The problem of ecology
“Real conditional” және “the modal verb should” тақырыптарын бекіту;
Экология туралы оқушыларды сөйлеуге үйрету, жаңа мәтінмен жумыс істеу ;
Ойлау, есте сақтау қабілетін дамыту ;
Оқушының сөздік қорын дамыту;
Экологиялық тәрбие беру;
Қоршаған ортаны, табиғатты аялауға шақыру
I. Ұйымдастыру кезеңі:
What day is it today? Who is absent?
What date is it today? What’s your home task?
The theme of our today’s lesson is “The problem of ecology”, but also we’ll review 2 grammar themes: “real conditional” and “the modal verb “should”” and we’ll revise the vocabulary.
II Үй тапсырмасывн тексеру:
The home task was to learn the poem about nature or ecology. The teacher asks some students to tell the poem by heart.
III Жаңа сабаққа кіріспе
1. revision of the vocabulary
a) This word means the place and conditions of life. (surroundings)
b) To make air, water, soil, forest dirty or dangerously impure (pollute)
c) The action of polluting (pollution)
d) To keep safe or alive, to protect (to preserve)
e) To teach, train the character or mind, give intellectual or moral training to children (to educate)
f) To have an effect on. (to influence)
g) To become or make better. (to improve)
h) Connection, relation between. (relationship)
i) The front part of the head from the chin to the hair. The front or main side of smth. (face)
j) The ground that covers the earth in which plants grow. (soil)
k) The action of working together, to make an effect on each other. (interaction)
l) A living thing (organism)
m) A course or general plan of action chosen by government, party, person (policy)
2. grammar “real conditional”
1) Put in “if” or “when”
a) I’m coming to London tomorrow; I’ll phone you … I arrive. (when)
b) … it’s a nice day tomorrow, we’ll go swimming. (if)
c) … I play tennis with Justin, she always wins. (when)
d) We’ll go skiing next winter … we have enough money. (if)
2) Open the brackets using the appropriate form of the verb
a) Before you (leave), don’t forget to shut the windows. (Before you leave, don’t forget to shut the windows.)
b) I (phone) you as soon as I (arrive) in London. (I will phone you as soon as I arrive in London.)
c) When you (see) Brian again, you (not recognize) him. (when you see Brian again, you will not recognize him.)
d) If I (need) any help, I (ask) you. (If I need any help, I will ask you.)
4) Make up sentences using two columns
1) If I go on a diet a) we’ll make a snowman
2) If it’s sunny tomorrow b) I’ll buy you some chocolate
3) If John doesn’t hurry c) she’ll have to take a taxi
4) If it snows d) you’ll lose weight
5) If there are no buses e) he’ll be late
6) If you are a good girl f) we’ll go for a picnic
The modal verb “should”
Translate from Russian into English
1) Нам следует защищать леса. – we should protect forests.
2) Тебе следует помогать птицам и животным, заботиться о живых существах. – you should help birds and animals, take care of living things.
3) Нам не следует загрязнять атмосферу на земле и на море. – we shouldn’t pollute the atmosphere on the land and on the sea.
4) Им не следует вырубать деревья вокруг их домов и деревень. – they shouldn’t cut down trees around their houses and villages.
IV Бекіту бөлімі:
The problem of ecology is very important now. We shall exchange our opinions about these global problems, how to protect our Earth, how to prevent further pollution of the atmosphere and what urgent and necessary measures to undertake. I suggest you to write down your opinion in your exercise book and find out what everyone thinks about this problem
Pupil 1. .Ecology is a science about nature and about relations of man with it. We are really one with nature, our planet and the Universe. Don’t forget. Our Earth is our Home. People must take care of it. Our environment must be clean.
Pupil 2. Unfortunately, our technical civilization thinking only of material goods succeeded in destroying Nature and creating the ecological crisis on our planet. These are the names of the main environmental problems of today: littering, air pollution, water pollution, endangered animals, and destruction of nature resources.
Pupil 3. People’s activity pollutes our environment. It is physical and chemical pollution. We can’t solve this problem without fighting together. Millions of cars and smoky factories pollute and spoil the air we breathe in. Pollution is hanging over big cities like an ugly brown cloud. It is hurting our lungs, the life of animals, birds and plants.
Pupil 4. We live on the Earth. This planet is our home. We want our home to be clean and new. We want to see blue seas and rivers, green trees and fields, clear sky. If you care about the planet, don’t make it dirty. Don’t leave plastic bags, bottles, litter in the streets, parks, forests. Remember that the future is in our hands.
Pupil 5. For a long time, too little attention was paid to the environment. Today the situation is different. People all over the world are worried what is happening to the environment because of modern industry and the need for more energy. Newspapers and magazines write about water, air and soil pollution. Now many parts of the world are overcrowded.
Teacher. You know that people all over the world are worried about our environment. Children, do you like our city and our district. Do you want to see our district clean and tidy?
Pupil 5. No doubt, we like our city and our district. They are nice and beautiful.
Teacher. I share your opinion, but there are also some ecological problems in our area too. What do you think?
Pupil 1. There many problems in our region. Rivers are polluted. Flowers are pulled out. Litter is left.
Pupil 2. Water in our rivers is really polluted. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. People must not be passive observers. They must try to make future life better. Water pollution seems to be one of the main problems in our Kursk region.
Pupil 6. Trees are cut down. Birds and animals are frightened. The air is polluted.
Teacher. Not only adult people are worried about the pollution of nature. Even schoolchildren think about this problem. Let's read the following lines of the poem
Pupil 7. What have they done to the world?
What have they done to the seas, my
What have they done to the seas?
What have they done to the rivers, my
What have they done to our land, my
This land which is our from birth.
What have they done to our forests, my
What have they done to the Earth?
What have they done to the skies, my
Skies that are blue and so clear.
What have they done to the skies, my
What have they done to the air?
Pupil 1.The words of the poem impressed me greatly. I am upset because we have just seen on the map many polluted parts of our region. Now I know that buses and cars are sources of pollution too. And noise is a special kind of environmental pollution too.
Teacher. People of the whole world must take urgent measures to protect the environment from further pollution of the land, water and air. We must take care of our planet. The importance of this task is pointed out by ecologists, scientists who study the relations between living things and their environment. Each of us must do everything possible to keep the land, air and water clean.
There lots of ways of keeping our planet clean. What are they? What we should do and what we mustn’t do. Let’s have a talk. Who wants to be first?
Pupil 1. One way is to remember 3 rules: reduce, recycle and reuse.
Teacher. What is reduced, reused and recycled in your family.
Pupil 2. In our family energy is reduced. We all know it is important to recycle things.
Pupil 3. And in our family paper is recycled. Paper comes from trees. If we don’t recycle paper, a lot of trees will be destroyed. Many birds, plants and animals may become extinct.
Teacher. We must understand that science itself can’t be good or bad. Another thing is how people use its achievements. People must reduce pollution from their own activity
So the problem is to protect life on Earth, to save our planet for people.
Teacher. It’s time to pass Declaration.
The Earth is our home,
I promise to keep it healthy and beautiful,
I will love the land, the air, the water and all living creatures,
United with friends, I will be a defender,
United with friends, I will love the land,
I will save the Earth,
We will save the Earth
Dear children. Now you know how dangerous the ecological situation on the Earth is. Positive results depend on serious attention of the people of the whole world to the problem. I hope you will be active members of the movement for protecting the environment from further pollution.
VI. setting home task and marks for the lesson
Home task: Ex. 3 p. 70 read and translate the sentences, learn all the new wordsThank you for your active work and attention.