1. Вс тавьте один из следующих глаголов в нужной форме в пропущенные места:
Cause, damage, hold, include, invite, make, overtake, show, translate, write
Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.
Cheese _____________________ from milk.
The roof of the building ___________________ in a storm a few days ago.
There’s no need to leave a tip. Service _________________ in the bill.
You _________________ to the wedding. Why didn't you go?
A cinema is a place where films _____________________ .
In the United States, elections for President ___________________ every four years.
Originally the book _________________ in Spanish and a few years ago it into English.
9 We were driving along quite fast but we _____________________ by lots of other cars.
2. Прочтите текст об изготовлении бокалов. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в форме Present Simple Passive.
Champagne, the king of wines and wine of kings, tastes all the better when it 1. is drunk (drink) from an elegant, fine-quality glass. That, however, is only one of thousands of ways glass 2__________________ (use) today. And for all those different uses, many different types of glass 3__________________ (produce).
Glass products 4__________________ (manufacture) in different ways. Today, glass 5__________________ (blow) by hand in the traditional way which the Romans first developed, but now this work 6__________________ (do) by robots, too. Generally, in industry, much faster methods of mass production 7_________________ (need). Often, for example, glass 8__________________ (press) into the necessary shape by machine. Glass 9__________________ (shape) in other ways too. For example, it 10_________________ (make) into long, very thin fibres. Fibres like these 11__________________ (require) to make the fibre-optic cables that help to build the Information Super-Highway round the world.
3. Напишите вопросы в страдательном залоге. Некоторые из них в настоящем времени, некоторые – в прошлом.
Ask about the telephone. (when/invent?) When was the telephone invented?
Ask about glass. (how/make?) How _____________________?
Ask about Australia. (when/discover?) ________________________?
Ask about silver. (what/use for?) _________________________?
Ask about television. (when/invent?) __________________________?
4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в нужном времени (present или past) и залоге.
It’s a big factory. Five hundred people are employed (employ) there.
Water __________ (cover) most of the Earth’s surface.
Most of the Earth’s surface ____________ (cover) by water.
The park gates __________ (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.
The letter __________ (post) a week ago and it __________ (arrive) yesterday.
The boat __________ (sink) quickly but fortunately everybody __________ (rescue).
7 Ron’s parents __________ (die) when he was very young. He and his sister __________ (bring) up by their grandparents.
I was born in London but I __________ (grow) up in the north of England.
While I was on holiday, my camera __________ (steal) from my hotel room.
While I was on holiday, my camera __________ (disappear) from my hotel room.
Why __________ (Sue/resign) from her job? Didn’t she enjoy it?
Why __________ (Bill/sack) from his job? What did he do wrong?
The company is not independent. It __________ (own) by a much larger company.
I saw an accident last night. Somebody __________ (call) an ambulance but nobody __________ (injure) so the ambulance __________ (not/need).
Where __________ (these photographs/take)? In London? __________ (you/take) them?
5. Вставьте один из следующих глаголов в пропущенные места (в нужной форме):
do , make, repair, send , spend, wake up
The situation is serious. Something must be done before it's too late.
I haven’t received the letter. It might have been sent to the wrong address.
A decision will not __________________ until the next meeting.
I told the hotel receptionist that I wanted to __________________ at 6.30 the next morning.
Do you think that less money should __________________ on ornaments?
This road is in very bad condition. It should __________________ a long time ago.
The injured man couldn't walk and had to __________________.
It’s not certain how the fire started but it might __________________ by an electrical fault.
6. Сделайте из предложений в действительном залоге предложения в Present Perfect Passive.
1. They first made cognac in 1643. Cognac has been made since 1643.
2. People drank wine over 5,000 years ago. _____________________________for over 5,000 years.
3. They first brewed beer near Munich almost 1,000 years ago. _____________________________ for almost 1,000 years.
4. People first bought beer in cans in 1935. _____________________________ since 1935.
5. They first produced whisky more than 700 years ago. _____________________________ for over 700 years.
6. People first sold Coca-Cola in 1886. _____________________________ since 1886.
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