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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Упражнение к лекции по английскому языку на тему "Вымершие животные"

Упражнение к лекции по английскому языку на тему "Вымершие животные"

  • Иностранные языки

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  1. Quagga

_______________ of the Karoo Plains and southern Free State of South Africa were a subspecies of the Burchell’s Zebra, although their unique appearance wouldn't necessarily make this apparent. Some thought incorrectly that the ____________ was the female of Burchell's Zebra, probably because the natives gave both zebras the same name.

In the wild, ___________, Ostriches and Wildebeests often grazed together in what was termed the "triple alliance". The ___________'s hearing, the Ostrich's eyesight and the Wildibeast's keen sense of smell comprised excellent defense from predators for the entire herd. However, its limited range made it all the more vulnerable and ____________ were hunted to the brink of extinction in the mid 19th Century by settlers razing sheep, goats and other livestock. The last ______________ died in in 1883 in an Amsterdam Zoo.

  1. Tasmanian Wolf or Thylacine, Thylacinus cynocephalus

The _____________ is not a wolf, but a carnivorous marsupial and a relative of wombats and kangaroos. It even has a pouch. Tasmanian officials promoting ranching paid bounties to hunters. Believed to be extinct for well over half a century, unconfirmed reported sightings persist.

  1. Steller's Sea Cow

__________________ was discovered in the Aleutian Islands by George Steller while exploring with Vitus Bering in 1741. They grew as large as 35 feet long and weighed up to three-and-a-half tons. Sailors ate their meat and used their leather. They were easily killed and vanished from their only home within 30 years after Steller's discovery.

  1. Megaloceros giganteus or the Irish Elk

_______________first appeared about 400,000 years ago. It possibly evolved from M. antecedens. The earlier taxon — sometimes considered a paleosubspecies _____________ antecedens — is similar but had more complex and compact antlers.

________________stood about 2.1 metres (6.9 ft) tall at the shoulders, and it had the largest antlers of any known cervid (a maximum of 3.65 m (12.0 ft) from tip to tip and weighing up to 40 kilograms (88 lb)). In body size, ___________ matched the extant moose subspecies of Alaska (Alces alces gigas) as the largest known deer. A significant collection of ___________ skeletons can be found at the Natural History Museum in Dublin.

It should be noted that the ___________ does not in any way directly correspond to any living species today, including even the Alaskan moose or North American elk. It is taxonomically a giant and completely extinct deer.

  1. Caspian Tigers

___________________ lived in China, Tajikistan, Iran, Afghanistan and Turkey. They were hunted for their furs and to protect livestock. A ban on hunting the _______________ in the USSR in 1947 followed their greatest destruction in the 1930s. The last _____________ reported shot was in 1957.

  1. Aurochs

Two million years ago, an enormous species of ox, called_______________, emerged from regions of northern India and migrated into Europe, long before the arrival of humans. Their massive size, standing at a height of over 6 feet, and 4 foot long horns inspired the earliest artists, painting them in the caves of Lascaux, France. The creatures were impressive enough to move Julius Caesar, who wrote of the primitive ox as being "a little smaller than an elephant, but with the color, appearance and shape of a bull. Their strength and speed are extraordinary." ________________ were soon domesticated, and highly regarded for their resiliency to cold, heat, and famine. But, when the last primitive ox died in Poland in 1627 from poaching, it seemed the _____________ would be lost forever--that is, until now. According to a report from BBC Brasil, scientists in southern Italy are hoping to "revive" the large ox by cross breeding three different breeds of existing cattle. In 1996, researchers were able to map the ______________' genetics from bone samples--and they believe that the breeding could produce oxen with nearly identical DNA to the extinct animal.

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Дата добавления 22.08.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Номер материала ДA-010706
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