Лекция по теме: «Sport»
Учитель английского языка
Дубянская Валентина Александровна
Sport is probably as old as the humanity itself. It has been developing with the developing and growth of the mankind. All over the world people of different ages are very fond of sport and games. Sport not only helps people to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more organized and better disciplined in their daily activities. It makes for a healthy mind in a healthy body. Sports help people to keep in good health.
We all need to exercise. Even if you don’t plan to make a career in sport you still have to practice. Regular exercises give you more energy. That is why many people who suffer from general tiredness should take more exercise than more rest. Exercise makes you feel and look better. The best exercise is one which involves in repeated movements, those are: walking, jogging or swimming. Bending and stretching will add flexibility and feeling of lightness.
Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming, volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics, and figure skating. A person can choose sports and games for any season, for any taste.
Summer and winter sports
People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one of the things in which people of every nationality and class are united.
The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hutting, and hockey, in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow – skating, skiing and tobogganing. It’s so nice to go to the skating-rink on a frosty sunny day. Some people prefer to be out of town in such weather and to sledge or to ski in the woods. Many people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping.
Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interests; this game is played in all the countries of the world. The other games that have firmly established themselves in favour in different countries are cricket, volleyball, basketball, and so on. Badminton is also very popular both with young and old.
All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, gymnastics and track and field events. Scores of young girls and women go in for calisthenics. Over the last few years aerobics has become popular with young girls and women. Aerobics helps them to be slim, healthy and strong. The interest for it greatly increased thanks to Jane Fonda, a prominent American actress, the founder of this kind of sport. This woman may serve as an impressive example of inexhaustible health, cheerfulness and beauty. Being a great enthusiast of aerobics she has been trying to initiate many women all over the world into this sport.
Among indoor games which one can go in for all the year round are billiards, table tennis, draughts, chess, of course. The results of chess tournaments are studied and discussed by enthusiasts in different countries.
So we have all grounds to say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin.
Sport in Great Britain
Sport plays such a large part in British life that many idioms in the English language have come from the world of sport. For example, “that’s not cricket” means “that’s not fair” and “to play the game” means “to be fair”. The most popular sport in England is football. A lot of people supports their local clubs at matches on Saturday afternoons or watch the matches on television.
The football league in England and Wales has four divisions. Each division contains twenty teams. There are two main prizes each season. The football league championship is won by team that is top of the first division. The final of this competition takes place every May at the famous Wembley stadium in London. Some of the best-known clubs in England are Manchester United, Liverpool and Arsenal. But many clubs have problems with money at the moment. Some people say that the league is too big and that the players get paid too much. Others say that television is making the crowds stay at home.
Sport has for a long time been a very important part of a child’s education in Britain, not just – as you may think to develop physical abilities, but also to provide a certain kind of moral education. Team games encourage such social qualities as enthusiasm, cooperation, loyalty and unselfishness.
Sport in the USA
Americans play tennis, hockey and most other international sports but they do not play football in the same way as the rest of the world. The players can run with the ball, touch and push each other. Players wear special clothes for American football with helmets on their heads, because the game can be dangerous. Like international football teams, American teams have eleven players. The field looks different and even the ball is a different shape. American football is very different game.
Americans love winter sports and ice hockey is the most popular game. This game is very fast and can be dangerous.
Basketball is another popular game in America. Only five people are in each team.
Baseball is the most popular summer sport in America. The first American baseball match was in 1839 in New York. To play baseball you need two teams of nine players. Americans start playing baseball young. There are leagues which children of eight can join. The top players become big stars and earn a lot of money every year.
Sport in Australia
A lot of Australians think you shouldn’t worry too much about life. But some things in life are really important, and to many Australian men, one of these things is sport. It’s something they don’t joke about. Sport matters. In pubs, clubs and even at work you’ll often find men who can talk about only one thing – sport.
Australians are lucky. They have a perfect climate, and an endless amount of land. They have wonderful waves for surfers on their beaches. They also have a strong wish to win. Put these together and you get a lot of good sportsmen and sportswomen. In fact, Australia has a very high number of world champions, in all kinds of sports, for a country of only 16 million people.
Around the country you’ll find plenty of opportunities for golf, squash, tennis, trail riding (horse or motorcycle), fishing and so on. Surfing is almost a religion for many Australians who follow the waves around the country and there are a number of important surfing contests.
You’ll find football of assorted types including the unique Australian Rules football. Then, there’s motor racing and motorcycle racing, horse racing, yacht racing, cricket matches and lots more.
The best thing, of course, is to play sport yourself. But if you can’t, or you don’t want to, then you can watch other people doing it. Every year, more than 100,000 people go to the final of Australian Rules football. Crowds of more than 90,000 watch the big cricket matches against India, Pakistan, New Zealand and England.
There are sport happenings and holidays in Australia year round. Here are some of them.
In February there’s Regatta Day with boat races and other water activities.
In June in Darwin the Beer Can Regatta takes place when there are boat races for boats constructed entirely out of beer cans – there are plenty of those in the world’s beer drinking capital.
In August in the Northern Territory camel racing is on in Alice Springs, and then the Apex Rodeo is held, one of the biggest rodeos in Australia – the town fills up with cowboys.
Meanwhile in Sydney, Australian biggest race takes place with 25,000 competitors running the 14 km from Hyde Park to Bondi Beach in the city race. In September attention is attached to Melbourne where Australian Football Cup takes place. Australian Football is played in Australia only. This is a game where two teams of 18 players. The players are allowed to play with their legs and arms. The participation in the game demands great physical strength and very often injured players are carried away from the field or are replaced by other players. Grand Australian Football Cup is the biggest sports competition of the year.
On the first Tuesday of November the greatest horse race for Melbourne Cup is held. It is a public holiday in Victoria but the whole country shuts down for the three minutes or so which the race takes.
In December the Sydney-Hobart Yacht Race starts on the 26th, a fantastic sight as the yachts stream out of the harbour and head south.