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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Урок "10 главных достопримечательностей Крыма"

Урок "10 главных достопримечательностей Крыма"

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In connection with the entry of the Crimea into Russia, interest in this region increased, both from the mainland of Russia, and from foreigners.

In this regard, the people coming to the Crimea meet difficulties of a choice. Namely, how it is correct, and at what sights it is worth looking, and also places which should be visited.

The purpose of this work is to study interests of various groups of tourists and to offer them ready routes of sightseeing.

The purpose of this work is to study interests of various groups of tourists and to offer them ready routes of sightseeing.

Starting point we will consider the stay time in the Crimea, on average 7-10 days. Selection of casual selection by means of questioning, will interrogate 20 people of various age groups and interests. Object of studying is detection of regularity at various groups of tourists in respect of the natural objects of the peninsula interesting them.

Top 10 Attractions in Crimea

1. SWALLOW’S NEST

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The Swallow’s Nest, or the Fortress of Love, is a decorative castle near Yalta. It is considered one of the most popular tourist attractions in the Crimea. The Swallow’s Nest was built between 1911 and 1912, on the top of the 40-meter (130 ft) high Aurora Cliff. During a century since its construction, the neo-gothic castle belonged to several famous families, was used as a library, later as a restaurant. In 2011, after the complete restoration, the Swallow’s Nest was re-opened as a public museum.







2. LIVADIA PALACE

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The Livadia Palace was built as a summer residence of the last Russian Emperor, Nicholas II, and his family. It is located next to Yalta, and has a splendid view on the Crimean Mountains and the coastal line. The Livadia Palace is a masterpiece of the architecture: it is designed in Neo-Renaissance style featuring spacious Arabic and Italian patios, Florentine tower, ornate Bramantesque windows, and a neo-Byzantine church of the Exaltation of the Cross built by famous Italian architect Monighetti in 1866. The Palace got its world recognition in 1945 holding the Yalta Conference of Allied Power, and being a residence for President Roosevelt. Nowadays, the Palace is used as a museum and a place for international summits.

3. VORONTSOV PALACE

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The Vorontsov Palace located in the town of Alupka is one of the oldest and largest royal mansions in the Crimea. It has being built from 1828 through 1848 for Prince Mikhail Vorontsov as his personal summer residence. The Palace was designed by English architect Edward Blore (the architect of the Buckingham Palace) in Tudor style. The highlight of the Vorontsov Palace is its enormous park ensemble, which features 40 hectares of the unique landscapes designed by the famous gardener Carolus Keebach.













4. MASSANDRA (ALEXANDER III) PALACE

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The Massandra Palace is one of the most beautiful historic monuments of the Crimean coastline. It is located near Yalta at the foot of the mountain ridge in remote area surrounded by forest. It was built in XIX century as a mansion for the Russian emperor Alexander III. The unique architecture of the Massandra Palace replicates the style of Renaissance French chateaux. Since 1992 the Palace has been functioning as a public museum.

5. BAKHCHISARAY PALACE

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The Khan's Palace or Hansaray is situated in the town of Bakhchisaray, the former capital of the Crimean Khanate. It was built in the 16th century, and was used as the residence for Crimean Khans. The palace is the only extant example of the unique Crimean Tatar’s Palace architecture that makes it a gem of the peninsula. Currently the Khan's Palace is opened for tourists as a museum. The visitors of the Bakhchisaray landmark have a chance to explore the art museum of Crimean Tatar’s culture, the exhibition of antique weapons and firearms, the mosque, harem, and cemetery, as well as living quarters of khans, and marvelous interior gardens.















6. FOROS CHURCH

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The Foros Church, or the Church of Christ's Resurrection, is a picturesque historic monument, known for its scenic location. It is built in 1892 overlooking the Black Sea shoreline from a 400-metre Red Cliff near Baidarsky Pass. During Soviet time the church was abandoned and closed for visitors. In 2002, the Foros Church of Christ's Resurrection was opened again. Nowadays, it is one of the most popular locations for weddings in the Crimea. 

7. GENOESE FORTRESS

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The Genoese Fortress in Sudak is the most popular tourist attraction of the eastern coastline of the Crimea. It was built between 1371 and 1469 by the Genoese colonists as the main fortified base on the Crimean peninsula. The total area of the Sudak Fortress is more than 30 hectares. The length of the walls exceeds two kilometers (1.3 miles). Fourteen towers with the height up to 15 meters (50 feet) have preserved the authentic medieval beauty. The doors of the Genoese Fortress are open for visitors all-the-year-around.













8. NIKITSKY BOTANICAL GARDEN

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The Nikitsky Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world. It was founded in 1812 by the famous botanist Christian Steven. By 2012, the total area of the Nikitsky Garden is more than 1000 hectares. The Nikitsky Botanical Garden Center includes a scientific research institute, a center of production of exclusive saplings and seeds, and, of course, a famous park complex of relict forests and man-made natural exhibitions. Today the collection of the greatest Crimean Garden is estimated with 28000 flora species.

9. LITTLE JERUSALEM

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The Little Jerusalem is a historic district in the heart of the city of Yevpatoria. Within the area of the several blocks an amazing variety of cultural, ethnographic, and sacral sites are situated: Crimean-Tatar mosques, Armenian Church, Orthodox Church, Karaim temple, two synagogues, and the sanctuaries of Muslim pilgrims.  During summer time, the Little Jerusalem hosts traditional fairs and festivals where Crimean guests have a chance to plunge into unique mixture of cultures, enjoying local foods and wine, spectacular folk dancing, master-classes in crafts, and buying hand-made souvenirs.















10. PARADISE PARK

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The Paradise Park (Ayvazovsky Park) is located on the steep slopes of the natural mountain amphitheater, in a small bay of the town of Partenit. Paradise is a marvelous man-made park with spectacular waterfalls, exotic plants from around the world, and gorgeous sculptures in Ancient Greek style. The relict 200-year old olive grove is a highlight of the Paradise Park. The guests of the peninsula are welcome to enjoy the beauty of the best Crimean park all-year-round.


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Автор
Дата добавления 17.01.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров100
Номер материала ДВ-350145
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