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Методическая разработка


открытого урока по теме: «The Problems of Ecology”.


Английский язык . 8 класс.


Тип урока: обобщающий урок.


Цели урока: развитие иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции;


Речевая компетенция – совершенствование коммуникативных умений, развитие умения вести диалог с обменом мнениями; умение представлять презентацию по теме;


Языковая компетенция – систематизация раннее изученного материала, увеличение объема используемых лексических единиц, развитие навыков владения языковыми единицами в коммуникативных целях:


Социокультурная компетенция – увеличение объема знаний о проблемах загрязнения окружающей среды и отношения к этим проблемам жителей планеты, страны и региона:


Учебно-познавательная компетенция - развитие общих и специальных учебных умений, позволяющих совершенствовать учебную деятельность по овладению английским языком.


Развивающая компетенция – развитие умения вести диалог с обменом мнениями, развитие готовности к участию в мероприятиях по защите экологии в своем регионе.


Воспитательная цель:

- воспитание гражданской ответственности за загрязнение окружающей среды.


Методы обучения:


Словесный: беседа, ученические проекты о проблемах экологии в мире и Курском регионе.


Наглядный: презентация о проблемах охраны окружающей среды, плакаты, репродукции картина с изображением природы, карта, изготовленная обучающимися «Environmental Problems of Our District».


Эпиграф урока (на доске). «If you don’t think about the future you will not have it »

John Galsworthy



Сценарий урока.


Teacher Today we are going to discuss the problems of environmental protection. It is our final lesson on the topic Ecology. The problem of ecology is very important now. We shall exchange our opinions about these global problems, how to protect our Earth, how to prevent further pollution of the atmosphere and what urgent and necessary measures to undertake.


Pupil 1. .Ecology is a science about nature and about relations of man with it. We are really one with nature, our planet and the Universe. Don’t forget. Our Earth is our Home. People must take care of it. Our environment must be clean.


Pupil 2. Unfortunately, our technical civilization thinking only of material goods succeeded in destroying Nature and creating the ecological crisis on our planet. These are the names of the main environmental problems of today: littering, air pollution, water pollution, endangered animals, and destruction of nature resources.


Pupil 3. People’s activity pollutes our environment. It is physical and chemical pollution. We can’t solve this problem without fighting together. Millions of cars and smoky factories pollute and spoil the air we breathe in. Pollution is hanging over big cities like an ugly brown cloud. It is hurting our lungs, the life of animals, birds and plants.


Pupil 4. We live on the Earth. This planet is our home. We want our home to be clean and new. We want to see blue seas and rivers, green trees and fields, clear sky. If you care about the planet, don’t make it dirty. Don’t leave plastic bags, bottles, litter in the streets, parks, forests. Remember that the future is in our hands.


Pupil 5. For a long time, too little attention was paid to the environment. Today the situation is different. People all over the world are worried what is happening to the environment because of modern industry and the need for more energy. Newspapers and magazines write about water, air and soil pollution. Now many parts of the world are overcrowded. People live in big cities and much of the waste, especially waste from factories, electric power stations; the chemical industry is very dangerous. Fish dies in lakes, rivers and seas, trees die too. Much of this dangerous waste goes into the air and is carried by winds for great distances. Animals and plants species are being wiped-out.


Teacher. You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. Children, do you like our city and our district. Do you want to see our district clean and tidy?


Pupil 5. No doubt, we like our city and our district. They are nice and beautiful.


Teacher. I share your opinion, but there are also some ecological problems in our area too. What do you think?


Pupil 1. There many problems in our region. Rivers are polluted. Flowers are pulled out. Litter is left.


Pupil 2. Water in our rivers is really polluted. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. People must not be passive observers. They must try to make future life better. Water pollution seems to be one of the main problems in our Kursk region.


Pupil 6. Trees are cut down. Birds and animals are frightened. The air is polluted.


Teacher. I agree with you. All these problems are very serious and important. Look at the map. The pictures on it show some environmental problems. Let’s discuss the problem of air pollution in our district. Who wants to begin?


Pupil 3.The ecological situation in our district for many years has been very dangerous because of the Chernobyl tragedy. It was dangerous to eat some kinds of food because of water, air and soil pollution in our district.


Teacher. Not only adult people are worried about the pollution of nature. Even schoolchildren think about this problem. Let’s listen to your projects.


(Listening to children’s projects)


Pupil 7. What have they done to the world?

What have they done to the seas, my

friends?

What have they done to the seas?

What have they done to the rivers, my

friends?

What have they done to our land, my

friends?

This land which is our from birth.

What have they done to our forests, my

friends?

What have they done to the Earth?

What have they done to the skies, my

friends?

Skies that are blue and so clear.

What have they done to the skies, my

friends?

What have they done to the air?

Pupil 1.The words of the poem impressed me greatly. I am upset because we have just seen on the map many polluted parts of our region. Now I know that buses and cars are sources of pollution too. And noise is a special kind of environmental pollution too.


Teacher. People of the whole world must take urgent measures to protect the environment from further pollution of the land, water and air. We must take care of our planet. The importance of this task is pointed out by ecologists, scientists who study the relations between living things and their environment. Each of us must do everything possible to keep the land, air and water clean.

There lots of ways of keeping our planet clean. What are they? What we should do and what we mustn’t do. Let’s have a talk. Who wants to be first?


Pupil 1. One way is to remember 3 rules: reduce, recycle and reuse.


Teacher. What is reduced, reused and recycled in your family.


Pupil 2. In our family energy is reduced. We all know it is important to recycle things.


Pupil 3. And in our family paper is recycled. Paper comes from trees. If we don’t recycle paper, a lot of trees will be destroyed. Many birds, plants and animals may become extinct.


Pupil 4 And in our family we never buy drinks in plastic bottles. These can’t be recycled and plastic won’t even degrade. If you throw this bottle away, it will litter the Earth forever. Only buy water and other drinks in aluminum cans or glass bottles. Buy milk and juice in cartons. Glass, aluminum and carton can be recycled


Pupil.2. We save water. It is better to water the garden in the coolest part of the day. We do it in the evening.


Pupil 3. And I never cut wild flowers. In England, for example, since the Second World War 22 wild flower species have disappeared forever, 317 are standing on the brink.


Teacher. How children protect nature.


Pupil 4. We plant trees and flowers. We take care of animals. We do not break trees, pick wild flowers in the forest or in the field. We must not throw waste paper or other things into the rivers and lakes.


Teacher. Pollution is a complicated problem. Automobiles are polluting the air but they provide transportation for the people. Factories pollute the air and the water but they provide jobs for people and produce necessary goods. Fertilizers and pesticides are important for growing crops but they can ruin soil.

We must understand that science itself can’t be good or bad. Another thing is how people use its achievements. People must reduce pollution from their own activity

So the problem is to protect life on Earth, to save our planet for people.


Teacher. It’s time to pass Declaration.


  • The Earth is our home,

  • I promise to keep it healthy and beautiful,

  • I will love the land, the air, the water and all living creatures,

  • United with friends, I will be a defender,

  • United with friends, I will love the land,

  • I will save the Earth,

  • We will save the Earth/


Dear children. Now you know how dangerous the ecological situation on the Earth is. Positive results depend on serious attention of the people of the whole world to the problem. I hope you will be active members of the movement for protecting the environment from further pollution.

We love our country and we must do our best to save it. We will finish our lesson with a poem.


Pupil 1.


Oh, Russia, I’m in Love with you

Remember, Russia, you are great.

Not in the fields of battles past

But in the green fields full of wheat

And forests, gardens, free of dust.

I love you deeply, leer land,

Your hills and rivers, sand on strand,

Your songs and dancers, lakes and seas,

Your beasts and fish, birds in trees.

Your sunrise in a splendid sight

Which gives me always such delight.


Teacher. The lesson is over. Thank you for your active work and attention.



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Тема урока: “The UK and some interesting facts about it and its political system’’.

Цель: 1) Научить учащихся строить монологические и диалогические высказывания по пройденной теме.

2) Научить учащихся рассказывать о Британии, опираясь на изученный материал.

Задачи: 1) Расширить кругозор учащихся за счет лингвострановедческого материала.

2) Развить грамматические навыки говорения.

Оборудование: компьютер, телевизор, карта, доска, раздаточный материал (карточки с заданиями и опорными выражениями).

Ход урока:

Teacher:

Pupils:

Good afternoon, boys and girls!

I am glad to see you! Sit down, please!

The theme of our lesson is “The UK and some interesting facts about it and its political system.”

Today we are going to discuss the geographical position of the UK, the names of its parts, capitals and symbols.

We are talking about the Union Jack, the head of the state and its parliament.

And at the end of the lesson we’ll make up short dialogues about traveling around the UK.

Let’s first of all remember the official name of Britain.

1)What is the official name of Britain?

2)Where is the UK situated?

So, you know that the UK is an island.

3)What are there the two main islands in the UK?

4)What water bodies are washed the UK by?

5)What are the water bodies that separate Britain from the continent?

6)What parts does the UK consist of?

7)What are the capitals of these parts?

Let’s talk about the symbols of each part.

8)What is the symbol of England?

9)What are the symbols of Wales?

10)What is the symbol of Scotland?

11)What is the symbol of Northern Ireland?

12)Can you tell me what the name The Union Jack means.

13)What else can you tell me about The Union Jack? How many crosses is it made up of?

Ah! By the way, do you know who the head of the state is?

14)What do you know about the Queen and her ruling?(The Queen is the symbol of the country history and its traditions. She is very rich. She travels about the UK and meets a lot of people.)

15)What does she do then?

16)Where does the Queen live?

17)But who has the real power in the UK?

18)Who is the head of the British Government?(Gordon Brown)

19)What information do you know about the British Parliament?

20)What does the House of Lords do?

21)Are the members of the House of Lords elected?

22)What can you tell me about the House of Commons? What does it do?

23)Are the members of the House of Commons elected?

24)How often are they elected by the British people?

You know that the capital of the UK is London, let’s speak about two the most remarkable sightseeings of London.

The first one (sightseeing) is

Trafalgar Square
.

25) What can you see in

Trafalgar Square
?

25)What is the National Gallery?

The second well-known sightseeing of London is the Tower of London.

27) Who built the Tower of London?

28) What for did he build it?

Yes, you are right; he built it because he was afraid of being killed by Londoners.

You know that it was a fortress, a palace and even a prison.

29)What is the Tower of London now?

30) What legend do you know about Tower of London?

Good afternoon, Yuliya Victorovna!

We are glad to see you too!

1)The official name of Britain is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

2)The UK is situated in the BritishIslands.

3)The two main islands are Great Britain and Ireland.

4)The UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the North Sea in the east.

5)The UK is separated from the continent by the English Cannel and the Strait of Dover.

6)The UK consists of 4 parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

7)The capital of England is London.

The capital of Wales is Cardiff.

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh.

The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast.

8)The symbol of England is red rose.

9) The symbols of Wales are leek and daffodils.

10) The symbol of Scotland is thistle.

11) The symbol of Northern Ireland is shamrock.

12) It is the name of flag of the UK.

13) The Union Jack is the official name of The UK flag. It is made up of three crosses: the first cross is the cross of St. George – the patron saint of England; the second cross is the cross of St. Andrew - the patron saint of Scotland; the third cross is the cross of St. Patrick - the patron saint of Ireland.

The head of the state is the Queen Elizabeth II.

14) The Queen doesn’t rule the country as she has no power.

15) She travels about the UK. Visits hospitals, schools and meets a lot of people.

16) The Queen lives in BuckinghamPalace.

17) The real power in the UK belongs to the British Parliament and the British Government.

18) The head of the British Government is Prime Minister.

19) The British Parliament has two houses: The House of Lords and the House of Commons.

20) The House of Lords doesn’t have much power. It can offer and change laws and it can delay laws too.

21) The members of the House of Lords are not elected. They are aristocrats, people of church, lawyers and former politicians.

22) The House of Commons makes laws about the policy of the country, taxes and many other things.

23) The members of the Commons are elected.

24) The members of the Commons are elected every 5 years

25) Some people say that

Trafalgar Square
is the most beautiful place in London. In the middle of the square stands a tall column. It’s a monument to Admiral Nelson. Four bronze lions look at the square from the monument. There are two beautiful fountains in the square. They are in front of the National Gallery.

26) The National Gallery is one of the best picture galleries of the world.

27) The Tower of London was built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century.

28) He built it because he was afraid of being killed by Londoners.

29) The Tower of London is a museum.

30) There are always 12 ravens in the Tower of London. People look after them very well as they believe that London will be rich while ravens live there.

That is the end of our discussion. I am going to give you cards with the task.

Card:

Task: Make up a short dialogue using all information discussed above.

A holiday-maker

A travel agent

One of you is a holidaymaker who comes to the travel agency and wants to travel to the UK but knows nothing about it (the UK).

Hello! I have a holiday.

…want to travel to the UK

...see the most remarkable sightseeings

Can you tell me about …?

- position of the UK

- the head of the state

- the political system of the country

Oh! It’s very interesting.

I am sure that I want to visit the UK.

The second one is a travel agent who can and wants to share some information about the UK.

Hello! I am your travel-agent. My name is…

It’s a great idea! I traveled to the UK a week ago.

I saw the two the most remarkable sightseeings (

Trafalgar Square
and the Tower of London)

The Queen Elizabeth II

The House of Lords and the House of

The UK is the worth place to visit.

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Дата добавления 05.05.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
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