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Урок по английскому языку на тему ”Kazakh traditions and customs”
”Kazakh traditions and customs”
Theme: Project ”Kazakh traditions and customs”
Type of the lesson: Presentation of the project.
Materials needed: Interactive board, CD, pictures on theme.
- to widen students’ knowledge about Kazakh traditions and customs.
- to enrich students’ vocabularies.
- to feel confident in speaking
- to search and learn necessary materials on theme on their own way.
- to master students to respect and keep traditions and customs.
The procedure of the lesson.
Good morning, everybody! You know, all people in our country are going to celebrate the Independence Day on the 16th of December. So, I’m devoting this lesson to Kazakh traditions and customs.
Teacher: Why should people keep their traditions? Is it important to keep them?
P1: - Yes, we should respect and keep our traditions and customs for the next generation, because traditions tell and show us the life of our nation. Each nation is rich in traditions, it’s important to know own traditions it means to be patriots of the motherland.
Teacher: Ok. You are quite right.
The main stage.
Teacher: Before talking about traditions I want you tell about our motherland. - What do you feel when you pronounce the word motherland?
P2: Some people say that the motherland is the place where we were born and grew up. But I don’t think so. I was born in America, but I live in Kazakhstan. My ancestors live in Kazakhstan. In my opinion, the man can be compared with a tree. The tree can be very high, but it will always protect it’s roots from the bad sun rays. The man can be far away from his motherland, but it always is a place where he can get some energy to grow up and develop.
Teacher: Last week at the English lesson we discussed and you took your home task to create and present the project on the topic “Kazakh traditions and customs”. I think you are ready to present your project.
On the screen of the interactive board there are some slides about Kazakhstan which show achievements of the country. And speaking is being accompanied by kui Kurmangazy.
P3: - I was born in Kazakhstan, I am a part of it, and I am its citizen. As you can’t choose your parents, you can’t choose your motherland. In my opinion, motherland is the place you love, miss people you want to see when you’re away. Eventually, it is usually one the same entity. We are fast - developing country; our world authority is rising up from day to day. There are many examples proving our prosperity. All This Changes were made due to the president policy. Today it is the modern country with great future and with a great past. In the future our country will take higher position than it does now. Not only economics but also social conditions will improve. Consequently new generation will have all corresponding qualifications necessary to lead the country ahead.
Teacher: The Kazakh people are rich in tradition. From birth through venerable age and death, every step of the lives has historically marked with celebration. From ancient times each family lived in its home called yurta, to build and live in it. The man should have skills and special knowledge
On the screen there is the construction of Yurta
P4: Can I tell about yurta, having read it I have known a lot of interesting things about its construction. Yurta in Kazakh Kyiz ui for a long time was the most convenient and the main shelter of Kazakh nomads. From roughly built huts they managed to invent Kyiz ui. It took a long time and the experience of many years to invent this new shelter. Kazakh yurts were stable and beautifully decorated. Wealthy Kazakhs had yurts made of four, six, eight, twelve or fourteen wings and it would take a year to choose appropriate sticks. Yurt is the only shelter in the world which is built without any nails. The parts of yurt like the shanyrak and uyk, door were pert of framework. The most durable of them is the shanyrak, which was difficult to make it. The Shanyrak is symbolic of a home and family.
Teacher: I can’t imagine the life without children. I think the dearest thing in the life is our children, because children are always new generation, future of our life.
There are the slides about children on the screen.
Teacher: Can we tell about wonderful traditions and customs of Kazakh people according to children?
On screen there are the slides about baby’s birth. The family is holding the bright feast.
- The new life in the Kazakh tradition was called Shildekhana, and this gathering also included the participation of many young people. All participants donned their best clothes and rode their horses to the event if they had one. Others rode their bulls, and sang songs en route to the celebration. Elders came to a “Bata”, or blessing. Invited participants ate, had fun, and sang songs to the tune of the dombyra, a traditional two - stringed instruments. Women who had just born children were admonished to eat plenty of kalja so that they would be strong and recover quickly. The Kazakhs considered that fat, fresh meat and meat broth would give her strength.
P6: Besik Toi.
For babies, the tradition of Besikke Salu was practiced and involved placing the baby in the cradle for the first time. Special foods are prepared, and all the relatives, neighbors, and nearby children are invited. Guests to the feast brought «Shashu» or candies, or kurt, and coins. The baby’s cradle is made by a special master carver. Only women who have conceived their own children are allowed to place babies in their cradles, and any woman who would place a friend’s baby in this place of honor must sew and present a new itkoiiek to the baby’s mother.
After telling about Besik Toi students show this tradition by using a toy cradle and a doll.
P7: The next interesting tradition is Tusau Kesu.
After the baby’s cradle and crawling stage, the scene is set for another celebration. For the ceremony, black and white thread was prepared in advance to tie the baby’s legs. The mother would ask one of the more energetic woman first to bind the baby and then to cut the string. In this way the baby’s first step would be toward his mother. Everybody would then wish the family great success for the baby’s future.
Teacher: I would you to tell about one of the most amazing traditions as Kyz Kuu. It is typical Kazakh tradition, which is still to be found.
Kazakh feasts are on the screen.
P8: During Kyz Kuu people would gather at a race course, and young girls and zhigits would have their racehorses prepared. Kyz Kuu was usually held in conjunction with their big celebrations, as during Kurban and Oraza Aits. People prepared much food plenty of kumis. Of course, as it was a celebration, everybody would wear his or her best clothes. People in attendance would eat and watch Kyz Kuu.
In the race a young girl and a zhigit would ride a distance of five to six kilometers. They would ride close together and talk, and stay close enough to embrace or the zhigit kisses the girl. Kyz Kuu isn` t used only as an entertainment during celebrations, rather, it` s a kind of schooling about riding. From history we all know about the devastating wars Kazakhs fought or horseback. So from early ages fathers taught their sons and daughters how to saddle and ride a horse. In early times you couldn` t meet a girl or boy not riding a horse, so it was important to teach our youth to ride a horse in order to develop these sorts of riding abilities.
Show Kyz Kuu. (horses are made out of cartoons and some fabrics)
Four students in Kazakh national clothes perform Kyz Kuu.
Teacher: Today we described various ancient traditions about Kazakh celebrations and holidays. Some traditions were abounded. The abandoned traditions are just now being rediscovered by the Kazakh people. We consider that the important traditions of our nation are basic instruments in bringing up the younger generation. These traditions include being respectful to all people, being patriots of the motherland, being honest and learning to love humankind.
Giving homework and marks.
So, our lesson is over, I think we have reached our goals, you will remember this lesson. You are free. Good - bye children!
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