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Инфоурок Иностранные языки КонспектыУрок "Natural disasters" (8класс)

Урок "Natural disasters" (8класс)

IV Международный дистанционный конкурс «Старт» Идёт приём заявок Для дошкольников и учеников 1-11 классов 16 предметов ОРГВЗНОС 25 Р. ПОДАТЬ ЗАЯВКУ
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Тема урока: Nature disasters

Тип урока: эвристический

Использованные технологии:

  1. Коммуникативная технология.

  2. Игровая технология.

  3. Групповая технология.

  4. Технология проектного обучения.

  5. Компьютерная технология.

Цели и задачи урока:

  1. Представить полученные из предыдущих уроков знания о природных катастрофах (nature disasters).

  2. Рассмотреть конкретные вопросы: earthquake, flood, drought, wildfire

  3. Обобщение изученного материала:

  1. развитие навыков диалогической и монологической речи по теме “Nature Disasters”;

  2. развитие навыков аудирования по теме “Earthquake”;

  3. развитие языковой догадки и активизация лексики в лексико-грамматических упражнениях;

  4. самостоятельная исследовательская работа “Create Your Own Tornadoc применением навыков детального чтения аутентичного текста.

Оборудование: ПК, проектор, карточки-задания, Интернет-ресурсы

Формы и методы:

- фронтальная;

- групповая;

- индивидуальная.

Ожидаемые результаты урока:

- расширение объема знаний по теме;

- развитие самостоятельного мышления.

План урока

  1. Организационно-мотивирующий этап.

а) Развитие диалогической речи теме.

  1. Создание учеником СОП по теме “Earthquake. Tornado. Flood. Drought. Avalanche. Hurricane. Tsunami. Wildfire. Eruption”.

а) Развитие языковой догадки учащихся;

б) Развитие лексико-грамматических навыков;

в) Развитие навыка аудирования по теме.

г) Развитие монологической речи.

  1. Конкретизировать знания учащихся по теме “Natural Disasters”.

а) Презентация слайдов “Earthquake”, “Flood”, “Drought”, “Wildfire”

  1. Рефлексия.

  2. Информация о домашнем задании.

Ход урока

  1. Организационно-мотивирующий этап.

А) Развитие навыка диалогической речи.

Dear friends! At the previous lesson we started discussing the subject “Natural disasters”. You read and discussed the text “Tsunami Disaster”. Now I’m going to check up your home assignment: Imagine you are a survivor of a tsunami disaster. Act out an interview with a journalist about your experience. If you have any questions about your homework, don’t hesitate and ask me.

The first interview is between Jason and a journalist.

J: Where did you experience a tsunami?

Jason: It happened in Indonesia.

J: You were a member of a rescue team, weren’t you?

Jason: Yes, I was.

J: How did a rescue team help the Indonesian people?

Jason: We distributed rice, water, tinned fish and other supplies to the people.

J: Did you have any difficulties?

Jason: Yes, of course. Cracked roads and collapsed bridges were making it very difficult.

J: What impressed you most of all?

Jason: On Tuesday, we managed to find a 13-year-old girl who was still alive.

J: Oh, really?

Jason: She had been buried underneath a five-storey building for 52 hours.

The second interview is between Bill and a journalist.

J: How did it happen that you experienced a tsunami?

Bill: I was on holiday.

J: Where were you exactly when you realized that something terrible had happened.

Bill: I was sunbathing when I noticed huge waves.

J: What was your first reaction?

Bill: I started to run but I couldn’t because the water was up to my knees. A few seconds later I was under the water.

J: Oh, goodness! How did you manage to escape this disaster?

Bill: Luckily, a man who was on a palm tree pulled me out of the water onto the tree.

J: What happened next?

Bill: After a few hours we were rescued by some local men and they took us to the hospital.

The third interview is held between Sue and a Journalist.

J: I guess that you are a doctor.

Sue: Yes, you are right. At the hotel my colleagues and I were helping injured people. We gave them emergency first aid.

J: What was the character of these injuries?

Sue: Some of injuries were horrific. People were struck by pieces of wood, metal and fallen trees.

  1. Создание учеником СОП по теме “Earthquake. Tornado. Flood. Drought. Avalanche. Hurricane. Cyclone”.

  1. Развитие языковой догадки учащихся:

So, let’s determine what a natural disaster is. Choose the most appropriate variant. You may use your glossary lists.

Слайд 1

A natural disaster is the effect of the earth’s natural hazards (dangers) with a human involvement.

A natural disaster is the problem with the nature itself.

б) развитие лексико-грамматических навыков учащихся:

You are right.

There are different kinds of natural hazards such as a flood, tornado, hurricane, volcanic eruption, earthquake, heatwave or landslide. You’ll see a presentation “Natural disasters”. Each group will take turns of asking the questions. Use dictionary entries from your home assignment (ex. 6 p. 75) while answering the questions.

Слайды 2- 9

- What is an earthquake caused by? (An earthquake is caused by a shaking of the ground)

- A hurricane is caused by an extremely violent wind, isn’t it? (Yes, it is).

- What’s a tornado? (It’s a violent wind storm which consists of a tall column of air spinning around very fast).

- What is thrown from the crater? (A volcanic eruption allows lava to escape from below the surface).

- What is a flood caused by? (It is caused by lack of rain).

When do we have a drought? (We have a drought during the period of dry weather when there is not enough water)

So, now you’ll have some practice in using words referring to our subject “Natural disasters”. You can use the following site for further work with new words

Слайд 10

http://www.topic.ru/wordlist/natural-disasters

Слайд 11

Put the letters in the correct order.

R G U H O T D (drought)

A E K U Q R E H A T (earthquake)

H A V A C E L N (avalanche)

C R H R I U E N A (hurricane)

O O D F L (flood)

N T I S A M U (tsunami)

A T D O R O N (tornado)

You can use this site for online games and puzzles and creating your school presentation as well.

Слайд 12

http://www.neok12com./Natural-Disasters



Each group will receive a certain task. Choose the word from the list and use it in the correct form to fill in the gaps. Read the first sentence to your opponents. Let them guess what disaster you mean. Read the last two sentences and ask your opponents to translate them.

Group 1

Covered, ruined, cracked, hit, collapsed, snowed in,

Entire crops can be ruined, people and animals can die from drowning. (a flood)

Flood, avalanche, tornadoes, tsunamis, hurricane, drought, wildfire, eruption

Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes, but are typically in the form of a funnel. – Смерчи бывают разных форм и размеров, но обычно они имеют форму воронки.

Southern Africa experienced its worst drought for this century. – В Южной Африке была сильнейшая засуха за сто лет.

Group 2

Covered, ruined, cracked, hit, collapsed, snowed in, covered

We have already started distributing food to people. Unfortunately, cracked roads and collapsed bridges are making it very difficult. (an earthquake, a tsunami)

Flood, avalanche, tornadoes, tsunamis, hurricane, drought, wildfire, eruption

The hurricane hit several cities. –Ураган ударил по нескольким городам.

There was a wildfire in the tundra last year. – В прошлом году в тундре был пожар.

Group 3

Covered, ruined, cracked, hit, collapsed, snowed in, covered

Many people were snowed in and the roads were covered with ice (an avalanche)

Flood, avalanche, tornadoes, tsunamis, hurricane, drought, wildfire, eruption

The flood inundated many cities. – Наводнение затопило много городов.

During an eruption lava is expelled from the crater. – Во время извержения вулкана лава вытесняется из кратера.

Group 4

Covered, ruined, cracked, hit, collapsed, snowed in, covered

That day, winds of over 160 km/hr hit tall buildings, ripped roofs from houses and blew out windows without warning (a tornado)

Flood, avalanche, tornadoes, tsunamis, hurricane, drought, wildfire, eruption

Tsunamis very often take place in Japan. – Цунами очень часто происходят в Японии.

An avalanche is very dangerous for rock climbers. Сход лавины очень опасен для скалолазов.



в) развитие навыка аудирования по теме. Использование сайта http://www.englishdom.com/top/weeklybox/56

Now you’ll listen to Cari, a teacher from the online English school. Your task is to fill in the missing words from her interview in your sheets of paper. If you have some problems with the perception of the text, you can use the prompt.

Hello. This is Cari. I’m a teacher with the online English school, Englishdom.com. Today, we’re going to talk about natural disasters. A natural disaster is __an emergency__(1) situation that results from a natural cause and poses significant danger to life or property. Some examples are earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods or droughts, wildfires, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions.

Have you ever been in _a natural disaster___ (2)? When I was very young, we lived in Iowa which is flatland (a lot of fields and farming areas) and it was very prone to tornadoes___ (3). And I remember many times, my parents walking the children up in the middle of the night and sending us down to the basement to sleep because we had to take cover (because there was a tornado warning).

Now, a tornado sighting means that someone has actually seen the tornado___ (4). A tornado warning means that the conditions are perfect for a tornado but maybe, one has not been seen yet. So, people are often asked to take cover during a tornado warning and you may or may not actually have a tornado.

However, I do remember one time that, after we woke up in the morning, we went driving around town and there was a lot of _damage__ (5) (trees that had fallen on cars or houses so there had been a tornado touch down).

We also had a tornado warning when I lived in Michigan. It is very common in the schools to practice tornado drills and fire drills; which means we practice what to do in those emergency situations. Out in California, which is prone to earthquakes, in the schools they practice _earthquake drills__ (6).

Слайд 13

For your prompt:

Damage

An emergency

Earthquake drills

A Natural disaster

Tornadoes

Tornado

г) Развитие навыка монологической речи.

Can you give a summary of Cari’s interview?

S1: Cari says that a natural disaster is an emergency situation. It is caused by natural cataclysms and brings danger to life and property. When she was a child, she experienced a tornado warning many times. A tornado warning means that the conditions are perfect for a tornado and people are often asked to take cover during a tornado warning.

S2: Cari tells us about her experience of facing natural disaster. She remembers that her parents often woke the children up in the middle of the night and sent them down to the basement to sleep because they had to take cover.

S3: One more fact, one day after the children woke up , they went driving around a town and they saw a lot of trees that had fallen on cars and houses.

S4: I want to add that Cari also says about the system of protection against natural disasters in schools in Michigan and California. Children practice tornado drills, fire drills and earthquake drills that means they practice what to do in those emergency situations.

  1. Конкретизация знаний учащихся по теме “Natural Disasters”.

А) Групповая презентация слайдов “Earthquake”, “Floods”, “Droughts”, “Wildfires”.

Now, I want you to demonstrate your joint presentation. This presentation is the result of your search for some interesting facts referring to natural disasters..

Earthquake

Pay attention to these words:

a sudden release - внезапное освобождение

crust – кора

vary – изменяться

An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes show themselves by vibrations and shaking the ground. The vibrations may vary in magnitude.

Some of the most significant earthquakes in recent times include:

  • The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the third largest earthquake in recorded history. The huge tsunamis caused by this earthquake cost the lives of 229,000 people.

  • The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami brought the death to over 13,000 people and over 12,000 people are still missing.

Flood

overflow – разлив, вытекание через край

an expense water - большое количество воды

submerge – затоплять

devastating - разрушительный

A flood is an overflow of an expense of water that submerges land.

Some of the most significant floods include:

  • The Great Flood of 1993 was one of the most devastating floods in the United States history.

  • The 1998 Yangtze River Floods in China left 14 million people homeless.

  • The 2012 Flood in Krasnodar region killed 162 people. Up to 43,000 people were affected by the disaster. The speed of the flood was shocking, carrying away not only homes but 16-ton trucks as well.

Tropical cyclones can result in great flooding, as happened with:

  • Typhoon Nina, which struck China in 1975,

  • Hurricane Katrina, which struck Australia in 2011

Drought

cattle – скот

water shortage – нехватка воды

a drought emergency declaration – объявление чрезвычайного положения, вызванного засухой

If an area has no rainfall or less rain than normal for a long period of time, it is called a drought. Hot dry winds, very high temperature can also result in conditions of the drought.

Well-known historical droughts include:

  • In 2006, some states of Australia had been under drought conditions for 5 to 10 years.

  • In 2006, Sichuan Province in China experienced its worst drought in modern times with 8 million people and over 7 million cattle facing water shortages.

  • In 2011, the State of Texas lived under a drought emergency declaration for the entire calendar year.

Wildfire

combustible vegetation – воспламеняющаяся растительность

break out – разразиться

damage - ущерб



A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that takes place in the countryside or wilderness area.

The 2010 Russian wildfires were several hundred wildfires that broke out across Russia, primarily in the west, starting in late July 2010, due to record temperatures and drought in the region.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev declared a state of emergency in 7 regions for the fires. The fires cost $ 15 billion in damages.

  1. Рефлексия.

Now think about the topic of the lesson and respond to some essential questions,

Why is a natural disaster called a natural disaster?

A natural disaster is called a natural disaster because it is natural; a man has no control over its power.

Disasters are caused by nature, not a man.

What are different natural hazards?

They are earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, tsunamis, volcano eruptions, avalanches, wildfires, droughts.

Imagine that you live in the area which is prone to one of these natural risks. Would you want to move? Or would you stay because you have roots here or your family here?

I think I would stay because it is my native land. People who live in these areas must follow a natural disaster warning.

In my opinion, it is risky to live in these areas. If you have a chance to move, you’d better

do it.

  1. Домашнее задание: At home you’ll read a text about tornadoes and the next step of your work is to create your own tornado.

Слайд 14

Ex. 1b p. 86

Ex. 5, 6 p. 87













Выбранный для просмотра документ pril1.ppt

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Natural disasters

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Natural disasters
Описание слайда:

Natural disasters

2 слайд What is a natural disaster? A natural disaster is the effect of the earth’s n
Описание слайда:

What is a natural disaster? A natural disaster is the effect of the earth’s natural hazards (dangers) with a human involvement A natural disaster is the problem with the nature itself.

3 слайд Every year different natural disasters happen on our planet. Earthquake Hurri
Описание слайда:

Every year different natural disasters happen on our planet. Earthquake Hurricane Tornado Volcanic eruption Flood Drought

4 слайд They destroy cities and towns, injure people and animals.
Описание слайда:

They destroy cities and towns, injure people and animals.

5 слайд Earthquake An earthquake is a sudden shaking of the ground. It takes place in
Описание слайда:

Earthquake An earthquake is a sudden shaking of the ground. It takes place in Asia, South and North America and Europe. The worst earthquakes were in Japan, China, India, Turkey, Peru, Chile, Mexico, the USA, Armenia, the Russian Federation, Portugal

6 слайд Hurricane A hurricane is a very violent wind or storm. People suffer from hur
Описание слайда:

Hurricane A hurricane is a very violent wind or storm. People suffer from hurricanes in Asia (Japan, China), the Russian Federation, the Philippines.

7 слайд Tornado A tornado is a very violent wind in the form of a funnel of air that
Описание слайда:

Tornado A tornado is a very violent wind in the form of a funnel of air that spins at great speed. Tornadoes are common in North America in the USA in spring and autumn.

8 слайд Volcanic Eruption A volcano is a mountain on the top of which there is a hole
Описание слайда:

Volcanic Eruption A volcano is a mountain on the top of which there is a hole called a crater. Sometimes hot magma, volcanic ash and gases are thrown from the crater. There are active volcanoes in Europe (Italy), in Asia (the Russian Federation) and in South America (Salvador, Hawaii).

9 слайд Flood A flood is a large amount of water that covers an area which is usually
Описание слайда:

Flood A flood is a large amount of water that covers an area which is usually dry.

10 слайд Drought A drought is a long period of dry weather when there is not enough wa
Описание слайда:

Drought A drought is a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water.

11 слайд You can use this site for further work with new words http://www.topic.ru/wor
Описание слайда:

You can use this site for further work with new words http://www.topic.ru/wordlist/natural-disasters

12 слайд Put the letters in the correct order: r g u h o t d a e k u q r e h a t h a v
Описание слайда:

Put the letters in the correct order: r g u h o t d a e k u q r e h a t h a v a c e l n c r h r i u e n a o o d f l n t i s a m u a t d o r o n

13 слайд You can use this site for online games, puzzles and creating your school pres
Описание слайда:

You can use this site for online games, puzzles and creating your school presentation http://www.neok12com./Natural-Disasters

14 слайд For your prompt: damage an emergency earthquake drills a natural disaster tor
Описание слайда:

For your prompt: damage an emergency earthquake drills a natural disaster tornadoes tornado

15 слайд An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crus
Описание слайда:

An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes show themselves by vibrations and shaking the ground. Some of the most significant earthquakes include: The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the 3rd largest earthquake in recorded history. The huge tsunamis caused by this earthquake cost the lives of 229,000 people. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake brought the death to over 13,000 people and over 12,000 people are still missing.

16 слайд A flood is an overflow of an expense of water that submerges land. Some of th
Описание слайда:

A flood is an overflow of an expense of water that submerges land. Some of the most significant floods include: The Great Flood of 1993 was one of the most devastating floods in the US history. The 1998 Yangtze River Flood in China left 14 million people homeless. The 2012 Flood in the Krasnodar region killed more than 171 people. Up to 43,000 people were affected by the disaster. The speed of the flood was shocking, carrying away not only homes but 16-ton trucks as well.

17 слайд Tropical cyclones can result in great flooding, as happened with: Typhoon Nin
Описание слайда:

Tropical cyclones can result in great flooding, as happened with: Typhoon Nina, which struck China in 1975, Hurricane Katrina, which struck Australia in 2011

18 слайд If an area has no rainfall or less rain than normal for a long period of time
Описание слайда:

If an area has no rainfall or less rain than normal for a long period of time, it is called a drought. Hot dry winds, very high temperature can also result in conditions of the drought. Well-known historical droughts include: In 2006, some states of Australia had been under drought conditions for 5 to 10 years. In 2006, Sichuan Province in China experienced its worst drought in modern times with 8 million people and over 7 million cattle facing water shortages. In 2011, the State of Texas lived under a drought emergency declaration for the entire calendar year.

19 слайд A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that takes plac
Описание слайда:

A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that takes place in the countryside or wilderness area. The 2010 Russian wildfires were several hundred wildfires that broke out across Russia, primarily in the west, starting in July 2010, due to record temperatures and droughts in the region. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev declared a state of emergency in 7 regions for the fires. The fires cost $ 15 billion in damages.

20 слайд Home assignment: Create your Own Tornado Ex. 1b p.86 Ex. 5,6 p. 87
Описание слайда:

Home assignment: Create your Own Tornado Ex. 1b p.86 Ex. 5,6 p. 87

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Урок основан на Модуле 5 учебника "Spotlight" для 8 класса. Тема урока "Natural disasters". Тип урока: эвристический. Используемые технологии: коммуникативная, игровая, групповая, технология проектного обучения, компьютерная технология. Цели и задачи урока: представить о полученные из предыдущих уроков знания о катастрофах; обобщить изученный материал; развитие навыков диалогической и монологической речи по теме; развитие навыков аудирования; развитие языковой догадки и активизация лексики в лексико-грамматических упражнениях; самостоятельная исследовательская работа "Create Your Own Tornado". Урок снабжен презентацией и материалом из Youtube.

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