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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Урок на тему" Америка"

Урок на тему" Америка"


  • Иностранные языки

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Автор разработки урока –Фитенко Оксана Николаевна, учитель английского языка Стаж работы – 5лет. Образование –высшее.Данная работа представлена по гуманитарному направлению. Методическая разработка урока отражает реализацию учебной программы «Английский язык 6 класс для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка». Авторами программы являются: О.В. Афанасьева и И.В. Михеева.

Урок английского языка проводился в 6 классе по теме «The USA». Английский язык в данном классе проводится 5 раз в неделю, что позволяет охватывать большое количество аспектов жизни как иностранцев, так и нас, людей, живущих в России.

Данный урок проводится как урок с использованием ИКТ. Форма проведения урока мотивирует детей на изучение предмета, делает урок интереснее и познавательнее.

В 6 классе была использована слайдовая презентация, с видами и достопримечательностями, как Америки, так и её окрестностей. Это позволило наглядно представить тему и цель урока, выделить основные понятия по теме, показать, как живут люди за рубежом.

Также данная разработка может помочь учителям в проведении предметной недели по английскому языку, или может быть использована ими, как методическое пособие при проведении уроков.

Данный урок проводится в классе средних возможностей, но все учащиеся были заинтересованы в изучении предмета. Во время проведения урока Дети активно участвовали в обсуждении вопросов, работали в группах, выполняли тестовое задание. Учащиеся не только вспомнили ранее изученные факты об Америке, но и узнали много новой интересной информации.



















Тема урока - «The USA»

Продолжительность урока – 45 минут.

Форма проведения урока: урок с использованием ИКТ

Тип урока: комбинированный.

Оборудование урока:

Доска, тетради, мультимедийная установка, карта, учебники «Английский язык 6 класс для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка» О.В. Аанасьева и И.В. Михеева.

План урока:

  1. организационный момент (1 минутa)

  2. сообщение темы, плана урока (1минута)

  3. Фонетическая разминка (5 минут)

  4. Работа по теме урока (35 минут)

4.1 беседа по теме урока (повторение).

4.2 Работа с картой.

4.3 Презентация регионов.

4.4 Закрепление изученного на уроке.

5. Подведение итогов урока. Анализ неудачных и положительных моментов урока.

7. Организационный конец

Цель:

Расширение кругозора учащихся по теме «The USA»

Задачи:

  1. Образовательные

развитие навыков диалогической речи

отработка лексического материала по теме урока

  1. Развивающие

формирование аудитивных навыков

развитие навыков перевода

активизация раннее изученной лексики

развитие навыков устной речи

Развитие умения выступать перед аудиторией

Развитие навыка работы в режиме создания слайдовой презентации

  1. Практические

обобщение и систематизация знаний и умений по теме «The USA»

практическое применение знаний на практике

  1. Воспитательные

формирование положительной мотивации к учебной деятельности

воспитание культуры общения и поведения

Воспитание умения работать в коллективе, взаимодействовать со взрослыми и сверстниками


Урок

1 организационный момент (1 минутa)

2 Мотивация познавательной деятельности: эпиграф, сообщение темы и цели урока.

(1минута)


T - Good morning dear children! Glad to see you! Today we are going to talk about The USA, its history, people, and regions. And in the end of our lesson we will do a small quiz. Are you ready for the lesson? So let`s start!

3. Фонетическая разминка (5 минут)

T – Now, please look at the blackboard! There is a new tongue-twister for you to learn. At first I would like you to listen to the tape carefully, then we are going to repeat this tongue-twister together, after all we will read it one by one. Is it clear to you?


My name is Yon Yonson,

I work in Wisconsin,

I work in a lumbermill there.

The people I meet when I walk down the street,

They say, "What's your name?

And I say

«My name is Yon Yonson,

I work in Wisconsin»


4. Работа по теме урока (30 минут)


4.1 беседа по теме урока (повторение).


Т - We live in a world of a mass media, so we already know some information about the USA and its people, don`t we?

To expand borders of our knowledge, I will ask you some questions about America, and you should raise your hand, if you know the answer.

( Учитель задает вопросы по теме, ученики отвечают на них. Если ни один из учеников не знает ответа на вопрос, учитель сам отвечает на него, ученики делают записи в тетрадях. На следующем уроке учитель еще раз задает данные вопросы. )


  1. What do you remember about the discoverer of America? (Where was he born? Where did he live? What country was he looking for in 1492 when he discovered the new conti­nent?)

  2. What do you know about the first English settlements in America and the first English colonists? (When and why did England become interested in America? When did the "Mayflower" sail to America? What did they call the part of America where they set up their first colony? What kind of life did they lead?)

  3. Why did people in America fight for their independence from England?

  4. What big US cities do you know?

  5. What are the colours of the American flag? Why arc there 50 stars on the flag? Why are there 13 stripes on it? What do people often call the American flag?

  6. What do Americans celebrate on the 4th of July?

  7. The capital of the USA is Washington, D. C., isn't it? What do the letters D. C. stand for? Why do people say "Washington, D. C." when they speak about the US capi­tal?


4.2 Рабата с картой.

(учитель, стоя у карты, рассказывает о местоположении Америки, климате, особенностях ландшафта, ресурсах, достопримечательностях). Показ достопримечательностей Америки с помощью мультимедийной доски.


T - Now let`s look at the map of the USA.

There are fifty states in the United States of America. Two of these states, Alaska and Hawaii, are not connected to the other states. The US is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west, by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico in the south. In the north are Great Lakes.

The US is a large country with many natural wonders. It goes from the shores of the Atlantic Ocean to the islands of Hawaii in the Pacific, and from cold, snowy northern Alaska to sunny Florida in the southeast. The US has almost every kind of weather. Also, it has many kinds of land — rocky coasts, dry empty deserts, big rivers, wide plains and grasslands, lakes of all sizes, high mountains, forests, sunny beaches, lands of endless winter.


There are a lot of parks, forests and wildlands where you can enjoy the beauty and power of wild America. The Grand Canyon, Yosemite Valley, and Yellowstone are among the most famous.

Many rivers cross the United States. But the greatest is the mighty Mississippi. It begins quietly in the north of the country and ends in the Gulf of Mexico, nearly four thousand miles1 (6400 km) away. Among other big rivers are the Colorado and the Missouri. The Colorado River rises in the Rocky Mountains or the Rockies that stretch from Alaska down almost to the south of the country. Another big mountain chain Is the Appalachians in the east also running from north to south.


4.3 Презентация регионов.


In a country that covers over 9 million square kilometers, it is not surprising to learn that regions that are separated by large distances will be different. These regions are formed by history and geography. Within several regions, language is used differently and there are strong dialects. There are also differences in outlook and attitude based on geography. The fifty states that make up the United States can be divided into six regions.


The Northeast (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island)

The first or settlers came to the Northeast region in the 17th century. These were mostly English Protestants, looking for freedom to practice their religion and political reform. They gave the region its political format - town meetings in which citizens gathered to discuss issues of the day.

The winters are cold and harsh, and the land is not very flat or fertile, this region is not well suited for farming (the chief product of the land was stones). Eventually manufacturing and trade became the most important contributors to the regional economy. This region is well known for its culture (with excellent theaters and museums) as well as its educational system (with some of the most highly rated and respect universities in the country (Harvard). This region is also known for its mix of ethnic groups, including Irish, Italian, and many eastern Europeans. In their business dealings, New Englanders gained a reputation for hard work, shrewdness, thrift, and ingenuity.


The Mid-Aiiantic(New York, New jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Washington, DC, and Maryland)

In the l9th century the Mid-Atlantic states provided the muscle. The region's largest states, New York and Pennsylvania, became centers of heavy industry (iron, glass, and steel). Into this area of industry, came millions of Europeans who made of it what became known as the "melting pot." As heavy industry spread throughout the region, rivers such as the Hudson and Delaware were transformed into vital shipping lanes. Cities on waterways — New York on the Hudson, Philadelphia on the Delaware, Baltimore on Chesapeake Bay - grew dramatically. New York is still the nation's largest city, and its cultural center. But even today, the visitor who expects only factories and crowded cities is surprised. In the Mid-Atlantic, there are more wooded hills than factory chimneys, more fields than concrete roads, and more farmhouses than office buildings.


The South (Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and parts of Missouri, Texas and Oklahoma)

The American Civil War (1861-65) devastated the Old South socially and economically. Slavery was the issue that divided North and South. To northerners, it was immoral; to southerners, it was integral to their way of life and their plantation system of agriculture. The scars left by the war took decades to heal. The abolition of slavery failed to provide African Americans with political or economic equality; and it took a long, concerted effort to end segregation.

The region however still has many landscapes to delight the human sense of poetry and wonder. The region is blessed with plentiful rainfall and a mild climate. Crops grow easily in its soil and can be grown without frost for at least six months of the year. But today farming has become less prominent, and manufacturing and tourism have contributed greatly to the economy. Southerners are probably the most distinctive of all American regional groups, with more relaxed attitudes and traditional ways than their neighbors to the north. They are known for their hospitality.


The Midwest (Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, parts of Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska and eastern Colorado)

The Midwest is the largest of the regions, with the most variation in weather. However, the land is almost entirely flat, and also very fertile, making it ideal for farming. The region is known as the nation's "breadbasket" because of its production of oats, wheat, and corn. The first immigrants were Americans from the east coast, as well as Europeans from Sweden, Norway, and Germany.

Farms are normally located separate from each other, close to the fields, and often beyond the sight of its neighbors. The village or town is principally a place where the farm family travels to buy supplies, to attend church and to go for entertainment or political, social or business meetings.

Midwesterners are known for being honest, straightforward people of traditional values. The area is not densely populated. The largest city is Chicago, known for its port, and for being a connection between the eastern and western United States.


The Southwest (western Texas, parts of Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, and Nevada)

This region has had the least influence by European immigrants. Much of its culture has been defined by native Americaт (also known as American Indians) and by the Spanish. The land is generally flat and dry, and the weather is very hot. The region has many deserts. The nation's greatest natural wonder, the Grand Canyon, is located in this region. Also located here Las Vegas, one of the world's premier gambling centers.

Parts of the Southwest once belonged to Mexico. The United States obtained this land following the Mexican-American War of 1846-48.


The West (western Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah, California, Nevada, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii)

The first settlers in the West were the Spanish who established Catholic missions along the coast. This region has probably the most variation in landscape and climate. This region contains much undeveloped land which is enjoyed by the locals for recreation (fishing, camping, hiking, boating, grazing, lumbering, and mining). The west has the most varied mixture of immigrants of all the other regions. In some areas, Mexican and Asian influences are dominant over European influences.

Now the second largest city in the nation, Los Angeles is best known as the home of the Hollywood film industry. Western cities are known for their tolerance and a very strong "live-and-let-live" attitude.

Westerners are known as the least traditional of Americans, and the most tolerant of change and differences. California is the nation's most populous state, and is famous for its movie and high-technology industries.


4.4 Закрепление изученного на уроке. (5 минут)

T – Well done! Now we are going to do a quiz to sum up our lesson.

  1. America was discovered in:

А) 1402 B)1482 C)1492 D)1392

  1. The Mayflower is:

А) the name of a season B)the name of a first English settlement in America C)the name of a flower D)the name of the ship that sailed from Plymouth for the New World in 1620

  1. The capital of the US is

А) Washington D.C. B) Washington C)New Yok D)Philadelphia

  1. The American flag often called

А) Union Jack B)The stars and Stripes C)The red dragon D)The White Eagle

  1. There are… stripes on the American flag

А) 7 B)6 C)50 D)13

  1. The greatest river in the USA is

А) Mississippi B) Colorado C) Missouri D) Yukon

  1. There are … regions in the USA

А) 7 B)6 C)50 D)11

Can you name them?___________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. The Grand Canyon was formed by

А) Mississippi B) Colorado C) Missouri D) Yukon

  1. The first president of the USA was

А) George Washington B) Abraham Lincoln C) Jeffrey Jefferson D) Bill Clinton

  1. The states, which are not connected to the other states

А) Alaska and Texas B) Florida and California C) Hawaii and Alaska D) Washington and South Carolina



5 Подведение итогов урока. ( 1-2 минуты)

Анализ неудачных и положительных моментов урока.

( перед проведением рефлексии ученикам выдаются желтые, синие и красные сигнальные карточки)

Ребята поднимают сигнальные карточки:

Всё понятно, вопросов нет – красная

Всё понятно, но есть вопросы – синяя

Многое непонятно, требуется дополнительная консультация – жёлтая


T- I am sure you would enjoy the journey.

What new facts have you known from the lesson?

And now I want to put some marks…

6. Домашнее задание, его объяснение (1-2 минуты)

At home you are to write the letter to your English-speaking pen- friend, who lives in America. Do not forget to ask him about:

  • his state

  • parents and relatives

  • school

  • house

  • friends

7. Организационный конец (1 минута)

You have worked hard today. You can put your things together. See you tomorrow! Good bye!



Библиография.

  1. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/616563/United-States

  2. http://www.usastudvRuide.com/forparents.htm

  3. http://usa.usembassy.de/travel-regions.htm

  4. УМК «Английский язык 6 класс для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка: О.В. Афанасьева и И.В. Михеева»
















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Дата добавления 21.10.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
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