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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Урок по английскому языку "Parliament in Great Britain"

Урок по английскому языку "Parliament in Great Britain"


  • Иностранные языки

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Сабақтың тақырыбы


Parliament in Great Britain.

Мақсаты



Оқушыларға Ұлыбританиядағы Парламент мәтіні негізінде Present Simple шағының ырықсыз етісін меңгеру.

Күтілетін нәтижелер



А: Ұлыбританиядағы Парламент жүйесін біледі.

В:Парламент жүйесін мәтін негізінде топтастырады.

С: Present Simple шағының ырықсыз етісін сөйлемдерде қолдана алады.

Табыс критерийі

А: Ұлыбританиядағы Парламент жүйесін білу.

В:Парламент жүйесін мәтін негізінде топтастыру.

С: Present Simple шағының ырықсыз етісін сөйлемдерде қолдану.

Тапсырмалар

Сын тұрғыдан ойлауды бағалау, ынтымақтастық атмосферасын қалыптастыру, түсіну дәрежесін бағалау, өзін –өзі реттеу, бірлескен оқу: талантты және дарынды оқушылар.

Керекті жабдықтар


Ноутбук, проектор, презентация, мәтін, сөздік, түрлі- түсті қағаздан жасалынған бағдаршам (қызыл, сары, жасыл)

Сабақ барысы:

Сабақ кезеңдері

Уақыты


Мұғалім әрекеті

 Оқушы әрекеті

Кіріспе




8 мин






Сыныпты топқа бөлу: "Түрлі -түсті кəмпит" əдісі арқылы топқа кәмпит түрлерін таңдап, кәмпит артында сандар белгіленіп тұрады, сол арқылы топқа бөлінеді.

І топ ІІ топ ІІІ топ

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«Стикердегі диалог» тәсілі арқылы үй тапсырмасы тексеріледі. «Бағдаршам» әдісі арқылы оқушылар өзін – өзі бағалайды.

Жасыл түс – жауап бердім.

Сары түс – сыныптастарымнан көмек алдым.

Қызыл түс – жауап бере алған жоқпын.


Оқушылар топтарға түрлі- түсті кәмпиттерді таңдау арқылы бөлінеді.







Тәсіл арқылы оқушылар жауап береді.

«Бағдаршам» әдісі арқылы оқушылар өзін –өзі бағалайды.


Тұсаукесер





3 мин








«Топтастыру» әдісі арқылы Парламент жүйесі тақырыбына ассоциация жасайды.

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Табыс критерийін ұсыну

 Оқушылар тақырыпқа сәйкес диаграмма толтырады. Өздері нің не білетіні туралы жазады, топтастырады.


Негізгі бөлім





18 мин










Негізгі бөлім:

Тақырып слайд арқылы түсіндіріледі. Зерттеушілік әңгіме арқылы тақырыпқа сәйкес мәтінді оқып, "Галерея" әдісі бойынша топтық жұмысты қорғау.

«Екі жұлдыз, бір ұсыныс» әдісі арқылы бағаланады.



Оқушылар мәтінмен оқиды, топта талдайды, постерді «Галерея» әдісі арқылы топтық жұмысты қорғайды.

«Екі жұлдыз, бір ұсыныс» әдісі арқылы өзара бағалайды.




Қорытынды





8 мин




8 мин

Жеке жұмыс: дарынды оқушыларға грамматикалық тақырып бойынша деңгейлік тапсырма

АББҚ бар оқушыға бағдар картасы.


«Серпілген сауал» әдісі арқылы тақырып бойынша бекіту сұрақтары беріледі.

  1. What can you say about  the System of Government in Great Britain?

  2. What is Parliament made up of?

3. Are the members of the House of Lords elected?
4. What do Britons think about this system?

5. Who appoints a representative to compete for each seat?
6. Who can win the seat?
7. Who is the Head of State?

Кері байланыс: 3:2:1

Табыс критерийі арқылы өзін –өзі бағалау.


Present Simple Passive еске түсіру мақсатында оқушылар карточка арқылы деңгейлік тапсырма орындайды. АББҚ бар оқушыға бағдар картасын орындайды.

Табыс критерийі арқылы өзін –өзі бағалайды.



Әдіс арқылы бекіту сұрақтарына жауап береді.












Оқушылар пікірі тыңдалынады.




























Қосымша 1 «Стикердегі диалог»


Question: Where is New Zealand situated?


Answer: three (North Island, South Island and Stewart Island)

Question: What city is the capital of New Zealand?


Answer: their own language» Maori

Question: What languages do people in New Zealand speak?


Answer: a brown-skinned people called Maoris

Question: What is the official language in New Zealand?


Answer: Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin


Question: Who is New Zealand's head of state?



Answer: the Tasman Sea and the Pacific Ocean


Question: Who runs the national government?



Answer: warm

Question: Who were the first people to live in New Zealand?


Answer: Wellington

Question: What are the main industries of the country?




Answer: over 3 million people

Question: What is the population of New Zealand?



Answer: agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries 

Question: The climate of the country is….




Answer: the Queen of England

Question: New Zealand isan island country washed by …



Answer: The legislation, Prime minister, Cabinet run the national government.

Question: The country consists of … large islands and a lot of small islands.



Answer: English 

Question: What are the big cities?


Answer: south –east of Australia






1.What is the population of New Zealand?

over 3 million people

2/Where is New Zealand situated?

south –east of Australia

3.Who is New Zealand's head of state?

the Queen of England
4.Who runs the national government?


5.What city is the capital of New Zealand?

Wellington
6.What languages do people in New Zealand speak?

their own language» Maori
7.Who were the first people to live in New Zealand?

a brown-skinned people called Maoris
8.What is the official language in New Zealand?

English 
9.What are the main industries of the country?

agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries 

10.The climate of the country is….

warm

11.New Zealand isan island country washed by –

the Tasman Sea and the Pacific Ocean

12.The country consists of … large islands and a lot of small islands.

(three North Island, South Island and Stewart Island )

13.What are the big cities?

Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin





Қосымша 2 Мәтін


Political System of Great Britain

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. It means that the sovereign reigns but does not rule.

Britain does not have a written constitution, but a set of laws.

Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. Technically Parliament is made up of three parts: the Monarch, the House of Lords; and the House of Commons. In reality the House of Commons is the only one of the three which has true power.

The monarch serves formally as head of state. But the monarch is expected to be politically neutral and should not make political decisions.

The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II. She was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1953.

The House of Commons consists of Members of Parliament. There are 650 of them in the House of Commons. They are elected by secret ballot. General elections are held every five years. The country is divided into 650 constituencies. All citizens, aged 18 and registered in a constituency, have the right to vote. But voting is not compulsory in Britain. Only persons convicted of corrupt and certain mentally ill patients don't take part in voting.

There are few political parties in Britain thanks to the British electoral system. The main ones are: the Conservative Party, the Labour Party and the Liberal / Social Democratic Alliance.

Each political party puts up one candidate for each constituency. The one who wins the most votes is elected MP for that area.

The party which wins the most seats in Parliament forms the Government. Its leader becomes the Prime Minister. His first job is to choose his Cabinet. The Prime Minister usually takes policy decisions with the agreement of the Cabinet.

The House of Commons Members of the House of Commons (MPs) are elected every five years. They represent all the people of the country. People vote for an MP. And the party which has the most MPs wins the election and forms the government . Their leader becomes the Prime Minister .

The House of Lords The House of Lords consists of hereditary peers and life peers. Hereditary peers inherit their title from their relatives. Life peers get the title for their personal achievements. In the House of Lords Ladies and Lords talk about bills before they become laws and sometimes suggest changes to the House of Commons.





The Houses of Parliament


Welcome to the Palace of Westminster. It consists of three parts: the Royal Apartments where the colour is gold, the House of Lords where the seats are red and the House of Commons where the seats are green. 
We are now in the Chamber of the House of Lords. Please be quiet and don't sit on these red benches. 
The Chamber of the House of Lords is also called the Parliament Chamber, because every year when the Queen comes to open Parliament, all three parts of Parliament come together here for the Queen's Speech. In fact, it's not really the Queen's Speech, because she doesn't write it. The Government writes it for her. In the speech the Queen tells Parliament about the Government's plans for the next year. When she gives her speech, she sits on the throne over there. Can you all see it? Yes, it's that big chair behind the big red cushion. 
Oh, and that cushion is, actually, the famous Woolsack. And yes, there is wool inside it. It's a part of a very old tradition which started in the 14th century. It was put in Parliament to symbolise the importance of wool to the British economy at that time. 
The person who usually sits on the Woolsack is the Lord Chancellor. He presides over the House of Lords. 
Now we are going through into the House of Commons, where MPs make decisions on new laws. Let's walk through this beautiful arch. There are two statues, one on each side of the arch. Both of these two men were Prime Ministers. One is David Lloyd George, and the other - Sir Winston Churchill. They represent the two main British political parties - the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. We have a tradition: if you're a Conservative, touch Churchill's shoe, and if you're Labour, touch Lloyd George's shoe. Have you touched a shoe? Now let's turn right. 
Do you see two long narrow corridors on your left and on your right? These are very important for the whole country because MPs come here to vote on bills for new laws. On the left there is the "aye", or yes, lobby. MPs who agree with a bill go there. On the right there is the "no" lobby for MPs who want to vote against the bill. Then the officials count the "ayes" and the "noes" to get the results. So in the British Parliament MPs don't vote by pushing a button; they vote with their feet. 
Let's go through the "no" lobby and into the House of Commons, where you'll see that the benches are green. The chamber here isn't very big. In fact, there are only places for 437 people on the benches, but there are 650 MPs, so sometimes they have to sit on the steps when the House is full. Now we're standing behind the Speaker's chair. The Speaker is the person who presides over the House of Commons. 
Now look at the floor. Can you see two red lines in front of the benches on each side of the chamber? That's part of a tradition too. The distance between these two lines is two swords' lengths. In the old days when MPs used to carry swords, it was dangerous if they got angry with each other. So these two lines are here to remind MPs that they shouldn't start a fight, and they can't go over this line when they are speaking in a debate. 
Today there's nobody here, so you won't see the Mace, which is put on this table when the House of Commons is sitting. The Mace is the symbol of the power which Parliament won from the King a long time ago, and MPs have a lot of respect for it. It even has its own guard, who has a very big sword. 
Now let's leave the House of Commons and go to Westminster Hall. This is the oldest part of the Palace of Westminster, and it's more than a thousand years old. The son of William the Conqueror... Do you remember the Norman leader who won the Battle of Hastings? Well, it was his son who started the building of the hall. This building has seen a lot of famous events. In 1605 Guy Fawkes tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament, and in World War II bombs fell on it.





1. How many parts does the Palace of Westminster consist of? 

a) one

b) two

c) three


2. What are the main colours of the Houses of Parliament?

a) gold, red and blue

b) gold, green and red

c) red and green


3. Who writes the Queen's Speech?

a) the Queen

b) the Government

c) the Lord Chancellor


4. Which are Britain's two main political parties?

a) Democratic, Republican and Conservative

b) Conservative and Democratic

c) Labour and Conservative


5. Whose shoe should a Conservative touch?

a) David Lloyd George's

b) Winston Churchill's

c) The Queen's


6. Why do MPs sometimes sit on the steps? 

a) There are more MPs than seats in the House of Commons,

b) It's a part of an old tradition,

c) It's a punishment for those who are late.


7. When can you see the Mace in the House of Commons? 

a) It's always there,

b) Only when the Queen comes,

c) When the House is debating

 

a) more than a thousand years old

b) more than a hundred years old

c) more than four hundred years old




Political System of Great Britain

Great Britain is a parliamentary monarchy. There are two heads in the country. One is the Queen, and the other is the Parliament. Almost all the power belongs to the Parliament, as the Queen is only a formal ruler of the country. In other words, Queen Elizabeth II is the head of the state but the Parliament has the supreme authority. The Queen has also a number of ministers, who bear the responsibility for her royal acts. An interesting fact is that Great Britain doesn’t have any written constitution, but has only a set of laws made by the Parliament. Official residence of the Queen is Buckingham Palace, in London. However, she has also some other residences in Britain. The Parliament has two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of commons. The most important and powerful one is the House of Commons, which contains of 650 members. There are also a number of important political parties in Britain, such as the Conservative Party, the Labour Party, the Liberal Party, the Social Democratic Party and others. Each political party has its leader, who takes part in elections. The one who wins becomes an MP (Member of Parliament). The party that holds the majority of seats in the Parliament usually forms the Government, with the Prime Minister at the head. The Prime Minister’s first duty is to assemble a Cabinet. The main responsibilities of the House of Commons are legislation and review of governmental matters. The House of Lords consists of nearly 1200 peers. The head of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. This House has no real power but has the responsibility to be an advisory council. The interesting fact about the House of Lords is that it’s a hereditary chamber.

The functions of the House of Commons are legislation and scrutiny of government activities. The House of Commons is presided over by the Speaker. The Speaker is appointed by the Government.

The House of Lords comprises about 1,200 peers. It is presided by the Lord Chancellor. The House of Lords has no real power. It acts rather as an advisory council.
It's in the House of Commons that new bills are introduced and debated. If the majority of the members are in favour of a bill, it goes to the House of Lords to be debated. The House of Lords has the right to reject a new bill twice.








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Дата добавления 07.10.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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Номер материала ДВ-038059
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