обобщить лингвострановедческий материал по указанной теме;
углубить и расширить знания по теме.
Обучающая - обучение навыкам говорения по теме “Великобритания”, формирование лексических навыков (достопримечательности), обучение аудированию (понимание слышанного).
Практическая - формирование речевой компетенции-совершенствование коммуникативных умений в четырех основных видах речевой деятельности (говорении, аудировании, чтении и письме).
Воспитательная - воспитывать уважение к культуре, истории, традициям страны, изучаемого языка.
Развивающая - развитие социокультурной компетенции — увеличение объема знаний о специфике страны изучаемого языка, а именно истории и достопримечательностях столицы Великобритании - Лондона, развитие памяти и речевых навыков по теме, развитие речемыслительной деятельности, расширение кругозора обучающихся.
Оснащение урока: компьютерный класс с выходом в Интернет на приложение Google Earth, проектный экран, презентация к уроку, карта Великобритании, раздаточный материал.
1. Организационный момент. Вступительное слово учителя.
Т: Good morning, boys and girls. I am glad to see you. Let's start our English lesson. So, the task is to brush up our knowledge about English and Great Britain, about London. I know that many of you have never been to London but today I want you to feel as if you are there. We are going on a virtual trip to London. Look at the black board and read the title of our lesson. So it is “Great Britain. Culture and customs”. Yes, today we`ll speak about Great Britain (Презентация 1, слайд 1), but do you know another countries on our planet? What are they?
P: the USA, Canada…
2. Основная часть.
T: Let`s listen to Kate about continents and countries. (Презентация 1, слайд 2)
Kate: The planet we live on is the Earth. The Earth is round. If you look at the Earth from the space you will be able to see land, seas, oceans, continents and even countries. Sometimes you can see them through clouds. They look very beautiful when the sun rises or sets.
There are four oceans and six continents. The continents are: Europe and Asia, Africa, America, Australia, Antarctic. America consists of North America and South America. The continents are very large. Oceans and seas wash them and separate them from each other. There are usually many countries on the continents. For example, there are more than 40 countries in Africa, but there is only one country in Australia. It has got the same name as the continent. Australia is a very big country, but some countries are small. Iceland is a very small country. It is situated on the island in the north of Europe. Let’s name some countries from each continent: Russia, Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, Italy are in Europe. China, India, Vietnam are in Asia. Canada and the United States are in America. Egypt is an African country.
The largest country in the world is Russia. The smallest country is the Vatican. All the countries have interesting people, places, animals and plants.
People of different nationalities live in these countries. They speak different languages. Each country has its national flag, anthem and its own traditions and customs.
T: Thank you Kate. - But what English speaking countries do you know?
P: Canada, the USA, Australia.
T: Yes, you are right. Let`s listen a dialog between Diana and Helen. (Презентация 1, слайд 3)
Diana: Hi, Helen! Haven’t seen you for ages! How’ve you been?
Helen: Just fine, thanks, and you? It’s been a long time since you.
Diana: Right, it has. I saw you last in the library. You preparing for the talk on your favourite subject — English, of course.
Helen: True. But why are you laughing?
I think English is the most popular language nowadays. People speak English all over the world. In Russia and France, in Germany and Italy, in Spain and Egypt people learn English as a foreign language.
Diana: I know they do. By the way, they say, that English has become an international language in the 20th century.
Helen: Oh, yes, it certainly has. People will understand you practically everywhere if you speak English. In most of the countries people speak English and their native language of course.
Diana: And in what countries do people use English as their native language?
Helen: In Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. These are English-speaking countries.
Diana: So in all these countries people speak the same language, don’t they?
Helen: My answer is “yes” and “no”. Though they all speak English, yet it is a little different in each of these countries.
Diana: You don’t say so!' I never knew that Americans and the English speak different languages.
Helen: Oh, no! They don’t. They speak English in both countries, but people speak American English in the USA and British English in Great Britain. Different words often name the same things.
Diana: What do you mean?
Helen: I mean that people live in flats in England but they live in apartments in America. They eat cookies and candies in the USA, but biscuits and sweets in Great Britain. Children go to school in the fall in America but in autumn in England.
Diana: That’s very interesting indeed.
T: Well done, girls, thanks a lot. I see you know lots about countries, but let`s start to speak about Great Britain. Maxim, tell us about the Land and the People of Great Britain. (Презентация 1, слайд 4)
Maxim: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the UK) is the official name of the state which is situated in the British Isles? Thus, “Great Britain” is often the same as “Britain”, or “the United Kingdom”, or just “UK. It consists of four countries which are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. You can see them on the map. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. The UK is an island state. The two main islands are Great Britain (where England, Scotland and Wales are situated) and Ireland. Northern Ireland and the independent Irish Republic are there. The two islands are separated by the Irish Sea.
The UK is separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. Once the British Isles used to be a part of the continent. The nearest point to Europe is the Strait of Dover. The UK is also washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the north and the North Sea in the east.
Everyone who was born in Britain is British. People from England are English. People from Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland are not English. They are Scottish or the Scotts; Welsh and Irish. People from Scotland and Wales don’t like it when they are called English.
More than 56 million people live in Britain. Many of them live in big industrial cities like London. (Презентация 1, слайд 5) Manchester and Liverpool, for example, are big industrial cities in the centre of England. But foreigners are often surprised by the fact that much of land in Britain is open country. There are many lonely hills, quiet rivers, deep lakes and just farmlands especially in the south of the country.
Everyone in Britain speaks English. But in some parts of Scotland and Wales people speak different languages as well. The Welsh are especially proud of their language. They like to speak Welsh, to sing songs in Welsh and when you travel you can see road signs in Welsh all over Wales.
Everyone in the UK speaks English but they all speak it differently. A Scottish person has to listen carefully if he wants to understand a Londoner or a Welsh person.
As you know, the flag of the United Kingdom is known as the Union Jack (Презентация 1, слайд 6) is made up of three crosses: the cross of St. George (the patron saint of England), the cross of St. Andrew (the patron saint of Scotland) and the cross of St. Patrick (the patron saint of Ireland).
T: Thank you very much. - Who is the head of Great Britain?
P: The Queen.
T: What`s her name?
P: Elizabeth the second.
T: Kate will tell us about the Queen and the parliament. (Презентация 1, слайд 7)
Kate: It is rather difficult to understand the British way of ruling the country. In Britain the Queen is the Head of State, but in fact she doesn’t rule the country as she has no power. The Queen is a symbol of the country history and its traditions. She is very rich. She travels about the United Kingdom, meets different people and visits schools, hospitals and other special places. So do all the members of the Royal family (Презентация 1, слайд 8): the Queen’s husband, her son Prince Charles the Queen’s daughter Princess Anna, and Princess Margaret. At the beginning of the century many countries all over the world were ruled by Britain. All of them were included into the British Empire and were its colonies. India, Pakistan, Ceylon, for example, were among them. Now these countries are independent states. But in 1949 Britain and the former colonies founded the Commonwealth. (Презентация 1, слайд 9) The Commonwealth includes many countries such as Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and others. The Queen of Great Britain is also the Head of Commonwealth and the queen of Canada, Australia, New Zealand.
(Презентация 1, слайд 10) The real power in the country belongs to the British Parliament and to the British Government. The British Parliament has two ‘houses’: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The House of Lords doesn’t have much power but it is very important as it can offer and change laws, it can delay laws too. The House of Commons makes laws about the policy of the country, taxes and many other things.
(Презентация 1, слайд 11) The members of the House of Lords are not elected. These members are permanent. The members of the House of Commons are elected. The British people elect 650 members of the House of Commons every five years.
T: Are you tired?
T: Let`s have a break.
Pretend that you are in English Theater. (Инсценировка стихотворения “The King’s Bread And Butter” (by A. A. Milne) (Презентация 1, слайд 12)
The King asked
The Queen, and
The Queen asked
“Could we have some butter for
The Royal slice of bread?”
The Queen asked
I’ll go and tell
Before she goes to bed.”
And went and told
“Don’t forget the butter for
The Royal slice of bread.”
“You’d better tell His Majesty3
That many people nowadays
Like marmalade Instead.
T: Thank you very much, you are great actors. Britain is a special country. And what do you know about British way of life? Niyaz, come here and speak about it. (Презентация 1, слайд 13)
Niyaz: In England many things are the other way round. On the continent people seldom speak about weather. If they do, it usually means they have no other topics to discuss. In England, if you don’t repeat the phrase “It’s a nice day today, isn’t it?” two hundred times a day people are surprised and think that you are very dull. On the continent Sunday papers appear on Monday; in England (the country is really hard to understand) they appear on Sunday. (Презентация 1, слайд14) On the continent some people like cats, others don’t, but in England cats are very special animals. Everyone loves them and takes care of them. On the continent people are proud of the things they know. They try to show off their knowledge and often quote Greek and Latin writers. In England only those who don’t know them or who haven’t read them do it. You can offend people on the continent in many ways, for example, if you laugh at them or make jokes about their life and jobs.
But the English take everything with a sense of humour. You can easily offend them only if you tell them they have no sense of humour. People on the continent either tell you the truth or lie, in England they hardly ever lie, but they don’t tell you the truth either. On Sundays on the continent even the poorest person puts on his best suit and tries to look nice and respectable. In England even the richest man dresses in some old clothes and doesn’t shave. (Презентация 1, слайд 15) Many continentals think life is a game; the English think cricket is a game. (Презентация 1, слайд 16) On the continent people have good food. In England people have good table manners.
T: Well done, thank you. England is famous for it`s writers. The most famous English writer is W. Shakespeare. Masha tells us about him. (Презентация 1, слайд 17)
Masha: William Shakespeare (1564-1616) lived in Stratford-on-Avon. He went to a grammar school. William Shakespeare worked as an actor acted at the London theatre called “The Globe”. He wrote about 37 plays, many books and poems. William Shakespeare wrote in the golden age of English literature.
T: Another famous English writer, detective writer is a woman. Agatha Cristie. Arthur tells us about her. (Презентация 1, слайд 18)
Arthur: Agatha Christie (1890-1976) didn’t go to school and got education at home. She took part in the war of 1914 and got married in 1914. Agatha Christie began to write detective stories in 1920. She became famous in 1926 and wrote 68 novels, 17 plays, more than a hundred stories.
T: Thank you. Great Britain is proud of its explorers. And the most famous explorer is James Cook. Niyaz tells us about him. (Презентация 1, слайд 18)
Niyaz: James Cook (1728-1779) was born in an English village. His father was a poor farmer. He became a seaman, traveller and discoverer. James Cook made three voyages around the world and discovered a lot of islands in the Pacific Ocean eastern coast of Australia.
T: Thank you.
3. Работа с компьютером.
T: What is the capital of Great Britain?
Have you ever been to London?
T: Do you want to visit London now, at this lesson?
T: The Internet will help us. You have computers on you tables. For this group and for that. Open them. Find Google Earth and open it. See on my screen and do it with me. If you can`t, up your hand and I`ll help you. (Приложение 2)
Magic! We are in London! It`s very easy!
Учащиеся выходят в Интернет, заходят в интерактивную карту Google Earth, набирают в поисковике Лондон и попадают на улицы Лондона.
T: Take you tasks. Read them, find some places in London, complete the dialogues, then act it out. I`ll give you 10 minutes to do this task.
Find the Trafalgar Square and complete the dialog, than act it out.
- Excuse me, ______________. Can you help me?
- Yes. How may I help you?
- Can you tell me the way to _________________?
- Of course. Go down this ________ and turn to the ____________. In less than _________ minutes you’ll see _______________.
Find the Tower Bridge and complete the dialog, than act it out.
Excuse me, ______________. I think I’m lost. How can I get to _____________?
Walk straight along the bank of the Thames and on the ___________ you’ll see a beautiful bridge with two towers. That’s it.
How long does it ________?
Only _____ minutes.
Thank you very_____.
T:. Let`s check up. Lida come here and show us the first place.
Act out your dialog.
Amanta come here show us your first place. Act out your dialog.
Thank you very much. Close your computers. And now, at the end of our lessons let`s have a quiez about Great Britain. If you know the answer up your hand. (Презентация 1, слайды 20-28)
4. Подведение итогов урока.
(Презентация 1, слайд 29) T: Now, at the end let`s talk about our lesson. What was interesting for you? What interesting facts have you known? It was interesting lesson for me too. Thank you very much.
5. Домашнее задание.
Your hometask is to find the information about London Eye in the Internet and sent it on my e-mail.