“Great Britain. London”
- to practise speaking about places of interest of London,
- to revise lexis on the topic,
- to improve grammar skills and listening comprehension skills, reading skills,
- to develop monological and dialogical speech,
- to develop students’ memory, logical thinking, quick reaction, creative abilities;
- to develop the culture of behaviour
Equipment: textbooks, cards, pictures
Starting point. Greeting.
T: Good morning, dear friends. I am happy to greet you at our English lesson. Today we’ll learn some interesting facts about London and check what you already know! From the very ancient times people wanted to explore other countries. They used primitive transport, they spent much time to get somewhere, and they tried and tried and tried.
To whatever part of the world you went by wheel or sail, or wing, or track,
You’ll have exciting things to tell. Now that you are safely back.
So, today we are going to make a very enjoyable trip to a wonderful country, the United Kingdom. We’ll have an exciting excursion about its beautiful capital and see its wonderful places of interest.
T: London has been home of many famous Englishmen. We’ll begin with the quotation of the English Lexicographer Dr. Samuel Johnson who lived in London
in 1777. He said: “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life: for there is in London all that life can afford”. What do you think about the quotation? Describe
London expressing your point of view about this city.
P1: In my opinion London is very busy because the population is about 7 million people. It seems to me that the streets are always busy in this capital.
P2: I think that the city is unique. London is two thousand years old. It was founded in the first century A.D. by the Romans. The name of the town was Londinium. The Romans built Londinium near the river Thames. The buildings
of London can tell us interesting stories about history and culture.
P3: I agree that London is a cultural centre but it is also one of the most important industrial centres. Lots of things, such as clothes, food, planes and cars are made in and around London. London is a mixture of old and new beautiful buildings.
P4: It seems to me that the life is very interesting in London because there are
a lot of places of interest: museums, theatres, cathedrals, picture galleries, palaces. (etc)
Checking up home-assignment
T: Your home task was to prepare dialogues about places of interest of London.
– At last I’m in London. It’s great! Oh, here is an Information desk. Excuse me, sir.
– Yes. What can I do for you?
– Could you tell me the best way to get much more information about London?
Is it your first time here?
Yes, it is.
The best way is to start from Trafalgar Square. On the column in the centre there is a statue of Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
I know there are four bronze lions which look at the square from the monument.
You are right. There are also two beautiful fountains in it. They are in front of the National Gallery which is one of the best picture galleries of the world. You will see other places of interest.
– Thank you very much for information. I’ll take a double-decker bus. Good bye!
Good-bye. Have a nice trip!
Let’s go to London!
Let’s see Trafalgar Square!
We’ll visit many places of interest
And have fun there.
– Look, we are near Trafalgar Square.
– What is situated in the center of the square?
– It’s a column of Admiral Nelson. He was a brave and skillful admiral.
– Fantastic! I see the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British government. It’s a marvelous sight! Especially Big Ben.
– Yes, it is the Clock Tower. It is famous for its immense bell, known as “Big Ben”.
– Is it the biggest bell in Britain?
– Yes, it is. It weighs more than 13 tons.
– Why is it called “Big Ben”?
– The clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall who was a very tall man. He was responsible for this clock. You can hear its sound every hour in London.
– What time is it?
– It’s 5 minutes to one.
– Super! We’ll hear it in 5 minutes. Thank you for information.
Ladies and gentlemen. We are in front of Buckingham Palace, the Queen’s official London residence. The palace was originally built in 1705 for the Duke of Buckingham. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to take up residence in Buckingham Palace. You can see her memorial in front of the palace. Nowadays Buckingham Palace is like a small town with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, two sports clubs, a disco, a cinema and a swimming pool. There are 775 rooms. The State Rooms, the Royal Collection are open to visitors every year.
Can we visit Buckingham Palace today?
No, we cannot. The Queen is in her residence. Buckingham Palace is partially open to the public when the Queen is not present.
How do you know that the Queen is in her residence?
– When the Queen is in residence the Royal Standard flies. When the Queen is not present the Union Flag flies instead. Look at the Union Flag!
Oh, I see.
You can stay here and watch the special ceremony. Look, they are changing
the Guard. It happens every day at 11:30 a.m.
Thank you for information.
– Ladies and gentlemen. We are in the Tower of London. It was a fortress, a palace, a prison and the King’s Zoo. William the Conqueror built it in the eleventh century. Nowadays it is a museum. You can see the National Collection of Amour and Royal Regalias here.
It is dark here.
You are right. The windows are small. The walls are 3 metres thick.
Oh, I see ravens near the walls.
We believe that ravens bring good luck to Britain. If they fly away the
Tower of London will fall down. Of course, it is a legend. Black ravens have become the symbol of the Tower of London.
What other stories do you know about the Tower of London?
The Tower of London is 900 years old. The stones can tell you a lot of stories. One of them is about two sons of Edward IV of England. When their father died children were placed in the Tower of London by their
uncle, Richard III of England in 1483. They were killed here. Some people
saw their ghosts.
– Oh, it’s horrible! Can we go out? ….
The main part
T: Your task is to listen to the questions and choose the correct answer.
What is the most ancient stone circle in Great Britain?
This theatre was opened in London in 1997. The original theatre
burnt down over four hundred years ago. It is an open air wooden
theatre, where the audience stand around the stage. It is a famous
theatre where only the Shakespeare’s plays are staged.
It is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in London. It is more than nine hundred years old. It is a symbol of England. The coronation of all British Kings and Queens takes place here. Since the Christmas Day coronation of William the Conqueror in 1066, all English monarchs have been crowned in the Abbey.
It was built by Sir Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1710 to replace the old Cathedral that was largely destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. It is a place for many state ceremonies. Every year a special service is held on the occasion of the Monarch’s birthday.
T: Read the poem about the British. What main traits of the English character, habits can you single out?
They dress in what they like
They are interested in sport
They take part in all activities.
They all succeed in doing
Their work in five short days,
Which leaves them two the longest ones
To spend in different ways.
Then some indulge in gardening,
Or walking in the rain.
And some delight in cricket,
Or in riding in the plain.
In spite of what’s around him
The average Englishman
Does crosswords in the newspaper
In pencil – if he can.
Involved in any accident
The English take a pride
In being unemotional.
They take things in their stride
In any circumstances –
Whatever they may be –
The English solve their problems
With an English cup of tea.
P1: The English people are reserved. They are fond of gardening, riding a horse and cricket. They prefer drinking a cup of tea (etc).
T: Read two texts about life in London. Find out what John and Frank like and dislike about London.
I have lived in London all my life. I am a driver. The best thing about London is the mix of people. London is a cosmopolitan city. People of several races and many nationalities live there. The worst thing is that there is much traffic. In spite of this fact it’s convenient to go by public transport. There are two main kinds of buses in London: the red double-decker and the red single-decker. Some double-deckers have automatic doors and you may pay the driver when you go in. In single-deckers you buy your ticket from a machine in the bus. But most London buses have a conductor who will come round and collect fares. Double-deckers have seats for 65 people. Only 5 people are allowed to stand when the seats are full.
John, 46 years old,
I have been living in London for a year.
I am a student. I came from France to study
English. A lot of Londoners are fond of gardening, cricket, football, tennis, theatre and cinema. To my mind, they don’t care much about clothes. They never know what they want to buy, especially when they go shopping for clothes. For example, they always ask for advice and they believe the shop assistant who says
“It suits you perfectly’’. Actually Londoners are friendly. They are polite and well-disciplined.
They have good manners and know how to behave. The best thing about London is visiting places of interest. The worst thing is polluted air in the East End. There are most of the factories and docks.
Frank, 19 years old, a student
T: Divide into two groups. Sum up the character of Londoners and London. Tell your classmates about them.
T: Write the text about the London Eye putting the verbs in the Past Simple Passive form (ex.1a., p.140).
T: Your home task is to write the text about the Millennium Bridge putting the verbs in the Past Simple Passive form (ex.1b, p.140).