Origin of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Origin – происхождение, источник
Pentecost – Троица, Пятидесятница
Ascension - Вознесение
to proceed from – исходить, происходить
the Holy Spirit – Святой Дух
the New Testament – Новый Завет
to trace – просматривать, прослеживать
continuity – непрерывность, последовательность
as per our Lord’ command – согласно повелению Господа
preach the Gospel – проповедовать, поучать
successor - преемник
to appoint smb. – назначать кого-либо
to minister to the faithful – совершать богослужение с верующими
priests and deacons – священники и дьяконы
Read and translate the text.
The Orthodox Church began at Pentecost. It was founded by our Lord Jesus Christ, when after His Ascension, He sent down upon His Apostles the Holy Spirit who proceeds from God the Father as is written in the New Testament. The Orthodox Church of today can trace its history back to the New Testament Church in unbroken continuity.
The Apostles, as per our Lord’s command, preached the Gospel of Jesus Christ and founded churches in Europe, Asia and Africa. Under the direction of the Apostles and their successors, whom they appointed to carry on their mission, the Orthodox Church began to thrive. At each city and town that the Apostles traveled they would appoint a bishop to continue to minister to the faithful, before leaving on their missionary journeys. As the Church grew, the bishops in turn had to appoint priests and deacons to help them with their flock.
Answer the questions:
When did the Orthodox Church begin?
Who was it founded by?
What did the Apostles preach?
Where did the Apostles found churches?
Under whose direction did the Orthodox Church begin to thrive?
What did the Apostles do at each city?
What did the bishops have to do as the church grew?
Make up dialogues.
Make up sentences using the words:
- to begin at Pentecost
- to be founded by our Lord Jesus Christ
- to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ
- to found churches in…
- to begin to thrive under the direction of…
to appoint a bishop to minister to the faithful
to appoint priests and deacons
Retell the text using the sentences.
What is the difference between luck and blessing?
luck – счастье, удача
blessing – благо, благодеяние
to define - определять
force - сила
Divine Care – Божественная забота
pagan - языческий
a tangible thing – материальный предмет
to be closely connected – быть тесно связанным
superstition - суеверие
to be at the mercy of – быть во власти
uncertain forces – неопределенные силы
different - различный
protection - защита
Divine Providence – Божий Промысл
to be full of – быть полным чего-либо
to destroy the power of evil – разрушить силу зла
to trust – верить, доверять
Webster’s dictionary defines luck as the "force that brings good or bad”. The ancient Greeks and Romans used to Worship luck in the form of the goddess Fortuna. Her name even became another word for luck, ‘fortune”. A blessing is defined as “ to invoke Divine Care”. The source of blessings is God Himself.
Luck is pagan, non-Christian concept that views good or bad fortune – and success – as a tangible thing unto itself. Seeking “luck” is closely connected with superstition, which in turn connected to magic. According to this word view, humans are at the mercy of unseen powerful and uncertain forces that may help or hurt us.
A blessing is very different from the idea of luck. God is Lord of the world. A blessing asks for His Divine Protection and help. Whereas luck can be good or bad, a blessing is always good. God’s care for us and the world is called Divine Providence. We believe in God’s power and protection. Those who do not know God are trapped in a world that is full of fears and evil forces. Christians can look on life and not be afraid, for Christ has destroyed the power of evil. If we trust Him and follow His ways, nothing can really harm us.
Answer the questions: