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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Урок по английскому языку на тему " Страдательный залог" ( 8-9 класс)

Урок по английскому языку на тему " Страдательный залог" ( 8-9 класс)



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  • Иностранные языки

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hello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_m4cb43d5a.gifhello_html_6e694bf0.gifhello_html_71800b58.gifhello_html_37d5c798.gifhello_html_m2e440b56.gifhello_html_4cf4a716.gifhello_html_18288719.gifhello_html_6b0d0288.gifhello_html_1daa63b6.gifhello_html_19fb77e0.gifhello_html_44898753.gifhello_html_14c42c0.gifhello_html_a0853c9.gifhello_html_m36a18c5a.gifhello_html_m34eee0d4.gifhello_html_77f73bd3.gifhello_html_694d12ea.gifВремена и залог английского глагола. 8 класс

Цель урока: повторить и закрепить употребление английских глаголов в разных временах действительного и страдательного залога.


Задачи урока:

Обучающие:

  1. закрепить формы неправильных глаголов.

  2. повторить особенности употребления пассивного залога

  3. пользоваться знаниями, полученными из других предметов (география, история, литература)

Воспитательные:

  1. развивать интерес к изучению грамматики в английском языке;

  2. вовлекать учащихся в активную практическую деятельность

Развивающие:

  1. развивать навыки употребления пассивного залога и времен.

  2. развивать умения работать с таблицами , формулами и схемами;


Оборудование: презентация по теме « Действительный и страдательный залог» ,карточки с заданиями.

Ход урока.

  1. Приветствие. Good afternoon, children!

  2. Организационный момент.

- How are you? We have an unusual lesson today. I am your teacher for this lesson. My name is Oksana Anatoljevna. Don`t be afraid. Calm down. Be active.

- What do you usually do on Sundays? ( ответы учащихся)

- What did you do yesterday evening? ( ответы учащихся)

- What will you do tomorrow? ( ответы учащихся)

- What do you think? What are we going to speak about today? ( ответы учащихся)

- You are right…….. Today we will play and do different tasks.

3.Фонетическая разминка.

Teacher: Lets start. Look at the screen. To do our tasks we must remember the irregular verbs.

Buy bought bought

Build built built

Bring brought brought

Come came come

Catch caught caught

Do did done

Find found found

Give gave given

Go went gone

Leave left Left

Make made made

Show showed shown

send sent sent

Sell sold sold

Speak spoke spoken

Steal stole stolen

Teach taught taught

Tell told told

Write wrote written


Teacher: Your first task . you should take a card and name the tense. (ученики выходят к доске , вытягивают карточку с формулой времени и называют время)

The cards. : V1/ Vs, V2/Ved, will V1, will be Ving, had V 3

am was have

Is Ving Ving V3

Are were has



Teacher: good of you! The next task is to find the verb in the sentences and name the tense. ( находят глагол и называют время)

Kate sent the letter yesterday.

The chef has made dinner.

Mrs Gates will look after the baby.

Someone left the door open.

Somebody is using the computer.

Nick`s brother was teaching him to drive.

Many people speak English.

The doctor has already told him to go on a diet.

They were waiting for Mary.

The classmates often laugh at my little brother.

Everybody has just listened to this poem.


Teacher: Well done. Now look at these sentences. Do they differ?

I wrote the letter to my friend two days ago.

The letter was written by me two days ago.

Pupils: ответы учащихся.

Teacher: you are right. The first sentence- the verb is in the Active voice. In the second- in the Passive Voice. When do we use the Passive voice?

We use it if we don’t know or we are not interested in the person who performs an action.

( Залог- это форма глагола, которая показывает: сам предмет или лицо производит действие( действит. залог) или действие производится над предметом или лицом( страдат. залог)

Запись на доске: Look at the blackboard and read it.

They are written, it was broken,

He is given, it’ll be left.

They were eaten, it was spoken,

It’s being driven, he’ll be lent.

Teacher: You see the Passive constructions in every line there. What is the formula of the Passive voice?

Универсальная формула образования пассивного залога:

TO BE (в форме нужного нам времени) + V3 (всегда)

Present Simple  am/is/are +V3

Past Simple  was / were + V3

Future Simple  will be + V3

Present Perfect  have been / has been + V3

Past Perfect  had been + V3

Present Continuous  am being / is being / are being + V3

Past Continuous  was being / were being + V3


Teacher: now you should match the active and passive voices. ( the forms of the verbs. )

( учащимся раздаются карточки с действ. залогом и страдат. надо их соотнести)

V1/ Vs

am

is V3

are  


V2/Ved

was

V3

were 


will V1

will be + V3


have

V3

has

have

been V3

has


had V 3

had been V3


am

Is Ving

are

am being

is being  V3

are being 


was

Ving

were

was being

V3

were being  




Teacher:

It’s time to have a rest.

Let’s do exercises.

Hands on the head,

Hands on the hips,

Hands on the table,

Hands like this.

Hands on shoulders,

Hands up and down,

Hands behind the head

And sit down!


Teacher: Now you must tell what form of the passive voice is used in the sentence.

  1. Your tax is being sent at the moment.

  2. The book will be printed in May. -

  3. The robber had been caught before the police arrived.

  4. These questions are included in the text. -

  5. The guests were entertained by Alison. -

  6. Tver is located not far from Moscow. -


  1. Passengers will be offered dinner during the flight. -

  2. Natalie was promised a trip to Europe.

  3. The work has just been finished.

  4. When he came into the room his letter was being read.


Teacher: Now let`s change the sentences into the Passive Voice.

1) They usually repair cars very quickly.

2) Somebody has stolen my keys.

3) She composed her first opera five years ago.

4) They closed the supermarket at 7 p.m. yesterday.

5) They will visit Shakespeare’s birthplace next month.

1. Ann cleans her room every week. - Is cleaned
2. People build new houses in big cities.-
are built
3. We bought oranges and peas in the shop. –
were bought
4. They sold stamps in the post office. -
Were sold
5. Children will play hide-and-seek in the park.-
will be played
6. Pupils didn’t visit the boy last week.-
was not visited
7. We don’t translate poems at home. -
are not translated .

( answers) a) Cars are usually repaired very quickly.

b) My keys have been stolen.

c) Her first opera was composed five years ago.

d) The supermarket was closed at 7 p. m. yesterday.

e) Shakespeare’s birthplace will be visited next month.


Teacher: – Now it’s time to do the next task. You should put the words in the in the logical order  in the following sentences.

1/ Discovered, in, America, 1942, was.
2. In the morning, the newspaper, not, brought, is.
3. Monday, written, next, the letter, will be.

4/. Built, was, in 1991, this house
5. Yesterday, photo, taken, that, was.
6. will be, the letter, next week. answered



Teacher: Correct the mistakes.

  1. When was invented the radio?

  2. The book was wrote Pushkin

  3. A lot of people will invited to the party

  4. Where the key was found?

  5. All his pens were borrow.

  6. This car will not stolen




Teacher^ Особенности употребления пассивного залога в английском языке.

Рассмотрим предложение:

My friend told me an interesting story.

подлежащее сказуемое косвенное прямое

дополнение дополнение



Это предложение в aктивном залоге (Active Voice), в нем два дополнения

me, an interesting story. :

meкосвенное дополнение, так как отвечает на вопрос кому? (дательный падеж)

an interesting story прямое дополнение, так как отвечает на вопрос что? (винительный падеж)

Одной активной конструкции в английском языке могут соответствовать две пассивные конструкции, то есть прямое и косвенное дополнение активного залога могут стать подлежащими пассивного залога со следующими глаголами:

to give - давать to pay - платить to leave - уезжать

to send - посылать to promise - обещать to show - показать

to tell - рассказать to offer - предлагать

Active Voice

Passive Voice

My friend told me an interesting story

Мой друг рассказал мне интересную историю .

The interesting story was told to me.

Интересная история была рассказана мне.

I was told an interesting story.

Мне рассказали интересную историю.

Если в английском языке подлежащее пассивного залога выражено личным

местоимением, то оно (местоимение) стоит в именительном падеже.



Teacher: Образуйте две пассивные конструкции из одной активной.

1. Sasha sent a letter to Alison - _________________________

2. Mike told us an interesting story.- _________________________

3. The Garretts showed Sasha their house.- ________________________

4. Father promised Natalie a new car. - _________________________

5. The librarian offered us a very good book.

6. Mother gives me lunch every day.

Teacher: Choose the correct translation.

1) She was sent a fax.

а) Она послала факс.

б) Ей пошлют факс.

в) Ей послали факс.


2) They were told an interesting story.

а) Они рассказали интересную историю.

б) Им рассказали интересную историю.

в) О них была рассказана история.


3) We were shown a film.

а) Фильм будет показан нам.

б) Мы показали фильм.

в) Нам показали фильм.


4) Sasha was offered help.

а) Саша предложил помощь.

б) Саше предложили помощь.

в) Помощь будет предложена Саше.


5) I was promised a trip to England.

а) Мне обещали поездку в Англию.

б) Я обещал поездку в Англию.

в) Они обещали поездку в Англию


6) He will be asked a lot of questions.

а) Он задаст много вопросов.

б) Ему задали много вопросов.

в) Ему зададут много вопросов















Для повторения времен ( распечатать и разрезать)


V1/ Vs


V2/Ved


will V1



am

is Ving

are



had V3

will be Ving


have

V3

has



was

Ving

Were


























am

is V3

are 


will be + V3


 was

V3

were 




have

been V3

has

had been V3



am

is being V3

are 



was

beingV3

were  








Раздаточный материал


1) They usually repair cars very quickly.

2) Somebody has stolen my keys.

3) She composed her first opera five years ago.

4) They closed the supermarket at 7 p.m. yesterday.

5) They will visit Shakespeare’s birthplace next month.

6. Ann cleans her room every week.
7. People build new houses in big cities
8. We bought oranges and peas in the shop.
9. They sold stamps in the post office.
10. Children will play hide-and-seek in the park
11. Pupils didn’t visit the boy last week
12. We don’t translate poems at home.







1) They usually repair cars very quickly.

2) Somebody has stolen my keys.

3) She composed her first opera five years ago.

4) They closed the supermarket at 7 p.m. yesterday.

5) They will visit Shakespeare’s birthplace next month.

6. Ann cleans her room every week.
7. People build new houses in big cities
8. We bought oranges and peas in the shop.
9. They sold stamps in the post office.
10. Children will play hide-and-seek in the park
11. Pupils didn’t visit the boy last week
12. We don’t translate poems at home.





  1. Your tax is being sent at the moment.

  2. The book will be printed in May. -

  3. The robber had been caught before the police arrived.

  4. These questions are included in the text. -

  5. The guests were entertained by Alison. -

  6. Tver is located not far from Moscow. -

  7. Passengers will be offered dinner during the flight. -

  8. Natalie was promised a trip to Europe.

  9. The work has just been finished.

  10. When he came into the room his letter was being read.



  1. Your tax is being sent at the moment.

  2. The book will be printed in May. -

  3. The robber had been caught before the police arrived.

  4. These questions are included in the text. -

  5. The guests were entertained by Alison. -

  6. Tver is located not far from Moscow. -

  7. Passengers will be offered dinner during the flight. -

  8. Natalie was promised a trip to Europe.

  9. The work has just been finished.

  10. When he came into the room his letter was being read.





\



















  1. This room hasn’t been used for ages.

  2. The keys will be given you tomorrow.

  3. Dr Johnson is being interviewed at the moment.

  4. By the time I arrived, all your letters had been already opened.

  5. The problems of the family are usually talked briefly at dinner time.

  6. Is the car being washed by Sue now?

  7. Who was this mess made by?

  8. The new sport centre will be opened soon.

  9. Some holiday pictures were shown to me by Liz two days ago.

  10. The essays will be marked by the teacher tomorrow.

  11. The grass hasn't been cut by Clive yet.



  1. This room ………. ( not/use) for ages.

  2. The keys ………….. ( give) you tomorrow.

  3. Dr Johnson ………..( interview) at the moment.

  4. By the time I arrived, all your letters………. ( already/ open) .

  5. The problems of the family ……… ( usually /talk) briefly at dinner time.

  6. .. the car ………. ( wash) by Sue now?

  7. Who ……..this mess ……… ( make) by?

  8. The new sports centre ……….. ( open) soon.

  9. Some holiday pictures ……… ( show) to me by Liz two days ago.

  10. The essays ………. ( mark) by the teacher tomorrow.

  11. The grass ……. ( not/ cut) by Clive yet.



  1. This room ………. ( not/use) for ages.

  2. The keys ………….. ( give) you tomorrow.

  3. Dr Johnson ………..( interview) at the moment.

  4. By the time I arrived, all your letters………. ( already/ open) .

  5. The problems of the family ……… ( usually /talk) briefly at dinner time.

  6. .. the car ………. ( wash) by Sue now?

  7. Who ……..this mess ……… ( make) by?

  8. The new sports centre ……….. ( open) soon.

  9. Some holiday pictures ……… ( show) to me by Liz two days ago.

  10. The essays ………. ( mark) by the teacher tomorrow.

  11. The grass ……. ( not/ cut) by Clive yet.









  • Kate sent the letter yesterday.

  • The chef has made dinner.

  • Mrs Gates will look after the baby.

  • Someone left the door open.

  • Somebody is using the computer.

  • Nick`s brother was teaching him to drive.

  • Many people speak English.

  • The doctor has already told him to go on a diet.

  • They were waiting for Mary.

  • The classmates often laugh at my little brother.

  • Everybody has just listened to this poem.



  • Kate sent the letter yesterday.

  • The chef has made dinner.

  • Mrs Gates will look after the baby.

  • Someone left the door open.

  • Somebody is using the computer.

  • Nick`s brother was teaching him to drive.

  • Many people speak English.

  • The doctor has already told him to go on a diet.

  • They were waiting for Mary.

  • The classmates often laugh at my little brother.

  • Everybody has just listened to this poem.



  • Kate sent the letter yesterday.

  • The chef has made dinner.

  • Mrs Gates will look after the baby.

  • Someone left the door open.

  • Somebody is using the computer.

  • Nick`s brother was teaching him to drive.

  • Many people speak English.

  • The doctor has already told him to go on a diet.

  • They were waiting for Mary.

  • The classmates often laugh at my little brother.

  • Everybody has just listened to this poem.




57 вебинаров для учителей на разные темы
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Автор
Дата добавления 17.12.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
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Номер материала ДВ-267770
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