Урок английского языка в 10 классе
«The political system of the UK»
Еловых Татьяна Михайловна, учитель английского языка
Развитие лингво-страноведческой компетенции учащихся: обобщить лингвострановедческий материал, расширить знания по указанной теме.
Совершенствование умений и навыков практического владения английским языком по следующим видам речевой деятельности: аудированию, говорению, чтению.
Развитие критического и логического мышления через чтение информационного текста;
Повышение интереса к изучению английского языка.
Реализация межпредметных связей (история, обществознание).
раздаточный материал (cards 1, 2, 3);
компьютер, проектор, экран для презентации Microsoft Power Point;
схема политического устройства Великобритании;
1. Teacher: Hello everybody! Whether we like it or not but politics is a part of our lives. It is everywhere: in newspapers, on the radio and on TV. And today we are going to speak about it (about politics). Exactly we are going to speak about democracy and its faces. Today we got together to discuss the problem: "British political system and the role of Queen Elizabeth II and the Parliament." Our task is to speak about the role of the Queen. Also I want you to extend your knowledge about the role of the British Parliament, its traditions. Translate the words:
Monarch; monarchy; democracy; parliament; parliamentary; political; government; constitutional; to appoint ; to revise; to examine; to vote; to sign; to pass; to make laws; a bill; to elect; to rule; authorities; executive; power; a house, chamber; majority; a representative
2. Teacher: The idea of democracy plays a great role in politics. What do you think "democracy" means? (Учащиеся дают свои определения исходя из знаний по истории и обществознанию.)
3. Teacher: O.K. And now I would like you to look at the screen and try to comment these statements: (презентация).
4. Teacher: I hope you can explain such words as monarchy, a constitutional monarchy (a parliamentary democracy), a federal (presidential) republic. Let's check your knowledge! (презентация).
5. Teacher: Now let's speak about the history of the British Monarchy. ( учащиеся дополнительно готовили монологические выступления).
Report 1:By the 15th and 16th centuries absolute monarchs, such as King Henry VIII of England and King Louis XIV of France, ruled the countries of Europe. Abuses of power, as well as growing dissatisfaction among the bourgeoisie, helped bring about the end of many absolute monarchies; revolutions in England in the 17th century and in France in the 18th century were major landmarks in the limitation of absolute power.
The modern concept of a limited, constitutional monarchy arose slowly throughout much of Europe. During the 19th century, parliamentary authority grew while royal power diminished. Many Western monarchies ceased to exist after World War I, including those in Russia, Germany, and Austria. Some constitutional monarchies still survive, primarily as symbols of national unity.
Report 2: In the 20th century, most states that were not monarchies labeled themselves as republics either in their official names or their constitutions. Most countries are ruled by presidents, elected heads of state who are voted into power for limited periods of time. Other countries are governed by dictators who seize power and rule by military force. So many figures play a great role in political life of the state. They are: (презентация).
6. Teacher: What activities are the Queen, President, Prime Minister, Ministers, Lawmakers, Members of the opposition involved in? (работа с материалом учебника, упр.2.2, 2.3 стр.41). We have just remembered the names and the functions of the three branches of power. Are all these branches typical for every political system we've spoken about? Who rules the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in fact? Listen to the tape and say what is wrong! (аудирование текста по уроку учебника). Report 3. Queen Elizabeth II`s full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, she was born on the21st of April 1926 in London, England. She never went to school and was taught by home tutors. Do you know what subjects was she taught? 1. I know that she was taught usual subjects as English, Literature, History, Geography and others. 2. Besides she learned basis of economy, law and constitutional right. 3. Queen knows French freely. Also she took the lessons of horse-racing, dancing and music. 4. The important fact in her life is that she was crowned in Westminster Abbey in June 1953. Today the Queen is not only the heard of the state but also an important symbol of national unity. She has a legislative power a little, a part of executive one. She sings bills, gives speeches which are written by ministers. In practice the Queen Elizabeth II has no actual power: they say, the monarch reigns but doesn't rule.
Anthem God save our gracious Queen
Long live our noble Queen
God save the Queen.
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious.
Long to reign over us
God save the Queen.
7. Блиц-опрос Учитель- учащиеся:
T: How many chambers are there in the Parliament?
P: There are two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
T: Parliament has real power in the political system of Great Britain. British Parliament is often called" The mother of all Parliaments."
What branch of power does the Parliament represent?
P: Parliament represents the legislative branch of power.
T: What can you say about the House of Commons and the House of Lords?
1. The House of Commons controls the Government, makes laws. The Commons have much more real power.
2. The House of Lords examines and revises bills and can delay bills for one year.
T: That's all right. But do you know where the Parliament works?
P: Yes, I know. The Parliament works in the Palace of Westminster on the bank of the river Thames.
T: What is the other name of it?
P: It is called the Houses of Parliament.
T: What shows that the Parliaments` sittings began?
P: The face of Big Ben is lighting.
T: What national tradition is there in the hall of the House of Lords?
P: I know that near the throne of Lord Chancellor stands the Woolsack.
8. Teacher: Read some interesting facts about the political system of the UK. (класс делится на 4 группы - по количеству карточек для чтения) (reading for detail 5 min). (приложение 1) Teacher: -The first (second, third, fourth) group, what facts from the text have you taken in the file?-So, let's summarize everything we've learnt today. -Your home task is: Think and discuss everything you know about the political system of the UK. Use the scheme on the page 42 and be ready to explain it to your classmates. Thank you for your work at the lesson. Our work was very productive. Good-bye everybody.