Тема: Праздники и традиции в Великобритании
Учитель: Чумаченко Е.С. (учитель англ. яз. "Гимназии № 13")
Учебно-практическая: активизация и закрепление лексики по теме: “Праздники и обычаи страны изучаемого языка”, развитие навыков устной речи, формирование гибких и вариативных умений говорить, развитие навыков понимания иностранной речи на слух, грамматических навыков, навыков чтения и письменной речи.
Познавательная: расширение и углубление культурологических знаний, повышение общей культуры общения.
Развивающая: развитие навыков языковой догадки, языковой реакции, памяти, внимания, мышления, восприятия и инициативы.
Воспитательная: формирование уважительного отношения к языку, к культуре и традиции других народов; умения активно и плодотворно работать в коллективе.
Учебник "English-VI", авт. И.В. Михеева; О.В. Афанасьева.
Плакаты по теме: “Праздники и обычаи страны изучаемого языка”.
Символы праздников и традиций Великобритании.
Раздаточный материал (карточки для выполнения заданий по аудированию, карточки для выполнения заданий по чтению).
Магнитофон, диск для аудирования "The trooping of the colour", диск с песней "We wish you a merry Christmas".
Компьютер, проектор, презентация слайдов в Power Point по теме: “Праздники и традиции страны изучаемого языка”.
Карточки с кроссвордами.
Пазл для физкультминутки.
Поздравительные открытки с Рождеством и Новым Годом.
I. Организационный момент: (1 мин)
T: Good morning, boys and girls. I'm glad to see you. How are you?
P: Good morning, teacher. We're fine, thank you. And you?
T: I'm fine, too. Sit down, please and get ready for the lesson.
(Стучит почтальон и приносит посылку от одноклассницы, которая недавно уехала в Британию учиться).
Postman: I'm a postman and have brought you a parcel from your classmate, who studies in Great Britain now. Here you are.
(Учитель раскрывает посылку и достаёт атрибуты праздников).
T: Are you interested what there is in this parcel?
P: Of course, we are.
T: Oh, these are the symbols of different holidays. Who knows what holiday this symbol belongs to? (Учитель показывает символы - тыква, ёлка, Санта, яйцо, чучело, сердце - а дети говорят к какому празднику они принадлежат).
II. Объявление целей и задач урока: (1 мин)
T: You see there are a lot of holidays in Great Britain and they are so different. How do you think what we are going to speak about at our lesson?
P: We'll speak about holidays in Great Britain.
T: Yes, you are right. The theme of our lesson is "Holidays and traditions in Great Britain". And especially we'll know more about traditions of such holidays as Halloween, Guy Fawkes Day, Christmas and St. Valentines Day. (Слайд 1)
III. Речевая разминка: (3 мин)
T: But tell me, please, children, what holidays are celebrated in your families? And how do you celebrate them?
Do you know that a roast turkey is a traditional food on Christmas in Britain?
What is the most favourite holiday in your family?
What religious holidays do you know in Great Britain?
(Дети отвечают на вопросы).
IV. Развитие лексических и грамматических навыков: (3 мин)
T: As we know there are several holidays in the year. Some of them are in autumn, some of them are in winter, summer and spring. Look at the screen, please, and find the right date for every holiday. (Слайд 2, 3).
P: On the 1st of January is New Year. (Дети отрабатывают грамматическую форму даты).
V. Обучение аудированию: (9 мин)
T: But in this table it isn't mentioned about important holiday for the British - "Trooping of the Colour". I'd like you to hear a story about one of the most bright and colourful traditions "Trooping of the Colour". At fist let's learn new words, which are met in the text. Repeat after me (Слайд 4):
the head of Great Britain a parade
official birthday to march (маршировать)
brass bands (духовой оркестр)
(Ученики повторяют слова за учителем)
T: Now listen to the text and say what interesting fact is mentioned in it.
(Ученики слушают запись и потом отвечают на вопрос).
T: Listen again and then we'll discuss it and do some tasks.
(Ученики слушают запись второй раз и затем выполняют задания к аудированному тексту).
I. Say if it is true or false: (Слайд 5, 6).
a) The head of the country is the King.
b) The Queen was born on the second Saturday in June.
c) The British celebrate the Queen`s official birthday in June.
d) The ceremony is called '"The Trooping of the Colour".
e) Queen`s soldier is called "The Colour".
f) You can`t watch the ceremony on TV.
II. Fill in the gaps with the given words: (Слайд 7, 8).
The head of Great Britain is the ________. Her real birthday is on the 21st of _______. But she has an official birthday too.
It is celebrated in ______. The ceremony is called "The Trooping of the ______". It is a big parade with ________ and hundreds of _______ on horses.
The Guards in front of the Queen carry the flag, which is called "______". It`s a very ________ ceremony. Thousands of Londoners and visitors watch Guard`s Parade. Millions of people at home _______ it on TV.
watch, April, bright, Colour (2), brass bands, June, Queen, soldiers
VI. Физкультминутка: (Слайд 9, 10) (1 мин)
T: Let's have a rest a little and make a puzzle of one of the holidays. You should guess what holiday it is. Work in groups.
VII. Развитие навыков говорения (монологической и диалогической речи): (8 мин)
T: You are good pupils. You've known about the main tradition in Great Britain "Trooping of the Colour". But there are some other interesting traditions of the holidays. Some of you were given the task to find and tell us information about holidays and traditions in Britain. Are you ready?
(2 ученика рассказывают про праздник, остальные задают им вопросы) (Слайд 11).
P1: I would like to tell you about Christmas. It is the most popular holiday in Britain. It's celebrated on the 25th of December. It is a happy holiday for many people in different countries.
P3: It's very interesting. And what about Christmas traditions?
P2: Oh, in Britain they have many interesting traditions. Usually people put their Christmas presents into boxes. Children write letters to Santa Claus. They tell Santa Claus what they want for Christmas and give promises to be good in the coming year. They are called "resolutions". Children hang their Christmas stockings on their beds or put them under the tree. Father Christmas puts presents into them.
P4: I heard that one of the most important tradition in every family in Britain is a Christmas tree, isn't it?
P1: Yes, you are right. The family decorates it together. Every English family sends many Christmas cards. Every year there is a very big Christmas tree in the center of London, in Trafalgar Square. On Christmas Day all the family is together. They have Christmas dinner. There is always a turkey and Christmas pudding on the table.
T: Thank you. And how do people celebrate St. Valentine's Day? (Слайд 12)
P1: St. Valentine's Day is a romantic holiday in Britain, I think. First Valentine cards appeared in the 18th century. Nowadays Valentine's Day is celebrated in many countries of the world on the 14th of February. In Europe. North America and Australia this day is known as Saint Valentine's Day.
P3: How do Englishmen celebrate it?
P2: On that day people send "Valentines" - special cards to their friends and relatives. You can also send a card to a person you don't know. But traditionally you mustn't write your name on it. There are a lot of symbols connected with Saint Valentine's Day: red hearts, boxes of sweets, beautifully decorated cards, Cupids.
T: Very well. And what about Halloween? (Слайд 13, 14)
P3: It can be a stupid question, but I'm afraid I don't know much about Halloween. What is it like?
P1: Parties are usually great fun. People dress up in strange costumes and pretend they're ghosts and witches. They play games and dance and laugh a lot. When the party is over, they put on white sheets and knock on their neighbours` doors asking if they would like a "trick" or "treat".
P4: Trick or treat? What do you mean?
P2: Nothing dangerous. If they give them a treat - some sweets, nuts or cakes - they say "thank you" and go away. But if they don't they play a trick on them.
P4: What? A trick? What do they do?
P2: They make a lot of noise and throw flour on their front doorstep!
P3: Wow! How do they prepare for the party?
P1: They cut an ugly face in a pumpkin and put a candle inside. It shines through the eye holes. Then they take the pumpkin to the party to decorate the hall.
P5: How interesting! I would like to celebrate Halloween.
T: Good! And what can you tell about Guy Fawkes` Day? (Слайд 15)
P1: Do you know the history of the holiday Guy Fawkes` Night?
P3: No, but I'd like to know.
P1: In 1605 King James the First was on the throne. As a Protestant, he was very unpopular with Roman Catholics.
P3: I see, but who was Guy Fawkes and why is it celebrated on the 5th of November?
P2: Have some patience! I'm coming. So, some of those Roman Catholics planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament on the 5th of November that year, when the King was going to open the Parliament. Under the House of Lords they stored thirty-six barrels of gunpowder, which were to be exploded by a man called Guy Fawkes.
P4: How interesting! Did they manage to realize their plan? Were the Houses of Parliament blown up?
P1: No, one of the plotters spoke about the plan and Fawkes was discovered, arrested and later hanged. Since that day Englishmen traditionally celebrate November the 5th by burning a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire.
T: You've prepared very valuable information about holidays. It was interesting, thank you.
VIII. Развитие навыков чтения: (5 мин)
T: Now you know more about traditions and let's check up your knowledge in it. You should read the descriptions of the holidays from the cards, name them and choose the right symbol. (Слайд 16)
Symbols: a fir-tree, a black raven, an egg, a scarecrow, a card in the shape of heart, a pumpkin, a guard, Santa Clause.
Cards: 1. People decorate Christmas tree with toys and balls.
They get presents and have a traditional dinner.
2. Englishmen colour eggs, have a party and go to church.
And children get chocolate eggs and rabbits.
3. Children usually make a scarecrow and burn it.
They have bonfires and fireworks.
4. Girls and boys send special cards each other on this holiday and guess who sent them. They express deepest feelings and love.
5. People make faces out of pumpkins and meet witches, ghosts and other scary figures in the street. Children say "trick or treat".
6. The keeper of the ravens look after them and cut them wings to hold the power of the Crown. These ravens are in the Tower of London.
7. Englishmen usually throw their things from the house. They are furniture, clothes or something else.
8. This day is the day following Christmas Day. Children usually get presents from their parents, relatives and friends.
9. There is a big parade with brass bands and hundreds of soldiers on horses on the 2nd Saturday in June. The Guards march in front of the Queen and carry the flag, which is called "Colour".
IX. Работа в группах: (5 мин)
T: You know, children, your classmate sent the crossword of the holidays. She wants you to fill it in. She is interested if you know the traditions and holidays of Great Britain. Let's fill it in and send her it. Now you should divide into 3 groups and do the crossword. What group will be the quickest? Start, please. (Слайд 17, 18, 19)
English people celebrate this holiday on 25th of December.
Russian people bake pancakes (holiday).
This holiday is celebrated on the 17th of March in Great Britain.
The first festival in a year.
England is a country of …s.
English people celebrate this holiday on the 5th of November.
Celebrating this holiday children knock at people’s doors and say “Trick or treat”.
This holiday is celebrated on the last Thursday in November in America.
People dye eggs and go to church in Russia (holiday).
So many countries, so many …s.
“Праздновать” in English.
Each person has his or her own date of this holiday.
T: Well done. You've all managed with this task. Let's send the answers to your classmate. (Учитель передают ответы учеников почтальону).
X. Контроль усвоения полученной на уроке информации: (3 мин)
T: I see you have know many interesting things. Let's see if you have understood everything about different customs and traditions. (Ученики отвечают на вопросы викторины) (Слайды 20 - 29).
1. Whose present is a Christmas tree in Trafalgar square?
2. What does the "Halloween" mean?
The holiday to honour all the saints;
The festival of angles and devils;
Parades with bonfires.
3. Why do people dress up as witches?
to scary people;
to help poor;
to eat must tasty things;
to have fun.
4. When is Christmas celebrated in Britain?
5. Who was Guy Fawkes?
6. When is Easter celebrated in Britain?
7. What do British give each other on Easter Sunday?
easter chocolate eggs.
8. Where does Santa put his presents?
Under the Christmas tree
9. Where do English children usually put the Christmas stockings?
under the bed;
under the pillow;
near the bed;
on the fireplace.
10. When did Guy Fawkes want to blow up the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I and his ministers?
XI. Объяснение домашнего задания: (1 мин)
T: Unfortunately our lesson is coming to the end. And we don't want to finish it at all. Your homework will be to find information about holidays and traditions in Dagestan and in Russia. (Слайд 30)
XII. Подведение итога. Аргументированное выставление оценок. Рефлексия: (5 мин)
T: At our today lesson you've known more about holidays in Great Britain and their traditions, managed with all tasks of different aspects (listening comprehension, reading, writing, lexical and grammatical tasks, speaking), worked in groups well and had a good time. Your marks are excellent.
Рефлексия: (Учитель беседует с детьми, спрашивая, что интересного они узнали на уроке и что им понравилось больше всего, а ученики охотно отвечают).
T: 1. But I'd like to know if you liked our lesson. ________________________
2. What did you like most of all? _____________________________________
3. Are you interested in the theme of the lesson? And why? ________________
4. Did you help the presentation of the holidays or cards with the tasks to know more about traditions in Britain?______________________________________
5. What holiday would you like to celebrate? ____________________________
T: You know that Christmas and New Year are coming and I'd like to congratulate you with these holidays and to wish you be happy in New Year and your parents to proud of you.
P: I'd like to congratulate you too and to wish you health and happiness and give you the cards. (Слайд 31)
T: It's a good idea of you. Then let's sing the song "We wish you a merry Christmas" and finish our lesson. (Слайд 32, 33)
(Дети поют песню и зажигают бенгальские огни).
Краткое описание документа:
Данный урок может вызвать интерес у учащихся к изучению иностранного языка, позволит расширить, углубить и даже повысить свои знания в области культуры страны изучаемого языка.
В урок включены все виды речевой деятельности (лексика, грамматика, говорение, аудирование, чтение и письмо), задания на работу в группах и на развития мышления, внимания и памяти.
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