Урок по английскому языку на тему "Global Problems" (9 класс)

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Инфоурок Иностранные языки КонспектыУрок по английскому языку на тему "Global Problems" (9 класс)

Урок по английскому языку на тему "Global Problems" (9 класс)

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6.18 МБ 05 - Earth Song.mp3
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Global Problems

Date: ____________

Language skills: speaking, reading, listening, writing

Topic: Global catastrophe

Objectives: to develop students’ skills

to raise motivation to the lesson

to enrich the students overlook

Materials: presentation, cd, handouts

Time: 45 min

Group: ______

Level: Intermediate

Number of students: _______

PRE

Warm up activity (5 min)

Procedure: Whole-group work. Ask the students to answer the following questions:

  • What is catastrophe for you?

  • What kind catastrophes do you know?

Possible answer: (the answers may vary)

Activity 1

Objective: to improve learners’ listening skills

Time: 10 min.

Material: cd, handout 1

  • Procedure: Individual work. Give students handouts with words of the song and ask them to fill the blanks. Play a song (Michael Jackson “Earth Song”).

Possible answer: What about sunrise
What about rain
What about all the things
That you said we were to gain...
What about killing fields
Is there a time
What about all the things
That you said was yours and mine...
Did you ever stop to notice
All the blood we've shed before
Did you ever stop to notice
The crying Earth the weeping shores?

Activity 2

Objective: to enrich learners’ vocabulary

Time: 7 min.

Material: presentation, handout 2

  • Procedure: Divide the students into 4 groups. Give students handouts with new words, ask them to match the words, which they will see during the presentation

Answers keys:

1. Chemical weapons ___________ 7. The problem of smoking _________

2. Water pollution ___________ 8. Drugs _________

3. Global warming ___________ 9. Air catastrophe _________

4. Aids ___________ 10. The Chernobyl accident _________

5. Flood ___________ 11. Earthquake _________

6. Terrorism ___________ 12. The eruption of volcano _________

WHILE

Activity 1

Objective: to enrich the students’ vocabulary

Time: 10 min

Material: handout 3

  • Procedure:

Work in pairs. Tell the students to match words with their definitions.

Possible answers:

contaminate


To expose to or permeate with radioactivity.

nuclear

Of, using, or possessing atomic or hydrogen bombs

warfare

Military operations marked by a specific characteristic

genes

a combining form meaning “something that produces, stimulates the production of, or induces” the thing specified by the initial element

disaster

An occurrence causing widespread destruction and distress; a catastrophe.

plume

A space in air, water, or soil containing pollutants released from a point source.

drug

A chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction.

soil

A particular kind of earth or ground

incapacitable

To deprive of strength or ability; disable.

smallpox

An acute, highly infectious, often fatal disease caused by a poxvirus and characterized by high fever and aches with subsequent widespread eruption of pimples that blister, produce pus, and form pockmarks.

debris

Carelessly discarded refuse; litter.

helpline

a telephone line operated by a charitable organization for people in distress

global scale

A similar part, such as one of the minute structures overlapping to form the covering on the wings of butterflies and moths.

decimation

destroying or killing a large part of the population (literally every tenth person as chosen by lot)

acronym

a pronounceable name made up of a series of initial letters or parts of words





Activity 2

Objective: to improve the students reading skills. (scanning)

Time: 20 min.

Material: handout 4.

  • Procedure:

Group work. Give the students handouts with true\false sentences in each handout ask them to read the text attentively and find the answers.

Global catastrophes.

Global catastrophic risks are risks that seriously threaten human well-being on a global scale. Global catastrophes have occurred many times in history, even if we only count disasters causing more than 10 million deaths. A very partial list of examples includes the An Shi Rebellion (756-763), the Taping Rebellion (1851-1864), and the famine of the Great Leap Forward in China, the Black Death in Europe, the Spanish flu pandemic, the two World Wars, the Nazi genocides, the famines in British India, Stalinist totalitarianism, and the decimation of the native American population through smallpox.

    The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 26, 1986, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine which used to be the part of the Soviet Union that time. The Chernobyl accident was clearly a major disaster for the whole humanity. The accident produced a huge plume of radioactive debris that drifted over parts of the western Soviet Union, Eastern and Northern Europe, the UK, and even eastern USA. More than 300,000 people were evacuated and resettled. But many people remained to live on the contaminated grounds, some people who were evacuated returned and still live in the 30 km zone.

AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is thought to be caused primarily by a virus that invades white blood cells (lymphocytes) and certain other body cells including the brain.    Although treatments for both AIDS and HIV exist to slow the virus' progression in a human patient, there is no known cure. AIDS is thought to have originated in sub-Saharan Africa during the twentieth century and is now a global epidemic. HIV may not produce illness until its genes are «turned on» five, ten, fifteen or perhaps more years after the initial infection. There are several types of AIDS. No one has been cured up to the present moment.

World's drug problem is growing. The highest increase in drug use is among teenagers. Most young drug-users say that they listen more to what their friends say about drugs than to what the media say about drugs.
   The number of young males taking drugs is higher than the number of young females. Many teenagers try drugs as a "dare". The health authority has put the number of their drugs helpline in a lot of places. The people at the helpline advise people what to do if they have a drug problem or need more information about the dangers of drugs.

Biological warfare is the use of any bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war to incapacitate or kill an adversary. Biological warfare has been practiced repeatedly throughout human history.    Chemical warfare is a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate this a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances. For many terrorist organizations, chemical weapons might be considered an ideal choice for a mode of attack, if they are available: they are cheap, relatively-accessible, and easy to transport.  

 People have always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowned rural areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become more important. Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food cannot be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

The reason of all global catastrophes is a man and only he can stop them.



True\False sentences:

1. HIV may not produce illness until its genes are «turned on» five, ten, fifteen or perhaps more years after the initial infection.

2. The highest increase in drug use is among adults.

3. Chemical warfare is the use of any bacteria as a weapon of war to incapacitate or kill an adversary.

4. Biological warfare is a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances.

5. People have always polluted their surroundings.

6. AIDS is thought to have originated in South America.

7. The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 27, 1985, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine.

8. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

9. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become less important.

10. The health authority has put the number of their drugs helpline in a lot of places.

Activity 3

Objective: to improve the students’ grammar

Time: 10 min

Material: board

Procedure:

Individual work. Ask the students to make up sentences in Passive Voice using the following word combinations and write them to their notebooks:

AIDS, Chemical warfare, drug, available, pollution, global catastrophe

Answer key: the answers may vary

POST

Activity 1

Objective: to improve speaking skills

Time: 15 min

Material: 4 sheets of paper, markers

  • Procedure:

Group work (4 groups), give each group a sheet of paper, ask them to find global problems and their decisions using method “Fish skeleton”.

Problems

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hello_html_68dee365.gifhello_html_m14b6a07f.gifhello_html_m2809eaa4.gifhello_html_m4148a5d7.gif







Decisions

Possible answer: answers may vary


Activity 2

Objective: to improve speaking skills

Time: 10 min

Material: 4 sheets of paper, markers

  • Procedure: Group work (4 groups), give each group a sheet of paper, ask them to make a presentation drawing pictures about global catastrophes.

Possible answer: answers may vary


Home task (3 min):



Reference: http://www.michaeljackson.com/us/home

http://www.english-lessons-online.ru/chitalka/topics/global-problems























Students’ worksheet

Handout 1, activity 1

Individual work. Listen the song and fill the blanks.

What about __________
What about rain
What about ___________
That you said we were to gain...
What about ___________ fields
Is there a time
What about all the things
That you said was _____________...
Did you ever stop to notice
All the blood we've _________ before
Did you ever stop to notice
The crying _________ the weeping shores?
________________________________________________________________________________________

Handout 2, activity 2

You should work in your small groups, match the words, which you will see during the presentation



1. Chemical weapons ___________ 7. The problem of smoking _________

2. Water pollution ___________ 8. Drugs _________

3. Global warming ___________ 9. Air catastrophe _________

4. Aids ___________ 10. The Chernobyl accident _________

5. Flood ___________ 11. Earthquake _________

6. Terrorism ___________ 12. The eruption of volcano _________



Handout 3, activity 3

contaminate


A space in air, water, or soil containing pollutants released from a point source.

nuclear

A similar part, such as one of the minute structures overlapping to form the covering on the wings of butterflies and moths.

warfare

a pronounceable name made up of a series of initial letters or parts of words

genes

A chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction.

disaster

Carelessly discarded refuse; litter.

plume

destroying or killing a large part of the population (literally every tenth person as chosen by lot)

drug

To deprive of strength or ability; disable.

soil

An acute, highly infectious, often fatal disease caused by a poxvirus and characterized by high fever and aches with subsequent widespread eruption of pimples that blister, produce pus, and form pockmarks.

incapacitable

An occurrence causing widespread destruction and distress; a catastrophe.

smallpox

A particular kind of earth or ground

debris

Of, using, or possessing atomic or hydrogen bombs

helpline

a telephone line operated by a charitable organization for people in distress

global scale

a combining form meaning “something that produces, stimulates the production of, or induces” the thing specified by the initial element

decimation

Military operations marked by a specific characteristic

acronym

To expose to or permeate with radioactivity.

Handout 4, activity 4

It is a group work. Read the text attentively and find the answers. Write true of false

Global catastrophes.

Global catastrophic risks are risks that seriously threaten human well-being on a global scale. Global catastrophes have occurred many times in history, even if we only count disasters causing more than 10 million deaths. A very partial list of examples includes the An Shi Rebellion (756-763), the Taping Rebellion (1851-1864), and the famine of the Great Leap Forward in China, the Black Death in Europe, the Spanish flu pandemic, the two World Wars, the Nazi genocides, the famines in British India, Stalinist totalitarianism, and the decimation of the native American population through smallpox.

    The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 26, 1986, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine which used to be the part of the Soviet Union that time. The Chernobyl accident was clearly a major disaster for the whole humanity. The accident produced a huge plume of radioactive debris that drifted over parts of the western Soviet Union, Eastern and Northern Europe, the UK, and even eastern USA. More than 300,000 people were evacuated and resettled. But many people remained to live on the contaminated grounds, some people who were evacuated returned and still live in the 30 km zone.

AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is thought to be caused primarily by a virus that invades white blood cells (lymphocytes) and certain other body cells including the brain.    Although treatments for both AIDS and HIV exist to slow the virus' progression in a human patient, there is no known cure. AIDS is thought to have originated in sub-Saharan Africa during the twentieth century and is now a global epidemic. HIV may not produce illness until its genes are «turned on» five, ten, fifteen or perhaps more years after the initial infection. There are several types of AIDS. No one has been cured up to the present moment.

World's drug problem is growing. The highest increase in drug use is among teenagers. Most young drug-users say that they listen more to what their friends say about drugs than to what the media say about drugs.
   The number of young males taking drugs is higher than the number of young females. Many teenagers try drugs as a "dare". The health authority has put the number of their drugs helpline in a lot of places. The people at the helpline advise people what to do if they have a drug problem or need more information about the dangers of drugs.

Biological warfare is the use of any bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war to incapacitate or kill an adversary. Biological warfare has been practiced repeatedly throughout human history.    Chemical warfare is a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate this a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances. For many terrorist organizations, chemical weapons might be considered an ideal choice for a mode of attack, if they are available: they are cheap, relatively-accessible, and easy to transport.  

 People have always polluted their surroundings. But until now pollution was not such a serious problem. People lived in uncrowned rural areas and did not have pollution — causing machines. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become more important. Air, water, and soil are necessary for existence of all living things. But polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. On polluted soil, food cannot be grown. In addition environmental pollution spoils the natural beauty of our planet. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

The reason of all global catastrophes is a man and only he can stop them.



















True\False sentences:

T

F

1



2



3



4



5



6



7



8



9



10



1. HIV may not produce illness until its genes are «turned on» five, ten, fifteen or perhaps more years after the initial infection.

2. The highest increase in drug use is among adults.

3. Chemical warfare is the use of any bacteria as a weapon of war to incapacitate or kill an adversary.

4. Biological warfare is a military operation using the toxic properties of chemical substances.

5. People have always polluted their surroundings.

6. AIDS is thought to have originated in South America.

7. The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 27, 1985, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine.

8. Individuals and groups of people can work together to persuade enterprises to stop polluting activities.

9. With the development of crowded industrial cities which put huge amounts of pollutants into small areas, the problem has become less important.

10. The health authority has put the number of their drugs helpline in a lot of places.




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