Праздники в Великобритании, США и России.
Обобщение знаний по теме «Праздники», активизация лексики и выражений по данной теме.
2. Формирование навыка монологического высказывания по теме «Праздники».
3. Приобретение знаний о культуре страны изучаемого языка; более глубокое понимание родной культуры через познание иноязычной.
4. Воспитание толерантности и уважения к культуре и традициям других стран.
Remember the most popular British and American holidays and fill in the chart.
(The pictures on the blackboard are connected with these holidays)
2. Ответы учащихся на вопросы учителя
1) When do the English and American people celebrate Christmas?
2) What holiday do people celebrate on the 14th of February?
3) Which holiday is connected with the history of the USA?
4) What holiday is one of the best holidays for children? Why?
5) On what holiday do people watch firework display and build huge bonfires?
6) When is May Day celebrated?
3. Рассказ учащихся о праздниках.
T: Now let's listen to your reports. Let's begin with Christmas Day.
P1: Christmas Day is celebrated on the 25th of December. In America and the UK it's the most important holiday of the year. Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year, because it is the day that Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. People prepare for Christmas weeks before. They buy gifts for family, friends and relations. Every family tries to have a Christmas tree, which is decorated with colored lights. They also hang little toys, sweets on the tree and they put presents under the tree. And they prepare special food and cookies. Christmas is a family holiday. People stay at home and spend the time with their families. People send cards or Christmas greetings to their friends. They wish their friends "Merry Christmas" and "A Happy New Year". Little children believe that when they are asleep Santa Claus comes to visit them with a big bag of toys. They often hang up large stockings to receive the presents. On Christmas morning children look into their stockings and see their gifts.
P2: New Year's Day celebrates the start of a new year. People celebrate New Year's Day on the first day of January, but people begin celebrating on December 31, New Year's Eve, the night before New Year's Day. They have parties through the night. The theatres, night clubs and restaurants are crowded. In Times Square, in New York, at a minute before midnight, a lighted ball goes down from one of the buildings.
T.: On the 14th of February the Americans celebrate Saint Valentine's Day. One of you will tell us about this holiday.
P3: Saint Valentine's Day is a day of love and friendship. It is celebrated among people of all ages. On that day most people send "valentines", sweets or roses to people they love. Valentines are greeting cards in the form of a heart, or they have hearts, the symbol of love, on them. A "valentine" may mean a special greeting card or a little present. It may also be the person who receives the gift. The greeting cards are often colored, have red trimmings and pictures of hearts. Flowers and sweets are favorite presents which sweethearts send each other. It is a favorite day for parties, especially by young people.
T: Now we'll listen to the story of another holiday. The Celts believed that on this day ghosts walked the Earth and mingled with the living. At night people dressed up in costumes and tried to look like the souls of the dead. Children put on masks and went to the streets to beg. It was Halloween Day.
Today people, especially children, still wear costumes on this day and have masquerade parties.
P4. Halloween is one of the best holidays for children. It is the day or evening before All Saints' Day. American children celebrate Halloween on October 31. Children wear masks and colorful costumes. The most popular costumes are ghosts, witches and skeletons. They dress up in Halloween costumes and go out the streets to beg. They carry baskets and bags. The children walk door to door in the neighborhood and shout "Trick or treat! Trick or treat", meaning "Give us a treat or we'll play a trick on you". Most people give them treat - sweets or fruit. People also decorate houses and schools in the traditional Halloween colors: orange and black. Popular decorations are ghosts, witches, skeletons, black cats and jack-o'-lanterns. The children scrape out a pumpkin and cut the eyes, nose and mouth. They light a candle inside the pumpkin to scare their friends. They set jack-o'-lanterns in the windows.
T.: You have listened to the description of some holidays and traditions in the United States. But there is a holiday which is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. It is Thanksgiving Day.
P5: In the United States Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday. It is celebrated on the 4th Thursday in November.
It was first celebrated in 1621 by the Pilgrim Fathers, after their first harvest. Ever since the Pilgrims gave thanks for their survival in the new land in 1621. Most churches hold Thanksgiving services. Thanksgiving is a family day. It is customary for all members of the family to gather at the home of their parents. The family eats a large traditional dinner which includes turkey and pumpkin pie.
P6: Every child in England knows the very famous story of Guy Fawkes. Guy Fawkes was a man who tried to blow up the English Houses of Parliament. Imagine that!
Guy Fawkes was captured and taken to the Tower of London as a prisoner.
Now, every November 5th Guy Fawkes Day is celebrated in England. Boys and girls get an old suit or maybe an old pair of dad’s pants and an old jacket, and stuff it with straw to make a straw figure that looks like Guy Fawkes. This figure is called a Guy. It's something like a scarecrow. The children then put the guy in a wooden cart and take him door to door asking people for "A penny for the Guy please."
When they have collected enough pennies they go and buy fireworks ... rockets, and sparklers and bangers. As soon as it gets dark everyone, children and adults, build a huge bonfire with wood and sticks, and they throw the straw Guy on it and set the bonfire alight.
P7: On the first of May British people celebrate May Day . May is the time of year when it gets warmer and flowers and trees start to blossom. People celebrate the coming of summer with lots of different customs.
4. Разыгрывание диалогов.
Учащиеся получают карточки с заданиями (приложение 1)
5. Завершение урока (закрепление лексики и выражение своего мнения)
1) Повторение лексики
offer flowers and sweets
eat traditional food
watch a firework display
visit relatives and friends
2). What holiday do you like? Why?
3. Do you remember the date of the holidays? Put the dates into the table:
Guy Fawlkes Day
You are a shop assistant in a flower shop.
Ask the customer:
when he wants to send them
who are the flowers for
if he wants to include a card
Name the price (including delivery).
You are a customer. You want to send a dozen red roses to Ms Mary Johnson for the Valentine’s Day. Her address is 25 Green Street. You want to include a card.
You are at a Halloween party. You are calling your friend and asking him/her to join you.
Answer your friend’s questions about:
costumes the children are wearing (witch, Frankenstein, ghost costumes)
games they are playing (pin the tail on the donkey, bobbing for apple (откусывание яблока без помощи рук)
the food they are eating (toffee apples and pumpkin pie)
Your friend is having a great time at a Halloween party now. He is calling to invite you. Ask him/her :
what costumes the children are wearing
what games they are playing
what food they are eating
Agree and say at what time you will come.
You are at a Christmas party now. Tell your friend :
what you are doing (singing, dancing, watching TV, playing games)
what food you are eating (roast turkey, Christmas pudding)
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