Готуємося до ЗНО.
Тема «Особистісні пріоритети.Personal values and Priorities.»
Мета:активізувати лексику з теми та повторити граматичний матеріал шляхом виконання лексико –граматичних вправ та тестів у форматі ЗНО,навчити розповідати про особистісні пріоритети в усній та письмовій формі.
-life is turning out the way you want it to.
-match your values
align with your personal values,
a real source of unhappiness
acknowledge your values
feel internal stress and conflict
work in a highly competitive environment
accept this promotion
compromise, or be firm with my position
follow tradition, or travel down a new path
have strict limits or boundaries
be a top priority
keeping in touch with your values is a lifelong exercise.
to look back on your life
to contribute to your happiness
share your pride
give your life meaning
have a tough time
feel good about yourself
it puts you in the minority
to rely on your values
use them as a strong guiding force
to point you in the right direction.
Translate word combinations from the vocabulary into Russian/Ukrainian
Make up 10 sentences of your own, using the word combinations from the list above.
Use the verbs in the appropriate tense form.
1)He______(accept)the promotion and he’s a top manager now.
2)I always__________(share)my pride with my family.
3)I_____(feel)good about myself now.
4)The birth of a child______(give)her life meaning.
5)When I make important decisions I always________(rely)on my values.
6)Ask your father for advice an he________(point)you in the right direction.
7)Bill ______(to be sacked)last month and he________(have)a tough time now.
8)I never________(work)in such a competitive environment.
9)If he_______(refuse)to support you it__________(put)you in the minotity.
10)I_______(leave)for Australia next week,but I_______(keep)in touch with my relatives in Ukraine.
11)That victory at the contest__________(contribute)much to his happiness.
12)In some years she_____(look)back at her life and _____(write)a book.
Define Your Values
When you define your personal values, you discover what's truly important to you. A good way of starting to do this is to look back on your life – to identify when you felt really good, and really confident that you were making good choices.
Find examples from both your career and personal life. This will ensure some balance in your answers.
What were you doing?
Were you with other people? Who?
What other factors contributed to your happiness?
Use examples from your career and personal life.
Why were you proud?
Did other people share your pride? Who?
What other factors contributed to your feelings of pride?
Again, use both work and personal examples.
What need or desire was fulfilled?
How and why did the experience give your life meaning?
What other factors contributed to your feelings of fulfillment?
Step 4:Determine your top values, based on your experiences of happiness, pride, and fulfillment
Why is each experience truly important and memorable? Use the following list of common personal values to help you get started – and aim for about 10 top values. (As you work through, you may find that some of these naturally combine. For instance, if you value philanthropy, community, and generosity, you might say that service to others is one of your top values.)
Being the best
Making a difference
Read the text below and answer the questions.
Your values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live and work.
They determine your priorities, and, deep down, they're probably the measures you use to tell if your life is turning out the way you want it to.
When the things that you do and the way you behave match your values, life is usually good – you're satisfied and feel content. But when these don't align with your personal values, that's when things feel... wrong. This can be a real source of unhappiness.
Values exist, whether you recognize them or not. Life can be much easier when you acknowledge your values – and when you make plans and decisions that honor them.
If you value family, but you have to work 70-hour weeks in your job, will you feel internal stress and conflict? And if you don't value competition, and you work in a highly competitive sales environment, are you likely to be satisfied with your job?
In these types of situations, understanding your values can really help. When you know your own values, you can use them to make decisions about how to live your life, and you can answer questions like these:
What job should I pursue?
Should I accept this promotion?
Should I start my own business?
Should I compromise, or be firm with my position?
Should I follow tradition, or travel down a new path?
Values are usually fairly stable, yet they don't have strict limits or boundaries. Also, as you move through life, your values may change. For example, when you start your career, success – measured by money and status – might be a top priority. But after you have a family, work-life balance may be what you value more.
As your definition of success changes, so do your personal values. This is why keeping in touch with your values is a lifelong exercise. You should continuously revisit this, especially if you start to feel unbalanced... and you can't quite figure out why.
As you go through the exercise below, bear in mind that values that were important in the past may not be relevant now.
1)How would you define your values?
2)How values help you?
3)When do you feel unhappy?
4)How do our priorities change as we move through life?
5)What should you do to feel balanced?
Read the text below.Match chices(A-I) to (1-6).There are three choices you don’t need to use.
Lately, many articles written for adults are focused on the importance of a work-life balance. Although teens may not be holding down full-time jobs, they are still under a lot of pressure from their daily responsibilities, and can benefit from finding a healthy balance. School, extracurricular activities, sports, part-time jobs, and responsibilities at home can cause a teen's life to feel like a juggling act.
If you feel stressed or overwhelmed, you can use the suggestions below.
Decide what is most important and what needs to be done first. You do not need to do everything in one night. Prioritize what needs to be done early in the week, and what can be done later. If you are focusing on a few projects a night rather than worrying about all of them every night you will do a better job on each assignment.
Being well-rounded is important. However, you do not need to be the captain of the football team, the lead in the school play, and employee of the month. Choose one or two activities that you can enjoy while also getting your school work done and having time to relax or visit with friends.
Set goals that you can see yourself achieving within a week, two weeks or maybe a month. Setting goals that are too high can make you feel more stressed if you cannot realistically achieve them.
It is normal to feel overwhelmed when things get busy, assignments are due, and the coach scheduled extra practice. If you are feeling especially stressed or depressed, you may want to look at everything you are involved in and see if there are one or two things you can cut out until you feel better.
Be honest with yourself. If there's an activity that no longer brings you joy, think about whether you really want to continue pursuing it. It's hard to let go of something you've invested years in, but if it's become a chore with little return for you, it may be time to drop it.
Eat a balanced and healthy diet, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep. Do not sacrifice your health because you feel you are too busy to take care of yourself. A combination of a healthy diet, regular exercise, and plenty of sleep helps relieve stress.
Set aside a half an hour a day to do something that just makes you feel good. Read a book or a favorite magazine, take a walk, or ride your bike. This time that you take for yourself will help you focus when you sit down to finish your homework or practice lines for the school play. Try new ways to deal with stress such as Yoga, Tai Chi, and meditation.
A. Take Care of Yourself
B. Set Realistic Goals
C. Acknowledge Your Feelings
D. Schedule Time for You
E. Don’t do the work which is not interesting for you.
F. Set Priorities
G. Try to be the best.
H. Do Not Be an Over-Achiever
I. Hang along with your friends.
Task 7 . Read the text below. For questions 7-12 choose the answer A,B,C,D
Diving is my passion, my life. I have been doing it since I was a kid. I was taught by my dad, who had been a diver at the University o Pennsylvania.
Later, I attended Pennsylvania State University, where I became a platform diver. A 10-meter platform is as high as a three-storey building. You hit the water like a bullet. My first time on the platform, it took me a half hour standing at the edge before I got up the nerve to dive. I have never looked back since.
After I graduated, I moved to Florida to train with legendary diving coach, Ron O'Brien. Coach O'Brien said I stood a chance of making the US Olympic team that would compete in the Barcelona summer games.
Training is grueling ,but all that was worth it. When I was named to the US Olympic Diving team, I called back home immediately: "I made it, Dad !"
Though I had good news, Dad had bad. He was scheduled for open-heart surgery. My first impulse was to skip the Olympics so I could stay with him. Dad would not hear of it. "After all, Mare," he reassured me, "isn't this what I got you started on ? Remember ?"
Through all my years of competition, one image I kept close was that of my father bending me into the proper dive position on the springboard when I was little.
Now, hugging me goodbye before I left for Barcelona, my father said, "I'll be watching you on TV, Mare." On the plane, I prayed and received the strong impression he would be all right.
Soon I was faced with another dilemma. The opening ceremonies were scheduled to take place between 8.00 pm and 1.00 am the night before my first event. I would get only a few hours' sleep if I marched with the other US Olympians. "We can always watch it on TV back at the Olympic village," Coach said.
I recalled Dad's words: "I'll be watching you on TV." So I marched, the only platform diver at the ceremonies.
On the last day of competition I stepped up to the edge of the platform and turned my back to the water. When I shot back to the surface after my dive I heard Coach O'Brien yelling, "Bronze, Mary Ellen, bronze !"
As I stood on the awards platform to accept my medal, I knew Dad was watching. This is for you, Dad, I thought. What an incredible feeling !
Who had been Mary Ellen's first diving coach ?
A. Her elder brother
B.A teacher from Pennsylvania State University
C. Her father
D.A legendary diving coach, Ron O'Brien
8.What education did Mary get?
A.A higher education
B.A secondary education only
C. She was educated by her father
D. She attended a high sport school
Why did Mary Ellen consider missing the Olympics ?
A. Because she had been injured during the training
B. Because the trainings were too hard for her
C. Because her father had to be operated.
D. Because she was afraid to take part in the Olympics.
What was the reason for Mary Ellen’s decision to take part in the opening ceremonies ?
A. It was compulsory for all the athletes
B. Her father was going to watch it on TV.
C. She wanted to see herself on TV.
D. She was appointed as the only representative of the team.
How did she perform at the competitions?
A. She won.
B. She took the second place.
C. She took the third place.
D. She did her best but she lost.
12.Whom she was thinking of standing on the awards platform
A. Of her father.
B. Of her coach.
C. Of her boyfriend.
D. Of herself.
Task 8. Read the text below. Choose from( A-H) the one on which best fits each space(13-17)There are two choices you do not need to use.
Comprehensive lifestyle changes,_______________(13), can lead not only to a better physical condition , but also to swift and dramatic changes at the genetic level, U.S. researchers said on Monday. In a small study, the researchers tracked 30 men with low-risk prostate cancer who decided against conventional medical treatment such as __________(14).
The men underwent three months of major lifestyle changes, including eating a diet rich in ______________(15), moderate exercise such as walking for half an hour a day, and an hour of daily stress management methods such as meditation. As expected, they lost weight, lowered their blood pressure and saw other____________(16). But the researchers found more profound changes when they compared prostate biopsies taken before and after the lifestyle changes. After the three months, the men had changes in activity in about 500 genes -- including 48 that were turned on and 453 genes that were turned off. The activity of disease-preventing genes increased while a number of disease-promoting genes, including those involved in prostate cancer and breast cancer, shut down.
The research was led by Dr. Dean Ornish, head of the Preventive Medicine Research Institute in Sausalito, California, and a well-known author ______________(17)."It's an exciting finding because so often people say, 'Oh, it's all in my genes, what can I do?' Well, it turns out you may be able to do a lot"."
A. surgery and radiation or hormone therapy.
B. health improvements
C. running and jumping
D. fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and soy products
E. including a better diet and more exercise
F. advocating lifestyle changes to improve health
G. including smoking and drugs
H. Coffee, tea and cakes
Keys for tasks 6-8
F 2)H 3)B 4)C 5)A 6)D
7)C 8)A 9)C 10)B 11)C 12)A
13)E 14)A 15)D 16)B 17)F