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Выбранный для просмотра документ Students Handouts.doc
Ex. 2 WITH or WITHOUT “THE”???
Write down these geographical names in the columns of the table.
Baikal, Mississippi, Canberra, Ottawa, USA, Russian Federation, Gulf Stream, London, UK, Thames, Washington, Great Britain, Asia, England, Panama Canal, Scotland, Wellington, Amur, Pacific Ocean, India, Australia.
Ex. 3 Past Simple or Present Perfect?
the other day
up to now
until now / till now
lately / recently
Put the verbs into the correct form: Present Perfect or Past Simple.
A. Grand Canyon
My friends (visit) the Grand Canyon National Park last year.
I (be / never) to the Grand Canyon National Park.
But I (see) lots of wonderful pictures.
And yesterday I (buy) a book about the Grand Canyon.
I (read) 30 pages already. It's really interesting.
My friend (be) to Edinburgh three times.
Some years ago he (study) English there.
Last month he (visit) some friends in Edinburgh.
Unfortunately, I (can / not) go to Edinburgh with him.
It is a pity. They are my friends, too, and I (see / not) them for ages.
Mary (win) the lottery last year.
We (prepare / already) dinner.
James (find) your ring in the garden yesterday.
He (come / just) home.
They (buy) their car two years ago.
I (see / not) anyone yet.
Phil (go / not) to the cinema last night.
We (be / not) to the zoo so far.
She (arrive / not) yet.
Emily (visit / not) me last week.
Questions. (Careful with the word order here)
(you / read) the book yet?
How many letters (they / write) so far?
When (he / tell) you that?
(you / be) at home last night?
How often (you / travel) abroad till now?
Why Are Cows Special in India?
Questions to the text:
How many people live in India?
What do most people in India do?
What is the most important animal on an Indian farm?
How does the cow help people?
When does it rain a lot in India?
Are cows expensive?
What do people do to their cows when they do not work?
How often do Indians have special celebrations for cows?
What do farmers do to old cows?
Who pays for animal hospitals for old cows?
How many cows do the Indians take care of every year?
A U S T R A L IA
A U S T R A L IA
Выбранный для просмотра документ Keys and materials.doc
KEYS AND MATERIALS
Step I. Crossword about Great Britain.
Across: 1-Thames; 4-Wales; 6-Snowdan; 8-England; 9-Dublin; 11-Ireland; 12-Edinbudgh.
Down: 2-Scotland; 3-Cardiff; 4-Windermere; 5-London; 7-Britain; 10-Belfast.
Step III. Theory:
Oceans, rivers, straights, canals, channels
Groups of islands
2.Most Countries & Cities
Exceptions for countries (the USA, the Philippines,etc.);
exceptions for cities (the Hague)
3.Single mountain peaks
4.Separate islands, semi-islands
5. Lakes, falls, streams
Why are caws special in India?
About one billion people live in India. Many people live on small farms. They live a quiet and simple life. The family takes care of the farm and the animals. The most important animal on the farm is the caw. The caw helps on the farm in two ways. It gives milk to the family and works on the farm. The farmers do not make a lot of money, they can’t buy machines to help them do their work. Also the weather is a problem in India. In June, July, August and September there is a lot of rain. The ground gets very wet. Then the ground gets soft. A machine cannot work on soft ground but a caw can work. Caws also do not cost a lot of money. They don’t need gasoline or repairs like machines.
Farmers care about their caws very much. They want their caws to be happy. The farms aren’t busy at certain times of the year. At these times people wash and decorate their caws. Americans like to wash their cars and Indians like to wash their caws. Two times a year there are special celebrations for the caws. These celebrations are like Thanksgiving in the United States. All caws cannot work on the farms.
In India it is against a lot to kill a caw, so farmers send their old caws away from the farm. The caws walk around free in the streets. Sometimes men sell grass in the street. People buy the grass and give it to the caws. People also give their own food to the caws. And cars are careful not to hit the caws. There are special animal hospitals for old or sick caws. The government and some rich people pay for these hospitals.
People in other countries do not understand why the Indian government spends money on caws. There are many poor people in India who need money. Indians say that Americans spend more money on cats and dogs. People in India care for over two hundred million caws every year. They have cared for caws for a long time. It is a tradition that is thousands of years old.
Выбранный для просмотра документ Plan of steps.doc
Задачи: - закрепить лексико-грамматического материала в работе с кроссвордом, грамматическими упражнениями: употребление определенного артикля с географическими названиями, дифференциация форм Present Perfect / Past Simple;
- совершенствовать умения и навыки практического владения языком по теме по основным видам речевой деятельности: аудированию, чтению, говорению;
- расширить представление учащихся о культуре, традициях в англоязычных странах;
- воспитывать умение работать в группе;
- содействовать речевой активности на английском языке, развитию внимания, памяти, мышления.
PLAN OF STEPS
Step I. Introduction
The teacher greets the students and introduces the topic of the lesson.
Step II. Lexical Block
Ask the students what English-speaking countries they know. Tell the students that we are going to have an activity about every country. And we’ll start, surely, with the UK. Do the crossword puzzle in groups. Use the map.
Step III. Grammar Block
Ask the students to tick the words in the crossword puzzle which they should use with the article “the”. Do exercise 2 in pairs.
Ask the students the questions like these: Have you ever been to Australia? Did you speak English 10 years ago? What forms of verbs are used in the sentences?
Read the teenagers’ stories, put the verbs into correct form. Use signal words.
Step IV. Listening
Ask the students to remember a big country in Asia where they speak English as the second official language. Listen to the text about India, try to answer the questions.
Step V. Speaking of Australia
What is the word “Australia” associated with? Work in groups; write down the
key words and expressions. Set a strict time-limit. Check all together. Every group names their word; the other groups cross them out and don’t repeat. The winner is the team who names the last word.
Use the key words and expressions and tell about Australia.
Step VI. Summing-up