1. Учить обучающихся собирать необходимую информацию из различных источников, делать сообщения с выводами, составлять и заполнять опорную таблицу.
2. Активизировать в речи употребление времена глагола.
Оборудование: карта Великобритании, цветные картинки достопримечательностей Британии, презентация, видеоролики.
Teacher: Dear friends! Today we are going to have a very interesting lesson-exploration of ancient British monuments and legends and traditions connected with them. To do this we will have a tour around Britain with the help of our map and sites on it, we want to talk about. (Слайд 2). During our exploration we are going to fill in a special form prepared for our lesson to see what new things we managed to learn about mysterious Ancient Britain.
II. Фонетическая зарядка.
Teacher: Let’s repeat the worlds which can help us to discuss our topic: (слайд 3)
I will say the word in Russian and you should found translation and say this word in English.
Замок, рыцарь, монархия, король, королева, парламент, Книга Страшного Суда, легендарный, Вильгельм Завоеватель, баллада, кельтский, Церемония Ключей, карета, речь королевы, мэр, Великая Хартия Вольностей.
III. Речевая зарядка
Teacher: Let’s choose the words – associations to see what Ancient Britain is for us. We have the card “Ancient Britain” in the middle and some cards with different words and word combinations. I want you to find the right words to our main phrase. Let’s choose the right cards.
We have already learnt a lot of things about Britain. Tell me please
1. Where is Great Britain situated?
(It is situated in the north-west coast of Europe).
2. How many parts does this country consist of?
(It consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland).
3. What is the capital of the country?
(London is the capital of the country).
Ok. Now I want you to see a short film about modern London. Pay attention! After film you should answer some questions! (слайд 4) Well done!
III.Основная часть урока.
Развитие монологической речи, познавательной и исследовательской активности в ходе заполнения опорной таблицы.
Teacher: But we will speak about Ancient Britain today. Some pupils of our class prepare for us interesting information about the famous people, places and legends of the Ancient Britain. We’ll listen to them and write to the table main words and phrase about each branch of exploration. Look at screen where example is. (слайд 5)
Let’s begin with the first branch – legendary heroes. You know that each country has its legendary heroes. They are always brave, honest, kind and generous. Our first legendary hero is King Arthur. (слайд 6)
Student 1: (Егор)
Our first branch is about legendary heroes. The legends of King Arthur began to appear in the XII century and are based on a Celtic leader of the 6th century who defended his country against Saxon invasion. He was born in Tintagel and brought up by Merlin, an old Celtic magician. Arthur became King of Britain at the age of 15 when he managed to pull a sword from a rock. He received a magic Sward Excalibur from the Lady of the Lake. His Knights had feasts, sang ballads and had to kill dragons and giants. They respected honor. The legend said King Arthur died in a Tintagel Monastery which is King Arthur’s castle now.
Student 2: (Соня) (слайд 7)
One more legend is about Lady Godiva, a kind and beautiful woman and a wife of Lord Leofric, the ruler of Coventry in 1040. The people of Coventry paid much money to their Lord and Lady Godiva often asked her husband not to take so much money, but he only laughed at her. He agreed only once, but by his words she must ride naked on horse-back thought the streets of the town. There are 2 versions of this legend: while doing it she was covered by her long hair and according to the second all people in Coventry shut doors, windows, nobody came out, except Tom, who became blind when he looked out.
Student 3: (Айк)(слайд 8)
Robin Hood is a legendary hero who lived in Sherwood Forest in Nottingham, situated in the heart of England, surrounded by countryside. Stories about his adventures appeared in the 14th century, but it is believed that Robin was born in 1160 at time of many robbers living in the woods. Robin Hood and his Merry Men robbed the rich to give the poor. Robin was a great sportsman, a brave fighter. He dressed in green, lived in the forest with his wife Maid Marion and his men. Although the great Sherwood Forest has practically disappeared, there are parts of it with the Majot Oak – the headquarters of Robin Hood. A stature of Robin Hood now stands on Robin Hoods Green at the foot of Nottingham Castle, founded in 1068.
Teacher: Our next branch is science. Do you know any ancient monuments connected with science? (слайд 9)
Student 4: (Даша)
It’s Stonehenge 13 Km from Solisbury. It’s one of the European biggest stone circles 10 or 12 meters high of prehistorical time1850-1400 BC. The Druids used Stonehenge for a calendar to know when the month and seasons started. On the 24th of June the sun shines on the Hecl Stone. It’s the longest day of the year. On that day we can see Druids festival. It’s a tradition. But according to another source we found out that many parts of Stonehenge were built before the time of Druids and Pyramids in Egypt and that it could be used as an observatory for complex calculations and predictions of movements of sky bodies. So, it’s a kind of computer!
Teacher: Don’t forget fill our cards! I suggest you look at video about Stonehenge. Information is in Russian language. (слайд 10)
Teacher: England is famous for its universities. The most famous are Oxford and Cambridge Universities. (слайд 11)
Student 5: (Артем)
Our branch is science and the second place connected with it is Oxford. University which appeared in 1164-1169. It consists of 35 different colleges and 5 “halls”. The scholars had to find this place to study when Henry II made English clerks to go to the University of Paris. They taught theology, law, mathematics, natural philosophy and rhetoric. Oxford is a beautiful ancient city of 912 AD. That’s why one square mile of it more than 900 buildings architectural and historic interest has.
Teacher: The next brаnch is English monarchy. (слайд 12)
The first sight connected with it is Westminster Abbey in London, which was founded in 1050 as a monastery. Later it was rebuilt by Henry III. In the 18th century the West Towers were added. It is a place of coronation of all English Kings. This tradition was established by William the Conqueror, who was crowned in 1066. The present Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in 1953. It is a place where buried here: Newton, Darwin and Watt.
Student 7: (слайд 13)
One more sight connected with monarchy is the Tower of London – the oldest palace, fortress and a prison in Europe. It was built around 1090 by William the Conqueror on a site of a Roman fort. Massive walls and other towers were added later. It has been a citadel, palace, prison, the home of the Mint, the treasury, the first royal observatory. Three queens of England have been within its walls.The Towers guardians – Beefeaters wear scarlet and gold uniforms dating back to Henry VIIs time. Ravens lived in the Tower according to the legend made noise while attacking of enemies at night, when the guardians were sleeping.
Teacher: There is a very interesting place in London. It was a fortress, a palace, a prison and a king’s zoo. Now it is a museum. Look at the screen please. (слайд 14)
Student 8: (слайд 15)
Windsor castle, founded in 1086, has been the residence of the Kings and Queen of England for over 800 years and it is still a residence of Elizabeth II. In 1348 the Order of the Garter was established in the Castle when 26 Knights were elected members. They included Edward III and The Black Prince. Another residence of English monarchs is Buckingham palace, built in 1703. The first monarch who took residence was Queen Victoria. The Palace is not opened for the public. The ceremony of the Changing the Guards at Buckingham Palace is a great tourists attraction. It takes place daily at 11.30. One group of guards in their traditional uniforms gives keys to another group.
Student 9: (Дима) (слайд 16)
I want to add about Buckingham Palace. It is a family house where children play and grow and the place where presidents, Kings, politicians go to meet the Queen. Being Queen is a really busy job: reading letters from the public (1000 each week), having daily meetings with her Private Secretary, ambassadors, judges, bishops, getting thousands of invitations, opening new hospitals, bridges, factories. In her spare time Elizabeth II enjoys horse racing, fishing, walking, and taking photos of her travels. She visited 128 countries during her official visits in 50 years.
Teacher: We are finishing now. Let’s check our tables. What information did you write in it? This is my form! Look and compere! (слайд 17)
Say me please, did you know anything new and interesting today? You worked hard and become good marks. And your home task is to work with your notes in table and try to tell about everything you learnt at this lesson. Good bye.
Branch of exploration
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