Открытый урок по английскому языку «Welcome to Great Britain», 8 класс( Кузовлев).
Teacher: Good afternoon, I am glad to see you. Let’s begin our lesson. We have a very unusual lesson today. We will travel to Great Britain, the country with unique culture and history, the country with the first Parliament, basis of democracy in Europe, the land of brave people like admiral Nelson and queen Elizabeth if we want to the UK we must know English well and work hard at school. What proverbs connected with school life do you know?
P 1: Business before pleasure.
P 2: Think twice before you speak once.
P 3: There is a place for everything and everything has a place.
P 4:Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
Организация тренировки и применения раннее введённого лексико-грамматического , страноведческого материала.
Teacher: Yes, you are right. Learning English is very important nowadays. Do you agree with me?
P 5: Yes, I do. I learn English because it is the language of new technologies and computers. Certain modern professions require a good knowledge of English.
P 6: I learn English, because I understand that I can use it. For example, If I go to England I will be able to speak English there. If I go to the USA I will speak English too. English is used not only in England but also in other parts of the world.
P 7: I learn English because I want to read foreign literature in the original. I know and like such English and American writers as Charles Dickens, Mark Twain, Lewis Carroll and others. I understand that I must learn English. If I know English well I will be able to go to the library and take books by English and American writers in the original.
P 8: I like to travel. But it is difficult to visit countries, when you don’t know the language of these countries, where I am going to it will be easy to travel there. If I want to ask something I can do it in English.
P 9: I like to read books. And I like to read newspapers too. If I know, for example, English I will be able to read English newspapers and magazines. Knowledge of foreign languages helps young people of different countries to understand each other, to develop friendship among them.
P 10: There are a lot of films in foreign languages. If you know them, you can understand films without any help.
Teacher: Thank you, if we learn English we should know all about the country. We know that Great Britain consists of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. By the way, do you know what their capitals are?
P 1: Their capitals are: London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast.
Teacher: But today we are going to talk only about the geographical position of Great Britain, its climate, main industries, political system and Scotland with its beautiful landscape. Vadim and Kristina prepared a very nice presentation about the UK. Let’s start with you Vadim, all the rest listen to her very attentively and be ready to answer the questions given to you.
(Вопросы по презентации розданы учащимся перед просмотром прослушиванием информации выступающих)
Слайд№1(The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244 000 square kilometers.)
Слайд№2(The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respectively. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and doesn’t include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech “Great Britain” is used to mean the United Kingdom. The capital of the UK is London.)
Слайд№3 (The British Isles are separated from the continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Shakespeare called Britain a “precious stone set in the silver sea” because its natural beauty.)
Слайд№4(It has a varied countryside where you can find mountains, plains, valleys and sandy beaches. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain but it is only 1343 meters high.)
Teacher: Thank you Vadim. Answer my questions please.
1) What does the UK consist of?
2) What are their capitals?
3) What is Great Britain washed by?
4) How did Shakespeare call Great Britain?
Учащиеся дают свои ответы.
Teacher: Now I want you to listen to the information prepared by Kristina. Be ready to answer the questions after listening.
Слайд№5(There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and most important one.)
Слайд№6(The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round. The UK is one of the world’s smaller countries. Its population is over 58 million. About 80% of the population live in cities.)
Слайд№7(The UK is highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.)
Слайд№8 (The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.)
Teacher: Thank you for information Kristina. Answer my questions:
1) What makes the climate of the UK mild?
2) What do you know about the population of the UK?
3) What are the main rivers of Great Britain?
4) What industry is highly developed?
5) What is the role of the queen?
Учащиеся дают свои ответы.
Teacher: Good of you. We can’t imagine Great Britain without London. That’s why I invited Mr. Brown, a black taxi driver. He knows everything about London and will help us to make an exciting excursion around London.
P 1: Hello, I am Mr. Brown. I will help you to visit all places of interest of London. Let’s start our excursion.
Teacher: Be ready to answer the questions after watching the film:
1) What river is London situated on?
2) When was London founded?
3) How many bridges are there in London?
4) What places of interest are the most popular ones?
Учащиеся смотрят фильм о достопримечательностях Лондона. Длительность фильма 1 мин. 48 сек. После просмотра учащиеся дают ответы на вопросы.
Teacher: Well done. Your homework was to read the text about London. Let’s check it. I prepared a presentation about places of interest of London. Answer my questions watching the presentation.
Учащиеся дают ответы на вопросы учителя при просмотре каждого слайда.
Слайд№1. Is London a big port?
Слайд№2. What kinds of transport are popular in London?
Слайд№3. How many parts are there in London?
Слайд№4. What part is called “the money of the country”?
Слайд№5. What is the home of the queen?
Слайд№6. What ceremony is very attractive?
Слайд№7. What do you know about the Tower of London?
Слайд№8. What place is the burial place of famous kings, queens and outstanding people?
Слайд№9. What place is connected with the British Parliament?
Слайд№10. What is the symbol of London?
Слайд№11. How long did it take to build St. Paul’s Cathedral?
Слайд№12. What museums and galleries are very popular?
Слайд№13. What parks are the most beautiful ones?
Слайд№14. What square do we see on the photo? (Trafalgar Square).
Teacher: Thank you, all this is worth visiting but I advise you to go to Scotland, the land of legends and beautiful lakes. Our girls prepared a very nice presentation about Scotland. Listen, watch and then be ready to answer the questions (Вопросы по теме«Scotland» розданы учащимся перед просмотром презентации и прослушиванием информации). Let’s start with you Vadim.
Слайд№1. (If we travel all over Scotland, we can see that geographically it consists of three main parts: Lowlands, Uplands and Highlands with their Grampian Mountains, where the tallest mountain peak, Ben Nevis (1343 meters), is located. It is a vast territory of about 79 00 square kilometers, but the population of Scotland is only five million people. If we compare it with Moscow, it is just half of the population of our capital.)
Слайд№2(You are sure to enjoy the beauty of the Scottish varied landscape: the hills, covered with purple heather (if you manage to find the white one, then you are lucky), its beautiful lakes (here they are called lochs), its green and narrow valleys (or glens)… Other countries might have higher peaks, deeper lakes and broader valleys, but the unique Scottish combination of mountain, loch and glen continues to capture the hearts of all who come here.)
Слайд№3(The biggest and the most beautiful lake in Scotland is Loch Lomond, but the most famous one is Loch Ness with its mysterious monster Nessie. Nessie sometimes appears to scare the tourists but only in fine weather, which is a great rarity for Scotland.)
Слайд№4(But what can be more peculiar and attractive for tourists than a man in the kilt, playing the bagpipes? The Celts of Scotland made the chequered pattern of tartan the national dress of the country.)
Слайд№5(The earliest Scots formed themselves into clans (family groups) and the tartan became a symbol of the sense of kinship. Sometimes there were fierce battles between different clans but nowadays the Macdonalds and the MacKenzies (Mac means “son of”), the Campbells and the Camerons live in peace with each other. There are about 300 different clans in Scotland, and each has its own colour and pattern of tartan together into motto.)
Учащиеся дают ответы на вопросы:
1) What does Scotland consist of?
2) What is the capital of Scotland?
3) What is the symbol of Scotland? (a thistle)
4) What do you know about the landscape of Scotland? (There are hills …)
5) What does the word “Mac” mean?
Teacher: Good of you. Now pay attention to Irina’s presentation.
Irina: We will watch a presentation about famous people of Scotland.
Слайд№6(Scotland is a land of many famous people: writers and poets, scientists and philosophers. Just imagine: you are reading about far-away, rainy and foggy, mysterious and romantic Scotland and hear a telephone bell. You come up to the phone (by the way, invented by Alexander Graham Bell, born in Edinburgh) and answer it.).
Слайд№7(This is your friend who wants you to keep him company and go for a walk, but it is raining outside. No problem: you put on your raincoat invented by chemist Charles Macintosh from Glasgow and are ready to leave the house.)
Слайд№8(But your mother asks you to send a letter to your favourite auntie. So you put an adhesive stamp on it, invented by John Chalmers, bookseller and printer of Dundee.)
Слайд№9(Be careful not to get pneumonia in such weather or you will have to take injections of penicillin, discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming of Darvel, Scotland.)
Слайд№10,11,12,13(Well, in the evening, after a walk, you are eager to sit in a comfortable armchair with a cup of hot coffee and read an adventurous novel by Sir Walter Scott from Edinburgh or maybe Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson or The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, born in Edinburgh or maybe a book of poems by Robert Burns.)
Teacher: Thank you for the information. I want you to answer my questions.
Name famous people of Scotland, their inventions and role for the country.
Учащиеся дают свои ответы.
Teacher: So, we are in Scotland. Let’s sing an old Scottish song “My Bonnie lies over the ocean”. (Учащиеся исполняют хором песню).
Teacher: Do you like the song?
P 1: Yes, we do. We like the song because it is very romantic and it is about love.
Teacher: I like the song too. But we can’t understand English if we don’t know the idioms. Have a look at the screen. There are some idioms connected with weather and atmosphere. Let’s read them together. Learn them by heart at home and be ready for the dictation.
Учащиеся читают хором идиомы и их значения.
Weather and atmosphere.
Once in a blue moon – very seldom
I am on cloud 9 – I am very happy
to be in the dark – I know nothing about something
It’s raining cats and dogs – It’s raining very heavily
a storm in a tea cup – there is nothing important
to be snowed under – to have a lot of work to do
to be under the weather – to feel not very well, to be ill
Teacher: Now translate my sentences from Russian into English.
1) Я редко хожу в Гайд Парк.
2) Я счастлив. Я поеду в Шотландию.
3) Я в неведении. Я ничего не знаю о моей поездке в Англию.
4) В данный момент сильный дождь и англичане не могут выйти на прогулку.
5) Мой английский друг любит говорить: Это не важно, не волнуйся.
6) У меня много работы, я должен прочитать текст о Великобритании.
7) Англичане говорят: Извините, я не могу, я болен.
Teacher: So your homework is to learn the idioms, make up your own sentences with them, retell the text “London”. Today we have revised a lot of information about the UK. What do you associate Great Britain with? What is Great Britain for you? For me, Great Britain is London wit its places of interest. WhataboutyouMarina?
Учащиеся по цепочке дают свои ответы:
For me Great Britain is …
I associate Great Britain with …
(Опора – ключевые слова по теме, расположенные на доске.)
Teacher: I associate the UK with English traditions. What English traditions do you know?
P 1: The English are fond of drinking tea. (Слайд)
P: They love their homes. They say: My home is my castle”, “Home sweet home”, “My home is where my home is”, “East or west home is best”, “There is no place like home”. (Слайд)
P 2: English humor is a tradition too. Another tradition is a small garden in front of the house. (Слайд)
Teacher: Well, monarchy is a tradition too. It is like a decoration now. By the way do you know what is happening in the UK now? What are all people talking about? They are talking about the royal family, Prince William and Kate Middleton and their wedding.
Слайд. Информация на слайде.
Full name William Arthur Philip Louis
House House of Windsor
Father Charles, Prince of Wales
Mother Diana, Princess of Wales
Born 21 June 1982 (age 28)
St Mary's Hospital, London
Full name Catherine Elizabeth Middleton
Father Michael Francis Middleton
Mother Carole Elizabeth Middleton, née Goldsmith
Born 9 January 1982 (age 28)
Reading, Berkshire, England
There is a lot of information about it in the internet. Please find out. We will talk about it at our next lesson. But our today’s lesson is over. Thank you for your work. All of you showed good knowledge and got excellent marks.