

  10. witness свидетель

  11. via через

  12. to belong принадлежать

  13. to design проектировать, предназначать

  14. state-run государственный

  15. to participate участвовать

  1. TASKS

  2. 1. Answer the questions.

  3. 1. What tradition was there in Sergei Romanov's family?

  4. 2. What toys did he get from his granny and his father?

  5. 3. .What is the history of the teddy bear?

  6. 2. Find these words in the text.

  7. традиция в семье; механические игрушки; продолжить традицию; хобби захватило его; как -будто притягивали магнитом; дорога Жизни; связь с детством.

  8. 3. What about you?

  9. 1. Did you like to play with toys in your childhood? Why/Why not?

  10. 2. What was your favoutite toy?

  11. 3. Do you keep your old toys?

  12. 4. With what do you play now?

  13. 3. Level “Advanced”. Complex textshello_html_346aa78c.jpg

  14. Text 1

  15. Longest married couple celebrates 77 years of marriage.

  1. Fred and Olive Hodges, who have been married for 77 years in April, are about to enter the Guinness Book of Records as the UK's longest married couple. The couple first met in 1915, then were separated by the First World War. They met again in 1919 and fell in love. They got engaged and married - but only after six years, when they had saved £603 to buy their first house.

  2. The couple, who are both 102 met in their teens as they skated on a frozen river in Northampton in 1915. Fred had left school at 15 and started work for the local gas company; Olive had left at 14 and worked in a leather factory.

  3. 'I wasn't really interested at the time, I just wanted to have fun on the ice." said Olive. 'Fred came up behind me and knocked me down. He told me years later that he did it because he wanted to pick me up.'

  4. But, three years later, when he was 18, Fred joined the army and was soon fighting in France. Many of his comrades were killed. Fred published a book of his memories, Men of 18 in 1918, in 1988. In his book he described how a sudden silence signaled that war was over 'Now I knew I was going to have a life after all.'

  5. Back home in Northampton, Fred renewed his friendship with Olive. The couple had a six-year engagement before their marriage. They had two children, John and Brenda. Fred became chief cashier at the gas company. Olive stayed at home while the children grew up. The couple now has 11 grandchildren and 12 great- grandchildren. Two years ago they had to leave their own home because of Fred's poor health. They now live together in an old people's home in Welisterough, Leicestershire.hello_html_m7305a8bc.jpg

  6. We have lots of lovely memories but the birth of our two children is the most special”, said Olive. And the best decade for me was when Fred retired in the 1960s. His retirement just meant we could spend more time together. I love Fred so much. I don't know what I would do without him.'

  7. Their son John, 73, a retired professor of genetics who lives in Austria, is full of praise for his parents. 'They are completely devoted to each other.' he said. 'And my sister end I could not have more loving parents.'

  8. My mother gave up her life for her family and home. Our parents opened doors of opportunity for us which they never had themselves and encouraged us to go through them.'

  1. Tasks

  2. Are the statements true or false? Find in the text:

  3. 1. Fred and Olive first met in winter.

  4. 2. They were from Northampton.

  5. 3. Fred joined the army in 1915.

  6. 4. They got married in April 1925.

  7. 5. They bought a house in Northampton.

  8. 6. John and Brenda didn't have children.

  9. What about you?

  10. Do you believe in love for the whole life? or love at a glance?

  11. Is it difficult to live with one person very long?

  12. Tell about your grandparents marriage.

  13. Text 2

  14. Where would you prefer to live?

  15. Patrick; The best thing about travelling by train ... is that you get back, to London at the end of it! I’ve just been to the Cotswolds for a week, and I couldn't get back to the City fast enough. The village where I stayed was terribly quiet. There were no shops, no restaurants and hardly any people. I don’t want to cook every evening when I'm on holiday - but the nearest restaurant was a 20-minute drive. That's not too far, you might say, but I’d gone by train. Perhaps there was a cinema and a theatre next to the restaurant - I never found them either. I’ve always lived in cities - the country is not the place for me.hello_html_m1dbea785.jpg

  16. Nicola: I’m an outdoor pursuit’s instructor and I share a cottage with three of my colleagues in Snowdoria. During the day I teach canoeing, mountain-biking and rock-climbing. I love being outside. After work my friends and I take turns to cook a meal – we grow all our own vegetables – and then we play cards or watch TV. We’ve got everything we need here – it’s true, there is not a pub or a restaurant for miles, but we are all reasonable cookers and there are supermarkets in the nearest town. I used to work in a solicitor’s office, but I had to wear suits and tights every day. I lived in a block of flats near the centre of Birmingham. I hated my old life.hello_html_m2c7bd277.jpg

  17. hello_html_m6e3bd844.jpg

  18. Jake: I'm eighteen years old and I live in a small village in the Peak District, not far from Nottingham. I live with my parents, and younger brother and sister. I the problem – the problem is that there's nothing to do, and grew up in this village, so I know everyone here. That's not nobody of my age to do it with. At the moment I travel into Nottingham every day to the shop where I work - there's a bus at 7.30 in the morning and the last bus back in the evening is at 5.30. From September, however, I'm going to stay in Nottingham with my aunt and uncle when my cousin goes into the Navy. I can use his room I'm really looking forward to living in Nottingham. I’ll be able to go out with my friends in the evening and I won't have to get up so early in the morning.hello_html_14598ce6.jpg

  19. Tasks

  20. Fill in the schedule:

    1. Where does the speaker live now?

    1. Where does the speaker want to live?

    1. What reasons does the speaker give for wanting to live in one environment or the other?

    1. Patrick

    1. Alice

    1. Nicola

    1. Jake

  21. What about you?

  1. Where would you prefer to live: in a village or in the town?

  2. What advantages and disadvantages can you name?

  3. Compare the two possible places to live.

  1. TEXT 3

  2. Eugene Cernan

  1. The world will always remember the words of the first man on the moon. On July 21, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon’s surface and announced :That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.' People also know about Apollo 13 - they have seen the 1995 film in which Tom Hanks and two fellow actor- astronauts were saved from disaster. But, can anyone name the last man on the moon? Probably not.hello_html_7e989f15.jpg

  2. The little-known Eugene Cernan was the last man on the moon. His trip in 1972 came at the end of a great career in space. He trained first as fighter pilot before he started astronaut training in 1963.Three years later, he piloted Gemini 9. While in orbit, he stepped into space to do some tests. But there were problems, and Cernan began breathing heavily and perspiring. Water vapors built up inside his helmet and froze over his visor. Cernan couldn't see, but he remained calm. He walked in space for two hours and nine minutes, at that time the longest space walk anyone had ever done.

  3. In his book “The Last Alan on the Moon”, Cernan describes the walk: “When the hatch stood open, I climbed out. Half my body stuck out of Gemini 9, and I rode along like a sightseeing bum on a boxcar. This was like sitting on God's front porch. We crossed the coast of California in the full flare of the morning sun, and in a single glance I could see from San Francisco to halfway across Mexico.'

  4. By 1972, however, there was no longer much interest in space exploration. The space race between the US and the USSR was won when Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on the moon in July 1969. NASA knew that Apollo 17 would be the last mission, for both the Apollo programme and for Cernan. The Apollo 17 mission landed on the moon on December 11 three years later.

  5. Cernan and his fellow astronaut Harrison Schmitt landed in a steep lunar valley named Taurus-Littrow. They then spent three days on the moon and took three trips, each seven hours long, on the moon buggy.

  6. Before leaving, Cernan left what he hoped would be a lasting mark: 'With a single finger, I scratched my daughter Tracy's initials in the lunar dust, knowing that they would remain there undisturbed for more years than anyone could imagine.'

  7. That, however, may be less time than Cernan expected. A spokesman for the European Space Agency said: "The moon is again a target. We see it as a springboard to future exploration of the solar system."

  8. When future astronauts take off from the moon, they will probably head not back to Earth but to Mars.

  1. Tasks

  2. Choose the correct ending for each sentence:

  3. 1. Cernan's first space mission was

  4. a in Gemini 9.

  5. b in Apollo 17 in 1972.

  6. с as a fighter pilot.

  7. 2. Apollo 17

  8. d crossed the coast of California,

  9. e landed in the Taurus-Littrow valley,

  10. f will head to Mars.

  11. 3. Cernan was on the moon for

  12. g two hours and nine minutes,

  13. h three days.

  14. i seven hours.

  15. 4.Before he took off from the moon, he

  16. j started astronaut training.

  17. к stepped into space to do some tests.

  18. l wrote TC in the dust.

  19. What about you?

  1. Do you want to be a cosmonaut?

  2. Do you want to fell weightlessness?

  3. What features of character should a cosmonaut have?

  1. Text 4

  2. Cunning Bicycle.

  3. When Mr. Holland was a young man, he played a lot of football, and he had always been thin and very strong. But then he worked in an office for many years, and he drove to work in a car, so when he was forty, he was fat and very soft, and he did not wish to get fatter and softer every year.

  4. One day one of his friends said to him, "Would you like to be thinner, Fred?"

  5. "Of course I would," Mr Holland answered.

  6. "Well," his friend said, "stop going to your office by car, and get a bicycle."

  7. Mr Holland had not ridden a bicycle for many years. "It's very hard to learn to ride a bicycle again at your age," his wife said.

  8. But it was not too hard for Mr. Holland to do. He usually sat in his living room and read the newspaper in the evening, but he bought a bicycle for his birthday and practiced riding that every evening instead. He hoped that it would help him to get thinner, and he got a lot of pleasure from it.

  9. He found little roads which were not really very narrow, but were too narrow for cars, and there he got away from the nasty noises of the city, which were becoming too much for him. They were not really very loud, but they were too loud for Mr.Holland.

  10. Then he began to go to his office on his bicycle. Sometimes all the cars stopped at a red light, and he went past them to the front, because his bicycle was narrow. Then he was very happy.

  11. Yesterday he stopped at a red light, and a man came up behind him on another bicycle. He stopped too and said to Mr. Holland, "Have the police taken your driving license away too?"

  12. Tasks:

  13. Find the right answers.:

  14. 1.Was Mr. Holland fat or thin when he was young?

  15. a) He was fat. b) He was thin.

  16. 2.Was he fat, or thin, when he was forty?

  17. a) He was fat. b) He was thin.

  18. 3.Who told him to get a bicycle?

  19. a) A friend did. b) His wife did.

  20. 4.Was it hard for him to learn to ride a bicycle again?

  21. a) No, it was not. b) Yes, it was very hard.

  22. 5.When did he practice?

  23. a) In the evening, b) On his birthday.

  24. 6.Did he enjoy riding his bicycle?

  25. a) No, he did not. b) Yes, he did.

  26. 7.Why did he like narrow roads?

  27. a) Because they were less noisy, b) Because they were noisier.

  28. 8.Why could he pass cars at red lights?

  29. a) Because he did not have to stop at them, b) Because his bicycle was narrower

  30. than the cars.

  31. 9.Had the police taken Mr. Holland's driving license away?

  32. a) No, they had not. b) Yes, they had.

  33. 10 Had they taken the other man's away?

  34. a) No, they had not. b) Yes, they had.

  35. What about you:

  36. 1. Do you go info sports?

  37. 2. What kind of sport do you prefer?

  38. 3. What would you like best: to watch or to go info sport?

  39. 4. Why is it necessary to go info sports?

  40. СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННЫХ ИСТОЧНИКОВ

  1. L.A.Hill, Stories for reading. Comprehension 2 / Longman – L, SA.- 48 c

  2. B. Jones, One page reading / Mediterian – L, SA. – 173c.

  3. Liz Driscoll, Reading Extra / Cambridge University Press – L, SA.-124c.

  4. www.englisch-hilfen.de

  5. www.nativenglish.ru



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Дата добавления 27.06.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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