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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Упражнения по английскому языку на тему "Past Simple or Prsent Perfect"
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Упражнения по английскому языку на тему "Past Simple or Prsent Perfect"

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hello_html_m746b02ae.gifсамоучитель Эккерсли

Past Simple or Present Perfect. Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Complete the pairs of sentences. Use the Present Perfect in one sentence and the Past Simple in the other.

  1. I (know)  _______ her for six years. I (know) _______  him when I was at school.

  1. He (live) _______  in Paris from 1997 to 2000.He (live) _______  in New York since 2001.

  1. Where's Pete? I (not see) _______  him for ages. I (not see) _______  Pete last night.

  1. We (be) _______  at primary school from 1993 to 1998.We (be) _______ in this class since September.

  1. I (not watch) _______  this video yet.I (not watch) _______ a video at the weekend.

Упражнение 2. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1.  I ________ (never/ be) to the USA. I ______ (want) to go there last summer but I couldn’t.

2.  He _______ (live) in this street all his life.

3.  His father ________ (come back) to London last Sunday.

4.  Yan __________ (write) a letter to Nick two days ago.

5.  He ________ (send) his letter yesterday.

6.  They  ________  (just/ buy) some postcards.

   Упражнение 3. Fill in last night, ever, ago, just, yet, always in the right place.

1.  Nick’s uncle went to Russia 3 years. 2.  Mr. Rambler has come back from Belarus.

3.  Nick has wanted to visit Belarus. 4.  Mr. Rambler saw Yan.

5.  They haven’t visited this old castle.

 Упражнение 4. Choose the correct option.

  1. She has /‘s had a moped since she was 15.

  2. We took /‘ve taken a taxi to town that morning.

  3. We played /'ve played volleyball last night

  4. I'm really hungry. I didn’t eat / haven’t eaten since last night.

  5. They visited/ ‘ve visited Colorado last summer.

Упражнение 5. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. Maria (get) ______ some bad news last week. She (be) ______ sad since she (get) ______  the bad news.

2. I  (start) ______  school when I was five years old. I (be) ______  at school since I (be) ______  five years old.

3. I  (change) ______ my job three times this year.

4. I  (change) ______  my job three times last year.

5.  The weather was hot and dry for many weeks. But two days ago it (rain) ______.

6.  Tom (break) ______  his leg five days ago. He’s in hospital. He (be) ______  in hospital since he (break) ______  his leg.

7.  Are you going to finish your work before you go to bed? — I (finish) ______  it (already). I (finish) ______  my work two hours ago.

Упражнение 6.  Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. I (have, just) ______   a nice pot of coffee. Would you like a cup?

2. I (see, not) ______   Steve this morning yet.

3.  Carol and I are old friends. I (know) ______   her since I (be) ______   a freshman in high school.

4.  Maria (have) ______   a lot of problems since she (come) ______   to this country.

5. I  (go) ______  to Paris in 2003 and 2006.

6.  A car came round the corner and I (jump) ______   out of the way.

7.  Don’t throw the paper away because I (not to read) ______   it yet.

8.  Is Jim going to eat lunch with us today? — No. He (eat) ______   (already).He (eat) ______   lunch an hour ago.

9.  Since we (start) ______   doing this exercise, we (complete) ______  some sentences.

10. I (be) ______   never to Italy.

 Упражнение 7. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1.  You (ever work) ______ in a shop?

2. I (work) ______ at my uncle’s shop when I was younger.

3.  It’s the first time I (be) ______ on a ship.

4.  Ann is looking for her key. She can’t find it. She (lose) ______ her key.

5.  How many symphonies Beethoven (compose) ______?

6.  Look! Somebody (spill) ______ ink on the notebook.

7.  You (have) ______ a holiday this year yet?

8.  You (see) ______ any good films recently?

9. He (have, not) ______ any problems since he (come ) ______ here.

 Упражнение 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Present Perfect

1. I  (cut) ______ some flowers from my garden yesterday. I (cut) ______  lots of flowers from my garden so far this summer.

2. I  (not / see) ______  Tom lately.

3. The artist (draw) ______  a picture of sunset yesterday. She (draw) ______ many pictures of sunsets in her lifetime.

4. I  (feed) ______ birds at the park yesterday. I (feed) ______  birds at the park every day since I (lose) ______  my job.

5. Ann (wake up) ______  late and (miss) _______ her breakfast on Monday.

6. I (forget) ______  to turn off the stove after dinner. I (forget) ______  to turn off the stove a lot of times in my lifetime.

7.  The children (hide) ______ in the basement yesterday. They (hide) ______  in the basement often since they (discover) ______  a secret place there.

8.  The baseball player (hit) ______ the ball out of the stadium yesterday. He (hit) ______ a lot of homeruns since he (join) ______  our team.

9.  We first (meet) ______ in 2001. So we (know) _______  each other for 8 years.





















Present Perfect: have/has если правильные глаголы ed have/has если неправильные глаголы III форма

слова-спутники Present Perfect: already (уже), just (только что), yet (еще), since (с тех пор как), ever (когда либо), never (никогда), recently (недавно), for 5 year (5 лет)

Употребление:

действие окончено к данному моменту речи и есть результат,

период времени еще не окончен, например: на этой неделе, в этом месяце, в этом году,

когда говорим о новостях,

Когда речь идет о жизни и достижениях живых людей, В вопросах после вопросительного слова: How long...?,

Если рассказываем о недавнем событии, о новотси, то сама новость передается в Present Perfect, а его детали и подробности (время, место) в Past Simple.

Past Simple: если правильные глаголы ed если неправильные глаголы II форма

слова-спутники Past Simple: last… (в прошлом ...), ...ago (назад), yesterday (вчера), in 1995( в .........году)

Действие не относится к настоящему моменту, Действие началось и закончилось в прошлом.

Когда период, за который произошло действие, завершен и данное действие не может повториться в дальнейшем за этот период.

Когда говорим об исторических событиях.

Когда речь идет о жизни и достижениях людей, которых нет в живых.

В вопросах после вопросительных слов: When...? How long ago...? Повествование о прошлом событии, когда все события следуют друг за другом.

Упражнение 9. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect.

1. She (change) ______  a lot since she left school. 2. I  (see) ______ this film and I don’t want to see it again. 3.  We first (meet) ______ in 2001. So we (know) _______  each other for 8 years. 4 Tom Hanks  (win) ______  an Oscar several times already. 5.  Long ago, they (build) ______  most houses out of wood. 6.  Scientists still (not/find) ______  a cure for cancer. 7.  Sean (eat, never) ______  Chinese food before. 8.  In my first job, I (be) ______  responsible for marketing.9.  The last job I (apply) ______ for required applicants to speak some Japanese. 10.  The first modern Olympics  (take) ______  place in Athens more than a hundred years ago. 11. I am writing in connection with the advertisement which (appear) ______  in December. 

Упражнение 10. Найдите ошибки

  1. We lived here since 1997.

  2. I've been ill since two days.

  3. How long do you know him?

  4. Susie has seen a good film last night.

  5. We've finished our homework just.

  6. I've already wrote three letters.

Упражнение 11. Complete the sentences. Use the Present Perfect or the Past Simple.

Helen:  That's a nice tennis racket. Is it new?

Andy: No, (I/have) ________ it for about a year, but ( I/not play) _______ with it very much. ( I/buy) ________ it in Florida.

Helen: When ( you/go) ________ to America?

Andy: ( I/go)  ________ there with my family in the spring.

Helen: What was it like?

Andy: Great! (I/stay) ___________ with my penfriend.

Helen: Is your penfriend American?

Andy: Yes. ( I/have) ________ an American penfriend for two years. (he/come) __________   to England last summer.

Helen: (I/not meet)  _______ him.

Andу: No, (you/be) ______ on holiday in Turkey.

Упражнение 12. Choose the correct form of the verb.

  1. We went/ ‘ve been to the seaside last summer.

  2. I finished / ‘ve finished my homework. Can I go out now?

  3. I was /‘ve been ill three month ago.

  4. Have you been / Did you to the shop? I need some stamps.

  5. My hobby is fishing. I’ve caught / caught a lot of fish.

  6. Jenny is in Oxford today, but she was /has been in London yesterday.

  7. I played /'ve played basketball when I was younger, but l don’t play now.

  8. I’ve already seen / already saw 'Shrek'.

  9. Julie has been / was ill since Tuesday.

  10. I didn't see / haven't seen Josh since 1998.

  11. We've stayed / stayed at our grandparents for three days. We arrived home yesterday.

 

















Ответы:

Exercise 1.1 have known / knew, 2 lived / has lived, 3 haven’t seen / didn’t see, 4 were / have been, 5 haven’t watched / didn’t watch

Exercise 2.1 have never been / wanted, 2 has lived, 3 came back, 4 wrote, 5 sent, 6 have just bought

Exercise 3.

1. Nick’s uncle went to Russia 3 years ago.

2.  Mr. Rambler has just come back from Belarus.

3.  Nick has always wanted to visit Belarus.

4.  Mr. Rambler saw Yan last night.

5.  They haven’t visited this old castle yet.

6. Have you ever been to England.

Exercise 4.1 ‘s had, 2 took, 3 played, 4 haven’t eaten, visited

Exercise 5.1 got / has been / got, 2 started, have been / was, 3 have changed, 4 changed, 5 rained, 6 broke / has been / broke, 7 have already finished / finished

Exercise 6.1 have just had, 2 haven’t seen, 3 have known /was, 4 has had / came, 5 went, 6 jumped, 7 haven’t read, 8  has already eaten / ate, 9 started /have completed, 10 have never been

Exercise 7.1 have you ever worked, 2 worked, 3 have been, 4 has lost, 5 did Beethoven compose, 6 has spilt, 7 have you had, 8 have you seen, 9 hasn’t had / came

Exercise 81 cut / have cut, 2 haven’t seen, 3 drew / has drawn, 4 fed / have fed /lost, 5 woke up / missed, 6 forgot / have forgotten, 7 hid / have hidden / discovered, 8 hit has / hit / joined, 9 met / have known

Exercise 9.1 has changed, 2 have seen, 3 originated, 4 has won, 5 built, 7 has never eaten, 8 was, 9 applied, 10 took, 11 appeared

Exercise 10.Moved, have lived, met, have known, haven’t seen, have been, didn’t like, didn’t have.

Exercise 11.1 lived -> have lived, 2 since -> for, 3 do you know -> have you known, 4 has seen -> saw, 5 We've finished our homework just. -> We've just finished our homework, 6 wrote -> written

Exercise 12.

Have had, haven’t played, bought, did you go, went, stayed, have had, came, didn’t meet, were

Exercise 13.

1 went, 2 ‘ve finished, 3 was, 4 Have you been, 5 I’ve caught, 6 was, 7 played, 8 I’ve already seen, 9 has been, 10 haven’t seen, 11 stayed, 12 went, 13 ‘ve had, 14 waited





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Дата добавления 11.03.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
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