«Cities of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland».
в 7 классе
Провела: Лагерь Н.Ю
Тема урока: «Cities of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland».
Межпредметные связи: английский язык, география, история.
- практическая - систематизировать и обобщить знания студентов по теме «Великобритания»;
-образовательная - расширить кругозор студентов; формировать у них интерес к культуре народа страны изучаемого языка;
- воспитательная - создать положительную мотивацию к дальнейшему изучению языка;
-развивающая - совершенствовать у студентов память, внимание, логическое мышление.
-ознакомить с лексическими единицами урока;
-провести контроль усвоения лексических единиц;
-предоставить информацию о городах Соединенного Королевства.
-таблицы по грамматической теме «Артикли с географическими названиями».
-карточки по теме «Артикли с географическими названиями»
-DVD-диск с фильмами «London», «Edinburgh».
-тесты с видео-викториной по фильмам «London», «Edinburgh».
-тесты для работы по теме: «Артикли с географическими названиями».
-карточки с лексическим материалом по темам «Город», «Географическое положение».
-тексты для работы по теме: «Cities of the UK».
Good afternoon, students
How are you?
Very well, thanks and you?
Who is absent today?
Everybody is present
2.Вступительное слово преподавателя
Today we shall speak about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, about its capitals and main cities. but from the beginning we must repeat some new words of this topic. we have learned them last lesson. Open your vocabularies and repeat please your home words after me:
Countryside-- сельская местность
Traffic- light-- светофор
Places of interest-- достопримечательности
3.Студенты составляют предложения с выученными словами в тетрадях.
Let's use these words in sentences, please write down these sentences
From London to Edinburgh landscape varies greatly
Population of London is more than 8 million people
Many tourists can see different ancient monuments in York
The official language of the UK is English
There are many dialects on the territory of the UK
Many people prefer to spend their holidays in the countryside
Many traffic- lights help to regulate traffic in London
Skyscrapers are usually built in large cities
Great Britain is a multinational country
You can visit many places of interest in this town
4.Просмотр видеофильмов "Лондон" и "Эдинбург"
После просмотра фильмов студенты пишут видео- викторину по просмотренному материалу
5.Сообщение студентов о столицах и наиболее интересных городах Соединенного Королевства
Teacher: now we shall listen reports about Glasgow, Stratford-upon- Avon, Cardiff, Belfast, York. (Приложение 3)
Преподаватель задает вопросы по прослушанному материалу
6.Повторение грамматической темы: "Articles with geographical names" (каждому студенту выдается таблица по грамматической теме)
Студенты зачитывают способы употребления артикля с географическими названиями. (приложение 1)
Преподаватель раздает студентам один из трех вариантов тестовых заданий по этой теме. (приложение 2)
7.Итог урока. Выставление оценок.
You worked very well. You gave full and right answers to my questions and everybody got good marks.
Your home task is to read and translate up to the end the text on page 181. Learn the new words by heart.
Артикли с географическими названиями.
Определенный артикль the употребляется:
1.Части света the South, the East
2.Некоторые страны (если в названии есть нарицательное существительное): the USA, the UK, the Russian Federation
3.Океаны, моря, реки, озера, каналы (но Lake Baikal, Lake Michigan) the Baltic sea, the Atlantic ocean, the Volga
4.Горные цепи, пустыни: the Alps, the Rocky Mountains, the Sahara Desert.
Определенный артикль не употребляется:
1.Страны: Europe, America
2.Материки: Asia, Europe
3.Города: Moscow, London
5.Улицы: Queen Street
6.Планеты: Venus, Mars
7:Горные вершины: Everest, Ben Nevis
Fill in “the” where necessary.
1.Last year we visited… Canada and … United States.
2…. Asia is much larger that… Europe.
3.We went to… Spain for our holidays and swam in… Mediterranean.
4.Next year we are going skiing in… Swiss Alps.
5…. Everest was first climbed in 1953.
6.Tom has visited most countries in… western Europe.
7….Nile is the longest river in… Africa.
8….United Kingdom consists of… Great Britain and … Northern Ireland.
Fill in “the” where necessary.
1….Grand Canyon is in… Arizona.
2.He visited…Pyramids while he was in…Egypt.
3.Anna comes from…Netherlands but she lives in…USA now.
4….Malta is in…Mediterranean.
5….Amazon is the longest river in the world.
6….Panama Canal joins…Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
7….Rocky Mountains are situated in the west of…North America.
8.I think …Lake Michigan is very beautiful.
Fill in “the” where necessary.
1….Manila is the capital of…Philippines.
2….Andes is a mountain range in…South America.
3.A tunnel has been built beneath …English Channel.
4….Sicily is an Italian island.
5….North sea is between…Britain and…Norway.
6.The capital of…Italy is…Rome.
7.My friend has just bought a holiday home near…Lake Geneva.
8….Australia is in…southern hemisphere.
Stratford-Upon-Avon lies at the very heart of England. It attracts people not only by its history and connection with William Shakespeare, but also by its wonderful nature and typical English character.
Stratford stands on the river Avon and is one of the oldest market towns. It has still preserves its own character and atmosphere, as you will not see modern buildings there. The houses are small and a lot of them are very old. Some of them date back to Shakespeare’s time.
Here you can visit Shakespeare’s birthplace, the foundations of the New Place, where Shakespeare lived when he retired and died in 1616. Just round the corner there is Grammar school that the writer used to attend.
Here in Stratford there is Holy Trinity Church where William Shakespeare was buried. Thousands of people from all parts of England and foreign visitors come here on Shakespeare’s birthday (23rd April) to pay tribute to the great poet.
Among other sight connected with the name of Shakespeare there is an interesting monument with the statue of the great poet on top and with characters from his plays round it. And you should visit the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, a red-brick building standing on the banks of the Avon. It was opened in 1932 as a living memorial to the poet’s work.
1.Why does Stratford attract visitors?
2.How does it differ from many other English towns?
3.On what occasion do thousands of people come to Stratford every year?
To date back to—уходить в прошлое
To retire—уйти в отставку
Holy Trinity School—церковь Святой Троицы
Living memorial—живой памятник
The historic city of York.
In old times York was the capital of a Viking kingdom. In medieval times, York was the second city of England, then the social centre of the North, and in Victorian times, an important railway centre. Today York is the home of world-famous chocolate and one of the beautiful cities in the world. There are a lot of historic things in York: battlements, glorious churches, ancient narrow streets, old houses and cosy pubs where stories of ghosts are told around the fire.
The magnificent Minster is the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe and the most important church in the North of England. It is famous for its medieval stained glass windows and the interior full of colour and light. You can climb to the top of the tower and take a trip into history below ground. Where you can see the Roman remains.
In today’s York there is a festival of music and the arts every summer, which include the famous miracle plays(the religious plays performed in the streets in medieval York).
Viking kingdom—королевство викингов
In Victorian times—во времена королевы Виктории (1837-1901)
Battlements—зубчатые стены, укрепления
Stained glass windows—витражи
the Roman remains—остатки римской цивилизации
1.Why is York considered a unique city?
2.How is it connected with English history?
3.What interesting events take place in today’s York?
Cardiff the largest city of Wales became its capital in 1956. More than three hundred people live in this city. In is situated near the mouth of the river Taff, which flows into the British Channel. The site was first occupied by a Roman fort, built there about 75 A.D. By the 3th and 4th centuries there had been built a massive stone wall around the fort. The Castle now standing at the site of the Roman fort and the old fortress walls around it give a special flavor to the city.
Cardiff is an administrative and educational centre. The main streets of the city are spacious and well-planned.
Cardiff is an important industrial city and a port. Industries are concentrated in the south of the city and near the port. The port played a great role in the growth of Cardiff in the 19th and early 20th centuries, when most of the Welsh coal exports were handled by it. Light industry is also widely developed there.
Stone wall—каменная стена
Light industry—лёгкая промышленность
1.When did Cardiff become the capital of Wales?
2.What is the population of the city?
3.Where are industries concentrated in Cardiff?
Glasgow is the largest and most populous city in the whole of Scotland and the third largest city of Great Britain with the population of over a million. Founded in the sixth century on the site of an ancient Celtic settlement, Glasgow occupies a mostly flat area of land. The city extends along both banks of the river Clyde.
Glasgow is known the world over for its ship-building. Its shipyards, lining both banks of the river, turn out all sorts of vessels.
In huge workshops and forges, Glasgow engineers design and produce a great variety of heavy steel manufactures. Glasgow-built locomotives run in every part of the world.
Glasgow is a large cultural centre of Britain. The University of Glasgow, founded in 1450, is among the oldest universities of the country.
The City centre is George Square with beautiful monuments. Here you can see the figure of Sir Walter Scott. The Statue of the Duke of Wellington is one of the finest in the city.
Heavy steel manufacture—тяжёлая промышленность
1.Where is Glasgow situated?
2.What industries are developed in the city?
3.What cultural constructions are there in the city?
Belfast became the capital of Northern Ireland in 1920. No it is the largest city and the principal seaport with almost half a million population. After Ulster had been separated from Ireland, the Belfast port began to handle most of the raw materials and fuel for Northern Ireland.
Belfast was the gateway for the English colonization of Ireland and today is the centre of major economic and political contacts with Ulster.
Belfast is a modern city, a city of the 19th century and of the industrial revolution. There are a few trim Georgian buildings and one or two houses dating from the 17th century, but the mass of the city’s buildings are late Victorian or belong to the present century.
The City Hall in Donegal Square, with its lofty dome, is one of the chief landmarks. Its height, of nearly 200 ft, is the main feature of the city’s skyline. There is an impressive war memorial in the garden of Remembrance. The city is well-known for shipbuilding and it was here that the Titanic was built and sent out on his fatal first voyage. There is a memorial to that luxury liner.
Queen’s University was founded in 1845 and has an interesting historical museum.
The famous English writers who came from Ireland—Oscar Wilde, Bernard Shaw—are known all over the world.
1.When did Belfast become the capital of Northern Ireland?
2.What is the population of the city?
3.What outstanding people came from Northern Ireland?